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searched out in each ward ; and a certifioate thereof sent in.
to them : which accordingly was taken by him. at large, and
entered in a warrant book : with his letter to them. P. 559.

Anno 1571. Number II. A proclamation against retainers : for restraint of



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THE CONTENTS. xxxvii

nmkitodes of oeedle&s servanU^ by wearing gentlemen's liverj
badges, and other ensigns and tokens. P. b77*

Nomber III. Miuatet of a letter from the privy-council to the
qoeen*s officers at Chester^ to stop all ships immediately, dated
May 157 1> upon appreheosion of some treacherous and sedi-
tious persons passing that way. P. 579.

Number IV. Upon the massacre at Paris in France, the pro- Anno I57f •
testants fly into England : whereof a brief account was sent
up, of those that escaped to Rye in Sussex from Roan and
Diep, to the number of 641 persons. P. 580.

Number V. The chaplains and fellows of the Savoy to the lord Anno 1578.
BurgUey, lord treasurer of England, to help them in the mi-
serable condition of their hospital; and that Mr. James of
Oxford might be appointed by the queen to be their master.
Ann. 1573. P. 581.

Numbo* VI. To which address of the fellows of the Savoy may Anno 1576.

be added a more particular relation of the state of that hos-

jMCaU as represented Nov. 29, 1575, bearing this title : A brief

declaration of the 9taie of the hospital of the Savoy, as it was

found by her nu^esty*s visitors, anno 1570. P. 582.

Number VII. Thurland admitted again to be master of the
Savoy, anno 1574 : his subscription to certain rules and orders
for the government of the said hospital : and his oath for
performance. P. 584.

Number VIII. Mr. Whitgift of Trinity college in Cambridge,
and the senior fellows of that college, to the lord treasurer 5
in behalf of one of their society : he and the lord Bacon be-
ing their only patrons. P. 585.

Number IX. Dr. Gabriel Goodman, dean of Westminster, to Anno 1577.
the lord treasurer, anno 1577. for Westminster college;
there being then thoughts of reforming some things therein.

P. 586.

Number X. Mr. Robert Bertie to the lord Burghley, annoAnnouso.
1580: concerning hia-son Peregrine*s title of lord.Wil-
kmghby, and right thereto by his mother, the duchess of
Suffolk. P. 588.

Number XI. To which may be added a letter to the Sbroe lord
by Peregrine Bertie, son and heir to the said Robert : claim-
ing the title of lord WiUoughby, a man well known in the
queen*8 reign for his courage, and valour, and wit : who was



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xxxviii THE CONTENTS.

now going into Lincolnshire, to his estate there. Writ
March 1575. P. 589.

Anno i58A.Nnraber XII. A letter of sir Walter Raleigh to the lord trea-
surer^ ann. 1583. concerning the earl of Oxford, under a
cloud at court j for whom he had spoken farourably to the
queen ; being desired so to do by the said lord, whose be-
loved daughter Anne that earl had married. Occasioned by
some quarrel between the earl and some other noblemen.

P. 590.

Anno 1580. Number XIII. Francis Bacon, son to sir Nicolas Bacon, lord
keeper, his letter, written In the year 1 580, to the lord trea-
surer Burghley, who had recommended him to the queen's
favour for some place under her ; and her majesty*8 gracious
answer in his behalf.
This P. B. was sir Francis Bacon, afterwards lord Veruhim,
viscount St. Alban's, and lord chancellor of England. P. 591.

Anno 1588. Number XIV. The bishop of Ross his letter to Mary queen of
Scots, abbreviated in the Annals, vol. iii. p. 104. thus weat on
at large, being the continuation of it. P. 593.

Anno i58b\ Number XV. A letter of Edwin Sandys, archbishop of York,
May the 22d, 1586, to the lord treasurer, lord Burghley : jus-
tifying himself against certain accusations laid against him,
and complained of to the queen by the dean of York, for
leashig out the church lands by reversion -, which had brought
him up to court to vindicate himself. P. 595.



Manuscript Notes of the Rev. Thomas Baker. P. 599*



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BRIEF

ANNALS

OF

CHURCH AND STATE,

UNDER

QUEEN ELIZABETH.

Number I.

Report Jrom sir Edward KeUy in Bohemia, Jtme 1589)
against Parhyns a Jesmt: brought by Robert Tatton
and Geo. Leycester. ' Thus writ upon the backside of the
paper JbBowingy by the lord treasurer Burghley, viz.

