John Whitehead.

The judicial and civil history of New Jersey online

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THE Boston History Company, Publishers


1 ff^T,.- tliP name "lust." is soniclinies fouiul wriUen "Juct.
Paee 2. line 7 from bottom, the name jusu

and he is also described as "clerk.- as well as -mate.
Page 2. line 5 from bottom, for "were" read "^'^^; ..

PaL 13. line 11 from bottom, for "1G33-34." read " 1603-04.
Paee 28, line 7 from bottom, for "joint" read "Lieut.
Pase 94 line 7 from bottom, for "1665" read " 16oo.
Page 99, line 21, for "grantors" read "grantees.
Page 100 line 12 from bottom, for "West read East.
Page 111 line 20, dele letter "s" in word "patents.


To my brethren of the Bar of New Jersey, I dedicate this work,
bej^-iin witli distrust, continued under multiplied obstacles and com-
l)leted with a c^n'^iiiiimiii^s of Its many defects.

Morris I t»\VN, X. J.
June, is;*:.



ciiai*ti:r I.

First Discovery ; Sebastian Cabot; John Verrazzano; Stephen Gomez; Henry
Hudson; Just's Journal ; Hudson's Explorations in Newark Bay and Hud-
son River; Claims tothe Country by the English and Dutch Settlers in New
Jersey; Hergen County Settled by Hollanders; Dutch Names of Families;
(irant to Sir Edmund IMoyden ; Dutch Settlements in Southern New Jersey;
Grants of I^and in New Jerstv to Hollanders; Swedish Occupation of South-
ern New Jersey 1-13


(irant to the Duke of York by Charles H; Copy of Letters Patent Making the
Grant; Attack on New Amsterdam by Col. Richard Nicolls; Attack on
Southern Districts of New Jersey by Sir Robert Carre; Subjugation of New
Netherlands by the English ; Terms Granted to the Dutch on the Surren-
der; Results of Rule by the Dutch; Grant of New Jersey to Berkeley and
Carteret by the Duke of York; Copy of Release; Name of New Jersey — how
Derived ; Lord Berkeley and Sir ( ieorge Carteret ; Discussion of Right of
English King to Transfer Governmental Authority ; Distinction between
the Letters Patent to York and the by him to Berkeley and Carteret;
Methods Adopted by the English Crown for Government of Colonies in
America ; Grants and Concessions of Berkeley and Carteret 13-32


Grants and Concessions of the Lords Proprietors; Lord Baltimore and Mary-
land; Roger Williams and Rhode Island; Copy of Grants and Concessions;
Elizabeth Town; Grants by Governor Nicolls of Land in New Jersey; Con-
ditions of Legislative and Judicial Affairs in New Jersey; Settlement of


Newark- Characteristics of its First Settlers; Fundamental Agreements:

^ ' 32-50

Copy - - -


Copy of Commission of Nicholls, as Governor; Effect of his Commission ; Proc-
lamation by Nicholls ; Application by Six Inhabitants of Jamaica for Liberty
to Buy Land upon which to Settle in New Jersey ; Terms of Proclamation
Issued by Nicholls; Deed by Indian Sachems; Extract from Deed by Nich-
olls; Indian Title to John Baker and Others; Monmouth Grant or Patent;
Copy of Monmouth Patent; Description of Country Conveyed by that Grant;
Title to Lands in New Jersey; Indian Title; Dutch Title; Title from Gover-
nor Nicholls; Title from the Lords Proprietors; Crown Lands; Title from
the King; Right of Sovereignty Claimed and Exercised by Lords Pro-
prietors; Charles IPs new Grant to York; Lease and Release to Sir
George Carteret for East Jersey; Directions, etc.. of Carteret; New Com-
mission as Governor of East Jersey to Philip Carteret; Copy of Com-
mission to Philip Carteret; Treatment of Indians by First Colonists of New
Jersey; Deed of Berkeley to John Fenwick and by Fenwick to Penn and
Others; Quintipartite Deed; Division into East Jersey and West Jersey; In
New Grant Berkeley's Name not Mentioned, nor that of his Assignees; Deed
to Fenwick Mentioned in Quintipartite Deed; Fenwick Cf»nveyed to William
Penn and Others; Edward Billinge; Tripartite Deed Executed by John
Fenwick, Edward Billinge, William Penn and Others; Tripartite Deed Vests
East Jersey in Sir George Carteret and West Jersey in William Penn and
his Associates; Some Landholders Deny the Title of Carteret and Penn;
Question as to Berkeley's Title; Edmund Andross, Governor; Berkeley and
Carteret Act in Concert; Charles II Recognizes Carteret's Title; Andross
Issues Proclamation Affirming Prior Grants; Andross Claims Authority Over
New Jersey, Imprisons John Fenwick and Arrests Governor Carteret; His
Acts Repudiated by York; Condition of Titles to Land in New Jersey;
Mode of Obtaining Title. •"•1-82


