John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott.

History of Frederick the Second online

. (page 49 of 52)
Online LibraryJohn S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) AbbottHistory of Frederick the Second → online text (page 49 of 52)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Anecdote of Frederick William, 20;
of the Berlin Student, 27;
of Frederick William, 38;
of M. Von Bentenreider, 44;
of Scenes in the Tobacco Parliament, 48;
of Frederica Louisa, 56;
of Frederick William in the Music-room, 67;
of Wilhelmina and Fritz, 78;
of a Raven, 115;
of Frederick William, 161;
of the French Minister (_note_), 192;
of Frederick the Great and Voltaire (_note_), 199;
of Count Dufour, 200;
of Frederick the Great, 272, 300;
of the Old Dessauer, 346;
of Frederick and the Protestant Peasants, 353;
of the Hungarian Count, 378;
of Colonel Chasot and an Austrian Officer, 380;
of Frederick, 399;
of the Prussian Dragoon, 416;
of Frederick and the Austrians, 443;
of Frederick before the Battle of Zorndorf, 460;
of Frederick, 517, 518, 525, 536;
of Elizabeth of Brunswick, wife of the Crown Prince, 537;
of Frederick, 556, 557, 561;
of one of Frederick’s Dogs, 568.

Animosity between Frederick William and George II. of England
(_note_), 55.

Announcement of Prussian Victory at Mollwitz - Frederick’s
Chagrin, 259.

Anspach, Marquis of, marries a sister of Frederick, 66.

Anti-Machiavel, Frederick’s protestations in, 217.

Archenholtz: he writes of Frederick after Kolin, 417;
of Frederick’s treatment of his Captives, 499.

Argens, Marquis D’, his character, 396.

Attack upon Frederick’s Supply-train from Troppau described, 453.

Augustus William, brother of Frederick, betrothed, 210;
his Grief and Death, 451.

Augustus III., King of Poland, Frederick’s counsels to him, 298;
his Exasperation against Frederick, 305.

Aulic Council held at Presburg, 284.

Austria favors Catholicism, 224.

Austrian Envoy, the, his suspicions of Frederick, 219.

Austrian Retreat after Leuthen, 442;
after Torgau, 514.

Austrians, Cruelty of the, 364;
defeated by Prince Henry, 533.


B.

Baireuth, Frederick, Duke of, 76;
he visits Berlin, 120;
received with favor by Wilhelmina, 121;
Character of the old Marquis of, 147;
Frederick the Great visits Wilhelmina in her home at, 161.

Barberina, Señora, her Adventures, 318, 319.

Bathyani, General, and his Pandours, 332.

Baumgarten, Conflict at, 241;
Neipperg at, 283.

Belgard, Frederick William reviews a Regiment at, 179.

Belleisle, Lord, commands French troops, 284;
his Interview with Frederick, 315.

Berlin, Palace of, its Splendor, 37;
Frederick William arrives at, 97;
Grand Review at, 119;
Description of the Palace of, 129;
Wilhelmina writes of, 134;
Grand Entrèe of Frederick with his Bride, 151;
the Princess Royal resides at, 154;
Frederick William returns from Lithuania to, 180;
he bids a final farewell to, 180;
Wilhelmina visits, 210;
Frederick the Great returns from Silesia to, 236;
Frederick again returns to, 297;
the Gayety of, 322;
Alarm in, 348;
Carousal at, 385;
an Austrian Division on the march to attack, 428;
Terror at, 488;
besieged by the Allies, 508;
the Garrison retires, and the City surrenders, 509;
Illuminations in, after the Treaty of Peace, 535;
Congress at, 555.

Berneck, Wilhelmina writes Frederick of, 156.

Bernstadt, Frederick surprises and scatters an Austrian Division
at, 424.

Besserer, M., Chaplain of the Garrison at Cüstrin, 107.

Bevern, Prince, holds Breslau, 434.

Bielfeld, Baron, describes the Princess Elizabeth Christina, 144;
his Account of a Carousal at Reinsberg, 169;
an Accident to, 171;
his Account of the Crown Prince, 171, 172;
of Frederick William (_note_), 181;
he relates a Dialogue (_note_), 187;
his Conversation with Frederick after the Death of his Father, 189;
he writes (_note_), 212;
of Frederick, 268;
he describes Frederick’s Manner at the Marriage of his Brother, 297;
he relates Frederick’s Passage through Frankfort, 314;
he describes the Leave-taking of Ulrique, and the Berlin Court, 324.

