John Williams White.

A series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... online

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dearai^; wpo<nJK€L^ 17009(101/ ayeiv. 5. rj \vpa ra<;
(jLepCfJu/as Xv€t. 6. 17 pApipva rrp/ KapSiav ia-dUi.
7. Stio; Simp TtiCTCt KOI fiXdfiyj fiXdfiyjv. 8. 17 tv^^
TToXXaictg fierafioXas ej(€t. 9. T171/ veat/iov dSo-
Xecrxtoi^ ^Ifeyofia/. 10. STra/wtarat 80^9 icot rt/x-ij?
ipaoTOiC eiaipJ 11. at icoi/xat in;Xa9 ovk* €)(ovcrLP,
12. a7r6/hofi€P rat9 Movcrat?.* 13. 17 icaicia XvTnyi'
CTTCtyct. 14. aKovoficp, 5 SecrTTora.® 15. S veau/ia,
(fxpei^ TO fii/SXiov (book) ; 16. 17 iyKpaTeia o-oa^po-
arwTjp €P Ty ^l^^y nicTci. 17. <^tX€t^° n^v TratSct-
cu', 7171' cr(o(f>po(rvp7iP, t^p oX-qOeLOP, rrfp evcrefieiap.
18. 17 TratSeta Tnyy^^^ 7^5 croc^a? iarip}^ 19. -7
Oeoa-e/Setd iaru/ OLp^f) t^« cro^as. 20. ctti Kopv6y
7779 aKpa^ olKia iarip.



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176 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

II. 1. Luxury begets injustice and covetousness.
2. Good behavior befits a citizen.* 3. The nightin-
gales are singing. 4. He bears his^ poverty easily.
5. The soldiers have short swords. 6. The citi-
zens'^^ houses have doors. 7. They are setting
the house on fire. 8. Uprightness befits a judge.

9. They find daggers in^* the houses of the village.

10. The young men admire the satrap's courage.

11. The soldiers, citizens, command the satrap to
destroy the bridge. 12. The (two) soldiers have
daggers. 13. The soldiers are setting the citizens'
houses on fire. 14. We admire the (two) citizens
on account of ^^ their friendship. 15. He commands
the citizens and the hoplites to guard the bridge and
the villages.

NOTES.

• The numeral (IV.) signifies that this set of Exercises is to be taken
after Lesson IV. So the next set is to be taken after Lesson VIII., etc.

• i 141. N. 2.

» i 142, 1, and n., and { 142, 2, n. 2, at the end.

• i 184, 2. » i 141, K. 1 6.

• It becomes. See { 134, n. 2.

' Are, third person plural of the present indicative of ct|iC, to be.
The form is an enclitic, { 27, with 3, and 2 28, with 1.
8 i 29, and § 13, 2.

• The recession of the accent in the vocative of ScoWnit is irregular.
><> The contracted form of ^iXcci, third singular of i^X^m.

** When in a sentence of this kind whose verb is the copula there are
two nominatives, the one with the article is generally the subject. See
i 141. N. 8.

" Third singular of cl)iC. For the accent, see i 2S, 3. For the accent
in the next sentence, see i 28, 2.

" i 142, 1, with ».

" h a 29), with the dative.

^ 6ii2i with the accusative.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 177

n. ITotuiB : Second Declension ITncontracted. (VIII.)

I. 1. Avovuaoi/ rrj^ a/iweXov evperrji/ tkeyoi/}

2. al vrjaoL oTpop kol avrov koL ekaxov iifxpop.

3. TOP rwp 0€cip (tItop Xeyovo'LP oi notrjrai a/jijSpo-
cCav. 4. ain/€Xpv(TL top ran/^ aa/dpamfap jSiop cv-
epyecria kol ri/iri kcu rt/icopta. 5. Kpipci ^tXoi;9 6
KOJipo^. 6. 6 VTTPO^ T^5 pocov (f>dpiiaK6p icTVP.
7. 6 aercy; Xayay; Oijpevti. 8. virpo^ kgX Oaparo^
ctavp aZeX^fxo. 9. 6 Kvpayo^ top Xayoii/ P€^i£Ki[i^
T€drjpaK€P. 10. oi deol rcjp dpdpdTTcop* <f>poprilpV'
cvp. 11. Toif^ Oeovs OepaTTCVcroiJiep. 12. (fxpeiP, Z
SovXc, TOP dwop TG> peapia^ e/ccXevcra. 13. 6 oipo^
eXeXvicct ra? tSxp dpOpdjiroap fiepLfipa^. 14. 6 9apaTo<s
rovs dpOpdirovs dmXvo'e ttopwp.^ 15. (nyrj toIs
ap0p(OTroi^ TLfirfp (f>€p€L. 16. 6 fcaicos^ rots Oeot^ koX
Tot9 dp6p(o7roL^ ixOpos eoTLP. 17. roJ rao>® Trrepd
koTVP.^ 18. Ij' rois t5^ dtSip pe^<s crr^Xai '^o-ai/.^*^
19. reOvKoa-L roh 0eoX<;. 20. 6 aSeX0o9 fiifiXCop
eYpau(f>G/.

