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low.

(II) Green, son of William and Grace
(Bennett) Hill, was born November 3,
1741, in Bute county ("the county without
a Tory"), North Carolina, and was a mem-
ber of the Provincial Assembly which met
at New Berne, North Carolina, August 25,
1774. He also sat in the Provincial Con-
gress which met April 3, 1775, at New
Berne, August 21, 1775, at Hillsboro, and
April 4, 1776, at Halifax. In these four
assemblies he represented Bute county. At
the last Congress, measures were taken to
resist the royal government, troops were
raised and officers appointed. Mr. Hill was
appointed second major of the Third North
Carolina Regiment, and promoted to a
colonelcy. Under the new government
Colonel Hill was assigned to the important
duty of issuing script or currency, as ap-



pears by the following note, which is still
preserved in the family :

North Carolina Currency

No. Six Dollars

By Authority of Congress

at Halifax, April 2, 1776

G. Hill.

At what time Colonel Hill joined the
Methodist Episcopal church does not ap-
pear, but on January 21, 1792, he was or-
dained deacon by Bishop Asbury, and on

October 4, , at Reese's Chapel, near

Franklin, Tennessee, was made an elder by
Bishop McKendree. Both parchments are
preserved. Long ere this he was a preacher
or exhorter, and it is recorded that as early
as 1780 he visited the soldiers in camp and
preached to them. Ten or twelve years after
the Revolution he moved from North Caro-
lina to Tennessee, settling in Williamson
county, near Liberty Hill, then a place of con-
siderable importance, having one of the first
meeting houses erected by the Methodists in
that portion of the State. He married Mar-
tha Thomas and their daughter, Martha, is
mentioned below. Colonel Hill continued
in the ministry to the close of his life and
in 1810 passed away at Liberty Hill.

(III) Martha, daughter of Green and
Martha (Thomas) Hill, was born in 1769,
in Bute county. North Carolina, and be-
came the wife of Jeremiah Brown, who was
born in North Carolina and died in Ten-
nessee. Martha (Hill) Brown died in 1862,
in Wilson county, Tennessee, having reached
the venerable age of ninety-three.

(IV) Hannah, daughter of Jeremiah and
Martha (Hill) Brown, was born in 1802,
in Tennessee, and became the wife of Dr.
James Frazer (see Frazer line).

(The Murfree Line).

(I) William Murfree, founder of the
family in North Carolina, was born in 1730,
and was a descendant of English ancestors.
On August 21, 1775, he represented Hert-
ford county at the Hillsboro convention,
and on November 12, 1776, was a delegate



936



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



to the Provincial Congress which met at
Halifax and framed the constitution of
North Carolina. It is claimed by competent
authorities that Mr. Murfree's draft of the
constitution was the one finally adopted.
His entrance into public life was made dur-
ing the colonial period when he represented
Northampton county in the Colonial Assem-
bly of 1758-59. In 1762, when Hertford
county was formed from portions of three
other counties, he was one of the two first
members of the General Assembly from the
new county. From 1766 to 1770 he served
as the second colonial high sheriff of Hert-
ford county. On January 6, 1787, the Gen-
eral Assembly ratified "an act for establish-
ing a town on the lands of William Mur-
free on Aleherrin river in the county of
Hertford * * * and the town shall be called
Murfreesborough." Mr. Murfree donated
a tract of ninety-seven acres for the town
site, erecting thereon a stone house which is
still standing. He married Mary Moore, of
Northampton county. North Carolina, and
their children were: Hardy, mentioned be-
low ; James ; William ; Sarah ; Patty ; Betty,
and Nancy. Mr. Murfree died during the
War of the Revolution. He was a man of
high character and much influence and
proved himself a zealous patriot.

(II) Hardy, son of William and Mary
(Moore) Murfree, was born in 1752, in
Hertford county, and entered the Conti-
nental army as captain of the Second North
Carolina Regiment, being subsequently pro-
moted to the rank of major and later to that
of colonel, for gallant service. He partici-
pated in the battles of Brandywine, Mon-
mouth, Stony Point, King's Mountain and
others. At Stony Point he was chosen by
General Wayne to lead the assault with his
North Carolina patriots, and his heroic
services on this occasion were most appre-
ciatively mentioned in letters written by his
commander. His native State presented
him with a sword, which is preserved in the
State Historical Society of Tennessee. He
received also a large grant of land in that