Bohemia, Prussian Forces enter, 330.

Borck, Baron von, counsels Frederick William, 61;
his proposal to Sophie Dorothee, 76;
he commands at Maaseyk, 208;
he is charged with proposals to General Roth, the Austrian
Commander, 234.

Borne, short but bloody Conflict at, 438.

Botta, Marquis of, the Austrian Envoy, 220.

Brandenburg, the Duchy of, 18;
its Capital, 19.

Breslau, Capital of Silesia, 228;
Terms of Surrender offered, 229;
terms of its surrender to Frederick, 281;
Frederick crowned Sovereign Duke of Silesia at, 294;
afterward retaken by Austria, 435;
Frederick concentrates troops at, 507;
he establishes Winter Quarters at, 527.

Brieg, Siege of, raised, 250;
Frederick encamped around, 265.

Britz, immense Concourse at, to meet Frederick on his return to
Berlin, 373.

Broglio, Marshal, commandant in Strasbourg, 200.

Browne, General, an Austrian commander in Silesia, 223;
his skillful Manœuvre to relieve the Saxons, 408.

Brühl, Count, Prime Minister of Augustus III., 299;
his Character (_note_), 299.

Brünn, Frederick besieges, 304.

Brunswick, secret Conclave, and Initiation of the Crown Prince into
the Order of Freemasons at, 176.

Buddenbrock, General, his mean office, 91.

Budischau, Castle of, used as Saxon Barracks, 302.

Budweis, Frederick takes possession of, 333.

Bunzelwitz, Camp of, celebrated in history, 523.


C.

Captain of Giant Guards, 43.

Caroline, Queen of England, Sophie Dorothee writes to, 74.

Carlyle, Quotations from and Opinions of (_note_), 20, 21;
his Opinion of Frederick William, 24;
his Description of the Tabagie, 46;
of Frederick William, 48;
he describes the Companions of the Crown Prince (_note_), 71;
Comments on Wilhelmina (_note_), 73;
Extract from, 97;
on Predestination, 110;
translates a Letter of Frederick to his Father, 113;
he writes of Voltaire, 173;
of Frederick, 217;
he describes a March in December, 225;
on France, 239;
he describes M. Maupertuis, 264;
Maria Theresa, 273;
his graphic Account of Frederick and the English Ministers, 280;
his View of the Offer of Frederick to Austria, 287;
of Frederick’s political Morality, 293;
his Description of the Pandours, 333;
he writes of Frederick, 339;
of Leopold, 343;
of the French Victory at Fontenoy, 358;
describes the Storming of Sterbohol and Homoly Hills, 413;
on Frederick’s poetic Effusion, 433;
on the Battle of Zorndorf, 459;
on the Armies at Freiburg, 495;
on Frederick’s Manœuvrings (_note_), 507;
on the Camp at Bunzelwitz, 523;
on the Czarina, 541;
on Bavaria, 551;
on Frederick’s diplomatic Skill, 552;
his Rendering of Frederick’s religious Creed, 569.

Catharine II. conspires against Peter III., and dethrones him, 530;
her Proclamation after the Death of Peter III., 531;
Frederick the Great enters into an alliance with her, 541;
goes to War with Turkey, 544;
her Death, 551.

Catt, Henry de, his Narrative, 399, 400, 401;
he visits Frederick at Breslau, 447.

Charles, Duke of Brunswick, 151.

Charles VI. of Germany, his Alliance with Frederick William, 45;
he intercedes for the Crown Prince, 111;
his Death, 212;
the dying Scene, 213.

Charles Albert, Emperor of Germany, 301;
his Death, 344.

Charles, Prince, of Austria advances against Frederick, 307;
his Aim, 309;
bereaved and crushed, 342.

Charlotte, Sister of Frederick the Great, slanders his Bride, 148;
her Marriage, 152.

Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg, the Bride of George III. of
England, 521.

Chasot, Lieutenant, fights a Duel, 168.

