John Tregaskis.

Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

. (page 28 of 29)
Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 28 of 29)
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63d Pennsylvania Infantry, R. Howard Miller, Pittsburg, Pa.

68th Pennsylvania Infantry (Scott Legion), Alfred Craighead, 1736 North 16th street,
Philadelphia, Pa.

69th Pennsylvania Infantry (Paddy Owen's Regulars), A. W. McDermott, 41)65 Girard
avenue, Philadelphia, Pa.
7lst Pennsylvania Infantry, W. H. Landell, U. S. Mint, Philadelphia, Pa.
72d Pennsylvania Infantry (Baxter's Fire Zouaves), William Prior, 1110 Dickinson street,
Philadelphia, Pa.
74th Pennsylvania Infantry, Henry Hesserich, Pittsburg, Pa.

75th Pennsylvania Infantry, Herman Nachtigal, southeast corner 23d and Arch streets,
Philadelphia, Pa.

82d Pennsylvania Infantry, W. H. Ridhoffer, 920 Walnut street, Philadelphia, Pa.

84th Pennsylvania Infantry, Mose E. Miechant, 625 Walnut street, Philadelphia, Pa.

SSth Pennsylvania Infantry, John D. Vautier, Federal street, Philadelphia, Pa.

90th Pennsylvania Infantry, W. W. Mayberry, 37 North 10th street, Philadelphia, Pa.

91st Pennsylvania Infantry, A. D. Caldwell, 3601 Spruce street, Philadelphia, Pa.

93d Pennsylvania Infantry (Lebanon Infantry), E. C. Euston, George H. Abler, Lebanon, Pa.

Uoth Pennsylvania Infantry (GosUn Zouaves), David Ayres, Wildreer street, Phila., Pa.

98th Pennsylvania Infantry, A. B. Baemish, 855 North 8th street, Philadelphia, Pa.

99fch Pennsylvania Infantry, Washington M. Worrall, 18.56 North 21st street, Phila., Pa.

102d Pennsylvania Infantry, James A. McLaughUn, County Treasurer's OflBce, Pittsburg, Pa.

105th Pennsylvania Infantry, Miss Kate M. Scott, Brookville, Pa.

107th Pennsylvania Infantry, Captain Samuel Lyon, BJairsville, Pa.

109th Pennsylvania Infantry (Curtin Light Guards), Thomas E. Lewis, 2005 Norris street,
Philadelphia, Pa.

110th Pennsylvania Infantry, J. C. M. Hamilton, Tyrone, Pa.

111th Pennsylvania Infantry, Noah W. Lowell, Erie, Pa.

114th Pennsylvania Infantry (Colhs Zouaves), B. L. Myers Frankford, Philadelphia, Pa.

115th Pennsylvania Infantry, Jeremiah J. SuUivan, 226 Madison street. Philadelphia, Pa.

116th Pennsylvania Infantry (Irish Brigade), Joseph W. Yocum, Columbia, Pa.

118th Pennsylvania Infantry (Corn Exchange), George W. R. Carteret, 1640 South 16th
street, Philadelphia, Pa.

121st PennsN 1\ ania Infantry, John Gallraith, 211 South 6th street, Philadelphia, Pa.

139th Pennsylvania Infantry, Charles W. Green, 142 Ohio street, Allegheny City., Pa.

147th Pennsylvania Infantry, Lieutenant J. P. Nicholson, Philadelphia, Pa.

148th Pennsylvania Infantry, D. S. Keeler, Bellefonte, Pa.

149th Pennsylvania Infantry (2ud Bucktails), W. R. Johnston, Bellevue, Pa.

150th Pennsylvania Infantry (3d Bucktails), Charles P. Haupt, Main street, German-
town. Pa.

151st Pennsylvania Infantry, W. L. Owens, Granville, Pa.

1.53d Pennsylvania Infantry, Thomas D. King, Northampton Co., Pa.

155th Pennsylvania Infantry, Henry A. Breed, Pittsburg, Pa.

3d Pennsylvania Cavalry ("Young's Light" — 60th Vols.), Andrew J. Speese, 227 South
4th street, Philadelphia. Pa.

