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Annals of the reformation and establishment of religion, and other ..., Volume 4 online

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those supported to this day with God's favour, to our safety 1 54
and preservation of our country in peace, even in the midst


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ANNO of all Other countries adjcnning to ours, that are in war onlj
>^»a' by reason of such as are all our common enemies ; tod we

could not forbear to impart to you both our great grief for

this accident now breaking out, and to assure your majesty,

that if it may lie in our power, and were so allowed of by

your majesty, we would spare no means to stay this intended

violent war, as dangerous as the time b, wherein, as the "pape

and the king of Spain do proceed with their hostile actions,

there is no part of Christendom that will be free from war ;

All this a case very rare and lamentable. For as by the war that is

the agents* ^ proceed from the Turk, all the parts of Grermany, and

J?*^*^ the east parts of Christendom, and some great part of Italy,

L.Burgk. shall feel the burden of the same, with loss of Christian

**^' blood, depopulation of countries and towns ; so on the other

part of Christendom westward, it is lamentably seen, how

all France, the Low Countries, our realms of England and

Ireland, and now of late the kingdom of Scotland, is already

threatened from Spain, and provoked to rebellion. All

which are mightily infested by the wars ; and France by

the dukes of Savoy and Lorrain, by the solicitation of the

king of Spain.

And here it is to be especially noted, that the king cf
Spain'^s wars are at this day the more dangerous to make a
destruction of the people of Christendom, in that he maketh
not his wars, as in former times the emperor, his father, and
other his progenitors did, to make incursions into France
or Italy only for revenge, or to besiege or recover restitu-
tion of some towns: which commonly ended in a few
months. That in a summer with some loss on both sides :
but commonly stayed with a truce, or ended with a peace
and intermarriages. But now all these wars, attempted by
the king of Spiun against so many kingdoms and countries,
are wholly to conquer the same without any colour of tide.
As certain years past he did attempt, with an army by seas,
upon our kingdom of Ireland, only upon a pretence that
the pope would give it him to conquer ; and afterwards, in
the year 88, purposed certainly with an army by sea, which
was termed by his Spaniards invincible; and by another

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mighty army by land, at the same instant brought by the ANNO
seaside in Flanders, to have been transported into England, ^^^^'
without any pretence of title. And that at the very time
when our ambassadors and his were treating of a peace, and
upon good terms of a conclusion. But by Grod'? invincible
might, his armies, termed invincible, were proved both vin-
cible and evicted.

But to shew this his continual purpose in making war for
conquest, and total subversion of countries, he hath these
many years attempted, with infinite charges and loss of his
people, to make a conquest of his maritime Low Countries,
to jdant his Spaniards in the richest towns and ports ; mind-
ing also thereby to have opportunity to invade and prose-
cute his intended conquest of England. And now for a
further and a most manifest sign of this his unsatiable de-
sire of conquest, he hath these last years openly with sun-
dry armies invaded France, the greatest and most noble
kingdom of Christendom ; seeking by his great powers and
treasures flo^ng from all his Indies, and by supporting of 155
certain rebellious heads in France, that made leagues and
confederacies against their last king, whom they procured
to be murdered, to deprive the lawful king now living, Henry
the Fourth, of his crown ; whom, without any exception, all
the persons, being of the ancient royal blood of France, and
the great officers of the realm, and most of the governors
of provinces, as they were left by the last king, being also
catholics, do obey, and offer their lives to defend him as
their lawful king. And because this attempt is found very
difficult to compass, he hath stirred up the pope to send
armies into France over the Alps, a thing never used by
any pope ; and he hath also provoked with his treasure the
dukes of Savoy and Lorrain likewise to invade and conquer
certain provinces of France, lying near to them. And how
he himself hath gotten possession of the towns and havens in
Britain, intending a full conquest thereof, is not unknown.

Beside these, to leave no part of Christendom westward
in peace, the king of Scots hath lately discovered a full pur-
pose of the king of Spain, by a compact and corruption of

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AKHO money crfRsred to certain of bis nobUity, to give entry to the
^^'^ army of the king of Spain into Scotland this summer, both

to conquer the realm and to invade England. For achieve,
ing whereof, great sums of money have been provided, and
a good part hath been sent secretly into Scotland to such, as
seeing their conspiracy discov^ ed, are fled into the rnoun^
tains of the land : and at this time are pursued by the king,
both with force and proscriptions, as being notable traitors
to himself and to their native country.

