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plenty of room available for increasing the
present capacity of 100,000 bushels when-
ever conditions may require it. As the first
concrete elevator erected in Pittsburgh this
has been the centre of much interest in the
grain trade in that vicinity and has set the
pace for better things in elevator construc-
tion.

In addition to his grain business, Mr.
Stewart holds the office of vice-president of
the Western National Bank of Pittsburgh
and has been for a very long period closely
identified with the financial history of the
city. For twenty years he was a director of
the West End Bank, and he was one of the
organizers and was elected one of the first
directors, which office he has held continu-
ously, of the National Bank of Western
Pennsylvania. He held the presidency of
the Fourth National Bank until that insti-
tution was consolidated, January 17, 1910,
with the National Bank of Western Penn-
sylvania, when he became vice-president of
the combination, holding the office until
May 17, 1913, when that bank's name was
changed and became the Western National
Bank of Pittsburgh, of which he was elected
a director and first vice-president. Fitted



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



as he is by mature judgment and ripe experi-
ence for the administration and handling
of important and comphcated interests, Mr.
Stewart has been frequently solicited to
undertake such responsibilities and his pub-
lic spirit has led him to accept many of these
trusts. He is trustee of the James M.
Bailey estate, e.xecutor for the estate of
Mrs. F. N. C. Nimick, attorney in fact for
Alexander K. Nimick, president (elected
June 26) of the Shady Side Academy,
president of the Homceopathic Hospital, and
at the death of Thomas N. Miller was made
president of the Pittsburgh Opera House
Company. The duties involved in all these
positions, and especially in that of trustee
for estates, are of an exceptionally exacting
nature, demanding the services of a vigor-
ous and at the same time a quick and keen
intellect.

While assiduous in business, Mr. Stewart
is moved by a public-spirited interest in his
fellow citizens and his aid and influence are
never withheld from any project which, in
his judgment, tends to further the welfare
of Pittsburgh. Ever ready to respond to
any deserving call made upon him, he is
widely but unostentatiously charitable. In
politics he is a Democrat and although fre-
quently urged to become a candidate for
office has steadily refused. He affiliates
with the Masonic fraternity, belonging to
Tancred Commandery, No. 48, Knights
Templar, and is a member of the Pittsburgh
Club, the Civic Club of Allegheny County,
the Automobile Club of Pittsburgh and the
Church Club of the Diocese of Pittsburgh.
He and his family are members of Calvary
Protestant Episcopal Church.

A man of strongly marked characteristics,
modestly inclined, but in business thor-
oughly aggressive, Mr. Stewart is genial in
disposition and highly appreciative of the
good traits of others. Tall and fine-looking,
with iron grey hair, white moustache and
keen but kindly eyes, he looks the man he is.
An energetic worker, he is also a very quiet
one, accomplishing much without apparent



effort. Dignified, courteous and compan-
ionable, he possesses the capacity for life-
long friendship.

Mr. Stewart married, April 29, 1880, in
Pittsburgh, Jennie L., daughter of William
K. and Elizabeth (Bailey) Nimick. Mr.
Nimick died April 19, 1875, •" Pittsburgh.
Mr. and Mrs. Stewart are the parents of
one son: Glenn, born January 6, 1884, in
Pittsburgh, educated at Shady Side Acad-
emy, at a school at Ashcville, North Caro-
lina, and at Yale University, graduating in
1906, in the scientific course. After attend-
ing Harvard Law School he went to France
and Spain in order to become familiar with
the languages of those countries and is now
preparing to secure a position in the diplo-
matic service. He is a member of the Auto-
mobile Club of Pittsburgh. Of strong
domestic tastes and affections, Mr. Stewart
is devoted to the ties of family and friend-
ship and delights in the exercise of hos-
pitality. Mrs. Stewart is a member of the
Twentieth Century Club of Pittsburgh and
the Civic Club of Allegheny county.

David Glenn Stewart is one of the men
who are essential to the unbuilding of great
municipalities by reason of the fact that his
work has both magnitude and permanence
and that he is eminently fitted for the ad-
ministration of high and important trusts.
His long and useful career is illustrative of
the phrase, "Success with Honor."



BEAL, James Harvey,

Corporation Lavryer, Financier.

The future of Pittsburgh is in the hands
not of her industrial leaders and potentates
alone, but also in those of the men who
preside and argue in her courts, who admin-
ister justice and plead for redress of
wrongs. The bar of the Iron City, distin-
guished from the beginning, has grown in
lustre with the passing years, and prominent
among the men who to-day ably maintain its
ancient prestige, is James Harvey Beal. of
the famous corporation law firm of Reed,



949



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Smith, Shaw & Beal, and former assistant
city attorney for Pittsburgh. Mr. Beal's
entire professional career has thus far been
associated with the metropolis and he is
intimately identified with her most essen-
tial interests.

