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John Tregaskis.

Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

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Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 8 of 29)
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engaged as consulting engineer on various works.

CtRegg, David McMurtie, Major-General, born in Huntingdon, Pa.,
April 10, 1833, graduated at West Point in 1855, assigned to the Dragoons,
served for several years in New Mexico and California and became Captain
in the 6th Cavalry in May, 1861. In January, 1862, he was appointed
Colonel of the 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry, and was engaged at the Battle of
Fair Oaks, the seven days' fight and otherwise during the Virginia Penin-
sula Campaign in 1862. He became Brigadier- Cleneral of Volunteers on
November 29, commanded a Division of Cavalry in the Army of the Poto-
mac from December, 1862, till June, 1863, and was engaged at Beverly
Ford, Aldie, Gettysburg, Eapidan Station and New Hope Church. He
commanded the 2d Cavalry Division, April 6, 1864, to February 3, 1865, in
the Richmond Campaign, and the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac from
August 1, 1864, when he was brevetted Major-GenQral, till his resignation,
February 3, 1805. He was appointed United States Consul at Prague,
Bohemia, in 1874, and in 1886 became Commander of the Pennsylvania
Order of the Loyal Legion.

Gregg, John Irvin, Major-General, born in Belief onte. Pa., July 19,
1826. He volunteered for the Mexican War as a private in December, 1846,
was appointed a Lieutenant of the 11th Regular Infantry in February, 1847,
and Captain on September 5, 1847. At the close of that war he engaged
in the iron business in Centre County, Pa. He was appointed Captain in
the 6th United States Cavalry in May, 1861, Colonel 16th Pennsylvania
Cavalry in October, 1862, and commanded a Cavalry Brigade in the Army
of the Potomac from April, 1863, till April, 1865. He participated in
numerous battles, including Deep Bottom, where he was severely wounded.
For gallant and meritorious services he was brevetted Major-General of
Volunteers, and Brigadier-General United States Army at the close of the
war. He became Colonel of the 8th Cavalry July 28, 1868, and was with
his regiment on the Pacific coast till he was retired for disability incurred
' in line of duty April 2, 1879.

^Hancock, Wim field Scott, Major-General, born at Montgomery
Square, Pa., February 14, 1824, was graduated at West Point July 1, 1844,
and assigned to duty in the 6th Infantry at Fort Tonson, Indian
Territory, In the summer of 1847 he joined the Army of General Scott in
its advance xi-pon the Mexican Capital, participated in the chief; battles iyf



fhe campaign and was brevetted First Lieutenant. From 1848 till 1859 he
served witli the regiment at various frontier posts in line and staff duty.
From 1859 till 1861 Captain Hancock was Chief Quartermaster of the
Southern District of California. At the beginning of the Civil War in 1861
he asked to be transferred to more active service at the seat of the war. In
a letter to a friend at this time he said : " My politics are of a practical
kind вАФ the integrity of the country, the supremacy of the Federal Govern-
ment, an honorable peace or none at all." He was commissioned a Briga-
dier-General of Volunteers September 23, 1861, and aided in organizing the
Army of the Potomac. During the Peninsula Campaign under General
McClellan he was especially conspicuous at the battles of Williamsburg and
Frazer's Farm. He took an active part in the subsequent campaign in
Maryland, at the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, being assigned
to command the First Division of the Second Army Corps on the battle-
field at Antietam Septeniber 17, 1862. He was made a Major-General of
Volunteers, November 29, 1862, and commanded a Division in the attempt
to storm Marye's Heights at the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13,
1862. In this assault General Hancock led his men through such a fire as
has rarely been encountered in warfare. He commanded 5,006 men, and
left 2,013 of them on the field. In the three days' fight at Chancellorsville,
in May, 1863, Hancock's Division took a prominent part. In the decisive
action at Gettysburg of July 3 Hancock commanded the left centre, the
main point assailed by the Confederates, and was shot from his horse.
Though dangerously wounded he remained on the field till the enemy was
repulsed, when he sent this message to General Meade : " We have gained
a great victory. The enemy is now flying in all directions in my front."
Out of fewer than 10,000 men, the Second Army Corps lost at Gettysburg
about 4,000 killed or wounded. It captured 4,500 prisoners and about
thirty colors. On April 21, 1866, Congress passed a resolution thanking
General Hancock for his services in the Campaign of 1863. Disabled by his
wound, he was not again employed on active duties till the sj^ring of 1864,
when he resumed command of the Second Army Corps, and bore a promi-
nent part in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania, where the
fighting was almost continuous from the 5th to the 26th of May. In the
engagement at Spottsylvania Court House General Hancock, on the night of
the 11th, moved to a position within 1,200 yards of General Lee's right cen-
tre, where he formed a sharp salient since known as " The Bloody Angle,"
and early on the morning of the 12tli he gave the order to advance. His
heavy column overran the Confederate pickets without firing a shot, burst
through the abatis, and after a short hand-to-hand conflict inside the en-
trenchments captured nearly 4,000 prisoners, twenty pieces of artillery, with
lioj'ses, caisfsons and matflml coiipiplete, several fhousand gt^nd oi wiall



