John Scott Clark.

A practical rhetoric for instruction in English composition and revision in ... online

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demi-
dis-

di-

dif- (before f)



e- (before d,

ef- (bef <
ex-






SIGNITICATIOM. XXAMPLB.

^a-vert
ab-duct
abs-tain

ad-apt

a-gree

ac-cept

af-fluent

ag-gravate

' *^ ' am-munition

an-nouDce
ap-praise
ar-raign
as-similate
,at-te8t
am-putate
amb-igiious
ante-date
anti-cipate
benevolent
bi-fiect

bis-cuit (French)
circum-spect
circu-it
con-tract
co-equal
cog-nate
col-league

corn-pound
cor-rode

^contra-position
contro-vert
counter-weigh

= down, from, de-cUne, de-cry
aioay

de-fend
de-sert
= half demi-groat

( dis-sipate
apart - di-vide

differ
e-duce
e-licit
ef-face



out off out .



e-merge

e-nate

ex-pire



DETINrnOM.

to turn /rom
to lead /rom
to hold /rom

tofltfo

to be pleasing to

to take to

flowing to

to add to

to bind to

defence to

to report to

to put a price to

to speak to

to make similar to

to bear witness to

to cut around

moving around

to date before

to take before

wishing vxU

to cut mto two pieces

twice cooked

looking about

a journey around

to draw together

equal with

bom together

one united with in the

same office
to put together
to rub off, or together

a placing over against
to turn against
to weigh against

to bring doum, to cry

down
to drive away
to part /rom
aAaJ/groat
to cause to go apart
to keep apart
to bear apart, disagree
to bring or draw out
to draw out
to scratch out, remove

from
growing out
to rise out of
to breathe oui



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PBEOIBION.



91



extra-

In-

il- (before 1)
im- (before p and

m)
ir- (before r)
en-, em- (French).

inter- \ •.

intel- (before 1) f

intra-
intro-

Juxta-

male- (Fr. mal)

nou-

ob-

o-

oc-

of-

op-

per- (Fr. par)
pel- (before 1)



s beyond



and not



post-

pre-
preter-

pro- (Fr. por and ) _
pour) V"

pol- (rarely) )

re- 1 =

red- f

retro- =

se- J =

sed- I"

semi- =

snb-

Buc- (before c)
Buf- (before f )
sug- (before g)

sum- (before m)
sup- (before p)
BUT- (before r)
BUS- (before s)

sabter-

saper- (Fr. 8ur)
trans- (Fr. tres,

tre)
tra-

alra-



: between and
among

: tJiMde of
: within and

into
•.near
-.ill
: not

: in front of,
against,

OTOUt

: though,
thoroughly,
by (when
alone)
= after

= before
= beyond

■ for, forth,
forward

■ ba>ck, again,
anew

: backward

: aside, apart,
away

.half



extra-tropical

in-sert

illuminate

im-merge

im-pious

ir-reparable

en-due

em-pale

inter-micate

intel-ligent

intra-marginal

intro-spect

juzta-position

mal-evolent

non-conforming

ob-trude

o-mit

oc-cur

of-fend

op-posite

X)er-meate

pel-lucid
post-date

pre-scient
preter-yection

( pro-pulsion



: under, from
under,
after



= under,

beneath
= above, over
= across, be-
yond, through, <



f pro-tend
j re-turn
I re^dient
retro-vert
( se-clude

sed-ition
semi-liquid
'sub-vene
succumb
suf-fer

SUg-gPSt

sum-mon
sup-port

^sus-pect

subter-ranean

super-add
( trans-mit



^"ZVLuy jultra-montaue



beyond the tropics.

to put in

to throw li^ht on

to plunge tnto

not pious

not reparable.

to put on to

to shut in

to shine between or

among
choosiDg between
inside of the margin
to look into or within

a placing near
t'W-disposed
not conforming
to thrust in front of
to leave out
to run against
to strike against
placed over against

to pass through the pores

of
thoroughly clear

to date after the real

time
knowing before
the act of carrying be-
yond
the act of driving for-

ward
tx> Btretch forth
bring or send back
going back
to turn backward
to shut up apart from

others
a going aside
;iaZ/ liquid
to come under
to lie down under
to undergo
to biing to mind from

under
to hunt from under
to bear up under

to look under

lying ttTiderground

to add over and above
to cause to pass over or

through
to pass over

beyond the mountains



Greek.



