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ipated in the battle of Antietam. In 1863
he was again in the field as captain of a
company of Pennsylvania Volunteers. In
1866 he was elected a member of the State
Legislature from Berks county, was twice
reelected, and during his second term in
1868, was the candidate of his party for
the speakership of the house. His speeches
on the amendments to the National Consti-
tution then being debated, attracted wide
attention and ranked with the ablest argu-
ments delivered in the House during the
debate. Political life, however, had little
attraction for him and on the expiration of
his third term, he returned to his much
more congenial profession, the law, and
never again accepted public office, save as
a member of the Valley Forge Commission,
to which he was appointed by Governor
Pennypacker, and reappointed by Governors
Stuart and Tener.

Mr. Jones is a member of various law
associations and societies, is a member of
the patriotic societies Sons of the Revolu-
tion, Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial
Wars, Society of the War of 1812, and the
Grand Army of the Republic ; he belongs to
the Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, and
is a vestryman of Christ Protestant Epis-
copal Church of Reading. In his political
faith he is a Democrat, though latterly he
has acted independently upon national ques-
tions.

Mr. Jones married, November 26, 1870,
Margaret Ellen, daughter of James Mc-
Carty, a prominent ironmaster of Reading.
Her mother was Rebecca MacVeagh, sister
of Wayne and Franklin MacVeagh. His
only child, a daughter, Anna Rodman, now
deceased, married Nathaniel Ferguson of
Reading. Their three children, Margaret
Legh, Grace Rodman and Richmond Jones
Ferguson, survive. Margaret is at Bristol
School, Washington, D. C, Grace at The
Misses Shipley's School, Bryn Mawr, Penn-



893



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



sylvania, and Richmond is a cadet at the
MiHtary Academy, Wenonah, New Jersey.
May, 1914.

Mr. Jones maintains offices in "Lawyers'
Row," Reading, and has a beautiful coun-
try residence, "Merioneth," located on an
adjacent hill overlooking the city.



CADWALADER, Richard McCall,

Lawyer, Iiitteratenr.

An honored member of the Philadelphia
Bar since 1864, an author of legal and his-
torical works, a high official of patriotic
societies, church and social organizations,
Richard McCall Cadwalader stands as one
of the prominent men of his day. He comes
from a family distinguished in Pennsyl-
vania under both colonial and state govern-
ment, and is one of the many men distin-
guished in professional and military life
who have borne the name Cadwalader. He
is of the fifth American generation of the
Pennsylvania family founded by John Cad-
walader, of Wales, in 1697.

John Cadwalader was born in county
Merioneth, Wales, about 1677, and at age
twenty years came to this country bearing
testimony from the Friends of Pembroke-
shire that they had known him since his
thirteenth year and that he "hath the repu-
tation of an apt scholar and hath attained
to as good a degree of learning as any at
school." Furthermore they gave testimony
that "his demeanor has been sober and inno-
cent." The young man settled on the
"Welsh Tract" near Philadelphia, and on
December 26, 1699, married Martha Jones,
daughter of Dr. Edward Jones, who came
from Wales with the first immigrants from
that country in 1682. Dr. Jones married
Mary Wynne, daughter of Thomas Wynne,
a physician who came with William Penn
on the "Welcome." After his marriage
John Cadwalader located in Philadelphia,
where he taught school, later became a mer-
chant, was elected a member of the common
council in 1718, and in 1729 a member of



the General Assembly. He died July 23,
1734, leaving a son, Thomas, to perpetuate
the family name, the only son to survive
childhood.

Thomas Cadwalader became a noted phy-
sician, obtaining his professional education
largely in England. He practiced first in
Philadelphia, then located at Trenton, New
Jersey, where in 1746 he became the first
burgess under the charter granted by Gov-
ernor Belcher of New Jersey. In 1750 he
returned to Philadelphia and there rose to
eminence in his profession, served in many
positions of honor and trust, was an ardent
patriot and lived an honorable, useful Hfe
that terminated November 14, 1779, at the
age of seventy-two years, at his farm
"Greenwood," about one mile from Tren-
ton, New Jersey. He is known in history
as Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, the "Coun-
cilor," having served with Chew and Mif-
flin as a member of the Provincial Council
from November 2, 1755, until the Revolu-
tion. He also served as a member of Phil-
adelphia common council, 1751 until 1774.
He married, June 18, 1738, Hannah, daugh-
ter of Thomas Lambert, of New Jersey ; she
died in Philadelphia in 1786, aged seventy-
four years, and was buried in Friends' bury-
ing ground at Fifth and Arch streets ; Dr.
Thomas Cadwalader was buried in Friends'
burying ground in Trenton, New Jersey, in
which city he had founded a public library.
His daughters married distinguished men
of their day, except the youngest, Elizabeth,
one of the flower girls at Washington's re-
ception in Trenton in 1789, who died un-
married ten years after that event, aged
twenty-nine years. His sons. General John
and Colonel Lambert, were distinguished
men of their day.