arms and upward of thirty colors. The fighting at this j^oint was as fierce
as any during the war, the battle raging furiously and incessantly along the
Avhole line throughout the day and late into the night. General Lee made
live separate assaults to retake the works, but without success. In the sub-
sequent operations of the army, at the crossing of the North Anna, the
second Battle of Cold Harbor and the assault on the lines in front of Peters-
burg, General Hancock was active and indefatigable. He was appointed
a Brigadier-General in the Regular Army, August 13, 1864, '"for gallant
and distinguished services in the battles of the "Wilderness, Spottsylvania
and Cold Harbor, and in all operations of the Army in Virginia under Lieu-
tenant-General Grant." On August 21 the Second Corps was brought to
Petersburg by a long night march, and on the 25th occurred the only
notable disaster in Hancock's career. While he was entrenched at Eeam's
(Station his lines were carried by the enemy and many of his men captured.
In this hour of defeat' the intrej)id commander, covered with dust, begrimed
with powder and smoke, laying his hand upon a staff ofiicers shoulder,
said : " Colonel, I do not care to die, but I pray to God I may never leave
this field." In February, 1865, he was assigned to the command of the
Middle Military Division and ordered to AVinchester, Va., to relieve General
Sheridan from the command of the Army of the Shenandoah. After the
assassination of President Lincoln General Hancock's headquarters ' were
transferred to Washington, and he was placed in command of the defences
of the Capital. On July 26, 1866, he Avas appointed a Major-General in the
Regular Army. He subsequently commanded the Department of the Mis-
souri, the Fifth District, comprising Texas and Louisiana, the Department
of Dakota and the Division of the Atlantic. . General Hancock's name was
favorably mentioned in 1868 and 1872 as a candidate for Presidential
honors, and he was nominated by the Democratic party in the Cincinnati
Convention, June 24, 1880, receiving on the first ballot 171 votes in a con-
vention containing 738 members, and on the second ballot he had 320 votes.
Senator Bayard of Delaware 153 1-2, the remainder of the votes scattering
among twelve candidates. On the second ballot General Hancock received
320 votes. Senator Thomas F. Bayard 111 and Speaker Samuel J. Randall
of the House of Representatives 128 1-2. The third ballot gave General
Hancock 705 votes, and the nomination was made unanimous. The election
in November resulted in the following popular vote : James A. Garfield,
Republican, 4,454,416 ; Winfield S. Hancock, Democrat, 4,444,952 ; James
B. Weaver, Greenback, 308,578 ; Neal Dow, Prohibition, 10,305. General
Hancock continued in the discharge of official duty. His last notable ap-
pearance in public was at General Grant's funeral, all the arrangements for
which were carried out under his supeiwision. The' esteem in which he
was beld as a citizen and a .^^oldier was, perhaps, never greater than at the



time of his death, which occurred at Governor's Island, New York Harbor,

February 9, 188G.

