John Swett.

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astron


= a star.


ew^r-al o^^r-onomy


agogeiu


= a leader.


dem-agogue ped'SLgogo^



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ETTMOUMJY.



109



Boot.

autos

bios

ballein

cho'le

chroma

chronos

deka

demos

doxa

ethnos

gamos



genea

gonia

graphein

gramma

heUos

hema

hex

hieros

hippos

homos

hydor

idios

isos

kosmos

kratos

krites



Uthos
logos



Force.

one^8 self,

life.

to throw.

bile.

color.

time.

ten.

the people.

opinion.

race.

marriage.



Examples.

aw7(^-g^aph aw'^-crat



Jto-graphy

paraA)o\dk

choler-ic

chrorna-tic

chroni-<i[e

deca-logne

demO'CTBit

ortho-dox

ethnO'logj

hi-gamy



89. Greek Roots.



the earth,
birth; race,
angle,
to write,
a letter,
the sun.
blood,
six.

sacred. .
a horse,
similar,
water,
peculiar,
equal
the world,
power,
a judge.



^r^ography

genea-logj

polygon

graph'iG

grammxir

heliO'tTO^e

hemor-ThBige

heX'SLgon

hiero-glyphiGS

hippo-drome

Aomo-geneous

hydrO'^hohia,

idiot

i50-ther'mal

cosmo-gonj

BiutO'Crat

criti-cise



90. Greek Roots.

a stone. Zi/Ao-graphy



= science.



ge-ology



bio-logj

hyper-hole

melan-choly

chromo

chrono-meter

eleca-goTL

dem-SLgogvie

heterO'dox

ethn-io

•polj-ga^ny

geology

homO'gene'0\i&

dia-gon-al

tele-graph

laono-gram

ai^-helion

hemor-Thoid

hexa'ia'eter

hieV'SiTclxy

hippo-fotsLmus

Aomo-logous

hydro-staiicB

idiom

isos'-celes

cosmO'jpoliinn

demO'cracy

hypO'Crite

sier-oUte
B&ivO'logy



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110



HORHAL WOBD BOOK.



Boot.


Faroe.


Rz»i


npten.


lysis


= a loosening.


ana-/y«i5


^pararlysis


metron


= measure.


gsao-meter


thermo-me^er


mikros


= small.


Twicro-scope


micro-cosm


monos


= alone.


m(?;zo-tone


mon-aich


morphe


= form.


ennorphous


met^-morphosis


mythos


= fiction.


mythO'logj


myth'ical


nomos


= law.


astro-nomy


eco-7iomy


nans


= a ship.


naus-es,


a^TO-naut


nekros


= dead.


necrO'logy


nec'ro-majicy


ode


= song.


mel-ody


-pai'Ody


onoma


= a name.


an-o/^yw-ou8


syn-onym


orthos


= right.


ortho-greifhj


or'tho-epj




91. Greek Roots.




oxjrs


= sharp.


oxy-gen


oxy-^dze


pan


= all.


pan-orsLma,


pan-theou


pathos


= feeling.


Brpathy


patho-logy


petra


= a rock.


petri'ij


petr-oleum


pherein


= to hear.


metarphor


jphos-phor-ons


phos


= %A^.


phoS'iphoms


photO'grajph.


phanein


= to appear.


phan-tom


phen-omenon


pMlos


= a friend.


philos'b-pher


philO'logiBt


phone


= sound.


phon-ic


phonO'gra;phj


phren


= tte WtW(/.


frenzy


frantic


phrasis


= a saying.


'paTarphrase


phraseO'logy


physis


= ?iature.


phys'ics


phys'iologj


polls


= c%.


poli'te


poli'tics


polys


= ma;iy.


poly-puB


poly-gon




92. Greek Roots.




pnenma


= breath; air.


pneumo-ma,


pneuma-tics^


protos


= /rsjf.


protO'tjpe


protO'jplasm.


psyche


= 50tt?.


psychO'logy


metem-psychO'Sia

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ETYMOLOGY.


11


Root.




Foroe.


Kxamples.


pyr (pus)


=


fire.


^oyro-technics


pyre


rhein


=


to flow.


cata-rr/i


rheum


scopein


=


to look.


i^lQ'Scope


micro-scope


schole


=


leisure.


school


schol-a&tiG


sophia


=


wisdom.


philo-50j»%


sophi'Strj


sphaira


=


sphere.


hemi'Sphere


spher-icitj


stasis


=


a placing.


system .


eC'Stas-y


thesis


=


a placing.