Legislation Vested in Governor and Council and Deputies; Freemen; General
Assembly; Legislature, Two Bodies; Acts Must be Approved by Both
Bodies; Gov. Carteret Published Proclamation for Meeting of Legislature;
First Legislature Met May 20, 1668; Six Townships Represented; Bergen,
its Settlement and History; Patroons; Patroon Van Rensselaer; Michael
Paauw ; Harsimus ; Elizabeth Town; Augustine Heerman; Cornelius Werck-
hoven; Negotiations between Dutch and Puritans of New England; Robert
Treat; Company of Royal Adventurers Trading with Africa; Robert Vau-
quellin; Four Families from Jamaica; Philip Carteret Governor of New
Jersey; Carteret Acknowledges Title Granted by Gov. Nicholls; Carteret
and his Immigrants did not Settle Elizabeth Town ; Associates of the Four


Families from Jamaica; Names of Associates; First Lot, Second Lot and
Third Lot Rights; Town Meetinjjs; John <')gden, jr., Jacob Mollins, Dep-
uties to First Legislature from Elizabeth Town ; Newark ; Division of Land
in Newark; The Principal Streets; William Campe; Relation of the People
of Newark to the Church ; Jasper Crane and Rt)bert Treat First Deputies
from Newark to the Legislature; John Bailey, Daniel Denton, Luke Watson
and their Associates; Daniel Pierce; Woodbridge; Piscataway; Convey-
ance to Daniel Pierce; John Bishop, Robert Dennis, Deputies from Wood-
bridge; Charter to Woodbridge; Piscataway; Second Baptist Church in
New Jersey; Middletown ; Romantic Incident Connected with its Settle-
ment; Legislation Exercised by the Patentees of the Monmouth Patent and
Deputies Chosen by Middletown, Shrewsbury and Portland Poynt; First
Legislature in New Jersey; James Grover, John Bound, Richard Harts-
borne; Shrewsbury; Action of Middletown on Legislature which Met at
Elizabeth Town May, 1G08; Delegates from Middletown and Shrewsbury
Rtfuse to Tiike ihc ( );ith of Allegiance aiitl'are Dismissed 82-113


Importance oi First Legislature; Characteristics of Deputies; Names and
Sketches of the (lovernor's Council; Nicholas N'erlet, Dauiel Pierce, Robert
B<)nd. Samuel Edsali.Ro])ert Vauquellinand William Pardon ; Sketch of James
Bollen, Secretary of Council; Laws Passed liy the First Legislature; Num-
ber and Character of; Thirteen Crimes Punishable with Death; l)iscontent
of Colonists; Governor Carteret Becomes Un]iopular; His Characteristics;
Character of the Thirty Immigrants who came with Carteret; Carteret
Claimed the Right to Make them "Freemen;" Grievance of Middletown
and Shrewsbury; the Inhabitants of the Two Towns Attack the Legality of
the Election of Deputies; Second Session of the Legislature; Names of Dep-
uties; Continued in Session Four Days; Message fnjin Deputies to Gover-
nor and Council; Answer to the Message; (juarrel Between Governor and
Colonists about Ouil Rent ; Discussion of Propriety of Objections to Payment;
Newaik's Action; Carteret's Behavior and Action; Colonists Elect a Legis-
lature, which Appoints James Carteret Governor; Philip Carteret goes to
England; Settlements on East Bank of Delaware; Peter Jegon and F'abrus
Cutout, Delegates from "Delaware River;" Legislature did not Convene
for Seven Years; Members of Legislature in 1G75; Philip Carteret goes to
England; Legislature of 1675 Passed Thirty-seven Acts; Thirty-seventh
Act; Places of Meeting from 1675 to 1681 ; Oaths of " Fedility" and Allegi-
ance; First Thanksgiving Day; Re enacting Laws Pa-ssed ; West New Jer-
sey Proprietors Offer Terms to Immigrants; Concessions and Agreements;
(Quakers in New Jersey; Governmental Authority to Proprietors of West
Jersey; Commissioners and their Powers; No Oath Required from Officers
or Witnesses; Indians Protected; Mi.xed Juries; Election of Legislators;
Penalty for Bribery ; Liberty of Speech ; Power of Legislature; Equal Tax-
ation ; Religious Tolerance; First Legislature of West Jersey; Edward


