John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott.

Napoleon at St. Helena; or, Interesting anecdotes and remarkable conversations of the emperor during the five and a half years of his captivity. Collected from the memorials of Las Casas, O'Meara, Moutholon, Antommarchi, and others online

. (page 1 of 79)
Online LibraryJohn S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) AbbottNapoleon at St. Helena; or, Interesting anecdotes and remarkable conversations of the emperor during the five and a half years of his captivity. Collected from the memorials of Las Casas, O'Meara, Moutholon, Antommarchi, and others → online text (page 1 of 79)
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MPOLEON AT ST. HELENA;

OR,

mTERESTING ANECDOTES AND REMARKABLE
CONVERSATIONS OF THE EMPEROR

DURING THE FIVE AND A HALF YEARS OF HIS CAPTIVITY.

COLLECTED PROM THE MEMORfALS OF

Ifis CasaS; (ID'JJlmii, 3ilnntljnlnii, antnmmErtiii, auli atjira.

BY JOHN S. C. "a B B T T.

IBitji 3llttstriitinii3.



•My son should not think of avenging my death.
■ Posterity will do me justice." — Napoleon.



NE W Y ORK:
HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS,

PEARL STREET, FRANKLIN SQUARE.

1855.



c"



s



^%^'



Enterctl, according to Act of Congress, in the j'ear one thousand eight
hundred and fifty-five, by

HARPER & BROTHERS,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Southern District of
Mew YiM'k.



PREFACE.



The Emperor Napoleon, by almost universal consent, is pronounced to be,
intellectually, the most illustrious of mankind. Even his bitterest enemies
are compelled to do homage to the universality and the grandeur of his gen-
ius. Lamartine declares him to be "the greatest of the creations of God."
In the following terms, Sir Archibald Alison testifies to his gigantic intelli-
gence :

"Never were talents of the highest, genius of the most exalted kind, more
profusely bestowed upon a Imman being. The true scene of Napoleon's
glory, and the most characteristic of the ruling passion of his mind, was his
cabinet. Those who are struck with astonishment at the immense informa-
tion and just discrimination which he displayed at the council-board, and the
varied and important public improvements which he set on foot in every part
of his dominions, will form a most inadequate conception of his mind, unless
they are at the same time familiar with the luminous and profound views
which he threw out on the philosophy of politics in the solitude of St. Helena.
Never was evinced a clearer proof of the truth, which a practical acquaint-
ance with men must probably have impressed upon every observer, that tal-
ent of the highest order is susceptible of any application, and that accident
or Supreme direction alone determines whether their possessor is to become
a Homer, a Bacon, or a Napoleon.

" It would require the observation of a Thucydides, directing the pencil
of a Tacitus, to portray, by a few touches, such a character ; and modern
idiom, even in their hands, would probably have proved inadequate to the
task. Equal to Alexander in military achievement, superior to Justinian in
legal information, sometimes second only to Bacon in political sagacity, he
possessed, at the same time, the inexhaustible resources of Hannibal, and the
administrative powers of Caesar."

The genius of Napoleon is astounding. All branches of human knowledge
seemed alike familiar to his gigantic mind. His conversations at St. Helena,
scattered through the numerous and voluminous memorials of those who
gleaned them, are replete with intensest interest. During the long agony of
his imprisonment and his death, he conversed with perfect freedom upon the
events of his marvelous career, and upon all those subjects of morals, politics,
and religion, which most deeply concern the welfare of our race. There is



iv PREFACE.

no mind which will not be invigorated by familiarity with these profound
thoughts, expressed with so much glow of feeling and energy of diction.

The author of this volume performs mainly but the unambitious task of
compilation. He desires to take the reader to St. lieleiia, and to introduce
him to the humble apartment of the Emperor. He would give him a seat
in the arm-chair, by the side of the illustrious sufferer reclining upon the sofa,
or lead him to accompany the Emperor in his walk among the blackened
rocks, and thus to listen to the glowing utterances of the imperial sage. The
literature of our language affords no richer intellectual treat than the con-
versations of Napoleon. Hitherto widely scattered in many volumes, and
buried in the midst of a multiplicity of details of but transient interest, they
have been inaccessible to the mass of readers. By presenting them in one
volume, they are within the reach of all who can appreciate the eloquence of
words and of thought.