Colonel Lambert Cadwalader, second and
younger of the two sons of Dr. Thomas
Cadwalader, "the Councilor," and his wife,
Hannah Lambert, was born in Philadel-
phia, Pennsylvania, in 1743, died in Green-
wood, New Jersey, September 13, 1823,
and is buried in Friends' ground in Tren-



894



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



ton. He was a merchant of Philadelphia,
associated with his brother, General John
Cadwalader, and as early as May i8, 1766,
his letters show his feelings concerning the
dispute with the Mother Country. On that
date he wrote to George Morgan :

I have now the pleasure to communicate to
you the joyful news of the repeal of the Stamp
Act ; news that almost calls back youth to the
aged, gives health and vigor to the sick and in-
firm. The act to repeal the Stamp Act received
the Royal assent on the i8th of March and a
copy was brought here in a vessel from Poole.
If ever the Americans should fall into Paganism,
place dead men among their gods and worship
them, there is scarcely any one who will have a
better chance of being enrolled in the number of
them than Mr. Pitt. This great man by his abil-
ities, virtues and e.xtraordinary courage has gained
a never dying name. America is again free!
God bless her ! long may she remain so ! As to
the Act of Parliament to tax the colonies, we
shall regard it as waste paper. Let us only enjoy
liberty but half a century longer and we will defy
the power of England to enslave us.

Lambert Cadwalader was chosen, with
his brother John, as member of the Com-
mittee of Superintendence and Correspond-
ence for Philadelphia, and Lambert was
sent to the Provincial Convention which
met in January, 1775. When the call to
arms came, he promptly responded and was
chosen captain of one the companies of the
"Greens." When the Congress of Deputies
called upon Pennsylvania for four bat-
talions, the committee sent in a list on Janu-
^"■y 3. '^Ti^y with Lambert Cadwalader's
name at the head for one of the lieutenant-
colonelcies. He was attached to the bat-
talion under the command of Colonel Shea,
and Graydon says in his memoirs : "Ours
was on a footing of the most promising on
the continent." On June 18, General Heath
wrote in his diary: "The Pennsylvania
regiment, commanded by Colonels Shea and
Magaw,have the appearance of fine troops."
That same month, under command of Gen-
eral Mifflin, they erected Fort Washington
on the Hudson, with Forts Constitution and



Lee opposite. On the report of General
Heath that Shea and Magaw's regiment
were among the best disciplined troops of
the army. General Mifflin was ordered with
them to New York. When their time ex-
pired. Colonel Shea returned home, but the
Third Battalion reenlisted for the war as
the Fourth of Foot of the Army of the
United States, and Lambert Cadwalader,
who had been in command, was commis-
sioned colonel. At Fort Washington, while
in command of his regiment, he was taken
prisoner, though Irving, in speaking of that
battle, said of General Washington that
nothirtg encouraged him more than the gal-
lant style in which Colonel Cadwalader,
with an inferior force, maintained his posi-
tion ; "it gave me great hope," he wrote to
Congress, "that the enemy was entirely re-
pulsed." With the rest of the captured gar-
rison, Colonel Cadwalader was marched to
New York, and although sent home was un-
able to procure his release by an exchange
of prisoners. He was compelled to remain
inactive, and finally resigned from the army.
He took a prominent part in the Constitu-
tional Convention of 1776; and in 1784 was
elected a deputy to the Continental Con-
gress, serving until 1787. He was a mem-
ber of the grand committee to which was
referred the report of the Annapolis Com-
mission, recommending the calling of the
Federal Convention, resulting in the Con-
stitution of the United States. He was
elected a representative from New Jersey
to the first Constitutional Congress, begin-
ning March 4, 1789, serving in the First,
Second and Third Congresses, finally re-
turning to private life in March, 1795, at
the expiration of the Third Congress. He
bought in March, 1776, the country seat
"Greenwood," in Ewing township, about a
mile from the city of Trenton, New Jersey,
a portion of which is supposed to have been
of the original tract held by his father, and
the place of his father's death. Here he
resided until his death in 1823, full of years
and honor. He married, in 1793, Mary,



895



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



daughter of Archibald McCall, of Philadel-
phia ; children : Thomas McCall, of whom
further, and John, died in childhood.

