John Williams White.

A series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... online

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shields.





NOTES.


* i 143, 1.


* i 66, K. 3.


" § 159.


• Use the article.


» { 138, N. 8 a.


><» i 79, 2.


* i 180, 1, and i 170, 2.


» Plural.


* i 180, 1, and i 171. 2.


" UseK«V...8/.


• I 188, 1, N. 1.


" 2 184, 2.


' § 188, 1.





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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 193

Xn. Yerbs: Optative. (XXVI.)

I. 1. apa oifK^ 00/ dpecKoi 6 avOpcjiro^ T0i5
0€OL^,^ ei weidoiTo avroJ? ; 2. ris &/ TncrrevaeLC
tfievoTrj, Kot €t aXrjdevareiev ; 3. ct ovtg>9 ej(ot,
aii/o\/3o^ ovTTOT OP elrj^. 4. Kv/oo) <^Xot eii^at Trcpl
Trai^o? 00/ troi/rfo-aiii^Oa? 5. tSi^ arparrjyiop Karrj-
yopTjcep, Ufa avros TrepLacodcirj. 6. ci rov9 Mt/8ov9
a€r0€veL^ "ttoltJo'cuixl, Traarrtav ye w tZp mpi^* paSico9
ap^oLfii. 7. o Trats toJ TraihoTpi/S'g poSov CKftepei^,
a/a ^aipol, 8. ct a/Lia ikevdepo^ t evrj^ /cat TrXovcrtos,
TL1/OS ^ oaf eri Scoto ; 9. oi orparicDrat ei? tt^v ttoXc-
/itoi/ y^i^ iTTopcvOyjorav, a/a SiapnaCpiirro. 10. cSc^
SoLK€iP iiTj 71 y€(f>vpa XvOetrj. 11. ct ravra Trpdrroi^,
JSJupov 00/ &)^€XT;(reta9. 12. ct expifiep ^rjfiara,
<f>Lkov^ paSta)9 ai/ noioCfieOa.^ 13. ct evrevOa/ ct9 7171^
*ElXXa8a wopeveaOai ^ovXolvto, ovk av rjyrjoroLiJLTjp.

14. OVK OI/ dav[Jid^oL[JiL, ct /coXa^ot rovg KaKovpyov^.

15. raCra 8* iirpa^ev, Iva tow orpaTtcora^ i^airarrj'
crctcr. 16. TTcSs ai^ ovv eyoi fiiofraiinqv tovtov<s tto^
pevea-dai, ct ft-^ ^ovkoivro ; 17. ovros yap c8ctcrc

ftT) aOtKC09 OOipOiV OLa)KOLfJL€V. io. aAA OTTO)? Ot

o-TpaTWTaL iK7rXev(T€iav cttI t£i/ rpvrjpcov, 8ta ravra
ann/cfiovXevG/. 19. i^oijOrjaaif ovi/ rots or/oartoi-
rat9, OTTCos 0^1/ c/ccti/ots fid^oLVTo fcat ^1119 /xdrot /cti^-
Si^i'cvotcz/. 20. TrapcTTCjLtt/fc Sc KOt roll/ yvpjnJTCJv
apOpdmov^ cv^dSi^ov? cts ra aKpa, ottois crrffiaii/oiev.

II. 1. He would perhaps hire these mercenaries,
if they should proceed into his province. 2. They



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194 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

feared that we should all fare ill. 3. I was there to
fight.* 4. The king feared that the satrap would
plot against the cities, 5. If he should do this, he
would harm the city. 6. He was apprehensive that
his enemies would be honored. 7. He feared that
the soldiers would not fight bravely. 8. You would
not be happy, even if® we should gratify (you) in
this. 9. And then they brought the young man into
the city, that he might be chastised for his deeds.''
10. If the general should send for the ships, he
would do wrong. 11. I wrote the king this letter,
that the whole affair might be made clear (to him).

12. If, therefore, we should slaughter the cattle, we
should in this way procure ourselves provisions.

13. He therefore feared that the army might not
arrive ^^ in time. 14. But we asked for arms with
which to defend ourselves.^^ 15. Not even if I
should send for the ships, would you follow me.^^



> i 282, 2.

• I 184, 2.

» i 226, 2, with b.

« I 141, H. 3. For the case, see J 171, 3.

' Whatf genitive singular of the interrogative pronoun rCti 3 84
For the case, see J 172, 1.

• ? 9, 4.

» { 173, 2.

8 That I might fight.

• Not even if, o^' c(| at the beginning of the sentence.
^^ irapci|u.

