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shop qfierwardsy may he seen m the Life of Archbishop
WMtgifty book iv. chap. 18.



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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH. 289

Number CXLIII. ANNO

1694.

Adam LqfhiSy archbishop of Dublin^ and lord chancellor of

Ireland^ to the lord treasurer. His troubles; his in-
tegrity; displayed to that lord: and his application to
him. Wrote from Dublin^ S!7th ofMay^ 1594.

May it please your good lordship,

AS often as I look back unto the course of my life, which
draws towards an end, and call to my remembrandi the
manifold crosses and grievous troubles which in my place
and vocation I have endured, so often must I confess, that
next after the goodness of Gtxl, and her majesty^s great
grace^ your honourable patronage and protection of me
hath been the only means of my deliverance. Wherefbre 1 207
most humbly crave your lordship's pardon, to license me
(being destitute of all other means to make any requital for
the least of your favours which you have pouied upon me)
in all my letters to acknowledge my most bounden duty
and thankfulness; which is the only thing I can present
unto you.

By your lordship's letters in answer of mine sent by my
servant, this bearer, I do perceive your just mislike of my
motion, to have her majesty's leave, during the time of my
absence in England, to leave the custody of the great seal
with some one of this council, for whom I would answer. I
do most humbly acknowledge mine oversight in that mo-
tion, being mided by some formed precedents in fonder
times : and very loath that the keeping of the seal should
have come into the hands of sir Robert Gardiner, a genUe-
man not wdl affected towards me, as I have just cause to
conceive by his dealings : first stirring up Leg and Rich to
prefer untrue and malicious libels against me; and now
lately animating one Tipper, a seditious man of this country
birth, to pirpsecute the same course ; who hath his sole de-
pendence upon sir Robert. Nevertheless I yield my most
humble thanks to your lordfifaip, for directing my servant
by your greater advice to suppress my letters to their lord-
ships, lest any advantage had been t^ken against me for

VOL. IV. u



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290 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO that matter; having now resolved to forbear my suit till a
^^^^' more convenient time, when it shall please all-wise Grod to



send it.

I understand by a postscript, written by your lordship^s
own hand, (for which I am most 'bound,) that upon such
informations as were preferred against me, first by Leg^ and
now lately by one Tipper, which have been reported to her
most excellent majesty by two of the lords, her highness is
not well satisfied towards me. I am right woful in heart,
and oppressed with grief of mind, that after my thirty and
three years service in the place of a privy-counsellor in this
' state, information of so base persons are believed against
nie, and mine answers not credited : which I have delivered
upon my credit, duty, and conscience; and do refuse no
manner of trial that shall be directed for my purgation.
' For remedy whereof, I have no other refuge but still to fly
to your honourable protection: humbly beseeching your
lordship, that as it hath pleased God in these our days to
make you even the father of all good counsel, and the most
ancient counsellor that ever served prince, that you will not
suffer a poor servitor of my conscience, after so many ha-
zards of my life in her majesty'^s service, to be without cause
thus unworthily disgraced.

If either the answers which I have made to L^^^s in-t
formations be found untrue, or in any of these new matters
preferred by Tipper I shall be culpable, I am contented fen-
ever to renounce your lordship^s favour. I have partly been
advertised of Tipper^s accusations, and do find by experi-
ence, that the falsehood sometimes carrieth some probability
of a truth. But if upon due trial of these cases it shall be
proved that I have offended, let me never after be trusted
with you.
208 I hear to my great comfort, upon the late arrival of Tip.
per, and upop speeches ^ven out by himself, that commis-
sion is directed to sir William Russel, the two chief justices,
and sir Ra. Napper, for examination of the matter whan&-
with he hath charged me. I am right glad this course is
taken for the trial of the truth. And my humble suit to



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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH. 891

your lordship in this behalf is only this, to vouchsafe me ANNO
your letter to the said commissioners to enter with some ^^^^'
speed into the examination of these causes ; that I may be
odled to answer all that is or shall be objected. And that
all my answers may be duly certified, for the full satisfac-
tion of her majesty and your lordships : which is the thing
I chiefly desire : and to the end no scar may remain against
me of these informations ; as I am right sorry^ by reason of
Le^^s death, there doth of the former, the Lord is my wit-
ness, without any cause.

