Copyright
John Tregaskis.

Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

. (page 15 of 29)
Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 15 of 29)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


2d Massachusetts

13th New Jersey

107th New York

3d Wisconsin



Total Third Brigade.
Total First Division.



First Brigade.
5th Ohio



7th Ohio

29th Ohio

66th Ohio

28th Pennsylvania. .
147th Pennsylvania.



Total First Brigade.



1




1


6




3


1


9




1


1


8




2


1


9


1


11


4


56


3


20


3


77




5




18




7




23


3


32


3


118




23


8


78


2


21


8


101




1


3


17
2




2


1


1


2


47


20


205


6


90


27


379


SECOND


DIVISION.






1


1


1


15




1




17


2


5




31






3


14




3


1


20


1


4




15


4


14


5


112



28



....


14




10


1


13


7


80


1


104


2


25


15


45


18


174


J


110


4


136




21


....


2




10


5


279


30


533




18




18




38




17


3


27




20



138



Second Brigade.
29th Pennsylvania

109th Pennsj Ivania

111th Pennsylvania

Total Second Brigade

Tliird Brigade.

60th New York

78th New York.

102d New York

137th New York

149th New York

Total Third Brigade

Total Second Division

Artillery Brigade.
Pennsylvania Light Battery E
4th United States Battery F. . .
oth United States Battery K . .

Total Artillery Brigade . . .

Total Twelfth Army Corps



First Brigade.

8th Illinois

12th Illinois (4 companies) .
3d Indiana (6 companies) . .
8th New York



Total First Brigade.
Second Brigade.
6th New York



9th New York

17th Pennsylvania

3d West Virginia (2 companies) .

Total Second Brigade

Reserve Brigade.
6th Pennsylvania

1st United State.s

2d United States

oth United States

6th United States



Total Reserve Brigade.



Total First Division .



First Brigade.
1st Maryland



1st New Jersey . . .
1st Pennsylvania.
3d Pennsylvania . .



\)iili DIVISION — CONTINUED.










KiV"'^




Wounded

Enlist-
Officers, ed Men.


CapVd or
Officers.


pissing.
Enlist-
ed Men.




Officers.


Enlist-
ed Men.


Aggre-
gate.


2




13
3
.5


1




4:3
6

16




1


66
10
22


2




21


1




65


9


98






11


2




39






52






6


1




20


1


2


30


o




2


1




16




8


29


4




36


3




84




10


137






6


3




43


1


3


55


6




61


10




202


23


303


12




96


16




379

3
1
5


1


3.^


539

3
1
5










9




9


18




186


43




767





()5


1,081



CAVALRY CORPS.
FIRST DmSIOX.
1

4

1 5

2



20

21



12



52



13



9

6

4

23



12



SECOND DIVISION.



Total First Brigade.



49
104



10
19



1


7


6


20


5


32


16


40


28


99


8


9


7


11


4


4


4


4


23


28


2


12


5


15


6


17


1


5


203


242


217


291


2f)8


418






2


6


21


9


33



SECOND niVISION — CONTINUKO.

Killed Wounded CnpVd or

Enlist- Enlist-

Officers, ed Men. Officers, ed Men. Officers.
Third Brigade.

1st Maine 1 4

10th New York -Z 4 i

16th Pennsylvania 2 4

Total Third Brigade 5 .... 12 1

Total Second Division 5 .', ,^l i

THIRD DIVISIOX.

First Brigade.

Staff ' . 1

5th New York 1 1

18th Pennsylvania ... 2 4

1st Vermont V?> :> 22

1st West Virginia 2 2 3 11

Total First Brigade 3 18 6 28 1

Second Brigade.

1st Michigan 10 6 37

5th Michigan 1 7 1 29

6th Michigan 1 2 24

7th Michigan 13 4 44 ...

Total Second Brigade 1 31 13 134

Total Third Division 4 49 19 162 1

HORSE ARTILLERY.
First Brigade.

9th Michigan ... 1 4

6th New York 1

2d United States Battery M 1

4th United States Battery E .■ 1

Total First Brigade 2 1 5 ...

Second Brigade.

1st United States Battery K 2 1

2d United States Battery A ... 12

Total Second Brigade 2 .... 13

Total Cavalry Corps 5 85 ^37 315 8

ARTILLERY RESERVE.
First Regular Brigade.

1st United States Battery H 1 1 7 ...

3d U. S. Batteries F and K 1 8 .... 14

4th United States Battery C 1 1 16 ...

5th United States Battery C 2 2 12 . . .