" See the third English sentence above.
" i 184, 2.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 195

Xm. Verbs; Imperative. (XXIX.)

I. 1. iirov 6e(o kox rot? vofioi^ ttcl^ov. 2. ovkovv
iaardTO) /xc kcll 8ok€u/ kcll elvai kolKov t€ Kayadov,
3. TCt a(f)avYJ T0t9 (f)<u/€poL^^ T€Kfiaipov. 4. dj/Bpciv
<f>av\a}v opKov ct9 vSctip ypauff^. 5. aa/eairdaOci} ^ to
ayKvpiov. 6. Tf yXciacd aov [irj irpOTpex^TO) tov
vov. 7. [irj (l}evyer€ rov^ novov^, dXX* i6€\ovrcu
v7rofi€i/€T€. 8. avOpioiro^ &v^ pApvYja-o ttj? Kowrj<;
rvxv^' 9. prj Xvirrjcrov tov Trarcpa. 10. ainjp ax^"
pioTo^ ptj vopL^ecOct) ^tXo9. 11. Trpo ToO epyov cu
fiefiovXevco. 12. ot i^ot TraiScveicr^ciicrai/. 13. Tra-
nyp T€ Kot p'qrrip Trpovoiav €)(4T<t)v rij? t5i/ t4kp(i}v
TratSeta?. 14. aKovcov pov, S t^tXc. 15. Svo cu/8p€
pd)((Ea'0oP. 16. TO) dSeXi^o) kmcOmv. 17. o ddpa^
ovTO)^ €lpydo'0(i), a>9 /xi^ /coiXi^ KaOi^ew. 18. /at}
}}feva'0y<; /caXat? lKirL(nv, aXXa TreipdOrjTi a Surara
coTti/. 19. 6 §€ t€poa"vXo9 VTTO T^9 XipoCpa^; Sta-
cnra(rdT]T(i). 20. hn/orjaaTe ort cttI rat? Ovpai^ t^9
"EXXaSo? iapuiv.

II. 1. Refrain, therefore, from disgraceful ac-
tions. 2. At daybreak pray to the gods. 3. Send
for the ships. 4. Let the door be closed once for
all.^ 5. Do not blame this poor man. 6. Let a
comrade trust a comrade. 7. Work, if you wish
to fare well. 8. Let not the bad (man) occupy the
place of the good (one). 9. Hear the witnesses,
Judges! 10. Receive me, Sea! 11. Let the



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196 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK,

citizens guard the laws. 12. Proceed, therefore, at
once, that you may encamp near us. 13. Let the
old men remain in the village. 14. Hold fast the
beautiful,* Athenians ! 15. Let them send the scout
upon the mountains at daybreak.



' J 188, 1. • Being, the present participle of c(|JbC

« § 202, 2, K. 1. * i 139, 2.



XIV. Syncopated IToTiiis of the Third Deolension. — Irregular
Adjectives. (XXX.)

I. 1. ap^oiv ayaOo^ ovhev^ Sia^pet Trarpo? dya-
dov, 2. G'(o(f)p(i)p ii€P vto9 €v<f>paLi/€L Tov TTajcpa,
a<f)p(OP 8e vio<; Xviret rfp/ firjrepa. 3. AvcravSpo^
fieydXcov tlii(ou ri^idOiq. 4. ctKoro)? rfjv hiKaixxrwrjv
fir/Tepa t(ov iWiov aperwv \4yova'iv, 5. vttvo^ tto-
Xv9 ovT€ TOLS cra)/iao"u/ ovt€ tcu^ }}fV)((ii^ apfiorreu
6. dvTJp dvSpa Koi ttoXi? (rw^ei ttoXlv. 7. kcwcoG
arSpo9 8£pa oirqcTiv ovK e)(ct. 8. avSpdo'i Toi<s
dyadol^ CTrerat yi/diirj re k<u acSci>9. 9. XoiKpdrrj^
ovx iKercvcre Toxf^ BtKaard^ iierd ttoWcjp SaKpvcov.
10. rd [leydXa hoipa rrj^ rv^ri^ c^ct (f)6^ov, 11. na-
paKeKevom-ai oi irarepe^ roi^ vieau/^ evaefiel^ koL
cvTTCt^et? eWi. 12. TOP Kvpov oi TlepcaL iranpa
vpotrrfyopevoi/, 13. rot? dyaOol^ di/SpdcTL Xafiirpd
Sd£a eTTcrat. 14. rj dperfj koXov d$X6v iarw dvSpl
a'o<f>^. 15. vnkp tcjp Trarc/xwi/ kcu tiop [irjrepcjv