Châtelet, Madame Du, her Character, 173;
her Death, 379.

Children of Frederick William, 50.

Chotusitz, Battle of, 310;
Cavalry Charge at, led by General Bredow, 311.

Chrudim, Frederick’s Head-quarters at, 307;
he concentrates his Army at, 308.

Cirey, Chateau of, the Residence of Voltaire, 173.

Cleves, Voltaire visits Frederick at, 203.

Coalition against Frederick, 402.

Cochius, M., a clerical Adviser of Frederick William, 187.

Combination against Frederick, 411.

Cossacks hover around the Prussian Army, 456;
their Mercilessness, 459.

Court-martial convened, 105.

Court Intrigues, 148.

Crown Prince of Prussia, 20.

Crown Prince Cadets, 30.

Cüstrin, Frederick, the Crown Prince of Prussia, a Prisoner at, 101;
his Privations, 114;
his Life at, 122;
he returns after the Marriage of his Sister, 135;
Conflagration of, 461, 462;
in a midnight March Frederick crosses the Oder near, 481.

Czaslau, Prince Charles, rendezvouses at, 310.

Czernichef, General, communicates to Frederick the News of the Death
of Peter III.; its Effect, 532.


D.

Dance of Torches, 131.

Daun, General, an Austrian Officer, re-enforces Olmütz, 452;
he dares not attack Frederick, 454;
his Endeavors to reconquer Saxony, 463;
his Plans successful, 466;
he overwhelms the Forces of General Finck, 493;
is astride the Elbe at Dresden, 501;
severely wounded at Torgau, 513.

Delay of the Courier sent to England respecting the double Marriages;
the Consequences, 75.

Despotic Conduct of Frederick William, 43, 68.

Dessauer, the Old, alienated from Frederick, 340;
his military Skill and Character, 345;
Frederick directs him to watch the Saxons, 347;
he enters Saxony, 367;
his Prayer before commencing Battle, 369.

Dialogue of Sophie Dorothee with Grumkow, 74;
of Frederick with Count Von Kaunitz, 545.

Dickens, Sir Guy, an English Embassador, 86;
he conveys letters to the Crown Prince from George II. of
England, 87;
his Testimony respecting Frederick William, 112;
he is baffled in his attempts to discover the Plans of
Frederick, 220.

Discipline in the Prussian Army, 378.

Doberschütz, Frederick at, after the Victory of Hochkirch, 469.

Double Marriages, the, relinquished, 61.

Dover, Lord, on the Marriage of Frederica Louisa (_note_), 66;
Extract from the Writings of, 104, (_note_), 105.

Dresden, Frederick William contemplates a Visit to, 78;
Frederick the Great visits, 298;
Treaty of Peace signed at, 372;
Frederick enters, 405;
his Winter Quarters at, 409;
the Prussian Commander fires the Suburbs of, 471;
surrendered by General Schmettau, 491;
cruelly bombarded by Frederick, 502.

Dubourgay, British Embassador at Berlin, 79.

Duhan, M., Frederick’s Visit to, 373.

Duke of Gloucester, the, sends Envoy to Berlin, 40.

Duplicity of Frederick, 291.


E.

Eastern Question, the, its Antiquity, 545.

Economy of Frederick William, 45.

Einsiedel, General, holds the Garrison at Prague, 331;
his heroic but awful Retreat from Prague, 338.

Elizabeth Christina, Princess of Bevern, 141;
betrothed to Frederick, 142;
her Marriage, 149;
her cruel Treatment at Berlin, 151;
Carlyle’s Testimony to her Character, 165;
Frederick’s Treatment of her, 197;
his cutting Neglect of her, 252;
her Reputation, and Frederick’s Opinion of her, 389;
his Testimony, 573.

Elizabeth of Russia, her Character and Death, 528.

Ellert, M., Physician to Frederick William (_note_), 187.

Emperor of Germany, the, protests against the double Marriages, 48.

England replenishes the Coffers of Maria Theresa, 238;
Checkmated by the Skill of Belleisle, 284;
the growing Power of France alarms her, 312;
endeavors to break the Alliance between France and Prussia, 359;
makes a Treaty with Frederick, 448;
her Treaty with France, 532.

English, the, their Unpopularity at Berlin, 82.