n. 1. The (two) bulls draw the wagon. 2. Dan-
ger is a test of courage.^^ 3. We chased ^^ the wolves.

4. The speech delighted the men. 5. The enemy-
were pursuing from^^ the river. 6. The philosophers
wrote books about^* wisdom. 7. The house has
halls. 8. He is leading the bull. 9. The soldiers
find treasures in the temples. 10. The Egyptians
consider the sun and the moon gods.^ 11. They are



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178 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

setting the (two) temples on fire, 12. Wine gladdens
the souls of men. 13. They closed the hall-door.^^
14. The men trusted the satrap's soldiers." 15. The
Samians keep peacocks in honor of Hera,"



« i 166.

' When a noun in Greek is used of a whole clou of objects, it has the
article. This is called the generic article, and often cannot be translated
into English.

• i 188, 1. ' 2 139, 1.

* i 171, 2. • i 184. 4.

* i 184, 1. • J 135, 2.

• i 174.

*• Were, third person plural imperfect indicative of tl^ to he.

" i 141, N. 1 b.

" <SMEa|ifv, i. e. ISu»K-(ro4uv, i 16, 2.

^ d«o. " inp(, with the genitive.

» The door (plural of Ovpa) of the haU, { 142, 1, with v.

" i 184, 2.

" In honor of £era, in Greek simply, — for Hera^ { 184, 3.



m. Verbs : Indicatiye Active. (X.)

I. 1. ore inXTfcid^oiia/, totc oi fidp/Sapoi dve-
^vyov. 2. 6 Sc larpo^ rov avOfHairov depanevceL.

3. 5t€ 17X109 icarcScSvKCt, oi froXd/iiOL enXrjo-Ca^op.

4. avefios yap ov icu^crct mipyop. 5. avvT/KoXov-
drjo-av 8c rSi' arpaTUtnSn/ iramJKOPra. 6. ra roll/
Hepcrciv Upa kcll ol Mfjhoi reniiriKaaw. 7. oi noi-
TjTou rrfv rS>v 'Adrjvauov aperrjv ii€p,y]vvKaxTw. 8. ot
OTrXtrat 7fy6pal(pv oivov. 9. ro^a yap koL (r^€i/8o-
va<; €t;(€TC.^ 10. rous 1^019 iKeKoo-iiTJKCo-ap. 11. oi
crTpaTi&rcu raw rroXeiiuav TpiaKovra 7rc<f)OpevKa'



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FIKST LESSONS IN GREEK. 179

crtv. 12. ttS? Trpdrrei 6 aSeX^os / 13. irewTjaovo't
Koi St^crovcTt Kol pLyda-ovcL kcu aypvuvrjcrovaiv.

14. *A\€^cu/8po<s €KaTOP raXcarra Scipop ive/xxlfo/,

15. etra ra? hitf^Oepas crvvfjyov.^ 16. ro^OTTj^ irv-
<f>\o}(r€ Tvv ^CKlttttov. 17. €X€ipoT6vrj(rcu/ oi ttoKltcu
cTTparriyoik. 18. rov9 Sc avdporirov^: ra irkoia^ aire^
crrepTj/cctrc. 19. rovs TroXtra? Q)<f>€hJK€W. 20. cre-
TeXevTTj/cet 6 OTpaTKorr]^,

II. 1. The young man had written the letter.
2. You have educated your children well. 3. You
sacrificed to the Muses. 4. He led the army for-
ward.^ 5. I have often hunted hares. 6. We
found* gold in the tents. 7. We have called an
assembly of the soldiers. 8. But he banished^ the
citizens. 9. The citizens embraced^ their children.
10. The general collected* his soldiers together in
the plain. 11. We shall command the bowmen to
shoot. 12. For they tried® to surround the villages.
13. He will write a letter to^ the general. 14. He-
has asked the satrap for pay.^ 15. We sent both
targeteers and bowmen upon® the hill.

