John Williams White.

A series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... online

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§ 133, 2 : fiorj0€L(w ireivn-o/ia^ rok OTparicaTau^, we

send AID (direct object in the ace.) to the
SOLDIERS (indirect object in the dat.).^



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. H

§ 134, 1 : 6 irohlrq^ y/oa^t, the citizen (subject nom.)

vrrifea,
§ 135, 1 : (eya>)' Xeyo), I say; 6 iroXtri^ Xeyec, <Ae citi-

zen says; oi iroXirat X^v(rt« the citizens

say; etc.
§ 158 : Tovs orpaTuara^ e^ei, he has the soldiers

(direct object in the ace.).

Tocabnlary.

fioijOeuL^ -as, 17, aiG?, assistance.

0avfidC<o, -€15, fo wonder at, to admire.

KeXew, -ct5, fo command^ to order.

irerpa, -a?, -ly, a roc^, a twcws of rock.

woXjltijs, -ov, o, a citizen.

(raTpdin)^, -ov, o, a aatrap.

{TTpaTL(arri^9 -ov, o, a soldier.

4>€0<o, -ci9, ^ fo BEAR, fo bring, to produce.

Exercises.

I. 1. cfc Twv KbiiL&v arparuaras ayei. 2. fioTJ-
0€i(w mfiTTOfiep ToJ carpaTrg. 3. o o'arpomrf^ row
arpaTLoyras Oavfid^ei. 4. iccu* (a/idl) at mrpai ct?
T171' OaXarray KadiJKova'w^ (reach down). 5. ro
TrehCov (plain) /JLekivrjv if)ep€i.

H. 1. 0/90S (a . Tnountairi) ro ircStov Trepiex^i
(aurrmtimis) Ik daKdm)<; cU dakarrav. 2. o^av^a
{thereupon) o (rarpdirrj^ KcXcvct rovs^ arrparuaras^
^vXdrrew.



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8



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.



III. 1. The satrap is now king. 2. The citi-
zen writes a letter. 3. And I march to the tents.
4. The satrap sends aid to the citizens.

IV. 1. He marches from the village into Phrygia.
2. Thereupon the soldier runs into his (Trjv) tent.

NOTE8.

' To be used in place of the illustrations given iii the articles of the
Syntax that are cited, since these would not be understood.

« i 184, 1. ^ i 134, 3, IT. 1. * J 37, 2, n. 2 h.

^ In continued discourse, the sentence commonly has a conjunction
connecting it with what goes before. In the detached sentences of the
exercises these have necessarily often been dropped (less and less, how-
ever, as the Lessons proceed), but the principle should be carefully kept
in mind.

• i 13, 1, F. 2. » 1 141, IT. 2. » J 134, 2.



LESSON Y.

Verbs: Imperfect and Future Indicatiye Actiye.

Grammar : § 92, 4, I. and II. ; § 110, I. and II. 1 ;
§ 96, I., the Imperfect and Future Indicative Active of
Xvo), together with the meanings of these tenses (§ 95, 2,
I., first column) and their termiriaticms (§ 113, 2, I., first
-and third columns) ; § 99, 1 and 2 (with a) ; § 100, 1 ;
§ 26.

Yocabulary.

aifia^a, -1^5, 17, a wagon,

ye^v/jo, -a?, 17, a bridge.

expi)^ to have, to possess, to hold,

6vcD^ fut. ffv(r(o» to sacrifice.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK, 11

oTrXirq*;, -ov, 6, a heavy-armed foot-

soldier^ a hoplite.
TraCo}, fat. iraiato, to strike,

ireXraorrjsy -ov, 6, («Ati|,

a target or ihieid) a targeteer, a peltast

7repi'€)(0i), (vipC, around, and lx«») to SUrrOUTld,

Exercises.