Thomas McCall Cadwalader, son of Colo-
nel Lambert and Mary (McCall) Cad-
walader, was born at Greenwood, New Jer-
sey, September ii, 1795, died there Octo-
ber 22, 1873, and is buried in Friends'
ground at Trenton, New Jersey. He was
a graduate of Princeton, and later studied
law, but never practiced. He was appointed
June 2, 1830, deputy adjutant-general of
the Hunterdon County Brigade, New Jer-
sey Militia; lieutenant-colonel and aide-de-
camp to Governor Seely, of New Jersey,
April 10, 1833 ; brigadier-general and ad-
jutant-general of New Jersey, July 30,
1842. The last named office he held through
all political changes until his resignation,
January 26, 1856. In 1856, by the request
of the governor, he traveled over Europe,
visiting the various countries, inspecting
and investigating the firearms in use in the
different branches of service. On his re-
turn he submitted a detailed report of his
observations, which was printed. In March,
1858, by special act of the New Jersey
Legislature, he was brevetted major-general
for "long and meritorious service."

General Cadwalader married, December
27, 1 83 1, Maria C, daughter of Nicholas
Gouverneur, of New Jersey, and his wife
Hester, daughter of Lawrence Kortright,
and sister of the wife of President Monroe.
Children: i. Emily, married William Henry
Rawle. 2. John Lambert, graduate of
Princeton A. B., and of Harvard LL. B.,
assistant secretary of the United States,
member of the firm of Bliss & Cadwalader,
later Eaton Taylor & Cadwalader, later
Strong & Cadwalader, of New York City.
3. Mary, became the second wife of Silas
Weir Mitchell, son of Professor John
Kearsley Mitchell, M. D., the well known
physician and scientist. 4. Richard McCall,
of whom further. 5. Maria, married John
Hone, of New Jersey, a broker, son of John
and Jane (Perry) Hone.



Richard McCall Cadwalader, second and
youngest son of Thomas McCall and Maria
C. (Gouverneur) Cadwalader, was born at
Greenwood (Trenton), New Jersey. Sep-
tember 17, 1839. He is a graduate of
Princeton College, Bachelor of Arts, i860,
and of Harvard Law School, Bachelor of
Laws, 1863. He was admitted to the Phila-
delphia Bar in 1864, and was for many
years active in practice. His writings have
enriched the literature of the profession,
his work, "The Law of Ground Rents,"
being a recognized authority. He has con-
tributed frequently to the "American Law
Register" and professional journals ; is the
author of "Fort Washington and the En-
campment at Whitemarsh," and contributed
a great deal of valuable material, historical
and genealogical, to Keith's "Provincial
Councillors of Pennsylvania." He has been
for many years a director of the Pennsyl-
vania Fire Insurance Company.

Through his distinguished ancestry, Mr.
Cadwalader has gained admission to the
patriotic societies of the nation. He is a
member of the Sons of the Revolution, vice-
president of the General Society and presi-
dent of the Pennsylvania Society; is gov-
ernor of the Pennsylvania Society of Colo-
nial Wars, vice-president of the General So-
ciety ; auditor of the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania ; and a member of the Amer-
ican Historical Association. He is presi-
dent of the Philadelphia Club, a vice-presi-
dent of the Swedish Colonial Society; a
member of the Penn Club and the Baronial
Order of Runnymede; and for many years
has been secretary of the vestry of St.
Thomas' Church. White Marsh.

Mr. Cadwalader married, November 26,
1873, Christine, daughter of J. Williams
Biddle and his wife Emily, daughter of Pro-
fessor Charles D. Meigs, M. D. ; children :
Thomas, Williams Biddle, Richard McCall
(2), Gouverneur, Lambert, Charles Meigs
Biddle, and Alexander. The Cadwalader
city and country homes are at No. 1614
Spruce street, Philadelphia, and Fort Wash-



896



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



ington, Pennsylvania. His office is No. 133
South Twelfth street, Philadelphia.