a-

an- (before
vowels)

ampbi-



I = around,bot7i, j amphl-bious
I on both sides \



that which cannot be cut
without pain

living in both land and
water



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92



PRACTICAL BHETOmC.



anU-

ant-

apo-

ap-
cata-
cath-
cat-



dia-

dis-

dl-

dys-

oc-

ex- (before
vowels)
en-
em- (before m, b,

el- (beltore 1)

epi-

ep- (before a

vowel)
en-
ev- (before a

vowel)
heml-
hyper-

hypo-
metH-

met- (before

vowels)
ortho-
para-
par-
peri-
philo-
phil- (before

vowels)
pro-
pros-
syn-
sy.
syl-

VJTCL-



= up to, again^
hack^
throughout

= against,
(^posite to'



\ • = au}ayy out



an-alogy
antl-pode
ant-agonist



t apo-strophe
1 ap helion
r doum. about, I cata-comb
against^ < cath-olio
throughout ( cat-astrophe



= through or
(icroaa

= tux>t double

= forth, out, j
ot*to/ I

= in,on



= tfpon, for

= weUy good \

=:half

= over, beyond

= under

I = beyoTid, j
[ transferrencei

right, straight

by the sides

of, near J

around,round






loving

: before
: to

: with,

together



dia-phragm

dis-syllable

di-atomio

dys-pepsia

ec-lectio
ex-egesia

fen-grave
j em-phasis

t ellipsis
( epi-taph

ei>-hemeral

euphonious
ev-angel

hemi-sphere
hyper-bole

hypo-crisy

meta-morphosis
met-onymy

ortho-graphy
para-llel
par-helion
peri-patetic

( philo-logist
( phil-harmonic

pro phet

pros-elyte

syn-agogue

sy-Btem

syl-logism

sym-phony



a reasoning back

one whose feet are di*

rectly opposite
one who fights against

another
a turning atoay
atoay from the sun
a cavitv doum ward
throughout the whole
that which is turned

against
that which fences

throuph
a word of two syllables
consisting of two atoms
iU digestion

choosing out of
a guiding /orm

to write upon
stress on



that which is written

tfpon something
lasting /or a day

sounding well
good news

half a sphere

a statement beyond the

truth,
acting under a mask

a tramiferrence in shape
transferrence in name

the art of spelling right
by the side of each other
by the side of the sun
walking around

one devoted to language
loving music

one who speaks before
to win to a religion
a meeting together
part toith part
a reckoning all together
a sounding together



Saxon,



at


= a<


After


= after


all


= all


be


= gives a trans




itive force


for


= privation.




opposition


fore


)


forth


y=before


fro


)


In


^in


mis





= in, on, at, etc. a-head, abroad, aside, alive, etc.
at-one, at-onement.
after-math, after-part, after-ward
al-mighty, a-Ione, lonely, also

■ be-deck, be-dizen, be-dew, be-draggled, etc.

• for-bear, for-bid, for-glve, etc.

fore-close, fore-stall, fore-cast, fore-run. etc
< forth-with, forth-coming
fro-ward
in-bred, in-ure
mis-spell, mis-judge, mis-take, mis-trust



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PRECiaiON.



93



off
on
oat
over

to

nn

under



^t



= negative force
=ifrom

= beyoivd
s= ove»% above
I = a corruption j



ith



( otthe'
= negation
\= under,
f beneath
= tip
= opposition



n-either, n-ever, n-one

off shoot, off -set, off-scouring

ou-set, on-ward

out-break, out-cry, out-growth

over-take, over-haul

to-day, to-morrow
un-wise, un-willh]g, un-daunted
under-score, under-value, under-sell
up-hold, up-right, up-set
with-hold, witL-staud, with-draw



SUPFIXES.

Latin and Greek.