Erfurt, the Prince of Soubise intrenched at, 424.

Eugene, Prince, a renowned Prussian Officer, 160;
he re-enforces the Garrison at Berlin, 509.

Europe, a general Upturning of the States of, 239;
she censures Frederick for his cruel Treatment of Prisoners of
War, 409.


F.

Fassmann, his outrageous Conduct in the Tabagie, 47.

Finck, Count, Frederick’s secret Instructions to, 410;
his cruel Treatment of, 494.

Fouqué, Captain, with the Crown Prince at Cüstrin (_note_), 102.

Fouquet, General, overwhelmed and captured, 501.

France and Germany unite against Austria, 284.

Francis of Lorraine elected Emperor of Germany, 360.

Frankenstein, General Neipperg retreats to, 283;
Frederick’s head-quarters at, 349.

Frankfort on the Oder, Frederick’s Entrance into, 314;
exorbitant Demands of the Russians upon the People of, 480.

Frederica Louisa, Description of, 55.

Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg, 18;
crowned Frederick I., 20;
his Sorrows and Death, 23.

Frederick William, 20;
his Marriage, 21;
his Economy and Reforms, 24, 25;
his Idea of War, 26;
his ill Manners, 27;
his Plans for his Son, 28;
his Notions of Education, 32, 34;
Directions for Fritz, 35, 36;
his Efforts for the Giant Guard, 43;
exasperates neighboring magnates, 45;
his lack of intellectual Culture, 47;
his Illness, 55;
an Artist, 58;
his Inhumanity, 59;
his Anger with George II. of England, 60;
his strange Conscientiousness, 63;
effects of his Rage, 68;
his demoniac Conduct, 69, 70;
brutally threatens his Queen, 73;
ends the Plan for the double Marriages, 75;
sullenly consents to Wilhelmina’s Marriage with the Duke of
Baireuth, 77;
his Suspicions of his Son, 78;
his Opinion of the Princess Amelia, 82;
Ultimatum concerning the double Marriages, 84;
he publicly canes his Son, 85;
he ill-treats Wilhelmina, 88;
he assaults his Son in the Yacht, 91;
he arraigns and tries Fritz, 93;
his cruel Dispatch to his Queen, 95;
his Rage with the friends of Fritz, 103;
his Inconsistency, 109;
he excites the indignation of all European Powers against him, 111;
his inflexibility, 114;
his insulting Reply to Wilhelmina, 115;
renewed ill treatment of his Daughter, 122;
he interviews his Son, 123;
his bitter Altercation with the Judges, 127;
his Store of Silver, 130;
he writes his Son, 137;
he allows Fritz a meagre Income, 146;
his reception of Wilhelmina, 147;
his displeasure with his Son, 154;
his Health impaired, 161;
his Sufferings and Petulance, 164;
he dislikes his Son’s Occupations, 167;
he visits Holland, 175;
he passes through Prussian Lithuania, 177;
his efforts for the Province, 178;
he bestows a Gift upon the Crown Prince, 179;
his Health fails, 180;
his Anger with the Tobacco Parliament, 183;
his Directions for his Funeral, 185, 186;
his last Hours, 187;
his dying Words, 188;
his Funeral, 189;
his Restrictions upon his Son, 197;
his authority over Herstal denied, 206.