My hope is, that during your lordship^s days (which God
Icmg continue) I shall not want a friend to inform her ma*
jesty of my long and painful services, and of my zealous af-
fection and decdre to do unto her highness any acceptable
service. But woe is me, that now I perodve, to my great
discomfort, your lordship doth begin to complain of sick-
ness, and want of strength in body to protect such as al-
ways heretofore have depended upon you. My good lord,
I have no other to rely upon, being unknown to all the rest
of th^ lordships. Hitherto, under Grod and her majesty,
I never had dependency upon any but the earl of Sussex
and your lordship. Neither do I mean to seek a new friend
so long as you do live : most humbly beseeching your ho-
nourable lordship to be a mean for me unto your son, rir
Robert Cecil, that under you I may depend upon his ho-
nourable favour in my just and honest causes. To which
end I have purposely sent over this bearer, my servant,
vrith my letters for him, humbly craving your lordship^s
good furtherance of this my suit. And I promise your lord-
ship hereby, upon my honesty and credit, I will never seek
his favour in any bad or dishonest cause. And even so,
with due remembrance of my most bounden duty, I com-
mend your lordship, by my most earnest prayers, to Grod^s
best graces. From Dublin, the 27th of May, 1594.
Your lordship^s humbly at commandment,

Ad. Dublin, cane.



u 2



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«9« ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,
ANNO Number CXLIV,

1594.

'John bishop of Limrkk^ Jrom Yorky who «ww, it seemsy



209 of the council therCy to the lord treasurer: concerning
some dcmgerous papists taken in those parts, a/nd sent
up: and now going to his bishopric in Ireland, desires
to be one qfthe council there, and his service promised.

THE prisoner Gravenor, and the two Hales, by my .

lord preffldent here sent up, and within two or three dajm
after this my letter will be at London. They will not here
confess any practice. But your honour will find them most
obstinate maleficu^tors and dangerous persons. It appeareth
they agreed upon a form of a set tale, when they should
come to be examined, as may seem by their first answer,
that they were beer-sellers ; which they confessed they con-
cluded among themselves, in the way betwixt Barwic and
York, &c

If your honour may be pleased to pardon this one thing
I now write, I will perform while I live that which I now
write. Namely, if your honour think me worthy for any
employment about the state with the deputy and council in
Ireland, whereby I may have cause sometimes there to re«
side for her majesty^s service, there shall not any one thing
concerning any service happen there, but thereof will I
give your honour, or sir Robert Cedl, primary and speedy
true intelligence thence. In one word, I will in all things
serve your honour. For I know you serve her majesty
and your country with all faithfulness. Only were I so
happy as to be received into your honour^s trust and pro-
tection, I were sufficiently animated from time to tiitie to
certify your honour all things there said, purposed, or prac-
Used. Youi'sdf diould dwell in their bosotns, when I dwell
in Dublin.

And to, humbly desiring your hotiour to wrap up my
profiered service aaad duty in siletice and in oblivion, I most
humbly take leave, praying to the Almighty, with hand
and heart Uft up to heaven, for yoiu* health to be con-



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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH. 998

tinued, with all honourable happiness. York/ the 81st of anno
December. '^^'

Your ho|iour*s in all duty,

Jo. Limricmsis.



Number CXLV. 210

The said bishcp to the lord trecuurer : Jbr Ua,ve to trans^
port things Jrom York irUo Ireland; where he Tvae goings
to Uve^ being required residence.

My most honourable good lord,
I BESEECH your honour, that I may have licence
(seeing I am to live in Ireland) to transport with me 50
ewes, 8 rams, 6 mares, SO cows, and 2 bulls, for mine own
breed; and 10 muskets, and other needful furniture, for
my own safety. And that my household stuff, which I
carry with me, my books, chests, trunks, and other my car-
riages, may be transported with myself or with my ser-
vants, without any let or trouble to me or my servants, by
searchers, or customers, or other officers, to be otkred unto
us. I most humbly take my leave; evermore praying for
your honour^s healthful and happy preservation. York,
16th of March.

Your honour^s in all duty and service,

Jo. Limricens.



Number CXLVI.

Theplague^ dreadfid storms and unseasonable weather in
this and thejbrmer yeary gave occasion to Dr. /. King^
in one of his lectures at York, to use these words.