Digitized by VjOOQIC



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 197

yo/i/aCa}^ [la^dfieOa. 16. ov/c del oi TralSc? ofioLoC
cto-t T6> irarpL 17. dya6<ov fi7jT€p<op /cat dyadal
0vyaT€p€S, dvyarpdo'i yap ij y^'^Tqp Traaciv dperciu
ScSacr/caXo? icmv. 18. a/covcra^ 17 Ovydnqp rg
fjLrjTpl T7JU Xevic^ i(r9rjra <[>€p€L. 19. fteyas <f>6^o^
Toif^ iroXtra? e;(ct, /xi) <u (rx/i/OrJKai vwo rtov iroKefiCcjv
\v6<a(riv. 20. ol ^EXXtji/C9 itoXXoii/ ical fieydXan/
TToketav oIklo-tcu rjcrav,

II. 1. Brave men are admired. 2. The shep-
herd's daughter is singing. 3. The deeds of the
good man are always noble. 4. Good sons obey
their fathers and their mothers. 5. The words of
the just have great power. 6. For this man has
wisdom in place of great wealth. 7. The daughter
brings her father the torch. 8. We did not accom-
plish these undertakings without great dangers.
9. Of great toils the glory is also great. 10. These
men are being concealed in the orator's house.

11. In Egypt (there) is a great abundance of grain.

12. The good daughter obeys her mother gladly.

13. Many men strive after wealth. 14. The tongue
is the cause of many great evils. 15. The great
king had a large army and much wealth.



' In no respect, literally, in respect to nothing, neuter singular accusa-
tive of ovScfe used adverbially, J 77, 1, n. 2, and J IGO, 2.
« I 60, 5, 30.
' From dKwv. See I 138, n. 7.



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198 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.



XV. Verbs! InfiiiitiYe. (XXXI.)

I. 1. KoKop cart to h/ woXcfi^ aTroOvrja-Kciv*
2. hiphpov TToXaiop fi€ra(f>vT€V€tv SvckoXov. 3. vo-
[loi^ hrea-OoL koKov. 4. ct jSovXeL dyaOo^ yCyi/e-
aOai, TTpZrov Trtorevc, art KaKo% ct. 5. reOvKO/aL
TovTov<5 (fn/aiv rot? Beol^. 6. rrjr woKu/ (f)aai kiv-
Svt^evo-ai. 7. ct9 T171' iroXeiiiau/ yrjv iropevdrjvai
Xeyoj^at. 8. idi/ rts Xey];, art ^ourtXet i^ari [irj
ireCdeaffcu rots vofwt^, oirro^ XeYeaOo) Koka^ €W€u,
9. 'jravra<: )(prj ravra /lavOapeiv. 10. oi iraxriy
idikovd avyi^ovKeveiv ot ^cot. 11. iKTrlCflfiex^ av-
piop crc ypdifseu/, nm TrpdrreL 6 aSeX^?. 12. iret-
deadai rovs ircuSas rot? yorcScrti/ ckcXcvq/. 13. t^s
*Ay>jcrtXaov dperrj^ re kclL 80^9 a^toi^ erraivov ypd-
i/rat ov pdhiov ioriv. 14. XcoKpdrrfv ircireLKO/cu roifs
Wbv9 tauToJ ^ fiaXXoi^ -^ rots yo7/€v<n TreCOeo'daL €<f)a-
aav, 15. 2pa ^ otccr^c Tou? aT/aa7T7you9 7171' *EXX<£8a
croJcrcti; ; 16. auro9 e<^ yffrja-^a'BaL rfjv hvvaiiiv kcu
Ttt vTTO^vyta 7ropev€(r6aL,^ 17. S /icXXct? vpdrrew,
p/v) irpoXeyc. 18. tov9 xpyforov^ tcjv di^Spwircov cv
TTpdrretv icni hiKaiov, 19. ^AXi^avSpo^ iweOvprfcra^
e/ Kv8i/o) Xovcracr^at. 20. to yap TrdXct^? p^dXw;
Tou oTparriyov etXiy^o'at* kcu x<opou^ TroKkrjv vij>
iavT^ TreTTOLrjcrdai iirawov d^iov iarip.