Both Richard AlcCall Cadwalader and
his wife, Christine Biddle, trace to royal
ancestors — the Cadwaladers to Rhodri, King
of All Wales, who died in 876, through
twenty-seven generations of noble blood to
John Cadwalader, the founder of the family
in Pennsylvania, through his mother, Ellen
Evans. Christine Biddle Cadwalader traces
to David I., King of Scotland; Henry I., of
France, and William the Conqueror, through
her mother, Mary Montgomery, wife of
Professor Charles D. Meigs, M. D., of Phil-
adelphia. Mary Montgomery was a lineal
descendant of William Montgomery, who
came in 1701, settling in Monmouth county.
New Jersey, through his son James, of
"Eglinton." and his son William, of Phila-
delphia, father of Mary Montgomery Meigs.
William Montgomery, of Monmouth county,
was of the twenty-first generation from
David I., King of Scotland, through the
noble families of Montgomery, Campbell
and Bruce, to Prince Henry, Earl of North-
umberland, son of King David I. by his
wife, Lady Matilda, daughter of Wallheof,
Earl of Northumberland. Prince Henry,
of Scotland, married Lady Ada de Warren,
daughter of William, second Earl of War-
ren and Surrey, and his wife Isabel, grand-
daughter of Henry I., King of France.
William, the second Earl of Warren and
Surrey, was a son of William de Warren,
first Earl of Surrey, and his wife, Princess
Gunfred, fifth daughter of Williami the
Conqueror and his wife, Matilda of Flan-
ders.



BALDERSTON, John P.,

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist.

In the Society of Friends the name of
Balderston is one that has been well known
for many generations. The family history
dates back to the early days of Old Eng-
land, and while the name is now extinct in
that country, the "old stock of Balderstons



was considered one of the most respectable
families."

The first of the ancestors to come to
America was John Balderston, a native of
Norwich, born in 1702. He married Han-
nah Cooper, daughter of Jonathan and
Sarah (Hibbs) Cooper, the former of York-
shire, England, the latter living near Phila-
delphia. After the marriage he settled in'
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, and died in
1782.

A son of John Balderston, Isaiah B.
Balderston, married Martha Ely, daughter
of Thomas and Sarah Ely, in the county of
Bucks, Pennsylvania, and soon after re-
moved and settled within the limits of Deer
Creek Monthly Meeting, in Harford county,
State of Maryland, and in 1792 removed a
second time and settled in Baltimore.

His son, Hugh Balderston, married Mar-
garet Wilson, daughter of John and Alis-
anna (Webster) Wilson, December 23,
1802, at a meeting of Friends in Baltimore.
He died June 14, i860, in his seventy-eighth
year, and was buried in the Friends' burying
ground, near Baltimore, as was also his
wife, who died in the ninety-fifth year of
her age.

Christopher Wilson, grandfather of Mar-
garet (Wilson) Balderston, was a cele-
brated Quaker preacher in the north of
England, on the border of Scotland, in
Yorkshire, where he lived and died. He
came to America on a visit sometime prior
to 1760, and was much pleased with the
New World. His son John was engaged to
a Yorkshire lady, who was not a member
of the Society of Friends. His father was
opposed and oflfered him an outfit to Amer-
ica, if he would give her up. Pie agreed
and sailed for the New World, landing at
a little town called Joppa (before the city
of Baltimore was founded), up the Gun-
powder river, about a half mile above the
present railroad bridge on the Philadelphia,
Western & Baltimore railroad. When the
ship arrived, everyone in the neighborhood
came down to see it, for in those days a
897



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



ship from England was a great thing, and
the girls standing on the shore picked out
their beaux as they landed. When John
Wilson stepped off the ship, Alisanna Web-
ster said, "This is my beau, I'll have him."
They became engaged. He afterward went
back to England and on his return they
were married and live at Stafford, on the
Susquehanna river, about five miles above
Havre de Grace.

WiUiam Handy Balderston, son of Hugh
and Margaret (Wilson) Balderston, mar-
ried Rebecca J. Richardson and they became
the parents of John P. Balderston, of whom
further.

John P. Balderston was born in Balti-
more, Maryland, September 6, 1847. After
receiving an education in the Friends'
schools of Westtown, Pennsylvania, Mr.
Balderston entered upon a business career,
and at a very early age became connected
with William F. Potts' Son & Company,
incorporated, importers and jobbers in iron
and steel tin plate. His abilities were soon
recognized and he was entrusted with more
important duties. Within a period of ten
years from the time he became associated
with the firm, he was made a junior part-
ner, and upon the incorporation of the firm,
July 6, 1904, he was made its president.
To have become the head of so important
a business institution was proof of execu-
tive ability of a high order. He was not
only a man of great energy and enterprise,
but was the very essence of integrity. He
placed great stress upon the guidance of a
clear conscience, and his influence for good
was felt everywhere his duties carried him.
His equitable business policies and strict
integrity of purpose had secured for him
a warm and sincere friendship in the vari-
ous walks of life. But Mr. Balderston was
also recognized as a solid and useful man of
affairs, and his services were in demand in
many ways in behalf of the betterment of
civic conditions. As a member of the City
Club he was ever enthusiastic and active in
movements for reform, and while serving