Total First Regular Brigade.. 1 12 4 49 ...

First Volunteer Brigade.

Mass. Light 5th Battery E. j ... 2 1 13

10th N. Y. Battery attached. . f ... 2 .... 3

Mass. Light 9th Battery 1 7 2 16 ...

New York Light 15th Battery 3 2 11

Penn. Light Battery C and F 1 5 18 ...

Total 1st Volunteer Brigade.. 1 15 10 61



Missing.
Enlist-
ed Men.



il



120



Aggre-
gate.



42


98


20


73


18


36


1


28


49


100


78


257



355



....


5




1


...


1




1




8




3




12


15


399


849


1


10


1


34


....


18




16


2


68


::::[


21


2


28




16


4


28



93



AUTILLERY RKSERVE — CONTINUED.



Second Volmiieer Brigade.

Connecticut Light 3d Batter}'

New York Light 5th Battery

Total 2d Volunteer Brigade . .

Third Volunteer Brigade.
New Hampshire Light 1st Battery.

1st Ohio Light Battery H

1st Penn. Light Battery F and Gr.
West Virginia Light Battery C . . ,

Total 3d Volunteer Brigade . .

Fourtfi Volunteer Brigade.

Maine Light tith Battery

New Jersey Light 1st Battery

1st New York Light Battery G . .

4th New York Light Battery K, ,

11th N. Y. Battery attached. . t

Total 4th Volunteer Brigade.

Total Artillery Reserve



General Headquarters

First Army Corps

Second Armj' Corps

Third Army Corps

Fifth Army Corps

Sixth Ai'my Corps

Eleventh Army Corps

Twelfth Army Corps

Cavalry Corps

Artillery Reserve

Total Armv of the Potomac.



Ki\
Officers.


led
Enlist-
ed Men.


Wmmded

Enlist-
Officers. ed Men.


CapVd or
Officers.


■ Missing.
Enlist-
ed Men.


Aggre-
gate.








3




2


5




1




2




2


3




1

y




5

5
3




o


8

5

5




r.


1


13




3


23




2




'>






4




10


1


23


3


37








13






13




o




7
7






9

7








7






7




2




34






36


2


4<)


15


172






242


RECAPITULATION.










Killed

Enlist-
Officers. ed Men.


Wo^tnded

Enlist-

Officers, ed Men.

2 2


CapVd or
Officers.


' Missing.
Etilist-
ed Men.


Aggre-
gate.

4


42


ool


2.57


2,952


82


2,140


6,024


GT


729


269


2,917


13


a55


4,350


oO


528


2,51


2,775


14


.592


4,210


28


:337


129


1,482


1


210


2,187


2


25


14


171




m


242


a^


SJo


120


1,802


62


1,449


3,801


18


186


43


767


2


a5


1,081


.5


8,5


37


315


8


399


849


~


40


15


172


182


13


242


247


2,816


1.137


13,3:i5


5,253


22,990



LIST OF CASUALTIES AT GETTYSBURG, SHOWING THE LOSS SUSTAINED BY EACH STATE.



Maine

New Hampi-hire.

Vermont

Massachusetts. . .

Rhode Island

Connecticut

New York

New Jersey

Pennsylvania

Delaware

Maryland



-Killed

Enlist-
irs. ed Men.


Won

Officers.


tided

Enlist-
•ed Men.


CapVd or
Officers.


■ Missing.
Enlist-
ed Men.


Aggre-
gate.


7


117


40


585


16


301


i,m)


5


56


27


2a5




47


370


1


- 57


13


285




59


415


18


182


79


939


8


311


1,537


1


13


4


74




5


97


4


41


18


165


2


110


840


77


888


298


3,737


69


1,708


6,77'.


8


72


41


448




6;'.


632


.54


633


287


3,4.53


44


1,394


5,8a5


3


18


17


9S


1


24


161


4


25


4


103




4


140



LIST OF CASUALTIES AT GETTYSBURG CONTINUED.



Killed

Enlist-
Offict-rs. cd Men.


Wou7ided

Enlist-
Officers. ed Men.


CnpVd or
Officers.


Missing.
Enlist-
ed Men.


Aggre-
gate.


5


124


60


707


12


351


1,269


5


91


33


351


4


68


562




9


5


29


4


92


139


5


100


40


473


8


180


806


18


173


57


600


4


259


1,111


2


9


4


43


1


8


67


3


47


14


159




1


224


12


159


62


860


6


268


1,367

4

51


5


2


32


9


o




247


2,816


1,137


13,355


182


5,253


22,990



Ohio

Indiana

Illinois

Wisconsin

Michigan

West Virginia

Minnesota

United States Regulai-s . . . .
Army Headquarters — StaH"
Other Staffs



LOSSES OF THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA.