-able

-ible
-ble



-aoeons

-acious



-acy
-asre

-al

-an

-ane

-anoe

-ancy

-and

-end

-ant

-ent

-ar

-er
-or

-ary

-ate

-atic (-aticus)
-cle

•cule



-eer

-tor



y=po8stbaiiy

I = relation^
) resemblance

I = o/, having
) the quality of



\'






condition,
office

: condition^
collection of

: relating to,
the act o/,
that which

: relating to,
tfte act of

state or qual-
ity of bein,g



beingy one
who

= relating to
(agency), like

= relating to,
one who,
place where



endur-able

repreheus*ible

Bolu-ble

cardi-ac

foli-aceous

fall-acious

suprem-acy

cur-acy

bond-age

origin-al
reprov-al
coron-al
hum-an
mundane
'repent-ance

ezuber-ancy

I vi-and

leg-end

aspir-ant

militant

resid-ent

muscular

produc-er
, direct or

second-ary

legion-ary



}=



a^ent, qual-^
ttyt cause "^



small

one to tohom



one who



api-ary

substanti-ate

leg-ate

carbon-ate

lun-atic
j tubercle
1 reti-cule

consign-ee

chariot-eer
flnanc-ier



that may be endured
that may be blamed
that may be dissolved

relating to the heart

having the quality of a
leaf

having the qvAility of
deceit

condition of being su-
preme

office ofsL curate

condition of slaves

relating to the origin
the act of reproving
that which crowns
relating to mankind
relating to the world
the state of being pen-
itent
the state of being exuber-
ant



one who asnires

being warlike

one who dwells in a place

relating to a muscle

one who produces

one who directs

relating io the second

one wJw belongs to a le-
gion

a place where bees are
kept

to cause to exist

one who is sent

quality of carbon

small projection

a sniatl bag

one to whom a thing is
consigned

one who has chai-ge of a
chariot

one who attends to fi-
nances



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94



PRACTICAL BHETOmC



-elOe)

-in
-«ne

-ence

-eucy



}=



•escent

-ess

-ferons

-fio
-floe

-fy

-lo

-leal
-foe

-ide

-iC8

-ic
.id
-lie

-ine

-ion

-ins
-iiili

-Ise

-ize

-ism

-iflt

-ite

-yte



-ire

-ix
-lent



-mony



-on
-eon



=: relating to

1= state of
beiruf,
quality of

= agent t being

\ = 8tateof
I becoming

= becoming

= female

= bearing
\ = making^
I caueing

^ = something
made
= toi



= onewhOtUke

^ = like^made of^
relating to
= that which



: the science

of
: be/no, or ing
: relating <o, J

apt for \
• relating to. j

Mfcc 1

}= fA« oc^ o/, r
-t'ng, J

: to render^ to
perform the-
act of

- the state or
act of, idiom

= oneskiUedin

= one who is,
being

= the state or
quality of -
being

= one who is.
having the -
power

- feminine

- state of
being, that-<
which

\ = state of,
\ that which



mors-el

ali-en

sat-in

terr-ene

perman-enoe

pot-ency

presid-ent

evid-ent

adol-escenoe

' patr-escent
tiger-ess
argeuti-feroiis

j terrific

j edifice

recU-fy

crit-lc

tra«^-io

botan-ical

notice

art-icle

ipolit-ic8
arithmet-ic
florid
infantile
serv-ile
can-ine
adamant-ine
content-ion
convuis-ion

act-ion
dimin-ish

enfranch-ise
civilize

American-ism

fanatic-ism

machin-ist

scient-ist

favor-ite

neoph-yte

vivac-ity

diTisibU-ify

certain-fy

relat-ive

invent-ive

executr-iz

▼iru-lent

sonmo-lent

prefer-ment
atone-ment

j patri-mony

[ parsi-mony
glutt-on
pig-eon



relating to the earth

the quality of being per-
manent

the quality of being
powerful

one who is appointed to
preside

beiny seen

stotoo/ growing

becoming putrid
a/emole tiger
bearing silver

oaio^ terror

something built

to make right
one who criticises
relating to tragedy

relating to botany

that which is made
known

the science of govern-
ment

the science of number

being bright

relating to infancy

apt /or service

relating to a dog

like adamant

the act of contending

the state of being con-
vulsed

acting

to make smaller

to render free
to render civil

American idiom
the state of a fanatic
one skilled in machinery
one devoted to scif uce
one who is favored
one who takes new vows
t?ie state of being lively
the qv£UHy of being di-
vided
the state of being certain
one who is related
having the power to in-
vent
a female executor



a^t of being preferred
that which atones

that which is inherited

from an ancestor
state of illiberality



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PRECISION.