John S. C. Abbott.

Brunswick, Maine, 1855.



CONTENTS.



CHAPTER I.

THE VOYAGE.

The Emperor seeks the Hospitalitj of Engarallel between the Revolutions of France and England — The Emigrants — Concurrence of

happy Circumstances in the Emperor's Career — The Spanish Bourbons — Arrival of the wooden

Palace — The Iliad — Characteristic Remarks — Hochc and other Generals 174

CHAPTER XIII.
1816, May. Continued.

Ridiculous Invitation sent by Sir Hudson Lowe — Napoleon at the Institute — At the Council of
State — On the Interior of Africa — The Marine Department — Decres — The Dictionary of Weath-
ercocks — The Reception — Angry Interview with the Governor — Remarks of the Emperor on his
Family " 192

CHAPTER XIV.
1816, May. Continued.
The Empe-or sleeping — The Governor arrests a Servant at Longwood — The Bible — Princess
Stephanie — Expulsion of Portalis — Political Reflections — Voltaire's Brutus — French Colony on
the St. Lawrence — Carnot — French Manufactures — Physiognomy — The English Soldiers salute
the Emperor — Corsica — Napoleon's Mother — Madam Chevreuse — The Conspirators — The Situ-
ation of England 214

CHAPTER XV.

1816, June.

Voltaire — Characteristic DifTerence between the English and the French — Affiected Anger of the
Emperor — Reflections on the Governor — Expenses of the Emperor's Household at the Tuileries
— Finance — Dictation resumed — Military Schools — Female Schools — Gil Bias — General Biza-
net — Religious Opinions — Portraits of the Directors — Anecdotes — 18th Fructidor 237



CONTENTS. y[{

CHAPTER XVI.

1816, June. Continued.

English Diplomacy — Lord ^Yh^tworth — Chatham — Castlereagh — Cornwalhs — Fox — Lacretelle's
History of the Convention — Puns — Public Characters — Bailli — La Fayette — Monge — Gregoire
— -St. Domingo — Dictations on the Convention Page 254

CHAPTER XVn.

1816, June. Continued.

The War and Royal Family of Spain — Errors — Ferdinand at Valen^ay — Historical Sketch of the
Events — The Moniteurs — The Liberty of the Press — The Conference at Tilsit — Anecdotes of the
Emperor of Russia — Of the King and Queen of Prussia — Anecdote of Savary — The Emperor's
Magnanimity 262

CHAPTER XVra.
1816, June. Continued;
Arrival of the Commissioners — Etiquette established by Napoleon — Mode of dictating — The Return
of the Monks — Departure of the Northumberland — Remarks on the History of the Russian Cam-
paign — Lord Holland — Arrival of Books — Ideas on Political Economy — Annoyance by the Rats
— Lord Castlereagh — French Heiresses — Allusion by Napoleon to his own History — Summary
of three Months , 275

CHAPTER XIX.

1816, July.

Pillage in War — Character of the French Soldier — Anecdotes of Brumaire-^Sieyes — Grand Elect-
or — Cambaceres — New Vexations — Little Tristam — Difficulty of judging Men — Junot : his
Wife — Bernadotte — Lannes — Murat : his Character and Death 291

CHAPTER XX.

1816, July. Continued.

The Works of Cherbourg — Designs of the Emperor — Audience given to the Governor — Faubourg
St. Germain — Aristocracy — Democracy — The Emperor's Intention to marry a French woman —
Difficulties in reforming Society — Etiquette at Longwood 301

CHAPTER XXL

1816, July. Continued.

Establishments for Mendicity — Illyria — Prisoners of State — Freedom of the French People — Egypt

— The Desert — Anecdotes — Paternal Advice — Remarkable Conversations — Cagliostro, Mesmer,

Gall, Lavater, Madam de Balbi — Conversation with the Admiral — Commissioners — Santini —

Nuns — Convents — Monks — The French Clergy 310

CHAPTER XXII.

