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The Booksellers 175^/



TO THE




R E A D E R.

EW^ Booh arefoperfe&y
\ in their firft Editions ^ as
to need no Improvement
or Addition afterwards.
But it would be Injujlice to thePub^
lick tofupprefs all future Improve-
menty rather than offend the firfl
Buyers. Our Cuflomers therefore^
we hope^ will pardon Us^ if the
many Additions in this Edition do
depreciate the former. T^he ^^uan-
iity of this is more^ but the Sluality
of that is the fame : For tho^ the
Auxhor found it necejfary to add Pa -
ragraphs very frequently^ and whole
Chapters fometimes^ he did not
write at fir ft with fo little Thought

A 2 as

858004



as to need to alter it^ fome few A-
mendments excepted. And therefore
the Pojfejfors of the former Edition
cannot think themf elves abufed.

^he Author was very defirous of
having the Additions printed by
themfelves'^ but the Number of '^em^
and their being inter/per s^d in eve-
ry Page J render'^ d that impraBica-
ble. He has nowfet the laji Hand
to it^ and we hope it is fo compleat
as to need no more Improvement.

A Word more in Relation to the
Latin Edition of this Work printed
in Holland, the Publijher of which
pretends it was correSied by the Au-
thor} but that being quite otherwifcy
we muft take this Opportunity to let
the World know^ that the Author
never f aw it till it was all printed'^
and therefore the many^jirors found
in it mujl not be imputed to Him.



r-



k\ THE



9O0 3<O00O03O00O9QQ0 3O00O)C GOO




THE

CONTENTS

O F T H Ert^ rA\\.) .cs .

Firft V O L^f 'm E.'- - '



"fTTTS*



Book I.



CHap. I . Of the State 0/ Athens //// Cecrops Page I
Chap: 2. Of the State of Athtns from Cecrops till

Thefeus 6

Chap. 3. Of the State of Athens from Thefeus to the

Decennkil Archons 10

Chap. 4. Of the State of Athene from the Decennial

Archons to Philip 7/"Macedon 15

Chap. 5 . Of the State of Athens from Philip ofMzct-

don, to its Delivery hy the Romans 20

Chap. 6. Of the State of Athens from its Confederacy

with Rome, to Conftantine the Great 23

Chap. 7. Of the State of Athens from Conftantine the t vv .

Great '27

Chap. 8. Of the City of Athens, anditsPFalls, GateSy

Streets, Buildings, &c. 2^

Chap. 9. Of the Citizens, Tribes, 2?^. <?/ Athens 4J
Chap. 10. O/" z/?^ Sojourners ^^ Servants / Athens 55
Chap. II. Of the Athenian Magiftratcs 72

Chap. 12. Of the Nine Axzhons^ &c. 74

Chap. 13. Qf//^^ Athenian Magiftrates 78

Chap. 14. 0/"/^f Athenian Magiftrates 80

Chap. 15. Of the Aihenhn Magiftrates 83

Chap. 16, Of the Council of the Amphiclyones 89

|wf;.i Chap.



The CONTENTS.
Chap. 17. Of the Athenian Ex-x-Xijo-ja, or PubJick M-

fembly 91

Chap. 18. Of the Senate ef Five-hundred 97

Chap. 19. Of the Senate and Court of Areopagus i o i

Chap. 20. Offome other Courts of Juftice 108

Chap. 2 1 . Offojne other Courts of Juftice, their Ju-
dicial Procefs, &c. 112
Chap. 22. Of the Tgc-(rapctx,ovlot, and ^iolitt^cl] 122
Chap. 23. Of the P\ib\'\ck Judgments, Adlions, ^c. 123
Chap. 24. Of the Private Judgments, Aflions, ^c. 126
Chap. 25. Of the Athenian Punilhments,W Re wards 129
Chap. 26. 0/ ^^^ Athenian Laws 13S
Laws relating to Divine Worfhip, Temples, Feftivals,

and Sports 1 44

Laws concerning them who officiate in holy Rites 147

Laws relating to the Laws 148

Laws referring to Decrees of the Senate, and Commo-
nalty 149
Laws concerning Native, and Enfranchis'd Citizens 1 50
Laws appertaining to Children Legitimate^ SpuriouSy or

Adopted 151

"the Oath to he taken by the Ephebi ibid.