Thus your majesty, being the greatest prince in honour
and degree in Christendom, may behold a lamentable spec-
tacle of the whole state of Christendom as it were set on
fire ^t one time : whereof, though that part where your ma-
jesty^s dominions are towards the east may feel a present
danger from the common enemy; yet, if they that thus
trouble the rest of Christendom here in the west (as no part
is free from the calamities of war) would content themsdves
with thdr own patrimonial kingdoms and countries, and
suffer other their neighbours to HvIb in peace, (which they
desire,) it were to be hoped that the Turk would also fbi^
bear this attempt of war against your majesty, with an opK
nion very probable to move him thereto ; in that he might
think, that the rest of Christian kings and potentates would
(enjoying peace in their own countries) give your majesty
aid, and so divert the Turk from ofiending of Christendom.
[Here the instructions Jbr the agent ended^l

And thus having imparted our grief for this lamentable
estate of all Christendom, we cannot but wish, that both
your majesty b^g a sovereign of highest degree, and others
that carry the titles of Christian and catholic princes, would
be Christianly moved to take compassion of this woful estate
of Christendom, and lay aside all minds of revenge, and ol
unlawful seeking of other countries, and make one tolid
union of the Christian countries for their defence.
156 T%en begin the lines agmnjbrinstrtictions to the ageni.

And where pretences are made, that these wars are taken
in hand for maintenance of cathdic reli^on, it may be well
denied so to be in France, where the wars are f»t)0ecuted.

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Bel only agakut the person of the king, bat against all his ANNO
fittthful subjects, the princes of the royal blood, the C8rdi*_2fffl.
mis, bishops, and clergy, and the aaciettt notnlky, that
profess the cathoUc reUgion according to the chiox^ of

And as to the wars made against us and our people, and
the king of Scots and his people, though in some sort we
do not yield to be subject to the pope, as pretending ap au-
thcnity over our crowns, to dispose them where he will;
yet we do not dissoH from the true catholic reli^on esta-
blished by the apostles, and continued in the primitive
church. Neither hath the king of Spain, by any former
example, any lawful authority, upon such pretences, to make
any wars against us, being a prince sovereign, acknowledg-
ing no superior over us in earth, or any other kings and
potentates agreeing with us in Christian religion ; as are the
kings of Denmark, Scotland, Sweden, and the chiefest of
the princes temporal of the empire. But according to the
example of all former ages, he ought to sufier decirion c^
the controversies of the church to some free and general
councils to be lawfully congregated.

How these declarations and arguments for our defence
dmll content your majesty, we know not. But if there were
not such abounding malice reigning in this age, as that the
same were not maintained and continued with most shame-
ful slander and horrible untruths dispersed in libels, in all
languages, but that nothing were divulged but truth, we
would not doubt but both your majesty would, according
to your office, admonish the pope, and advise the king of
Spain to alter this their violent course, whereby they do
kindle and stir up fire to inflame all Christendom.

Tliese Imes JblUawmg are of the hrd treasurer's own
hand J and is the conclusion :

And to shew our Christian disposition to have this in-
tended dangerous war, now proceeding from the Turk,
whereof cannot but great and inestimable damage happen
to Christendom, which way soever Almighty God shall give
the victory. We have, in the zeal that we bear to peace,

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ANNO (which is the chiefest blessing of God here on earth,) pro-
^^^^' sumed to write and send to the grand seignor our letters
and message also, to yield to a surcease of war. And there
by some colloquy betwixt your ambassadors to meet on your
frontiers, to restore both your states to your former peace.
And of this matter, and of our Christian purpose, this
bearer shall further inform you; and of sundry other
things, wherein we require you to give him credit

On the backside it is thus endorsed. The 14th of April,
1598, Minutes of a letter to the emperor. By D. Parkins.

1^7 Number CI.