This report is as perfect as it is possible to make it from all obtainable
data. The disagreement in totals cannot be corrected, and the figures do

not cover the real losses of the Confederate commands. The records of
prisoners of war on file in "Washington bear the names of 12,227 Confederate
prisoners captured at and around Gettysburg from July 1 to 5 inclusive.

first army corps.

m'law's division.

Captured

Killed. Wounded. or Missing. Aggregate.
Kershaw''s Brigade.

2d South Carolina 27 125 2 154

3d South Carolina 18 63 2 83

7th South Carolina 18 85 7 110

8th South Carolina 21 79 .... 100

loth South Carolina 21 98 18 137

3d South Carolina Battalion 10 33 3 46

Total 115 483 32 630

Semme.s'' Brigade.

Staff 1 .... 1

10th Georgia 9 77 .... 86

50th Georgia 10 68 .... 78

51st Georgia 8 47 55

53d Georgia 15 72 .... 87

Total 55 284 ,01 430

BUrksdale's Brigade.

Staff 1 .... ... 1

13th Mississippi 28 137 .... ia5

17th Mississippi 40 160 .... 200

18th Mis.sissippi 18 82 .... 100

21st Mississippi 16 87 .... 103

Total... 105 530 92 747



M'LAW'S DIVISION— CONTINUED.



Killed. Wounded.

Wofford^s Brigade.

16th Georgia 9 52

ISth Georgia. 3 16

24th Georgia 4 32

Cobb's Legion 2 20

Phillips' Legion 4 24

Total 30 192

Artillery Battalion.

Carlton's Georgia Battery 1 6

Eraser's Georgia Battery 4 14

McCarthy's Howitzers 2 3

Manly's North Carolina Batterj^ 1 6

Total 8 29

Total McLaw's Division 313 1,538

PICKETT'S DIVISION.

OarnetVs Brigade.

Staff 1

8th Virginia 6 48

18th Virginia 10 77

19th Virginia 10 34

28th Virginia 19 58

.56th Virginia 22 40

Total 78 324

Ariiiistead'.s Brii;i:il .

Staff 1

9th Virginia 71

14th Virginia 17 91

o8th Virginia 23 147

53d Virginia 17 87

57th Virginia 26 95

Total 88 460

Kemper''!! Brigade.

Staff 1 3

1st Virginia 2 62

3d Virginia 16 51

7th Virginia 15 79

nth Virginia 12 97

24th Virginia 17 111

Total 58 3.56

ArtiUerv Battalion.
Blount's Virginia Battery I

Caskies' Virginia Battery „ , ^ ., , ^ • ,

No details obtamed.

Macon's Battery |

Stribling's Virginia Battery I •

Total 8 17

Total Pickett's Division , , , . • . J^2 1,157



Cap

or Jj



lissiiig.



Aggregate.
61

19
36

28



112



327



317



1,499



334



18



37



2,178



1
54



44



62



539


941




1




71




108




170




104




121


643


1,191




4




64




67




94




109




128



731



25



HOOD'S DIVISIOl^.



Killed.
Law\s Brigade.

4th Alabama 17

15th Alabama 17

44th Alabama 2t

47th Alabama 10

4Sth Alabama 8

Total 74

Anderson''s Brigade.
Staff

7th Georgia

8th Georgia 25

9th Georgia 28

11th Georgia 32

59th Georgia 18

Total 105

Robertson'!; Brigade.

3d Arkansas 26

1st Texas 24

4th Texas 14

5th Texas 23

Total 84

Benning's Brigade.

2d Georgia 25

loth Georgia 8

17th Georgia 15

20th Georgia 21

Total 76 299

Artillery Battalion.

Bachman's South Carolina Battery

Garden's South Carolina Battery

Latham's North Carolina Battery ' ^° ^^^^^^ obtained.

Reilly's North Carolina Battery

Total 4 23

Total Hood's Division 343 1,504



Wounded.


Captured
or Missing.


Aggregate.


49




87


66




161


64




94


30




40


67




102


276


146


496


1




1


15




15


114




139


115




189


162




204


92




116


512


54


672


116




143


54




93


73


....


87


86


....


109


398


130


597


66




91


64


....


171


75


....


90


83


....