James Harvey Beal was born September
I, 1869, at Frankfort Springs, Pennsylvania,
and is the son of William and Mary (Liv-
ingston) Beal. The boy attended the public
schools, the instruction which he received
there being largely amplified by private
study. In January, 1892, he was admitted
to the Allegheny county bar, and has since
been continuously engaged in active prac-
tice in the city of Pittsburgh. Innate ability
enforced by thorough equipment and vital-
ized by unflagging industry, rapidly brought
the young lawyer into well-earned promi-
nence, and in 1896, only four years after his
admission to the bar, he became assistant
city attorney for Pittsburgh. This position
he filled with a degree of ability and an ad-
herence to principle which attracted much
attention and added to his already enviable
reputation. In 1899 Mr. Beal resigned his
office in order to associate himself with the
firm of Knox & Reed, composed of former
United States Senator P. C. Knox and
James H. Reed. When Mr. Knox became
Secretary of State he was forced to sever
his connection with the firm, which was
reorganized as Reed, Smith, Shaw & Beal.
It is now one of the foremost corporation
law firms in Pittsburgh, and one of the most
prominent coalitions of lawyers in the en-
tire State of Pennsylvania. As an expert
in corporation practice, Mr. Beal stands
second to none and, with his associates, has
conducted some of the most important and
exacting legal actions ever brought in the
United States. Strong in reasoning and
forceful in argument, he possesses that
judicial instinct which makes its way quickly
through immaterial details to the essential
points upon which the determination of a
cause must turn and his statements are re-
markable both for logic and lucidity.



With the business life of Pittsburgh Mr.
Beal is also conspicuously identified. He
is a director in the Pittsburgh Coal Com-
pany, the Monongahela River Consolidated
Coal and Coke Company, and the Western
Allegheny railroad. In banking circles he
holds an influential position, being a director
in the Lincoln National Bank. In matters
of business he manifests the same keen
penetration and sound judgment which char-
acterize him in his legal practice.

Politically Mr. Beal is a Republican, but
has never been numbered among office-
seekers, and has refrained from taking an
active part in public affairs, always, how-
ever, giving the loyal support of a good citi-
zen to measures and movements which in
his judgment tend to promote progress and
reform. Ever ready to respond to any de-
serving call made upon him, he is widely
but unostentatiously charitable. He belongs
to the Pittsburgh Athletic Association, and
his clubs are the Duquesne, Pittsburgh
Press, University, Pittsburgh Country, Oak-
mont Country, Union and Stanton Heights
Golf, all of the Pittsburgh district, and the
New York Athletic and Lawyers' clubs of
New York City. The countenance of Mr.
Beal is an index to his character, the clear-
cut features with their lines of will and
achievement and the large dark eyes with
their direct, forceful gaze speaking elo-
quently of intellect and decision and the re-
lentless pursuit of the fixed purpose, soft-
ened by kindliness and a strong sense of
humor. He is ardent and loyal in his attach-
ments and counts his friends by the hun-
dred.

Mr. Beal married Beatrice Littell, and
they are the parents of two sons — William
Rodgers, and James Harvey Jr. Mrs. Beal,
a woman of most attractive personality, is
prominent in the social circles of Pittsburgh,
being one of the city's favorite hostesses.
Mr. Beal delights in the exercise of hos-
pitality and is devoted to his home and
family.

In his twenty-two years at the bar Mr.
950





/iLcUjJcLu^ .^Z^_^



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Beal has accomplished much, having a rec-
ord of achievements both solid and bril-
liant. He has not, however, yet completed
his forty-fifth year, and he is one of the
men with whom time means progress.
Everything indicates that the future has in
store for him more signal triumphs and
greater honors than those which the past
has already brought him.



NEAD, Benjamin Matthias,

Lawyer, Journalist, Anthor.

Benjamin Matthias Nead, who for more
than a quarter of a century has been num-
bered among the leaders of the Dauphin
county bar, Pennsylvania, comes of good
old Pennsylvania German stock, and during
the long period of his residence in Harris-
burg has become thoroughly identified with
the municipal, social and benevolent inter-
ests of the capital of the Keystone State.

