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Adams county, Pennsylvania, in 1813, his
death occurring in Harrisburg, August 2,
1887. He received his education in the
private schools conducted by Judge McLean
at Gettysburg, and Amos Gilbert at Stras-
burg, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. Until
the age of twenty-three he assisted his
father in the cultivation and management
of the homestead farm, and was then ap-
pointed on the recommendation of Hon.
Thaddeus Stevens to a position as rodanan
on the surveys for the North Branch Canal.

A chronological record of Air. Wierman's
engineering services is stated thus : Surveys
for location of State Canal from Wilkes-
Barre to New York State line, 1836-1838;
surveys to avoid incline plane on line of
State Railroad near Philadelphia, 1838;
operating State Canal from Juniata Junc-
tion to Wilkes-Barre, 1839-1842; return to
employment on the farm in Adams county,
1843-1845; construction of Eastern Reser-
voir for State Canal near Hollidaysburg,
1846; construction of Pennsylvania Rail-
road from Duncannon to Iroquois, Perry
county, and track laying through Mifflin
county, 1847-1849; construction of State
Canal from Wilkes-Barre to New York
State Line, 1 850-1 851 ; construction of
Junction Canal, Waverly to Elmira, New
York, 1852-1854; surveys for Brooklyn
Water Works, Long Island, New York,
1854; construction of Barclay Railroad,
Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 1855-1857;
superintendent, Huntingdon & Broad Top
Railroad, 1857; chief engineer, Canal De-
partment, Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
1858-1866; chief engineer, Pennsylvania
Canal Company, 1867-1887.

In the year 1840, Mr. Wierman married
Emilie Victorine Piollet, of Bradford
county, Pennsylvania ; there were si.x chil-
dren of this union. He was a member of
the religious Society of Friends.



787



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



WIERMAN, Thomas T. Jr.,

Civil Engineer.

Thomas T. Wierman Jr., son of Thomas
T. Wierman Sr., was born in Bradford
county, Pennsylvania, November ii, 1850.
He was nine years of age when he removed
to Harrisburg with his parents, and was
there educated in private schools and at the
Harrisburg Academy. He was still very
young when he became associated with his
father in the work connected with the Penn-
sylvania Canal Company, and to an extent
inherited his father's talents and ability in
this direction. Upon the death of his father
he succeeded him as chief engineer of the
Pennsylvania Canrd Company, and held this
position until the active operations of the
company ceased in 1901. In 1903 Mr.
Wierman was appointed special agent of
the Real Estate Department, Pennsylvania
Railroad Company, with offices in Harris-
burg, and he still retains this position.

He is a director of the Harrisburg Na-
tional Bank, and a member of the Pine
Street Presbyterian Church, also serving on
the board of trustees of that church.



WBTHERILL, John Price,

Metallurgist, Scientist.

WETHERILL, Samuel Price,

Prominent Manufacturer.

The history of the Wetherill family of
Philadelphia is one of deep interest, both
from the commercial prominence of the
family, and the peculiar historical associa-
tions connected with the name. Originally
members of the Society of Friends, Samuel
Wetherill, of the fourth generation, dis-
played such activity and patriotic ardor for
the cause of independence that the Phila-
delphia Monthly Meeting of Friends saw
in his conduct sufficient deviation from their
"Ancient Testimony and Peaceable Princi-
ples" that he was disowned by them in Au-
gust, 1779. This did not seem to dampen
his ardor, for he continued his patriotic



work, and was the prime mover in the
events that resulted in the organization of
"The Religious Society of Friends," better
known as "Free Quakers." Samuel
Wetherill was the first clerk and preacher,
three successive generations of the family
having also held the office of clerk. The
old patriot, who would not hide his prefer-
ences under the sombre garb, was not only
strong in his patriotism and religious fervor,
but was a leader in the commercial world ;
and was one of the promoters and man-
agers of the "United Company of Philadel-
phia for the Establishment of American
Industries," a society called into existence
by the imposition of the "Stamp Act." He
established a plant on his home lot on South
alley, between Fifth and Sixth streets,
where he wove, fulled, and dyed cloths.
When dyes could not be obtained without
great cost, he established a chemical labora-
tory for their manufacture, this being the
foundation of the immense chemical and
drug business that yet exists in the family
name. He supplied well-woven cloth to the
Continental Congress, from which soldiers"
uniforms were made, and after peace was
declared, engaged in the drug business on
Front above Arch street, under the name
of Samuel Wetherill & Son, his son Samuel
being his partner. "Wetherill's Drug Store"
was long an ancient landmark, and there sons
and grandsons were graduated and sent forth
as manufacturing chemists. Samuel Weth-
erill & Son were the founders of white lead
manufacturing in the United States, estab-
lishing a plant in Philadelphia in 1804, then
abandoned textile manufacturing, and ever
afterward were manufacturers of drugs,
chemicals and paints. This business is now
conducted by descendants of Samuel as
Wetherill & Brother, probably no business
in the city having existed so long (1762-
1914) under one family ownership and
name. So Samuel Wetherill, the Quaker
patriot, who suffered for his zeal, deserves
well of those who venerated patriotism, for
the hardest battles are not fought on the



