John Tregaskis.

Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

. (page 16 of 29)
Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 16 of 29)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

its wooded crest towering high above the surrounding country. From its
northern face a bold shoulder protrudes, separated from the parent mount
by a gentle depression, heavily wooded, * * * known as Little Round
Top. * * * Returning from Little Round Top towards the larger hill
is a rough stony ridge, * * * called " Vincent's Spur." Plumb Run, a
small and unimportnant stream, flows along the western base of these hills
and drains a marshy swale in front of Little Round Top. West of this is a
stony, precipitous undulation called Houck's Ridge, along which the Third
Cor^Ds line of battle ran. * * * jpj^g evidences are that by some mighty
convulsion of nature this ridge was rent asunder at its intersection with
the base of Round Top, thereby draining an extensive body of water in front
of Little Round Top. The gorge thus produced is called the DeviFs Den,
and presents a scene of the wildest character. Huge syenitic boulders are
crowded into this narrow ravine, through which struggles the waters of
Plumb Run, while yawning chasms suggest to the visitor the haunts of the
lurking sharpshooters who occupied them during the battle.

From Little Round Top the ridge, depressed yet well defined, rises gradu-
ally in its northern course to Cemetery Hill, where, obstructed by some
unseen cause, it was hurled ruthlessly back to the east, and in convulsive
throbs expended its force in the formation of Gulp's Hill ; thus leaving a
broad extensive basin northward from the Cemetery Hill, in which, upon a
gentle elevation, is situated the village of Gettysburg. * * * Gulp's
Hill * * * jg irregular in shape, quite precipitous on its eafetern face,
and generally co^red with a heavy open growth of hardy timber. Rock
Creek separates it' from Wolf's Hill. This, like the last, is wooded, but
exceedingly rough, and formed the eastern boundary of the Infantry
operations .

A half mile northeast from Gulp's Hill, on the opposite side of Rock Creek,
and a half mile east from the town, another elevation commences, called Ben-
ner's Hill. This hill continues several miles N. N. E. Its highest summit
is called Hospital Hill, where a general hospital was located soon after the
battle. Benner's Hill was occupied by Confederate Artillery. Turning
back again to the south of the field we find an undulation (Houck's Ridge)
intermediate between Cemetery and Seminary Ridges, yet parallel with
either. It shoots off from Cemetery Hill, and, leading directly across the
valley, intersects with Seminary Ridge at a distance of nearly three miles.
The Emmettsburg Road is laid along this ridge. The historic Peach and
Apple Orchards are here, and on it General Sickles formed his line of battle
on the second day. The foregoing constitute the grand topographical

features of the battlefield. These are again subdivided into minor irregu-
larities, each bearing upon the general result of the battle ; but it will be
impossible to describe them in a book of this size.

These elevations are calculated in feet from the level of the square within the town
, Union Positions. v , Confederate Positions. —

250 feet. }

200 "

1.50 "


2 8

100 "



50 "





? 10 V 13 ^r 14


Level of square in town.




1— Big Round Top

2— Little Round Top 136

3— Devil's Den Hill 28

4 — Peach Orchard 52

5— Cemetery Hill 88

6— Gulp's Hill 96

7_Power's HiU 44

8— Wolf's HiU 132



9 — Opposite Big Round Top 52

10— P. Snyder's House 48

11 — Opposite Peach Orchard 56

12 — Opposite Codori's House 36

13 — Opposite Cemetery Hill 52

14 — Lutheran Cemetery 40

15— Oak Hill 88

16— Benner's Hill 46


Upon the Map facing the next page will be found plainly marked the location of each
Monument that will be dedicated during the Summer and Fall of the present year. If any
are omitted it is because they have failed to report or a change in the intended arrange-
ments has been made since June 1. A large number will be found marked for Pennsyl-
vania; this arises from the fact that changes have been made where monumuents have been
already set up — some have been enlarged or new stones substituted.

