John Tregaskis.

Souvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year online

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Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 9 of 29)
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on General Sickles' position and saved the Union line. He was promoted
Colonel, and in June, 1864, commanded the Reserve Artillery before Peters-
burg. He was made Chief of Artillery of the Tenth Corps, and Avas shot in
the hand at Deep Bottom, An amputation became necessary, and while
undergoing it September 2, 1864, he died from the effects of chloroform.

Meredith, Solomox, Major-General, born in Guilford County, N. C,
in 1810. He removed to Wayne County, Ind., in 1829, and gained an
education by manual labor ; was twice elected Sheriff and four times Mem-
ber of the Legislature. In 1861 he Avas Colonel of the 19th Indiana Volun-
teers, which lost half its effective force at Gainesville, where he was
wounded. He was promoted Brigadier- General in October, 1862, and led
what was known as the "Iron Brigade," receiving special thanks in general
orders for a gallant crossing of the Rappahannock in April, 1863. He took
part in the Battle of Chancellorsville, and opened the Battle of Gettysburg,
where he was very severely wounded. He was brevetted Major-General in
1865. In 1867-69 he was Surveyor-General of Montana, and then retired to
his farm near Cambridge City, Indiana. He was six feet six inches in
height, of commanding presence and an effective speaker. His three sons
were all in the Union Army, and two lost their lives in the service.

Mereitt^ Wesley, Major- General, born in New York City, June 16,
1836, was graduated at West Point in 1860, assigned to the Dragoon service,
became First Lieutenant May 13, 1861, and Captain April 5, 1862. He
took part in Stoneman's raid toward Eichmond April and May, 1863, was
commissioned Brigadier-General of Volunteers in June and commanded the
reserve Cavalry Brigade in the Pennsylvania Campaign. He was brevetted
Major for gallant service at Gettysburg. His Brigade was engaged in the
various actions in Central Virginia in 1863-64, and he received the brevets of
Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel in the Eegular Army and Major-General of
Volunteers for gallantry in the battles of Yellow Tavern, Hawe's Shop and
Winchester, and on March 13, 1865, he was brevetted Brigadier and Major-
General in the Regular Army foi- bravery at Five Forks, and commissioned
Major-General of Volunteers April 1, 1865. After a long tour of frontier
duty he was in 1882 placed in command at West Point, which post he held
till June, 1887, when he was sent to command at Fort Leavenworth as
Brigadier- General.

Xeill, Thomas H., Brigadier- General, born in Pennsylvania in 1825,
graduated at West Point and was assigned to the Infantr}^ in July, 1847. He
served mainly on frontier duty and at West Point until 1861, when he or-
ganized the 23d Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served as its Commander
through the Peninsula Campaign in 1862. Appointed Brigadier-General in
November, he commanded a Brigade of the Sixth Corps at the Battle of
Fredericksburg, December, 1862 ; Marye Heights, May, 1863 ; Gettysburg,
July, 1863, and was in command of a Division during the campaign of '64
around Richmond and Petersburg. He was engaged at Winchester, Octo-
ber 19, 1864, and at the close of the war was brevetted Major-General for
gallantry. In 1870 he was transferred to the 6th Cavalry as Lieutenant-
Colonel, and after a campaign in the Indian Country was in 1875 assigned
to West Point as its Commandant. He was subsequently retired with the
full rank of Colonel, and resides in Philadelphia.

Newton, Johist, Major-General, born in Virginia in 1823, graduated at
West Point, and was appointed Lieutenant of Engineers in July, 1842, and
then became Assistant to the Board of Engineers up to the end of 1843. He
was then transferred to West Point as Chief Instructor in his branch of the
service, remaining there three years ; subsequently, and up to the breaking
out of the Civil War, in 1861, with the exception of his acting as Chief
Engineer of the Utah Expedition in 1858, he was engaged in the construc-
tion of sea coast fortifications. In August, 1861, he was appointed Briga-
dier-General of Volunteers, and given the construction of the defences of
Washington till 1862. With the Army of the Potomac he participated in its
movements, commanding a Division at Fredericksburg in December, 1862 ;