Certain artides of the discovery of high treason, made by
sir Edward KeBy, baron tf Bohemia, unto certain Eng^
Ush gentlemen, which came to visit him ai Tribona in
ihe said kingdom, the latter end of June, 1589> whose
names are here subscribed.

I. X HAT fourteen days before the feast of Pentecost last
past, one Parkjns, bom in England, and now a Jesuit, ^
came from Rome to the city of Prague in Bohemia. And
there coming into an inn, where the said Ac E. K. was, and
uttering divers noTeldes, among others he plainly (but as
it were in great secresy) opened to the said sir £. E. this
horrible cons[Hracy against her majesty :

I. That there were now seven such ways or means, con-
cluded and agreed upon by the pope and his confederates,
for the murthering of the queen, that if the first, second,
third, fourth, and fifth fmled, yet were the [plou] &c. in

VOL. IV. B



ANNO

1589.



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2 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO such sort to be executed, that the sixth ^r seventh should
'^^^' take effect : yes, if all the devilsTnTiell thereunto say nay.
2 II. And further Parkyns declared, that those ways and
means were by him and his coherents to be executed against
her majesty'^s own person : for the performance whereof he
declared also, that he would forthwith go into England by
the way of Danzige. And so from thence, in the habit of a
merchant, into England.

III. That when the said sir E. E. declared the same
strange news to the lord Rosenburgh, viceroy of Bohemia,
the said Rosenburgh told sir Edward, that the said Parkyns
was the right hand, or chief man to the king of Spain and the
pope, in till their treacherous enterprises against England.

IV. At the same time and instant the said L. Rosen-
burgh shewed unto sir E. E. a letter, written by one of the
chief of the stat^ of the Low Countries with the empercn*,
requesting the emperor to be a means to take up the matter
between tliem and the king of Spain. And also requesting
this emperor to send them some aid, to help them away
with the English that were in those provinces.

V. That the said sir Edward, at his faithftd disdoang
those things (thus by divine Providence come to his know-
ledge) to these subscribed gentlemen, did furthermore much
marvel and wonder, how it was possible that the strangers
of the Low Countries, dwelling in En^nd, would or could
lend and send unto the emperor or king of Spain a milHon
of gold at any time or times, to his or their helps : which he
of his certain knowledge assured to be done. But he well
hoped, that the treason therein by this time was come to
the knowledge of some of her nmjesty^s most honourable
privy-coundl.

" We Robat Tatton, and George Leycester, gentlemen,
<< do witness these articles, and the effect of every part of
'^ them, to have been declared unto us, and Edmund Hil-
** ton, servant to the rt. worshipful John Dee, esq. by the
'* within named sir E. E. at our being with him at Trebona
** in Boeme in the end of June last, 1689.'*'

To which may he added two letters to the said Kelly ^

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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH. S

wroie 6y Ae lord ireantrer BurgUeyj as a remaining me- ANNO
morial of Ae samejamoui num^ some time of tide nation a ^^'
native.

Number II.

The lord BurgUey^ lord treasurer y to sir Edward Kdhfj
written ann. 1691, declaring the value he and others had
of Atm, upon the account of his great knowledge and
virtue; and inviting him to return to his own country:
and begging a medicine Jrom him Jbr his old enemy the
gout.

MY most hearty conmtendaUons premised. I have cause
to thank you, and so I do very heartily, for your good, kind
letter sent to me by our countryman, Mr. Hoyden : who
maketb such good report of you, (as doth every other man
that hath had a conversation with you,) as that I am com- 3
forted to hear their reports. Yet I have the same mingled
with some gnef, that none of them can give me any good
aasuranoe of your return hither; the thing most earnestly
desired of all well diqiosed persons to the queen's majesty^
and lo thdr oouBtijmen : and what may be the stays thenar
of, I nuTfr rather guess, than judge them of moment^ to re*
tain a po-son of sudi a value in knowledge and imrtue, (as
I take you to be,) from the consummation of your felicity
in your own native oountry: and so having writ to Mr.
Dyar more largely, I refer myself to his dealing with you :
wishii^ sudi success without further delay, as may be to
the satisfaction of us all here, that love and honour virtue
and knowledge in whomsoever we may find it. And I hope
to bear firom you to have something of your approbation, to
strengthen me afore the next winter against my old enemy
the gout: which is rather by a cold humoiur than a hot^
and prindpally by a rheumatic head. Which I also think
reodveth the imperfection from a stomach, not fully digest-
ing the food received. But to affirm what I take is the
most direct cause is, oppression of affiurs, and lack of li-
berty: against the which no medicinal receipt can serve.

