John Sims.

Curtis's botanical magazine, or, flower-garden displayed : in which the most ornamental foreign plants, cultivated in the open ground, the green-house, and the stove, are accurately represented in their natural colours ... online

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Online LibraryJohn SimsCurtis's botanical magazine, or, flower-garden displayed : in which the most ornamental foreign plants, cultivated in the open ground, the green-house, and the stove, are accurately represented in their natural colours ... → online text (page 5 of 9)
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ing was taken in June 1804, at George Hibbert's, £fq. at

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SuE^rd,^ Pub. iyTCurUs, S^<^:Crg/c£rU ApriiS(^S FSw.r.

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C '830 ]


Hkaded Achyranthes.

»i | t»4ti | mn | t<li | ii ( t»i | ti l n | n | tm

Clafs and Order.
Pentandria Monogynia.

Generic CharaSer.

CaU 5-phyllus, bafi g-fquamdfus. Cor. o. Stamina bafi
coalita in tubulum fcjuainulis interpofitis. Stilus i. Stigma u
Sem. folitaria.

Specific Cbar^iler and Synonyms.

ACHYRANTHES porrigens ; caule fruticofo, capituHs tcr-

minalibus ovalibus nudis, foliis oppofitis

ACHYRANTHES porrigens : foliis oppofitis, lanccolatis,

fpicis ovatis, acutis. Jacq. Hort. Schoenb.

350. Bot. Repof. 380.

This pretty fhrub was brought from Paris in the year 1802,
by Mr. Woodford, under the name of Gomphren A/r«//V?/i,
and it is not without regret that we follow Jacquin in con-
fidering it rather as a fpecies of Achyranthes than Gomphrena,
to which laft it appears fo much more nearly allied in habit^
but not fo in the parts of fru£lification. It is not however im-
probable but that future obfervers will find that fome other
fpecies of the latter genus may be united with this into one
diftin£l from either.

The flowers are collefted into a compaft oval capitulum,
have three unequal hairy fcales or braQes at the bafe of each,
|l^e cs^yx (the fame part however in Gomphrena is called by


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LiMNi£us corolla) confifts of five lanceolate, keeled, ibarp^
pointed leaflets ; within thefe are five fmall fcales or petals
fimbriated at the tips, of the fame bright crimfon colour as the
calyx, but three times fmaller ; thefe appear to be united to-
gether with the filaments into a tube at the bafe, but their
union if real is flight; this part correfponds with what Lin«
Ni£us calls the ne6tarium in Gomphrena, alternating with
thefe, and of the fame length, are five filaments with fmall
round anthers ; thefe either fall oflF very early or there are as
in Amaranthus many female flowers without flamens. The
ovary is fuperior, free, globofe, terminated with a ftraight
llyle and round villous lligma.

Has been hitherto treated as a hardy flove plant, in which
fituation it continued in flower, though not expanded, through
the whole of the winter, and feems peculiarly fuited to enliven
the bouquets at this feafon when, of^the few flowers that occur,
there are hardly any to be met with which poifefs fuch a brilliant
colour. It has the further advantage of preferving its form
and colour^ when dried as well as the Globe-Amiiranthus*
Propagated by cuttings.

Our drawing was taken in the middle of January from a
very fine fpecimen at Mr. Barr's, Nurferyraan, BallVPond,
Iflington. Its native country is unknown, but is probably
Soud^*America, as wc infer from its near affinity with Com*
PH^ENA brajilienfis^

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SyAEA^^nl U Fuh by T Curtis ,r^^><' (Wfr,ftt Apri lAW, FSa^rC,^ ..,j, ,

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C 831 3
Anagallis IFruticosa^ Shrubby

Ciafs and Otder.


Generic Qmraaer.
Cor. routau Cap/, circumfcifla.

Specific Cbara3er and Synonyms.

ANAGALLIS fruticofa : foliis ternis cordato-lanceolatis am-
plexicaulibus^ caule fraticofo tereti : ramif
anguloGs. Ventenat. PL SeteS. i8#

ANAGALLIS grandtflora. Bot. Repof. 367.

