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Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

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Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 7 of 29)
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that severed the rebel communications at Rappahannock Bridge. At Chan-
cellorsvilie. May 3, 1863, he commanded the Division after the fall of Gen-
eral Berry. At Gettysburg, where his horse was killed under him, he was
injured, but held his troops in order, though two-thirds of them were killed
or wounded. Commanding the Third Division of the Fourth Corps he
participated in the actions at Brandy Station, Locust Grove and Mine Run.
He afterwards commanded divisions in the First Corps, had charge of the
defence of James River, and on June 1, 1865, was brevetted Major-General.
He took a prominent part in the politics of New York, being elected by the
Republicans Secretary of State in 1879 and re-elected in 1881 and 1883. In
1885 he was his party's candidate for Lieutenant-Governor.

Carroll, Samuel Sprigg, Major-General, born in Washington, D. C,
September 21, 1832 ; graduated at West Point in 1856, assigned to the 10th
Infantry, and became a Captain November 1, 1861. He was appointed
Colonel of the 8th Ohio Volunteers December 15, 1861, and served in
Western Virginia till May 23, 1862. He commanded a Brigade of General
Bhield'g DivifjioTi, taking part in the pursuit of the rebels up the Shenau-



doah in June, 1862, and in the Battle of Cedar Mountain. On August 14
he was wounded in a skirmish on the Rapidan. He took part in the Mary-
land Campaign, and on the Rappahannock from December, 1862, till June,
1863, being engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville,
and receiving the brevet of Major for bravery. In the Battle of Gettysburg
he earned the brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel, and in the Wilderness fight
that of Colonel. Xear Spottsylvania he was twice wounded and disabled
for further service in the field. He was brevetted Brigadier- General, U. S.
A., for gallantry at Spottsylvania, and Major-General for services during
the Rebellion. On January 22, 1867, he became a Lieutenant-Colonel in
the Regular x\rmy. In 1868 he was Acting Inspector-General of the
Division of the Atlantic, and on June 9, 1869, retired as Major-General for
disability from wounds received in battle.

Clarke, Hexry Francis, Major-General, born in Brownsville, Pa.,
November 9, 1820, graduated at West Point in 1843, entered the Artillery,
was distinguished at Chajjultepec where he won the brevet of Captain, was
Professor of Mathematics at West Point, became Captain on January 12,
1857, and was in the Expedition to Utah, as Chief Commissary, remaining
till 1860. He ordered the relief of Fort Pickens, April 1, 1861, and became
McDowell's Chief Commissary Julv 2, 1861, served in the Manassas
Campaign, and was Chief Commissary of Subsistence in the Army of the
Potomac from August, 1861, to January, 1864, being present at the Seige
of Yorktown, and the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericks-
burg, Chancellorsville and (Gettysburg, and was brevetted Brigadier and
Major -General. He was Chief of the Commissariat of the Division of the
]\[issouri in 1868-75, and of the Division of the Atlantic from 1879 till he
was retired November 9, 1884, with the rank of Colonel.

Crawford, Samuel Wylie, Major-General, was born in Pennsylvania
November 8, 1829. He was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in
1846, studied medicine, and in 1851 became an Assistant Surgeon in the
United States Army. He served in the Southwest until 18G0, when he was
stationed at Fort Sumter, being one of the garrison when that fort was fired
upon by the rebels from Charleston at the beginning of the war and having
command of a battery during the bombardment. In August, 1861, he was
appointed Major in the 13th Infantry, and in 1862 Brigadier-General of
Volunteers. General Crawford served with distinction in the Shenandoah
Campaign, being present at the battles of Winchester and Cedar Mountain,
loosing one-half of his Brigade in the last named action. At Antietam he
succeeded General Mansfield in command of his Division and was severely
wounded. Early in 18G3 he was placed in command of the Pennsylvania
Reserves, then stationed about Washington, and with these troops, forming



the Third Division of the Fiftli Arm}" Corps, he was engaged at Gettysburg,
serving with great bravery. Subsequently he participated in all the opera-
tions of the Army of the Potomac until the close of the Avar, He was bre-
vetted successively from Colonel in 1863 up to Major-General in 1865 for
conspicuous gallantry. After the war he became Colonel of the 16th In-
fantry and later of the 2d Infantry, In February, 1873, owing to disability
resulting from wounds, he was retired with the rank of Brigadier-General.