II. 1. The king commanded the generals to
march. 2. The father said he had been honored by
his son. 3. To execute® is hard, but to command



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 199

easy. 4. He compels us to delay in the market-
place. 5. He commanded him to say* that the
general had taken the city. 6. He wished the boy
not to appear foolish. - 7. Do you not ^ think that
the gods will care for you ? 8. He commanded the
god to serve a man^ for hire for a year.® 9. They
say that the seer was made blind by the gods.
10. The soldiers are not willing to proceed, but
affirm that they will remain here. 11. It is right
(for) the son to obey his father. 12. The bridge
was said® to have been destroyed by the Greeks.
13. He says that the hoplites will proceed at day-
break to the river. 14. All robbers of temples ought
to be put to death. 15. He said that this stranger
wished to take part in the expedition with us.

NOTES.

' KxfMdJy dative aingular of the reflexive pronoun cavrov, \ 80.
« \ 282, 2.

* Note carefully that the tenses of the infinitives are different.

* Perfect infinitive of Xa|ipar«. '^ \ 184. 2.
»U8e,i€V...W. *?161.

' 4<ivaiy present infinitive of ^)lC ' See note 1, Lesson XXXIX.



XVI, Verbs: Participles. (XXXIII.)

1. ov irojuv rjoeia ecrra/ i) aKrjueLa T019 aKov-
ovau/. 2. (f)€vye rjhoi/^v vcrrcpop ^povaav fiXdfirfv.
3. <^tXov9 exon^ vofiL^e drjcravpovs €)(eiv. 4. rov
-^ovaop e/c iroXXov fid0ov<; ot /xeraXXeuoj^es avopvT'



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200 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

rovcw. 5. XiOKpaTT]^ StaXeyo/xe/o? npoerpeTrero
T0U5 <rui/6irra^ /xaXtoTa irpo^ iyKpareuw. 6. ras
Trpoo-mTTTova-a^ ruxa<: ya/i/aJuos <{)eper€. 7. o /xav-
Tt5 TCI fiiKkovra KoKci^ irerrpoKlyfjTeuKey. 8. Mi^Scta
Tcl Tcw^a 7r€(f>ov€VKvia ^xP'ipej/. 9. at^aTrava-d/jiej/cy:
TTOpevaeraL, 10. ot Trcpl Aca»/t8ai/ TpiaKoatoL ya/-
vaioi^ lia^Ofia/oL iTekevTrfO'av. 11. 6 Se i^Xavi^c vpo^
rrjv voKu/, ottgi? cyyvs orpaToireSeva'dfievo^ rov^ <f}€U'
yovrw; viroXafjifidi/oL. 12. ovt/eKakeaav tov9 rrpea -
)8€t9 airo toIj' ttoXcc^i^ aKovaoficvovs rfj^ CTrtcrroXiJs.
13. OVT09 ya/) TLfir/Oeis vrro rov STjfiov rfjp BrjfioKpa-
rCap KaToKvcu/ veiretparai. 14. ol irokepnoL Suokov-
criv cts TOP noTafiov to oTpdrevfia to Ziafiaivov}
15. CU9 rov ap^ovra Set nporepov iiavOdu^iv oipx^-
crOaiy vvv Xc^o). 16. imrews Trefjurcoficp iirl top \6<f>op
CTKC^opAvov^; TTov elcTW ot iroXc/itot. 17. voiiicracra
Tj iroXts auemKkrjTOTepop eh/cu *Ay7ja'CKaov koI t(o
ya/et kcu Ty dpery, tovtov iTroirjcraTo jSacrtXea.

18. dfia Ty 17/^poi irpoaev^dfiei/oi rot? 0€ols kcu
(TVVTa^dfia/oL a>9 eU p^dx^v iiropevovro oi '^EXKrp/e^.

19. oi "^EXXi/i/e? t€$vk6t€^ e^ivitpv tous ^tXov?.

20. ot Sc TrapTJkawov TeraypAvoi icar* tXas Kat /cara
Tafct9.

II. 1. Regard him that has died^ happy. 2. He
will move both stones and trees (by his) singing.
3. The generals had come with triremes to besiege
the island. 4. I am pleased (at) having been hon-
ored by you. 5. He was not willing to converse*



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 201

with those who had not* property. 6. To you who
have stirred up the city we shall oppose ourselves.
7. We will send men to do this. 8. He will col-
lect* an army and besiege the city. 9. When they
had done this, they withdrew to the camp. 10. He
intends to come with boats and triremes. 11. He
called the captains together® and spoke as follows.
12. He blinded me while sleeping. 13. Not only
punish those who transgress, but also hinder those
who intend (to do so). 14. Since you are mortal,
remember, young men, the common lot."^ 15. For
these (two) men, if they should be trusted by the
people, would overthrow the democracy.

NOTE8.