1816, August.

^ Maria Antoinette — Manners of Versailles — -The Father of a Family — Napoleon's Sentimental Jour-
ney — Spirit of the Times — The 10th of August — Piedmont^Canals of France — Plans for Paris^
—Versailles — Fontainebleau — History of Europe — Turkey — The Regency — Gustavus IV. — Ber-
nadotte — Paul — Projects on India — War with Russia — Talleyrand — Madam de Stiiel ...... 325

CHAPTER XXIII.

1816, August. Continued.

Avoiding the Governor — The Emperor's Birth-day — Present from Lord Holland^ — Remarks on Re-
ligion — Angry Interview with the Governor — Regrets of the Emperor — Libels — General Sarraz-
zin — The Hypocrite — Threats of Sir Hudson Lowe 342



viii CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XXIV.

1816, August. Continued.

Protest against the Treaty of 2il August, 1815 — lleniarlvs on Russia — The Burning of Moscow —
Projects of Napoleon liad he returned victorious — Decrees of Berlin and Milan — Political De-
fense — Remarks to Captain Poppleton Page 356

CHAPTER XXV.

1816, Septe.mber.

Faded Dresses — The Campaign of Saxony — Reflections — The Massacres of the Tliird of Septemher

— Remarks on Revolutions — Ihihappy Fate of Louis XVI. — Letters of Madam de Maintenon —

Errors of the English Ministers — The Debt of England — The Emperor's Court at the Tuileries —

The l']mperor's Munificence — Guards of the Eagle — Lucien's Charlemagne 368

CHAPTER XXVI.

1816, September. Continued.

Scarcity of Food — The Emperor's Freedom from Animosity — The Bourbons — On Impossibilities —
Statistical Calculations — Sale of Plate — Fresh Vexations — Debt of St. Domingo — Plans of Ad-
ministration — On Sensibility — Holland and King Louis — The Emperor's Family — Business
Habits of the Emperor — Treasures of Napoleon 385

CHAPTER XXVII.
1816, October.
Fatalism — The Governor seeks another Interview — New Demands and Restrictions — Remarks to
Dr. O'Meara — Laws — Communication from Sir Thomas Reade — Reduction of Expenses — Influ-
ence of Public Opinion — The Emperor's Son — The Sacred Cause of \^^^shington and of Napo
leon — Great Grief of the Emperor 400

CHAPTER XXVIII.

1816, October. Continued

I'he Declaration to be signed — Perplexity and Dismay — The Emperor proposes an Incognito — Re-
marks of the Emperor upon this Subject — Savary — Fouche — Sieyes — Conversation with Sieves
— Anecdotes of the Emperor— Enthusiasm of the Parisian Populace — New Vexations — Four
removed from Longwood 414

CHAPTER XXIX.

1816, October. Continued.

Intellectual Employments — Sale of Plate — Madam de Stael — Baron Larrey — Remarks on the pe-
culiar Situation of the Emperor — Expenses at St. Helena — Marshal Jourdan — The Russian War
— The Chamber of Sickness — Lord Exmouth's Expedition — The Debt of England — Wellington
and Waterloo — Sailors — Heartlessness of the Governor — Affecting Scene — Immorality — Want
of Water — Playfulness of the Emperor — Thoughts on Italy 425

CHAPTER XXX.

1816, November.

«

Rupture of the Treaty of Amiens — Treatment of Prisoners — Exchange of Prisoners — Plan of em-
ploying Prisoners of ^^'ar — ^lagnificent Views in reference to Antwerp — Reason for refusinj:
the Terms olTercd at Chatillon — Confidence of the Emperor respecting the Verdict of Posterity
— Disinthrallment of the Jews — Marriages — Freemasons — Illuminati — The Jesuits — The Affair
of Mallet — The Emperor's Family — The Historical Atlas — Anecdotes 438

CHAPTER XXXI

1816, November, Continued

Remarks on Russia — Contrast between Pitt and Fox — Monopolies — Wants of the French Navy —
Remarks on the Imperial (^lovernment — Troubles in La Vendee — Remarks on Tragedy — Anec-



CONTENTS. ix

dotes — Remarks on Religion ; on Instinct — Blucher — The Treatment of Soldiers — The Neapoli-
tans — On Peace with England — Sir Sydney Smith — The Regeneration of Spain — Sir Hudson
Lowe — Duplicity of the English Government Page 450

CHAPTER XXXn.

