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John Tregaskis.

Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

. (page 6 of 29)
Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 6 of 29)
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^^^^e^tZS^t^Bn^l Run, Yorktown, West Point, Glendale, Malvern Hill, Antietain,
Fredericksburg and Gettysburg.
114TH Pennsylvania Infantry will dedicate their Monument in September



84th Pennsylvania Infantry will dedicate their monument early in October next. The
Comrti't,t(<e in charge of the arrangements are ; Captain Thomas E. Merchant, Chairman;
Geneinl George Zinn, Adjutant Edmund Mather, Sergeant A. J. Hertzler, and Henry E.
Bunkc r.

80th New York Infantry, the 20th Regiment New York State Militia, will dedicate
their Moument on the ridge south of "Willoughby Run, about 300 feet east of the Hagers-
t own Pike, during the latter part of September next, the arrangements being in charge of
the following committee : General Theodore B. Gates, Colonel John McKntee and Surgeon
Robert Loughran. The regiment was mustered into the United States service at Kingston'
in f»ctnlipr. ISC.l, and fought at Bevorly Ford, Warrenton Springs, Gainesville, Groveton,
Bull Run (1802), Chantilly, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Peters-
burg and Appomattox.








.<<" / 1 ii //(, ^



53d Pennsylvania (Veteran Volunteers), will hold their Re-Union at Gettysburg, Pa., on

Morx'ay, September 17, 1888. At the same time the Monument of the regiment, in the
wbeat field, will be unveiled. Every survivor of the regiment, with such of their friends as
see fit to come, are expected, as well as all of those who had friends or relatives in the regi-
ment. The Monumental Committee are: George C. Anderson, President; William Meutzer,
Si.eretar> ; G. C. M. Eicholtz, P. \\. Scbrij^.er, John Shields and Eli Chambers.



The State of Maine has contracted for all her Monuments, but they are not to be com-
pleted until October 1, soon after which date a " Maine Day " will be selected on which all
the Monuments will be dedicated. The contractors, as a special favor, will complete those of
the 3d and 17th Regiments in time for the Re-Union. The following veterans will represent
the State on the occasion of the reception to the survivors of the Confederate Army : Colonels
Charles H. Smith, Fort Clark, Texas ; Moss B. Lakeham, Maiden, Mass. ; Elijah Walker,
Rockland, Clark S. Edwards, Bethel, B. F. Harris, Augusta, General Selden Connor, Au-
gusta, Maine; Colonels John Bardsley, Washington, Ark.; Charles W. Tilden, Hallowell,
Charles B. Merrill, Rutland, Francis* E. Heath, Waterville. Maine; Generals Joshua Cham-
berlain, New York City ; Charles Hamlin, Bangor, Maine ; James A. Hall, Columbus, Ohio ;
Colonel G. T. Stevens, Oakland, Maine; Captain Edward B. Dew, New York City, and G. F.
Stevens. Secretary Executive Committee Maine-Gettysburg Commission.










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Secretaries of Veteran Associations will piease forward at once to Tregaskis & Co. , 767
Broadway, Room S, New York City, dates and programmes of the dedication ceremonies at
their Monument for insertion in subsequent editions of this Programme.



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VIII.

MEADE AND HIS COMMANDERS

A SERIES OF BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES.



(with poktraits.)

Meade, Geoege Gordo^st, Major-General, was born at Cadiz, Spain,
December 31, 1815, his father having been at that time United States Navy
Agent at that port. He was graduated at AVest Point in 1835 and assigned
to the Third Artillery, served in Florida and at Watertown Arsenal, Mass.
He resigned in October, 1839. He was engaged in a survey of the Missis-
sippi Delta and the boundary between the United States and Texas and of
the northeastern boundary of Maine. In May, 1842, he was appointed
Lieutenant in the Corps of Topographical Engineers. In September, 1845,
he joined the staff of General Zachary Taylor at Corpus Christi, Tex., took
part. May 8 and 9, 184G, in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la
Palma, and later, under General Worth, led the assault on Independence
Hill at Monterey, for which he was brevetted. He was then engaged in
various surveys and in building lighthouses. In May, 1856, he became cap-
tain, and served on the geodetic survey of the Northwestern lakes till 1861.
He was appointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers August 31, 1861, and
commanded the Second ]';;?:ade of Pennsylvania Reserves in the Army of
the Potomac, engaged c. Ziechanicsville, Gaines' Mills and New Market
Cross Roads, where he was severely wounded, but soon rejoined his com-
mand and took part in the second battle of Bull Run. At South Mountain
he flanked the enemy from the right, showing such intrepidity that when
General Hooker was wounded General McClellan on the field placed him in
command of the First Corps. His division at Fredericksburg confronted
the troops of Stonewall Jackson. It alone of all the Army drove all before