* i 26, N. 2. » 2 186, with h. 1.

* Use nXivnitf. * 2 283, 4.

* Greek idiom, having collected (aorist participle) an army he will
besiege, etc.

* Cf. II. 8, above. M 171, 2.



ZVn. Oomparison of Adjectives. —Verbals. —Adverbs and tbeir
Oomparison. — Uumerals. (XXXVI.)

I. 1. ii/TOL^ i\€(f)€urLV oi appa^€<; rroXxf afi€Lvov<;
elcLv. 2. BiKaiov icm rovs Kp^irrorr; ran/ tjttovcjp
ap)(€Lv, 3. ovfifiovXeve firf ra i^Sicrra, aXka tol
apKTra. 4. Kokacrreov rov TratSa, et iiikX^i €vSatfi(ov
elpau. 5. i)(0p6<s, 09 rot aXr/ffrj \eyet, alpeT(0T€p6^
ioTL if^Ckov, OS wpos x^P^^ KoXaKevei. 6. irXeope^Ca



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202 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

fteyiOTov avOpwiroL^ KaKov. 7. (rw^OT^pov koI
aKpifiecrrepov \iye ra? hrro\a<;, 8. a'(o<f)poa'wrjv
yuep 8ici}KT€ov koX acTKryrioi^, aKoXaurCav Se (I>€vkt€ov.
9. KpiTLa<s pJei/ t!ov iv rg oXiyapx'^^ iram<av fitcuora-
T09 ^v, *AXKt^taS>;9 8c rZv iv Ty BrfiioKparia Trdvnav
aKparecTTaro^ kcu vfipurroraro^, 10. rramon/ oSt-
K(!iTaTov TTpayfia (f>d6po^ icrriv, 11. iict^ov^ rjSovas
ovK expvcriv oi yovei^, ^ cr(0(f>popa^ ^^^^ iroISa?.
12. oif ix7)v hovkevriov T0t9 y€. vow e^ovai rot? ovrta
KaKtos (fipovovcriv} 13. ij ^8?) irdw xapvivr<fi<s €)(€i.^

14. oi KopaKc^ fLckdvTaroC elcrt iravroiv 6pvi9(t)v.

15. €1/ *Adrjvai,% wt\ r^9 irakai BrfiioKpaTia<s oXt-
yap^a ^v rj tZp rpiaKovra rvpdypwv. 16. iro\XdKL<;
eK fJLLcis diiaprCa^ fivpCai ylyvovrai d\yy]h6v&;. 17. o
arparriyo^ Tfjv oTpariav ci9 ra? eyyvrdro}^ Kdifiw;
ay€L. 18. Tov /SdciXefos orpaTcv/xaros '^crcu/ apxov-
T69 Tcrrape?, rpidKovra fivpidhtDv cicaoro?, 19. ^c-
pov<s^ fiev \lnr)(poT€po), )(€Lfi(oi/os 8€ depfiorepo) v8an
Xouccr^at \apijiaT^p6v iarw. 20. Xeyo^rat ot Ilep-
(rat d/x^i ra9 Sa)8€Ka fLvpidZwi e&cu.

II. 1. The horns of the stag are much greater
than* those of the gazelle.® 2. Traitors'' are much
more hateful than the enemy. 3. It is very^ hard
to be ruled by an inferior. 4. It is most truly said
that Cyrus ruled justly: 5. The oracle at Delphi
was most in repute. 6. Children have no^ greater
benefactors than their parents. 7. We must not
flatter the commander, but obey (him) most zealously.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.. 203^

8. He was the son of a most prudent man. 9. The
easiest road for an army is the quickest. 10. He
has come with a thousand soldiers and twenty tri-
remes to besiege the city. 11. We shall fight more
bravely, if Cyrus himself lead (us). 12. The servant
is both very fond of money and very idle. 13. The
captain must lead a hundred and fifty ^® hoplites as
quickly as possible into the nearest village. 14. It
is fifteen stadia from this river to Thermopylae.
15. Sophocles composed a hundred dramas.



' { 184, 2. * i 179, 1.

* See note 8, Lesson XXV. * ij.

3 § 75, H. 1, and ? 141, n. 3. • Titan the {horns) of the gazelle,
' Use the article.

^ Very ia sometimes translated by putting the word which it modifies
in the superlative.

• Not. " § 77, 2, N. 2 a.



XVm. Verbs: Oontraot. (XXXVIII.)