The programme of exercises at many of the Memorials will be found elsewhere in this book,
with pictures of the Memorials. The figures following the name of each organization is the
number of the location as marked on the Map. Number 1 is on the extreme left of the Union
Line, in of Round Top, and at the bottom of the Map, and the numbers run in rotation
around to the right of the line on or near the Baltimore Pike. The second series of figures,
relating to the first day's fight, commences on the left of the line on Battle Avemje near the
Fairfield Road.

No. I iVo. I No.

2d Light Battery. .127 3d Infantry 11 6th Infantry .... 117

5th Light Battery. 1.51 ' 4th Infantry 13 7th Infantry 113

6th Light Battery. 60 oth Infantry 32 : 10th Infantry 114

Rigby'sBat'y "A"

1st M'ryl'd Arty 115

1st Infantry .. 4

3d Infantrv 21

N. J. Brigade, 6th

Corps 59

5th Infantry 56 <

1st Ind'p't Battery. 73

4th Battery 13

5th Cavalry 3

39th Infantry 74

40th Infantry 14

41st Infantry 85

45th Infantry 143

49th Infantry 112

52d Infantry 36

54th Infantry 80

57th Infantry 33

60th Infantry 87

61st Infantry 28

Irish Brigade, 63d,
69th and 88th In-
fantry 24

Battery C and F

(Thompson's) 41

2od Infantry 104

26th Infantry 58

27th Infantry 81

28th Infantry 106

29th Infantry 93

46th Infantry 96

53d Infantry 19

56th Infantry 130

57th Infantry 51

62d Infantry 23

63d Infantry 43


No. I No.

1st Potomac Home 1st Cavalry 150

Brigade Ill | 3d Infantry 97


16th Infantry 140

17th Infantry' 37

19th Infantry 07

1st E. S. Infantrv. 110


No. I ^ No.\.

4th Infantry 64 7th Infantry 68 24th Infantry.

5th Infantry 10 I 16th Infantry 6 I



6th Infantry 15

1st Battery 47

7th Infantry 48


8th Infantry 27

Battery A 71

11th Infantry 55



5th Battery 78

13th Battery 144

6 th Cavalrv 134

62d Inf anti y 63

64th Infantiy 17

6.5th Infantry... 1001. <

67th Infantrv 103

68th Infantry 84

73d Infantry 45

76th Infantry 131

78th and 102d Inf 'y. 86
80th Inf y (20th Mil) 119
Excelsior Brig. 70th
71st, 72d,73dand
74th Infantry ... 46


1.5th Battery 44-40

Battery D 26

9th Cavalry 135

86th Infantry 1(1

94th Infantry 138

97th Infantry 139

104th Infantry 142

107th Infantrj'....102
lOSth Infantry.... 7()
119th Infantry.... 145

122d Infantry 91

123d Infantry 99

Greene's Brig. 60th,
78th,102d& 137th
Infantry 88


12th Infantry 75

1st Cavalry 149

loth Infantry 95


Battery B 70

Light Battery I... 83

10th Cavalry 1.51

126th Infantry.... 77

lo4th Infantry 79

137th Infantry.... 90
140th Infantry.... 7
14.5th Infantry.... 93
146th Infantry.... 9
147th Infantrv.... 129
149th Infantry.... 89
1.50th Infantry.... 107
Slialer's Brigade,
65th, 67th & 122d
Infantry 103


Shaler's Brig., 23d
and82d Inrtry..l03

16th Cavalry 108

6Sth Infantry 42

73d Infantry 83

7.5th Infantry 146

81st Infantry 35

82d Infantry 105

84th Infantry .57

88th Inf an try... 1341^

90th Infantry 136

93d Infantry 61

95th Infantry 29

. 30
. 65

96th Infantry,
17th Cavalry.
98th Infantry
99th Infantry

102d Infantry 62

105th Infantry.... 52
107th Infantry..l39K
109th Infantry.... 94
110th Infantry.... 18
111th Infantry.... 92
11.5th Infantry.... 22
116th Infantry.... 39
121st Infantry.. 31-1 18


11th Infantry 133

139th Infantry.... 60
140th Infantry.... 33

141st Infantry 53

142d Infantry 120

143d Infantry 126

145th Infantry 20

148th Infantry... 34

1.50th Infantry 125

151st Infantry 121

153d Infantry 148

* Includes changes, enlargements, substitutions and sometimes a second monument.