Billinge; Fundamentals; Thomas Ollive; No Punishment for Capital Of-
fences; No Specific Penalties for Certain Offences; Only one Specific Pen-
alty; No Courts Created; Trial by Jury of Twelve Men; Commissioners to
Sit with Jury; In Criminal Cases, Person Injured could Remit Punishment;
Crimes Committed during former Government Remitted; Additions to Stat-
utes; Land made Liable for Debts; Attachments: Security Required Be-
fore Arrest in Civil Cases; Conveyances of Estates of Married Women;
Quotations from Statutes in Both Provinces; Records of Deeds and Other
Documents; Comparison of Laws of Both Provinces; Act for "Establish-
ing" Schoolmasters jn East Jersey 114-15G


York Claims Riglit to Impost Duties; Claim Resisic-ii; correspondence between
York's Private Secretary and Andross; Commissioners of West Jersey
Protest against York's Claim; The Duke Consults with Sir William Jones;
Jones Decides against the Clami ; The Duke Directs Deed of Confirmation,
or Release, to be Prepared; Deed Executed to William Penn and Associ-
ates, Releasing the Claim ; Condition of Affairs in New Jersey Prior to the
Beginning of the Eighteenth Century; Weakness of Proprietary Govern-
ment; The Earl of Perth and Lord Campbell; Written Protest of Commis-
sioners against the Claim to Impost Duties; Inducements to the Pro-
prietors to Surrender the Government; Negotiations for Surrender with
William and Mary; " Memorial " from Proprietors of East Jersey to Council
of Trade; Conditions upon Which Surrender Would be Made; Answer to
"Memorial;" United Petiti<jn from Both Proprietors to the Lords Justices;
Perth Amboy, Its Advantages as a Port of Entry; Reply of Pri>prietors to
the Answer of Councilor Trade; Joint Memorial of Proprietors to King;
Opinion of Board of Trade on the (Jucstion of Surrender; In 1702 Anne Be-
comes Oueen ; Surrender, 15th of April, 1702; Accepted by the Oueen; Corn-
bury Becomes Governor and the Two Provinces Consolidated ; Conse(juen-
cesof Surrender; "Grants and Concessions " and "Concessions and Agree-
ments " Cease to Have Any Force; " Iustructi<)ns" to Cornbury; Their
Character; Quotations from Them; Comparison between "Instructions"
and the "Grants and Concessions"; Sketch of Lord Cornbury; he is Re-
moved in 1708 156-178


Change of (lovcrnmcnt ; Only one Governor Prior to llie Divisiiui; I'niiip Car-
teret; Quarrel between Him and the Legislature: Robert Barclay, Govern-
or; Sketch of; Thomas Rudyard Deputy; Sketch of ; Gawen Lawrie, Dep-
uty, Sketch of; Lord Neill Campbell, Deputy; Lawrie and Rudyard
Removed for Disobedience; Correction of Date of Barclay's Term ; Tatham
and Dudley; Moneybaird's Eccentric Devise; Andrew Hamilton Substituied
Deputy; Sketch of; Andross's Invasion ; His Arrest ; Question as to Legality