96



-ory



-ous
ry
-son
-som
-ter
-tery
-tor

-tade



-ty

-ale
-ulent

-nre

-y



f = agency,
I quality

\ = place where,
[ tliat which

I = abounding



1= condition or
quality of
= state or
quality oft •
being
= minute
I = a&oundtng

i = ocf or state j ten-ure

I of, th^t which I vest-ure

= act or state o/miser-y



j fact-or
< govem-or
( ard-or
j refect-ory

promontory

verb-ose

nerv-ous

poetry, pedant-ry

sea-son

transom

vo-ter

mys-tery

moni-tor

recti-tude

simili-tude



one who makes
th^t which governs
quality of burning
a. place where provisions

are served
th^t which projects
abounding in words
abounding in nerves



plen-ty

ov-ule
■j truc-ulent



quality c
conditio



^ o/ being right
condition of likeness



a little egg

abounding in cruelty

cuit of holding
that which clothes
state of being miserable



Saxon.



-ard

-er

-yer

-ster

-d

-dom

-el

-en

-fast

-ess

-fold

-ful

-head

-bood

'ing

-iKli

-kin

-less

-let

-ling

-like

-ly

-m

-ness

-ock

-ric

-ship

-scape

-some

-teen

-ther

-ward
-wise
-J



. = agent, speaker,
= instrument



= passive signification

= condition, quality

= diminutive
\ = causative, diminutive
f = made of, feminine

= firm

= feminine

= numeral (I fold)

= fuU

= state

= state of
I = verbal ending
\ = diminutive

= quality of

= diminutive

= loss

= diminutive

= diminutive

[=like



= state of
= diminutive
= power
I = shape, form, condition

= participating in

= ten

= agent, instrument

= ten

= direction

= manner

= adjective ending



'slugg-ard

farm-er

saw-yer
.pun-ster

dee-d, like-d

martyr-dom

satch-el
j striv-en, kitt-en, silk-en
1 vix-en

stead-fast

seamstr-ess

mani-fold

help-ful. cheer-ful

bulk-head

child-hood, man-hood
J mak-ing, reek-ing
1 farth-ing

self-ish. rak-ish

lamb-kin

heart-less, child-less

brook-let

duck-ling, strip-ling
} God-like, home-like
( woman-ly

bloo-m from blow, stea-m from
stew

wild-ness, sad-ness

hili-ock

bishop-ric
J clerk-ship, wor-ship
1 land-scape

blithcrsome, ful-some

flf-teen

fa-ther

flf-ty

heaven-ward, back-war4

side-wise, length- wise

rain-y, cloud-y



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96 PBACTIOAL BHETOBIO.

EXEBCISES IK PBECISION.

1. ''But the November wind, entering through the
broken panes and the windows, (224) did far more to sub-
due the spirit of mischief/'

2. '' Oliver Goldsmith embodies (200) an eminent illus-
tration of this/'

3. ''The summer with its burning July and August
suns (224) typifies the intensity of youth/'

4. " He was brought up by wealthy parents, who de-
signed (200) him to marry a kinswoman of his who had
been reared in the same house/'

5. " He demanded a restoration to the common people
of their former liberties. " (227. )

6. "He had been misconstrued (200) by his enemies."

7. "The younger of the two daughters is dependent,
fearful, (200) and drooping,"

8. "First in the vocabulary (200) of good times we
would place a trip to the country."

9. " We drove under the freight track that goes (200)
around the city."

10. "It is to the glory of the nineteenth century that so
many things (200) are open to women in America, even to
college professorships in (224) our universities."

11. " These bluffs present rather (200) a singular appear-
ance, as the softer part of them (200) has been worn away.''

12. "A lunch-basket formed a principal feature (200)
of the party."