I. 1. paoTOv ioTiv ajravTOJU iavrop^ i^anarav.
2. ol voixd8€<s rwv Kifivtav ov rat? r)iiApai<;, dXXa rat^
vo^lv dpidixovcTi TOP )(p6poi/, 3. irhrfpciiiep ra? vav<:
Kcu TrXdcofiep^ im rovs TToXc/xtov?. 4. vofiii^o} del
Tovs deovs yeXdv opcjvra^ Trfp tS>v OLpOpwwcjp kg/o-
(nrovSiai/. 5. firjBeU <f>ofieicrO(t} Odvarov, dTrokvcnv
KaK&v, 6. TTavTa)(ov oi trpohorai OavaTco ^rffitovv-
rat. 7. ol fia/ dXXoi ^(octlp h/a icrOUacnv, avros^
8c i(rdi(a Ipa ^(o, 8. airapra 6 rov [prjTowros iropo^



poi&Toy lo-rcy



y Google



204 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

€vpicrK€L. 9. dXKa rj^ ^ci/ia/ Tfjv rtov fiapPdp<aif
yrjv, 10. oi *Pd8tot fiaKporepov icr<j>Qfh6v(ov rak^
TrkeioTtav to^otojp, 11. Set ra? irdXct? Kocrfieii/ raZs
rZv oIkovvtow dpercu^. 12. €? ris ttjp twv a-iofidrojip
(f)va'w aKpifioiyj, i^ro av irda-as voa-ov^ ; 13. ft>;8c-
nore ireipio hvo <f)i\o}v &vax Kpirrj^. 14. apurr av
ai iroXeis oucolvTO, el oi ap^ovre^ roT,^ vojioi^ weC-
douno, 15. %a)Kpdrrj^ eXeye rovs ftei^ aXXovs ai'-
dpdirow Cw>^ ^^ iadiOLO/, avrov^ 8c iadUiv, uhi
tjc^. 16. /LL17 fteya <f>p6peL, Iva (jltj rarretvoL. 17. firf
(f>06i/eL Tot? evruxpycn, firj BoKy<s elvai Ka/cd?. 18. ftij
^vyxiapei Toi; r>j9 i|^vx^9 nddeaip dXA.* e/ox^tov.

19. StKcXta 17 Kqa"09 TTporepov TpipaKpta cicaXctro.

20. €t i/d/xo9 KcXevot /xi) ia-diovras^ firj irearfju^ koll
fi7f nii/ovTa^ firf Biilnjp p/qSk pvySiv'^ rov xeifiZpos^
fjLTjSk Oakmcrdai rov Odpoxjs, Tts ip TreiffoiTo rSn^
di/OpcovfOP ;

II. 1. Either be silent, or speak more fitly.'
2. Socrates did not neglect his body/® and did not
approve those who neglected (theirs). 3. They ap-
proached, that they might free the captives. 4. It
is fated (for) all men to die. 5. Those who love
are loved, but those who hate are hated.' 6. The
soldiers were enslaved by the barbarians. 7. Let us
rush on courageously, Soldiers, against the enemy.
8. The citizens feared that the city would be
besieged. 9. Those who oppose themselves to the
good are worthy of being punished.^^ 10. All (men)



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 205

are pleased when they are honored." 11. Let us
either conquer or die. 12. Let us free our friends,
but get in hand our enemies. 13. He was greatly
loved and honored by the Athenians. 14. Let not
him who is most^^ fortunate be high-minded.
15. Imitate the actions (of those)^* whose reputations
you envy.



NOTES.


> On£i fidf, \ 80.


« \ 179, 1.


« \ 98, H. 1.


• Say heUer (thingt).


» My%dS, \ 145, 1.


»« i 171, 2.


* \ 98, H. 2.


" § 261, 1.


» mrn^df, \ 146, 1.


« i 277, 1.


• \ 277, 5.


"lictXurreu


» \ 98. H. 3.


" i 152.



AIX. Verbs: Present, Fntarei and First Aorist Stems. (XLI.)

I. 1. ra Trap* vfi<ov aTrayyeXovfiei/ toJ fiacriXei.
2. ov TokriOrj dwoKprnffOfieda, 3. i(r^p(ti<; ^'Oyuiqpov
iOavfia^ei^ 'AXe^oySpo?. 4. Kvpo<; ov^epa €7r€fnr€
(TJifiavovirra o tl xPV '^oieiv. 5. cXtti^c Tifiiov Toif;
yoviw; npd^ew koXS)^. 6. elptjvrfs ovar)^ ^ ot cu/dpo)-
irot a-TT^pova-iv, 6 8c ttoXc/llo? navra Zia<f>depEi. 7. ot
irarepe^ rifi&v TroXXa icat #caXa €pya dTr€<f)Tji/can'o €69
rrai/ra^ avdp(07rov<;. 8. ovic CTreV/oc^/rc roJ Stj/ll^ Trapa
Tous i^o/jtovs \lfri<f)[a'aa'0cu. 9. koI ck iroXefiov cd-
crovai T7)v ttoKiv kclL €v8<u[iova 8iaxf>v\d^ovcrip,

10. dp\ovro^ TTOuovpyia rrjp naaav wokw yuavei.