of Hamilton's Commission ; Removed; Jeremiah Basse; Sketch of; Andrew
Bowne; Question as to Hamilton Decided in his Favor; Edward Billinge,
Governorof West Jersey ; Samuel Jennings, Deputj'; Daniel Coxe, Governor
of West Jersey: Sketch of; Andrew Hamilton Reinstated; Sketch of Daniel
Coxe; Legislature of the Whole Province After the Surrender ; Cornbury,
Governor; How Legislature Constituted ; Thomas Gardiner, Speaker; Leg-
islature Demands Certain Rights; Speech of Cornbury; Law about Purchase
of Land from Indians; Process of Enacting a Law; Laws Introduced;
Richard Hartshorn's Right as Delegate. Challenged ; Journal of the Votes
of the Legislature; Controversy between I egislature and Cornbury about
Raising Money ; Cornbury Dissolves the Legislature; Cornbury Attempts
to Control the Elections; L^nsuccessful ; The Right of Gardiner, Lambert
and Wright to Sit as Delegates. Challenged; They were Rejected; After a
Year's Time, Admitted; Qualifications of Voters; of Representatives; Serv-
ility of Legislature of 1704 to Governor; Change of Action of the Assembly;
Legislature Refused to Raise any Money for Payment of Governor's Salary;
Governor Prorogues the Legislature until 170G; During the Vacation, Dis-
content; Third Assembly Met April 5, 1707; Address of Governor; Assem-
bly Considers Speech in Committee of the Whole; William Anderson, Clerk
of the House, and the Assembly Quarrel; Legislature Unanimously Decide
that Committee of the Whole has a Right to Select its Own Secretary; Corn-
bury Makes Another Speech; Assembly Stand Firm; Matter Referred to
Governor; Anderson Discharged; Remonstrance Against Governor; Thir-
teen Grievances; Remonstrance Presented to Governor; Incidents Accom-
panying Presentation to the Governor; Answer of Governor; Peter Faucon-
nier, Receiver General; Legislature Require His Vouchers; Action of Leg-
islature; Quarrel between Governor and Assembly Brought to the Attention
of the Queen ; She Dismisses Cornbury ; Lewis Morris Rival Candidate for
Governor with Cornbury ; Comparison of Proprietary and Royal Rule ; Lord
Lovelace, Governor; Sketch of; Governors Address; Reply; Lieutenant-
Governor Ingoldsby and Part of Council Write a Letter to the Queen ; First
Issue of Pajjcr Currency; Legislature Adjourned to November, 1709; Love-
lace Dies; Succeeded by Robert Hunter; Sketch of; Composition of Assem-
bly: Parker Family; Answer to Governor's Speech; Representation by
Counties Appears; Salem, Sketch of; Freehold, Sketch of; Burlington,
Sketch of; Quakers not Permitted to Sit on Juries; Attempt of Legislature
to Remedy this Evil; Council Reject the Law Passed for that Purpose;
Action of the Legislature with Reference to the Letter from Ingoldsby and
Council to Q)ueen ; Members of Council Who Signed Letter Expelled; Leg-
islation of 1718; Slaves; White Servants; Ferry Across the Delaware at
Burlington; Duty on Slaves; Conveyances of Land; Recording of Deeds;
Quakers Permitted to Sit on Juries; George I Becomes King; Legislature
of 1716 ; Opposition to Hunter ; Daniel Coxe, Speaker ; Legislature Prorogued
to May, 1716; Then only Nine Members Appeared; Four Brought in by
Warrant; Speaker Coxe and Absentees Expelled; Some Re-elected, but
Rejected: Legislature of 1717; Acts Appointing Commissioners to Define
Boundary Line Between New Jersey and New York, and Division Line Be-


tween East and West Jersey; William Burnet, Governor: Sketch of; John
Montgomerie, Governor; Lewis Morris. President of Councd. AcUng Gov-
ernor- William Cosby, Governor; Question of Separation from New \ovk
Advocated- John Anderson. Acting Governor; John Hamilton. Acting Gov-
ernor- Separation of the Two Provinces; Lewis Morris. Governor of New
Jersey- Sketch of - Morris's Administration ; Failure of Morris as Governor;
John Hamilton. Acting Governor; Jonathan Belcher. Governor; His Admin-
istration- Influence of French War on the Colony; John Reading. Acting
Governor; Francis Bernard. Governor; Josiah Hardy. Acting (.overnor;
September 1T62. William Franklin Became (iovernor; Last Royal Gov-
ernor; Troubles Between the Mother Country and the Colonies; Franklin s ^