Moft of the known fpecies of Anagallis fo nearly refemble
each other^ that it is not eafy to find botanical charaQers that
vill with fuiEcient accuracy diftinguiOi them, and this has led
Ibme Botanifts to believe that moft of the fuppofed fpecies are
mere varieties, deriving their origin from climate, foil, and
cultivation. Some have carried this opinion fo far as to fup«
pofe that this fplendid plant is the offspring of Anagallis
arvenjis^ improved by art, a notion however which appears to
us fufficiently improbable.

If there are no very prominent marks of diftindion except
that of the {hrubby perennial ftalk, a change which fome other
annuals have been known to undergo from climate and other
circumftances, yet there are feveral differences, more minute
indeed than might be wiflied, but which, when united, may be
fufficient to diftinguifh them. Thus in Anagallis jn^^^x
the leaves and flower-ftalks are ufually oppofite, or if more
than two, are generally by fours, rarely if ever three, which is


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iht more natural number ih our plant, though in this they
Ibmetimcs grow by pairs and now and then by fours. The
leaves^artf alfo ttiore lance-fhaped and lefs oval thaln in arven/is,
the anthers too are pqinted and incurved at the upper ex-
tremity. In the economy of the tWo plants there is a remark-
able difference, for while the flowers of the common pimpernel
are never open except in fair weather, and have, from their
fenfibility to the prefence or abfence of the fun, been called
** the poor man's weather-glafs," the flowers of our plant pay
fo little regard to the changes of the atmofphere, that when
once fully expanded, they remain open night and day.

It is readily propagated by cuttings, and will, if planted in
the open ground, produce feeds ; but to preferve it through
the winter, muft be entirely protefted from froft. Is of late
introdu£lion among us from Paris. Ventenat fays, it is a
native of Africa, near Mogadore.

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C 834 ]

CaLla iExHiOPicA. Ethiopian Calla.

Gynandria Polyandria.


Generic Chara£Jer.

Spatba plana. Spadix teSus flofculis. Ca/. o. Petalao.
Bacc:e polyfpermae.

Specific Charaller and Synonyms.

CALLA Mlhiopica ; foliis fagittato-cordatis, fpatha cucullata

fpadice fupcrne mafculo. Sp. PI. 1373. Hort. Cliff.

435* Reicbard. 4. 75. Lederm. Micro/. 37. /. 18.

19. edit. Gallic. 44. GVr/. /t/^<^. 2. 20. t* 84./. 2.

M^r/. M/V/. Dill. n. 1. f/i?r/. /Cfw. 3. 318.
ARUM Mibiopicum^ flore albo odorato. Comm. Hort. 1. p.

95. /. 50.
ARUM americanum, ari vulgaris facie, foliis camofis, Mich.

Flor. 9. /. 2.

The female flowers, which are confined to the lower part
of the fpadix, confift in this fpecies of a conical germen ter-
minated by a truncated black-purple ftigma.

The male flowers are both intermixed with the female, and
occupy entirely the whole of the fuperior part of the fpadix^
without any intermediate fpace.

Miller, who is generally a very accurate obferver, fays
that the piftils and flamens are fo intermixed as not to be
eafily diftinguifliable without the aid of glafles, and that a
few of the flowers fituate near the extremity of the fpadix
are fucceeded by berries, but we find the piftils and confe-
quently the berries all at the bafe of the fpadix, the upper


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part of which is occupied by ftamens only^ as dercribed by
ScHREBER, and thefe parts are fo very diftind, that we ap-
prehend Miller's defcriplion muft l4ve belonged to fbme
other plant and have been inferted in this place by mi'ftake.

It is very hardy, bearing our milder winters, even without
ihelter, but to have it flower well it is neceflary to preferve
it in a greenhoufe. or what is ftill better, to aid it by the heat
of the Hove ; by management it may be made to {hew flowers
in almoft any month in the yean

CoMMELiN has remarked, that when this plant has too
much water given it, this will diftil away in drops from the
points of the leaves, perfedly limpid and of an acrid tafte. Is
propagated by offsets from the roots, which it produces in
abundance. Is a native of the Cape ; found alfo in St. Helena,
in the rich foil by the fide of the rivulets. Has been many
years common in our gardens.

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In which the Latin Names of J
the Plants contained in the .
Tweniy-Firji Volume arc alpha-
betically arranged.