1816, November. Continued.

Dumouriez — Leopold — The Tuileries — Monarchies and Republics — Hostility of the English Minis-
try — Designs of the Emperor — The Reorganization of Italy — Causes of the Emperor's Downfall
— Bernadotte — Wounds of the Emperor — Devotion of his Soldiers — The Return from Elba —
Plans after Waterloo — Talleyrand— The Sword of Frederick — The Second Marriage — Anecdote
— Dismissal of the Servant of Las Casas — Causes of Success — Alexander the Great — Caesar —
Hannibal — Frederick the Great — The Conscription — Lawyers — The Clergy 469

CHAPTER XXXIII.

1816, November. Continued.

Longwood invested — Dramatic Readings — Lord Liverpool — Lord Sidmouth — Lord Bathurst — Lord
Castlereagh — The Division of Europe — Remarks on Wellington and Waterloo — Character of the
French Ministers — Duroc — Marmont— Gaming — Memorable Remarks — A Hereditary Nobility
— Truth of History — The Bourbon Conspiracy — Pichegru — Moreau 484

CHAPTER XXXIV.

1816, November. Continued.

Secret Visit from the Servant of Las Casas — Arrest of Las Casas — His Imprisonment — Indigna-
tion of the Emperor — Fainting-fit of O'Meara 502

CHAPTER XXXV.

1816, December.

Decision of Las Casas to return to Europe — Remarks of the Emperor upon the Conduct of the
Governor — Remarks on Moreau, Desaix, Massena — Message to the Emperor from the Governor
— Indignant Remarks of the Emperor — Character of Alexander — The Expedition to Copenhagen
— The ,Call from Lady Lowe — Continued Imprisonment of Las Casas — Political Blunders of
Lord Castlereagh — The Manufactures of France 509

CHAPTER XXXVI.

1816, December. Continued.

Letter from the Emperor to Las Casas — Arrival of Sir Thomas Strange — Brutality of Colonel
Reade — Death of Moreau — Anecdote — Continued Imprisonment of Las Casas — Relentings of
the Governor — Views of the Emperor respecting his Situation — Las Casas forbidden to take
leave of the Emperor — Departure of Las Casas — His subsequent Persecutions 516

CHAPTER XXXVII.

1817, January.

New-Year's Gifts — Representations of Chateaubriand and of Sir Robert Wilson — Annoyance from
Rats — Secret Amours of Napoleon — The Invasion of England — Conduct of the Governor. . 527

CHAPTER XXXVIII.

1817, February.

IMessage from the Governor — Remarks of the Emperor upon his Treatment — Russia and the Em-
peror Paul — On the Invasion of India — Designs of Alexander — The Ambigu — The Return from
Elba — Character of the French — Newspapers withheld from the Emperor — Vigilance with
which the Emperor was guarded — Blunders of Lord Castlereagh — The Botanist who had seen
Maria Louisa 531



V CONTENTS

OHArriiu \\\ix

IS17. MvRvii

(■ *|«(i> AiiaortivM) of l.or\l OswtU^wagh — D'Mt^ara'a pivviona K»liiual»» of \\w KjujuMx^r — Naj»ohH>n'»

Ovmtulouoo u\ jUo \ oixlict of IVstiM-itv — TKo UUvIs of IVIlotior-^Tho inn> UttiUng—'Tho IHstrt'ss

u» Ku^l.uul — .Nrtjioloou"!* r»\>poMtiou to astiuiuo au luivijuili*^ W anion's Book — l\iueo Kosjeiu

.MvMaohtMni fho InvokM-llcr Pahu TI»o Now 'IVstamout -(.\>iuhiot v>ftho (Jovornor — T.ilUv

i-^Mut — Kouuurka wk KgN'm-Mouou — 'fho S«H*rt>t Monuvii-s — Ihiuiitg »ho Nations . . Pago 63i>

(Mivrrru \i.