Ceoss, Edward Ephraim, Brigadier-General, born at Lancaster, N, H.,
was educated at the Lancaster Academy and began life as a printer. In
1854 he became an editor of the Cincinnati Times, and four years later he
made a trip across the plains to Arizona in connection with a mining com-
pany in which he was interested, taking the first steam engine and printing
press that ever crossed the Rocky Mountains. He became a Lieutenant-
Colonel in the Mexican Army, and when the news of the attack on Fort
Sumter reached him had command of a large garrison at El Fuere. He re-
signed, and, returning to New Hampshire, organized the 5th Regiment of
Volunteers, which under his command distinguished itself as " The Fighting
Fifth " in many engagements. He was mortally wounded at Gettysburg,
July 2, 1863, where he commanded the First Brigade of the First Division
of the Second Corps.

Custer, George Armstroxg, Major-General, born in Xew Rumly, Har-
rison County, Ohio, December 5, 1839. He was graduated at West Point
in June, 1861, was assigned to the 5th Cavalry, and participated, on the day
of his arrival at the front, in the first Battle of Bull Run, In June, 1862,
he was appointed an aide to General McClellan with the rank of Captain.
He at once asked leave to attack a picket post he had discovered, surprised
the enemy, drove them back and captured the first colors that were taken
by the Army of the Potomac. For gallantry at Aldie and Brandy Station
he was appointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers Jlme 29, 1863, and given
command of the Michigan Brigade. At Gettysburg his Brigade* together
with those of Gregg and Mcintosh, defeated General Stuart's efforts to turn
the Federal left flank. For this action he was breveted Major in the United
States Army. He took part in General Sheridan's Cavalry raid toward
Richmond in May, 1864, and was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel for meritor-
ious services in the Battle of Yellow Tavern, May 11. In General Sheri-
dan's second raid on Richmond the Michigan Brigade made a most gallant
fight at Trevillion Station. On September 19, 1864, he was made Brevet-
Colonel, United States Army, for gallantry at Winchester, and Brevet-
Major-General of Volunteers, On September 30 he assumed command of
the 3d Division of Cavalry, with which he fought the brilliant Battle of
Woodstock on October 9. At Cedar Creek he confronted the enemy from
the ftrgt, ftttttck iti th^ moraitig until the battle etified in » brilliant moeem,



The 3d Division recaptured, before the day was over, guns and colors that
had been taken from the army earlier in the fight, together with many Con-
federate flags and cannon. In the spring of 1865 Custer's Division alone
fought the Battle of Waynesboro, March 2. The enemy's works were car-
ried and they lost eleven guns, 200 wagons, 1,600 prisoners, and seventeen
battle flags. For gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Five
Forks and Dinwiddle Court House, General Custer was brevetted Brigadier-
General, United States Army, March 13, 1865. General Custer never lost a
gun or a color and was never defeated. General Custer received the first flag
of truce from the Army of Northern Virginia, and was present at Lee's sur-
render. He was brevetted Major- General for services in the campaign of
1865, and appointed Major-General of Volunteers. After the war closed
General Custer asked permission to accept from President Juanez the place
of Chief of the Mexican Cavalry in the struggle against Maximilian. Presi-
dent Johnson refused him the leave of absence, and Custer accepted the
Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 7th Cavalry and served on the plains until 1871.
On November 27 he fought the decisive battle of the Washita, in Lidian
Territory, completely defeating the Cheyennes. On May 15, 1876, General
Custer commanded his regiment in a campaign against the confederated
Sioux tribes. The Indians were encamped on the Little Big Horn Eiver,
in a region almost unknown. Their eleven tribes numbered nearly 9,000.
The Government expedition consisted of 1,100 men. The attack was made
June 25 by a portion of the regiment numbering fewer than 200 Cavalry,
while General Custer with 277 troopers charged on the village from another
direction. They were met by overwheming numbers, and General Custer
with his entire command was slain.

Cutler, Lysander, ^Major-General, was born in Maine in 1806. He
offered his services to the Government, and was given command. of the 6th
Wisconsin Eegiment, which he soon made one of the best in the L'nion
Army. He was later in command of the "Iron Brigade" of the Army of
the Potomac, to which his regiment was attached, and won promotion to
Brigadier and Major-General. He was twice wounded, and died at Mil-
waukee July 30, 1866.

Day, Haxnibal, Brigadier- General, born in Vermont about 1802. He
was graduated at West Point in 1823. He served in the Florida Seminole
War, was commissioned Captain July 7, 1838, Major February 23, 1852,
Lieutenant-Colonel February 25, 1861, and Colonel January 7, 1862. He
commanded a Brigade of the Fifth Corps in the Pennsj-lvania Campaign in
1863, taking part in the Battle of Gettysburg. He was retired from ac-
tive duty ''on his own application after forty consecutive years of service "^



August 1, 1863, and employed on military commissions and courts martial
from July 25, 1864. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted Brigadier-
General for long service.