No. I No. I No.

State 69| Co's E & H U. S. | 1st Brigade 5

- pshooters (Vt) 2 ! 1st Cavalry 1

2d Infantry. .
7th Infantry.

fantry 109

Co. F U. S. Sharp-
shooters (Vt.)... 54


5th Infantry 116 6th Infantry 128

I 26th In/antry 147

Statue to G-eoera}


No. 1
9 I First Army Corps.










The location of the i
this map. are fixed from the reports of the various
State Monument Commissions, and corrected by
Superintendent Wilson, in charge of the Battle-


Showing pDsitinr^B of Mnnurr^Er^tB
taba dEdicated durir^q 18B8.

Qrigir^al Map


The numbers run consecutively from left to
right on the Union Lines ; No, i in front of Round
Top. and thence through Sykes, Crawford, Sickles,
Sedgwick, Hancock and Slocum avenues, to the
rear of Powers' Hill. Thence to the left of the
Kne of Battle on the first day— from No. I la along
Reynolds and Howard avenues, to Barlow Knoll.
The Cavalry ate in the small map to the right.

To find the location of any monument, look
on the opposite page for the regiment, and then
seek its number on this map.



The routes of the following itineraries are those adopted by the various guides or vehicles
in the town of Gettysburg. They all begin and end at the public square, in the centre of the


From Square in Town to — Miles. —

Battle Avenue 14 S-'O

Fairfield Road 47 3.17

Dr. Wolf's 59 3.76

From Square in Town to — Miles. —

Barlow Ave., Mummasburg Road. .. 1.23

Chambersburg Pike 83 2.06

Reynold's Avenue 18 2.24

Springs Road 32 2.56


.71 447

— Miles. —

From Square in Town to
Peach Orchard, via Emmittsburg

Road 2.34

Devils Den, via Emmittsburg

Road and Avenue 1.18 3.52

Frovi Square in Town to — MUes. —

Rosensteel's Hotel 2.73

Devil's Den 79 3.52

End of Avenue Cross Roads 83 4.35

From Square in Town to — Miles. —

Rosensteel's Hotel, near Sykes

Airenue 79 4.31

Square 2.73 7.04

From Square in Town to

Peach Orchard


FVom Square in Town to

Cemetery Gate

Culp's HiU Avenue 16

Pike by Slocum Avenue 1.32

Miles. —



From Square in Town to

Local County Gate

Battlefield Hotel


— Miles. —
.35 4.70
.34 7.04

— Miles. —
.97 3.18

.25 3.43

.51 S.94

From Square in Town to
C. H. Buehler's Gate

— Miles. —

Note -For this table, the table of elevations and the average of losses by Brigades in the
Union Army we are indebted to Mr. J. R. Hill, Company B, 11th Massachusetts Infantry,
detached to the 4th New York Independent Battery, in which latter organization he fought
at Gettysburg.

194 Fifth Avenue,

Under Fifth Avenue Hotel.

212 Broadway,

Corner Fulton Street.

340 Fulton Street,



In Every City in the
United States.





World Renowned


duality tlieTery BEST.



ill's ilrdla



^ou Manufacturers,


from small Retail Dealer:

All Hats manufactured by this House are the recognized standard of excellenc
throughout the World. None genuine without the Trade Mark.


Gettysburg, Pa.

H. YiisrG-LiisrG^,



Connection with Battlefield


Secure Reliable Guides


Two blocks from W. Md. R. R. Depot and one block fron
G. & H. R. R. Depot.



The eighteenth annual meeting of the Society of the Army of the Potomac
took place at Saratoga Springs, New York, June 22d and 23d, 1887.

At the Ee-union in San Francisco, August, 1886, the Society of the Army
of the Potomac fixed upon Saratoga Springs as its next place of meeting.
The members of the old army were a long distance from their base, and the
usual invitation was not presented, but the members felt that the j^roverbial
hospitality of Saratoga Springs was a sufficient guarantee of a cordial recep-
tion, and they were not disappointed.