Laws belonging to Sojourners , 152

Laws relating to the Senate of Five-hundred 154

Laws which concern Magiftrates ibid.

'ithe Oath 155

^bs Examination, atid Interrogatory Dlfquifition of the

Archons 156

7^!^ Archon'j O^//^ ibid.

flhe Oath of the :^rpaLl^yos 157

Laws /;z;^(?^/>j^ Orators ibid/

yfn Infpeiiion into the Orators Lives ibid.

Laws treating of Duties and Offices 158

Laws ^<7/ //^<? Refufal 0/ Offices 159

Laws concerning Honours, to be conferred on thofe^ who

have deferved well of the Comrhon-wealth ibid.

Laws referring to the Gymnafia v 160

lji.W5 relating to Phyficians md Philofophers ibid.

Law|



The CONTENTS.

Laws concerning Judges 1 60

Of Laws relating to LaW-fuits ibid

Laws refpeiing Preparatories to Judgments ibid.

A Form of the Oath taken by Judges after Ek^ion ibid.

Laws referring to Judgments 162

Laws concerning Arbitrators ibid,

A Law about Oaths 1 63

Laws treating of Witnefles ibid.

Laws touching Judgments already pajl 164

Laws concerning Punifhments ibid.
Laws referring to Receivers ofpuhlick Revenues, the

Exchequer, and Money for Shows 1 65

Laws about Limits and Land-marks * 166

Laws refpeSling I^nds, Herds, and Flocks 167

Laws relating to Buying and Selling ibid.

Laws appertaining to Ulury and Money ibid.
Laws about Wares to be imported to, or exported from

Athens ^ iSS

Laws refpe^ing Arts ' ibid.

Laws concerning Societies, with their Agreements ibid.

Laws belonging to Marriages ibid.

Laws touching Dowries 171

I^ws r<?/'fmK^ /<5 Divorces ibid.

Laws belonging to Adulteries ibid.
Laws referring to the Love <7/'Boys, Procurers, and

Strumpets ibid.
Laws appointed for the Drawing up of Wills, and right

Conjiitution of Heirs, and Succeflbrs 1 7^

Laws appertaining to Guardianlhip 174

Laws about Sepulchres aiid Funerals 1 75

Laws againji Ruffians and Aflaflins . 1 76

A Law relating to Accufations 1 78

Laws concerning Damages ibid.

Laws belonging to Thefc 1 79

Laws rejiraining Reproaches ' ibid.

Laws cibcut the Management of Affairs 180

Laws referring to Entertainments ibid,

A Law relating to AccuHitions concerning Mines ibid.

A Law



The CON TENTS.

yf Law appertaining to the Action EtVoyfeAj* i8o

Military Laws 18'^

Cy Military PunijBmcnts, and Rewards ibid.

Mifcellany Laws i 8 2,

BOOK ir.