NOTES.

* See note 1, Lesson V.

• i 26, K. 1.
» i 164.

* Use the imperfect, and see j 103, N.
' Imperfect.

• Aorist.

' tropoy with the accusative.



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180 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

17. A4JeotiTes i First and Second Declension Unoontracted.

(XII.)

I. 1. KoKop <f>vova'i Kapnop oi cr^iwol rpoiroi*
2. 6 po/ios hraxpov^ iarip a^u>^, 09 kcd\v€l koko}^
ayoptvew tou9 ptKpov^. 3. opoi aypioi iv roJ ire.-
SiO) erpexpp. 4. ayadrj rj o£€K(f><op Koa/iopia ioTip,
5. *A$TJpaxs^ 0€La Sd^a iarip. 6. ck rwip airophiop
elpTJpTjp fiefiaCap i)(oiJL€P. 7. at rw ayadtop at/Opd-
TTCJP <f>iXiai fiifioLol eUrip, 8. KaXi7i^ 6>Si7i/ aSei.
9. ira/)* icrdXcop^ icrd\a /lapdapeis* 10. Trtcrros
iralpos tS>p dya0(op* t€ koL tiop KaKwp fierexj^u
11. oi aphpeioL ayrjpa^p eirau/op Xafifidpovo'iiP. 12. 6
Orfpetrni^ <f>t\60yipo<: ^p koc f^tXt-jrwos. 13. kcu vvp
hvo KaXd T€ Kayado)^ crrparuoTa rerekevriJKaTOP,
14. €v^(t}POL yap ^(rap, 15. oi 0€ol rots ayaOols^
lk€(6 eUrtp. 16. KCLL io'KTJprio'ap ip oi#ciai9 KoXal?
fieoTais CLTov. 17. oi deoi ra Xonra iirerikea-cu/.

18. Kvpos yap ^SacrtXiicd? t€ koI ap^i^ip^ a^to9 '^i'.

19. VTTcp ya/) r^9 Kd/irj^ yijXcH^o? icaXos iji/. 20. 6

/XCI/ ® KVKPOS XCVKO?, O 8^ TOO)? TTOiKtXo^ COTU'.

II. 1. The valor of the Spartans® was wonderful.
2. The road was impassable. 3. The villages were
close together. 4. The land was fertile. 5. The
hoplites have beautiful arms. 6. The gods were
propitious. 7. (There) is another road. 8. The sol-
diers were without breakfast. 9. The gods are both
free from old age and immortal. 10. The young



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 181

man was fond of danger. 11. White clouds were
hiding the sun. 12. You were criminal and unjust.
13. The road was long, but nevertheless passable by
wagons. 14. The citizens were faithful and constant.
15. They are singing beautiful songs in the theatre.



' i 178. IT. • i 186, and 1 184, 2.

• i 184, 4. » i 261, 1, with n.

> I 139, 1. 8 See note 10, Lesson XIX.

* I 170, 2. » J 142, 1, with n.
» kqX flyaeii^ 3 11, 1, with a.



y. Honns and Adjectives : Oontracts of the First and Second
Declensions. (XIV.)

I. 1. ot Ilc/ocrat dvovaiv rikio} kox yrj kolL aeXijinj.
2. vevpa KOLL oara 6 ai/dpcairo^ ej^et. 3. at nap-
0€i/oi a/ Kavot^ Tov^ Kapirow ^povaiv. 4. ot
dyadol TToXtrat rovs cu/ov^ hyjixayciyyoifs ^vyovaw,

6. ot OllOiOL TOt9 OIloCoiS €VVoC CtO'U^. 6. CLTrXoV^ 6

rfj^ dXTj^cta? \6yo^ iarw. 7. o aot8o9 XP"^^^^
(rfdjirrpov (fyepei. 8. \evKa veKpZv oara io'Tw^ iv
ToJ amp(a. 9. at rSiv deZv aifia^ai dpyvpov<s rpoxov^
e^ovaiy. 10. ot TrXovcrtot ck xpvcrwv tcvTreKKwp^
(nrcpBovo'LP. 11. eSi/ot <^Xot roifs klpBwovs d/jLv-
vovm Ty Trpovoiff,.^ 12. ot dyadol <f>Ckoi tnarov vovu
€)(pv(Tiv. 13. o ttXovs ioTw aSiyXo? rot? i/avrat?.
14. 6 o;(Xo5 ouK ej^et vow. 15. ovk ipitpfiei/ rots
oi^ts.^ 16. at OepaTraivoL a/ kolvols top dprop TrpocT'



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182 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

if>efX)voru^. 17. 6 yap Odvaros icm xoKkov^ vttvo^}
18. 7rXouro9 oii/€u vov ofioCco^ Iotw a^-qoTo^^ caairep
Lirwo^ Svev xaKivov. 19. i/eO/sa Kot oora ai/Opci'Trwv
(l>0apTd ia-TU/} 20. 6 /le/ 17X109 (nfxiipa XP^^» V
8c (Tckijvyj apyvpa eti/OL^ <f>aCveraL.