As soon as notice was sent, a Local Executive Committee was ajjpointed,
as follows : General W. B. French, President ; Col. H. S. Clement, Col. D.
F. Eitchie, Surg. W. H. Hall, Col. George H. Gillis, Lt. Com. A. E. Mc-
Nair, Treasurer ; Capt. James M. Andrews, Jr., Secretary.

Hotel Accomodations — C. C. Wells, Maj. W. J. Eiggs, E. E. Stevens, A.
F. Mitchell, and J. Mingay.

Committee on Eeception of Veteran Organizations — Maj. -Gen. S. G.
Burbridge, Gen. Geo. S. Batcheller, and Com! E. T. Woodward.

Decoration Committee — A. A. Paterson, Capt. H. C. Eowland, J. W.
Ehninger, S. G. Slocum, E. N. Breeze, B. F. Judson, Willard Lester,
Hiram Hays, G. B. Croff, Chas. Mosher, D. Weatherwax, E. G. Smythe, C.
F. Eich, F. G. Vaguhan, J. F. Case, A. E. Walker, and P. B. Liker.

Transportation — C. Durkee, T. F. Hamilton, and E. B. Beattie.

Excursions — Capt. Lewis Wood, E. F. Knapp, C. D, Thurber, and 0. A.

Militia Organizations — Capt. E. C. McEwen, W. L. Eich, and A. L.

Corps Headquarters— Maj. W. T. Eockwood, Geo. W. Blodgett, and W.
H. Hull.

Invitations— Capt. E. P. Howe, Col. J. S. Fassett, and Charles H.

Livery — Col. Vim. M. Searing, Capt. J. H. Eobinson, and A. E. Carroll.

Keception Committee— Messrs. Henry Hilton, J. M. Marvin, J. E. Putnam,
George West, S. Ainswortli, M. N. Nolan, Edward Kearney, John Foley,
A. Bockes, J. S. L'Amoreaux, E. H. Peters, S. C. Medbury, W. A. Sack-
ett, E. F. O'Connor, A. Pond, Judge Dillon, C. S. Lester, Wm. A. Sliep-
ard, Spencer Trask, W. J. Arkell, C. Sheehan, H. S. Leach, Wm. D. Ellis,

E. C. Clark, J. A. Manning, W. A. Thompson, H. M. Euggles, J. W. Drexel,
J. W. Fuller, Chas. McLeod, Geo. S. Eobinson, Edward Cluett, Geo. B.
Cluett, Col. Lawton, I. N. Phelps, J. E. Chapman, J. M. Andrews, Sr. ;
A. Downing, J. L. Barbour, J. P. Butler, F. H. Hathorn, W. B. Gage, E.

F. Milligan, Nathan Sheppard, Geo. L. Ames, Dr. S. S. Strong, Paul C.
Grening, John M. Otter, D. Yuengling, Jr., John Cox, A. W. Shepherd, G.
A. Farnham, W. ^Y. Durant, L. A. Sharp, Drs. T. B. Eeynolds, C. S.
Grant, John A. Pearsall, Capt. W. W. Worden, Messrs. P. M. Suarez, C.
F. Dowd, Eevs. Chas. J. Young, W. E. Terrett, S. V. Leech, Dr. Joseph
Carey, T. W. Jones, E. F. McMichael, John McMenomy, Messrs. W. C.
Bronson, Geo. W. Langdon, J. T. Bryant, E. T. Brackett, L. W. James,
I. Steinfeld, S. A. Sague, A. G. Hull, William Ingham, F. A. White, W.
Hay Bockes, C. F. Fish, Davis Coleman, Le Grand Cramer, E. N. Jones,
P. L. Brocklebank, Dr. E. H. Eockwood, Eev. Dr. B. Hawley, and Dr. Ed-
ward Clark.