4th Pennsylvania Cavalry (64th Vols.), D. C. Phillips, 428 Duquesne street, Pittsburg, Pa.

6th Pennsylvania Cavalry (Rushe's Lancers — 70th Vols.), Alfred S. Pallon, Philadelphia, Pa.

8th Pennsylvania Cavalry (89th Vols.), J. M. Vanderslice, 16 N. 7th street, Philadelphia, Pa.

16th Pennsylvania Cavalry (161st Vols.), F. D. Sarmin, Mifflintown, Pa.

17th Pennsylvania Cavalry (162d Vols.), H. P. Meyer, Lebanon, Pa.

18th Pennsylvania Cavalry (Continental— 163d Vols.), J. A. Wilt, Towanda, Pa.

Battery H, Pennsylvania Artillery (3d Heavy), John H. Uhler, Lebanon, Pa.

Battery B, Pennsylvania ArtUlery, J. A. Gardner, Newcastle, Pa.

80th Pennsylvania Infantry (Ist Reserves), B. F. W. Urban, Lancaster, Pa.

34th Pennsylvania Infantry (5th Reserves) , W. Hayes Grier, Columbia Pa.

S5th Pennsylvania Infantry (6th Reserves), Milton McFarland, Scranton, Pa.

62d Pemisylvania Infantry, Bernard Coll, Pittsburg, Pa.

73d Pennsylvania Infantry, John P. Titus, 2035 Turner street, Philadelphia, Pa.

IWjth Pennsylvania Infantry, William B. Rose, 717 Sansom street, Philadelphia, Pa.

119th Pennsylvania Infantry, John A. Weidersheim, Philadelphia, Pa.

140th Pennsylvania Infantry, Rev. John Lyman Milligan, Allegheny, Pa.

143d Pennsylvania Infantry, J. D. Campbell, Beach Haven, Pa.

145th Pennsylvania Infantry, John C. Tilton, Erie, Pa.

1st Pennsylvania Cavalry, Colonel William Penn Lloyd, Mechanicsburg, Pa,

Battery F, 1st Pennsylvania Artillery, Joel H, Scbmebl, Reading, Pa.

Battery G, 1st Pennsylvania Artillerv, Luther Seiders, Reading, Pa.

Battery C, Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, James Stephenson, Pittsburg, Pa.

Battery E, Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, John P. Nicholson, 1398 7th street, Phil^
delphia, Pa.

Battery F, Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, John C. Shaler, Pittsburg, Pa.

10th New York Cavalry, Mark Bronell, Cortland, N. Y.

5th New York Independent Battery, Lieutenant John V. Grant, 16 New Church street.
New York City.

5th New York Duryee's Zouaves' Veteran Association.

oOth New York Veterans, A. V. Bergen, Brooklyn, N. Y.

41st New York Infantry, C. Borneman, 214-224 E. 22d street. New York City.

45th New York Infantry, Francis Irsch, 113 Old Slip, New York City.

57th New York Infantry, John J. McConneU, 513 W. Forty-flfth street, New York City.

62d New York Infantry, Hon. Edward Brown, City Court, New York City.

68th New York Infantry, C. Wehr, New York City.

Excelsior Brigade, John M. Coyne, New York City.

70th New York Infantry, John M. Coyne, Custom House, New York City.

73d N'ew York Infantry John Ross, New York City.

Shaler's Brigade Association, William J. Wray, 3923 Reno street, Philadelphia, Pa.

6oth New York Infantry, Colonel Samuel Truesdell, 18 Broadway, New York City.

122d New York Infantry, Colonel O. V. Tracy, Syracuse, N. Y.

67th New York Infantry, Captain A. H. Doty, 16 Court street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

80th New York Vols. (20th New York State Militia), R. Loughran, Kingston, N. Y.

83d New York Vols. (9th N. Y. State Militia), W. W. Marks, 442 E. 26th street, N. Y. City.

64th New York, Rodney R. Crowley, Randolph, N. Y.

8th New Jersey, William H. Howard, Newark, N. J.

3d New York Independent Battery, James Warren, 309 Grand street. New York City.

86th New York, A. M. Dunham, KnoxviUe, Pa.