TTie letter of the great Turk to the queen^ {who had inter-
ceded by her agent to him in behalf of the king qfPoUmdy)
mentioned in thejbregoing letter^ was asJbUoweth:

REX Poloniae duos suos legatos ad portam nostram
beatam et fulgidam mittens significavit, quod rex Poloni«e
missum munus augere vellet. Sed nos supplicationem r^s
Poloniae amplecti et acceptare noluimus : imo iterum exer*
citum nostrum in r^em Polonise mittere, et Creatoris omni-
potentis auxilio regnum Poloniae subvertere constitueramus.
At legato serenitatis vestrae ex mandato vestro pacem pro
regno Polonise petente, neve regnum Polonise ex parte nostra
turbaretur et infestaretur intercedente, serenitatisque banc
angularem et peculiarem esse voluntatem exponente, legati
serenitatb vestrae significatio et intercessio nobis fuit grata
et accepta. In favoremque serenitatis vestrse, cui omnis
honos et gratia ex nostra parte debetur, juxta hunc modum
literse nostras ad regem Poloniae sunt datae.

Si ex parte serenitatis vestrse foedus et pax cum rege Po-
loniae ineunda sollicitata non fuisset, nulla ratione foedus
cum rege iniissemus ; sed in favorem solummodo serenitatis
vestrae, regno et regi Poloniae singularem praestitimus gra-
tiam. Quod et serenitas vestra et rex Poloniae certo sibi
persuadere debeant.

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Number CII. ^^^^,^

A commission to Mr. Cheryy a merchant^ Jrom the lord
treasurer y and others qf her majesty's principal counseU
lorSf with her letter to the great duke qf Muscovy : vin-
dicating' the queen against Jidse and scandalous reports
and libels spread abroad^ qf assisting the great Turk ;
and in behalf qf her merchants trading in those parts.
Being minutes drawn by the lord treasurer.

WE, who have subscribed this writing, being counsellors
to the mighty queen Elizabeth, by the grace of Grod queen
of England, France, and Ireland, and defender of the
Christian faith ; and being also the principal public officers
of the realm and crown of England, do authorize you — —
Chery, of the city of London, merchant, and the queen'^s
servant, to present unto the mighty kmg and great duke of
Russia, to the noble prince lord Boricfederow Godo
principal counsellors to the said great duke, the queen^8l58
ma}esty'*s royal letters, whereunto you have been made
privy ; containing in them her majesty'^s most friendly soluta-
tious, and large thanks to the said emperor of the great fa-
vours of late times shewed on her majesty'*s behalf to her
merchants repairing and reading in his countries, with re-
quest to continue the said favours to them : notwithstanding
the malicious practices of some subtile and unworthy per-
sons, that have of late of the devilish mood attempted, by
slanderous and false reports, to alienate the great good-will
imd affection which the said emperor hath of long time
borne to the queen's majesty, and his favour to her mer-
chants and subjects. Among which malicious persons, the
queen^s majesty understandeth that sundry of them have
been hired, and induced for the pleasing of the pope, and
especially of the king of Spain, who are known to be her
majesty^s professed enemies, to publish, not only in the parts
of Grennany, and the countries of the emperor of Grermany,
but also in the countries and court of the said great duke
of Rusffla, that the queen's majesty hath secretly aided the
grand seignor of Turkey in his wars against Christendom.

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ANNO ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^ '^^ agent far her merchants at Coa-
1598. stantinople was in the camp of the great Turk, in summer
was twelvemonth, being forced thereto by the Turk's com-
mandment, without the knowledge of the queen'^s majesty.
But yet he did thereby use many means to redeem divers
captive Christians, and procured liberty to the servants of
the emperor's ambassador, to be freely sent to the emperor
of Germany ; for the which he received great thanks. And
in other things he did not give anywise to the favour of the
Turk, but employed all his labour to the redemption of
many Christians. Which course he had held of long time
at Constantinople, where he doth yearly {»tx;ure the liberty
of many captive Christians ; a matter publicly known in all
these west parts of Christendom.

And besides this, there is pretended, for some particular
colour and end, proof of her majesty's aid, (though most
£dsely,) that the said Turk hath had fixwa her majesty sun-
dry pieces of great ordnance, graven and marked with the
arms of England ; a matter utterly false, and vainly imagine
ed. That there was not any intent to aid the Turk against
Christendom, by any manner of means directly or indirectly,
entered ever into her heart, b^ng a professed Christian
jHince, as she will answer unto Almighty God.