De Trobkiand, Philippe Regis, Maior-General, born near Tours,
France, June 4, 1816. He studied in various French military schools till
1830, when he entered the University of Orleans and was graduated as
•'bachelier of lettres" in 1834, and at Goitiers, with license to practice as a
lawyer, in 1838. He came to the United States in 1841, edited and pub-
lished the Revue de Nouveau Mode in New York in 1849-50, and was joint
editor of the Courier des Etats - Unis in 1854-61. He Joined the Army as
Colonel of the 55th New York Regiment, August 28, 1861 ; was engaged at
Yorktown and Williamsburg, commanded a Brigade of the Third Army
Corps in 1862-63, and was at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettys-
burg. He was made Brigadier-General of Volunteers in January, 1864,
and placed in command of the defences of New York City. As com-
mander of a Brigade in the Second Army Corps he was at Deep Bottom,
Petersburg, Hatcher's Run and Five Forks, and he led a Division in the
operations that ended in Lee's surrender. He was brevetted Major-General
of Volunteers on April 9, 1865 ; entered the Regular Army as Colonel of
the 31st Infantry on July 28, 1866, was brevetted Brigadier-General,
United States Army, March 2, 1867, and commanded the District of
Dakota. He was transferred to the 13th Infantry on March 15, 1869, and
was retired at his own request, on account of age, on March 20, 1879, since
which date he has resided in New Orleans, La.

Devin, Thomas C, Major-General, born in New York City in 1822. He
received a common school education, followed the trade of a painter, and
became Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st New York Militia Regiment. Just
after the Battle of Bull Run he told Mr. Thurlow Weed that he wished
authority to raise a Cavalry company for immediate service. Mr. Weed
telegraphed to Governor Morgan, obtained the desired commission, and in
two days the company had been recruited and was on its way to Washing-
ton. Three months later he was given a command as Colonel of the 6th
New York Volunteers, attached to the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the
Potomac, and he participated in all the battles fought by that Corps from
Antietam to Lee's surrender. At Five Forks he commanded his Brigade,
and carried the Confederate earthworks. He was brevetted Brigadier-Gen-
eral of Volunteers August 15, 1864, for bravery at Front Royal, where he
was wounded, and Major-General March 13, 1865, for his service during
the war. He entered the Regular Army as Lieutenant- Colonel of the 8th
Cavalry July 28, 1866, commanding the District of Montana. On March
S, 1867, he was brevetted Colonel, United States Army, for gallantry at



Fisher^s Hill, and Brigadier-General for services at Sailor's Creek, He
subsequently commanded the District of Arizona, and on June 25, 1877,
became Colonel of the 3d Cavalry, He died in New York City April 4,
1878. General Grant, in a conversation with Thurlow Weed, called Gen-
eral Devin, next to General Sheridan, the best Cavalry officer in the Army.

DoTJBLEDAY, ABifER, Major- General, born at Ballston Spa, N. Y., June
S6, 1819 ; was graduated at "West Point in 1842, served in the Artillery
through the Mexican War, was promoted to First Lieutenant in 1847 and
Captain, March 3, 1855. He was in the garrison of Fort Sumter, and
aimed the first gun fired in its defence, April 12, 1861. He was made
Brigadier-General, February 2, 1862, and assigned to command all the
defences of Washington ; was engaged at the second Battle of Bull Eun,
where he succeeded to the command of Hatch's Division. At Antietam
his Division, on the extreme right, opened the fight and lost heavily, but
captured six battle-flags. He was promoted Major-General of Volunteers,
October 29, 1862 ; was at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, and suc-
ceeded General Eeynolds in command of the First Corps. On July 1, 1863,
he was sent to Gettysburg to support Buford's Cavalry, and on the fall of
General Reynolds took command of the field till the arrival of General
Howard, some hours later. In the repulse of Pickett's charge on the 8d,
his Division was prominent. In July, 1864, he had command of the
Southeastern defences of Washington, when Early's raiders threatened the
Federal Capital. He was brevetted Colonel, Brigadier and Major- General
for meritorious services, became Colonel of the 35th Infantry in 1867, and
was retired in 1873.