\&yn.4hesis


Sinti'thesis


techne


=


art.


tecknO'logj


-polj'technic


theos


=


god.


eirtheist


theo-logy


therme


=


heat.


therm'Om'eter


therm-al


tomos


=


a cutting.


BJiSirtomy


e^i't'ome






93. Greek Roots.




tecton


z=:


builder.


aichi'tect


arch'i-^ec^-ure


telos


=


end; distance, ^efe-phone


tele-sco-pe


thermos


=


hot.


therm-ic


thermo'gm^h


tones


=


tone.


S(rt07l'ic


mono-tone


topos


=


a place.


^opo-graphy


u-top-iB,


tropes


=


a turning.


helio'trope


trop-ic


typos


=


an impress.


typ'ical


typo-gra.-phj


zeon


=


an animal.


zoo-logy


5;od-phyte



94. Words of Greek Derivation.

Graphein = to write. Grapliy = vyriting. Gramma = writing.
Eequire the root signification and the full definition.



au'tograph
bi og'ra phy
au to bl og'ra phy
bib li og'ra phy
chi rog'ra phy



ge og'raphy
his tri og'ra phy
hy drog'ra phy
li thog ra phy
lex i cog ra pher



ste nog'ra phy
or thog ra phy
te leg ra phy
tel e graph ic
gram ma'ri an



cal lig ra phy pho nog ra pher par al lei o gram



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112



NORMAL WOBD BOOK.



ep i gram mafic
pho tog ra phy
pho to graph'ic



ty pog'ra phy
ty po graph'ic
par^a gr^^h ist



bi o graph'ic al
gram mafic al



95. Words of Greek Derivation.

Logos = mence, reason, a speech, a word,
Beqoire the root meaning and the full definition.



apol'o gy
eu'lo gy
ge ol'o gy
psy chol'o gy
phi lol'o gy
phy si ol'o gy
min er al'o gy
phre nol' o gy
et y mol'o gy
or ni thol'o gy
en to moFo gy
chro nol'o gy
ich thy ol'o gy
tech nol'o gy



a pol'o gize
eulo gize
ge ol'o gize
psy chol'o gize
phi lol'o gist
phys i ol'o gist
min er al'o gist
phre nol'o gist
et y mol'o gist
or ni thol'o gist
en to mol'o gist
chro nol'o gist
me te or ol'o gy
pa thol'o gy



a pol'o gist
eu'lo gist
ge ol'o gist
psy chol'o gist
phi lo log'ic al
phys i o log'ic al
min er a log'ic al
phre no log'ic al
et y mo log'ic al
or ni tho log'i cal
en to mo log'ic al
chro no log'ic al
psy cho log'ic al
ge o log'ic al



96. Words of Greek Origin.



Many of these words have come into English through the Latin.
Require either a synonym or a definition of each word. Let the
pupils use the dictionary.

alms

air

art

ache

blame

balm



chord


choir


fame


chrome


chart


gnome


chyme


crypt


hymn


chyle


cone


lobe


chrism


cyst


lyre


chair


clef


lymph


chasm


disc


nymph

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ETYMOLOGY.



113



myth


pyre


schist


theme


nerve


plague


sphere


throb


phase


rheum


sphinx


thyme


phrase


rhythm


spasm


tomb


phlegm


rhomb


style


tome


phlox


school


spleen


tone


prism


scene


schism


type


psalm


scheme


sylph


• trope


palm


scope


sketch


zone





97. Words of Greek Origin.




ac'me


chro'mo


eth'nic


i'dol


arc tic


chlo rine


em blem


idyl


astral


cy cle


ep ode


i ris


ath lete


crys tal


fran tic


li chen


ar chives


com ma


f ren zy


logic


asth ma


cos mos


gas trie


martyr


axis


des pot


graph ite


ma cron


ba sis


delta


glu cose


magic


caus tic


diet


gym nast


meth od


col ic


dogma


gy rate


mon ad


con ic


dra ma


ge ode


mu sic


cli mate


diph thong


ha lo


mim ic


cli max


ech


hec tic


mor phine


cyn ic


epic


hermit


no mad


cha OS


epoch


hy drant


men


chron ic


e ther


hy dra


op tios




98. Words of Greeic Origin.




oys'ter


pan'ic


pha rynx


phthis ic


oxide


po et


pha lanx


phos phate


olive


pet al


phys ics


plas tic


zone


pars ley


pleura


plan et


pa per


phan torn


pigmy


pseu do






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114



NOBMAL WOBD BOOK.