State, upon which was afterward built the
town of Murfreesborough, now a thriving
city. For ten years after the war he served
as commissioner of confiscated property in
the Edenton district, and in 1784 was ap-
pointed one of the commissioners of Albe-
marle Sound. In 1789 he was a member
of the convention called to consider whether
North Carolina would join the Union. In
1790 he owned the largest number of slaves
of any man in the county, employing them
in subduing the forests, cultivating the soil
and making tar, pitch and turpentine. In
1807 he settled on the lands received from
the government, at Murfree's Fork of West
Harpeth river, near the town of Franklin,
Tennessee. Colonel Murfree married, Feb-
ruary 17, 1780, Sally Brickell (see Brickell
line), and they were the parents of a son,
William Hardy, mentioned below. In 1809
Colonel Murfree died on his estate in Ten-
nessee, where he was buried with the beauti-
ful Masonic ritual, he having been a distin-
guished member of the order. He is said to
have been one of the handsomest men of his
day and the last survivor who commanded a
regiment in the Revolutionary war.

(Ill) William Hardy, son of Hardy and
Sally (Brickell) Murfree, was born Octo-
ber 2, 1781, in Hertford county. North Car-
olina, graduated at the State University,
and studied law at Edenton. After obtain-
ing his license he returned to his native
town of Murfreesborough, North Carolina,
and entered at once upon the practice of his
profession. He soon rose into prominence
and acquired great personal popularity.
From 1S05 to 1812 he was county attorney
of Hertford county. In 1805 he repre-
sented the county in the House of Assem-
bly, in 1812 was again a member of the
House, and from 1813 to 1817 was a Con-
gressional representative of tlie Edenton
district. During his term he defended with
ability President Madison's policy in the
war with Great Britain. He declined a
third election. In addition to his legal and
political duties Mr. Murfree had the care



937



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



of his vast estates, involving all the respon-
sibilities of a wealthy Southern planter of a
century ago, and in 1823 he removed to
Tennessee to care for his large inherited
interests in that State. Mr. Murfree mar-
ried, February 17, 1808, Elizabeth Maney
(see Maney line), and their children were:
William L. ; Sally Brickell, married David
Dickenson, for many years member of
Congress from Tennessee ; and Elizabeth
Maney, mentioned below. William L. Mur-
free was a graduate of the University of
Nashville, an able writer, a profound
scholar and lawyer and the author of sev-
eral standard legal works. His daughter,
Mary Noailles Murfree, is the "Charles Eg-
bert Craddock" of fiction. William Hardy
Murfree died in Nashville, January 19,
1827, surviving his wife but six months, she
having passed away July 13, 1826, near
Franklin, Tennessee.

(IV) Elizabeth Maney, daughter of Wil-
liam Hardy and EHzabeth (Maney) Mur-
free, was born July 13, 1826, near Franklin,
Tennessee, and became the wife of Henry
S. Frazer (see Frazer line).

(The Maney Line).

Two brothers, Jacques and Jean Maney,
lived at Meschers, a village on the Gironee,
France, the latter being a sea captain and
known as Captain Maney. They were
Huguenots and fled to England, probably at
the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in
1685. From England they came to Amer-
ica, joining the Narragansett colony in
Rhode Island in 1686. Jacques married
Anne, daughter of Francois Vincent, both
of them being members of the Huguenot
church in New York in 1692. Jean mar-
ried, prior to 1696, Jeanne, daughter of
Jean Machet, and was a member of the
same church.

(II) James, son of Jacques and Anne
(Vincent) Maney, went to Virginia and
thence to North Carolina, settling, in 171 1,
on the banks of the Chowan river, near the
present Maney 's Ferry. He bought a large
tract of land on the banks of the Chowan,



the deeds being recorded in 1714, and he
also established Maney's Ferry which is
mentioned in colonial records as one of the
king's places for landing his army stores.
In 1744 James Maney was a major in His
Majesty's militia of Northampton county
and also a justice of the peace. He mar-
ried his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Jean
and Jeanne (Machet) Maney, and their son
James is mentioned below. James Maney,
the father, died in 1754.

(III) James (2), son of James (i) and
Elizabeth (Maney) Maney, married Sus-
anna Ballard.

(IV) James (3), son of James (2) and
Susanna (Ballard) Maney, married Eliza-
beth, daughter of General Lawrence Baker,
of Hertford county, North Carolina, and
among their six children was James, men-
tioned below.

(V) James (4), son of James (3) and
Elizabeth (Baker) Maney, married Mary
Roberts, and among their five children was
Elizabeth, mentioned below.