788



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



firing line, but down in one's soul, and when
the old patriot faced ostracism and disgrace
from the hands of his brethren, he displayed
a courage that deserves to be commemorated
in enduring marble.

The Wetherills trace an English ancestry
to the eleventh century. Burke's "Landed
Gentry" refers to the Wetherell family as
long seated in the county of Durham and
the North Riding of Yorkshire, and de-
scribes the arms borne by the family as
"Argent, two lions passant, guardant, sable,
on a chief indented of the last, three covered
cups, or." This same coat-of-arms was
brought to New Jersey by Christopher
Wetherill, who came in 16S3, settling in
New Jersey, at Burlington, there owned a
large landed estate, was a member of the
Proprietary Council of the Province, 1706-
1707, filling other official positions, includ-
ing that of sheritT of Burlington county in
1700. The line of descent is through
Thomas, eldest son of Christopher and his
wife, Mary Hornby, who died in England
in 1680, the mother of four children. Chris-
topher had no issue by his two American
wives.

Thomas Wetherill, born in York county,
England, November 3, 1674, died in New
Jersey in 1749. He inherited the greater
part of his father's lands in New Jersey,
and was a wealthy landowner of the prov-
ince, to which he came in 1683. He mar-
ried, June 22, 1703, Anne Pearson, "late of
England, but now of Burlington County,"
daughter of John and Elizabeth Pearson,
of Great Broughton, Cumberland county,
England. Both Thomas and his father,
Christopher, were prominent Friends.

Christopher, eldest son of Thomas and
Anne (Pearson) Wetherill, was born in
April, 1706. He inherited a large part of
the lands descending from his father and
grandfather in Burlington, Hunterdon,
Morris and Essex counties. New Jersey, de-
vising them at his death to his children,
most of whom had moved to Philadel])hia.
He married, in 1735, Mary, daughter of



Judge John Stockton, of the Common Pleas
Court of Somerset county. New Jersey, and
a sister of Richard Stockton, a signer of
the Declaration of Independence, from New
Jersey. She was a granddaughter of Rich-
ard Stockton, from Cheshire, England, one
of the early settlers of Princeton, New
Jersey, and a great-granddaughter of Rich-
ard Stockton, of Malapas, Cheshire, Eng-
land, baptized in 1606.

Samuel, eldest son of Christopher and
Mary (Stockton) Wetherill, was born in
Burlington, New Jersey, April 12, 1736,
died in Philadelphia, September 24, 1816.
As noted previously, he became a Philadel-
phian of great public spirit, taking the live-
liest interest in public affairs. His connec-
tion with textile manufacturing and the
establishment of drug store and chemical
plant has been narrated, also his early con-
nection with the "Free Quakers" after his
disownment by the Society of Friends for
his patriotic ardor. The meetings of the
"Free Quakers" were held at his house fre-
quently until the erection of a meetinghouse
at the southwest corner of Fifth and Arch
streets, still standing. The subscription
fund for this church was contributed to by
Franklin, Washington, and many others. A
lot was also granted them by the State of
Pennsylvania on the east side of Fifth
street, below Pine. Samuel Wetherill con-
tinued to preach after he became so feeble
at eighty years of age that he was carried
from his carriage to the church in a chair.
He was a member of the Philadelphia Com-
mon Council, chairman of the Yellow Fever
Committee of that body in 1793, and was
one of the most active members of the
Water Committee. He married, April 5,
1762, at Philadelphia Monthly Meeting,
Sarah Yarnall, born August 27, 1734, died
July 27, 1816, daughter of Mordecai Yar-
nall, an eminent minister of the Society of
Friends, and granddaughter of Francis Yar-
nall, a member of the Colonial Assembly in
1711.