X 1. 6 orarpdinj^ ^SacriXevcret. 2. iccXcvo-cj
Toxf^ arpariGirw $v€0/. 3. roJ OTparuoTQ rifirip
€<f>€p€v^ {it brought). 4. 6 a-arpamf; c^€4 oirXiras.
5. ot 8c ^ (6t^<) orpaTiSyrou^ ixoXdiraivoi/. 6. oi
oTrXTrat dva-ova-w.^

II. 1. Xvcrovo-i ya/)^ {f^) '^^ yijjvpap. 2. oi
TToXiTCu eiroAJOv rov^ wrXtras. 3. iccXeucrovcrt rov9
Ilcpcra? Xveu^ ra? y€<f}vpa^. 4. Xvcopa^ ra? apd^as
a9 €)(opa^.

III. 1. You {plural) will sacrifice. 2. They
were striking the taxgeteers. 3. The heavy-armed
foot-soldier ran to the tents. 4, The sea surrounded
(irepietx^^) the country.

IV. 1. The soldiers were running from their
tents. 2. He will command the hoplites to guard
their tents.

NOTES.

* The future, ^ or vxi^m (two forms), and imperfect, ctxov, of this
verb are both peculiar in formation.

• J 13, 1, with N. 2.



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12 .FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

' A postpositive conjunction, i.e. a conjunction which is always put
after one or more words of the sentence. See also again note 5, Les'
»on IV. * 2 22, N. 1. Cf. J 22, 2.

» I 151. • i 26, H. 1.



LESSON TI.

Vonnst Second Deolension.— Prepositions.
Grammar : § 40 (and read tlie n.) ; § 41 ; § 42, 1.

Bemarks on the Use <^ Frepositloiis.^

1. The genitive is used with prepositions to denote the
object from which an action proceeds, as ijicc4 vapa rov orpo-
TqyofVy he 18 come from the general,

2. The daMve is used to denote the object hy which an
action takes place, as fUvti irapa T«p oT/oanfyw, fie remains BY
(at the side of) the general,

3. The accusative is used to denote the object towards
which the motion is directed, as cAawci mpa rov arparriyovy
he is advancing to the general,

Yocabnlary.

ayycXo9, -ov, o, . a rrve^enger.

\l0os, -ov, 6, a sfonc.

\6<f}o^, -ov, o, a Atff.

Xo^ay05, -o5, 6, (Xoxot, a company, and ayM) a captain,

vo/jio^, -ov, 6, a fet^;.

irehCov, -ov, to, a plain,

OTparriyos, -ov, 6, (arrparoty an army, and &fm) a general,

)(pva'Cov, -ov, TO, (dim. of xp^ros, gold) gold mxmey^

qold.

Digitized by VjOOQIC



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 13

ExereteM.

I. ^1. 6 ayyeXo9 akr/devarei. ^2. to 8k ircSibi/
TTvpov^ &f}€pG^. M 3. iiia/€T€ irapa r^ {rrparfiy^,

4. o Xo^aTW 7r€ii7t€i arrpaTuuTas iK^ rfj^ Ktafirj^.

5. KOLL^ arparriydi kolL Xo^ayol Ovo'Qva'w. 6. iccu
i^airurvj^ oi arpan&rau, <f>€pov(n Xidov^. 7. ira/oa
Tw oT/oartairw miiirei t^* Kv/t^ ayycXoi/.

n. 1. o* o&z* KXcap;(09 iKyiirti Avkiov iin
{upon) TOfi/ \6<f)w. 2. TOV9 AoiceSat/toi/tbi;? kXevtcip
K€aKv€L vofjuo^. 3. 6 §€ oTparqyo^ Xa/i)8ai^t ro

m. 1. The messengers were running from (the
side of) the tent into the plain. 2. But Clearchus
sends the gold to the soldiers. 3. The generals will
lead® the army. 4. The general commanded the
captain to march into the plain.

IV. 1. For the general destroys the bridge and
inarches into Phrygia. 2. The soldiers desire to
sacrifice to both gods and goddesses.