(VI) Elizabeth, daughter of James (4)
and Mary (Roberts) Maney, was born Oc-
tober 28, 1787, and became the wife of Wil-
liam Hardy Murfree (see Murfree line).

(The Brickell Line).

The Rev. Matthias Brickell, founder of
the Brickell family of North Carolina, was
born in England, and in 1724, in company
with his brother, Dr. John Brickell, came to
America on the same ship that brought the
royal governor, Burrington. Mr. Brickell
was the first resident preacher west of the
Chowan river in North Carolina and entered
upon his mission in 1730. His home was in
Bertie county, and his death occurred in
1758.

(II) Matthew, son of Matthias Brickell,
was born March 23, 1725, and was liberally
educated. From 1762 to 1766 he served as
the first high sheriff of Hertford county,
and on August 21, 1775, he was a delegate
to the Hillsboro convention, also sitting in
the Halifax convention of April 4, 1776.
By the latter body he was appointed lieu-



938





;„u.-5£vS-mr— '/W -



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



tenant-colonel of the North CaroHna Con-
tinentals. In 1778 he was appointed by the
General Assembly a justice of the peace for
Hertford county, and after the close of the
Revolutionary War was chairman of the
old county court. Colonel Brickel! married,
November 6, 1748, Rachel de Noailles, who
was born January 13, 1728, and belonged
to a Huguenot family. Among the chil-
dren of this marriage was Sally, mentioned
below. Mrs. Brickell died February 17,
1770, and the death of Colonel Brickell oc-
curred October 17, 1788.

(Ill) Sally, daughter of Matthew and
Rachel (de Noailles) Brickell, was born
July 29, 1757, became the wife of Colonel
Hardy Murfree (see Murfree line) and
died in 1802.

Mrs. Sallie Murfree (Frazer) Hillman
obtains membership in the Colonial Dames
of America through her great-grandfathers,
William Murfree, and the Rev. Colonel
Green Hill ; in the Daughters of the Amer-
ican Revolution through her great-grand-
father. Colonel Hardy Murfree, the hero of
Stony Point, where he led one of the assault-
ing parties; in the Daughters of 1812
through her grandfather. Dr. James Frazer,
a surgeon with General Jackson, at New
Orleans. She is eligible to the Huguenot
Society of America through her maternal
ancestor, Jacques Maney, a Huguenot
refugee from Meschers, France, and through
her great-grandmother, Rachel de Noailles,
a member of a Huguenot family and wife
of Colonel Matthew Brickell.



UPTEGRAFF, Walter D.,

Westinghonse Interests OfiScial.

The Westinghouse interests are synony-
mous with the growth of Pittsburgh and
conspicuous among the men who have had
a large share in building up this magnificent
assemblasre of organizations is Walter D.
UptegrafT, vice-president and director of
the Union Switch and Signal Company, and
officially connected with a number of the



other world-famous concerns associated
with the name of Westinghouse. Mr. Upte-
graff has been thus far a lifelong resident
of Pittsburgh, and is a forceful factor in
everything pertaining to her best interests.

Walter D. UptegrafT was born February
18, 1865, in Pittsburgh, and is a son of
Abner and Julia (Bankerd) Uptegraff.
Until his fifteenth year the boy attended the
local schools of Allegheny, and on March
I, 1880, obtained a position with the West-
inghouse Air-brake Company, as assistant
to Howard Sprague, then secretary of that
corporation. Later Mr. Westinghouse made
him his private secretary, thus placing him
in charge of an immense correspondence.
This fact in itself was sufficient to stamp
him as endowed with unusual aptitude in
grappling with details, and his already
thorough equipment was rendered still more
complete by a course of legal study.

With the expansion of the responsibili-
ties of the great founder of the Westing-
house interests, the duties of his secretary
grew in proportion, but he proved himself
fully equal to them, endowed as he was with
the astute brain of the business man and
the judicial mind of the lawyer. In 1896
Mr. Westinghouse conferred upon Mr.
Uptegraff the supreme mark of confidence
by giving him power of attorney to act for
him in financial matters. When Mr. West-
inghouse (whose biography, together with a
steel engraved portrait, appears on another
page of this work) passed away, it was
found that he had appointed Mr. Uptegraff
one of the three executors of his estate, thus
giving another striking proof of apprecia-
tion of the exceptional characteristics of his
lieutenant. It has been said that nothing is
more illuminating as to personality than the
impression which a man produces upon the
minds of those with whom he is brought in
contact. The feelings which he inspires in
others are a mirror in which he is pre-
sented to us more faithfully than by the
brush of the artist or the pen of the his-
torian. If this be so, we gain our truest



939



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



conception of Mr. Uptegraff as a high-
minded man of affairs from the simple fact
that Mr. Westinghouse thought it wise to
make him one of the three executors of his
great estate.