Through the courtesy of the Legislature of the State and Governor Hill,
its Executive, an appropriation of $7,500 was made to send two veteran
regiments to Saratoga. The regiments selected by General Porter, the Ad-
iutant-General, were the Sixty-ninth and the Fourteenth. The other vet-
eran regiment, the Ninth, still in existence, was debarred from going be-
cause of its order to attend the State camp.

The headquarters of the Society and of the several corps were established
at Congress Hall, under the management of Col. H. S. Clement, himself
a member of the society, and a most genial and generous host.

The stillness of the evening of the 21st was broken by the sounds of mar-
tial music. The Sixty-ninth Eegiment, with Colonel Jas. Cavanagh in com-
mand, came down the street in soldierly style, and were followed by the
famous Brooklyn Fourteenth, under the command of Colonel Harry

The detachment was under the command of Brig. -Gen. James McLeer,
3d Brigade, N. G. S. N. Y., who was accompanied by the following staff :

Col. John B. Frothingham, Adjutant-General; Majors G. A. Jahn, A. F.
Jenks, Gr. E. Fowler, G. Kindle, Jr., and Captains Fritz Broze and F. D.

Governor Hill, who arrived early in the day, was accompanied by Adju-
tant-General Josiah Porter, Generals George S. Field, J. D. Bryant, J. M.
Varian, Jr., Charles F. Eobbins, Col. Hilton and other members of his
staff. They were handsomely entertained by ex-Judge Henry Hilton.

Generals W. T. Sherman, Henry W. Slocum, Calvin E. Pratt, Daniel E.
Sickles, J. C. Robinson, J. C. Black, C. K. Graham, Daniel Butterfield,
Lucius Fairchild, F. E. Pinto, F. T. Locke, J. B. Carr, G. H. Sharpe and
N. Curtis, Colonels R. F. O'Beirne, Charles L. McArthur, and F. D. Grant,
with a goodly company of veterans, were also on hand.

In the early morning of the 22d, the Seventh Regiment Uniformed Vet-
erans, under command of General Henry E. Tremaine, some one hundred
and fifty in number, arrived by train, and escorted the President, General
M. T. McMahon, to Congress Hall, where, after giving him a marching
salute, they were happily quartered.

The- village was profusely and brilliantly decorated. Hotels and build-
ings, public and private, vied with each other in the ingenuity and beauty
of their display. Congress Hall was a mass of shields and war and peace
emblems, while the Grand Union, the Windsor, the United States, the
Kensington, and other public houses were smothered under the wealth of
decorative art. A grand triumphal arch, nearly opposite the office of the
Saratoglan, sj)anned the wide main street, and contained the portraits of
Lincoln, Grant and other great celebrities, and the names of many of the
heroes of the war, dead and living. Along the proposed line of march
and stretching across the streets were a great number of banners containing
the names of famous battlefields and distinguished officers. Nearly every
dwelling bore testimonials to the memory of the men who wore the blue.

The meetings of the several corps societies were held at the Town Hall
and Odd Fellows^ Hall.


The business meeting of the Society of the Army of the Potomac was held
at the Casino. There were about 1,000 joersons present, including a row of
ladies who occupied seats in front of the platform. General McMahon,
President, presided, and on the platform, in addition to those previously
named, were Generals Henry A. Barnum, Horatio C. King, Farnsworth,
Fairchild, Burbridge and French, ex-L^nited States Senator Warner Miller,
State Senator Colonel Murphy, General Greely of the Signal Corps and
Colonel D. F. Ritchie.

The President called the meeting to order at 2:30 p, m.

The Eecording Secretary presented the last annual rajjort as the minutes
of the Society. On his motion the reading of the minutes was dispensed
with, and the report was accepted and adopted.

The Treasurer then presented his annual report, which, on motion, was
received and referred to an auditing committee.

General Locke, as chairman of the committee appointed at the last meet-
ing, to prepare a suitable button or bow knot to be worn by members of
the Society, presented the bow knot now in use, which, on motion, was

The next business being the selection of a place for the next meeting,
commiinications were presented from the Mayor and New England Society
of Orange, K. J., inviting the Society to hold its next annual re-union in
that city.