830 Achyranthes porrigens.

804 Albuca major.

802 Aloe cymbiformis.

828 humiliSf ^var* 0.

815 margaritifera, var, media.

814 — vifcofa.

831 Anagallis fniticofa.

816 Anthericam frutefcens*

820 Arum bicolor.

788 Afclepias camofa.

829 Afpalathus araneofa.

799 Afphodelus ramofas.
00 1 Billardiera feandens.

832 Calla .^thiopica.

81 1 Campanula capitata.
810 Caffia biflora.

818 Chironia anguflifolia.
792 Colutea galegifolia.

794 Cordia fcbcftcna.

795 Dianthus caucafeus.

822 Drimia elata.

823 Gladiolus hirfutus^ *var, ^.

812 Gnidia fimplex.

803 Helonias laeia.

790 Hefperanthus radiata, v, caricina.

797 Irisfqualens.

789 Ixia maculata, *var. amethyftina.

821 Kitaibelia vitifolia.

817 Lachenalia puilulata.

800 Lilium canadenfe, *var, «•

798 ■ pomponium.

813 Malpighia glabra.

809 volubilis.

797 Nymphaea Lotus.

819 — ; odorata.

805 Ornithogalum caudatum.
826 Pancratium caribaeum.

825 liitorale,

827 .'- rotatum.

824 Pitcairnia bromelixfolia.

796 Protea pulchella.
808 Salvia chamacdrioidcs.

807 Silene chloraefoiia. '

79^ Stapelia pedunculata. \

806 Tulbagia alliacea.

791 Viola cornuta. ^

In which the Englilh Names of
the Plants contained in the
Twenty- Fir/i Volume are alpha-
betically arranged.


830 Achyranthes, crimfon-headed.

804 Albuca^ larger.

805 Aloe, middle-fized pearl-leaved.

828 ■ narrow-leaved, ftemlefs.

802 — tender-leaved.
814 — - triangular.

816 Anthericum, onion-leaved.
801 Appleberry, climbing.

820 Arum, two-coloured.
788 Afclepias, thick-leaved.

829 Afpalathus, hairy.

799 Afphodel, branched, or Kingfpear.
8 1 3 Barbadoes-Cherry ,fmooth-Ieaved.

800 twining.

881 Bell.flower, cluftered.

801 Billardiera, climbing.

792 Bladder.Scnna, fmaS-leaved.

882 Calla, Ethiopian.
810 Caflia, two-flowered.

' 807 Catch-fly, Armenian.
I 818 Chironia, narrow-leaved.
. 794 Cordia, rough-leaved.

823 Corn-flag, two-flowered, (haggy.

822 Drimia, tall.

787 Flag, brown. flowered.

012 Gnidia, flax-leaved.

803 Helonias, channel-leaved.
790 Hefperanthus, carex-leaved.

, 789 Ixia, amethyftine.

821 Kitaibelia, vine-leaved.

817 Lachenalia, blKlered.
800 Lily, Canadian.

798 pompone.

827 Pancratium, large-crowned.

leflcr fea-(hore.




Pimpernel, (hrubby.

Pink, Caucafean.

Pitcairnia, fcariet-flowered.

Protea, fennel-leaved.

Sage, germander.

Stapelia, long-ftalked.
05 Star of Bethlem, lone-fpiked.
806 Tulbagia, Narciflus-Ieaved. •
791 Violet, horned.
797 Water-lily, Egyptian.
819 fweet-fcentcd.

Printed by S. Couchman, Throgmorton-Strcct, London. r^^^^T^

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Botanical Magazine;

O R,

Flower-Garden Difplayed :


The moft Ornamental Foreign Plants, cultivated in ttic
Open Ground, the Green- Houfe, and the Stove, arc
accurately reprefented in their natural Colours.


Their Names, Clafs, Order, Generic and Specific Charaders, according

to the celebrated Linn^us ; their Places of Growth,

and Times of Flowering :




Intended for the Ufe of fach Ladibs, Gbntlbmen, and Gaedbnbes, as
wiih to become fcientifically acquainted with the Plants they coltivate.

' P ■ I I ■ M — — M^ I . ii . ■ ■ I ■ ■■



Fellow of the Linnean Society.