pae'on


skep'tic


triph'thong


tro'chee


rhu barb


styp tic


ther mal


trag ic


satyr


stig ma


the ist


tra peze'


|Sar casm


ster mim


the sis


zeal'ot


sched ule


stom ach


tho rax


com ic


si phon


sto ic


tro phy


CO ma


syn od


soph ist


ty rant


crit ic


sym bol


tac tics


ty phoon


an gel


symp torn


top ic


ty phus


as ter


sys tern


trop ic


ty phoid


prob lem


syr inge


tri pod


tro che


bap tism




B9, Words of Greek Origin.




ap'o thegm


a zo'ic


chol'e ra


cal'o mel


ar go naut


a or'ta


chrys a lis


ce phal ic


al pha bet


a sy'lum


cat a comb


di'a phragm


aph rism


a pos'tle


era ni um


di adem


ax i om


aes thet ic


clin ic al


di a tom


ag ny


8BS thet ics


croc dile


dy nas ty


an dyne


an then tic


cyn sure


di dac'tic


at mos phere


bot'a ny


CO ma tose


dys pep tic


am nes ty


big a my


cos mic al


di lem ma


au to crat


bron chi a


crit i cism


dy nam ic


an eu rism


cat a plasm


cyn i cism


di plo ma


ac ro bat


cat a clysm


cyl in der


e clip'tic


as ter oid


cat e chism


chi me'ra


ec cen trie


at ro phy


char ac ter


cha ot ic


ec stat ic


a cous'tics


chlo ro form


chro mat ic


ec lec'tic


a cros tic


chlo ro phyl


cos met ic


el lip'sis




too. Words of Greek Origin.




e pis'tle


eu re'ka


ep'i sode


ep'i logue


ex ot ic


em'pha sis


ep i gram


eth ic al


e nig ma


el e gy


ep i taph


ex dus






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ETYMOLOGY.



115



ex'o gen
en do gen
eu phe mism
gan gli on
gen e sis
glyc er ine
gy ro scope
hal cy on
her o ism
her ine
hem or rhage
hec a tomb
her ni a

ma chin'ist
mo sa ic
mu se um
mi as ma
mne mon ics
ne cro sis
ne pen the
no mad ic
ne'o phyte
oph i cleide
or ches tra
ox y gen
ob e lisk
OS tra cize
or tho dox
par a digm

syn'o nym
syn the sis



ho' mo njrm
ho ro scope
hy gi ene
hy dro gen
hem i sphere
hec to gram
her e tic
hex a gon
hyp o crite
hys ter'ics
hy draul ics
hyp not ic
i de'a



i o'ta
id'i ot
id i om
i o dine
i ron y
kil o gram
lab y rinth
log a rithm
lex i con
liturgy
lie o rice
lym phat ic
ly ce'um



101. Words of Greek Origin,
par'al lax pho'to sphere



par al lei
par a site
par a gon
par o dy
par oxysm
par a dox
pan ere as
pan the ism
pan to mime
pan ply
par a ble
pel i can
pen ta gon
pet ri f y
phar i see



phar ma cy
pro to type
pro to plasm
pros dy
pros e lyte
pyth i an
proph e sy
pleu ri sy
plat y pus
pleth o ric
pie o nasm
pol y glot
pol y gon
por phy ry
pyr a mid



102. Words of Greek Origin.

syn CO pe sym'pho ny
sym me try sjrm pa thy



le the'an
ma'ni a
mani ^
mas to dou
mel o dy
me te or
met a phor
mech a nism
myr i ad
mys te ry
mon o lith
mon o dy
mi cro scope

pseu'do nym
pa py'rus
pho net ics
pneu mat ics
pe dan tic
pro phet ic
py ri'tes
rhap'so dy
rhet ric
rheu ma tism
sel e nite
sem i tone
scor pi on
skel e ton
spher i cal
soph is try



syn a gogue
syc a more



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116



NOBMAL WORD BOOK.