General Sickles offered the following resolutions :

Resolved, That a committee consisting of three representatives of each of
the Army corps belonging to the Army of the Potomac be appointed by the
President of this Society, which committee shall take such action as it shall
deem expedient and proper to commemorate the twenty-fifth anniversary of
the battle of Gettysburg, by a re-union of the survivors of the Army of the
Potomac, on the battlefield, on the 1st, 2d and 3d days of July, 1888.

Resolved, That the committee representing this Society be instructed to
tender to the survivors of the Army of Northern Virginia our cordial invi-
tation to take j)art with us in the battlefield re-union of July, 1888, so that
the survivors of both armies may on tliat occasion record in friendship and
fraternity the sentiments of good will, loyalty and jiatriotism Avhich now
happily unite us all in sincere devotion to our beloved country.

General Fairchild seconded the resolutions.

The President appointed as the committee to report three places from
which the place of meeting shall be selected. General Daniel E. Sickles,
Captain A. M. Matthews, General C. A. AYliittier, General J. J. Miihau,
Lieutenant F. S. Halliday.

After consultation the committee reported the names of Gettysburg, Pa.,
Orange, N. J., and Boston, Mass.

Colonel K. F. O'Beirne and Private H. C. Larowe were appointed tellers.
The ballot resulted as follows : Gettysburg, 138 ; Orange, 93 ; Boston, 58.

General Sickles' resolutions, already presented, were amended to include
all the corps in the Army, and were adopted.


General John C. Robinson was nominated, for President by the Fifth
Corps, The nomination was seconded by the First and Sixth Corps.

General F. C. Barlow was nominated by the Second Corps.

General C. E. Pratt, General H. C. King, General Geo. S. Greene, General
J. B. Carr, were also nominated. General King requested that his name
be withdrawn.

Corporal E. A. Dubey and Lieutenant W. H. Eacey were appointed

General John C. Eobinson having received a majority of all the votes
cast, was declared to be elected President for the ensuing year.

Lieut. -Colonel Samuel Truesdell was nominated as Treasurer of the Soci-
ety, General Horatio C. King as Eecording Secretary, and General George
H. Sharpe as Corresponding Secretary, and on motion the President was
directed to cast the unanimous ballot of the Society for those officers, who
were then declared elected. General King, who endeavored to decline a re-
election, was overwhelmed by cries of " Out of order, ^' in which the Presi-
dent joined, and declared the election carried.

The following resolutions, offered by Corporal James Tanner, Avere
adopted :

Resolved, That the Society of the Army of the Potomac congi-atulates
the country at large that, in obedience to a sentiment vastly dominant
throughout the land, the battle banners wrested by the valor of our com-
rades, living and dead, from the hands of a gallant foe, are to remain, as the
law of the land provides, forevermore under the protection of all the peo-
ple, as represented by the constituted authorities of the nation.

Resolved, That while in the days when we kept step to the martial music
of the Union, when the scenes of camp and field and all the dread accom-
paniments of deadly strife entered so largely into our daily life, these ban-
ners floated at the head of rebellious columns, they are nevertheless holy
relics of our common people. Brave men died to keep them afloat. Brave
men died to bring them down. They shall not be burned. They shall not
be lightly given away by those who in no sense can enter into the feelings
of either those who by the exercise of a heroism unexcelled were enabled
to lay them as trophies at the feet of Abraham Lincoln, or of those who
only surrendered them after a heroic defence which but enhanced the
glory of the capture. For Northern man and Southern man — Union men
all to-day — we demand for those flags such care as will insure their
preservation, in order that generations yet to come may gaze upon them,
not in humiliation or exultation, but to the end that such contemplation
may produce reflections upon the awful sacrifice through which we have
reached our high plane of national existence, and give them firm resolve
that through all their lives this generation will stand solidly for Union,
for Peace and for Fraternity.

The following resolutions offered by General King were unanimously
adopted :

Resolved, That the Society extend its thanks to the Legislature of Xew
York, and especially to Senators Sloan and Murphy, and to Governor Hill,
the Executive of the State, for the generous aj^i^ropriation of $7,500 for the

Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 16 of 29)