CHap. I. Of the firjl Authors of Religious Worfhip in
Greece 183
Chap. 2. Of their Temples, Altars, Images, and Afyla 185
Chap. 3. Of the Grecian Priejls and their Offices 202
Chap. 4. Of the Grecian Sacrifices 209
Chap. 5. Of the Grecian Prayers and Supplications 237
Chap. 6. Of the Grecian Oaths 246
Chap. 7. Of the Grecian Divination^ and Oracles in ge-
fieral 261
Chap. 8. Of the Oracles of Jup'itcv 265
Chap. 9. Of the Oracles of ApoWo 272
Chap. 10. Of the Oracle of Trophon'm^ 289
Chap. II. Of other Grecian Oracles 293
Chap. 12. 0/Theomancy 298
Chap. 13, Of Divination iy Y)re3.ms 303
Chap. 14. Of Divination ^^ Sacrifices - 314
Chap. 15. Of Divination fy Birds 320
Chap. 16. Of Divination ly hots 332
Chap. 1 7. Of Divination hy ominous /^<jr^i andfhings 336
Chap. 18. 6/" Magick ^;?zi Incantations 348
Chap. 19. Of the Grecian Feflivals in general 359
Chap. 20. Grecian F^^'y^/y 361
Chap. 21. Of the puhlick Games in Greece, and the prin-
cipal Exercifes us'd in them 440
Chap. 22. 0//^^ Olympian G^w^f 445
Chap. 23. Of the Pythian Games 450
Chap. 24. Of the ^cmtm Games 553
Chap. 25. 0///^^ IfthmianG^w^i 455
Chap. 26. Of the Greek Tear 457

Archao^



( T )




Archaolooia Graca,



OR, THE



ANTIQUITIES

O F

G R E E C E.



Book T.



CHAP I.

Of the State of Athens //// Cecrops.

L L Ages have had a great Efteem and Venera-
tion for Antiquity ; and not only of Men, but of
Families, Cities, and Countries, the moft Anci-
ent have always been accounted the moft Ho-
nourable. Hence arofe one of the firft and
moft univerfal Difputes that ever troubled Man-
kind ; almoft every Nation, whofe firft Original
^ was not very manifeft, pretending to have been
of an equal Duration with the Earth itfelf. Thus
the Egyptians, Scythians, and Phrygians phanfied themfelvcs to be the
firft Race of Mankind, and the Arcadians boafted that they were
rr^odkhlwoi, or before the Moon. The want of Letters did not a lit-
tle contribute to thefe Opinions ; for almoft every Colony and Planta-
tion, wanting Means whereby to preferve the Memory of their An-
ceftors, and deliver them down to Fofterity, in a few Generations for-
got their Mother-Nation, and thought they had inhabited their bwa




'^untry from the Beginning of the World.



O'j^



2 Oj the Civil Government of Athens^'

Our Athenians had too their Share in this Vanity, and made as great
and loud Pretenfions to Antiquity, as the belt of their Neighbours ; they
gave out that they were produced at the fame time with the Sun [a), and
affumed to themfelves the honourable Name (for fo they thought it) of
Avl'o'xPovii, which Word fignifies Perfons producM out of the fame
Soil that they inhabit : For it was an old Opinion, and almoft every
where received among the Vulgar, that in the Beginning of the World,
Men, like Plants, were by fome ftrange prolifick Virtue produced
out of the fertile Womb of one common Mother, Earth ; and there-
fore the Ancients generally called themfelves Tnfiv^.i, Sons of the
Earth, as Hejychius informs us {b) ; alluding to the fame Original, the
Athenians fometimes ftil'd themfelves Ter^/fsf , Grajhoppers ; and fome
of them wore Grajhoppers of Gold, binding them in their Hair, as
Badges of Honour, and Marks to diftinguifh them from others of later
Duration, and lefs noble Extradlion, becaufe thofe Infefts were be- '
]ieved to be generated out of the Ground (f) ; Virgil has mention'4
ihis Cullom in his Poem entituled Cirit.

Ergo omnis caro rejidehat cura capilh,

jlurCa folemni comptum quern fibula ritit /

Cecropiee tereti neSiebat dente cicada.

Wherefore fhc did, as was her conftant Care^

With Grajhoppers adorn her comely Hair,

Brac'd with a golden Buckle Attiek wife.