was promoted Major-General in March, 1863. He commanded the Third
Division, Sixth Corps, atMaryc's Heights, and the First Corps at Cettysburg
on July 2, 1863, which position he hold nrAil the reorganization of the
army in March, 1864, when he was transferred to the West, leading a Divi-
sion in the campaign around Atlanta. At the c lose of the war he resumed
duty with the Engineer Corps, in which he Imd risen to the full rank of
Lieutenant-Colonel. Since then he has performed several important
Engineering duties, and is now Commissioner of Public Works for the City
of New York.

OsBORN, Thomas W., Major, was born in Scotch Plains, X. J., March 9,
1836, graduated at Madison University, N. Y., in 1860, studied law at
Watertown, ?»[. Y., was admitted to the bar in 1861, and at once entered the
Union Army as Captain in the 1st New York Artillery, and served as Chief
of Artillery of various Army Corps and oJ the Army of the Tennessee. He
was three times wounded in battle. In the Battle of Gettysburg he was
serving under General Howard in the Eleventh Corps. After the war he
resided in Florida, serving in the State Constitutional Convention and State
Senate, and in the United States Senate from June 30. 1868, till March

3, 1873.


Patrick, Marsena E., Brigadier General, born at Houndsfield, N. Y.,
March 15, 1811, was graduated at West Point in 1835, brevetted Major for
meritorious conduct in the Mexican War, resigned in 1850, engaged in
farming in Jefferson County, N. Y., and in 1859 was ap23ointod President
of the New York State Agricultural College. In 1861 he was made Insjsec-
tor-General of New York Militia, and Brigadier-General of Volunteers in
March, 1862, served with General McDowell in the Shenandoah Valley and
Northern Virginia, and with the Army of the Potomac at South MouTitain
and Antietam. Later he was Provost Marshal-General of the Armies
operating against General Lee. He resigned in June, 1865. Since 1880 he
has been Governor of the Central Branch of the National Home for Disabled
Soldiers in Ohio.

Paul, Gabriel E.. Brigadier-General, born in Missouri, April. 1813 ;
graduated from West Point and became Second Lieutenant of Infantry,
July, 1834. He served with his company in the Florida War, was wounded
in the Mexican War at Cerro Gordo and was made Brevet-Major for Chapul-
tepec. In 1861 he was Major of the 8th Infantry stationed in New Mexico ;
in December of that year he was appointed Colonel of the 4th New Mexico
Volunteers, and in September, 1862, was assigned to the Army of the Poto-
mac as Brigadier-General of Volunteers. He participated in the Battles of
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, completely losing his
sight in the latter engagement from a severe bullet wound. He was retired

in 1865 as Colonel of the 14th Infantry, hut in 1866 Congress granted him
the full pay and allowances of a Brigadier-General. He subsequently served
as Deputy-GrOTernor of the Soldiers' Home at Washington, D. C, and as
Manager of the Military Asylum at Harrodsburg, Ky.

Pleasonton Alfred, Major-General, born in the District of Columbia,
in December, 1823, he graduated from the United States Military Academy,
and was appointed to the 1st Dragoons in July, 1844. He took part in the
Mexican War, and served svibsequently on the frontier and in the Adjutant
General's ofl&ce. He marched his regiment from Utah to Washington in Sep-
tember and October, 1861, and as Major of the 2d Cavalry took part in the
defence of the Capital until March, 1862. He next served the Army of the
Potomac on the Peninsula of Virginia; was made Brigadier, and in September
commanded the Cavalry Division following Lee's Army in the invasion of
Maryland; engaged at Boonsboro, South Mountain, Antietam and subsequent
pursuit. He constantly engaged the Confederate Cavalry at Fredericksburg
and at Chancellorsville by his brilliant action. He stayed the further ad-
vance of Jackson's Corps, which threatened to sweep all before it. Promoted
Major-General in June, 1863, he was in the many actions that preceded
Gettysburg, where he also commanded in chief the Cavalry. Transferred
in 1864 to Missouri, he drove Price's invading forces from the State. After
the war he was United States Commissioner of Internal Revenue, and later
President of Terre Haute and Cincinnati Railroad Company.