121



122



497



442



2,289



RESERVE ARTILLERY.



Alexander's Battalion.

Jordan's Virginia Battery

Moody's Louisiana Battery

Parker's Virginia Battery

Rhett's South Carolina Battery.

Taylor's Virginia Battery

Woolf oik's Virginia Battery. . . .



- No details obtained.



Total.



19



114



139



RESERVE ARTILLERY — CONTINUED.

Captured
Killed Wounded, or Hissing. Aggregate.
Washington (La.) Artillery.
1st Company

2d Company V No details obtained.

3d Company |

4th Company J

Total 3 23 16

Total Reserve Artillery 22 137 23

Total First Army Corps 910 4,346 2,290 7,536



42



181



SECOND ARMY CORPS.
EARLY'S DmSION.



Stafie

Hays'' Brigade.

5th Louisiana 5

6th Louisiana 5

7th Louisiana 8

8th Louisiana 8

9th Louisiana 10

Total 36

Hoke''s Brigade.

6th North Carolina 20

21st North Carolina 9

57th North Carolina 6

Total 35

Smith's Brigade.

31st Virginia

49th Virginia 12

52d Virginia

Total 12

Gordon's Brigade.

13th Georgia 20

26th Georgia 2

31st Georgia 9

38th Georgia 12

60th Georgia 4

61st Georgia 24

Total ''^

Artillery Battalion.

Carrington's Virgina Battery „

Garber's Virginia Battery

Green's Battery 2

Tanner's Virginia Battery 2

Total 2

Total Early's Division 156



31


13


49


34


21


60


43


6


57


54


13


75


39


23


72


201


76


313


131


21


172


65


37


111


20


36


62


216


94


345


20


7


27


78


10


100


15




15


113


17


142


83




103


4


5


11


34




43


51


29


92


29


5


38


69




93



270



39



1

5




1

7


6


....


8


806


226


1,188



JOHNSON'S DlVlSlOlt.



Killed. Wounded.

Staff 1

StetvarVs Brigade.

1st Maryland Battalion 25 119

1st North Carolina 4 48

3d North Carolina 39 127

10th Virginia 4 17

23d Virginia 4 14

37th Virginia 10 44

Total 83

NicholVs Brigade.

1st Louisiana 9

2d Louisiana 10

10th Louisiana 14

14th Louisiana . 9

15th Louisiana 2

Total 43

Stoneivall Brigade.

2d Virginia 1

4th Virginia 8

5th Virginia 5

27th Virginia 7

33d Virginia 11

Total 35

Jones'' Brigade.

Staff

21st Virginia 2

25th Virginia 3

42d Virginia 8

44th Virginia 3

48th Virginia 15

50th Virginia 13

Total 58 302

Artillery Battalion.

Staff 1

Brown's Maryland Battery 4 12

Carpenter's Virginia Battery 5 19

Dement's 1st Maryland Battery 1 4

Raines' Virginia Battery 4

Total 10 40

Total Johnson's Division 229 1,2G9

robe's division.
Daniels'' Brigade.

32d North CaroUna 26

43d North Caolina 21

45th North Carolina 46

53d North Carolina 13

2d BattaUon 29

-"Total K>5 635



Captured
or Missing.

1



Aggregate.
2

144
52

156
21

18
54



409


190


682


30




39


52


. • • »


62


77




91


56


....


65


36




38


309


36


oSfi


13




14


78




86


46




51


U




41


37




48


208


87


330


2




2


29




50


37




70


48




56


14




56


43




76


47




99



61



375



1

16
24

5

4



50



1,873



116


142


126


147


173


219


104


117


124


153



116



916



robe's division— continued.



Iverson^s Brigade.
5th North Caroliua.
12th North Carohna .
20th North Carolina.
23d North Carolina.



Total

Dole's Brigade.
4th Georgia

12th Georgia

21st Georgia

4ith Georgia



Total

Eamseur's Britjade.
2d North Carolina...
4th North Carolina..
14th North Carolina .
30th North Carohna.



Total

CNeaVs Brigade.
3d Alabama

5th Alabama

6th Alabama

12th Alabama

2Cth Alabama. . .



Total

Artillery Baftalion.
Carter's Virginia Battery.

Fry's Virginia Battery

Page's Virginia Battery. . .
Reese's Alabama Battery .



Total

Total Rode's Division.



Killed.


Wounded,


Captured
or Missing.


Aggregate.