it, broke through the Confederate lines, encountering their reserves, but
for lack of timely support was finally forced to fall back. General Meade
was promoted Major-General and given command of the Fifth Corps, lead-
ing it at Chancellorsville, and on the first day was successfully pressing the
Confederates on the left when he was recalled. He took command of the
Army of the Potomac June 27, 1863, while it was on the march to check
the invasion of Pennsylvania by General Lee. Continuing the movement
on the 29th by two forced marches, he gained positions which would enable
him to deploy his forces along the line between Westminster and Waynes-
borough, and when Lee began to concentrate east of South Mountain,
Meade occupied the slope along Pipe Creek, advancing his left wing to the
neighborhood of Gettysburg, the force there and at Emmettsburg being in-
tended to delay the march of the Confederates till the L^nion Army could
be concentrated on the selected line fifteen miles in the rear. The great
battle Avhich ensued on the first three days of July is fully described in an-
other part of this book. Meade was commissioned Brigadier-General in the
regular army July 3, 1863. He continued in command of the Army of the
Potomac for two years till General Grant had been made Commander of all
the Armies of the United States and assumed direction of all the opera-
tions in person. He was promoted Major-General August 18, 1864, and
after the Avar commanded successively the Departments of the East and of
the South and the Military Division of the Atlantic, which latter position
he held at the time of his death in Philadelphia, November 2, 1872, which
resulted from pneumonia aggravated by complications incident to the gun-
shot wound he had received at New Market Cross Eoads.

Ames, Adelbert, Major-General, born in Maine in 1835, graduated at
West Point in 1861 and assigned to the Fifth Artillery, He was wounded
at Bull Run, and was present at the siege of Yorktown and the battles of
Gaines' Mills, Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Antietam and
Gettysburg, besides many minor engagements in Virginia. He commanded
a Brigade and at times a Division in the Army of the Potomac and in the
operations before Petersburg in 1864, He w9s brevetted Major-General of
Volunteers for his conduct at the capture of Fort Fisher, March 13, 1865,
and Major-General United States Army for ''gallant and meritorious con-
duct in the field." On July 28, 1866, he was promoted to the full rank of
Lieutenant-Colonel, Twenty-fourth Infantry. On July 15, 1868, he was
appointed provisional Governor of Mississippi, and on March 17, 1869, his
command was extended to include the Fourth Military District. In 1870
he was elected United States Senator, and in 1873 he was chosen Governor
of Mississippi by a popular vote. His administration was so repugnant to
the white population that bitter hostilities were engendered between them




1. MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE G. MEADE. 2. MAJOR-GENERAL ALPHEUS S. WILLIAMS.

3 MAJOR-GENERAL W. S. HANCOCK, 4. MAJOR-GENERAL ABNER DOUBLEDAY.

5. MAJOR-GENERAL H W. SLOCUM 6. MAJOR-GENERAL O. O HOWARD.

7. MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN F. REYNOLDS.



and the Eepublicans, mostly blacks, leading to serious riots in Vicksburg,
with violence and murder through the State. The next election gave the
Democrats control of the Legislature, and articles of impeachment were
prepared against Governor Ames, who, knowing that conviction was cer-
tain before the partisan tribunal, tendered his resignation on condition that
the impeachment be withdrawn. This was agreed to by the Democrats.
Governor Ames laid down his office and removed to Minnesota.

Ayres, Romeyx Beck, Major- General, born in Xew York, December 20,
1826, graduated at West Point in 1847, served through the war with
Mexico as a Lieutenant in the Third Artillery, and subsequently on garrison
and frontier duty. In May, 1861, he was promoted to be Captain in the
Third Artillery, and he was present at all the early engagements of the war.
After serving as Chief of Artillery in General W. T. Smith's Division and
of the Sixth Army Corps, he accompanied the Army of the Potomac in the
Peninsular Campaign of 1862 and the Maryland Campaign, ending with the
Battle of Antietam, as well as in the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellors-
ville and intervening actions. As Brigadier-General of Volunteers from
November 29, 1862, he commanded a Division of the Fifth Corps at Gettys-
burg, and was then ordered to New York City to suppress the draft riots.
In 1864 he led his command in the movement against Eichmond, begin-
ning with the Battles of the Wildeniess (May, 1864). He was wounded at
Petersburg, and was present at the final engagements ending with the sur-
render of Lee's Army at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. Since the war he has
served on various important commissions and boards. He was promoted
in regular course to the Colonelcy of the Second Artillery July 18, 1879.