II. 1. They are carrying golden fruit* in a sil-
ver basket. 2. The bones of Orestes were at Tegea.

3. The gods afforded' the sailors'^ a fair voyage.

4. The goblet is of silver. 5. A kindly word light-
ens pain. 6. We have friends (that are) well dis-
posed. 7. Xenias was well disposed to Cyrus.
8. The man's speech was simple. 9. The young
man was admiring the golden goblet. 10. Shall
the soldiers trust the senseless general? 11. We
will not obey a senseless man.® 12. The voyage
was down* stream. 13. There are stones in the
current of the river. 14. Senseless (men) give way
to their desires.® 15. We admire the skill of
Hermes.

NOTES.

> J 135, 2. • Plural.

« i 188, 1. » Dative, { 184, 1.

3 i 186, N. 1. « § 184, 2.

* i 136. • Kara, with the accusative.

^ To be, present infinitive of cC|&C



YI. Yerba: Indicative Middle. (XV.)

I. 1. ovK ineidero. 2. irepi t(op kolp&p i/SovXev-
ovTo. 3. 6 <^iXdcro^9 pjidy/^^ kcu XaXias TrdiiwoiP



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 183

Hn€L)(€ro. 4. ol TToXiiJLioi iwl *K6riva<; Tropevaovrax.

5. ir^pl rrj^ tZp noXLTciv (rcDrrjpCa^ /SovXevarofjLeda.

6. CTTt Toif^ ndpa'a^ TreTTopevmrau 7. o Troirirri^
Xoyov ireTTOLTjTai -Trcpl dp€Tf}<;. 8. oi TroXtrat o-troi/
(Twd^ova-w, a>^ dpoffovrai iv ry trokiopKit^. 9. ot
TToXtrat rot"? v6iioi<; Treicromai, 10. ra 8* erepa Tra/oa
^€ft>i^ 'gTr)KrdfiyiP. 11. ras ttJ? oticta? ^u/oa? cfceicXeiro.

12, iwoLTJo'aa'dc rov^ KCj/nJTW T<a (rarpdirg €ui^ov<s.

13, (rvperd^apTo^ oi OTpariwraL cog ct9 P'd)(r]v.

14, orparrjyoxf^ alprja-oinai aXXov9, ct /LL17 /SovXerai
KXjeapxos dwdyew. 15. T171/ ^SacriXetav 6 8'5fto9
cXcXvTo* 16. in ipyaxrCai/ rpopojiaL, 17. ot 8c
SovXoc cXouo-aj^o. 18. ivevoirjro woXefiov ivi rov
(rarpdirrjv aw rots or/oarttorats. 19. ot TroXtrat
Toif^ veavta^ CTratScvaayro.* 20. ot crrpatiiOTai iv
Toy TTcStw 8ta(r7rctpoiTat.

II. 1. We will deliberate about the safety of the
citizens. 2. He did not obey* the Thirty. 3. The
philosophers exhorted the citizens to* self-control.
4. We will obey God rather than men. 5. Cyrus
enslaved^ the Medes. 6. We had deliberated with-
out anger. 7. The soldiers bathed in the river.
8. They procured * themselves arms from the neigh-
boring villages. 9. The villagers are warding off
danger from themselves. 10. The men will guard®
themselves against their enemies. 11. The hoplites
accordingly were arming themselves for battle.
12. A cloud of dust is seen * in the plain. 13. We



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184 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

immediately sent for boats and arms. 14. The
army had already proceeded to the villages above tiie
river. 15. The villagers, therefore, are deliberating
how they shall persuade the satrap.



' 2 1V4.

* j 188, 1. For the following verb, see rpt^,

* Aorist middle of owrorrw.

* i 199, N. 2. ' Aorist.

^ Imperfect. ^ The future of ^uXdm* is ^Xo|».

^ irpos* • Is seen, i. e. appears.



Vn. Honns : Uute or Liquid Stems of the Third Declension.

(XVII.)