* To be learned with care.

* ««pa with the genitive means strictly from the side oft while 4{
means out of. So iropa with the accusative means to the side of but cki
into. '

' KoC.KcU, correlative conjunctions, hoth...aruL

* i 141, N. 1 a.

* Postpositvoe. See note 3, Lesson V.

^ The future of ayM is &£<• (aYHn*), i 16, 2.



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14



FIRST LESSOSrS IN GREEK.



LESSON VII.

Verbs : Aorist, Perfect, and Fluperfeot Indicatiye Actiye.

Grammak : § 92, 4, III. and IV. h; § 110, III. 1, and
IV. & ; § 96, 1., Aorist J Perfect, and Pluperfect Indicative
Active of XvQ) ; § 95, 2, I., first column ; § 113, 2, I.^ sec-
ond and fourth columns ; § 99, 1 and 2 (with a and c) ;
§100,1; § 101, 1, 2, and 4.



Tocabalary.

aB€K<f)6s^ -ov, o,

fiovXevo), fat. fiovXevo'Q), aor. c)8ou-
Xcucra, perf. fiefiovKevKa, (PowXtf,

a p^an)

Sacr/jtd?, -ov, o,
SZpov, -ov, TO,
opKO^, -ov, O, (ftpy«», to restrain)

o-iyrj, -'^9, 17,

ro^eva), fut. ro^evira), aor. iro^evaa,

(toJov, a 6oio)
TO^OTTj^, -OV, 6, {roipv, a bow)



a brother.



to plan, to devise,
a tax, an impost
a gift
an oath,
silence.

to shoot with a bow.

a bowTnan.



Exercises.

I. 1. ot Se fidpfiapoL 17877 XeXv/cacrt ras y€(}>vpa^.
2. ra? (TTTOvSa? eXcXv/cetre. 3. o yap craTpdirq^;
eKeXevae roifs TroXtra? Saafiovs mfnreu/. 4. 01 Sc
TToXefiLOL roifs^ opKovs XekvKaaiv. 5. reOvKafiev^
rot? ^eot?. 6. v/jtct?/ Z (TTpaTiSiTai, rrjv ye(l>vpav
iXva-are. 7. 6^ 8e KXeap^o^ ToXfiiByjp^ /c€/ccXcvkc
aiyriv KrjpvTrea/.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 15

U. 1. 6 Kvpo^ fievew rw aTparrffov eKeXevcrei^,
2. im-avOa 6 fidpfiapo^ eycXacrcv. 3. kol 6 crrfxt-
TT/yo? ioTpdreva-ep im (against) Tfjv tov crarpdnov
')(€opca/.

III. 1. They have planned to break the truce.
2. I sacrificed to both gods and goddesses. 3. Wo
have ordered the bowmen and the targeteers to
send gifts. 4. But the barbarians shot from^ their*
horses. 5. For ^ his brother had ordered Cyrus to
send imposts. 6. The captain has ordered the
hopHtes to take the arms.

IV. 1. And Cyrus commanded Orontas to take
the soldiers. 2. The generals have broken their
oaths; for they have not^ sacrificed to the gods.



* The vocative singular is &8cX^ with irregular accent. See{ 42, 1, k.
« j 141, N. 2. 3 J 17, 2.

* FoM, nominative plural of the personal pronoun gnJ, thou,

* I 141. H. 1 o. • J 134, 2.
^ atn, with the genitive.

** The Greek word is postpositive. See note 3, Lesson V.
•oiJ29.



LESSON Till.

Honna: The Attic Second Declension.— The Adnominal Genitive.

Grammar: § 42, 2; § 22, n. 2; § 25, 2, n.; § 167,
with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6,



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16 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Examples.

§ 167, 1: al Tov <rar/)a7rov^'i^oi/Aat, <Ae satrap's viHo^e*,

§ 167, 2: ij Tciu oTpaTuariou ewouL, the good-will of
THE SOLDIERS (i.e. which the soldiers feel),

§ 167, 3: 6 T(ov vo^efufov if>6fios, the fear of the pnemy
(i.e. which is felt toward them).