IS 1 7, A OKU. aukl Max.

Ou AristwMov — ComwallU -ValsH' IXwunouts - l.orxl Whitworth — Comiuontlalion ot" tho Fnj;li»lt

>^^u>ou Habits of Writing I'loasaut Intoniow with Ailmual Maloolm — Koiuarks o» rtn'oiv-

iug l.\>xvl Amhorst — Tho IViuovss of W'alos Ihrinoo 1.oo|h>KI Tho Uo oslaMishuuiit of Polanil —

lVi>KviraWo Stato of l.ouis XV HI. — Kor\l l>athvn-st's Spotvh 555

CHArrKU Xl.l

tSl7, J» ,\K

l"ht> M»arhU> Rwst — Wvout frvMU l.aUv >UvUaiu( ami others — Grand Lama — .Murat — \\'atprloo —
Tho IVhvorv of tho Uvksl— "Iho Mvnhor of Na^Hvlc^Mj — Tt>i$tituony of Mrs AMI — MtHvssitv for
tho stwiul AKUoation — Arrival of l.orvl Anvhorst . . > 56l>

CHArrKU Xl.H
1817. Jotv.
Vrnnal <>4' the (V^K<fM,»— Makvlm — Valivlity of NajxJeon's Title to tho Cr\nvn — Brt^akfast with
t.>'MovATa — Stv>rv v*f Iho Bust — Lottor to Mr. Kavlwiok — Tho ^^^>^!ontati^>n of Lorvl Aiuhorst — Ro-
lu^urkahto VXivwrsAtion- — Vigilamv with which tho bhujn-rv^r was guarxKnl — Oaj»tain I'l^ihin^ono
— Tho ^^Ysout — ^(.^ausv' of tho \N'ar with Sjkmi*— Auo<\lott> — Contrv>vorsv with tho (.«ovt>raor —
hn^rvasiuij INranny , 575

CHAPTER XUH

ISIT. Ai'wvsT

KuuK^r of .• ■ Malta — Komarks «jx>n tho Knglish Mitustors — Tho Fmivrvv's Birth-day —

Ko»Kt'>o> • — l>li«vlman"s UutV^An«\\U»l»Ns — Tho Quotni of l\ussia — Mahi^ — Interest-

itt^ '■ Louisii* — Tho Ko*torati».m ol' the BvHjrbons — Dethronement of the SjKuush

VVi u -Talleyrand — t'owcht> — Oarnot 584

CHAnHK XUV
I8n. SsrrKJtBKK.

l»idtto". - ■' ' '^- '- <• Holona oh>.x!ten by Wollington — Remarks on Sir Hndsvu* Lowo — S<H4e»y
oJ' I ^v»— Tht' Maausori^U frwa JJ* Helena — Asunxloie of the lent Horse — Ki>S5s

Ooti-v,' - ^-><..Huako — Remarks ou the Koistrictioii* — Aristvx-ratio IVide 591

OHAFVmi XLY.

l!*n. tX^n»»BR, NOVKSISKK, &ud 1>KCVMBKR

•IS — The Rostrit.'tivuis relaxed — The IXiko of Reiehstavh deprived of hk IbImt^

\ Otis Oou'tiiard of himsett^—libt-ts — ConUiuie«.! Oimos of the Uoxomor — TW

»»w Hvhist.- 51>T

CHAPTKR XLYI-
1818

8*1 t.\»»Hht»v»\ of the Vn»pewr — Renv»»ks o» the rretK-lk Re\\>tu»io« — O'Meara insulted by Ibe Gt»-
»nix' ^oon l.ow^ ,t ^— New Instruetioits fr\>tu Lord Bachurst — IXxtnuts

11^" N ^ V »,>Meari ;o«.l by the Govomor — n*us in the Invasion ol'£i»-

:o Furv»p«f — IVparture of the B^lcotubes —
i—E-Ueasioa «rf Liberty — Dr. Stixko^.. 600



LIST OF UAAJm'liA'nONS.