Four of the ancestors of Benjamin Mat-
thias Nead were in the party who came in
1710 to Livingston Manor, New York,
afterward going to Schoharie county, and
in 1723 and 1728 proceeding down the Sus-
quehanna to the Swatara and thence to Tul-
pehocken. They were: Michael Lauer
(grandfather four generations removed),
and his son Christian Lauer ; John Spyker
(grandfather four generations removed),
and Jacob Lowengut (grandfather three
generations removed). The last mentioned,
with his wife, was killed and scalped by hos-
tile Indians at Tulpehocken, in April, 1758.
Peter Spyker, great-great-great-grand-
father, was judge of the Berks county
courts from 1768 to his death in 1789, the
greater part of the time president judge,
and took an active part in civil afi'airs
during the Revolution, being one of the com-
missioners appointed by the Assembly in
1776 to raise funds to prosecute the war.
Two great-great-grandfathers. Major Peter
Dechert, of Pennsylvania, and Captain Ben-
jamin Spyker Jr., of the Maryland Line,
served as ofl^cers in the struggle for inde-



pendence, and two great-grandfathers, Dan-
iel Nead and John Wunderlich, enlisted as
privates. Two great-great-grandfathers,
Matthias Nead and Peter Ilellcigh, were
pioneers in the settlement of Western Mary-
land, going there shortly after 1750, and
both took an active part in affairs.

Matthias Nead, grandfather of Benjamin
Matthias Nead, of Harrisburg. served as an
officer in one of the Maryland regiments
during the War of 1812, and in the early
part of the nineteenth century was promi-
nently identified with the political and busi-
ness history of Franklin county.

Benjamin Franklin, son of Matthias
Nead, was for upward of forty years
actively engaged in business in Chambers-
burg, for the greater portion of the time
as one of the firm of Wunderlich & Nead,
which was among the pioneers in the old-
time forwarding and commission business.
Franklin Nead, as he was commonly called,
and Daniel K. Wunderlich, the other mem-
ber of the firm, were prominent among that
little coterie of active and enterprising busi-
ness men to whom belongs the credit of
having built up the little village of Cham-
bersburg from an ordinary country town
into the progressive and thriving borough
which it was when the blight of the Civil
War fell upon it. Benjamin Franklin Nead
married Ellen Wunderlich, a sister of Dan-
ial K. W^underlich, and their son, Benjamin
Matthias, is mentioned below.

Benjamin Matthias, son of Benjamin
Franklin and Ellen (Wunderlich) Nead,
was born July 14, 1847, '" Antrim town-
ship, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, and
received his early education in the Cham-
bersburg Academy. During the last year
of the war he was under the private tutelage
of Rev. James F. Kennedy, of Chambers-
burg, afterward entering the Hopkins
Grammar School, New Haven, Connecticut,
where he remained one year. At the end
of that time he matriculated at Yale Uni-
versity, graduating in the class of 1870.
After graduation, Mr. Nead returned to



95'



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Chambersburg and studied law in the office
of Hon. Francis M. Kimmel, ex-judge of
that judicial district. June 4, 1872, he was
admitted to the bar of Franklin county, and
practiced his profession until 1875, when he
was appointed State Tax Deputy in the
department of the Auditor General of the
Commonwealth. In consequence he re-
moved to Harrisburg, and held the position
until May, 1881, when he retired to resume
the practice of his profession, in which he
has ever since been actively engaged. The
practical knowledge of State tax law
acquired by Mr. Nead during his service
in the department of the Auditor General
led him, upon his retirement from that
service, to make a specialty of practice in
State tax and corporation cases, and in
this practice he has been largely success-
ful, building up for himself a reputation
throughout the State. In the forty years
of his legal experience he has been counsel
for a number of corporations and has been
employed in many important cases, notably
those in which the Commonwealth of Penn-
sylvania enjoined the Pennsylvania Rail-
road Company from the purchase of the
South Pennsylvania and Beech Creek rail-
roads, and the suits instituted by the Com-
monwealth against the counties of Philadel-
phia and Allegheny to recover large amounts
of fees claimed by the State. He has been
a receiver of two national banks, and at the
present time is largely engaged in Orphans'
Court practice in the settlement of trust
estates.

In addition to his service in the Auditor
General's department, Mr. Nead has repre-
sented his State in a variety of other ways.
On the commission appointed to revise the
revenue laws of the Commonwealth and
report a new system of taxation to the leg-
islature of 1883, he served by special ap-
pointment, and he was also a member and
secretary of the commission of six expert
accountants appointed the same year to de-
vise a new system of keeping the accounts
of the State. During the two terms of Gov-



ernor Pattison's administration, Mr. Nead
filled by his appointment the position of
State financial agent for Pennsylvania at
Washington, D. C. In September, 1894, he
was appointed by the Comptroller of Cur-
rency at Washington to take charge, as re-
ceiver of the defunct National Bank of
Middletown, Pennsylvania, and to settle up
its affairs. In 1904 he was president of the
Harrisburg Board of Trade, and in 1905
served as vice-president of the Municipal
League of Public Improvement.