syc'o phant


stra bis'mus tym'pa num anon'y mous


syl la ble


tal'i


is man trop i cal


a nal y sis


syl la hfia


tet;


a nus typ i cal


a poch ry phaJ


syl lo gism


tel(


3 scope trog lo dyte a pos tro phe


sy nop'sis


tel<


3 phone the san^rus a pos ta sy


sy rin ga


tech ni cal tra'che a


a rith me tic


scle rot ic


the


ory tri chi'na


as phyx i a


sphe roid al


trag


; e dy zo'o phyte au torn a ton


spas mod ic


trag


^ a canth ♦ zy mot'ic


a ris to crat


sar cas tic


tril


bite a nath'e ma a nach ro nism




103. Words of Greek Origin.


antag'onism




diag'onal


empir'ical


allop'athy




diser'esis


epit'ome


anom'aly




dissyllable


ephem'eral


ae'rial




diphthe'ria


ethe'real


acad'emy




demo'niac


eulo'gium


antith'esis




diarrhoe'a


elec'trotype


antip'odes




diapa'son


eupho'nious


antisep'tic




diaton'ic


enthu'siasm


amauro'sis




epidem'io


gramma'rian


cat'alepsy




epiglottis


geom'etry


crite'rion




esoph'a gus


gymna'sium


catas'trophe




empyre'an


hexam'eter


chame'leon




ep'ilepsy


he'lioscope


chalyb'eate




epicy'cle


hec'tometer


category




econ'omy


hypot'enuse


calisthen'ics




ellip'tical


hip'podrome




104


. Words of Greek Origin.


hypoc'risy




hyper'bole


isother'mal


hyste'ria




hyper'trophy


kalei'doscope


hypoth'esis




isos'celes


monop'oly


hilar'ity




iron'ical


monog'amy



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ETTMOLOGY.



117



misan'tliropy

melo'deon

morphol'ogy

meton'ymy

mathemat^ics

metamor'pluc

metaphys'ics

mon'otheism

nec'romancy

necrol'ogy

neural'gia

ophthal'mia



analytical

apothe'osis

baromet'rical

cyolope'dia

electric'ity

eleusin'ian

erysip'elas

eleemos'ynary

epigrammat'ic

ecclesias'tical

hydroceph'alus

hypercritical

hypocrit'ical

hypochon'dria

hippopot'amus

hyperbore'an



oligarchy

olean'der

paren'thesis

parhe'lion

paral'ysis

periph'ery

perim'eter

parab'ola

periph'rasis

petro'leum

philos'ophy

philan'thropy



phlebot'omy

phenom'enon

pyrom'eter

paregor'ic

protozo'a

polyg'amy

panegyr'ic

pneumo'nia

polyteoh'nic

stalac'tite

therapeu'tics

theod'olite



105. Words of Greek Origin.



hieroglyph'ics

homoBop'athy

homoge'neouB

heteroge'neous

idiosyn'orasy

icon'oclast

kleptoma'nia

meteor'olite

monochromatic

monoma'niac

metaphysi'cian

metempsycho'sis

phantasmago'ria

perihe'lion

pharmacopoe'ia

polysyHable



paraphema'lia

paleontol'ogy

pandemo'nium

physiog'nomy

spermace'ti

stereoscop'ic

ste'reotype

sciat'ica

synec'doche

tautol'ogy

typog'raphy

trigonom'etry

theolog'ical

tyran'nical

teleg'raphy

anthropoph'agi



106. Interesting Derivations.

Bankrupt. Money-lenders in Italy used to siton a banco,
or bench^ in the market-place^ and when one of them was



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118 NORMAL WOBD BOOK.

unable to continue business^ his bench was broken up^ and
he was called a bancrotto, or bankrupt.

Buckwheat. A corruption of boc-wheat, i. e., beech-wheat;
so-called because the kernel is triangular like a beech-nut

Canard [canard, F. = a duck]. A French writer, in
order to test the gullibility of the public, set afloat in the
newspapers a story that one duck ate up nineteen other
'ducks, feathers and all. Hence an improbable story is
called a canard.

Desultory. Koman circus-riders that rode two horses,
leaping from one to the other, were called desultoWesj
hence desuUor came in Latin to mean one who was incon-
stant, or going from one thing to another.

Oood-by. A contraction of God be with you.

Orass-widow. A grace widow, a widow by courtesy;
that is, one temporarily separated from her husband.

Gooseberry. A corruption of IcrauSy or ^^orse-berry. Gor^e
means rough, prickly, hairy.

Saunter [F., aainte terre, holy land]. From idle persons
that roamed about the country, begging alms under the
pretence of going on a pilgrimage a la sainte terre, i. e.,
Palestine, or the Holy Land.