THE months of the year [1593 and 1594] have not yet
gone about, wherein the Lord hath bowed the heavens, and
oome down about us with more tokens and earnests of his
wrath intended, than the agedest man of our land is able to
recount of so small a time. For say, if ever the winds, once

u3



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894 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO they blew one against the other, have been more oommon
'*^' and more tempestuous } as if the four ends of heaven had



conspired to turn the province of the earth upside down.
Thunders and lightnings, neither seasonable for the time,
and withal most terrible with such effects brought forth,
that the child unborn shall speak of it. The anger of the
clouds hath been poured down upon our heads, both with
abundance, and (besides those that felt it) with incredible
violence. The air threatened our miseries with a blazing
star. The pillars of the earth tottered in many whole coun-
tries and tracts of our land. For the arrows of the woful
pestilence have been cast abroad at large in all the quarters
of our realm, even to the emptying and dispeopling of
some parts thereof.

And in anoAer of his lectures. Within the year, each
sevennight cut off a thousand; yea, sometimes a great many
more, in one city of our land, [viz. London,] by the infec-
tion of the plague. Since that time, the note hath returned
211 [of the abatement of the infection] not one ; or so few, that
it is as yet as if it were nothing. Remember that the spring
[that year when the plague brake out] was very unkind, by
means of the abundance of rains that fell« Our July hath
been like to a February ; our June even as an April : so
that the air must needs be corrupted. Grod amend it in his
mercy, and stay this plague of waters. But yet the pesti-
lence is not ceased.

And conceminff a dearth Jbr three years now successively ^
he had these words. Behold! what a famine Grod hath
brought upon our land ; and making it to persevere yet hi-
therto, doth increase it. One year there hath been hunger :
the second there was a dearth : and a third there was great
cleanness of teeth. And see, whether the Lord doth not
threaten us much more, by sending such unseasonable wea-
ther and storms of rain among us. Which if we will ob-
serve, and compare it with that which is past, we may say,
that the course of nature is very much inverted. Our years
are turned upside down. Our summers are no summers :
our harvests are no harvests : our seeds-times are no seeds-



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UNDEE QUEEN ELIZABETH. 295

times. For a great space of time, scant any day hath been ANNO
seen that it hath not rained upon us. And the nights are ^^^^'
like the days.



Number CXLVII.

Francis Bacon^ (afterwards the learned lord Vervlam^) son

to sir Nicholas Bacon^ lord keeper of the great seedy de-

ceasedy to the lard treasurer: concemmg tfie sdicitor'^s

placCy which he had endeavoured by Jriends to obtain

Jrom the queen.

AFTER the remembrance of my humble and bounden
duty. It may please your good lordship, the last term I
drew myself to my house in the country, expecting that the
queen would have placed another solicitor ; and so, I con-
fess, a little to help digestion. And to be out of eye, I ab-
sented myself. For I understood her majesty not only to
oonUnue in her delay, and, as I was advertised chiefly by
my lord of Essex, to be retrc^rade, to use the terms apted
to the highest powers. Since which time I have, as in mine
own conceit, given over the suit : though I leave it to her
majesty^s tenderness, and the constancy of my honourable
friends ; so it be done without pressing.

And now my writing to your lordship is chiefly to ^ve
you thanks. For surely if a man consider the travail, and
not the event, a man is often more bounden to his honour-
able friends for a suit denied, than for a suit succeeding.
Herewithal I am bold to make unto your lordship three re-
quests; which ought to be very reasonable, because they
come so many at once. But I cannot call that reasonable,
.which is only grounded upon favoiu*. The first is, that your
lordship would yet tueri opus hue manus; and give as
much life to this present suit for the solicitor's place as may
be without offending the queen : for that were not good for
me. The next is, that if I did shew myself too credulous 212
to idle hearsays, in regard of my rt. honourable kinsman
and good friend sir Robert Cecill, whose good nature did

u 4



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see ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO well 4Uiswer my guest lilierty, your ktrdsbip will impute
^^^' it to the ccnnplexion of a suitor, and of a stirred seaack
suitor, and not mine own inclination. Lastly, that howso-
ever this matter go, yet th^t I may enjoy your lordship^s
good favour and help, as I have done, in re^urd of my pri-
vate estate. Which as I have not altogether neglected, so I
have but negligently attended ; and which hath been bet-
tered only by yourself, (the queen except,) and not by any
other, in matter of importance.