Samuel, eldest son of Samuel and Sarah



789



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



(Yarnall) Wetherill, was born in Philadel-
phia, April 27, 1764, died there September
29, 1829. He was his father's business asso-
ciate from youth, became a partner with
him as Wetherill & Son in the drug and
chemical business on Front street, and later
in the white lead and paint establishment on
Twelfth street, in which later his own sons
and grandsons became partners. He was a
member of the Philadelphia Common Coun-
cil, as was his father, and later his son also
became a member. He succeeded his father
as clerk of the Society of Free Quakers,
serving until his death. He married, April
24, 1788, Rachel Price, born January 28,
1766, died February 9, 1844, daughter of
John Price, of Reading, Pennsylvania, and
his wife, Rebecca, daughter of General
Jacob Morgan, of Alorgantown, Pennsyl-
vania.

John Price, son of Samuel and Rachel
(Price) Wetherill, was born in Philadel-
phia, October 17, 1794, died July 23, 1853.
He obtained an excellent education in his
youth, and, an enthusiastic and tireless stu-
dent, in 1817 became a member of the Acad-
emy of Natural Science of Philadelphia,
and was vice-president for many years, also
belonging to the American Philosophical
Society, the Franklin Institute, the Geo-
graphical Society, an honorary member of
the Boston Society of Natural History, the
Mineralogical Society of St. Petersburg,
the American Society for the Advancement
of Science, and the New Jersey Society of
Natural History. He became identified, in
young manhood, with the chemical and paint
manufacturing business of his father and
grandfather, and was connected therewith
for many years, during which time the firm
ably maintained its supremacy in its field.
John Price Wetherill, already a man of
many interests, entered the sphere that was
most productive of good, and in which he
gained the greatest fame upon his election
to the Common Council of the city of Phil-
adelphia, October 13, 1829, the third gener-
ation of his family to hold membership in



that body. Three years after being elected
to the lower house of the City Council, he
became a Select Councilman, a position he
held, until his death, a period of nearly
twenty- four years, during which time he
was chairman of the water committee, and
took an active part in the discussion and
debate on all important bills and measures
reaching that body of council. He succeeded
his father as clerk of the Society of Free
Quakers, an organization then greatly re-
duced in numbers by the deaths of the early
members and the reversion of others to the
sect from which they sprang, the Society
of Friends, and for a time Mr. Wetherill
was almost the only regular attendant, prior
to the discontinuation of regular meetings
for worship. The meetings of the society
having thus lost their usefulness, Mr.
Wetherill completed arrangements for the
organization of a charitable society, to which
the control of the property was transferred.
The Apprentices' Library became housed
therein in 1841, soon after its organization,
the nominal rental being directed toward
the purchase of books adapted to the re-
quirements of the patrons of the library.
John Price Wetherill was succeeded in the
clerkship of the Society by his son, John
Price Jr.. who with other members of the
family retained the organization, and since
1882 meetings have been held on the first
Wednesday of November of each year, the
present clerk of the Society being William
H. Wetherill, the fifth of his family thus to
serve.

At his death John Price Wetherill was
senior member of the family drug firm,
associated in various advisory and executive
capacities with many of the city's institu-
tions, and president of the Schuylkill Bank,
an office he had held since 1846. For sev-
eral years he was captain of the Second
Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry. He con-
tracted his fatal illness while a member of
the committee appointed by Select Council
to receive President Franklin Pierce, when
that dignitary visited Philadelphia. He mar-



790



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



ried, August 14, 1817, Alaria Kane, born
May 24, 1797, died August 30, 1877, daugh-
ter of John Prescott Lawrence, M. D., of
Fort Edward, New York, by his wife, Abi-
gail Kane, and a descendant through twenty-
two generations from Sir Robert Lawrence,
of Ashton Hall, Lancaster county, England,
a Crusader, knighted by Richard Coeur de
Lion at the siege of Acre, A. D. 1191. Chil-
dren of John Price and Maria Kane (Law-
rence) Wetherill: i. Rachel. 2. Elizabeth
K. 3. Samuel, of whom further. 4. John
Price, a graduate of the University of
Pennsylvania, a manufacturer of Philadel-
phia ; member of Select Council ; one of the
Guardians of the Poor; member of the
Board of Education; inspector of Moya-
mensing Prison ; member Constitutional
Convention, 1873 ; member of Board of
Finance of the Centennial Exposition ; pres-
ident of Board of Trade of Philadelphia;
director of Pennsylvania Railroad Com-
pany; president of American Steamship
Company, of the Western Savings Fund
Society, and member of the American
Philosophical Society. 5. Elisha Kane. 6.
Rebecca.