Mr. Jo. AhelU of line. ColJ.
Without doubt the Athenians were a very ancient Nation, and it may
be, the firft that ever inhabited that Country ; for when Thejfaly, and
Feloponnefits, and almoft all the fertile Regions of Greece chang'd their
eld Matters every Year, the Barrennefs of their Soil fecur'd them from
foreign Invafions. Greece at that time had no conftant aftd fettled In-
habitants, but there were continual Removes, the ftronger always dif-
pofleffing the weaker; and therefore they liv*d, as we fay, from Hand
to Mouth, and provided no more than what was neceffary for prefent
Suftenance, expeding every Day when fome powerful Nation {hould
come and difplace them, as they had lately done their Predeceflbrs {d)t
Amidft all thefe Troubles and Tumults, Attica lay fecure and unmo- '
lefted, being protected from foreign Enemies by means of a craggy
and unfruitful Soil, that could not afford Fuel for Contention, and {&-
cur'd from inteftine and civil Broils, by the quiet and peaceable Difpo-'
fitions of its Inhabitants; for in thofe Golden Days no AfFeftation of Su-
premacy, nor any Sparks of Ambition had fired Mens Minds, but every
one liv'd full of Content and Satisfaction in the Enjoyment of an equal
Share of Land, and other Neceflaries, with the reil of his Neighbours.
The ufual Attendance of a long and uninterrupted Peace are Riches
>nd Plenty ; but in thofe Days, when Men lived upon the Produdts of



{a) Menandtr Rhetor, {h) In voce TnyivSiU \c) Tluijdidet lib. I. EuJlatbiH
ad Iliad ^. {d^ Tamjd^ Mi^



Of the Civil Government of Aas.x\%\ ^

their own Soil, and had not found out the Way of fupplying their
Wants by Traffick, the Cafe was quite contrary, and Peace was only
the Mother of Poverty and Scarcenefs, producing a great many new
Mouths to confume, but affording no new Supplies to fatisfy them.
This was foon experienced by the Athenians ; for in a few Ages
,they were increafed to fuch a Number, that their Country being not
only unfruitful, but confined within very narrow Bounds, was no longer
able to furni{h them with neceffary Provifions. This forced them
to contrive fome Means to dilburthen it, and therefore they fent out
Colonies to provide new Habitations, which fpread themfelves in the
feveral Parts of Greece.

This fending forth of Colonies was very frequent in the firft Ages of
the World, and feveral Inftances there are of it in later Times, elpeci-
ally amongft the Gau/s and Scythians, who often left their Native Coun-
tries in vait Bodies, and, like general Inundations, overt urn'd all before
them. Meurfius reckons to the Number of forty Plantations peopled by
Athenians \ but amongft them all, there was none fo remarkable as
that in AJla the Lefs, which they call'd by the Name of their native
Country Ionia. For the primitive Athenians were nam'd lones, and
laones [e) ; and hence it came to pafs, that there was a very near
Affinity between the Attick and old lonick Dialeft, as Eufiathius ob-
ferves (f). And though the Athenians thought fit to lay afide their
ancient Name, yet it was not altogether out of Ufe in 'ihefeus'% Reign,
as appears from the Pillar erefted by him in the Ijlhmus, to ftiew the
Bounds of the Athenians on the one Side, and the PeJoponneJiam on
the other ; on the Eaft-fide of which was this Infcription (g\^

This is not Peloponnefus, hut Ionia.
And on the South-fide this,

Ihis is not Ionia, hut Peloponnefus, '

This Name is thought to have been given them from Janjan, which
bears a near Refcmblance to \eLav ; and much nearer if, as Grammarians
tell us, the ancient Greeks pronounc'd the Letter a. broad like the
Diphthong tu, as in our Englijh Word All, and fo Sir George Wheeler
reports the modern Greeks do at this Day, This Janjan was the fourth
Son QiJapheth,z.nA is faid to have come into Greece after theConfufion of
aiel,znd feated himfelf in Attica; and this Report receiveth no fmall
Confirmation from the divine Writings, where the Name of jfavan is
in feveral Places put for Greece. Two Inftances we have in Daniel {h) ;
And nvhen I am gone'forth, behold the Prince of Grscia. /hall come. And
again (/) Hejhalljiir up all againji the Realm o/^Grscia. Where thoagh
the vulgar Tranflations render it not Ja'van, yet that is the Word in
the Original. And again in Ifaiah, And 1 nxiill fend thofe that efcape of
them to the Nations in the Sea, in Italy, and in Greece. Where the 7i-



(i) Herodot. lib. I. Strah Geogr. lib. IX. ^fchylus Perfis. (fj Iliad. ft
() Piutarsb. Tljefcf, {J>) Cap. X. v. y^ () Cap. XI. v, a.