Reynolds, John F., Major-General, born in Pennsylvania in 1820,
graduated at West Point in 1841, assigned to artillery, served in the Mexi-
can War, winning brevets of Captain and Major, and was employed in garri-
son and frontier duty till 1860, when he commanded at West Point. In
August, 1861, he was made Brigadier-General. He commanded a Brigade
of Pennsylvania Reserves in the Virginia Peninsula Campaign of 1862, in
the actions at Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill and at Glendale, where he was
taken prisoner. He commanded a Division in the second Battle of Bull
Run. In the Maryland Campaign of 1862 he was selected to command the
Pennsylvania Militia for defence of the State, for which he received,
through the Governor, the thanks of the State. He was promoted Major-
General of Volunteers in November, 1862, commanded the First Corps of
the Army of the Potomac, and took part in the Battle of Fredericksburg,
December 13, 1862. At Chancellorsville his Corps was held in reserve and
not allowed to join in the contest. After having made the disposition of
his troops in person for the opening of the fight at Gettysburg, July 1, 1863,
having urged his men with animating words, he saw the successful charge
under way, when he was struck with a rifle shot that caused almost instant

EiCE, James Glay, Brigadier-General, born at Worthington, Mass., De-
cember 27, 1829, graduated at Yale Gollege ; taught school ; edited a paper
and studied law at Natchez, Miss., 1855-56 ; settled in New York City in
1856 ; enlisted in a New York regiment as a private in 1861, was rapidly
promoted for gallantry and intelligence in many battles in Virginia ; be-
came Golonel of the 44th New York Volunteers ; commanded a Brigade at
Gettysburg and was made Brigadier-General August 17, 1863. He died
from wounds received at the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House, Va.,
May 11, 1864.

KoBiNSON", JoHX C., Brigadier-General, born in Binghamton, N. Y.,
April 10, J 817, entered West Point in 1835, but left in 1838 to study law.
In 1839 he was appointed Lieutenant in the 6tli Infantry ; served in the
Mexican and Seminole Wars. In September, 1861, he was made Colonel of
a Michigan regiment and in 1862 Brigadier-General of Volunteers. He
commanded a Brigade with the Army of the Potomac in the Virginia Penin-
sula Campaign of 1862, at the second battle of Bull Kun, Chantilly and
Fredericksburg. At Gettysburg and in the Richmond Campaign he com-
manded a Division with great bravery, losing a leg on the third day of fight-
ing in the latter campaign at Tod's Tavern. He was brevetted Brigadier
and Major-General for gallantry. In 1866 he was made Colonel of the 43d
Infantry, and in 1869 was retired with the rank of Major-General. He was
elected Lieutenant-Governor of the State of New York in 1872, and has
filled the position of Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the

EuGER, Thomas H., Major-General, born in New York in 1823, gradu-
ated at West Point in 1854, assigned to the Engineer Corps, resigned in
1855, practiced law at Janesville, Wis., was appointed Brigadier-General in
November, 1862, commanded a Division in the Battle of Franklin, won the
brevet of Major-General, commanded the Department of North Carolina
until June, 1866, was Colonel of the 33d Infantry, transferred to the 18th
Infantry in 1869, and became Brigadier-General in the Regular Army
March 19, 1886. HcAvas Superintendent at West Point from 1871 to 1876.
In the Battle of Gettysburg he commanded the First Divison in the Twelfth

Russell, Daniel Allex, Major-General, born at Salem, N. Y., Decem-
ber 10, 1820, graduated at AVest Point in 1845, served in Infantry through
the Mexican War, brevetted First Lieutenant for gallantry, on frontier duty
till the opening of the Rebellion. Appointed Colonel of the 7th Massachu-
setts Volunteers in January, 1862, he led it through the Virginia Penin-
sula Campaign of that year, was brevetted for services at Antietam, ap-
pointed Brigadier November, 1862 ; he commanded a Brigade of the Sixth

Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and minor actions of
that Corps. In the Richmond Campaign of 1864 he was given command of
a Division in the 6th Corps, and had a share in all the fighting from the
Wilderness to Petersburg, winning brevets for meritorious service from
Colonel to Major-General. He was killed at the Battle of Opequan, Sep-
tember 19, 1864.