31


112




143


10


46




56


29


93




122


41


93




134


130


328


308


826


9


29


7


45


4


35


10


49


1


11


5


17


10


49


9


68


'H


124


31


179


4


27


1


32


S


24


24


56


5


87


2


44


6


34


5


45


23


124


32


177


12


79




91


21


109




209


18


113




131


13


65




83


5


41




130



430



No details obtained.



35



421



1,728



RESERVE ARTILLERY.



Broivn''s Battalion.
Dance's Virginia Battery . . .

Hupp's Virginia Battery

Graham's Virginia Battery .

Smith's Battery

Watson's Battery



No details obtained.



Total.



3



19



Nelson''s Battalion.

Kii-kpatrick's Vii-ginia Battery

Massie's Virginia Battery J»No report obtained.

MUledge's Georgia Battery



Total

Total Reserve Artillery

Total Second Army Corjjs.



19



809



3,823



193



24



704



1,305



696



65



2,853



22



5,937



THIRD ARMY CORPS.



ANDERSON'S DIVISION.



Kille/l.
TI'jVcoj-'s Brigade.

8th Alabama 22

9th Alabama 8

10th Alabama 18

1 1th A labama (j

14th Alabama 7

Total 51

Mdhone's BrUjade.
6th Virgiuia

12th Virginia 2

16th Virginia 2

41st Virginia 1

61st Virginia 2

Total 8

Wright's Brigade.
3d Georgia

22d Georgia 21

48th Georgia 16

2d Georgia Battalion 3

Total 40

Berry's Brigade.

2d Florida U

5th Florida 12

8th Florida 10

Total 33

Posey^s Brigade.

12th Mississippi

16th Mississippi 2

19th Mississippi 4

48th Mississippi 6

Total 13

Artillery (Sumter) Battalion.

Company A 1

Company B 2 .

Company C ,.

Total 3

Total Anderson's Division 147

heth's division.

Staff

First Brigade.

11th North Carolina 50

26th North Carolina 86

47th North Carolina 21

52d North Carolina 33

Total 190



^Vounded.


Captured
or Missing.


Aggregate.


r.iu




161


55




58


91




104


69




75


41




48


4<;9


257


777


3




3


12




U


7




9


11




12


10




12


55


39


102


1(X)




100


75




U(i


74




90


46




49


295


333


tiOS


70




81


63




75


84




94


217


205


455


7




7


17




19


23




27


24




30


71




83


7




8


5




7


9




9


21


6


30



1,128



840



,115



159


209


502


588


140


161


114


147



915



1,105



Heth's division— continued.



Killed. Wounded.

Second Brigade.

40th Virginia 4 38

47th Virginia 10 38

ooth Virginia S 26

22d Virginia 3 21

Total 25 123

Third Brigade.

13th Alabama 6 36

5th Alabama Battalion 26

1st Tennessee P. A 2 40

7th Teimessee 5 18

14th Tennessee 3 24

Total 16 144

Fourth Brigade.

2d Mississippi 49 183

1 1th Mississippi 32 170

42d Mississippi (30 205

55th North CaroUna 39 159

Total 180 717

Artillery Battalion,.

Graiidy's Virginia Battery 1

Lewis' Virginia Battery U^ ^^^^jj^ obtained.

Maurin's Louisiana Battery

Moore's Virginia Battery j

Total 5

Total Heth's Division 411 1.905

PENDER'S DIVISION.

Staff 1 4

First Brigade.

1st South Carolina 20 75

1st South Carolina Rifles 2 9

12th South Carolina 20 112

13th South Carolina 31 99

14th South Carolina 27 182

Total 100 477

Second Brigade.

7th North Carolina 5 84

18th North Carolina 4 41

28th North Carolina 12 92

33d North Carolina 10 53

37th North Carolina 10 78

Total 41 348

Ttiird Brigade.

14th Georgia 5 27

35th Georgia 6 42

45th Georgia Ii5

49th Georgia 5 32

Total 16 136



Captured
or Missing.



517



Aggregate.

43
48
34
24

148

42
26
42
23



677

232
202
2a5

198

897



534



2.850



95

11
132
130
209

577

89

45

104

63

88

389

32

48
35
37

152



PENDER'S DIVISION — CONTINUED.



jnnurth Brigade.
Staff



1.3th North Carolina . .
Kith North Carolina.
22d North Carolina . .
34th North Carolina.
3Sth North Carolina.



Total.



Artillery Battalion.

Brooks' Virginia Battery

Graham's North Carolina Battery.

Ward's Mississippi Batter)' ,

Wyatt's Virginia Battery



Total

Total Pender's Division.