11. rdXiy^^ dnoKpa/aL, ccr^Xbs yap (ua)/[> ov i/rcvSc'

Digitized by VjOOQIC



206 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

rat. 12. ecu/ <l>pdcr(o raXrjde^, ov^t o-c €wf>pajfZ.
13. S€fiiaTOK\rj<: Kol *ApLaT€i8r)<s iarcLcna^erriv eri
TToiSe ovT^} 14. Xoyicai irpo tov cpyov. 15. ovrc
irC/3 Ifiartai TrcptarctXat Svi/aroi/ ourc alarxpov dfidp-
TTjfia )(p6v<a. 16. 0Jnf([f>uravTo oi *A0rfvaioi roifS
TToXxras dTToaffxi^at. 17. (rv /xe/ irap* c/mol eyuewa^
ol S* aXXot dTrfjpctp oticaSe. 18. ot ^EX.Xiji'c? irdm-e^
'^Xdka^ap, 19. #c<u 6 avaio'd'qroTaTo^ aUr)(W€Lrax
TOV euepryenp/ o^ea XetTreu/. 20. o (f>6/3o^ cvirct^c-
OTC/oou? TOU9 dv0pwiro\s irovel • reK/jiijpauo S* ai/ roOro
ic<u aTTO r5i/ ci^ ror? vavaiv?

II. 1. They will announce this to the generals at
daybreak. 2. The gods have dealt out* misfortunes
to many good (men). 3. They will leave the weak
behind on* the road. 4. We beseech you to de-
fend* us. 5. We fully armed all the citizens.
6. He will arrange the soldiers four deep.® 7. Af-
ter she had killed^ her son she leaped into the sea.

8. They will all lament their unfortunate friend.

9. (The herald)^ made proclamation to the Greeks
to collect their baggage. 10. They thought the
enemy would appear® on the next day. 11. Do not
expose these secrets of your friend. 12. The citi-
zens held up their hands. 13. They expected to
arrive at the villages at sunset.^® 14. They will arm
themselves with shields and breastplates. 15. Milo,
the athlete, lifted a bull and bore (it) through the
stadium.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 207



NOTES.

* In Umt ofpeace^ there being peace, { 183. For ovauft, see | 127, L
' Present participle in the dnal masculine of ti^L

' i 141, N. 3, second paragraph. • iit\ nrrapMy.-

* Aorist. ^ i 277, 1.

* 4v. * J 134, N. 1 d.

' Their thought was, the enemy wiU appear, etc. Use the infinitive
in quoting.
^ At the same time vnth the sun setting.



XX. Pronouns. (XLII.)

I. 1, ovro9 ioTW 6 cros dSeXt^ds. 2. o SUaLO^
ov iiovon/ Tols dXXots ct}(f)eki/i6s iariv, aXXa ttoXu
liaXiara avro9 avr^. 3. ravrqv rrfv y^dfirp/ €x<o
eycr/e. 4. n yap narpma^ T/fuv (f^Ckrepop ^dovo^;
5. kojL rifUL^ Toif<: vfierepov^ iei/oxjs ^evC^^ofiep. 6. fij)-
hewore SovXov rjSoinjs aavrov iroUi. 7. vofii^ei^ fXTf
€u/<u 0€ov^, iwel avTov^ ovx opc^iia/, aXX' ovSc rqv
aavTov <ru ye ^^vyrj^ ^P^^» V '^^^ adfiaro^ Kvpia
ioTLv. 8. ovT€ 8ta \jjv)(ov<; ftaXXoi/ rov o/Sop fiepeip,
ovT€ Sta OdXirovs fidxecrOai toi ttc/oI crKta^, XcDKpd-
Toi;^ ^p 6 rpono^. 9. ovk a/poelTe, riptop kol olcjp
KCLL oaojip ev€py€(ricjp ol 0€ol tjiilp amot cIctlp ;