Stalwart [stael-weorth] means worth stealing. A stal-
wort yeoman was one worth stealing, or taking captive in
warfare.

Supercilious. Having an elevated eyebrow ; that is,
raised in contempt, or scorn. Shakespeare speaks of "woe-
ful ballad made to his mistress' eyebrow ; " woeful, because
she is supercilious.

Lady [A. S., hlaef-dige, loaf-server]. One who serves
bread to the family.

Jerusalem Artichoke. A corruption of the Italian word
girasole, sunflower ; called the girasole artichoke because
its flower turns to the sun.



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ETYMOLOGY.



119



107. Curiosities of Derivation.



coU


=


con+Ugare


=


to bind together.


count


=


con+pulare


=


to reckon together.


curfew


=


couvre-feu


=


to cover the fire.


dandelion


=


dent'de-lion


=


tooth of a lion.


debonair


=


debon aire


=


of fine air or mien.


kerchief


=


couvre-chef


=


to cover the head.


legerdemain


r=


leger de main


=


light of hand.


madame


=


mea domina


z=


my' mistress.


rally


=


re + ad-^ligare


=


to bind together again,


verdict


=


vere dictum


=


truly said.


verjuice


=


vert jus


=:


green juice.


verdigris


=


viride ceris


=


green of brass.


vinegar


=r


vinum acer


r=


sour wine.



10$. Hybrids.

Note. — ^As a general rule Teutonic suffixes and prefixes are joined
to Teutonic root-words ; Romanic to Romanic roots, etc. ; but there
are some exceptions. Words formed by a combination of Old English
and Romanic elements are termed hybrids. The following are given
as a few illustrations :



2. English Words with Momanio Suffixes.



-anoe


hindr-ance further-ance


forbear-ance


-age


bond-age tonn-age


wharf-age


-ment


ship-ment lodg-ment


wonder-ment


4et


stream-let brook-let


ham-let


-ess


godd-ess shepherd-ess


4ongstr-ess


-able


eat-able laugh-able


read-able






-M


fruit-ful peace-ful


grace-ful i


-ish


slav-ish Rom-ish


brut-ish 1

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120



XOBMAL waBD BOOK.



-less

-ly

-nes8
-ship



merci-less
intimate-ly
factious-ness
conrt-ship



pas8ion-less
savage-ly
sayage-ness
apprentice-ship



grace-less

final-ly

useful-ness



XXr. Bomanie Words with Sngliah Prefixes,

nn- un-fortunate un-equal im-aided

over- over-rate oyer-taxed over-power

be- be-siege be-powder be-tray

under- under-value under-estimate under-prize



dis-
re-



IV, Mnglish Words with Montanie Prefixes*



dis-like
re-light



dis-masted
re-build



dis-heart-en
re-told



109. Double Forms of Words from the Same Root.

Explain the difference in signification.





bcUm


captive


caitiff


cadence


chance


cattle


chattel


estate


state


esquire


squire


especial


special


engine


gin


fantasy


fancy


fact


.feat


fragile


frail


fidelity


fealty


flower


flour


genteel


gentle


history


story



kill


quell


legal


loyal


market


mart


milk


milch


mint


money


metal


mettle


person


parson


penitenc


e penance


quiet


coy


secure


sure


scatter


shatter


school


shoal


wagon


wain


ward


guard


wise


guise




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ETYMOLO0T. 121

110. Dictation Exercise.

X* Spelling, Capitals, and Punctuation*

The imperial astronomers of Chaldea went up almost to the stars
in their observatories ; but it was a Greek who first foretold an eclipse,
and measured the year. The nations of the East invented the alpha-
bet ; but not a line has reached us of profane literature, in any of
their languages — and it is owing to the embalming power of Grecian
genius, that the invention itself has been transmitted to the world.
The Egyptian architects could erect structures, which, after three
thousand five hundred years, are still standing in their uncouth,
original majesty ; but it was only on the barren soil of Attica, that
the beautiful columns of the Parthenon and the Theseum could rest,
which are standing also. With the decline of liberty in Greece,
began the decline of all her letters, and all her arts, though her
tumultuous democracies were succeeded by liberal and accomplished
princes.— ^«^r<^ Everett.