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4 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO And yet I will be glad to make much of any receipt you
'^^' shall send me, ^dth your assurance that it shall do me no
harm.

And so I pray Grod to direct you to bestow your gifts
that God hath given you, rather upon your own prince and
country, than upon strangers. From the court now at my
house of Theobalds, the of May, 1691.



Number HI.

The lord treasurer Burghley to rir Edward KeUy^ in
swer to a letter from him^ braugkt by Mr. Dyar. Exhort-
ing him earnestly^ amd that by conmumdjrom the queen^
to come over into his own native cotmtry; that they might
receive the honour and service that his great wisdom
and knowledge deserved. Written by that lord's own
hand.

Good sir Edwald Kelly,
I HAVE received your letter, brought by my very
friend, Mr. Edward Dyar: with the style whereof, and
wisdom well mixed, and with a natural dutiful regard to
your country and sovereign, I have been lx>th much de-
lighted and fully satisfied. And for any particular answer
to the parts of your letter, I need not otherwise to write
thereof, but in this general sort, that I like of all that you
have written ; although I should have best of all liked of
your own access. I will not enter into argument of the
misliking I have in that you cannot. For without more par-
Ucular knowledge of the impediments, I may not give any
4 such censures, as some inconsiderately, yea, uncharitably
may do. I conceive by your writing, that you confess a de-
sire to return to your native country; which is very com-
mendable in you. I perceive also by your own words ex-
pressly, that your mind draweth you toward your gracious
sovereign ; whom above all worldly majesties you deare to
serve and please : which intent you also desire me to fur-
ther. And what can be required of any Christian subject



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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH. 6

beyond this ofier ? No Momus can reprehend this sincerity. ANNO
And yet, nevertheless, I would not have you ignorant, that '^^'
sundry men, being not acquainted with these your faithful
(^ers and purposes, let not in some sort (ance it is seen
that you came not with Mr. Dyar) to divine variously of
your stay. Some sajring, that you do forbear to come, be-
cause you cannot perform that indeed which hath been re-
ported of you. Some, that you are indeed by such as bear
not the queen nor this realm any good will, (not to come to
ben^t her majesty.) Some allege, that your own pro-
fesaon of religion doth not agree with ours here. Yea,
some, that are maliciously disposed, say, that you are an
impostor with your sophistications, as many heretofore, both
here and in other countries, have been proved ; and that you
would fear to be proved such an one here, because of
usurers severe punishment.

Now, good kni^t, though I write thus plainly to you,
yet such is my credit in Mr. Dyar; such is my allowance
of your loyal profession; such opinion I do firmly conceive
of your wisdom and learning, expressed in your letters; such
also is my persuasion of your ability to perform that which
Mr. Dyar hath reported, by reason of the esdmaUon, ho-
nour, and credit I see that you have by your behaviour; a3
I rest only unsatisfied in your delay of coming : and again
expressly commanded of her majesty to require you to have
regard to her honour, and accordingly to the tenor of her
former letters to.assure yourself to be Angularly favoured ;
yea, in respect of the benefits that you may, by the gifts
that God hath given you, bring to her majesty, to be ho-
noured, to the comfort of yourself and all yours. And here
I need not to use any further arguments to persuade you
to this effect, considering natural reason may draw you to
be assured of any worldly reward convenient for you, that
is in a princess power, whom you shall make so happy for
her surety, as no subject that she hath can do the Uke.

Good knight, therefore let me end my letter with God^s
hcAj name: by which I do conjure you, not to keep God's
^fts from your natural country ; but rather to help to make

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6 ANNALS OP CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO her majesty a glorious and victorious prince against die
^^^^' malice of her and God's enemies. Let honest glory move
your natural heart to become honourable rather in your
own country than a strange; and to leave a momment of
your name at home to Idl posterity. Let no other countiy
bereave us <^ this fdidty, that only, yea, only by yon, I
say, is to be expected. And now let no time be more driven
off and lost; considering we are all mortal; you that dionld
be author hereof, and this noble queen that should be the
receiver thereof.

All this letter is by me written, as an answer to your kt^
ter sent by Mr. Dyar. And now I may not omit to thank
5 you for the mountain or rock that you sent, and was safdy
brought to me from Stoden: wliidi I will place in my
house, where I do bestow other rare things of workman-
ship ; and shall be a memorial of your kindness. Wishing
I mi^t enjoy some small receipt from you, that might
comfort my spirits in mine age, rather than my coflfers with
any wealth : for I esteem health above wealth.