Politically, Mr. Nead has always been
an ardent Democrat, and as a young man
was active both in State committee work
and on the stump. During the Greeley and
Buckalew campaign of 1872 he was chair-
man of the Democratic committee of Frank-
lin county, and in 1874 served by appoint-
ment as secretary of the Democratic State
committee. In 1887, when the new rules
for the party were adopted and the office
of permanent secretary was created, Mr.
Nead was chosen as the first incumbent,
filling the office so acceptably that he served
by reelection seven successive years, the
position, at the end of that time, being
made an appointive one under the State
chairman. In 1894 he was unanimously
nominated for Congress in his district, but
having just entered upon his duties as re-
ceiver of a national bank, under Federal
appointment, he withdrew from the ticket.
In various ways Mr. Nead is identified
with religious and other public activities,
serving as trustee of the Young Men's
Christian Association, the Loysville Or-
phans' Home, and the Public Library Asso-
ciation, and as elder and vestryman of Zion
Lutheran Church, Harrisburg. In 1905 he
was president of the Dauphin County Bar
Association, and he is now president of the
Yale Alumni Association of Central Penn-
sylvania. He is a member of the following
societies: American Historical Associa-
tion; Pennsylvania Historical Society;
Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania; His-
torical Society of Dauphin County (vice-

952



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



president) ; Pennsylvania Federation of
Historical Societies (elected president for
1914) ; Kittochtinny Historical Society ;
Lycoming County Historical Society ; Penn-
sylvania-German Society (president 1906) ;
Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the
Revolution ; and the Authors' Club, of Lon-
don, England. He is a past master and
Royal Arch Mason ; past exalted ruler of
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks;
a past regent of the Royal Arcanum, and a
representative in the supreme council of
that order.

Mr. Nead's record in literary work is long
and noteworthy. From 1874 to 1877 he
was legislative correspondent of a number
of leading Democratic newspapers, in 1887
he was editor-in-chief of the Harrisburg
"Daily Patriot," and in 1889 editor-in-chief
of the Harrisburg "Morning Call." His pub-
lications include the following: "Sketches
of Early Chambersburg" (1872); "Nead's
Guide to County Officers" (1875); "The
Colonial and Provincial Laws of Pennsyl-
vania, 1667-1700" (1878); "Historical
Notes on the Legislative Councils and As-
semblies of Pennsylvania, 1623-1700"
(1878) ; "A Brief Review of the Financial
History of Pennsylvania, 1682-1881"
(1881); "Waynesboro — A Centennial His-
tory" (1900). He has also published a
number of historical monographs, illustrated
and otherwise (newspaper and magazine
sketches) : "General Thomas Proctor, of
the Revolution" ("Pennsylvania Historical
Magazine," 1880) ; "James McLene, one of
the Unmentioned Men of Mark, &c." ("His-
torical Register" — Interior Pennsylvania,
1883) ; "Brave Mollie of Monmouth" ; "The
Origin of Protection in Pennsylvania" ;
"The Story of the Mason and Dixon Line" ;
"Ye Trial of ye Longe Finne" (Swedish) ;
"Seedtime and Harvest in Pennsylvania" ;
"The Early Lottery as a State Subsidy,"
etc. (Philadelphia "Press," Harrisburg
"Telegram," etc.). Among his public ad-
dresses and lectures and papers read are
the following: "The Pennsylvania-German



in Civil Life" (before Pennsylvania-Ger-
man Society, 1894) ; "In the Footprints of
Pennsylvania's Past"; "England, Country-
side and Metropolis"; "Historical Shrines
of Old England"; "An Age of Iron"; "The
Scotch-Irish Movement in the Cumberland
Valley of Pennsylvania" (Eighth Scotch-
Irish Congress, 1896) ; "The Town of
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and its Historic En-
vironment" (Tenth Scotch-Irish Congress,
1901); "Past Blessings— Present Duties"
(Harrisburg "Old Home Week" oration,
1905) ; "Evolution of the Judiciary System
of Pennsylvania (Bar Association, 1906);
"Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in State
and Nation Building" (Kittochtinny Histor-
ical Society, 1903) ; "Some Hidden Sources
of Fiction" (Historical Society of Dauphin
County, 1909). The last mentioned was a
criticism of Sir Gilbert Parker's novel, "The
Scats of the Mighty," and attracted no little
attention not only in this country but also
in England.