And so we, being the principal counselltuis of the realm,
do in the presence of Grod affirm, that th^re was never any
such purpose in her majesty to favour the Turk in his wars
against the state of Christendom. But contrariwise upon
our knowledge, and with our advice, her majesty hath em-
ployed her ambassador and servants, to her great charge at
sundry times, to be means to cease die war between the said
Turk and sundry Christian princes ; whereof there is nota-
ble testimony publicly known of a peace of late years, by
her majesty's earnest solicitation, made between die Turk
and the king of Pole. For the which her majesty bath had
public and large thanks from that king and the states of the
kingdom. And like thanks also bath she had from the em-
159peror of Crermany for her ambassage sent to solicit peace
between the said emperor and the Turk : which took not

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tkat efieet at that ttaie aoeoniiiig to her majesty^s desire; ANNO
because that die emperor aflSrmed, that he had at that time ^^^^
such advantage against the Turk, as he then found it not
profitable for the estates to accqpt such conditions of peace
as her majesty had by her agent propounded to be leadj
to be offered.

So as now {or your further direction : you being thus in^
formed of the contents of her majesty'^s letters, you shall
use your best discretion and diligence, by the acquuntance
which you have with the lord Borycefederow, and by advice
also of the principal merchants of our- nation, there residing,
present the siud letters ; first those which be to the lord
Boryce, whom you shall use as the means of your access to
the said great duke : and by the direction of the said lord
Boryce, you idiall present her majesty'^s letters to the said
great duke, aaad require, that -his nu^esty^s public inter^
preter, coaly with your aid and knowledge, rightly and fiilly
interpret the same into the Rusaan tongue. And so also
shall you cause the like to be done (or her miyesty^s letters
to the lord Boryce, with her royal salutations ; and acconi-
ing to the contents of all those letters, as before you are
here informed, you shall do your best to persuade the said
great duke and the said lord Boryce, and other great coun-
selors of the great duke, that such false and slanderous
rqMrts are only grounded upon the great malice that the
king of Spain, and his facti<m, which he hath in Crermany
by the emperor there, and other his kindred of his house of
Austria, beareth to her majesty, for her just defence of her
domtni(ms and subjects against the ambition and tyranny of
the said king of Spain, labouring, by conquering of his
neighbouring Idi^oms and countries, to be a monarch of
the greatest part of Christendom.

And for your more effectual proceeding herein, you shall
cause this writing to be likewise interpreted into the Rus-
sian tongue, and offer the same to the lord Boryce to be
seen, as the testimony of us four, being tbe principal coun-
selors and officers of the crown and realm of England.
The first of us being the lord chancellor of England ; the

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ANNO second, the lord high treasurer of England ; the third, the

'^^^' lord earl marshal of England ; the fourth, the high admiral

of England ; as yourself can report us. For testimony

whereof we have subscribed this writing with our hands,

and sealed the same with our seals.

160 Number CIII.

A memorial of sundry necessary things to be put in execu^
tionjbr the service of the realm, now toward the spring
of the year : upon the Jbrmidahle preparation of the
Spaniard, Drawn up by lord treasurer Burghley,
Dated Jan. 8, 1593.

FIRST, letters to be directed by the council to all the
lieutenants of the counties of the realm ; to give them know-
ledge, that her majesty would have them presently, by
themselves or their deputies, make a review of all the bands
and forces, both of horse and foot, that have been a few
years past put into bands, and that have been trained. And
for that her majesty thinketh, that there hath been for these
two or three years an intermission made of the musters of
the said bands, whereby it is very likely that in number and
in force the same are greatly decayed, as well by death or
departing away of captains and officers, as of the private
sddiers ; and a diminution also of the horse, armoury, and
weapons decayed, during the said intermission. Therefore
her majesty most earnestly requireth the said lieutenants, by
themselves, or their deputies in their absence, to view the
estate of all the said bands, and to be duly informed of the
defects thereof in all the foresaid lacks and wants, as well
of men as horse and armour. And upon the defects and
wants found, to devise how to have the same supphed. And
thereof to make particular certificates of the estate of the
bands as they were aforetime, and of the particular wants
and decays thereof: and Ukewise of the supplements to be
made of the same wants and decays. And to make certi-
ficate unto her majesty^s council of their said sendees.