73d New York, Micheal Feeny, Eighth street near Broad ivay. New York City,

Batteries Irish Brigades (McMahon's & Hogan's) SuUivan, New York City.

Maryland Union Survivors of Gettysburg, W. F. Matthews, Baltimore, Md.

Florida Bivouac No. 1, United Veterans of the Blue and the Gray, M. R. Burns, Brook-
viUe, Fla.

Florida Camp No. 1, Confederate Veterans, W. W. Tucker, Jacksonville, Fla.

Company E, 20th Illinois Infantry, J. A. Edmiston, Clinton, 111.

137th New York Infantry, Major M. W. Corbett, Public Stores, New York City.

125th New York Infantry, W. D. Taylor, 2230 Sixth avenue. New York City.

123d New York Infantry, Lieutenant Donald Reid, Lakeville, N. Y.

157th New York Infantry, Captain George L. Warren, Cortland, N. Y.

97th New York Infantry, B. B. Mayfleld, Utica, N. Y.

44th New York Infantry, Edward Low, Box 692, P. O. , Albany, N. Y.

Battery D, New York Artillery, S. M. Thayer, Gouverneur, N. Y.

Battery I, New York Artillery, Jacob Hehr, 306 Cortland street, Buflfalo.

Battery M, New York Artillery, Captain Charles E. Winegar, 1103 Pacific street, Brooklyn.

Society of the First Army Corps, James M. Andrews, Jr. , Saratoga, N. Y.

140th New York Infantry, Patrick C. Fleraming, Rochester, N. Y.

I46th New York Infantry, F. M. Flandreau, Rome, N. Y.

Irish Brigade Association, General Denis F. Burke, New York City.

63d New York Infantry, William Moran, Coroner's Office, New York City.

69th New York Infantry, Colonel John Nuttal, Coroner's Office, New York City.

88th New York Infantry, Captain W. L. D. O'Grady, 98 Maiden Lane, New York City,

Clark's Battery, B, 1st New Jersey Light Artillery.

96th Pennsylvania Infantry, John A. Schweer.

6th Nevy York Cavalry, Lieutenant Charles M. Pease, Crpjvn Point, N, Y.

14th Brooklyn "War Veteran Association (84th New York Infantry), John Layton, Brooklyn
P. O.

1st United States Sharpshooters, Captain Charles J. Buchanan, Albany, N. Y.

1st. New York Battery, W. E. Webster, Auburn, N. Y.

11th New York Battery, Captain George W. Davy, 50 Park avenue, Albany, N. Y.

13fch New York Battery, Diedericli Funk, 99 Gold street, Brooklyn, N. Y.

149th New York Infantry, John Gebhard, Syracuse, N. Y.



The headquarters of the United Veterans of the Blue and the Graj" will be established on
the field at Gettysburg during the Re-Union, and designated by its banner, its position to be
assigned by the Committee of the Society of the Army of the Potomac.

Tlie organization was suggested to Mr. L. Y. Jenness, the pr&sent Commander, by the Re-
union on the Battlefield of Gettysburg, and at Evansville, Ind., during the summer of 1887.
After consultation with two or three other gentlemen, Mr. Jenness issued a call, which was
responded to on the evening of August 1(5, 1S8T, by L. Y. Jenness, o2d Mass. ; W. C. Zimmer-
man, 4th Alabama; Thomas P. Lloyd, 4th Georgia; C. C. Peck, 40th Wisconsin ; J. W. Flem-
ing, rth Alabama ; John P. Cobb, 2d North Carolina; M. R. Burns, 5th Mississippi Cavalry;
H. Van Petten, 2'6d Michigan ; C. C. Wickersham, 1st Indiana Light Battery ; G. W.
Thomas, 3d Florida ; S. Weeks, 1st Florida Cavalry ; A. H. Ravisies, 8th Alabama ; J. A.
Armistcad, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry; Turner Landrum,3d Florida; J. C. Preist, Dick-
erson Cavalry ; H. J. McCoy, (35th Ind. ; J. R. Temple, 59th Ohio Volunteers; S. Stringer,
Surgeon P. A. C. S. ; John M. Reddick, Florida Infantry; Fred. L. Robertson, 2d South Caro-
lino. Florida Bivouac No. 1, U. V. B. G., was then formed, a simple set of by-laws adopted,
anil the following officers were elected for the succeeding year :