This last request I find it more necessary for me to
make, because, though I am glad of her majesty^s favour,
that I may with more ease practise the law, which percase
I may use now and then for my countenance; yet to speak
plainly, though peiliaps vainly, I do not think that the or-
dinary practice of the law, not serving the queen in jJace,
will be admitted for a good account of the poor talent that
God hath ^ven me. So, as I make reckoning, I shall rei^
no great b^iefit to myself in that course, that am de«ring
the continuance o( your lordship^s goodness as I have hi-
therto found, and on my part sought also to deserve. I
commend your good lordship to God^s good preservation.
Fnmi Gray's Inn, this dlst of March, 1594.

Your lordship'^s most humbly bounden,

Fr. Bacon.



Number CXLVIII.

Sir Thonuis MUdmay moveth to keep a register of all
strangers coming into the realm. {Hitherto refused out
qf a compasswny as it s^ems^ of the poor people^ that
came aver hither Jbr the sake of their religion and their
lives.)

THE queen's most excellent majesty, even from the Sm
b^^ning of her gracious reign, having manifested to all
the world her godly zeal uid inclination to the true service
of Almighty God, by abolishing idokitry and superstition
from among her people, causing his vf&td to be preached.



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UNDER QUEEN ELISABETH. 9fft

wd his gospel to have free piissage throughout her high* a^nno
neas^ dominions, hath thereby (through the malice of the '^^^'
iq[)IMrent adversaries to God^s truth) procured henelf many :
bom wboae danger nevertheless God hath, in his great
mercy, miraculously defended her majesty, notwithstanding
their practices both abroad and in her own realm ; tending
(o the overthrow of religion, the pml of her rpyal person,
and the utter subversicHi of the commonwealth. In this
time of her hi^hnesa^ reign, (h^ prinoely demeney is soch,)
she hath permitted and suffered a number of strangers and
foreigners of sundry nations (without account rendered of
the causes of thor coming) liberally and freely to have ac-
cess into this refdm, and under the colour of religicm and
oonacience, here to inhabit and accede at thenr wilTs and 213
jdeasures; protected from those exactions and persecutions
wherewith they were like to have been miserably afflicted
in thw own natural countries: a work highly pleasing
God, greatly honourable to her majesty, and worthily com-
ssendaUe among all good men.

Howbeit nthenoe heretofore among many good princes,
her majesty^s manly progenitors, and in other well-govemed
common wealths at this day, (joining policy with pity,) it hath
been and is reputed great wisdom to provide means, that
the certain number of fof&gof&cs and strangers oombg to
inhabit this our country or any other, and the several occa-
sions of th^ coming, might be certainly known by noto-
rious and perfect regbters, kept in some special office to be
aj^xiintad for that purpose, of what nation each foreigner
were, the cause of his coming, hb calling and condition, art
and sdence, when and where he arrived, in what place he
inhabited, and what time he returned again into his own .
country.

It may so now please her majesty, of her special grace
and favour, for these necessary reasons ensiung, for the
yearly rent of 40L to be paid into her highness^ court of
exdiequer, and in consideration of the true and ftuthfiil ser-
vice d<me unto her miyesty for the space of twenty-«^t years
now past, by sir Thomas Mildmay, kt. her grace's servant.



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«96 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO to erect an office for that purpose by her highness^ letters
1594. patents, making and ordaining him, the said sir Thomas,
officer thereof; granting unto him and his aadgns pow^
and authority thereby, for the term of twenty-one years, to
b^in fix>m the feast of the birth of our Lord Grod last past,
to make and keep a r^;ister and roisters, yearly, of the
names, ages, and abilities of body, countries, callings, arts,
sciences, places, of habitation, causes of repair hither, and
times of departure hence, of all foreigners and strangers,
now being and inhalnting within this her highness* realm
of England, and of all other that shall from time to time
come into this realm to inhabit, or pass forth of the same,
during the same term of twenty-one years ; except all am-
bassadors and their tnuns, noUemen or gentlemen, ladies or
gentlewomen, coming of pleasure to see her majesty and her
realm, and Scots. Allowing to the same sir Thomas Mild-
may, or his asngns, for the first entry after, during the
continuance of the said term, four pence for every poll of
such as be householders, and two pence the poll for children
and servants; and four pence the poll for every one that
shall depart the realm again.