Killed.


Wounded.


Captured
or Missing.


Aggregate.




1




1


29


97




126


16


50




66


20


69




89


16


48




64


31


58




79



102



323



No details obtained.



24



262



1,312



110



116



535



32



McIntosh\s Battalion.
Hunt's Alabama Battery. . .
Lusk's Virginia Battery. . . .
Johnson's Virginia Battery.
Rice's Virginia Battery



Total.



Pegram's Battalion.
Brander's Virginia Battery . . .
Brunson's Virginia Battery . . .
Crenshaw's Vii-ginia Battery
McGraw's Virginia Battery. .
Marye's Virginia Battery ....



Total

Total Reserve Artillery .
Total Third Army Corps.



RESERVE ARTILLERY.



No details obtained.



25



No details obtained.



10



17



837



37



62



4,407



1,491



32



48



80



6,735



CAVALRY.



STUART'S DIVISION.

Hampton^s Brigade.

Staff

l.st North Carolina 2

1st South Carolina 1

~il South Carolina 1

I obb's Georgia Legion . 8

Jeff Davis Legion 4

PhiUips' Georgia Legion * 1

Total 17



1


....


1


17


4


23


9


4


14


6




7


6


7


21


10


1


15


9


....


10



58



16



91



STUART'S DmSION — CONTINTIED.



Killed Wounded.

Fitz Lee's Brigade.
1st Virginia 4 8

2d Virginia 1 3

3d Virginia 5

4th Virginia

5th Virginia No report obtained.

Total 5 1«

W. H. F. Lee's Brigade.
2d North Carolina No report obtained.

9th Virginia 6

10th Virginia 1 9

13th Virginia 1 11

Total 2 26

Jones' Brigade.

6th Virginia 4 19

7th Virginia 8 21

11th Virginia No report obtained.

Total 12 40

Jenkiiis' Brigade.

14th Virginia 1

16th Virginia

17th Virginia I No report obtained.

34th Virginia Battalion i

35th Virginia Battalion J

Total No report obtained.

Stuart Horse Artillery.

Breathed's Maryland Batt«ry )

GriflRn's 2d Maryland Battery >- No report obtained.

McGregor's Virginia Battery '

Total No report obtained.

Total Stuart's Division 36 140

RECAPITULATION.

Killed. Wounded.

First Army Corps 910 4,3:36

Second Army Corps 809 3,823

Third Army Corps 837 4,407

Stuart's Cavalry Division 36 140

Qrand total as far as obtained , , 2,592 12,706



Captured
or Missing.


Aggregate.


10


22


1


5


1


6


17


17



29



6


12


2


12


5


17


13


41


5


28


1 .


30



64



Captured

or Missing.

2,290


Aggregate
7,.53t


1,305


5,931


1,491


6,7a=


64


24(



5,150



XIII.



DESCRIPTION OF THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD.



(with map.)

The Map of the Field of Gettysburg, which accompanies this number in
the Souvenir Programme of the Ee-union of the two armies who fought
there twenty-five years ago, clearly points out the salient features of the
ground, as well as the location of the Union Regiments during the battle
and the monuments which will be dedicated during this year.

A verbal description is, however, necessary to point out the striking
features of the ground, that the map may be more thoroughly understood.
Colonel Bachelder thus describes it : The countrv is generally open, and the
surface rolling, though deep forests, high hills and rocky ravines are not
infrequent. The geological formation in this section of the country consists
of a succession of undulations, commencing with the Blue Ridge eight or
ten miles away, and running generally parallel with it in a northerly and
southerly direction.

The next of importance east of the South Mountain, as affects the history
of the battle, is Seminary Ridge, on which is situated the Lutheran Theo-
logical Seminary in the western suburbs of the town. Previous to the
battle this was called Oak Ridge, a local name unknown to the soldiers who
fought there. * * * They naturally called it Seminary Ridge. This
name, christened with fire and baptized in blood, will be retained * * *

As a defensive military position this ridge possesses great advantages * * *
The altitude of Seminary Ridge is not as great as Cemetery Hill and Rido-e

but Its extended position, admitting of a converging fire upon anv
desired locality, more than balanced this defect.

Cemetery Ridge, the next of importance towards the east * * *
seems to have been more capricious in its formation. This is karked by



*



three distinct elevations, standing out in clear relief like bastions on a
rampart. Round Top, its extreme southern terminus, is seven-eighths of a
mile east from Seminary Ridge, and rises directly from the plains beyond,



Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 15 of 29)