Nee fera comantem

NarcifTum, aut flexi tacaiflem vimen acanthi*
Pallentefque hederas, et amantes littora myrtos.


L O N B^O N:

Printed by Stephen Couchman, Throgmorton-Street.
Publiflied at No. 3, St. George's-Crescent, Black- friars-Road ;
And Sold by the principal Bookfellers in Great-Britam and Ireland.
Mr 5-^ -. . MDCCCV. ^ ,

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C 833 ]

Erioc£phalus Africanus. Cluster-
LfeAVED Eriocephalus/

Ckfs and Order.


Generic CbaraSier.

Recept. nudum. Pappus o. Cat. lo-phyllus, xqualis. Radii
flofculi 5.

Specific CharaSler and Synonyms.

ERIOCEPHALUS africanus : foliis integris divififque, flo-
ribus corymbofis. Linn. Spec. PL 1310.
Hort. Cliff. 424. Hort. Kew. 3. p. 278.
Reich. 3. p. 938.

ERIOCEPHALUS racemofus. G^rl. Fruff. 2. p. 428. /. 168.

/7. ?

ERIOCEPHALUS fempervirens, foliis fafciculads ct digi-
talis. Dill. Eltb. 13a. /. 110./. 134.

ABROTANUM africanum foliis argenteis anguftis, floribus
umbellatis, capitulis tomentofis. Raii Hifi.
8- P* 232.

ABROTANUM africanum folio tereti tridcntato. JValtJb.
Hort. 1. /. 1.

We have very little doubt but that GiERXNER's figure really
belongs to our plant, though fuppofed by him to be Erio-
cephalus racemofus^ which has very fhort peduncles growing
in long racemes, and not feveral, in a fort of umbel at the ex-
tremity of the branch, as in our fpecies, in which there are
alfo frequently a few fingle (lowers growing on peduncles
longer than, the folitary leaves or braSes towards the extremity
of the branch, from the axils of which they iflue. As he had
only dry flowers to examine, it is not to be wondered at that
Gjertner did not find a double calyx ; what he takes to be


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the internal is in reality the extefhal Caly^, between which and
the inner one is a quantity of white filky wool : the inner
calyjc is cylindrical, embraces very tightly the florets, cohfifts
of one leaf with a five- cleft border, and is entirely concealed
by the wool. The receptacle is not naked but hairy. It
frequently happens that all the leaves are entire. A native of
the Cape of Good Hope. Muft be kept in a greenhoufe
during the winter months, where it will produce its flowers
from Chriftmas till March. Propagated by cuttings.

Our drawing was made from fpecimens received from
Mr. Cuff, of Twickenham.

It may be confidered as a very rare plant, though culti-
vated in 1731, by Dr. James Sherard, in his garden at

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C 834 ]

Clematis Florida. Large-Flowered


Clafs and Order.


Generic Chara£Ier.
Cal. a Petala 4 — 6. Sent, caudatau

Specific CharaSIer and Synonyms.

CLEMATIS florida / (fcandens) foliis decompofitis, petioli$

axillaribus folitariis unifloris bra3eatis, petalis

fenis ovatis patentibus.
CLEMATIS florida ; foliis decompofitis, foliolis binatis ter-

natifque, petalis ovatis. Tbuni. Japn. 240.

Syft. Veg. 512.
CLEMATIS florida. Mart. Mill. Dili. 8. Bot. Repof. 402.
Anemone vel Anemonoides. Houttuyn. Linn. Pfl. SyjL 7,

p. 280. /. 55. /. 1.

The Clematis florida is a native of Japan, faid to have
been introduced to this country by Dr. Fothergill, about
the year 1776 ; but we apprehend that it was the double va-
riety, which is now not uncommon in our gs^rdens. We have
never feen it with fingle flowers till very lately, and in this
ftate it appears with To different an afpeft, as hardly to be
recognifed for the fame fpecies without particular examina-
tion. It has been ufual to diftinguifii the fpecies of this genus
by the leaves, which are in many inftances very (imilar and
extremely fubjeft to vary ; the mode of inflorefcence and
ftrufture of the flower afford charaQers much more tabe de-
pended on.