The recbsons to prove this suit beneficial Jbr the com-
monweaUh*

1. Although the number of foreigners and strangers, now
inhabiting and being within the realm, may not as yet be
reputed over great, yet is the same meet to be certainly
known. And well may it be feared, that the wars and af-
flictions now being, and like to continue sharp in the coun-
tries adjacent, may procure a greater number to repair hi-
ther, than with good policy were fit to be endured.

^ It were necessary . to . know of what nation each fo-
reigner is, and the cause of his coming. So may her ma-
jesty's friends be known from those who are subjects to
other princes or states, her enemies ; and cannot in reason
be thought to come among us either for zeal for 'religion
314 or love to her majesty, but rather to practise against her
highness and her state, or at the least to rob us of our com-
modities, to enrich themselves.



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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH. ^899

8. The strangers that do now inhabit here, dther have ANNO
placed themselves in the heart of the realm, as London^ *^^^'
Norwich, and Canterbury, or in the port-towns, as South-
ampton, Sandwich, Colchester, and divers others; where
they are ready to do mischief, being of power, (time and
occasion serving them,) or otherwise lie fittest to engross
our commodities into their hands, and to transport the
same to their own private benefit and our great hinderance.
And therefore it is expedient to know certainly the num-
ber of them, their callings and trades. So as always at her
majesty^s pleasure the same number might be abridged, if
either it should seem perilous to the state to suffix it, or
that it might be granted to such of her majesty^s subjects,
artizans and mechanical persons, to be impoverished by
the multitude of strangers, being of their trades and fa-
culties.

4. Even as her majesty, by her gradous favour, doth
protect such as repair hither sincerely for their conscience
sake and for reli^on, so is there no reason ; but such as
make reli^on the colour of their coming, and are in truth
irreligious, and frequent no church at all, such he known and
discerned fix>m the other, as by this means they may be.

5. Her majesty, by knowing their number, ages, and abi-
lities of body, may understand what serviceable men there
be among them, fit to be employed in the wars, if it should
so please her majesty to use them. And accordingly to in-
crease armour and weapon at their charge, to be kept in
store at her majesty'^s appointment, for the benefit of the
realm, as occasion shall serve to have the same used, either
by our own countrymen, we having among us many more
aUe bodies than we can easily arm, or otherwise at her ma-
jesty^s pleasure.

6. There be many known rich men among them, and
others very able, (though not so greatly noted,) which live
obscurely only to benefit themselves by usury and exchange
of money, without doing good to our commonwealth. These
men are meet to lend her majesty great sums of money at
all times, if it be her pleasure to use it, and thereby ease



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900 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO her highness^ own sabjecU. And by the raster such may
^^*^' upon all occasions be found out.

7. Many stiangers and foreigners, after they have once
greedily gotten into their hands ^eat riches and treasure
by engrossing our commodities, suddenly depart the reahn,
and many times steal away with oth^ men's goods, with-
out any potioe given or taken thereof. A matter very hurt-
ful to the commonwealth, and would be holpen, if the time,
place, and manner of their departure were observed and re-
gistered.

8. Under the cobur of merchandize and religbn, many
intelligencers and spies adventure to come hither among us,
to the prejudice of tl^ state : which would be reformed, if
the cause of their connng was well understood and dis-
creetly examined.

9. If the meaner multitude of her majesty'^s people should
(as in former days) happen, upon scmie fantastical conceit,
to find themselves grieved at the extreme prices of victuals,

215 or the great enhancing the rents of houses, where the fo-
reigners inhabit: suppose the numbers of them be the
cause, it would by the register plainly appear whether it
were true or no ; and at all times be reformed with speed,
at her majesty^s good pleasure.

10. There be few or no poor people among them ; so as
it cannot be justly intended, that this payment of 6d. for
the first entry, and 4id. and fid. yearly i^ter, as aforesaid,
cannot be offensive. And it is very evidently seen and
known, that after they be once settled here they beocnne
wealthy in short space, however poor and needy they w&x
at their first coming. Therefore the burden being so small
to them, nothing being thereby taken from any of our own
nation, but so many benefits growing to the realms by the
moans of erecting the said office, and a yearly revenue ami*
ing to the crown thereby, it may therefore please her most
excellent mtyesty to favour this humble petition ot the said



Online LibraryJohn StrypeAnnals of the reformation and establishment of religion, and other ..., Volume 4 → online text (page 28 of 54)