II, Etymology,

1. Count the words in this paragraph.

2. Italicize the words of Latin or Greek derivation.

8. Find the per cent of Teutonic or Anglo-Saxon derivation.

111. Dictation Exercise.

X. Spelling, Punctuation, and Capitals,

In all its history it has been beneficent. It has trodden down no

man's liberty, it has crushed no State. Its daily respiration is liberty

and patriotism. Its youthful veins are full of enterprise, courage,

and honorable love of glory and renown. Large before, the country

has now, by recent events, become vastly larger. This Republic now

extends, with a vast breadth, across the whole continent. The two

great seas of the world wash the one and the other shore. We realize

on a mighty scale the beautiful description of the ornamental edging

of the bucklers of Achilles —

** Now the broad shield complete, the artist crowned

With his last hand, and poured the ocean round.

In living silver seemed the waves to roll.

And beat the buckler's verge and bound the whole."

— Daniel Webster.
II, Etyfnology,

Find the per cent of classical woyds.



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133 NORMAL WORD BOOK.

112. Dictation Exercise.

Treat as in 111 and llfS,

Oh I But be was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge I
a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old
sinner ! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck
out generous fire •; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster.
The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose,
shriveled his cheek, stiffened his gait ; made his eyes red, his thin
lips blue ; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice. A frosty
rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows, and his wiry chin. He
carried his own low. temperature always about with him ; he iced his
office in the dog-days ; and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas.

113. Dictation Exercise.

Two men I honor, and no third. Elrst, the toil-worn craftsman
that with earth-made implement laboriously conquers the earth and
makes her man's. Venerable to me is the hard hand, crooked, coarse,
wherein notwithstanding lies a cunning virtue, indefeasibly royal as
of the sceptre of this planet. Venerable too is the rugged face, all
weather-tanned, besoiled, with its rude intelligence, for it is the face
of a man living manlike. O, but the more venerable for thy rude-
ness, and even because we must pity as well as love thee, hardly-
entreated brother I — Thomas Carlyle.

114. Dictation Exercise.

Had the Plantagenets, as at one time seamed likely, succeeded in
uniting all France under their government, it is probable that Eng-
land would never have had an independent existence. The noble
language of Milton and Burke would have remained a rustic dialect
without a literature, a fixed grammar, or a fixed orthography, and
would have been contemptuously abandoned to the use of boors. No
man of English extraction would have risen to eminence, except by
becoming, in speech and habits, a Frenchman.— if<w<zt^2ay.



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PA.RT IV.



SYNONYMS



Note. — Synonyms are words that agree in their general meaning,
but differ in their special application ; hence, a careful study of their
shades of signification is required in order to secure accuracy and
elegance in their use. In the study of the following elementary les-
sons, pupils should be trained to make use of the Unabridged Die-
tiouary.

I. Adjectives.

ancient Is opposed to modeimj as, ancient ruins and

castles.
old Is opposed to neio and young; as, old things

and men.

antique Eelates to ancient style of art.

antiquated To what is old, and out of date or fashion.

contagious Means spread by actual contact,

infectious Communicated in any manner.

corporal Pertaining to the body externally j as, cor-
poral punishment.

corporeal Belating to internal structure ; as, corporeal
substance.

enormous Out of rule ; as, enormous expense.
immense Out of measure ; as, immense expanse.

everlasting Means having no end.

eternal Having neither beginning, nor end.



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124



NORMAL WORD BOOK,



general Includes nearly all.

universal Includes e^itirely all.

great Implies extent; as, great bams, fields,

lakes, etc.

grand Includes tlie idea of greatness and supe-

riority.
sublime Expresses the highest degree of grandeur,

human Pertaining to man ; it denotes what we are,

humane Kind ; it denotes what we ought to he.

2. Synonymous Adjectives.

handsome Applies to what is striking, grand, or noble ;

as, handsome men, horses, etc.

pretty To what is small, delicate, or fine; as,

pretty girls, flowers, etc.

beautiful Is a higher term than either pretty or hand-

some, and has a wider application; as,
beautiful landscapes, women, etc.

impracticable From the circumstances of the case.

impossible From the nature of things.

inevitable From the nature of things.

unavoidable From circumstances.

indolent Averse to action of any kind.

lazy Averse to work, labor, or useful employment.

ignorant Lacking knowledge or information.

illiterate Lacking education, or the ability to read

and write.
high Is opposed to low ; as, high hills, houses, etc.

lofty Includes the idea of grandeur as well as

height.
noted Well known for good qualities.

notorious Well known for bad qualities.



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SYNONYMS.



125



primary First in order of place or rank ; as, primary


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