Frederick the Great: his Tutors, 31;
his literary Acquirements, 37;
his refined Tastes, 38;
his Character at fifteen, 49;
his Illness, 52;
writes his Father, 53;
contemplates fleeing from Home, 61;
his Passion for Music, 66;
his Falsehood and Debts, 77;
his Resolve, 78;
his Interview with his Sister, 79;
he is held under Surveillance, 87;
he attempts escape, and is arrested, 89;
he is tried and condemned, 93;
he refuses to implicate his friends, 94;
he is deprived of necessaries, 101;
his crushing Sorrow, 107;
he abandons Christianity, 110;
his Oath of Obedience, 113;
his popularity at Cüstrin, 122;
his Interview with Frederick William, 123, 124;
he is allowed more Freedom, 127;
his lax ideas of Marriage, 128;
his coldness toward Wilhelmina, 134;
he is restored to his Command at Ruppin, 136;
his Betrothal, 142;
his Occupation at Ruppin, 145;
his choice of Reading, 146;
his Marriage, 149;
his treatment of his Bride, 150, 151;
he goes to Holland with Frederick William, 175;
his Masonic Initiation, 176;
he extols his Father’s ability, 178;
his sympathy for his Father in his illness, 181;
he enters the Tobacco Parliament, 182;
at Reinsberg Frederick hears of his Father’s sudden Illness, 185;
he is King of Prussia, 188;
his noble Words, 189;
his generous Deeds, 191;
his toleration, 192;
his caustic Replies, 193;
his division of Time, 194;
his dutiful Conduct toward his Mother, 197;
he visits Strasbourg _incognito_, 199;
his Opinion of Voltaire, 205;
he writes the Prince-bishop of Liege, 207;
he issues a Manifesto, 208;
he slights George II. of England, 210;
his unpopularity, 211;
his striking Words, 214;
he gives Reasons for War, 216;
his deceptive Measures, 218;
his insolent Demand upon Maria Theresa, 221;
his Speech to his soldiers, 222;
his Proclamation, 223;
his politic Conduct, 224, 230;
he writes M. Jordan, 226, 228, 232;
his Entrance into Breslau, 229;
he writes M. Algarotti, 233;
he fails to secure Allies, 237;
his narrow Escape, 240;
he writes Leopold, 244;
he writes the Old Dessauer, 246;
he mistakes General Neipperg’s Plans, 248;
his Dilemma, 249;
he endeavors to cross the Neisse, 250;
his want of military Skill, 255;
he flees for Life, 257;
his Mortification, 259, 261;
he writes Wilhelmina, 262;
his successful Strategy, 265;
his growing Importance, 268;
he signs a secret Treaty with France, 270;
his Physique, 275;
his Dialogue with Robinson and Hyndford, 279;
his trifling Manner, 280;
his brusque Reply to the Embassador, 285;
repulses the Austrian Envoy, 286;
his mean Proposition presented by Goltz, 287;
his Caution, 290;
his Perfidy, 291;
his sham Siege of Neisse, 293;
he denies the secret Treaty with Austria, 295;
his mean Subterfuges, 297;
he is annoyed by the want of Zeal in his Allies, 302;
he rejoices in the withdrawal of Saxony from the Alliance, 305;
his Views of Winter Campaigns, 307;
his attention to Minutiæ in his Camp, 309;
his Treachery to France, 313;
on his Silesian Campaigns, 315;
his Endeavors to render Berlin attractive, 318;
he writes an Ode to Ulrique, his Sister, 324;
he writes cruelly to Baron Pöllnitz, 325;
he fears Austrian Successes, 329;
his sad March from Prague, 331, 332;
his Perplexities, 335;
his narrow escape from Capture at Collin, 338;
his Orders to Leopold, 341;
his Peril, 347;
his Resolve, 348;
his Endeavor, 355;
his Indignation against Louis XV., 359;
in his retreat to Silesia, surprised by Austria, 362;
his Perplexities, 366;
his Suavity toward the People of Berlin, 373;
his Industry, 377;
his Kindness to the old Schoolmaster, Linsenbarth, 383;
writes of Voltaire to Wilhelmina, 388;
excludes Ladies from his Court, 390;
Resumé of his Character, 396;
his mean Conduct at Dresden, 398;
his terrible Perplexity, 403;
his treatment of Saxon troops, 409;
he writes concerning the Battle of Prague, 414;
he retreats from Kolin, 415;
his Grief at the Death of his Mother, 418;
his Anger with, and cruel Treatment of Augustus William, 422;
his infidel Creed, 425;
his Support in Sorrow, 428;
defeats the Allies at Rossbach, 430;
his Address to Officers and Soldiers after Leuthen, 435, 436;
he writes to the Marquis D’Argens, 446, 447;
his grim Humor, 463;
his Daring, 465;
his Losses, 467;
he derides General Daun, 469;
his Winter at Breslau, 473;
his Expedient for the increase of Funds, 475;
he joins his Brother Henry at Sagan, 479;
defeated at Mühlberg Hill, 483;
his Injustice to his Soldiers, 489;
his Illness, 492;
his reckless Directions to his Generals, 493;
his strategic Deception, 505;
he dictates to his Generals the Plan of Operations at Torgau, 513;
assails the Austrians, 513;
his unwearying Energy, 518;
his cruel Extortions, 521;
his _Military Instructions_, 533;
he returns to Berlin, 535;
his Account of the Ravages of the Seven Years’ War, 539;
vain of his Wit, 543;
endeavors to mediate between Russia and Turkey, 545;
his Share of Poland, 548;
his Opinion on the Partition of Poland, 549;
his Diplomacy, 552;
his resolute Movement, 554, 555;
his Character in old age, 556;
his Protocol regarding the Miller, 559;
his Neglect of his Wife, 561;
his Illness, 565;
his last Sickness and Death, 569, 571, 572;
his Burial, 573.