Haerois', William, Brigadier-General, was born about 1820. He was
engaged as Colonel of the 14tli Indiana Infantry, at the Battle of Antietam,
where more than half of his regiment were killed or wounded. He was
commissioned as Brigadier-General of Volunteers on November 29, 1862,
and resigned on April 20, 1865.

Hays, Alexander, Brigadier-General, born at Venango County, Pa.,
July 8, 1819, was killed in the Battle of the Wilderness May 5, 1864. He was
graduated at "West Point in 1844. As a Lieutenant of the 8th Infantry in
the Mexican War he won special distinction in the engagement near Atlixco,
In April, 1848, he resigned and engaged in manufacturing iron in 1848-'50,
was an engineer on railroad construction in 1850-4, and from 1854 till 1861
was a civil engineer in Pittsburg. When the war began in 1861 Hays re-
entered the service as Colonel of the 63 d Pennsylvania Eegiment. At the
close of the seven day's contest around Richmond he was brevetted Lieuten-
ant-Colonel. He took part in the Maryland Campaign, and was appointed
Brigadier-General of Volunteers September 29, 1862. He was wounded at
Chancellorsville while at the head of his Brigade. He commanded the
Third Division of his Corps at the Battle of Gettysburg, and, after Hancock
was wounded, was temporarily in command, gaining tlie brevet of Colonel
in the United States Army. When the Army of the Potomac was reorgan-
ized. Hays was placed in command of the Second Brigade of Birney's Divi-
sion of the Second Corps, and gallantly met his death during the terrible
struggle toward the junction of the plank and brook roads, which was the
feature of the first day's fighting in the W^ilderness.

Hats, William, Brigadier-General, born in Richmond, Va., in 1819,
was graduated at West Point in 1840, served in the Artillery, received sev-
eral brevets for gallant and meritorious conduct in the Mexican War and
was promoted to the rank of Major. He commanded a Brigade of Horse
Artillery in 1861-2 in the Army of the Potomac, participating in the battles
of Antietam and Fredericksburg, and was apjiointed Brigadier-General of
Volunteers in November, 1862. He was wounded and taken prisoner at
Chancellorsville May 6, 1863, rejoined the army at Gettysburg, and in
November was appointed Provost Marshal of the Southern District of New
York. In February, 1865, he returned to the front at Petersburg, and
served with the Second Corps and in command of the Reserve Artillery
until the close of the war, when he was brevetted Brigadier- General in the
Regular Army for gallant conduct, lie served at various posts, commanded
at Fort Independence. Boston Harbor, from April 29, 1873, till his death,
February 7, 1875.




1. MAJOR-GENERAL JOSEPH HOOKER.

3. MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN SEDGWICK
5. MAJOR-GENERAL D. B. BIRNEY.
7. MAJOR-GENERAL JOHN NEWTON.



2. MAJOR-GENERAL G. K. WARREN.

4. MAJOR-GENERAL ALFRED PLEASONTON

6. MAJOR-GENERAL D. E. SICKLES.

8. MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE SYKES.



9. major-gen::ral carl schurz.