J. W. Jenness, Commander; J. W. Flamming, First Lieutenant Commander; C. C. Peck,
Second Lieutenant-Commander; S. Stringer, Surgeon; M. R. Burns, Adjutant; H. \^an Peo-
teu. Chaplain; C. C. Wickersham, Quartermaster; A, H. Ravisies, Commissary; T. P.
Lloyd, Lieutenant of Guard ; S. Weeks, Color Bearer; J. M. Reddick, Chief Musician; Fred.
L. Robertson, Assistant Adjutant.

The idea has been cordially taken hold of in twelve States in the Union. The uniform is a
handsome combination of blue and gray, and the badge a bronze canteen with a Federal and
Couiederate soldier in relief, swapping coffee and tobacco between the lines, as in days of old.



I do not know who tlie Confederate Provost Mashal was during the occu-
pancy of Gettysburg by General Lee. I -wish. I did, for a more gallant-ap-
pearing officer I never met, and of the social and agreeable kind, too. With-
out doubt the Confederate officers, if not the men, as a rule, entertained a
much more bitter feeling towards the enemy than did the Unionists. It
was quite the custom for the haughty Southron, clad in shabby gray — often-
times unkempt and unclean — ^when taken prisoner, to draw himself up with
a cold and repellant air, and refuse all but '^ official " intercourse with his
captors.. This was particularly the case in the early stages of the war, but
somehow it has a softening, humanizing effect upon men to die together,
though by each other's hands, and so by the close of the war both sides had
grown quiet amiable, glad, I suppose, to be humani25ed by having some-
body else killed.

The Provost Marshal of Gettysburg was, however, not of the repellant
kind. He was a Lieutenant-Colonel, a very handsome man and with a uni-
form quite fresh and bright. We had been wounded on the first day — my-
self and many others I mean. Most of us had been knocked over in the
early afternoon, and had been carried back to the town and to a church
which had been made an hospital. We had not been there long when such
of us aa could hobble to the door saw what was left of the First Corps — which
had been, while acting as the advance guard of the army, broken and defeated
but not dismayed — marching by the flank through the town. I was one of
the hobblers, and I shall never forget the firm, set, determined features of
the men. We couldn't go with them, but we afterwards learned that they
met that '' Confederate ally," Hancock, outside and on another day there
was another tale to tell.

We hobbled back to our cots again, not much the better for what we had
seen, and soon an attendant came and told us the Kebels had relieved our
guards and they were collecting all the non-wounded men except the stew-
ards, nurses, &c., and sending them to the rear. As most, if not all of the
non-wounded men were skulkers and coffee-coolers that didn't matter much.
I managed to save my man, who had carried me from the field, by tying a
white handkerchief aroud his arm.

It was about eight o'clock in the evening when the ijieutenaut-Colonel
came in — the Provost Marshal I mean. He approached the group of cots
occupied by officers, and greeted us quite cheerily. ''Good evening gen-
tlemen," he said. "I trust none of you is seriously hurt. You have your
own surgeons and men here, and they will not be disturbed."

We saw that he Avas not of the repellant sort and so soon began to ply him
with questions. He was quite communicative. Lee's Army was practically
all uj) and flushed with victory. The Union army was very much demoral-
ized. "We shall walk over it to-morrow," he said. And then he added
something about the time they expected to arrive in Philadelphia.

Now, the truth is I had always been rather an optimist in this matter of
preserving the Union, and although things certainly did look rather black, I
somehow had no confidence in that trip to Philadelphia, and so I replied to
the Colonel.

*^I say. Colonel, if there should happen to be any ' just cause or impedi-
ment ' which prevents that walk-over would you mind dropj^ing in and tell-
ing us about it ?"

He laughed a little and said he would.