Our drawing was taken at Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's,
where it flowered in the ftove ; but there is no reafon to
believe that it is not equally hardy with the double fort,
which in a flieltered fituation bears our ordinary winters very
Wf lU Propagated by layers*

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'EJ.^-^.irl Fuh hy TCuih

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C 835 ]

Cheiranthus Armeniacus. Armenian

Cla/s and Order.


Generic CbaraHer.

Germen utrinque denticulo glandulato. Cah claufus foliolis
2 bafi gibbis. Sem. plana.

Specific CbaraSIer and Synonyms.

CHEIRANTHUS armeniacus; caule frutefcente divifo, foliis
aggregatisincifo-dentatis fuperne ladoribus,
filiquis tetragonis ftigmate bilobo incraflato

We received this, as we fuppofe, new Cheiranthus, from
Mr. LoDDicES, of Hackney, who informs us that the feed*
from whence he raifed it, were gathered on the celebrated
Mount Arrarat in Armenia-Major.

It has near affinity with the Cheiranthus eryfimoides,
figured by Jacquin in his Flora Aujlriaca^ but differs in
having a flirubby divided ftem, leaves collefted in a circle at
the extremity of the branch and deeper toothed, undulated
and purple in the winter, flowers growing in longer racemes.
The peduncles of the flowers are horizontal, of the fruit

The flowers, which appear in May, arc fvvcet-fcented. Is
propagated by feeds or by cuttings.

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C 836 ]



Oafs and Order.

Tetrandria Monogynia.

Olim Gynandria Polyandria*

Generic Cbaralier.

Spatha. Spadix firoplex tedus. CaL o. Petala 4. Stam. 4^
Baccx 2-fpermac.

Specific Chara£ler and Synonyms.

POTHOS fxtida ; foliis cordatis fpadice fubglobofo. Hort.

Kew. 3. />. 319. Mart. Mill. Diit. a. 3. Micbaux

Am. Bor, 2. p. 186.
DRACONTIUM fcetidum. Spec. PI 1372. IVilld. 2. p. 288,

Reich. 4. 74. Cold, hoveb. 214. /iT^/w. 7/. 3. />.

47. £^//. ^»f/. 2. go. Gr(?/f. ^/r^. 141. Mart.

Mill, DiU. a. 3.
CALLA aquatilis, odore allii vehementer praedita, Gron. Virg.

1. p. 186.
ARUM americanum Betae folio. Catejb. Car. 2. p. 71. /. 71,
ARUM. 12. Mill. Diff. ed. 7.

This fingular plant, our figure of which, we fufpe£^, may
pafs at firft fight for a drawing of (hells, is a native of Norths
America, from Canada to Virginia. It certainly correfponds
very well with the charader of Pothos as far as regards the
flower, the berries we have not had an opportunity of feeing ;
yet MicHAux queries if it may not be a congener of Call a
paluftris i we do not however fee any reafon for fuch a fuppo-
^tion, the fpadix is covered wi(^ diiUn6l flowers having four


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petals (according to Jussieu, calycine fcales) with deprefled
points^ four ftamens with incumbent anthers, a conical germen
terminated with a truncated ftigma, whereas Call a palufiris,
according to that very accurate obferver, Pollich, has neither
calyx nor corolla, and each germen is furrounded by many

We learn from Michaux, that in America it grows in
the water, it has therefore been probably badly treated hitherto
in our gardens ; we have obferved it for feveral years in the
open border, at Meffrs. Whitley and Brame's, OldBromp*'
ton, where our drawing was taken.

In the firft volume of the American Memoirs, the roots of
this plant are recommended by Dr, Cutler as a ufeful
remedy in afthma, with a very neceflary caution to fimplers,
that they do not gather for it the roots of White Hellebore,
as this likewife goes by the name of Scunkweed.

It flowered in Mr. Collin son's garden at Peckham, in
the fpring of the year 1736, from which plant Catesby's
figure above quoted was taken. The leaves come up after
the flowering is over*

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C 837 ]

Aloe Verrucosa* Warted Aloe*

Cldfs and Order.


Generic Charailer.^^Vide N*"^* 765.