§ 167, 4: Seica ofia^ac verpZy, ten wagpnrloads of
stones.

§ 167, 5 : irorayuo^ irkeOpov, a river of (one) plethrum
(in breadth) ; Scica Tjfup&v oSos, a journey
OF TEN days; hiiaj heKa Takajn-on^, a law-
suit OF (i.e. involving) ten talents.

§ 167, 6 : Scica rZv avOpciinav, ten OP the men.



Toeabidary.




yilUpa, -a9, 17,


a day.


drfpdo), fut. Orfpaao), aor. iO-qpaaa,




perf. TcOrjpoKa,^


to hunt wUd beasts.


K(oiLapxq^, -ov, 0, (Kcf^ti and ^«i)


a viUage-chief.


XaycS?, -c5, 0,


a hare.


fiLO-Oo^, -ou, 0,


pay^ hire.


OtW)5, -ov, 0,


WINE.'


TTOtSlbl/, -OV, TO, (dim. ofwaS8,acAt7<0


a little child.


VtO?, -OV, 0,


a son.


Exercises.





I. \, iv (in) Tot9 a*'c4y€^9 dyjcav pov^ evptaKovaiv,
©erraX^ Scica TjfJLcpioi/ pLiO'dai^. 4. Tail/ S^ IXcXottov-



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 17

PTfo-Can^ expfjiey oirXtra? eKarw. 5. irapa roU rw
deSn^ v€^% €jfji€i^oi/. 6. aXX*i^(&u<) iKpunrere r^ rov
*AfyraL^p^ov iniopKiav. ^"^^

II. 1. Kvpo^ yap eir€/Air€ fiCKow owov. 2. 6
Tov KO}fidp)(ov vto9 Xaya>9 drfMaei,. 3. rov9 Tap-
(roif^ aprrdiovo'L Sta (oTi aceound^jffbv okeOpw rZv
oT/MiTuora)!/.* 4. KCLLTOL {and ^tj ^01 TTCuSta rw
arpoLTyiyw a/ MiXifr^.

III. 1. We will sacrifice in the temples. 2. The
soldiers admire the hall. * 3. He Jaad caught five
{irarrc) hares. 4. ^We have five hares- and a jar of
wine. 5. For thirty of the hoplites are surrounding
the village. ^ 6. But the soldiers had destroyed the
wagons on account of' their fear of the enemy.

IV. 1. The brother of the village-chief sent the
bowmen ten days' pay. 2. Thereupon they threw*
their little children down from^ the rocks of the
stronghold.

* Note carefully iheponlwn of th^/attributive genitive, } 142, 1.

« { 17, ?. 'V'r \

' The Greek word was originally proi^gjinced witH'^he digamma ({ 1,
H. 2), Foiiwt* The Latin word is vinum.
« That is, ivt^w-n, i 16, 2.
» i 12. 1, and i 24, 3.

* i 142, 2, K. 2, end.

' Express on account of by Sid with the accusative.

* Ippivroy. See i 15, 2.

* Express down from by xard. For the case, see Rem. 1 in Lesson VK .



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18 FIEST LESSONS IN GEEEK.



LESSON IX.

UToTULs: Oontracta of the First and Second Declensions.—
Apposition.

Grammar : § 8 ; § 9, with 1> 2, 3 (and n.), and 4 ;
§ 24, 1; § 38; § 43, with n., 1 and 2; § 137.

Examples.

§ 137 : Ev/)vXoxo5 6 oTrXxny?, EuryhchuSf the hoplite.
^vpv\6)((^ T^ OTrhlrjiy to Euxyhchusy the hop-
lite.