Barlow, Francis Chaxning, Major- General, born in Brooklyn, N. Y.,
October 19, 1834. He was graduated at Harvard in 1855, studied laAv in
the office of William Curtis Noyes, New York, and began practice in that
city. In 1861 he enlisted in the 12th Eegiment, New York State National
Guard, and went to the front on the first call for troops. He re-entered
the service as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 61st New York Volunteers, was
promoted Colonel during the siege of Yorktown, and distinguished himself
at the battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines. At Antietam, where his com-
mand captured two sets of Confederate colors and 300 prisoners, he was
severely wounded, and carried apparently dead from the field. At Chancel-
lorsville (May 2, 1863,) he commanded a Brigade in the 11th Corps, which
harrassed "Stonewall" Jackson in his flank movement on the National
right. At the battle of Gettysburg he was severely wounded and tiikon
prisoner during the first day's fight. At Spottsylvania Court House,
May 12, 1864, the 2d Corps was ordered to storm the Confederate works at
dawn. General Barlow commanded the First Division, in the advance line.



The works were carried with a rush, and 3,000 prisoners captured, with two
Generals, D. M. Johnson and G. H. Steuart. General Barlow participated
ju the final campaign under General Grant, was present at the assault on
Petersburg, and at Lee's surrender. He was elected Secretary of State of
the State of New York in 1865, and served until 1868, when President
Grant appointed him United States Marshal of the New York Southern
District. He resigned in October, 1869. In jSTovember, 1871, he was
elected Attorney-General of the State, served through J 872-3. Since that
date he has practiced law m New York City.

Barnes, James, Major-General, born in Massachusetts in 1809, was
graduated at West Point in 1829, fifth in a class which embraced Eobert E.
Lee, Joseph E. Johnson, Ormsby McK. Mitchell and others Avho rose to dis-
tinction. He went into the Artiller}^, became First Lieutenant in June,
1836, resigned the next month, and engaged in railroad building in New
York, Massachusetts, ilissouri and other States. He was Colonel of the
18th Massachusetts from July. 1861, to December, 1862, participating in
most of the battles of the Army of the Potomac during that time. Pro-
moted to Brigadier-General, he was engaged at Fredericksburg, Chancel-
lorsville, Aldie and Upperville. At Gettysburg he commanded a Division,
and was severely wounded. He was brevetted ^Major-General of Volunteers
March 15, 1865. With health permanently impaired he was never able
subsequently to engage in business. He died in Springfield, Mass., Feb-
ruary 12, 1869.

Bartlett, Joseph J., Major-General, was born about 1820. He was
appointed Brigadier-General of V'olunteers October 4, 1862, brevetted
Major-General August 1, 1864, and was mustered out January 15, 1866.
From 1867 till 1879 he was United States Minister to Sweden and Norway.
He is now employed in the Pension Ofiice at Washington, D. C.

Baxter, Hexry, Major-General, was born in Sidney Plains, Delaware
County, N. Y., September 8, 1821. He received an academic education,
and in 1849 went to California overland in a company of thirty men, with
ox teams, and was chosen as their Captain. He volunteered as a private
early in 1861, and was active in raising a comj^any of the 7th Michigan
Infantry, and was elected Captain. He was made Lieutenant-Colonel May
22, 1862, and while in command of his regiment, at Fredericksburg, vol-
unteered to cross the river and dislodge a company of Confederate sharp-
shooters. Colonel Baxter was shot through the lung in the attempt to cross,
but the movement was successful, and he was promoted to Brigadier- Gen-
eral on March 12, 1863. He participated in most of the actipns of the
Army of the Potomac. In the Battle of the Wilderness two horses were
killed under him. For conspicious gallantry he was brevetted Major-



General April 1,, 1865. From 1866 till 1869 General Baxter was United
States Minister to Honduras. He died in Jonesville, Mich., December 30,
1873.