ScHiMMELFEifjsriNG, ALEXANDER, born in Germany in 1824, was an
officer under Kossuth in the Hungarian Insurrection, after which he came
to this country, published in 1854 " The War Between Russia and Turkey, ''
became in 1861 Colonel of a Pennsylvania regiment, served under Sigel and
Pope in Virginia, was appointed Brigadier-General November 29, 1862, and
commanded a Brigade of the 11th Corps at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.
He died at Minersville, Pa., September 7, 1865.

ScHUEZ, Carl, Major-General, born near Cologne, Prussia, March 2,
1829, educated at Bonn, was engaged on a liberal newspaper after the revo-
lutionary outbreak in 1848, and in an attempt at revolution in Bonn in
1849 ; fought in the defence of Rastadt ; went to Paris in 1851, taught and
corresponded with liberal German newspapers ; came to Philadelphia in
1852 ; settled at Madison, Wis., in 1855 ; was prominent in the Rejiublicau
party and ran for Lieutenant-Governor in 1857 ; made his first speech in
English in Illinois during the Senato^-ial contest between Lincoln and
Douglas in 1858 ; lectured in New England in the winter of 1859-60, spoke
in the election contest of 1860 for Lincoln ; Avas appointed Minisiter to Spain
March, 1861, and resigned in December. He w^as made Brigadier in April,
1862, and Major-General in March, 1863, commanded a Division in the
second Battle of Bull Run and at Chancellorsville. He was temporai-ily in
command of the Eleventh Corps at Gettysburg, took part in the Battle of
Chattanooga ; visited the Southern States as Special Commissioner by ap-
pointment of President Johnson in 1866, and the same year founded the
Post newspaj)er at Detroit. He was subsequently Editor of the WeslUclie
Post in St. Louis ; was United States Senator from Missouri, 1869-75, won
a high reputation for speeches on finance ; antagonized General Grant's
Administration ; supported Horace Greeley for President in 1872 : became
a resident of New York in 1875 ; advocated the election of Hayes as Presi-
dent, and was by him made Secretary of the Interior, March 7, 1877. He
Jias since 1881 resided in New York, being part of the time employed in
literary and journalistic work.

Sedgwick, Johx, Major-General, born at Cornwall, Ct., September
13, 1813, graduated at West Point in 1837, assigned to Artiller}', won
brevets of Captain and Major for gallantry in the Mexican War, made Major
of 2d Cavalry in 1855, and Colonel of the 4th Cavalry in August, 1861. In

the Virginia Peninsula Campaign of 1863 he commanded a Division in
Sumner's Corps ; in the Battle of Fair Oaks, May 31, after a tedious march,
he arrived in time to save the day for the Unionists ; was wounded at Glen-
dale ; appointed Major-General he commanded a Division at Antietam, where
he was severely wounded three times. Transferred to the command of the
6th Corps, February, 1863, he was ordered by Hooker to carry the
Heights of Fredericksburg and join the main Army at Chancellorsville. He
carried the works successfully, May 3, after a stubborn fight in which he lost
nearly 5,000 men, but his column was checked at Salem Heights about four
p. M. by the force which Lee sent against him after his repulse of Hooker.
In the Pennsylvania Campaign of 1863 the 6th Cor})s encamped June 30 at
Manchester, thirty-five miles from Gettysburg. This distance Sedgwick
covered in thirty hours, reaching the field at two P. M., July 2, and at once
joined in the fight, as he also did on the 3d and the pursuit of Lee, July 5.
He was conspicuous in subsequent engagements, especially at the Wilder-
ness and at Spottsylvania where, while placing his artillery in an advanced
position early in the day, he was killed by a sharpshooter's bullet. He was
greatly beloved by the whole Army. A • monument wrought of cannon
captured by the 6th Corps was erected to his memory at West Point in 1868.