We listened to the horrible din all the next day; the roar of artillery and
the rattle of musketry, (which seemed to us to come from every direction),
often with bated breath. Some of us had sad duties, too. There were those
who were seriously hurt, and as their wounds took on that condition which
indicates death's firmest grasp, those of us again who could hobble about
were called to their bedside to receive their dying messages. " I would like
to have seen it over," said one, and another who had lain in a stupor, suddenly
opened his eyes, and to the ear bent to his lips, muttered, " Tell my
mother — " but the tale was never told.

It was late in the evening of the second day when the Lieutenant- Colonel ap-
peared again. He smiled as usual when he approached us, though I fancied not
as cheerily as before. " It has been a terrible day," he said. The Army of the
Potomac was all in front of Lee now, and the fight had been raging with
varied success all day and had closed with the advantage all in favor of the
South. He spoke of the position on Cemetery Hill as a very strong one,
and said its capture was a necessity. They had been waiting for Pickett,

and to-morrow afternoon at four a charge would be made upon it and it
would be taken.

We were in much improved spirits. We had all some experience, and
knew that when very hard fighting was the order that if the Army of the
Potomac was not whipped very soon it was not apt to be whipped at all.

" If the Army of the Potomac is j)lanted," said one, " you won't be able
to dig it up."

And as the Colonel was about retiring I called after him, thus :

" I say, Colonel — that strong position of which you speak — that is a mat-
ter in which we have much interest, as you will concede. Would you mind
calling or sending us word about the time you take it."

He laughed pleasantly again. " You will see," he said.

We knew when the charge took place well enough. It was to us, in the
noise which was made, as though all hell had broken loose. We knew from
the sounds and the signs, too, when it had failed.

It grew still, as night crept on. The Colonel was late in making his ap-
pearance, and there was no smile in response to our eager greetings.

"Yes, the charge has failed. There has been a dreadful loss." He lin-

. . . '

ge^'cd but a little while, and was reticent. He said, however, that another

charge was to be made at four o'clock in the morning, and the position

would be taken.

'• Do not fail to notify us. Colonel," I said.

" N'o, I will not. Good night."

" That is good-bye," I said to an officer on a stretcher beside me.

Our sleep was rather of the desultory character, and we were all wide
enough awake at four o'clock, but there were no sounds indicating a charge.

A little later an attendant rushed in. " Our men are skirmishing through
the town," he said. We hobbled to the street, and there sure enough were
the boys in blue, moving after the manner of skirmishers, quick, eager, alert,
watchful, gradually moving through the town. We gave a rather feeble
cheer of welcome, and then Avere driven to cover by two or three shots in
rapid succession from sharpshooters over towards the Seminary. Lee and
his defeated battalions, brave among the bravest, had struck a rock they
could not brcals:, and Avcre marching back to the "sacred soil." AVith the
rear-guard Avas the handsome, dark-eyed Lieutenant- Colonel, Avho did not
come to tell us of the second charge,

William J. Stakes,

104th New York Vols.



The number of men who took part in the battle will ever be a subject of
controversy, owin:: to the long marches previous to the battle and the im-
possibility of estimating the number of stragglers counted as present but
who did not participate in the fighting.

The nearest approximation and possibly the fairest is that of the Comte
de Paris, which we use here as a fair statement.

The Army of the Potomac bore on its return, on July 1, 1863, 2,750
men who took no part in the battle, 7,000 Artillery, 10,500 Cavalry, and
85,500 Infantry, a total of 105,750 men and 353 jjieces of Artillery, but
deducting the Heavy Artillery in reserve at Westminster, the guards
on supply trains, the stragglers, &c., the effective force of Meade was from
82,000 to 84,000 men, witli 327 guns.

The Army of Northern Virginia, on May 31, 1863, contained an effective
force of 88,75-4 officers, and men, of whom the following were under arms :
General Staff and Infantry, 59,420 men ; Cavalry, 10,292 ; Artillery, 4,756 ; a
total of 74,468 men, Avith 206 pieces of Artillery. Deducting all the losses
by various means, the Brigades and Regiments absent, stragglers, &c., and
adding the conscripts and Brigades, the Army of Northern Virginia arrived
on the Battlefield of Gettysburg with 5,000 men more than it had on May
31, 1863 — or in the neighborhood of 80,000 men. Deducting the mounted
men from this, Lee brought into acttial combat during the three days of
Jtiiy, from 68,000 to 69,000 men and 250 guns, against Meade's 82,000 or
84,000 men and 300 guns collected on the field.