Howard, Oliver Otis, Major- General, was born in Leeds, Me., Novem-
ber 8, 1830, graduated at Bowdoin in 1850, and at West Point in 1854,
became First Lieutenant and Instructor in Mathematics in 1854, and
resigned in 1861 to take command of the 3d Maine Regiment. He com-
manded a Brigade at the Battle of Bull Eun, and for gallantry in that
engagement was made Brigadier-General of Volunteers September 3, 1861.
He participated in the Battle of Antietam, and commanded the Eleventh
Corps during Hooker's operations at Chancellorsville in May, 1863 ; served
at Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain and Missionary Eidge. He was with the
Army of the Tennessee in the march through Georgia, was engaged at Dal-
ton, Eesaca, Adairsville, and Pickett's Mill, where he was again wounded,
was at the surrender of Atlanta, and joined in pursviit of Hood's Confeder-
ates in Alabama from October 4 till December 13, 1864. In the march to
the sea and through the Carolinas he commanded the right wing of General
Sherman's army. He became Brigadier-General in the L^uited States Army
December 21, 1864 ; commanded the Army of the Tennessee, and engaged
in all the important battles from January 4 till the surrender of General
Joseph E. Johnston at Durham, N. C, April 26, 1865, and was brevetted
Major-General for gallantry. He was Commissioner of the Freodmen's
Bureau at Washington from March, 1865, till July, 1874. In 1877, while
commanding the Department of the Columbia, he led the expedition against
the Nez Perces Indians, and in 1878 led the campaign against the Bannacks
and Piutes. In 1881-2 he was Superintendent of the L^nited States Mili-
tary Academy. In 1886 he was commissioned Major-General and assigned
to the command of the Division of the Pacific.



Howe, Albiok Paris, Major-General, born in Standish, Me., March 13,
1818, graduated at West Point in 1841, entered the 4th Artillery, and from
1843 till 1846 was a teacher of mathematics at the Military Academy. He
served with credit in the Mexican War, and was brevetted Captain for his
conduct at Contreras and Chucubusco. He was General McClellan's Chief of
Artillery in Western Virginia in 1861, and commanded a Brigade of Light
Artillery in the Army of the Potomac during the campaign on the peninsula
in 1862. He was appointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers July 11, 1862,
and commanded a Brigade in Couch's Division, Fourth Army Corps. He
was in the battles of Manassas, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg
and Gettysburg, commanded the Artillery depot at Washington, D. C, in
1864-6, and was brevetted Major-General, L^nited States Army, March 13,
1865, for meritorious service during the Eebellion. He was retired from the
army in 1882, after serving for several years on the Pacific coast wjth the
4tli Artillery, of which he was Major.



Humphreys, An"Drew Atkinson, Major-General, was born in Philadel-
phia, Pa., November 2, 1810, graduated at West Point in 1831, assigned to
the 2d Artillery, and serA'ed at the Military Academy and in Florida. In
September, 1836, he resigned and was employed as a civil engineer and by
the United States Light House Board. On July 7, 1838, he was reappointed
in the United States Army as First Lieutenant of Topographical Engineers,
and served in charge of works for the improvement of various harbors and
the Mississippi Delta, and in Washington in 1842-9 as assistant in charge of
the Coast Survey Office. He was sent to Europe in 1851 to study systems for
the improvement of the mouth of the Mississippi. He was made Major in
August, 1861, was Chief of Topographical Engineers of the Army of the
Potomac, and was made Brigadier-r4cneral of Volunteers on April 28, 1862.
In September, 1862, he was given command of a Division of new troops in
the Fifth Corps of the Army of tlie Potomac, with which he led in the
Mar3-land Campaign. He was engaged in the Battle of Fredericksburg and
Chancellorsville, receiving the brevet of C*olonel. He served in the Battle of
Gettysburg under General Daniel E. Sickels, and was promoted Major-Gen-
eral. On July 8, 1863, he became Chief of Staff to General Meade. In Novem-
ber, 1864, he was given command of the Second Corps, which was engaged
under his direction at the siege of Petersburg, the actions at Hatcher's Eun,
and the consequent operations ending with Lee's surrender. General
Humphreys received the brevet of Major-General in the L^nited States
Army. From December, 1865, till August, 1866, he was in charge of the
Mississippi levees. He was then made Brigadier-General and given com-
mand of the Corps of Engineers, the highest scientific appointment in the
United States Army, with charge of the Engineer Bureau in Washington.
This office he held until June 30, 1879, when he was retired at his own
request. He died in Washington December 27, 1883.