XI



CHAPTER XLVII.

18 19.

New OiitragcH — Departure of MwJarn Montholon — Nohic Protcwt — Arrival of Dr, A ritommarchi
and thf; I'JcclcHUJHticsi — fJoiivcrKatiori with Aritornrnarchi — Th« JJooks arul th*; Portrait — ProtcKt
of Dr. Antomj/iarchi — fJor«i<;a aM a itctrcat — Amialjility of tlio IJrnperor — The Ancctstry of Na-
jjol<;orj J-'age (J12

GHAIIER XLVIJL
182^).

New-ycar'» Day — Gardening Operationu — Journal of the orderly Officer — RemarJw on Waterloo

and the Holy Alliance — Interview with the Dauj^hter of Sir Hudfion lyowe — Scenes at Fontaine-
hleaii — 'I'hc lOmperor'H filial Airection — Hirfh-day Prc«ent« — Proposal for Escape — AverKion to
Medicine — I'uhlic WorlcH of the Emperor — The Fiijh-haHin — Death of the PrinccHB Eliza — Ile-
mark-H on the Divorce — Tltc CIokc of the Year 626



CHAITEJ;. XIJX.
1821, .l\Ni:MiY to May.
'onripletion of llie new IIoubc — Lady Holland — Phrenology — Departure of Buonavita — Pro/rres*
of the DiKeaHc — Ii<;nriarkH to Dr. Ariiott — The Emperor's Will — Athciem — The la»t Letter — ^The



Dying-scene — Burial — Departure of the Companions of \apoleon .



635



LIST OF ILL USUI ATIONS.



16,

17.
18.
19
20.
21.
22.
23.
24
25.

26.
27.

28,



Napoleon's Ilcccplion on hoard the Bel- 29.

lerophon 13 30.

Searching the Emperor's Trunks 10 : 31.

Farewell to France 17 : 32.

Klehcr Afisassinated 22 33.

The Trial Shot 24 |

Napoleon appealing to Gasparin 2.0 i 34.

Napoleon and Junot 27 I 3.'>.

The First Dictation 28 30.

The First Sight of St. Helena 29 37.

The Northiirnherland and Myrmidon ap- 38.

proardiing St. Helena 29 39.

The Rock of St. Helena 31 40.

Vievif of The Briers 31 ! 41.

Napoleon's Room 32 42.

The Emperor and Las Casas at The Bri- 43.

crs 37 I 44.

Respect the Burden 40 45.

Madam Montesquieu and the King of

Rome 41 40.

The Infernal Machine 47 47.

.Najioleon and poor Tohy 50 48.

Portrait of .losephine 51 49.

Viev/ of Longwood 50 50.

Plan of Longwood 58

Napoleon and the Farmer 01 51.

The Emperor wounded at Ralisbonne, . 03

Napoleon descending the Ravine GO 52.

The Sailors of the Northumberland vis- 53.

iting their Shipmate 09 54.

Tfie Drunken Sentinel 72 j 55.

Battle of Austerlitz 80 50.

Death of Lannes 81 I 57.