I. 1. ot ftci/^ yv7rc9 P€OTT€vov(rLP im werpaL^
air poor ^aToi^y ol hk oprvy^^ Kai TrcpStfccs iiri 7^9
7179. 2. ij *lvhiK7) X^P^ ^^^ <^X€)8a9 Karayctovs
TTcu/ToBaTrcjp jierdWcjp. 3. ra aarpa ras &pa^ t^s
z/VKTo? ifi<f>apCC,€L. 4. at wovripai cXttiSc?, eScTTrcp
ot icaKot oSr/yoL, iwl ra a/jLapnjfiaTa a,yov(rw.

5. ra fiadijfiaTa tov9 1^0 vs airorpiir^i aixapTTjfidro)!/,

6. ^oXcTrat (f>poin'iB€^ ctcrt XvTny/oot rp ^XV" ^' '^^^^
yepovo'iv iTreiOovro oi veca/iat. 8. Stfcatoi/ icrnv
virkp 7779 7raT/)t8o9 crrpareika-daL. 9. ''H<^atoT09 toi
TToSc^ Xa)X69 ^i'. 10. ctKor(U9 r^i' dj(a/otoTtaj/ ijye-
/xwa CTTt ra aixr)(pd \4yovcnv. 11. at doTrt8c9
fiLKpal ^orav, 12. ot Xcoi^€9 apird^ovo'L rrjv dypcu/

rot9 OW^l^ KoX TOLS KpaT€pOL<S oSoCcTCy. 13. T^9

Tj/jLcpa^* oi dXXot opvL0es rrfp ykavKa rO^kova-w.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 185

14. x^t/o X^^P^ vitjei. 15. TO xp^^^^ ^^ ^vpl fia-
<T<Wi(,ofi€P. 16. CLTTO TTj^ vrjiTov €ts Aifivrjv ttXovs
ioTLP r/fjiepw^ Kot wkto^, 17. oi voiiiepe^ ra?
TSiv alyiov dyeXa? €t9 tov9 Xct/xcSj/ag cXavi/ovcrti^.

18. 6 KTJpV^ TOU9 ''EXXlJI/a? CKCXCUGTC CrTpaT€V€(r0aL.

19. ore o KTJpv^ inhriaCa^ep, oi <^irya8c9 air€if>€vyop.

20. ot TratScs ra crco/Liara yvfwatfivo'U^ aw ir6voi%
Kot LOpont.

11. 1. The boys play. 2. The shepherd is driv-
ing the goats. 3. They drive their horses with whips.
4. We will not honor flatterers. 5. An ant's life is
full of toil. 6. Cyrus leaped down from his chariot.
7. Favor begets favor, strife (begets) strife. 8. The
orator refrains from unseemly strife. 9. (There) was
a fight once of the giants^ against the gods. 10. The
king is come with his army. 11. In difficult affairs
few companions are faithful. 12. The Greeks pour
out bowls of milk to the gods as offerings. 13. The
shepherds wonder at the armies. 14. The boys will
taste the milk.*^ 15. (There) were both quail and
cock fights® among the Athenians.

NOTES.

' See note 10, Lesson XIX. * § 167, 5.

» I 160, 1. • i 184. 4.

» i 188. 1. ' § 171, 2.

* i 179, 1. * Contests of qtuiils and of cocks.



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186 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Vm. Verbs: XndioativePaBBive. (XVIII.)

I. 1. Gxi/oiidtjEro (rayrfip rfj^ rraTpiho^, 2. oi
XTyoTol 7r€(f>6i/evvTaL vwo r&v iroKvriav, 3. hvo
a&€\(fHo VTTO rov avTov^ StScuricaXov Tr€7rouS€v<T0ov.
4. roL^ deoi^ vtto tw ^AdijivaJuav iroiOkoi i^a> IZpw-
rat. 5. 'BoKi^Snnos vm iireirau&evG'Orfv a/ ^Trdprrj.
6. oi TTvXat Kekhjeiaovrai. 7. at hyjfioKparLaL vno
tS)p rvpdvi^cjv icaTcXvftycrai/. 8. 6 X2/OT179 <f>ov€V'
6rj(rerai. 9. oi crrparuiyraL irpo? Toif<: TroXcftibv?
iroptv^a-dax iKekevtrdria'av. 10. Sndprq vore vm
(T€L(rfJLOv hewcjs iceiadT]. 11. o ttoXc/llo? Kar^irav-
ardrj. 12. 17 crvvdrjiaj vtto tS>v fiapfidpwv XeXirrat.