EusTis, Henry Latvrejtce, Brigadier-General, was born at Fort Inde-
pendence, Boston, Mass,, February 1, 1819, graduated at Harvard in 1838,
and at West Point at the head of his class in 1842, being assigned to the
Engineer Corps. He assisted in the construction of Fort Warren and
Lovell's Island Seawall, in Boston harbor, in 1843-5, and engineering opera-
tions in Newport harbor. In 1847 he was made the Principal Assistant
Professor of Engineering at West Point. He resigned in 1849, becoming
Professor of Engineering at Harvard, organizing the Scientific Department
there, and held the position until his death, January 11, 1885. In the
Civil War he was Colonel of the 10th Massachusetts Volunteers, serving at
Williamsport, Fredericksburg, Marye Heights, Salem, Gettysburg, Rappa-
hannock Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, S])ottsylvania, Cold Harbor and
many minor actions. He was brevetted Brigadier-General on September 12,
1863, and resigned on June 27, 1864, owing to impaired health.

Farnsworth, Elax J,, Brigadier-General, born in Green Oak, Livings-
tou County, Mich., in 1837. educated in the public schools, and spent a



year at the University of Michigan, Leaving college in 1858, he served in
the Quartermaster's Department of the Army during the Utah Expedition
of that year. In 1861 he became Assistant-Quartermaster of the 8th
Illinois Cavalry, was soon promoted Captain, and took part in all the battles
of the Peninsula, and in those of Pojoe's Campaign. He was appointed aid
to General Pleasonton in May, 1863, promoted to Brigadier-General June
29, and was killed July 3, while leading a charge during the Battle of
Gettysburg.

Garrard, Kenner, Major-General, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in
1830 ; graduated at "West Point in 1851, entered the Dragoons, became a
Captain, March 3, 1855 ; Avas engaged in frontier service in Texas, and cap-
tured by the Confederates on April 12, 1861. Aft^r being exchanged, he
was commissioned, September 27, 1862, Colonel of the 146th Regiment of
New York Volunteers, and engaged in the principal battles of the Eappahan-
nock and Pennsylvania Campaigns. On July 23, 1863, he was promoted
Brigadier-General ; took part at Rappahannock Station and in theMine Run
operations, and in 1864 commanded a Cavalry Division of the Army of the
Cumberland, and participated in the operations around Chattanooga and
the invasion of Georgia, being constantly engaged in detached expeditions.
He was brevetted Colonel in the United States Army for services in the
expedition to Covington, Ga. From December, 1864, till the end of hos-
tilities he commanded the Second Division of the Sixteenth Army CorjDs.
He distinguished himself at the Battle of Nashville, earning the brevets of
Major-General of Volunteers and Brigadier- General in the Regular Army,
participated in the operations against Mobile, led the storming column that
captured Blakeley, and was placed in command of the District of Mobile.
He received the brevet of Major-General, United States Army, for services
during the war. On November 9, 1866, he resigned his commission in the
Regular Army, and died in Cincinnati, May 15, 1879.

Geary, John White, Major-General, born in "Westmoreland County,
Pa., December 30, 1819. After a partial course in Jefferson College he was
employed as a civil engineer in Kentucky, studied law and was admitted to
the bar. At the opening of the war with Mexico, in 1846, he became Lieu-
tenant-Colonel of the 2d Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and
commanded his regiment at Chapultepec, where he was wounded, but
resumed his command the same day at the attack which carried the Belen-
gatc. He Avas detailed by General Scott at the first command of the City of
Mexico. He was appointed in 1849 to be the first Postmaster of San Fran-
cisco, with authority to establish the postal service throughout California.
He was also the first American Alcalde of San Francisco, and a ' ' Judge of
the first instance." In 1850 he became the first Mayor of that city and took



a leading part in the formation of the new Constitution of California. In
1852 he retired to his farm in Westmoreland County, Pa. In 1856 he was
appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Kansas, which office he held one year.
At the beginning of the war raised the 28th Pennsylvania Volunteers. He
commanded in several engagements, and Avon distinction at Bolivar Heights,
where he was wounded. He occupied Leesburg, Va., in March, 1862, and
routed General Hill. On April 25, 1862, he was commissioned Brigadier-
General. He was severely wounded in the arm at Cedar Mountain, August
9, 1862. At Chancellorsville and Gettysburg he led the Second Division of
the Twelfth Corps, and he took part in the battles of Wauhatchie and Look-
out Mountain, in both of which he was distinguished. He commanded the
Second Division of the Twentieth Corps in Sherman's march to the sea, and
was the first to enter Savannah, of which place he was apjDointed Military
Governor. He was brevetted Major-General in 1865. He was selected Gov-
ernor of Pennsylvania in 1866, and held this office until two weeks before
his death, which took place at Harrisburg February 8, 1873.