Hunt, Henry Jackson, Major-General, born in Detroit, Mich., Septem-
ber 14, 1819, was graduated at West Point in 1839, served in the Artillery
on frontier and garrison duty till the outbreak of the Mexican War, during
which he was brevetted Captain for gallantry at Contreras and Churubusco,
and Major at Chapultepcc, and was at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, San Antonio,
Molino del Eey, where he was twice wounded, and at the capture of the
City of Mexico. He was then on frontier duty till the Civil War, with the
exception of service in 1856-7 and 1858-60 on a Board to revise the system of
Light Artillery tactics. He had become Major of the 5th Artillery May 14,
1861, and commanded the Artillery on the extreme left in the Battle of
Bull Eun. He was Chief of Artillery in the defence of Washington from
July to September, 1861, and on September 28 became aide to General Mc-
Clellan with the rank of Colonel, and organized the Artillery Eeserve of the
Army of the Potomac, commanding it in the Peninsula Campaign of 1862.



In September, 1862, he was made Brigadier-General of Volunteers, and be-
came Chief of Artillery of the Army of the Potomac, holding the ofiflce till
the close of the war, and taking an active part in all the battles that were
fought by that army. He was brevetted Colonel July 3, 1863, for Gettys-
burg, Major-General of Volunteers July 6, 1864, for "faithful and highly
meritorious services," Brigadier-General in the Regular Army for services in
the campaign ending with Lee's surrender, and Major-General United
States Army, March 13, 1865, for services during the war. He was Presi-
dent of the Permanent Artillery Board in 1866, and then commanded vari-
ous forts, being promoted to Colonel of the 5th Artillery April 4, 1869. He
was retired from active service September 14, 1883, and became Governor
of the Soldier's Home, Washington, D. C.

IxGALLS, EuFUS, Major-General, born in Demark, Me., August 20, 1820,
graduated at West Point in 1843, served in the 1st Dragoons, was in the
battles of Embudo and Taos, Xew Mexico, in 1847, and became Assistant
Quartermaster January 12, 1848, with rank of Captain. He was ajjpointed
Lieutenant-Colonel and Aide-de-camp to General McClellan September 26,
1861, and was Chief Quartermaster in the Army of the Potomac from 1862
to 1865. He was promoted Brigadier-General May 23, 1863, and was pres-
ent in the battles of South ^fountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancel-
lorsville, Gettysburg and the subsecjuent actions till the surrender of Lee.
He was brevetted Brigadier-General in the Regular Army in 1864, and
Major-General for meritorious services during the war, March 13, 1865, was
stationed in Xew York as Chief Quartermaster from 1867 till 1876, and
again in 1881, and on March 14, 1882, became Quartermaster-General of
the Army. He was retired at his own request after forty years' service,
July 1, 1883.

Kaxe, Thomas Leipek, Brigadier-General, born in Philadelphia, Pa.,
January 27, 1822 ; educated in Paris, studied law, and was admitted to the
bar in Philadelj^hia in 1846. In April, 1861, he organized, in Xorth-
western Pennsylvania, a Regiment of hunters and loggers known as the
'*' Bucktails," which became famous for valor and endurance. He was
wounded at Dranesville, where he led the advance. On September 7, 1862,
he was made a Brigadier-General for gallant services in the field. At the
beginning of the Battle of Gettysburg he was absent on sick leave, yet
he hastened to Washington for orders, took to General Meade the infor-
mation that the National telegraphic cipher was known to the Confed-
erates, joined his Brigade on the morning of the second day, and held an
important position on the extreme right. He resigned on November 7,
1863, being disabled by wounds and exposure.