In April, 1914, Mr. Uptegraff was made
vice-president of the Union Switch and
Signal Company in place of Colonel H. G.
Prout, who succeeded Mr. Westinghouse
as president of the company. Mr. Upte-
graff had long been a director of the Union
Switch and Signal Company, the Westing-
house Air-brake Company, and the West-
inghouse Machine Company, as well as
treasurer and director of the Westinghouse
Air Spring Company. He is also president
and director of the Pittsburgh Wall Paper
Company and the Defiance Paper Com-
pany; president, assistant secretary, treas-
urer and director of the Excess Indicator
Company; and treasurer, secretary and
director of the East Pittsburgh Improve-
ment Company.

As a vigilant and attentive observer of
men and measures, Mr. Uptegraff's ideas
carry weight among those with whom he
discusses public problems, and he is fre-
quently consulted in regard to matters of
municipal importance. He belongs to the
Duquesne, the Pittsburgh Country Club and
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association. In
Mr. Uptegraff's countenance the lines which
tell of strength of character and tenacity of
purpose are softened by a geniality of ex-
pression which goes far to explain his capac-
ity for winning and holding friends. The
clear, direct look of the eyes speaks of a
straightforward disposition and the ability
for prompt decision and unhesitating action.
He has always been a worker, not a talker,
a man of electric force and alertness and a
natural leader. Courteous in manner and
generous in feeling, he is a perfect type of
the typical Pittsburgh man of affairs.

Mr. Uptegraff married, June 17, 1883,
Annie Gaylor, daughter of David and Mary
(Morrison) Marshall, who were also the
parents of three other daughters — Mrs. Ed-



ward H. S. Fuller, Miss Katherine Mar-
shall and Mrs. Charles Comley ; and two
sons — David W. Marshall and James F.
Marshall. David Marshall, the father, died,
and his widow, who was a cousin of Andrew
Carnegie, passed away December 28, 1912.
The following children have been born to
Mr. and Mrs. Uptegraff: Marguerite Mar-
shall, who became the wife of D. H. Shoe-
maker ; Elizabeth Marshall ; Thomas Mar-
shall, of Niagara Falls, New York; Gaylor
Marshall, married Sarah Herron ; and Ken-
neth Marshall. Mrs. Uptegraff, a thought-
ful, clever woman of culture and character,
takes life with a gentle seriousness that
endears her to those about her. The beau-
tiful home in the East End over which she
presides is a center of hospitality, Mr. Upte-
graff being a man who delights to gather his
friends about him and passes his happiest
hours in the home fcircle.

In helping to build up and extend the
mighty group of corporations which will go
down in history as the Westinghouse Inter-
ests. Walter D. Uptegraff is laying lasting
foundations for the future industrial pre-
eminence of Pittsburgh. He is one of the
men whose work "lives after them."



KING, Alexander,

Iieading Mannfactnrer.

One of the strong men of the Old Pitts-
burgh — one of those Titans of trade whose
heroic proportions seem to dwarf their suc-
cessors of the present day — was the late
Alexander King, head of the celebrated firm
of King & Company. Mr. King was a man
who touched life at many points, and his
great abilities and sterling traits of char-
acter caused him to be regarded by the
entire community with feelings of profound
admiration.

Alexander King was born in Mil ford.
County Donegal, Ireland, in the year 1816,
and left his native land at the age of seven-
teen years to join relatives in Baltimore.
He had received a classical education in



940



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Ireland, being intended for the ministry of
the Presbyterian church ; and these classical
studies of early youth he kept bright and
familiar to the very close of his life. Young,
energetic and educated, of manners cul-
tured, he easily found employment in a
large wholesale grocery establishment in
Baltimore. Having discharged the duties
of his position with exemplary fidelity and
diligence for three years, he came to Pitts-
burgh. Here he entered the store of his
elder brother, R. H. King, who was then
largely engaged in the grocery business.
After two years spent in his brother's
employ, he formed a partnership with John
Watt, under the name of Watt & King, in
the same line of trade. After continuing
this partnership for three years, the firm
was dissolved, and Mr. King began his mer-
cantile career alone. He was very success-
ful and became widely known for enter-
prise, strict integrity and public spirit.