Gibbon, Johx, Major-General, born near llolmesburg. Pa., April 20,
1827. He was graduated at West Point in 1847, assigned to the Artillery,
served through the Mexican War at the City of Mexico and afterwards on
frontier and garrison duty. He was assistant Instructor of Artillery at AVest
Point in 1854:-'57 and Quartermaster there in 1856-^59. On November 2,
1859, he became Captain in the 4th Artillery. He was Chief of Artillery
under General McDowell from October 29, 1861, till May 2, 1862, and at
the latter date made Brigadier-General of Volunteers ; he commanded a
Brigade through the Northern Virginia, Maryland, Rappahannock and
Pennsylvania Campaigns in 1862-'63, receiving the brevets of Major in the
Regular Army, September 17, 1862, for Antietam ; Lieutenant-Colonel
December 13, 1862, for Fredericksburg ; and Colonel, July 4, 1863, for
Gettysburg, He became a Major-General of Volunteers on June 7, 1864,
and was engaged at the AVilderness, Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor. After
January 15, 1865, he commanded the Twenty-fourth Army Corps, and was
before Petersburg from June 15, 1864, till April 2, 1865, taking part in the
assaults of the last two days and carrying two redoubts. He was brevetted
Brigadier-General and Major-General United States Army, March 13, 1865,
and was one of the Commissioners to carry into effect the stipulations for
Lcc's surrender. Since the war he has commanded various posts as Colonel
of the 3Gth Infantry in 1866-'69 and of the 7th Infantry in 1869-'86. He
had charge of the Yellowstone Expedition against Sitting Bull in 1876, and
on August 9, 1877, commanded in the action with the Nez Perces Indians
at Big Hole Pass, Montana, where he was wounded. On July 10, 1886, he
was promoted to Brigadier-General,



Graham, Charles Kinnaird, Major-General, born in New York City
June 3, 1824. He entered the United States Navy as midshipman in 18-11,
and served in the Gulf during the war with Mexico, at the close of which,
in 1848, he resigned. About 1857 he was appointed Constructing Engineer
of the Brooklyn Navy Yard, the dry dock and landing ways being built
under his supervision. At the beginning of the war he volunteered with
about 400 in his employ, entering the Excelsior Brigade, in which he be-
came Colonel and was actively engaged in the Army of the Potomac, being,
in November, 1862, commissioned Brigadier-General and fighting at the
Battle of Gettysburg, where he was severely wounded. He was afterwards
assigned to the command of a gunboat flotilla on the James Eiver under
General Butler, and was the first to carry the National Colors up that river.
He subsequently took part in the attack on Fort Fisher, and remained on
duty at different points until the close of the war, Avhen he returned to the
practice of engineering in New York City. He was brevetted Major-Gen-
eral, March 13, 1865. General Graham was Chief Engineer of the New
York Dock Department from 1878 till 1883, when he became Naval Officer
of the Port, and held that post until 1885. He is now the Engineer of the
New York State Commission on Gettysburg Monuments.

Grakt, Lewis A., Major-(ieneral, born in Vermont about 1820. He
was commissioned Major of the 5th A'ermont Infantry August 15, 1861 ;
Lieutenant-Colonel September 25, 1861, and Colonel September 16, 1862.
He commanded the Twentieth Brigade of the Second Division of the Sixth
Corps at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and Avas commissioned Brigadier-
General of Volunteers April 27, 1864. He was brevetted Major-General of
Volunteers October 14, 1864, and luustered out of service August 24, 1865.

Greexi:, George Sears, Major-General. born in Ehodo Island May 6,
1801, graduated at West Point in 1823, second in his class. He served in
various garrisons and as Instructor at West Point until 1836, when he
resigned and became a civil engineer, building many railroads in several of
the Eastern and Middle States, and for several years had charge of the New
York City Water Works. He re-entered the army in 1862 as Colonel of the
60th New Y^ork Regiment, and became Brigadier-General of Volunteers
April 28, 1862. He commanded his Brigade at Cedar Mountain, and was
in command of the Second Division of the Twelfth Army Corps in the Bat-
tle of Antietam. He also led his Brigade at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
At Gettysburg, on the night of July 2, 1863, with a part of his Brigade, he
held the right wing of the Army of the Potomac at Gulp's Hill against
more than a Division of Confederate troops, thereby averting a threatened
disaster. In a night engagement at Wauhatchie, near Chattanooga, October
28, 1863, he was dangerously wounded in the jaw. With Sherman's Army



m North CaroHiin he participated in the engagements preceding Johnston's
surrender, and Avas brevetted Major-General March 13, 1865. In 1867 he
became Chief Engineer and Commissioner of the New York Croton Aqueduct
Department till 1871, when he was made Chief Engineer of Public Works
in Washington, D. C, but resigned in 1872. Since that date he has been



Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 7 of 29)