Tocabidaiy.

apryvpiov, -ov, to, (dim. of ofryvpoty sU- a piece of silveVy

ver; cf. ofryoty white) TTlOTiey.

yfj (yea), 779, r/, earth, land,

liTiTo^, -ov, 6 or 17/ a horse, a mare.

Kca/ow {icaa/eov), koi/ov, to, a basket.

opo^, -ov, 6 or rj, an om.
ir\ovs (irXoo?), irXov, 6, (wXf«, to sail) a voyage,

voTafio^, 'OV, 6, a river.

\ji4\iop, -ov, TO, a bracelet

Exercises.



2



I. 1. o OMceny? clj^e ito/tc apryvpiov /ivSis.
2. iu §€ rp 'ApajSt^ ^v (was) 17 yrj ircStw. 3. rC



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 19

{what) iv v(^ €X€T€ ; 4. 6 S^ nkov^ Icmv^ (is) ew ras
*A0riva^. 5. iire/i^lfe rov SvdfHairov *Apixuoi 6 arpa-
TTfyos. 6. o' ry 75 apxavci AcuccSaifioi/iot k<u ii/

TJJ UOLAOLTTQ*

II. 1. €P r^ V66I €0v€ r^ Oe^ *^PI^V* 2. d Se
To^oTTi^ TO Kavovv idavfio^a/* 3. 6 Se KSpos r^
aj/0pwiTo> 8&pa errepAlKv, vtnrov kcu xj/eXia kcu {ww
apyvpiov.

m. 1. He wishes to send five minae of silver.
2. The horses and asses of Phamabazus, the satrap,
kept running * into the sea. 3. ' Cyrus, the brother
of Artaxerxes, sends the bowmen ten days* pay, five
minae of silver.

rV. 1. Cyrus, the (son)* of Darius, wishes to be
king in place tf® his brother. 2. He therefore
©rders his generals to assemble "^ hoplites and targe-
teers, and marches through Lydia to* the river
Maeander.®



1 I 33, 2, N. 2, first two liaes.

• The neuter fiingular accusative of the interrogative pronoun tI«.
Consult, further, § 23, 1, n., and § 31.

» Enclitic, § 27, 3, and J 28, 1. See also J 13, 1, n. 1.

• Kept running, imperfect. ^ dyOpolto*
» Omit, and see J 141, is. 4. ' * hrL

• In place of, iani with the genitive. • 2 142, 2, n. 6.



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20 FIEST LESSONS IN GREEK.

LESSON X.

Verbs : Tbe Indicative Active.

Grammae: §96, L, the Indicative Active; § 112, 1,
and 2, except the Middle and Passive endings (read
§ 112, 2, N., and the first and last four lines of 4); § 113,
1, and 2, I.; § 95, 1, 1., the synopsis in the Abtive voice of
the Indicative of Xwo (observe carefully the tense stems) ;
§ 99, 1 and 2 (entire); § 100, 1 and 2 ; § 101, 1, 2, 3, and
4; § 103; § 105, 1; § 109, 1; § 195; § 200.

^ • Examples.

§ 195: rov^ oTrXtra? Tjyov, they led the hoplites (the
subject is represented as acting).

Yocabnlaiy.

ayo), afco, rjxoL (in comp.),^ to lead.

iKKXr/crLa, -a?, 17, {U and koX/m, to call) an assembly.
CTTt^eipco), iwLX'^Lp'ija'O}, cttc^^ci-

prfo-a, imK€)(€ipriKa, (M and x«^» to lay hand to, to

the hand) try,

voUo), TTonja-a), iwoir)(ra, iT€iroirjKa, to do, to make.

iroXiopKia), irokiopKTJa'O), cTroXtop- to besiege, to block-

Krj(ra, weTToXiopKrjKa, ade>,

rekevrdd), T€\£imja'(o, cTcXeiiifjiii^ i& end one's life, to

T€T€k€VTrfKa, {rAmnw^ fiko>§r end) die.

TLiid(o,rLix7](Ti0,inii7ia'a,r€TLiiriKa,^ to honor.