13. " He wished to ward off the depredations (200) of
his property."

14. " One of the frequent southern storms has come up
with very little notice." (200. )

15. " The sun shines brightly again, and the tiny drops
of water sparkle as they reflect the rays of the sunlight."
(224.)



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PItECISIOJf. 97

16. '^ Besides (201) the animals already mentioned^ are
found bears and other game/'

17. ^' His behavior aggravated (200) me beyond measure.''

18. '^The methods employed by them in a great measure
(227) are peculiar to themselves. '^

19. "Their manly course of action serves to decrease
(200) any feeling of disrespect.''

20. ''We need no better example (200) than is afforded
in our own time by England's queen, that one may take the
highest rank among her fellows and still be a high-souled,
pure-minded woman."

21. '' This piece (200) contains much useful information
told (200) in the form of a story."

22. "The Freshmen disobeyed legal (224) law: they
committed theft."

23. "Because a few Freshmen enjoy stealing cream, their
conduct ought (200) not to be justified."

24. "Our politicians have some of the same unprincipled
(200) characteristics : they wish the nation to bow to all
their notions." (200.)

25. "As long as woman is kept in ignorance, there will
be a tendency, when opportunity affords itself (211), to talk
upon a subject that does not require much thought."

26. " But when the antislavery question stirred (217) the
hearts of all, it furnished him with a theme that awoke his
latent fire and enthusiasm."

27. " The scene of the novel (200) covers several years,
and is laid at different places in Europe."

28. "Alfred's rival, (223) Duke de Savois, is a French
gentleman of high birth."

29. " To his cry, 'Oh, return ; I repent !' the dark night
alone bears witness. " (200. )

30. " The church should not mete (200) the bounds of
amusement."

7



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98 PRACTIOAL BEETORIC.

31. "Witness her loving attendance (200) on the whims
and fretfuhiess of her father/'

32. *^He was tall and strongly built, with luminous,
gray, (213) magnificent eyes, and luxuriant dark-brown hair
of great softness/'

33. "The college is tolerant towards all religions/' (200.)

34. "After years of political honors, (212) he again re-
tired to priyafce life."

35. "When we found (228) it was still raining, we re-
packed pur trunks."

36. "Why is it that people worn out with the toil and
turmoil of trade wish to fly away to the enchanting em-
brace (221) of rural life r

37. " Scott possessed the same power of voluptuous im-
agination of (200) Moore."

38. " Suppose that all the people should assemble to draw
up a code of laws and (210) vote upon each by ballot."

39. ^^ But when oddness and eccentricity spot and blemish
it so that it becomes disfigured and tarnished, (224) its
power to attract is soon lost."

40. ^^ I venture (223) that no one could do more in a life-
time than write a perfect history of the Onondaga Valley."

41. ^^ Andr6 at first hesitated to undertake so dangerous
a plan, (200) for he well knew what might be the result."

42. " Also (227) in the trial it was shown that he had
been in correspondence with Arnold for nearly two years."

43. "I had often passed through the valley on the cars,
(200) but could thus catch only glimpses of the scenery,"

44. "The prize system tends to incite (200) all with
greater zeal."

45. *^ So long as he is industrious he gets along respect-
fuUy." (201.)

46. *^ By reading the papers he knows (200) what is oc-
curring in distant parts of the world."



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PRECISION. 99

47. '* Balance of power is the means of inferiors for hnm^
bling a superior. '' (223. )

48. " This may be pari;ially true, but it is not entirely.'^
(223.)

49. "They at once (227) showed fori;h the beauty and
the purity of his soul.^'

60. "America joyfully hailed the slavery (200) songs of
Whittier.^'

61. " There are many grand (200) good people among the
residents of this city.'^

62. "As it is only a short distance through the trees^
(200) we soon reach the clearing and find (228) the fort is
not more than sixty rods distant/'

63. "The wall is quite irregular, as, in many places,
wide gaps have been broken through.^' (200.)