B Z gurini



jf Of the Civil Government of Athens?

gurine Verfion, with that oi Genenja, retains the Hebrew Words, and
ufeth the Names of Tubal and Jwvan, inftead of Italy and Greece. But
the Grecians themfelves, having no Knowledge of their true Anceftor,
make this Name to be of much later Date, and derive it from Ion, the
Son oi Xuthus. This Xathus (as Paufanias reports) having robb'd his
Father Deucalion of his Treafure, convey'd himfelf, together with his
ill-gotten Wealth into Attica, which was at that Time govern'd by E-
reSiheus, who courteoufly entertain'd him, and gave him his Daughter
in Marriage, by whom he had two Sons, Ion and Achevus ; the former
of which gave his Name to the lonians, the latter to the Achaans, It
is not improbable that Ion himfelf might receive his Name from Ja'
*van ; it being a Cuftom obfervable in the Hiftories of all Times, to
keep up the ancient Name of a Fore-Father, efpecially fuch as had
been eminent in the Times he lived in, by reviving it in fome of th
Principal of his Pofterity.

From the firft peopling o{ Attica till the Time of King Ogyges, we
have no Account of any Thing that pafs'd there ; only Plato {k) reports,
they had a Tradition, that the Athenian Power and Glory were very
great in thofe Days ; that they were excellently flcill'd both in Civil and
Military Affairs, were govern'd by the jufteft and moft equitable Laws,
and lived in far greater Splendor than they had arrived to in his Time.
But of the Tranfadions of thefe, and the following Ages till Thefeus,
or the Trojan War, little or nothing of Certainty mult be expefted ;
part!y,becaufe of the Want ofRecords,inrude and illiterate Ages; partly,
by reafenofthe vaft Diflance of Time, wherein thofe Records they
had (if they had any) were loft and deftroy'd ; and partly, through the
Pride and Vain-glory of the ancient Greeks, who, out of an AfFeftatioa
of being thought to have been defcended from fome divine Original,
induftrioufly conceal'd their Pedigrees, and obfcured their ancient Hifto-
ries with idle Tales, and poetical Fiftions. And to ufe the Words of
Plutarch (/) : " As Hiftorians, in their Geographical Defcriptions of
*' Countries, croud into the fartheft Part of their Maps thofe Things
*' they have no Knowledge of, with fome fuch Remarks in the Margin
' as thefe ; all beyond is nothing but dry and defert Sands, or Scythian
*' Cold, or a frozen Sea ; fo it may very >vell be faid of thofe Things
*' that are fo far removed from our Age j all beyond is nothing but
* monftrous and trjigical Fiftions ; there the Poets, and there the In-
" ventors of Fables dwell ; nor is there to be expei^ed any Thing that
*' deferves Credit, or that carries in it any Appearance of Truth."

However I muft not omit what is reported concerning Ogyges, or
Ogygus, whom fome will have to have been King of Thebes, fome of
j^gypt, fome of Arcadia, but others of Attica, which is faid to have
been called after his Name, Ogygia (m). He is reported to have been a
very potent Prince, and the Founder of feveral Cities, particularly of
FAeufis J and Paufanias tells us farther, that he was Father to the Hero
Eleujis, from whom that Town received its Name. He is faid to hav



(*) Tmeto, (/) Iht^tQ^ () Ste^attus Byjantuji de Urb, is Pop.