<fxovr], -Tf^ ^, speech, language.



Digitized by LjOOQIC



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 21

|!xereises.

I. 1. o Se Aap€to)rr€T€\evTTJK€L^ Kol *Afyra$€p(rf^
i/SaaiXevQ^. 2. Sta rov Trehiov & eU r^v OaKaTrau
Ka0iJK€i iKaw€L.€U Tapaoik. 3. o Si arparriyo^

jp^oT€ iwoiyjo'ei^ iKKkqa-iav rSn^ arparutnSnf. 4. o Sc
Ki)/>09 7r6kLopKija'€L MiXrjTov icai* Kara (fry) y^i^ itat
Kara OaKarrca/. 5. ot Sc crrpariMrai rov aTparriyov
r€^ efiakkav kclL ra v^ro^i^ia. 6. rjvpi.a'Kov^ Sc koll
vevpa €P rat9 Kci/iais kclL /JLoXvfihon/.

II. 1. arcl (when) 8c ireXevrrfO'e Aapeio^, 6 <ra-
rpamj^ SiefioKke Kvpop, 2. (yravOa oi mkifjuoi
Koeiv ivexeipT/a'ay ra? Kco/Aa?. o^. icat t^ arparffy^
vpoo'€Tp€)(€rriv Svo i^ai/tcr/co), ;

III. 1. V/e shall besiege the emporium by land
and sea. 2. He has written "^ a letter to* Arta-
xerxes. 3. For I have been a slave, and say that
(art) I know the men's language. 4. I led the sol-
diers among (eU) the barbarians.

IV. 1. And thence he descended® into a plain.
2. For Cyrus had honored him^^ on account of (his)^^
fidelity.

NOTES.

» i 110, IV. b, » J 101, 4, N.

* S 32, 2, H., first paragraph. * See note 3, Lesson VI.

* t« . . . KttC, both . . . and. See also { 27, 4.

* cvpCoictt.

^ The final letter of stems in ^ (as 7pa^ in ypo^) remains unchangecJ
in the perfect and pluperfect active, J 110, IV. 6.

* vopa with the accusatiye. ^^ avroV,

* Imperfect. " Omit.



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22 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.



LESSON XI.

Verbs: The Present and Imperfect Indicative of €t/xt. — Heater
Flnral Subject, and Dative of the Possessor.

Grammar : § 127, 1., the Present and'linperfect Indica.-
tive of ct/u ; § 26, with N. 4; § 27, with 3; § 28, with 1,
2, and 3; § 133, 1, n. 1; § 135, 2; § 184, 4.

' Examples. Iff

§ 135, 2:%v^ fap eam.^ vXota, for there are no boats.
§ 184, 4: coTt^ Kvpi^ irapoSctcro?, Cyrus has a park.

Tocabnlary.

Ku/hwos, -ov, 6, danger y peril,

irapaheiao^y -ov, 6, a park,

inf/rjy -'§9, ij, a spring, a (river's) source,

irkolovy -ov, TO, (wX^«», <o sail) a vessel, a transport.

TroXc/xo9, -OV, o, o^ar.

7ro\€/i.t09, -ov, 6, (iroXinos) a?l enemy in war: plur. ot

TToXe/Aiot, <A6 enemy.
criTo?,^ -ov, 6, grain, food.

<j>i\o^y -ov, 6, a friend.

Exercises.



I. 1. ^fjjep G/ r<5 TrapaScio-G). 2. a-rpwniorrjp
icTvi/. 3. hnavda rjo'av kw/jlox. 4. g' Kii/Swots'
ecryLev. 5. KXca/j^os AaiccSat/AOi/ios * iji'. 6. cl cttI



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 23

{in the power of)f^^ oSeXt^. 7. hnaxida Kvpt^
fiaurCkeia* ^v'^ Kol irapoZ^uao^.