Samuel, eldest son of John Price and
Maria K. (Lawrence) Wetherill, was born
in Philadelphia, May 27, 1S21, died at Ox-
ford, Talbot county, Maryland, June 24,
1890. He was educated in the city of his
birth, and received his early business train-
ing in the white lead and chemical works of
Wetherill & Brother, his father and uncle
then composing the firm, and, familiarizing
himself with the entire business, was
actively connected therewith until his twen-
ty-ninth year. As a skillful chemist he
entered the employ of the New Jersey Zinc
Company, whose plant was at Newark, New
Jersey, and while there conceived an idea
with the practicality of which he experi-
mented constantly, in 1852 perfecting a pro-
cess by which white oxide of zinc was de-
rived direct from the ore. The organiza-
tion of the Lehigh Zinc Company for the
marketing of his invention was completed



the following year, and the Lehigh Zinc
Works were erected at South Bethlehem,
Pennsylvania, known for many years after
that time as Wetherill, in honor of Samuel
Wetherill. Flis newly patented process was
registered as the Wetherill Furnace, and
Mr. Wetherill was the first American manu-
facturer to produce metallic zinc of any
commercial value, the ingot from which was
rolled the first sheet of metallic zinc being
produced in 1857, marking a new epoch in
the history of American industries, a his-
tory that has since become so wealthy in
innovations.

His new business thus fairly launched
upon what proved to be a successful career,
Mr. Wetherill was not long permitted to
foster its growth and development before
the outbreak of the war between the states
called him to duty at the front. Soon after
the beginning of hostilities he recruited two
companies of cavalry in Bethlehem, was
commissioned captain of one in August,
1861, and was assigned to Harlan's Light
Cavalry, afterwards the Eleventh Pennsyl-
vania Cavalry, serving in the Army of the
Potomac and later in the Army of the
James. On October i, 1861, he was pro-
moted to the rank of major, was at times in
command of the regiment, his battalion fre-
quently being detailed for detached duty,
and in the end of his service was chief of
staff to General Kautz, cavalry commander
of the Army of the James. Under all con-
ditions of warfare, from weary periods of
encampment to the hardest fighting. Major
Wetherill was ever the true soldier, never
presuming upon his rank to secure exemp-
tion from the hardships and discomforts
endured by his men, always considerate of
their comfort, in battle careful of their lives.
Strict obedience and discipline was accorded
him more because of the respect he engen-
dered as a brave and fearless gentleman
than because of the authority signified by
his sword, and his conduct on the field of
battle was recognized by his being brevetted
lieutenant-colonel. United States Volun-



791



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.\PHY



teers, March 13, 1865, "for gallant and
meritorious services throughout the cam-
paign' of 1864, against Richmond, Virginia.''
He received his honorable discharge from
the military service of the United States on
September 30, 1864, returning to his manu-
facturing interests, from which he retired
in later life.

Colonel Samuel Wetherill married (first)
January i, 1844, Sarah Maria Chattin, born
July 3, 1821, died July 3, 1869; (second)
October 14, 1870, Thyrza A., daughter of
John and Martha T. (Wilson) James. By
his first marriage he was the father of seven
children ; by his second, three.

John Price, eldest son of Colonel Samuel
and Sarah Maria (Chattin) Wetherill, was
born in Belleville, New York, November
13, 1844, and after studying in private
schools preparatory to college entrance
matriculated at the Polytechnic College of
Philadelphia. In this institution he took
civil and mining engineering courses and
was graduated therefrom with degrees in
both, until 1881, being connected with the
mining and engineering department of the
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company
and the Philadelpliia & Reading Iron and
Coal Company, located at and working from
Pottsville, Pennsylvania. In this year he,
his brother, Samuel Price Wetherill, and
Richard and August Heckscher, jointly pur-
chased the Lehigh Zinc Works, at South
Bethlehem, the concern founded by his
father, and was manager of the works until
the original company was absorbed by the
New Jersey Zinc Company, becoming direc-
tor and consulting engineer of the latter
company, offices that he relinquished upon
his retirement from business. Among the
new processes put into operation at the Le-
high Zinc Works, including the Wetherill
furnace, was the Wetherill magnetic con-
centrating process for the treatment of re-
fractory ores, a process invented and
patented by John Price Wetherill, who in-
herited a large portion of the mechanical
genius that characterized his distinguished



father. \'aluable not only because of its
extreme practicality, but marking an epoch
in metallurgical science, Mr. Wetherill's in-
vention attracted wide notice and lauda-
tory comment in- scientific circles, and is
minutely described in a paper by Professor
H. B. C. Nitze, presented at the Pittsburgh
meeting of the American Institute of Alin-
ing Engineers, in Febrviary, 1896. Besides
being published in the "Transactions" of
the Society, it appeared in the "Journal of
the Franklin Institute'' for April, 1897, ap-
preciations of rare distinction.