beeai



Of the Civil Government of Athens^ 5

been contemporary with the Patriarch Jacob j about the fixty-feventh
Year of whofe Age he is fuppofed to have been born (), others bring
him as low as Mofes (o). His Reign is the utmoft Period the Athenian
Stories'or Traditions ever pretendsd to reach to ; and therefore when
they would exprefs the great Antiquity of any thing, they call it O^yf/-,
of which we have a great many Inftances in feveral of the ancient
Writers, but I (hall only give you one out oi Nicanders TheriacOf

Q.y6li- J^' Sl^A //t/9- vt euC,im<n (po^ti^-
And in Allufion to the great Power he is fuppofed to have been pof-
fefs'd of they call any thing great or potent, Q.yuyiQ-, as two learned
Grammarians inform us. Hefychius, ilftSyia, taKcli^, a.^'Xja.in, y.iyci.K\i
vdiiv. SuiJas, Qyvfiov, 'XAKetiov, w VTsrifUifiBif. And therefore cSyv'
fiA KeuLA are great and infupportable Evils ; and uyv^t- ivh^triA in
Philo, extreme Folly and Stupidity. He reign'd two and thirty Years
(for fo Cedrenus computes them) in full Power and Profperity, and
blefs'd with the Affluenceof all Things that Fortune can beftow upon
her greateft Favourites ; but the Conclufion of his Life was no lefs de-
plorable than the former Part of it had been profperous, for in the raidfl:
of all his Enjoyments he was furpriz'd with a fudden and terrible In-
undation, which overwhelm'd not Attica only, but all Achaia too, in
one common Deftrudion.

There is frequent Mention made in ancient Authors of feveral Kings
that reign'd in Attica, between the Ogygian Flood and Cecrops the Firit.
As of Porphyrion, concerning whom thcAthmonians, a People in Attica^
have a Tradition, that he ereded a Temple to FenusOv^avi a. in their
Borough {p). Alfo ofColainus [q) ; and of Periphas, who is defcrib'd by
Antonius Liberalis (r), to have been a very virtuous Prince, and at lait
metamorphos'd into an Eagle. Ifaac Tzetzes, in his Comment upon
Lycophron, fpeaks of one Draco, out of whofe Teeth he tells us, it was
reported that Cecrops fprung ; and this Reafon fome give for his being
caird A/^iK. Laftly, to mention no more, Paufanias and Stephanus
fpeak of Adaus, or AS^eon, from whom fome will have Attica to
have been call'd Ade\ and this Name frequently occurs. in the Poets,
particularly in Z.^'frc/i^row, aftudious Affefter of antiquated Names, and
obfokte Words :

Ay,TMf /'///Of ^K ynfiv^f o-^nxjap^jctf.
But fmall Credit is to be given to thefe Reports, for we are affured
by Philachorus, an Author of no Jefs Credit than Antiquity, as he is
quoted by Africanus, that Attica was fo much wafted by the Ogygian De-
luge, and its Inhabitants reduced to fo fmall a Number, that they lived
an hundred and ninety Years, from the Time of Oj^^g'ff to Cecrops, with-
out any King at all ; and Eu/ebius concurs with him in this Opinion (/),



(n) Bieronym. Chron. Eufeb. {o) Jujlin Mart, Orat. ad Gentei, {p) Paui

pttiat, [f) Idem. (r) Metamorphof. VI, (/) Chronito.



? i CHAP.:



I



Of the Civil Government <?/ Athens,
C H A P. II.
Of the State ef Athens from Cccrops to Thefcus.

T is agreed almoft on all Hands, that Cecrops was the firft that ga-

ther'd together the poor Peafants that lay difperfed here and there

in Attica, and having united them into one Body, (tho' not into one
City, for that was not effefted till many Ages after) conftituted among
them one Form of Government, and took upon himfelf the Title of Zz^.