Benham, Henry W., Major-General, born in Connecticut in 1817, was
graduated at the head of his class at West Point in 1837, assigned to the
Engineers Corps, and engaged upon river and harbor work. In the Mexi-
can TVar he won a Captain's brevet at Buena Yista, February 23, 1847. He
was in charge of several important public works at Boston, Buffalo and
Washington from 1848 to 1853, when he took charge of the Coast Survey
Office. At the opening of the work was made Engineer of the Department
of Ohio, was brevetted Colonel July 13, 1861, for gallantry at Carricksford,
Va., was made Brigadier General in August, 1861, and was engaged at New
Creek, Carnifex Ferry and other sections in Virginia in that year. In 1862
he was present at the Capture of Fort Pulaski and James Island. He was
highly efficient in throwing pontoon bridges across James Eiver, the
Potomac and the Rappahannock. He was brevetted Brigadier and Major-
General in the regular army, and made Major-General of Volunteers for
services during the war. In 1868 he became Colonel of Engineers, and
subsequently had charge of Government work on the New York and New
England coast. He was retired in 1882, and died in New York, June 1,
1884.

BiRXET, David Bell, Major-General, born at Huntsville, Ala., May 29,
1825, practiced law in Philadelpliia from 1848 till 1861, when he entered
the Union Army as Colonel of the 23d Pennsylvania Regiment, which he
raised. He was promoted Brigadier and Major-General, and won distinc-
tion at Yorktown, Williamsburg, the second Battle of Bull Run, Fredericks-
burg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He led the 3d Corps at Gettysburg
after General Sickles was wounded, and on July 23d Avas given command of
the 10th Corps. He died in Philadelphia October 18, 1864, from disease
contracted in the service.

Brewster, William R., Brigadier-General, was a Colonel in the
Excelsior Brigade, organized by Daniel E. Sickles in 1861, and after the
promotion of that officer was made a Brigadier-General of Volunteers. At
the time of his death, December 13, 1869, he held a place in the United
States Internal Revenue Department at Brooklyn, N. Y.

Brooke, John R., Major-General, was born in Pennsylvania. He en-
listed in the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry in April, 1861, became Captain, and
on November 7 was made Colonel of the 53d Pennsylvania Infantry. He
was promoted Brigadier-General of Volunteers May 12, 1864, and brevetted
Major-General of Volunteers August 1, 1864. In the regular service he
was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 37th United States Infantry July



28, 1866, and was transferred to the 3d Infantry, March 15, 1869. He was
promoted Colonel 13th Infantry March 20, 1879, and retransferred to the
3d Infantry June 14, 1879. In the regular army he received brevets as
Colonel and Brigadier-General for gallantry in several battles.

BuFOED, John, Major-General, was born in Kentucky in 1825, grad-
uated at West Point in 1848, assigned to the 1st Dragoons, and served in
various sections of the Western States and Territories until the Rebellion
began. He was made a Major in the Inspector-General's Corps, November
12, 1861. He was detailed to the Staff of General Pope in the Army of
Virginia on June 26, 1862, and on July 27 made a Brigadier-General,
assigned to the command of a Brigade of Cavalry under General Hooker.
He was engaged at Madison Court-House, August 9 ; the passage of the
Rapidan in pursuit of Jackson's force, August 12 ; Kelly's Ford, Thorough-
fare Gap, August 28, and Manassas, August 29 and 30, where he was
wounded. He served as Chief of Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac in
the Maryland Campaign, being engaged at South Mountain, September 14,
1862 ; at Antietam, September 17, where he succeeded General Stoneman
on General McClellan's Staff, and in the march to Falmouth. He was
subsequently conspicuous in almost every Cavalry engagement, being at
Fredericksburg, in Stoneman's raid toward Richmond in the beginning of
May, 1863, and at Beverly Ford, June 9, 1863. He commanded the
Cavalry Division of the Army of the Potomac in the Pennsylvania Cam-
paign, and was engaged at Aldie, Middleburg and Upperville. At Gettys-
burg he began the attack on the Confederates before the arrival of Reynolds
on July 1, and the next day rendered important services both at Wolff's
Hill and Round Top. He participated in the pursuit of the Confederates to
Warrenton, and in the subsequent operations in Virginia. A short time
previous to his death he was assigned to the command of the Cavalry in the
Army of the Cumberland, and had left the Army of the Potomac for that
purpose. His last sickness was the result of toil and exposure. His com-
mission as Major-General reached him in Washington on the day of his
death, December 16, 1863.

BuRBANK, Sidney, Brigadier-General, born in Massachusetts in 1807,
was graduated at West Point in 1829, served in the Infantry on the fron-
tier and at the Military Academy as instructor, was promoted Captain in
1839, fought the Seminoles in Florida, and was in charge of recruiting at
Newport. During the Civil War he was Colonel of the 2d Infantry, and
later led a Brigade in the Army of the Potomac. He was in the battles of
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and received the brevet of Brigadier-Gen-
eral. After the war he comiyanded the 2d Infantry, and was retired in
1870 credited with forty years' service.