Social, athletic, and patriotic societies
claimed him as a member, and he belonged
to the L^nion League, Rittenhouse, Phila-
delphia Country, Merion Cricket, Radnor
Hunt, Corinthian Yacht, New York Yacht,
Bicayne Bay Yacht, and Manufacturers'
Clubs ; was the organizer of the Poho-
qualine Fishing Association, of Monroe
county, Pennsylvania, of which he was for
ten years president ; a member of the Soci-
ety of the Cincinnati, and of the Pennsyl-
vania Society, Sons of the Revolution. Mr.
Wetherill was a member of the Philadel-
I)hia Art Club, and it was his love of out-
door life that furnished him with the sub-
jects upon which he performed some of the
best of his work, his rural scenes and land-
scapes showing an exceptional talent and a
faithtul, sympathetic reproduction of locals
ties in which he passed many pleasant hours.

John Price Wetherill's life of activity and
accomplishment ended at his residence. No.
2014 Walnut street, Philadelphia, Novem-
ber 9, 1906, after an illness lasting a year.
Many circles, during the sixty-two years
of his life, had enjoyed his companionship,
nearly all had benefitted therefrom, and
when the object of the association or insti-
tution was the pursuit of pleasure he had
lent life and spirit to the party. All re-
memberances of him by his countless friends
are of a true gentleman, contact with whom
brought realization of his strong virility and
upright straightforwardness.

He married, January 20, 1869, Alice D.,



792




aiacr,ci!lAi;:s/,s:



jV^^^y^^-^^ 0^.^^2^/



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



born at Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, Janu-
ary I, 1847, daughter of Ira Cortright, a
prominent coal operator of that section, by
his wife, Margaret Sherry, and a descend-
ant of Sebastian Van Kortright, of an an-
cient family of Flanders, who came to New
Amsterdam in the ship "Brindle Cow,"
April 16, 1665, with his two sons, Michael
and Jan, settling at Harlem. Children of
John Price and Alice D. (Cortright)
Wetherill: i. Margaret, born February 8,
1870, died October 21, 1870. 2. Samuel,
born Alay 10, 1871, died April 24, 1872.
3. Ira Cortright, born October 17, 1873,
married Elizabeth Josephine Campbell, and
has issue. 4. Anna, born February 13,
1876; married (first) William H. Addicks ;
(second) George C. Stout, M. D., having
issue by her second marriage. 5. Alice,
born March 20, 1878, died August 20, 1878.
6. Florence, born August 11, 1881, married
Graham Wood, and had issue. 7. John
Price (4th), born April 18, 18S3; president
of the W^etherill Pneumatic Casting Com-
pany ; married Catharine Hall. 8. William
Chattin, born August 16, 1886. 9. Carl Au-
gustus Heckscher, born October 15, 18S9.

Samuel Price, second son of Colonel Sam-
uel and Sarah Maria (Chattin) Wetherill,
was born at Saugerties, New York, May 17,
1846. As a youth he attended Nazareth
Hall Military Academy, Pennsylvania, and
the Model School at Trenton, New Jersey,
starting business life in the employ of
Wetherill & Brother, white lead manufac-
turers and wholesale druggists, in Philadel-
phia, in 1868 severing his connection with
the ancestral house and establishing in busi-
ness as a commission merchant, dealing in
paints and drugs. This business he later
organized as the S. P. Wetherill Company,
paint manufacturers, locating the company's
factory at Twenty-second street and Alle-
gheny avenue, its present site, the office
being at No. 925 Chestnut street. Mr.
Wetherill has been president of the com-
pany that bears his name since its forma-
tion, and through the pursuance of a vigor-



ous and modern business policy is now the
head' of a concern that in stability and excel-
lence of reputation is second to none in its
field. In 1880 John Price Wetherill, Rich-
ard and August Heckscher, and Mr. Weth-
erill purchased the Lehigh Zinc Works at
South Bethlehem, founded by his father,
and upon its consolidation with the New
Jersey Zinc Company became a director of
the latter concern, a position he holds to the
present time. Mr. Wetherill's clubs are the
Rittenhouse, Racquet, and Philadelphia
Gun, and he holds membership in the Union
League. His position in the life of the city
in which he is interested is a worthy one,
and in him the family characteristics of
honor, integrity, and purity of principle are
well preserved.

He married, February 6, 1872, Christine,



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