Meade had, therefore, from 18,000 to 19,000 men more than his adversary,
a superiority of nearly one-fourth, which, unfortunately for him, he was
unable to turn to advantage.

The following is a table of organizations in both armies



Maine 10



Art a-


Delaware . . .





New Hampshire




West Virginia... 1









.... 13




Massachusetts . .






.... 5








.... 1



Rhode Island . . .




Michigan . . .

. ... 7




New York





Minnesota . .

. .. 1


New Jersey





Wisconsin . .

.. .. 6


Pennsylvania . .





U. S. Regulars.. 13















Virginia 49






Louisiana . . .


. ... 10





North Carolina.





Mississippi . .

.... 11

' 1






Arkansas . . .

. ... 1







Tennessee . .

.... 3






. ... 3







Maryland . .

.... 1









The Confederates always kept their regiments filled up by conscripts or
recruits, while the Union Army maintained a number of skeleton organiza-
tions by sending out new men in new regiments, hence the noticeable dis-
crepancy in the number of organizations.





The troops that arrived upon the field or changed their positions did so
leisurely and unmolested. Sickles came up and went into jiosition on our
left, and Geary took his division over to Gulp's hill. About 10 o'clock
picket firing Avas heard out towards Little Round Top, continuing at inter-
vals until long after no(jn, at times beeon\ing quite sharp. But three o'clock
came, and still no signs of the general engagement. The boys had partly
recovered frojn their fatigue, and were actually beginning to enjoy life ;
some of them indulged in a quiet game of euchre, while others toasted their
hard tack or fried a little bacon at the small fires in the rear of the lines.
Shortly after three o'clock^ a movement was a|)parent on our left. From
where we (Caldwell's Division) lay, the whole country in our front, and far to
our left, away to the peach orchard and to Little Round Top, was in full view.
Our division stood in brigade columns, and when it became evident that
something was going to take place, tlie boys dropped their cards regardless
of Avhat was trump — even the man who held both bowers and the ace — ^and
all gathered on the most favorable position to witness the opening of the
ball. Soon the long lines of the Third Corps are seen advancing, :iud how
splendidly they march. It looks like a dress parade, a review. On, on
they go, out towards the peach orchard, but not a shot is fired. A little
while longer, and someone calls out, " There !" and j^oints to where a puff
of smoke is seen arising against the dark green of the woods. Another and an-
other cloud until the whole face of the forest is enveloped, and the dread sound
of the artillery comes loud and quick ; shells are seen bursting in all directions
along the lines. The bright colors of the regiment are conspicuous marks.

and the shells burst around them in great numbers. The musketry begins,
the infantry became engaged, and the battle extends along the whole front
of Sickles' Corps. Now the sounds come from Little Eound Top, and the
smoke rises among the trees, and all the high and wooded ground to the
left of the peach orchard seems to be the scene of strife. An hour passes
and our troops give way and are falling back ; but slowly, very slowly, every
inch of ground fought for. The Third Corps is not in the habit of giving
it up, and they hold their own well ; but the odds are against them and
they are forced to retire.

jSTow help is called for, and Hancock tells Caldwell to have his division
ready. "Fall in !" and the men run to their places. " Take arms V and
the four brigades of Zook, Cross, Brook and Kelly are ready for the fray.
There is yet a few minutes to spare before starting, and the time is occupied
in one of the most impressive religious ceremonies I have ever witnessed.
The Irish Brigade, which had been commanded formerly by General Thomas
Francis Meagher, and whose green flag has been unfurled in every battle in
which the Army of the Potomac had been engaged, from the first Bull Run
to Appomattox, and was now commanded by Colonel Patrick Kelly of the
Eighty-eighth New York, formed a part of this division. The brigade
stood in columns of regiments, closed in mass. As a large majority of its
members were Catholics, the Chajjlain of the brigade, Eev. William Corby,

Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 28 of 29)