10. Set i7fia9 els TO ttJ? ttoXcoi? oi^Xrjfia fiXeireip.

11. ovSci/ ourc^ Tf/UTepop icrrvp, a»9 tj/xci? i7/jtti/ av-
rot?.^ 12. Kayd, el vfiels ra Siicata Troievp iOikere,
eneaOai vp!vp ^ovKofiai,. 13. ol apOpamoL avroi
ela-LP iavToU noXifiLot. 14. [laxoprai, ol i\€(l>apT€<s
(T^S/oois irpo^ oXXtjXovs. 15. ra fiikXopra irpO"



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208 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

yiyi/G^cK^iv ov rij? ifiieripaq ^vcr^dtis icTu/. 16. eyw
aov TrXovcrtcorcpo? elfii, rj ifi'q dpa Krrjcns rfj^ cnj5
Kpevrriov. 17. ouro9 Soicct /xot aptoro? eii^cu oI^09,
cp' o) TOtoOro? ccTTti' 6 8c(r7roT7y9 8t* avrw, olb? ci^cj
8ta rov voiiop, 18. Sia<f)€pov(nv oi Ikiifxwre; ry
ai^Speia davfiaarw oXXt^Xcu^. 19, ocrrt? Sta^oXoT?
ra^v ireiOeTOL, Trovrjpo^ avro9 cart tov9 rpoTrow.
20. Tt ya/o TO ^tXoK€/3Sc9,^ Tt TTore' coTt icat Tu/e^s ot
([f>iXoK€p8els ;

II. 1. The lion and the jackal are at war with
one another.* 2. The general was hostile to us, but
friendly to you. 3. The commander called them
together into liis own tent. 4. He bids us say these
same things to you also. 5. These men are your
benefactors. 6. These messengers whom you see are
friendly to us. 7. Tell me what opinion you have
about this. . 8. The good trust one another. 9. We
love our own children. 10. My son is virtuous,* but
yours (is) idle. 11. Is there any person in the
house? 12. This king was himself the commander
of his own army. 13. The bad injure one another.
14. Who is that woman? 15. A philosopher hav-
ing been asked by some one, What is hostile to
men ? said, Themselves to themselves.



" i 184, 4. » i 185.

« I 139, 2. * (nrovSatos.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 209



XXI. Verbs: Perfect Middle, Perfect Aetiye, and Future Per-
fect Stems. (XLIV.)

I. 1. 6 Se raXrj0T] airoKeKpynTou. 2. el raSra
mirpaxas, ovSeis ere ^Xai/rct ovSenoTe} 3. 6 TroirjT^^
\6yov TrcTTOtrjTai nepl aperrj^, 4. irpSyro^ tcjv arpa-
TTqy5>v K€KpL(rd(o ^AXe^apBpos^ 5. Karayoivia-diievo^
Tov aScX^w dTrcoToXicct rov craTpd'jrrjv KaraarTpe^o-
fievov irdcra^ ra^ inl daKaTTrj iroXet?. 6. rqi/
Nlo/Stjp ets XlOop fieTafiefiXrjcrOai (fxtcnv. 7. to
TOV aSeXc^ov aSiixa re^ai/rcrat. 8. Kpeo)v ^AyTiyovrju
Td(f)a) ^(ocrav eyKeKpirnraL, 9. del TrpooTcra^crat
To7^ yepaiTepois TSiv vecjTepcop dp^eip. 10. Tavrrjp
Trjv TTokw ddXicoTdn-ju KeKpLKafiev. 11. el tols 'A^tj-
va^ KaTeoTpafifjLa/oi eicrC, paSUos tcop oKXcov *FXXt]i/(ov
ap^ovcTLP. 12. e7ri/ji€Xa)9 ot Oeoi, wu ol dpOpcoirot
SeovTai, KaTecTKevaKaciP, 13. o^e/xos tol a'Kd<l>rj
<rwTeTpL(f>e kcu rrjv Bwafia/ Alowctlov rfjv vaxmtcqp
'q(f>dviKep. 14. ol AaKeSaifioviOL eoTe(fxu/(Ofieyoi ifid-
XOVTO, 15. eon/ TavTa jrpd^^, fieyioro^ rfj^ TroXeo)^
eifepyerrj^ dvayeypdxjrju. 16. dpurro'i tS)i/ orpaTUO'
tS)v avayeYpd<f)6(o, 17. tol<s vofiois, ep ols Te6pa<f>0e,
Set ireWecrOai. 18. tovs TeTeXevTr/KOTa^ [irj KaTTjXo-
yet, 19. i\jrr)<f)La'/i€i/OL ela-h/ ol *A0rji/aLOL irdpTar:


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