KiLPATRiCK, Hugh Judson, Major-General, was born near Deckerton^
X. J., January 14, 1836 ; was graduated at West Point in 1861, appointed
a Captain in Duryea^s Zouaves, 5th !New York Volunteers ; was wounded at
Big Bethel and disabled for several months. In August, 1861, he assisted
in raising a Eegiment of Xew York Cavalry, of which he was made Lieu-
tenant-Colonel. In 1862 he was engaged in various skirmishes in North-
ern Virginia and the second Battle of Bull Eun. He commanded a
Brigade of Cavalry in the Eappahannock Campaign, being engaged in
Stoneman's raid toward Eichmond and at Beverly Ford. He was promoted
Brigadier-General of Volunteers on June 13, 1863, and commanded a
Cavalry Division in the Battle of Aldie, and was brevetted for bravery
there. He took part in the Battle of Gettysburg, earning there the brevet
of Lieutenant-Colonel in the United States Army, and in the subsequent
pursuit of the Confederates was engaged in constant fighting at Smithburg,
Hagerstown, Boonsboro and Falling Waters. In the operations in Central
Virginia, during the autumn of 1863, he commanded a Cavalry Division,
which he led with credit in many actions. In March, 1864, he commanded
in a raid toward Eichmond and through the Virginia Peninsula, in which he
destroyed much property and had many severe fights. He took part, in
1864, in the raid into Georgia as Commander of a Cavalry Division of the
Army of the Cumberland, rendering very important service to the L^nion
cause, and being severely wounded at Eesaca. In the March to the Sea and
through the Carolinas he participated in many skirmishes and engagements
with signal success. He was brevetted Colonel for bravery at Eesaca, Briga-
dier-General for the capture of Fayetteville, N. C, and Major-General for
services throughout the Carolina Campaign. He was promoted Major-Gen-
eral of Volunteers on June 18, 1865. He was conspicuous for inspiring con-
fidence in the soldiers under his command, and gained a high reputation as a
daring, brilliant and successful Cavalry leader. In 1865 he was appointed
Minister to Chili by President Johnson, and was recalled in 1868. In
1880 he was an unsuccessful Eepublican candidate for Congress in New
Jersey. In March, 1881, President Garfield appointed him again Minister
to Chili, and he died at Valparaiso, December 4, 1881.

LocKWOOD, Henry Hayes, Brigadier-General, born in Kent County,
Del., August 17, 1814, was graduated at AVest Point in 1836, assigned to
the 2d Artillery, and after service in Florida resigned September 12, 1837,
and engaged in farming in Delaware until 1841. He was then appointed
Professor of Mathematics in the United States Navy and ordered to the
frigate United States, on which he participated in the capture of Monterey,
Cal., in October, 1842. After his return he was ordered to the Naval
School at Annapolis as Professor of Natural and Experimental I'hJlosophy.
In 1851 he was transferred to the chair of Field Artillery and Infantry Tac-



tics, serving also as Professor of Astronomy and Gunnery till 1866. During
the Civil War he served as Colonel of the 1st Delaware Regiment, and was
made Brigadier-General of Volunteers on August 8, 1861. He commanded
an expedition to the eastern shore of Virginia, then had charge of Point
Lookout and the defence of the lower Potomac, commanded a Brigade at
Gettysburg, and from December, 1863, till 1864, was at the head of the
Middle Department, with headquarters at Baltimore. He then partici-
pated in the Richmond campaign in May and June, 1864, and commanded
provisional troops against General Jubal A. Early in July, 1864. From
that date until August, 1865, he commanded a Brigade in Baltimore. He
was mustered out of service on August 25, 1865, and returned to the Naval
School in Annapolis. He was retired on August 4, 1876.

McGiLVEKY, Freeman, Colonel, born in Prospect, Me., in 1823, became
a sailor and master of a vessel in the South American trade. He raised a
Batter}" in Maine which first came into action at Cedar Mountain, August
9, 1F62, where he helped to save the left flunk of the Union Ariny. He
was engaged at Sulphur Springs, the second Battle of Bull Run, Chantilly
and Antietam. Having been promoted Major February 5, 1863 he was
given command of the 1st Volunteer Artillery Reserve, Army of the Poto-
mac. He became Lieutenant-Colonel June 23, 1863. By the ?apid and
destructive fire of his guns at Gettysburg he repelled their infantry charges



Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 8 of 29)