64. ^'In the life of Sheridan there are three actuating
characteristics; a steady determination, fertility of re-
sources, (212) and a strong energy to enforce (200) his de-
signs. ''

65. ^* When a newly fledged lieutenant, his strategy (200)
was brought into effect in a battle with the Indians. '^

66. "Soon the leaves began to rustle, the sky was over-
cast, and the flashes of lightning were (217) blinding. '^

67. **Mr. Phillips became a leading member of the
much-hated abolitionists. '^ (200.)

68. " But when thinking his argument over afterward,
they discovered (228) they were not convinced. '*

69. "By this science the architects take (200) their plans
for the structure (201) of temples, palaces, and bridges.'*

60. ** Petition after petition was sent (223) Alexander
II. , entreating him to modify the autocracy or to change in
any (222) respect the official system.''

61. "Although Damey proves to be the son of the Mar-
quis, notwithstanding (200) the Doctor works with all his
energy for his release."



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100 PJEtAOTICAL BHBTORia

€3. '^The blood-stained demons must drink his blood
(224) as (223) an aristocrat/'

63. ^* Yet we find this (228) is only the rough covering
of a peculiarly sensitive nature/'

64. ^* All his life, he was chafed (200) by slender means.''

65. ** Thus we have a conglomeration of words which so
little (200) represent the spoken word."

66. ^'The scene is laid in a small hamlet in the lowlands,
and the story is described (200) in a very simple way."

67. ^' Hetty is a very beautiful, but frivolous, light-headed
(212 and 224) girl."

68. **She decides that she cannot even (227) let Dinah
know of her shame."

69. ''She determines several times to throw herself into
some pool and end her misery, but her determination (200)
fails her."

70. ''A few days before her execution, Dinah comes to
her and wins (200) her to confess."

71. '' We set out about the first of August, hoping that
three weeks (223) would see us much improved in health
and size." (200.)

72. ''There are two German churches besides (201) the
Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian churches." (224.)

73. " The only recreation Miss Ainslie has is (223) the
rides which she takes on her brother's old war horse."

74. "The building is the (223) shape of an oblong box."

75. "The summer-houses shield beautiful, bubbling
springs, whose water, clear as crystal, gurgles forth, spread-
ing (200) life to plant and animal."

76. " The sanitarium supports (200) a high moral tone."

77. " The value of a navy was shown in the earliest pages
(200) of history."

78. " We realize in him a type of men (212) often seen in
our late campaign/'



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PBEciaioir. 101

79. *' Hie words flowed as from a full, throbbing (200)
spring/'

80. "They seek out Shylock, a well-known usurper,
(200) who, at first, pretends that it is impossible to raise so
large a sum.''

81. "But when Cartwright became grown up (200) he
moved to Illinois."

82. "We find immigrants to be refugees from the laws
(200) of their native land."

83. "His tall, erect stature (200) and (223) polished
manners made him the centre of attraction."

84. ^'The records of crimes (212) and wrong-doings (212)
show that, in proportion to the population, the number of
crimes has decreased."

85. "Under the enervating (200) influences that were
about me I felt almost inspired."

86. "At this season of the year the teamsters are accus-
tomed to carry (200) logs and spars from the forest to the
ifailroad station."

87. "Does not this prove that it is lawful and (223)
should meet the approval of all good citizens ?"

88. ^*The heroism and self-sacrifice of patriotic armies
may be most effective, (218) but in the absence of law their
work is a failure."

89. "This was near the beginning of that bloody period
(200) known as the ' Wars of the Eoses.' "

90. ^'The possibility of winning a prize is a powerful
stimulant." (201.)

91. ^* There were many other interesting features of this
vacation*s work, only a part of which (218) are mentioned
here."

92. "I have endeavored to seek the truth, taking my
work (200) only from reliable witnesses."

93. "One of the most important points (200) brought
against the Chinese is that their labor is servile."



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103 PRACTICAL BEETORia

94. ''Near this a pair of stairs is built (200) to the depths
below/'

95. ''Being a man imbued (200) with a most complete
knowledge of scientific principles^ he accomplishes great
results/'

96. "He. approaches one of the most wealthy (200) resi-
dences situated in the midst of a large park.''

97. "Wendell Phillips was gentlemanly in all his bear-
ings, (212) but never above the lowest of his subjects."



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