Mr. Nead married, October 14, 1875, at
Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, Elizabeth
Jane, youngest daughter of David and
Nancy (Cohvell) Hayes, of Middle Spring,
Pennsylvania, and they became the parents
of two sons: Benjamin Frank, born De-
cember 27, 1877; and Robert Hayes, born
March 9, 1880. Both these children were
born at Harrisburg. Mrs. Nead died Janu-
ary II, 1883, and Mr. Nead married (sec-
ond), January 21, 1892, at Harrisburg,
Annie Elizabeth, youngest daughter of
Nicholas and Maria (Gilbert) Zollinger, of
that city. The death of Mrs. Nead occurred
October 25, 1906. Mr. Nead's elder son,
Benjamin Frank Nead, graduated from the
Yale Law School in the class of 1901, and
is now the junior partner of the law firm
of Nead & Nead. He married, April 20.
1910. Margaretta Rote, of Harrisburg. Rob-
ert Hayes Nead, the younger son, graduated
from Yale, academic department, class of
1904. He is in the service of the Pennsyl-
vania railroad, freight department, and re-
sides at Ardmore. Pennsylvania.



953



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



LAZEAR, Thomas C,

ZiaTryer, Prominent Citizen.

The bar of Pittsburgh, distinguished from
the beginning, has grown in lustre with the
passing years, and among those who during
the last half century have most ably upheld
its lofty standards of character and learn-
ing Thomas C. Lazear occupies a foremost
place. For many years Mr. Lazear has
been an acknowledged leader of his profes-
sion in the Iron City, and for as long a
period has been numbered among her sterl-
ing citizens.

Thomas Lazear, grandfather of Thomas
C. Lazear, was born March 31, 1771, in
Greene county, Pennsylvania, and there for
twenty-seven years served as justice of the
peace. The family is of French origin, and
the ancestors of Thomas Lazear were of
the Huguenot faith. On coming to Amer-
ica they first settled in Maryland, afterward
removing to Greene county, Pennsylvania,
prior to its formation from part of Wash-
ington county. Thomas Lazear married
Elizabeth Braddock, second cousin of Gen-
eral Edward Braddock, of colonial fame,
killed in 1755 in the famous battle with the
Indians at Braddock's field. Thomas Lazear
died November 16, 1858.

Jesse Lazear, son of Thomas and Eliza-
beth (Braddock) Lazear, was born in
Greene county, and was known as General
Lazear. For forty years he was cashier of
the Farmers' and Drovers' Bank, an insti-
tution which is largely indebted to his finan-
cial ability. He was active in public affairs,
and during the Civil War served for two
years as the Congressional representative
of his district. For many years he was an
elder in the Presbyterian church. General
Lazear married Frances Burbridge, like
himself, a native of Greene county, and they
were the parents of a son, Thomas C, men-
tioned below. The death of General Lazear,
which occurred September 2, 1867, deprived
Pennsylvania of an astute financier and a
prominent and public-spirited citizen.



Thomas C. Lazear, son of Jesse and Fran-
ces (Burbridge) Lazear, was born May 29,
1 83 1, at Waynesburg, Greene county, Penn-
sylvania, and received his early education
in Greene Academy, at Carmichael's, in his
native county. In 1848 he entered Wash-
ington College, graduating in 1850, with
first honors. He then spent three years in
the study of the law, acting meanwhile as
teller in a bank, and also holding the pro-
fessorship of languages in Waynesburg
College. In 1853 he entered Dane Law
School of Harvard University, graduating
in 1855 with the degree of Bachelor of
Laws.

Returning to his native town, Mr. Lazear
practiced for three years in partnership with
R. W. Downey, his former preceptor, and
in February, 1858, removed to Pittsburgh,
where he acquired an extensive clientele
and has for many years stood in the front
rank of his profession. Gentle and courte-
ous, yet firm, courageous and honest, he is
particularly fitted for affairs requiring exec-
utive and administrative ability, and pos-
sesses all the attributes of a successful law-
yer, being capable, well balanced and con-
scientious and combining integrity of char-
acter and moral uprightness with a rare ap-
preciation of the two sides of every ques-
tion.

As a true citizen, Mr. Lazear has ever
manifested a deep and sincere interest in
all that concerned the welfare of Pittsburgh,
and in politics has always adhered to the
Democratic party. He is frequently con-
sulted in regard to matters of municipal
importance. Ever ready to respond to any
deserving call made upon him, he is widely
but unostentatiously charitable. He is an



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