Specific Cbara^er and Synonyms^

ALOE verrucofa (acaulis^ curviflora) foHis difticbis )orato«>
fubenfiformibus obtufe parumqi^ acuminatis, \ii\Au
que atque fubconfluenter papillolk; floribus medii^^
reflexis ; corolla fubcoalita. G, ^

ALOE verrucofa. Tbuni. g. Prod. 61. Hort. Kew. 1. 468.
IVilld. Sp. PL 2. 189. Haworth on Aloe in Unn. Tranf.
7. p. t2.

ALOE carinata^ v. enfiformis. Decand. PL Gr. 63.

ALOE dijlicba. p. Sp. PL 459.

A Cape fpecies, now very common in our greenhoufes 1
having been cultivated by Miller fo long ago as 1731.

Our drawing was taken at Mn Malcolm's Nurfcry, Ken-

One of the humbler forts, having leaves about 6—7 inches
in lengthy and far (horter than the flower-ftem.


No. 827, L 7. for "/(/pjiora*' read ^* Jeffiflarm:*
lb. 1. penult, for •• nethtr** read •• mvtber"
lb. p. 2. 1. 2. for " of read «• or."
No. 828, 1. 13, after « Alob'* add " humlU**

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C 83^ D
Aloe Lincua, var, (i, CrAssifolia* Thick-
Leaved Tongue Alok.

^AJr|n|T JUJ»A«l>«i»tlb*l#A<l»Ail*tl* A.


Generic CbdraUen^^Vid. iV^** 765.

Specific Cbaralter and Synonyms.

ALOE Lingua (acaulis, ^urvifioraj foliis diftichis imbricato-
conduplicantibus, linguaefortnibus, punQulis denfif-
fimis pruinantibus ad inftar araneae cutis> obfcure va-
tiegatis ; corollae laciniis paululum coalitis. G.

ALOE Lingua. Tbunb. Diff. 11. Prod. 61. Hort. Kew. 1.
469. IVilld. Sp. PI. 2. 189.

ALOE linguaformis. Suppl. 206. Decand. PL Gr. 68.

ALOE nigricans. Haworth on Aloe, Linn.Hranf. 7. 13.

ALOE dtfiicha. Sp. PI. 459.

ALOE foliis foliis enfiformibus diftichis patuHs. Horf^ Cliff.
13a. Hon. Upf. 86. Roy. Lugdi. 86.

p. crqj^folia ; foliis laiioribus brevioribus. Hort. Ketv. h c.

A Cape fpecies, fome of the varieties of which are faid by
THUNdERG to grow on the top of Roodefand mountains near
ihe waterfall. We have never yet feen any figure of our
prefent variety, which was cultivated by Miller in i73i#

Our drawing was taken at Mr. Malcolm's Nurfery,
Kenfington. Now common. We cannot agree with Mr.
Haworth in making this a diftinft fpecies ; not finding
chara3ers fufficient to diftinguifh it by ; his charader of
•* margines integerrima^* is not by any means conftant. The
cuter furface of the leaves when carefully examined will be
found to be dotted or chagreened in the manner of a fpider's
Ikin; they are alfo curioufly conduplicate at their bafes. This
plant is propagated by offsets, is a free blower, and of eafy.
culture. G.

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C 839 3



♦ ^ A ^ A A ill ifc ih A A ifr ^ ,A-

Hexandria Monogynia.

Generic Cbara^er. — Fid. iV««- 717^

Specific Cbarafler and Synonyms.

TULIPA fuaveolens foliis glaucis, lanceolativ approximatis.

fcapum uniflorum villofum fubaequantibus ; flore

erefio, campanulato-patulo ; ftaminibus laciniis.

3 — 4 brevioribus ; aniheris ftigmata paululum fu-

perantibus. G*
TULIPA fuaveolens. Roth Catal. Bot. 1. p. 45. IVilld. Sp. PI.

2. 97.
TULIPA pumilio. Lobel.ic. 127.
TULIPA dubia pumilio. Cluf. Hijl. 148.

We are glad to fee this beautiful genus beginning to difplay
its fpecies in our books, and not confidered as a mere colleftioa
of varieties any more than its neighbours : we find already, three,
new ones in Redoute's Liliacees, and our prefent plant has
but lately received its rank. Has been known among Florifts
by the Gallo-Dutch appellation of Due Van T'hol ; one of the
earlieft blowers, and the moft ufed for blowing within doors,^
which it does about January, and in open ground in March and

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