Shaler, Alex., Major- General, born in Haddam, Ct., March 9, 1827,
joined the New York State Militia as a private in 1845, rose rapidly, and in
1867 was Major-General of the 1st Division National Guard. At the outbreak
of the Eebellion he was Major in the New York 7th Regiment ; in June,
1861, he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 65th New York Volun-
teers, became its Colonel July, 1862, serving with the Army of the Potomac
in its many engagements. He commanded a Brigade, Sixth Corps, from
March to November, 1863, and the Military Prison, Johnson's Island, Ohio,
during the winter of 1863-64. Eeturning to the front he was taken prisoner
May 6, 1864, and held three months in Charleston. After his exchange he
Served in the Southwest till the end of the war, and was brevetted Major-
General for gallantry. He was subsequently President of the New York
Fire Department and of the Board of Health.

Sickles, Daniel E., Major-General, born in New Yorls, October 20,
1822, was educated at the University of New York, studied law, and was
admitted to the bar in 1843. He was prominent in Democratic politics,
and elected to the State Legislature in 1847. In 1853 he was appointed
Corporation Attorney of New York City, and in the same year went with
Minister Buchanan to England as Secretary of Legation. He was elected
State Senator in 1855, and in 1856 a Member of Congress, and re-elected in
1858 and 1860. At the commencement of the civil war General D.
E. Sickles did not relish the idea of taking a second place, so he raised

the Excelsior Brigade, and started with it as its commander, during
September. 1861, was appointed Brigadier-General. His Brigade w^as
attached to General Hooker's Division of the 3d Corps, to the command
of which he succeeded as Major-General of Volunteers in April, 1863, and
was engaged with credit at Chancellorsville May 3-4. At Gettysburg he
lost a leg early in the second day's fight. In 1866-67 he commanded the
Military District of North and South Carolina, and was retired in April,
1869, with the rank of Major-General in the Regular Army. In the latter
year he was appointed United States Minister to Spain, which position he
resigned in 1874, He received the brevets of Brigadier and Major-General
United States Army for gallantry.

Slocum. Henry Warker, Major-General, born at Pompey, N. Y., Sep-
tember 24, 1827, graduated at West Point in 1852 ; served in the Artillery*
till November, 1856, when he resigned and was a lawyer at Syracuse and a
member of the Legislature in 1859. He was appointed Colonel 27th New
York Volunteers and led it at Bull Run July 21, 1861, being severely
wounded. He was promoted a Brigadier in Franklin's Division, Army of
the Potomac, and in 1862 was at the siege of Yorktown and the action of
West Point, and took command of the Division May 15. His command ren-
dered important service at Gaines' Mill ; it held the right of the main line
at Glendale, June 30, and the same position at Malvern Hill July 1. A^;-
pointed Major-General, he took part in the second battle of Bull Run, of
South Mountain and of Antietam. In October, 1862, he took command of
the Twelfth Corps, which he led at Chancellorsville and at Gettysburg,
where he had command of the right of the Army. He was sent with his
Corps to the West and commanded at Vicksburg. In August, 1864, he
succeeded General Hooker in command of the Twentieth Corps, which was
the first to occupy Atlanta, Ga., September 2. During Sherman's "March
to the Sea " and invasion of the Carolinas he commanded the left wing, par-
ticipating in all the operations till the surrender of Johnston's army. He
was subsequently a resident of Brooklyn, N. Y. , engaged in various enter-
prises, and was a member of the Forty-first and Forty-second Congresses.