Thirteen Counties in ITTU; First Mention ; Four County Courts; Four Counties
in East Jersey Created in 1682.-Bergen. Essex. Middlesex and Monmouth;
Boundary Lines; Counties Might be Divided into Townships; Defects in
Description of Lines; Attempts to Remedy Defects; In 16U:J, Counties in
East Jersey Divided into Townships; Somerset County. Boundary- of;
Tenths; Representatives from, not from Counties; Officers Appointed for
Tenths.' not for Counties; Courts at Burlington and Salem; Cape May. its
Boundary, Change in ; Line Between Burlington and Gloucester Changed ;
Burlington; Salem; Cape May; Bcninds of Bergen. Essex. Somerset. Mid-
dlesex Monmouth; Line Between Burlington and Gloucester; Assanpink,
Pensauquin and Old Man's Creeks; Salem; Cape May; Jecak's or West
Creek- Nine Counties in New Jersey at Time of the Surrender; Partition
Lme Between East and West Jersey; Keith Line; Act of 1719 Providing
for Running Partition Line; Lawrence Line; Suit Settling which the Proper
Line; Cornelius vs. (iiberson ; Hunterdon; Hunterdon. Boundary of;
Boundary Line Between Somerset. Middlesex and Monmouth; Morris
County, Boundary of; Part of Essex Annexed to Somerset; Cumberland.
Boundary of; Townships in Cumberland ; Somerset and Morris; Sussex
County. Boundary of; Legislature Passes Act Allowing Counties to Change
Their Boundary Lines; Electors in Morris, Cumberland and Sussex Al-
lowed to Vote in their own County; Each Allowed Two Representatives;
Thirteen Counties in New Jersey in 1776; Townships Made Corporations;
Wards and Precincts; Boundary Lines of Essex. Middlesex. Monmouth.
Salem. Cumberland; Cape May Defined; Warren. Bounds of; Camden.
Bounds of; Ocean, Bounds of; N..w Twcnty-(me Counties in the State.. ..302-32


Third Stage; Statehood; Different Parties; Titles of Acts, by Constitution, Re-
quired in the Name of the Colony, not of the State; This Title Never Used;
Qualifications of Members of the Legislature; Provincial Congress Ap-


proves the Declaration of Independence; Title of Provincial Congress
Changed: Perpetuates Itself ; A Committee of Safety; Recognized by the
Legislature and Called Council of Safety; First Meeting of Council of
Safety; First Assembly of New Jersey Under Constitution; Oaths of Ab-
juration and Allegiance; Three Legislative Bodies; Provision Made to Pre-
vent Errors in Practice of the Courts; Deportment of Inhabitants in Their
Changed Condition; First Legislation; Confiscation of Estates of Tories;
Personal and Real Estate Sold; Change in the Laws of Descent; Court of
Admiralty; Gift to Steuben; His Letter; William Livingston Elected Gov-
ernor ; Sketch of His Lite 828-337


Radical Changes in Government by Constitution of 1776; the Council and As-
sembly; The Governor; No Essential Change in Selection of Judges; People
Approved the Constitution; Second Meeting of the Legislature; Condition
of Affairs in the Colonies at the Breaking out of the War; Jealousy of
Smaller States Towards the Larger Ones; Continental Congress; Three
Plans of Confederation; Franklin's Plan; Galloways's Plan ; Third Plan
Adopted; Delegates from New Jersey; Crisis in Period from 1783 to 1788;
Action of the Colonies During the War; the Articles of Confederation!
Condition of Country at Close of the War; The Wyoming Catastrophe; De-
fects of the Articles; Washington's Anxiety ; His Action with Reference to
a Federal Constitution; Constitutional Convention; Charactor of its Mem-
bers; Three Parties in the Convention; Two Plans in the Convention, the
Virginia and the New Jersey; Action of William Paterson in the Conven-
tion; Outline of the New Jersey Plan; Dissatisfaction with the Constitution;
Washington Aids in its Adoption by the States; Finally Accepted; New
Jersey's Action on the Constitution ; Convention Elected ; Its Action ; Amend-
ments to the Constitution; Advantage of the Constitution to New Jersey;
That Document an Evolution; Action of the Soldiers after Peace; Federal-
ists and Democrats; List of (Jovernors from 177G to 1844 ..338-301


Constitution of 1770 Lacking; Attempt made to Change, in 1790; In 1844, Act
Passed to Elect Members to Convention to Prepare New Constitution ; Provis-
ions of Act; Isaac H. Williamson, President; Alexander Wurts, Vice-Presi-
dent; Mr. Williamson Resigns ;Wurts Elected President; Convention finished
its Labors June 29, 1844; Constitution Signed, Presented to the Governor,
and Filed in Office of Secretary of State; People by Large Majority Ratified
it; Changes in Government Created by New Constitution; Difficulty about
Senatorial Districts; List of Governors Since 1844; Decision of the Courts
as to the Constitutionality of System of Dividing States into Legislative
^'^tricts 36j_3g5