Page

Death of Duroc 82

The Emperor on the Ciiff 84

Death of .Murat 87

"Tyrannical Act of a Ueurper" 89

The English SoIdicrB tsaluting the Em-
peror . 91

Napoleon examining the Accounts .... 90

The Emperor and the Pea;-!ant Woman 100

The Game of Chess 104

Portrait of Marshal Nfr 100

Portrait of the Empress .Mariu. Louisa . Ill

The Emperor's Return to the Tuilcries 1 15

Execution of Marslial Ney 118

The Emperor asleep at Wagram 121

Portrait of Marshal Soult 123

The Fanatic of Shoenhrunn 131

Portrait of Talleyrand 138

Napoleon receiving the Command from

the Convention 140

The Emperor's PuJsidcnce at Elba 144

Napoleon and Metternich in Council . . 153

The Emperor crossing Poland 157

The golden Acorn 159

" And yet they have dared to say that I

could not write" 102

Interview with the Abbe de Pradt at

Warsaw 105

The Retreat from Russia 108

The Bosphorus 170

The Birth-house of Napoleon 173

Napoleon's Apartment at Longwood . . 177

Interview with Sir Hudson T>owe ... 179

The Return of the Bourfions 182



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



58. The Returned Emigrant IHi

59. Portrait of Charles Bonaparte, the Fa-

ther of Napoleon 186

60. Napoleon and Hoche 189

61. The Captive and his Jailer 202

62. Portrait of Louis Bonaparte, the Broth-

er of Napoleon 209

63. Portrait of Hortensc, the Daughter of

Josephine 210

64. Portrait of Madam Letitia, the mother

of Napoleon 211

65. Portrait of Jerome Bonaparte, the Broth-

er of Napoleon 213

66. Malmaison 222

67. Portrait of Carnot 223

68. Bay of Ajaccio, Coi-.sica 226

69. Portrait of Lucien Bonaparte, the Broth-

er of Napoleon 228

70. Arrest of George Cadoudal 232

71. The Emperor at Breakfast 262

72. Interview with the Spanish Princes . . . 266

73. Torture-room of the Spanish Inquisition . 268

74. The three Sovereigns at Tilsit 273

75. The Emperor dictating 276

76. Scenery at St. Helena 277

77. The Retreat from Waterloo 278

78. Napoleon chosen Corporal 288

79. The Sentinel and the Little Corporal . . 289

80. Honor to unfortunate Courage 292

81. The Emperor and Little Tristam . . 297

82. Portrait of Murat 301

83. The March through the Desert 316

84. The Ruins of Egypt 317

85. The Attack upon the Tuilerics 328

86. Napoleon descending the Alps 334

87. Valley at St. Helena 339

88. The Coronation 348

''89. The Conflagration of Moscow 363

90. The Emperor's Bivouac 367

91. Eylau after the Battle 372

92. The Emperor in the Wagoner's Shop. 373

93. The Emperor dictating 388

94 Portrait of Joseph Bonaparte, the Broth-
er of Napoleon 393

95. Napoleon incognito 421



Page

96. The Emperor and the Market-woman. 423

97. Baron Larrey 427

98. Portrait of Pauline the Sister of Napo-

leon . 449

99. The Emperor contemplating Constan-

tinople 452

00. The Infernal Machine 462

01. Napoleon at Montereau 465

02. The Bomb-shell 476

03. The Emperor examining the Fortifica-

tions 485

04. The Governor and his Aids 504

05. Arrest of Las Casas 505

06. Examining the Papers of Las Casas. . 507

07. The Fall of Moreau 520

08. Death of Bessieres 521

09. Death of Poniatowski 535

10. Interview with Lord Whitworth 556

11. Napoleon 573

12. Adieu to O'Meara 610

13. Napoleon receiving the Portrait of his

Son 618

14. The Emperor a Gardener 624

15. The Emperor Gardening 627

16. The Fish-basin 629

17. Portrait of Eliza, the Sister of Bona-

parte 633

18. Napoleon with his Wife and Child. . . 634

19. The embarrassed Interview 635

20. The new House 636

21. Chamber of Sickness 640

22. Napoleon dictating his last Letter . . . 647

23. The Emperor receiving the Sacrament

of the Lord's Supper 649

24. The Storm 651

25. The Dying-scene 652

26. Napoleon's Grave 656

LIST OF MAPS.

1. Siege of Toulon 26

2. The Turkish Empire 109

3. Map of Waterloo 279

4. St. Helena 290

5. Lower Egypt and Syria 550



lAPOLEON AT ST. HELENA.



CHAPTER I.



THE VOYAaE.



The Emperor seeks the Hospitality of England — Doomed to St. Helena — His Trunks searched —
Removed to the Northumberland, — The Russian Campaign — Adieu to France — Habits on Ship-



Online LibraryJohn S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) AbbottNapoleon at St. Helena; or, Interesting anecdotes and remarkable conversations of the emperor during the five and a half years of his captivity. Collected from the memorials of Las Casas, O'Meara, Moutholon, Antommarchi, and others → online text (page 1 of 79)