13. 8vo KoKa) tTTTrft) ct9 7771^ KCjfiTfv yjIkavuiaOTjv.

14. cos (Aot^) oi "EXXiyi/es iiropevdrfO'OiVy iv roJ e/i-
irpoada/ Xoyoi SeSTTXoirat. 15. ravra vno tS>v ttoXc-
fitwr imTrpaKTo.^ 16. MiXTtaSiys wofidt^ero (rayrffp
TYJ<s 'EXXaSos. 17. TO o-Zfia rov KpoKoheiXov ^av/ia-
OTcSs a}xvpa}Tai. 18. o' nokeiKo dnoKCKwhvi^va-eraL
rd T€ xprjfiaTa kcu al \pv)(ai 19. Kvpos CTratScvero
orvi^ rots aXXots iraio-iv. 20. ro oTpdTevfia ovrws
i7reL(rdrj • * McWi/ 8c aui^Xe^e to iavTov * arpdrevfia
X^pts t5i/ aXXcji/, KOI cXc^c rctSc.*

II. 1. The treaty had been broken by the Greeks.
2. For we have been persuaded by our commanders
to proceed. 3. The royal authority had been abol-
ished by the people. 4. Guides, therefore, will be
sent to the Greeks at daybreak. 5. They were sent



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 187

into the camp by the enemy. 6. The judges were
completely deceived by the accuser. 7. The ranks
will be deserted by the soldiers. 8. The democracy
has been overthrown by the tyrant. 9. The tem-
ples of the gods have been adorned with Phrygian
spoils.® 10. The property has been stolen*^ by
thieves. 11. He will be vexed® because the money
was not sent. 12. The boys had been well educated.
13. Socrates was called a wise man (avqp) by the
Athenians. 14. The army was brought in safety®
to Greece by the generals. 15. The villages had
been plundered by the satrap's army.



' Sayne, J 79, 2. » ? 16, 1.

• Pluperfect passive of TpdtrrM. * Of himself, J 80.

^ As follows, literally, these (things), neuter plural of oSc, | 83.

• i 188, 1. « Use the future middle.
' k^kXcvtoi, • Imperfect.



IX. Ifotiiis : Tliird Declension {continued), (XXI.)

I. 1. Oau/aTOs coTt Xvcrt? ^X^^ ^^^ croi/xaTo^.

2. Tots TroLoi XPV ct^^»^ ov ypvaiov, icaroXeiTreti/.

3. TO ^(opCov KepafieiKOS opofia ej^ct dm TJpcaos^
Kcpd/JLOV. 4. rj y\av^ OrjpeveL /iSs.® 5. akio'Kain'aL
[idktaTa oi Ix^ve^ rrpo y))dov dvarokyj^ koI fiera
hvaiv. 6. rffp <f>p6prj(TiP T7J*s ^ln/)(rjs l(r)(yv ivofiitfiv}
7. Oi o<^ct9 iadiovo'iv opptOia. 8. rd '^(pijfiaTa iu
rats TToXccrt orao-cts iyeipcu 9. ttoXccux/ /jlcp Xaji-



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188 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

wpoTTiTa^ Oavfid^ofia^, ra? Se TrarptSa? orrifyyofieu.
10. ip Tfj ^vpia TO. wpo^ara ra? ovpa^ ej(€t to
9rXaT09* 7n^x^^5' H- ^^ (rv[i[ia)(oi vavaw ct$ ^AOtj-
va<s ir\iiov(riv. 12. Koti/09 x^P^^ awacri,^ irarqaC re
Kot /3acriX€V(np. 13. rot? *A07jvaLoi^ irkriOo^ rpLTj-
pcoiV 7jv, 14. at riftal t£i^ yovitav rots lKy6voi% ctcrt
icaXog Orjaavpo^. 15. dXXa icat olya? k<u /80C9
rpi^i. 16. ccrrt toii/ i^coj^ koi rot? yipovai koX
rats ypavaip d^tas rifta? awopefJueLv. 17. rd [laKpa,
Teiyyj rd tt/^o? toi/ Ileipatd^ TerrapaKovra crraZuai/
^(Top. 18. dTTO^SdXXct 17 eXou^o9 rd Kepa e/ roTrot?
j(aXc7ror9 If at Svcrcfeu/jerot?. 19. o 6di/aTo<s riav a/
yrjpq, KaKOiv (fxipfxaKOP iaru/. 20. to ycVo9 rSi/
ap0p<o7rajip ov pLOvov rots ttj9 7^9 <f>irrois,^ oKKa kcu
Twp fio(rK7jiidT(ov yctXa/crt Kat Tuyooi icat Kpiaari Tpi-
<f>€Tau