Number IV.

Sir Francis KnoUes^ lent trea,surer of the chamber to queen
Elizabeth; to the lord Burghley^ lord high treasurer.
A letter of some sharpness against the superiority of
bishops,

I HAVE received your lordship's letter <^ the first of
August : wherein I have received very small comfort, and
small hope of the good maintenance of her majesty's safety,
consisting in the sincere maintenance of her majesty's su-
preme government, against the covetous ambition of clergy
rulers. For your lordship saith, the question is very dis-
putable, whereof I wrote unto your kntlship. And I must
needs confess, that Campion's disputation agmnst the hu-
mility of Christ's doctrine, and for Uie advancement.<^ Anti-
christ's^ doctrine, was not only allowed to be disputable, but
also it was very plaurible in the minds of all those that fa-



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UNDSR QUEEN ELIZABETH. 7

^KNured the worldly, pompous rule of Christ^s government, anno
For the nature <tf oovetous ambitkm in church governors .J!lf^l_
hath always despised the humble and base style of Christ's
doctrine and government For the high priests and gp.
vemors of the church of the Jews, when Christ came unto
than, they made it disputable, whether Christ were worthy
U> die, or not. But time disputi^tion lasted not loi^: for
the proud ambitious rulers of the church resolved quickly
that Christ was w<Nrthy to die. And Christ himself bewaiU
ii^ the proud ambitious government of the Scribes and
Pharisees, burst out and said, O Jerusalem, Jerusalem^
&ۥ Whereby ajqpearethf that the church governors in all
times, that are once stuffed with the ambitious pride of
wcMrldly rule in the church, could never away with the hu*
miUty of Christ'^s heavenly doctrine and spiritual rule in
thediurch.

And as touching the superiority of bishops to be dis-
allowed, as a false claim^ it seems to me, that Christ himself
hath plainly decided the matter, at what times as the apo-
stles at two sundry times did seem to murmur and strive,
who should be the greatest after Christ's departure from
them. Where it seems to me, that Christ condemned plainly
all claiming supericnrity among his apostles : the which rule
if our bishc^ would follow, as no doubt they would, if
her majesty's supreme government were stoutly stand unto,
then they would be contented to forbear their claimed su-
periority of government in the church, which Christ con<»
demned in the apostles; and they would be satisfied with 6
that equality which Christ left to the church among the
apostles.

But here you must not take me, that I do deny that bi-
shops may have any lordly authority or dignity that they
have enjoyed, so that they claim it not from a higher au-
thority than directly from her majesty's grant. But I do
not mean hereby to contend with your lordship, through
whose as^stance I have always hoped that her majesty's
safety (consisting in that thorough maintenance of her ma-
jesty's supreme government) bhould be jealously preserved;

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8 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO but yet your lordship must pardon me, although I do not
'•'^^^* think that her majesty^s safety is any thmg the better pre-
served, because our bishops dare not oppose themselves and
their credit against her majesty^s supreme government For
it is the Jesuits, and not our bishops, that must bring her
majesty^s safety into peril, if this maxim may be allowed
unto the same Jesuits, that our bishops of England are not
under-govemors to her majesty of the clergy, but that they
are superior governors over the said inferior clergy by Gkxl^s
own ordinance, [i. e. jure divino.] Whereupon it must
needs follow,' that her majesty is not supreme governor ovei^
the clergy, if so be that our said bishops be not under-go-
vemors to her majesty, but superior governors by a higher
claim than directly from her majesty.

But my trust is, that the cause of your lordship^s writing
unto me, that the question is very disputable, is not for
that your lordship is of that opinion, but rather for that
your lordship would bridle and stay me from running t€X>
fast before your lordship in the matter of her majesty'^s
safety. But although I have always been and must be plaiQ
with your lordship, in the matter of her majesty^s safeQr,
yet if it shall please your lordship to set all the bishops
and all their favourers against me, to prove me a disturber
of their government in their suppressing of preachers, or
otherwise, your lordship shall find, that none of them shall
be able to prove any substantial matter against me, ance
the time that long since her majesty at Windsor did com-
mand me, that I should not deal with the puritans, as then
her majesty called them, because her majesty did commit
the government of religion to her bishops only. Since which
time I have dealt no more with matters of religion than
doth appertain to her majesty^s safety, consisting in the true
preservation of her majesty^s supreme government. The
which may best be called matter of her majesty^s policy,
and not matter of religion ; although the Jesuits do call all
their treasons matter of religion.