chaptp:r XIII

Courts of New Jersey not Established on any Systematic Plan until the 18th
Century; Population, at first, not Homogeneous; Dutch, Norwegians, Puri-
tans, English, Quakers, Swedes and a few Danes; Unsettled Character of
the Province Prevented any System ; Settlers too Busy in Obtaining Sub-
sistence; Courts not Needed; Division into Two Provinces Retarded Estab-
lishment of Courts; First Court at Bergen in 1661 ; Surrender of Government
to Queen Anne had no Influence on this Court at Bergen ; Court at Newark
Created by Town Meeting in January, 1660; Character of this Court; First
Legislative Action about Courts in 1675; Local Court at Woodbridge in 1668;
Governor Carteret sought Aicj from these Courts; Courts in Monmouth, in
1667 Created by Governor Nicholls, by Patent; Three kinds of Court
Created by Legislature, in 1675; In 1682 Change Made; Courts of Small
Causes; High Sheriff; Court of Cf)mniou Right; Comparison with Modern
Courts; No Rules for fiuidance of Ancient Tribunals; Grand Jury; Courts
of Sessions; In 169;i, Supreme Court of Appeals; Influence of Quakers on
Character of Punishments; Contrast between Penal Code of West Jersey
and that of East Jersey; Thirteen Crimes Punishable with Death in East
Jersey; No Enactment in West Jersey Providing for Death Penalty; In-
fluence of "Concessions and Agreements" on Courts in West Jersey; Court
of Chancery; Constitution of 1776; Courts of Appeals under Constitution of
1776; Defects of this Court; Cornbury's Action Relative to Courts; Creation
of County Circuit Courts; Good Results of these Courts; Pleading in the
Courts; Styles of Action Changed; First Term of Supreme Court in the
Colony; Roger Mompessou ; William Pinhorne; Thomas Gordon; David
Jamison; William Trent; Robert Lettice Hooper; Thomas Farmar; Lewis
Morris; Daniel Coxe; Robert Hunter Morris; William Aynsley; Nathaniel
Jones; Richard Salter; Samuel Nevill ; Charles Read; Frederick Smyth;
David Ogden ; Richard Stockton; David Brearley; Provincial Congress
1776; Rev. Jacob Green; Constitution of 1776; Samuel Tucker; John De
Hart; Robert Morris; John Cleves Symmes; Isaac Smith; James Kinsey;
John Chetwood; Elisha Boudinot; .vndrew Kirkpatrick; William S. Pen-
nington; William Rossell ; Mahlon Dickerson ; Samuel L. Southard;
Gabriel H. Ford; Charles Ewing; George K. Drake; Joseph C. Horn-
blower; John Moore White; Thomas C. Ryerson : William L. Dayton;
Daniel Elmer; James S. Nevius; Ira C. Whitehead; Thomas P. Carpenter;
Joseph F. Randolph; Henry W. Green; E. B. D. Ogden; Lucius Q. C.
Elmer; Stacy G. Potts; Daniel Haines; Peter Vredenberg; Martin Ryer-
son; Edward W. Whelpley; William S. Clawson ; John Van Dyke; George
H. Brown; George S. WoodhuU; Joel Parker; Mercer Beasley; Joseph D.
Bedle; Van Cleve Dalrimple; David A. Depue; Bennet Van Syckel; Ed-
ward W. Scudder; Manning M. Knapp: Jonathan Dixon, jr. ; Alfred Reed;
William J. Magie; Charles Garri.sou ; George C. Ludlow; Gilbert Collins..




Court of Chancery; Discussion in 1709, as to this Court, in Governor's Council;
Opinionsof Richard Stockton, David Ogden, C. J. Frederick Smj'th, Charles
Reed and Samuel Smith. Three Opposed Court; Two Favored It; Court
P2.xisted During and Since Cornburj-'s Time; Cornbury and other Governors
Sworn in as Chancellors; Took Oath as Chancellors, or the General Oath to
" Administer Justice Duly and Impartially ;'" Court at First Unpopular : Con-
stitution of IT'iG Recognized Court ; Governor made Chancellor; Constitution
of 1844 Made Chancellor Independent Officer; Change in Practice of Court
as to Taking Testimony; Appointment of Vice-Chancellors; Names of Pres-
ent Judges of Court; Sketches of Chancellors and Vice-Chancellors 497-527









Beasley, Mercer facing 80 Dixon, Jonathan facing 392

Bedle, Joseph D. facing 192 Dodd, Amzi .facing 400

Bird, John T facing 416 Emery, John R facing 424

Bradley, Joseph P facing 96 Fleming. James facing 304

Cannon. Garrit S facing 312 Frelinghuysen, Frederick T.. facing 200

Online LibraryJohn WhiteheadThe judicial and civil history of New Jersey → online text (page 1 of 120)