Moll Nations at the firft were governed by Kings, who were ufually
Perfons of great Worth and Renown, and for their Courage, Pru-
dence, and other Virtues, promoted to that Dignity by the general
Confent and Eleftion of the People; who yielded them Obedience
outofWillingnefs, rather than Necefhty ; out of Advice, rather than
by Compulfion : And Kings rather chofe to be obey'd out of Love,
and Efteem of their Virtues, and Fitnefs to govern, than by the Force
of their Arms, and out of a flavifli Fear of their Power. They afr
fefted no uncontroulable Dominion, or abfolute Sway, but preferred the
Good of their People, for whofe Proteftion they knew and acknow-
ledged themfelves to have been advanced, before any covetous or am-
bitious Defigns of their ,own. They expefted no bended Knees, nq
proftrate Faces, but would condefcend to converfe familiarly, even
with the meaner fort of their Subjeds, as oft as they ftood in need of
their Ailillance. In fhort, they endeavoured to obferve fuch a juft
Medium in their Behaviour, and all their Aftions, as might neither
expofe their Authority to Contempt, nor render them formidable tq
thofe, whom they chofe rather to win by Kindnefs into a voluntary
Compliance, than to awe by Severity into a forced Subjelion. They
propofed to themfelves no other Advantage, than the Good and Welfare
of their People, and made ufe of their Authority no farther, than as it
was conducive and neceffary to that End. This Dignity and Office
confiiled chiefly in three Things,

Firji, In doing juftice, in hearing Caufes, in compofing the Divi-
iions, and deciding the Differences tluit happen'd among their Subfefts,
in conftituting new Laws, and regulating the old [t), where they had
any ; but the People generally repofed fuch Truft and Confidence in the
jufiice and Equity of their Prince, th*t his fole Will and Pleafure pafs'd
for Law amongft them {).

Secondly, In leading them to the Wars ; where they did not only
affift tliem by their good Condud: and Management of Affairs, but ex-
pofed their own Perfons for the Safety and Honour of their Country;,
prefling forward into the thickeft of their Enemies, and often en-
countering the mod valiant of them in fingle Combat. And this
they thought a principal Part of their Duty, judging it but reafonable,
that they, who exceli'd others in Honour, fhouid lurpafs them too in



(/) TuU, i<i Offic, lib, II, cap. XII, () Ji'^in, Hift, lib, I,

Valour,



Of the Civil Government of Athens.' ^

?i^alour, and they that had the firft Places at all Feafts, and publick
Aflemblies, fhould be the firft alfo in undertaking Dangers, and ex-
pofing themfelves in the Defence of their Country ; and thus-the Her9
in Homer argues the Cafe with one of his Fellow-Princes,

Tkavkz, Tin J^n vco'i rijiy.iiixi^et (jlcLki^a

Ey Ayx/rt, Tajfiii 'j, ^bV t^i, ^<Toftua-i,

KaKov (^vJAKini )C) rtfKfHf Tvpocp'o^oio ;
T&^fi/f T^pn AvKioKri iJATA<:Ffuroi<rtv tovjAf
'E^d/j^y iiJ^i l^d^m KAv^-etpni dvliCoKmAi, (w),

Glaucus, fmce us the Lycian Realms obey .
^ Like Gods, and all united Homage pay.

Since we firft feated have our. Goblets crown'd "y

Enjoy large Farms, near Xanthus Streams, whofe Ground C
Is fertile, and befet with ftiady Trees around ? jy

Ought we not in the Battle's Front t'engage,
And quell our furious Foes with doubled Rage ?

J- ^'
thirdly^ The Performance of the folemn Sacrifices, and the Care of

Divine Worftiip was Part of the Kin^% Builnefs. The Lacedamonian

Kings at their Coronation were conlecrated Pr/^/^j of y^/i/V^r, Oug^,-

r/-, and executed that Office in their own Perfons. No Man can be

ignorant of Virgil's Anius, who was both King and Prieji.

Rex Aniut, ReX idem hominum, 'Phoehiqut facerdos.



Online LibraryJohn PotterArchæologia græca: or, The antiquities of Greece (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 56)