the Chamber of Commerce his opinions pn
matters of importance very often shaped
the policy of the board. His connection
with the Merchants and Salesmen's Asso-
ciation (now out of existence) was also a
most important one. It was a beneficial
society, and Mr. Bald€rston was the guid-
ing mind of the organization which, with
others of its kind, probably did more to bring
about the reform in life insurance circles
than any other one thing. In charitable
enterprises Mr. Balderston was ever ready
to lend a helping hand, and he gave liberally
of time and money to this end.

Mr. Balderston married (first) June i,
187 1, Rachel Stokes, of Cincinnati, daugh-
ter of Samuel Stokes. She died in 1874,
leaving one daughter, Lydia Ray Balder-
ston. ]\Ir. Balderston married (second)
Ella M. Mead, daughter of Nathaniel Em-
erson Mead, of New York City. The
widow and daughter survive him.

At the time of the death of Mr. Balder-
ston, August 30, 1910, the Chamber of Com-
merce passed the following resolutions:

The members of the board of directors of the
Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce learn with
profound sorrow of the sudden death of their
esteemed and beloved co-worker, John P. Balder-
ston. His zealous and active work as one of
this board, and his generous and kindly dealings
with his fellow members, won for him respect
and high esteem from all those who liad the
privilege of his companionship. We realize that
in his death this community has suffered a distinct
loss that will be felt most keenly by those who
have enjoyed the inspiration and help of his
friendship. Therefore be it resolved, that we
e.xtend to his bereaved family our sincere and
heartfelt sympathy with them in their affliction,
and be it further resolved that a copy of this
minute be engrossed and forwarded to the family
of our departed member as a further token of
respect.

A meeting of the board of directors of
the Merchants and Salesmen's Association
passed the following:

Whereas it has pleased Almighty God in his
infinite wisdom to remove from our midst, our





■^ ^^i^i^^t^^



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.A.PHY



esteemed friend and associate, John P. Balder-
ston, and whereas, we knew him for his broad-
guage fellowship, his uncompromising honesty,
his open-hearted, big-souled generosity, and the
height and cleanliness of his thoughts; therefore,
be it resolved — That we extend to his family our
heartfelt sympathy in the hour of great bereave-
ment. We realize how empty and inadequate
any words of ours must seem at a time of such
overwhelming grief, but we sincerely trust that
they will see through them the sorrow and com-
miseration that every member of this Association
feels; further be it: Resolved, That a copy of
these resolutions be suitably engrossed and pre-
sented to his family.

The resolution of the Philadelphia Tin
Plate and Jobbers' Association was as fol-
lows:

Whereas, in the death of our fellow member,
Mr. John P. Balderston, we are called upon to
mourn the loss of a business associate of many
years standing, therefore be it resolved — That
this special meeting of the Philadelphia Tin Plate
and Jobbers' Association, called for the purpose
of taking action regarding the sudden removal
from life's activities of our friend and brother,
we are not unmindful of the tireless industry and
manifest ability displayed by the late John P.
Balderston during the forty years that he was
identified with the tinplate and metal interests of
the city of Philadelphia; during which period of
time he won an unsullied reputation, bequeathing
to his family and associates of this company, a
record worthy of emulation. His splendid energy
was not only expended for personal ends, but in
private life he was a genial and pleasing friend
and companion. With this tribute to his worth
and character, we wish to assure his family of
our sincere sympathy with them in their great
bereavement, and that his name will always be
remembered by those who have been his business
associates, and who now are so forcibly reminded
of the brevity and uncertainty of life. Further
be it : Resolved, That a copy of this tribute be
engrossed on the minutes of the Association and
also engrossed and sent to the family.

Just one more resolution might be added,
the one adopted by the board of trustees of
the Charity Hospital of Philadelphia:

Whereas John Peck Balderston has by the
Grace of Almighty God, been taken from us in
the fullness of his usefulness, and whereas the



suddenness of his death has found us unpre-
pared to replace him in the important position he
held among us, and, whereas, his mental strength,
executive ability, and power of keen judgment
were only equalled by his integrity of thought
and uprightness of conduct in all his relations
with us; therefore be it: Resolved, That we, the
board of trustees of the Charity Hospital of
Philadelphia, in regular meeting assembled, do
hereby testify to our sense of loss, as well as



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