BuTTEKFiELD, Daniel, Major-General, was born inlJtica, N. Y., October
31, 1831. His fatlier, John Bntterfield, was one of the best known citizens
of Central Xew York, one of the founders of the American Express Com-
pany, builder of the first telegraph line between New York and Buffalo,
and President of the Overland Mail Company. Daniel Butterfield was
graduated at Union College in 1849, and became a merchant in New
York City. He was Colonel of the 12th New York Militia when the war
begun, went with it to Washington July, 1861, led the advance into Virginia
over the Long Bridge, joined General Patterson on the upper Potomac, and
commanded a Brigade. He was appointed Brigadier- General September 7,
1861, and assigned to Fitz-John Porter's Corps, with which he participated
in the Campaign of the Peninsula, taking a conspicuous part in the actions at
Hanover Court House, Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mills, where he wa
wounded, and in battles fought during McClellan's change of base from
White House to Harrison's Landing, when he commanded a force on the
south side of the James Kiver to cover the movement. He took part in the
great battles under Pope and McClellan in August and September, 1862^
and in October took command of Morrell's Division. He became Major-
General of Volunteers November 29, 1862 ; was made Colonel of the 5th
Regular Infantry July 1, 1863 ; commanded the Fifth Corps in the Battle
of Fredericksburg; was Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac, at Chancellors-
ville and at Gettysburg, where he was Avounded. He was sent to re-enforce
Eosecrans in October, 1863, and was Hooker's Chief of Staff at Lookout
Mountain, Mission Ridge, Ringgold and Pea Vine Creek, Ga. He com-
manded a Division of the Twentieth Corps in the battles of Buzzard's
Roost, Resaca, Dallas, New Hope Church, Kenesaw and Lost Mountain, Ga.,
and was brevetted Brigadier and Major-General U. S. Army for gallant and
meritorious conduct. After the war he was Commandant of the forces in
New York Harbor and General Superintendent of the recruiting service till
1869, when he resigned from the Army and was appointed Assistant Treas-
urer of the United States in charge of the Sub-Treasury at New York.
Since his resignation from that position he has been connected with the
management of the American Express Company, the Iron Steamboat Com-
pany, and a number of other enterprises of great importance. General
Butterfield was the author of a book of great practical value in the organi-
zation and instruction of troops, " Camp and Outpost Duty," pub-
ishcd in 1862, which became a most popular manual in the hands of both
officers and men, and proved highly useful to the Federal cause in trans-
forming peaceful and Union-loving citizens into that mighty military force
which was destined after the long, and sometimes disheartening, struggle to
win vicLury and ensure the perpetuity of our National unity.



Caldwell, John" Cuetis, Major-General, born in Lowell, Vt., April 17,
1833, and graduated at Amherst in 1855. At the beginning of the Civil
War he became Colonel of the 11th Maine Volunteers. He was made Briga-
dier-General of Volunteers April 28, 18G2, and brevetted Major-General
August 19, 1865. General Caldwell was in ever}- action of the Army of the
Potomac, from its organization till General Grant took command, and dur-
ing the last year of the war he was president of an advisory board of the
War Department. He was a member of the Maine Senate, Adjutant-Gen-
eral of the State in 1867, and in 1869 was United States Consul at Valpa-
raiso, Chili. From 1873 till 1882 he was Minister at Uruguay and Para-
guay, and in 1885, having removed to Kansas, was President of the Board
of Pardons of that State.

Carr, Joseph B., Major-General, was born in Albany, N. Y., August
16, 1828, and educated in the public schools. He embarked in business in
Troy, X. Y., and became a Colonel in the State Militia. In April, 1861,
he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel, and in May, Colonel of the 2d J^ew
York Volunteers, the first volunteer regiment to leave the State and the
first to encamp on the soil of Virginia. He participated in the Battle of
Big Bethel, and in May, 1862, fought through McClellan's Peninsula Cam-
paign, being attached to General Hooker's command. Colonel Carr was
acting Brigadier-General in the engagements of the Orchards, Glendale and
Malvern Hill, and Avas promoted Brigadier-General September 7, 1862, for
gallantry at Malvern Hill. He fought with credit at Bristow's Station, Chan-
tilly and Fredericksburg. In January, 1863, he commanded an expedition



Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 6 of 29)