Frederick, Prince of Wales, Son of George II. of England: his Schemes
for the Hand of Wilhelmina, 52;
an ardent Lover, 82.

French, the, compel the Duke of Brunswick to withdraw his Alliance
from Frederick, 424;
their Atrocities near Weissenfels, 433.

Freudenthal, General Neipperg at, 249;
Frederick obtains Possession of, 283.

Freytag, M., arrests Voltaire at Frankfort, 394;
his Opinion of Frederick’s Share of Poland, 549;
his Testimony to Frederick’s Energy in time of Peace, 550.

Friedenthal occupied by Frederick, 298.

Friedland, Frederick retreats to, 250;
he obtains Possession of, 283.


G.

George I., Elector of Hanover, 20;
he visits Berlin, 32;
his Character, 39;
his Treatment of his Wife, 41;
the Death of his unhappy Wife, 48;
his own sudden Death, 49.

George II., his Character, 41;
on the British Throne, 52;
he quarrels with Frederick William, 59;
Weakness of his Army, 65;
his Reasons for objecting to the “double Marriages,” 83;
his Reply containing the Ultimatum, 84;
he accedes too late to the Overtures of Frederick William, 122;
he assists Maria Theresa, 316;
his sudden Death, 516.

George III., his Character when Prince of Wales, 83;
his Marriage, 521.

George the Pious, Duke of Brieg, 231.

Giant Guards, Cost of, 61;
one of them robs a House, 126;
Frederick abolishes the Regiment after he becomes King of
Prussia, 192.

Ginckel, General, Dutch Embassador to Prussia; his Account of an
Interview with Frederick William (_note_), 109;
demands, in the Name of the Dutch Court, the Evacuation of
Silesia, 270.

Glatz seized by Frederick, 299;
Austrians drive out the Old Dessauer, and retake, 340;
Frederick, to deceive General Daun, rushes towards, 501.

Glogau, a fortified town in Silesia, 223;
Frederick invests it, 228;
assaulted and captured by Leopold, 245.

Goltz, Colonel, carries a Proposition to Lord Hyndford from
Frederick, 286;
his important Appointment and sudden Death, 522.

Görtz, M., employed on Bavarian Business, 552.

Götten, a Hanoverian Town, 243;
the Old Dessauer, with thirty-six Thousand Men, stationed
there, 258;
the Troops there menace England, 284.

Grottkau, Frederick advances towards, to join the Prince of Holstein
Beck, 250;
finds Austrians in Possession, 251;
after Mollwitz Austrians again retreat to, 262.

Grumkow, Baron, Bearer of a Letter to Sophie Dorothee, 75;
his Insolence to the Crown Prince, 101;
his Conference with Wilhelmina, 117;
he describes an Interview of Frederick William with the Crown
Prince, 125.

Gundling, a boon Companion of Frederick William, 47.


H.

Haddick, General, his peculiar Ransom from Berlin, 429.

Hartoff, M., Prussian Minister to the Hanoverian Court, 63.

Helvetius invited to visit Berlin, 540.

Henry, Prince, commands at Saxony, 449;
joins Frederick at Doberschütz, 469.

Hennersdorf, Frederick attacks the Austrians at, 366.

Herstal Castle transferred to Frederick William, 206;
Bishop of Liege purchases of Frederick the Great, 209.

Hilbersdorf, Frederick at the Mill of, 259.



Online LibraryJohn S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) AbbottHistory of Frederick the Second → online text (page 49 of 52)