11. 1. arpdriMTai, ^crav oi Kvpov ^iXot. 2. ^
Tol Kvptf TTokefiO^ ir/ap9 Mv<rov9. 3. ccm^ Sc mu
(also) ^Apra^p^ov fiao't^ia iy Kekcuval^ ivl raU
mjyav; rov Maptrvov Trorofiov.

m. 1. For '(there) was food in the villages.

2, And it was not * possible ® to capture the asses.

3. Oyxu^ has a. stronghold at the sources of the
river. 4. The soldier^ have arms and horses.

IV. 1. Y<m (plural) are in the power of the
generals. 2. Since Clearchus has soldiers and boats,
he will besiege the enemy's stronghold.



» 5 29. » I 141, N. 2.

* J 28, H. 1, at the end. • A neuter plural.
» 8 60, 2. » J 135, N. 1.

* i 136. • J 13, 2, first paragraph.

* It waspauible: use simply the proper form of fljftL



LESSON XII.

A^jectiTess First and Second Declensions. — Aoonsatiye of
Extent.

Grammar: § 62, 1, 2, and 3 (and n.); § 63; § 64;
§ 138 (and read the Remark); § 161.



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24 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Examples.

§ 138: 1) o aoifjoq wOfXtmo^, the "wise man; rova-KHJiov
dpffptoirov, ToJ (TO^ aa/dptoTrq), top cofffov
ap0p(oirop, rmv a'o<f>civ aj/0p(O7r(ov, etc.

2) ^v 8c irapa top 'Ev<f>pdT7)p irapoSo$ aremj,

but there was a narrow passage aiong the
Euphrates (an attributive adjective).

3) ^v yap 17 ndpoSo^ crrevrj, for ike passage was

NARROW {di, predicate adjective).
§ 161: €/x€i^€ Scica rjfupa^, lie remained ten days
(time).
i^ekawei wapaardyya^ eLKoai,, he advances

TWENTY PARASANGS (spaoc).

Yocabnlaiy.

aypio^, -a, -ov, (^p^y afield) living in thejidds, wild.

aiia^LTo^, -05, -w» (V»l») payable hy wagons.

Ikeo)^, -o>9, -<w, propitious.

KoKo^, 'ij, -ov, beautiful.

fiaKpo^, -a, -6v, (|it|Kot, length) long.

6805, -o5, -7, a way, a road.

Trapao'dyyri^, -ov, o, a league, a parasang.

oTadfio^, -ov, 6, a day s journey, a stage.

Exercises.

I. 1. hnavOd curt Ka^fiai fcaXal /leaToi cCtov^
Kot owov. 2. hn-avOa [lei/ei, Kvpo^ kouL r/ orpaTid
Tipjipa^ GLKoau/.^ 3. oi Oeol tXc^ -^(rai/. 4. oi^oc 8*



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 25

aypioi od? ot arparimax Bfipcurova'U^ ip r^ nm^
ticrw. 5. ot XoXSacbi ikvaO^pol re jcal' aXjci/toi
^crca/* Sir\a S* S)(pv^ T^PP^ yjucpa mu Xoy;(at.

H. 1. €roifio9 c^t ^aweti'. 2. 17 8^ eitrfidkfi

XoLwei araOiJLoifq Bvo wapao'aiyya^ Scita eiri rw
"irdpai^ irora/xw.

III. 1. He sends two thousand hoplites and ten
thousand targeteers. 2. There* were a thousand
Tvild asses in the plain. 3. Thence he marches ten
days through Phrygia, a friendly country.

IV. 1. The generals marched, forth into a friendly
country. 2. Thence he marches five stages, thirty
parasangs, to * the som-ces of the river. 3. In this
place {hnavOa) there was a beautiful park.



NOTES.



' Adjectives of fdlness and want, like the corresponding verbs, take
the genitive. See { 180, with 1, and { 172, 1. '* { 104.

« 2 13, 1, with H. 2. » Omit.

' See note 5, Lesson X. « M.