Thus fearing that I have been too bold with your lord-
ship, although I do know your lordship doth love to hear all



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UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH: 9

menV o|nnion8, that your wisdom may the better judge ANNO
therecrf*, I do most humbly take my leave. '^^^

At Ewelline Lodge, the ^^^ lordship's to command,
4th of August, 1589. ^- ^noUys.



Number V. ^

Sir Francis KnoOys to the queeriy upon some displeasure *
she had taken against him. Occasioned by his contra-
versy about the superiority of bishops.

My most gracious sovereign^
ALTHOUGH I be unworthy to be trusted, yet I am
not unworthy to be tried, or false in matters concerning the
safety of your majesty's crown and dignity. I found my
old error, that is to say, that I have not heretofore (in
weighty matters) used such temperancy of speech as wiser
men have done to your majesty. Neither have I suppressed
mine abundance of affections, (in so weighty causes,) as wiser
men have done or should do. Now to avoid these my old
errcH^ I do most humbly crave at your majesty's hands at
this present, that it will please you, that my lord treasurer
may be pleased to be a faithful reporter and true dealer be-
tween your majesty and me, and also between me and sudi
as I shall accuse for injuring your majesty's safety, and
your nu^esty's supreme government, so sore presently as-
saulted by the pope and the king of Spain, and their Je-
suitical adherents.

This writ by another hand, being a copy sent to the lord
treasurer Burghley, amdjxnmd among his papers.



Number VI.

One Mrs. Dier had practised conjuration against the queen j
to work some mischief to her majesty ; fir which she was
brought into ques^cnjbr it. And accordingly her words
and doings were sent to Popham, the queen'^s attorney.



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10 ANNALS OF CHURCH AND STATE,

ANNO and EgerUm, her soliciioTy by Walsingham the secret^
^^^^' mid sir Tho. Heneage, her vice-cJwmberlai^ fir their



Jtidffmentqfher cctse; whaee opinion wasy thctt Mrs. Dier
waa not within the compass of the estatute touching
witchcrctfi; Jbr thai she did no acty and spake certain
lewd speeches^ tending to ih&t purpose: but neither set
Jigv/rCy nor made pictures. T%e attorney's and s6Uciior*s
letter in answerJbUaws.

OUR humblest duty done unto your honours. It may
please you to be advertised, that we have perused the several
examinations which your honours sent us oonceming Mrs.
Dyar. Where we find very lewd and undutiful q)eecbe8
8 by her concerning h^ majesty, and of very bad practioes
intended towards her highness. Which matters would re-
Whetiier quire, in our opinion, £arthar examination. Whether any
i^nipted. thii^ concurring with her purpose; and the times thereof
The times would be directly set down. Whidi we may guess at by
lectij fet' Hameltotfs letter. But it would be plainly set down, wh^
dowD. every thing was done or spoken. And for othar matters of
her witchery intended, it appeareth not by any the ex-
No action aminations, that any action of witchcraft was put in use;
craft^at in ^"^ * speech used of such a purpose : which doth not faring
execution, them in danger of the law in that behalf made. Therefore
it would be well looked into whether any thing weare dcme,
as picture, figure set, and such like. And the times would
be set down plainly, when and where every thing was done.
We have also here returned unto your honours the several
examinations sent us concerning that cause. And so do
humbly take our leaves. The 7th of Jan. 1589.

Yoiir honours humbly,

Jo. Popham.
Tho. Egertra.



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ITNDER QUESN ELIZABETH. 11

Number VII. ANNO

Sir Francis Drake to the lard treasurer y concerning the 1—

Jleet landing' in Caakays wUh don Ankmioyjbr recovery
of his kingdom of Portugal

Right honourable^ my very good lord,

SINCE my last letter 9&at to your lordflUp from the
Groine, we have landed our army twelve leagues from
Lisbom, and passed with a navy to Caskays, which is
within five leagues of Lisbom, where we landed sudi forces
as we might conveniantly spare. The long contrary wind
at the Groine, and the ccHEitinuance <^ the same in all our
passage from thence hitherwaids, hath been the cause of
thdr intelligence so long before, of our coming with don
Antonio. By which means the eauemj had gathered their
whole strength out of Portugal and Gullicia into three
several |daces. The first and greatest they continued at
Lisbom. The second in a fort of very great strength, in
the very entrance and mouth of the haven of lisbom. And
the third in twelve galleys.

Our first army remained three days in the suburbs of
Lisbom, and our other troops at Caskays remained there
m days.

All this time there never repaired unto us of Portugal
soldiers above two hundred, or thereabouts. They have



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