II. 1. The wise (man) scrutinizes the end of
every® undertaking before he begii# it.^® 2. The
singers are worthy ^^ of honor and respect. 3. Man
surpasses in understanding^^ the rest of^^ animals.^*
4. The soldiers sailed away to the island in^^ the
triremes. 5. Those in the city^® admire the poet's
wisdom. 6. (There) were in^^ the ships the. old
women and the children and the cattle. 7. Man has
five senses, touch, sight, hearing, taste, (and) smelling.
8. The horsemen were being drawn up before the
king. 9. The river contains all" kinds of fish^
10. Clearchus holds the right wing of the army.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 189

11. The city has two beautiful harbors. 12. Her
walls afforded this city safety. 13. He drove ^^ his
chariot through the ranks of the Greeks. 14. (Men)
call old age the winter of life, 15. If one^® has a
beautiful body and a corrupt heart, he has a, good ^^
ship and a bad pilot.

NOTE8.

» ? 55, K. 1. • J 160, 1.

* 5 55, N. 1, second paragraph. • { 185.

' J 9, 5. 'J 53, 3, TS. 3.

* i 166. * i 188, 1.

* vwrifif genitive singular feminine of tns, i 67.
^® Literally, befcyre the beginning.

^ 2 178, F. "J 141, N. 3, second paragraph.

»* J 188, 1, IT. 1. " irovTotos.

" I 142, 2, N. 3. " Imperfect.

" § 175, 2. '» tVs, an enclitic, J 84, and ? 27, 2.

** cvCy with the genitive. ^ koXos.



X. Verbs: Subjunotive. (XXIII.)

I. 1. Kvva^ rpeifyofia/, ipa rov^ Xvkov^ oltto tS>v
7rpo/3dT(ov a7r€pvK(0(TLP. 2. fiTj (jyevycofiep, dXXa Ka-
Xg>5 avoffpyjo'KCDiJLei/ imp rrj^ irarpiZos. 3. ot ^aC-
Xot cv XeyovGTtr, a/a riji/ ho^ca/ rfjs apenjs Xa/i^di/a}'

CIV. 4. 0U/S/9€lO}9 fLaj(Ct)/X€^a, 5 OTpaTLCJTat, OTTCO?

ff^ cttI TouTot9 oljLtei/. 5. ai/a7ravor<oiJL€0a, 5 ^tXot,
rovTov ToC TToXc/xov., 6. avn; irpo^ao'i^ corat toS
iroXcftov, '^1/ fii7 aKOV(ro)(Tiv* 7. /x'^ "TronjairjTe o ttoX-
XaKt9 v/xa9 efiXaxjie ScSoiKa. 8. coj/ rourou? tov9
TToXtra? al(T0cu/(o[X€da evcwriov^ rrj oKiyap^a, eKno-
So}V "TTOirjo'oiJLeOa. 9. iav tolovtos ttiv iroXiTeCai/



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190 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

iTTLrrfhev-g, icaXa>9 efci. 10. iw firj ravra cwriojcnj,
dSi^GTCi. 11. (f)6^o^ Toif^ irokiras €)(ev, /irj cd (rvv-
drJKaL VTTO rSiv woXefiCcjv \vd(oa'iv. 12. irdvra
irparre iiera irpovoia<;, iit) afiaprdvffs. 13. ovto^ 6
dcjpa^ ovTfos ci/oyaoTcu^ <09 fii7 KwXvy iwiKviTTew.
14. ov ir€(f>6l3rfTai ovSe SeSoiice fti) Bo^cu/ rrovr/pia^
€XJl» 15. oi yap iroXcfttoi cis ra o/oi; ^>€ugovT(u,
€aj/ ^opevOcjixa/. 16. kcu eycS, idvirep /SovX'q, Trepl
T(ov OeUov hirffrja-oiiai. 17. 6 Sc p^aMri^ SeSoiice fii)
Karafioqi 17 orpaTid. 18. ai/ iKvkerjTC, iii(rdoif>opav
irapi^(a Kv^iKTjvop iKdorro) rov iirjv6<;.^ 19. ical cw
eyoi {f>€ui/a)fiaL aStico? eli/at^ ov ^iXi^orere. 20. cSpa
eoTt ^ovkevtcrOai firj KaKoC re icot aurxpol diro<^i-