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Whereupon her majesty is determined, for her better satis- ANNO
&ct]on, tQ have some special persons to repair into those ^^^^'
countries to see the said supplies, and for some other ord^
about the said bands : and consequently to consult with the
said lieutenants for the training thereof, to be ready for the
service of her majesty and defence of her realms.

lUmy C^sideration to be had of what counties there be
lacking Ueutenants, by reason of the death of the former ^
And her majesty to be moved to i^point fit persons to be
authorized to better [become] lieutenants in the same shires,
with like authority as the former have had.

Itemy Letters to be written to the towns that were ap-
pointed to have staples of powder and munition, to be in a
readiness {or the service of thrir countries. And to cause
the same to be viewed, what want there is, either of the
quantity thereof^ or the ill condition for lack of good keep-
ing: ami charge to be given to supply the same. For which
purpose ordar may be given to have the same supplied out
of the que^i^s majesty'^s stores at reasonable prices for ready
money; if otherwise the same cannot be had of merchants
using the trade to bring in foreign powder into the realm.

A menunial Jbr ike border of Scotland. l6l

The certificate of the earl of Huntingdon to be viewed,
concerning the causes of such as have been in two several
coPimiHsions certain years past, for the execution of the sta<
tute tor the strengthening of the fix>ntiers against Scotland :
with a note sent also fix>m the said earl, of a certain number
newly by him named, that before were not in commission.
And according to the act of parliament to have a commis-
sion made under the great seal of England, and under the
seal of the duchy, as the cause shall require, according to
the form of the said statute. And that the earl and the
liNrds of those north gparts may be directed to repair and re-
side in the same, to ^e furtherance of the said commisaon.

• CoaDtries lacking lieutenants, with the names of them that did serve there :
Middlcaez and Northampton, lord chancellor: Stafford and Nottingham, earl of
SkMmOmrj : Lancatbire and Cheshire, earl of Derby : Bocks, lord Grey.


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ANNO AmemofialJbrihenavycfAerealm.

'^^^' The lOTd admiral to cause a perfect view to be made of
all her majesty^ own ships ; of what burden they are, and
in what readiness they are or may be to serve for the war.

Itim^ To understand the want of all halnhments fit for
the equipping of the said ships ; and to procure a parti-
cular certificate, what are the special wants needful to be
provided for the arming and equipage of the said ships.
And what proportion thereof is to be had oiit of foreign
countries, and what out of the realm.

Iterriy To conuder what shall be a convenient number cf
sddiers and mariners to serve in the said ships, as men of
war; and where and from what places the mariners may
be |m)vided and had to be in readiness. And how many
captains are to be provided for the government and rule ci
the said ships, to serve under the lord admiral, if he shall
be directed to serve personally ; or otherwise also the lord
admiral to consider with himself, what spedal men there be,
of service and experience, which he shall think meet in his
absence to be employed in particular charges and voyages
as admirals.

Item^ To be conddered what kind and quantity of vic-
tuals is to be provided for the numbers that are to be em-
ployed in the said ships. Or if all the navy shall not be
occupied, what quantity were fit to 6a*ve for the numbers
to be employed in the half of the said navy, or in two parts
thereof. And in both cases propcnrtion to be made for five
or six months, besides the rigging victuals.

liem^ Also to be considered of the number of the mer-
chants^ and subjects^ ships, that be or may be made fit for
men of war to accompany her majesty'^s navy. And to
foresee that none of them be permitted to go in any long
voyage, to be absent out of the realm after the mnoth <^

The office of the ordnance to be considered asJoBaweth.

First, How the same is furnished with such proportions
of powder, saltpetre, and muskets, and such other shot, with
lead, and other necessaries for the same.

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How tbe great ovdiumee k provided for with caniages, ANNO
both far the aea and for the land: and wherein the waata ^^^^
do consist : and where to be provided : and in what tn&ey
and at what prices.

Iteniy To take better order than in former times hath
been, for bargains to be made for calivers and muskets^
and such like. For the which greater prices have been al- l62
lowed than were, reasonable, upon pretence that the makers

Online LibraryJohn StrypeAnnals of the reformation and establishment of religion, and other ..., Volume 4 → online text (page 22 of 54)