In 1843 Mr. King introduced soda-ash
into this country, for the first time, import-
ing it from England, and supplied large
quantities required in the manufacture of
glass. A few years later he put up an exten-
sive factory in Birmingham, Pittsburgh, for
the manufacture of soda-ash. In this ven-
ture he was associated with Thomas Gra-
ham, under the firm name of King & Gra-
ham. This undertaking was soon aban-
doned, as it was found impossible to pro-
duce soda-ash at a fair profit in competition
with the imported article.

Later Mr. King engaged in the manu-
facture of glass under the name of King
& Company, which undertaking was very
successful, the enterprise prospering from
its very inception, a fact not to be wondered
at when it is remembered that its leader was
Alexander King, a man whose vigorous,
compelling nature and keen, practical mind
wrenched success from the many difficulties
he encountered. He was one of those men
who seem to find the happiness of success
in their work a reward more than sufficient
to compensate them for any expenditure of



time and strength. His singularly strong
personality exerted a wonderful influence on
his associates and subordinates, and to the
former he showed a kindly, humorous side
of his nature which made their relations
most enjoyable, while the unfailing justice
and kindliness of his conduct toward the lat-
ter won for him their most loyal support.

The well known business qualifications of
Mr. King and his marvellously clear insight
caused his services to be much in demand on
boards of directors of different organiza-
tions, including the Pittsburgh Gas Com-
pany, the Cash Insurance Company, and
was one of the organizers of the Fort Pitt
Banking Company, afterwards merged into
the Fort Pitt National Bank. He was
widely but unostentatiously charitable, and
his public spirit and rapidity of judgment
enabled him, in the midst of incessant busi-
ness activity, to give to the affairs of the
community effort and counsel of genuine
value. A Democrat in politics, he was
active in the movements of the organization,
his penetrating thought often adding wis-
dom to public measures. No one familiar
with Mr. King's fine personal appearance
can fail to remember how truly it indicated
his character. His manner was that of the
most perfect dignity and gracious benignity.
He may be said to have radiated cheerful-
ness. Wherever he went his presence
brought sunshine, dispelling gloom, banish-
ing depression and causing even his business
associates to forget their worries.

Mr. King married (first) Eliza Jane,
daughter of John W. and Jane Smith,
whose death occurred February 6, 1858.
He married (second) Sarah Cordelia Smith,
a sister of his first wife. Her death occurred
May 5, 1911. Children: Alexander H.,
business man of Pittsburgh ; Jennie, who
became the wife of Richard B. Mellon, of
Pittsburgh ; William S., who died May 5,
1904, and Robert Burns, in real estate busi-
ness in Pittsburgh. Both Mr. and Mrs.
King delighted in the exercise of hospitality,
and Mr. King, with his brilliant conversa-
941



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



tional talents, his fund of anecdote and his
gentle humor, was indeed an incomparable
host. What he was in the innermost sanc-
tuary of his home, surrounded by the beings
dearest to him none can know save those to
whom he stood in the sacred relations of
husband and father. He possessed a mind
of a very high order, which he had won-
derfully enriched by varied and extensive
reading. He revelled in the treasures of his
large library. His palatial residence, "Bay-
wood," was one of the show places of Pitts-
burgh, and the scene of much entertaining.
Mr. King was fond of horses and long
maintained a splendid stable, which he drove
with a consummate mastery of horse and
rein.

On September 15, 1890, this gifted and
lovable man passed away, mourned as sin-
cerely by high and humble as ever falls to
the lot of any. Large as was his mind, his
heart was larger. His sympathy for human-
ity was so broad that it extended to all who
came in contact with him, and his name
will be perpetuated not only by his works,
but by the far sweeter monument of grate-
ful memories. He was one of the men who,
by force of character, kindliness of disposi-
tion and steady and persistent good conduct
in all the situations and under all the trials
of life take possession of the public heart
and hold it after they have ceased from
earth.

As a business man Alexander King did
much for Pittsburgh. To her commercial
prosperity he and others like him contrib-
uted to an incalculable degree. As a citizen
he helped to purify and build up her munic-
ipal system and her public institutions. And
he did even more. He gave to her a daily
example of public and private virtue, the
picture of a noble and blameless life — the
life of a kindly, honorable, high-minded
Christian gentleman.



CHILDS. Otis H.,

Manufacturer, Philanthropist.

The history of Pittsburgh as the Steel
City includes the record of the lives of



many men eminent for ability and useful-
ness, but of none who accomplished more
in a comparatively short space of time than
did the late Otis H. Childs, of the United
Engineering Company, and officially iden-
tified with other leading manufacturing
organizations. Mr. Childs was a lifelong



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