II. 1. Let us deliberate about the safety of the
city. 2. If you make'^ this man a friend,* he
will aid (you). 3. The boy brings the book to his
teacher that he may read (it). 4. Let us remain at
home. 5. Let us shun the unseemly and aspire after *^
the beautiful. 6. If these soldiers fight courageously,
they will be honored. 7. For if you put these her-
alds to death, there will be war. 8. They fear that
the robbers will slay the villagers. 9. Let us fight
nobly for our country. 10. If you work, you will
fare well. 11. The citizens fear that the treaties will
be broken. 12. If you educate these children well,
they will honor (you). 13. Let us rest, Soldiers, and
deliberate. 14. If he says that, he will speak the



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FIRST LESSONS IN GEEEK. 191

\ truth. 15. They fear that the soldiers will in this
' way be persuaded.

NOTES.

' Perfect passive, in passive sense, of ipyalo^nu,

• i 179, 1. ' Aorist. * J 166.

^ dp^Yoifcoi with the genitive, { 171, 1. Use |uv. . . 8^.



XI. Adjectives: Third Declension, and First and Third Declen-
sions Combined. (XXIV.)

L 1. avdpioiro^ (1x19(179 crai^crat vtt* ckiriho^i.
2. 7179 wat8cta9 cu fjuep pit,ai eicrX irtK/aat, y\vKei<; Se
61 KafmoL 3. TO T&p jSocov yii/os tol^ ai/Opwnois
fjLoXLO-ra XvcrtrcXej eariv. 4. ho^a /cat 7rXoi)T09 wev
cnn/€(rc(i}^ ovk aa-KfyaKrj KTi/jfiara. 5. Traxra iTTKrhjfirj
-\a}pls hiKoxocryirq^ Trca/ovpyCa, oif (ro(f>La ^au/erat.
6. \€y(oiJLa/ del ra aXrfdrj, Z 7aISe9. 7. 'HpaKXrj^
7019 drv^a-i aoyrt)pi(w 'rrap€L)(€v, 8. mTroves oi
/8oT/ov€9 tropffwpot /cat yXu/cct9 ctcrti/. 9. 8ta nyj/

t5i/ -^TjfldTO}!/ KTTJO'LP TTaVTC^ ol TToXc/XOt TOt? dvdpco^

7rot9 el(rip. 10. ij Xifivrj irajnoiovs ej^ct tx^^^* ^^
i70€ta eariv 17 (rapg. 11. twi^ KVKViov ot /t€i/ A.cv/cot,
oc Se fUXcu/es elaiv. 12. evhaiiiovi^ eiaw 01 apOpo)-
irot, ot tX€a>9 €)(ova'L tov9 Oeov^. 13. ol oKpareif;
at<r)(pati/ SovXeCcu/^ SovXcuoucrtr. 14. ov Tracrt rot?
7rXov(riot9 i^eoTLV evhaiiiocriv^ €u/at. 15. 7rcu^€9 ot
(rvfi/JLOxoi Kou/oivoi rjaav 7^9 Xcta9.* 16. 3 raXaii/a
d8€\(f>yj, y TTOAnoioui elai fieptfwau 17. iMinj/xove^



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192



KIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.



T(op Tov oro<f>ov \,6ya)p'^ io'fiep. 18. ^apiona ^opov^
kv r(o deaTpa) ^opevovo'iv 61 ^opevrai. 19, Set top
e.vy€py] ov p,6vov ye'et ® aXXa koX iOeo'i* /cat Tr/oay/ia-
(TW cWt iKnpcTrrj. 20. S(oKpdTr)s h/ rg StatTiy
e/Kparq^ rjv /cat Kaprepuco^ irpo^ i/fO^o? /cat ^^t-
fjiZva, Trpos depos /cat 17X101', tt/jos iraura? ttopovs /cat
/cu/Sui^ov9.

II. 1. The robbers plunder everything. 2. Men
are delighted by pleasing songs.*^ 3. HopefuP (nien)
bear their ills easily. 4. God*^ is a punisher of the
too high-minded. 5. All men have not the same ^®
mind. 6. The fruit" is sweet. 7. The bridges
were broad ^^ and the river was deep. 8. All hate a
loquacious person. 9. The gifts of the satrap were
pleasing. 10. Pleasure is sweet,^^ but pain sharp.
11. All the Libyans were black. 12. He trusted
the prudent general.^* 13. The citizens were unfor-
tunate^^ but well-born. 14. The words of the sooth-
sayer are clear. 15. All the soldiers had black


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