Staxnaro, George J., Brigadier-General, born in Georgia, Vt., Octo-
ber 20, 1820, educated in common schools, became clerk and afterwards
manager of a foundry at St. Albans ; in 1860 he was Colonel of Vermont
Militia ; assisted to raise the 2d Vermont Volunteers, was made Lieutenant-
Colonel, and went to the front in May, 1861 ; in May, 1862, Avas appointed
Colonel 9th Vermont Volunteers, serving in Pope's Command, promoted
Brigadier March 18, 1863. His Brigade was conspicuous at Gettysburg in
the repulse of the final charge ;: wounded severely in the cannonade with
which Longstreet strove to cover Lee's retreat. Engaged again at Cold Har-

bor he was again wounded. In tlie movement of the Eighteenth Corps on
Petersburg, June 14. he led the advance with his Brigade, and was the
third time wounded. On September 19, in the storming of Fort Harrison,
which he captured and held, he lost his right arm. He retired from the
Army in 1876, and was appointed Collector of Customs Third District of
Vermont. In 1881 he became Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives,
and held the position till his death at Washington, D. C, May 31, 1886.

VoN" Steid^wehr Adolph, William Frederick, Baron, Brigadier-
General, born at Blankenburg, Germany, September 25, 1823, educated in
the Brunswick Military Academy, became a Lieutenant in 1841, resigned in
1847 and came to the United States, applied for a commission in the war
against Mexico and went back to Germany. In 1854 he settled at Walling-
ford, Ct., as a farmer. He raised the 29th New York Volunteers in 1861,
commanded it in the Battle of Bull Run, was made Brigadier in October,
1861, was Commander of the Second Division Eleventh Corps in the cam-
paign on the Rapidan and Rappahannock, and took part in the battles of
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He died at Buffalo, N. Y., February 25,

Sykes, George, Major-General, born at Dover, Del., October 9, 1822,
graduated at West Point in 1842, served in the Infantry with credit in the
Mexican War, was brevetted Captain for gallantry at Cerro Gordo, was on
frontier duty till 1861, when he was appointed Major in the 14th Infantry,
and at the Battle of Bull Run commanded a Brigade of Regulars. He com-
manded the division of regulars in Porter's Corps which so stubbornly held
its position on the right in the Battle of Gaines' Mill. He continued to
command this division in the second Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, Fred
ericksburg and Chancellorsville. When General Meade became Chief of the
Army of the Potomac General Sykes succeeded him in the command of the
Fifth Corps, which a week later was engaged at Gettysburg, and he retained
this command till April, 1864. He was brevetted Colonel, Brigadier and
Major-General for gallant service. He became Colonel of the 20th Infantry
in January, 1868, and died February 8, 1880.

ToRBERT Alfred T. A., Major-General, born in Delaware in 1833, was
graduated at West Point in 1855, served on the frontier, and became Cap-
tain 5th Infantry September 21, 1861. He commanded the 1st New Jersey
Regiment in the Virginia Peninsula Campaign of 1862, being engaged in
most of the battles. Was assigned a Brigade of the Sixth Corps, being
present at the second battle of Bull Run, South Mountain (where he was
wounded) and Antietam. He led his Brigade in the Gettysburg battles and
in the subsequent operations of the Sixth Corps during the winter of 1863-64.
In the Richmond Campaign of 1864 he commanded the Cavalry, remaining

w^ith General Grant during Sheridan^s raid on tlie Confederate Capital, an
of the 1st Division till August ; engaged in frequent important actions, in-
cluding the battles of Hawes' Shop and Cold Harbor. Made Chief of Cav-
alry of the Middle Military Division, he was in all the movements and ac-
tions of the Shenandoah Campaign, and frequently in command. He was in
command of the Army of the Shenandoah from April to July, 1865. He
won brevets for gallantry from Major to Major-General. Resigning his

Online LibraryJohn TregaskisSouvenir of the re-union of the blue and the gray, on the battlefield of Gettysburg, July 1, 2, 3 and 4, 1888. How to get there, and what is to be done during the year → online text (page 9 of 29)