LESSON XIII.

Verbs I Present, Lnperfeot, and Future IndieatiYe Middle.

Grammar : § 92, 4, 1, and II.; § 110, 1, and II.; § 96,
I.,* Present; Imperfect, and Future Indicative Middle of

Digitized by VjOOQIC



26 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Xwo; § 95, 2, L, second paragraph; § 112, 2, Middle and
Passive endings; § 113, 1, first paragraph, and 2, II., first
and second columns, with N. 1; § 199, with 1, 2, and 3.

Examples.

§ 199, 1: rpen-inrrai irpo^ \jj(rmai^, tkey turn them-

SELVES to piro/cy.
§ 199, 2: TTopCCovTOL ortroi', tliey procure food fob, tkeu-

SELVES.

§ 199, 3 : kvaovrai, ra iraiSia, they will ransom their
(own) children.

So also : ^wq>» to ward offy but dfiwofjMiy to ward off from
ones self; air-cx<tt, to hold off^ but kicAyp^jax^ to hold ones self
off, to refrain; fiovXewo^ to plan^ but PovKevo/Juu^ to plan with
ones self to deliberate; Tropev^ to make go, but iropvoofiat^ to
make one's self go, to proceed; ^oii^q), to show, but ^Kofuu, to
show one*s self^ to appear; etc.

Yoeabnlary.

^PXn* '^^* ^' (*w^**» ^ "*^) rule, oommavd^ province.

8ovXo9« -ov« o, a slave.

deo^t -oC, 6 orij, a god, a deity.

t)(i^U>V, -OV, TO, (dim. inform of

fXvot» a track) a tro^k.

oirXoi^, -ov, TO, an implement : plur. arms,

nopevo), nopevcfo, hropev-

era, (wrfpot, a woy octom) fo 7yia^6 go, to convey.

OTfKLTui, -as, 7), (rrpcwrrft, an

army) an army.

To^ov, -OV, TO, a bow.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 27



Exercises.

I. 1. a^oi ra on-Xa icat row unrov?. 2. oc 8^
SovXot i<j>aivovTO. 3. 6 S^ crarpainf^ ifiov\€V€ro.
4. -ij Sc orpaTia inopC(jeTO crirov. 5. cJ? ra? fcci/^a?
ol (rrpanZraL rpe^vroL.^ 6. ot oirXircu rpeirovrai^
TOV5 TToXc/ttbvs. 7. Kot €^*' ofia^T/S enx}p€V€ro.

H. 1. I^cuSmcto i;;(i^ia unnui^. 2. airei;(({/ie^a ^
8ta rov9 roii^ ^cw^ opKow. 3. Kv/ooi^ 8^ /tcra-
^fiircrcu diro r^9 ^PXJJ^ ^^ ainw (Am) aarpawriv
iTToCrjcre.^ 4. toi' * Apr(i^4p(yp* pjanoi, ireipacofieOa ^
crw ToT^ tfcow afiweadaiJ

m. 1. The citizens ransomed their (own) chil-
dren with money .• 2. Wild asses appeared in the
plain. 3. Thereupon the bowmen sent for their
bows. 4. He will lead his (own) army into Cilicia.

IV, 1. We shall send for ten thousand hoplites.
2. And then ^® they proceeded to the river. 3. The
enemy put the army to flight.

NOTI9.

< Page 98.

' Consult the general yocabnlary under rpiwm,
» I 17. 1. M 104. » J 167, 3.

' The English idiom requires the pluperfect. For the two accusa-
tives, see 2 166.

» i 109, 1. • Dative, { 188, 1.

* Present mfinitive middle. ^ And then, dra, %i.



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28 FIEST LESSONS IN GREEK,



LESSON XIT.

A^jeotiYeB : Oontracts of the First and Second Declensions. —
Position of the Article.

Grammar : § 66; § 9, with 1, 2 (and n.), 3 (and n.), and
4; § 24, 1, with »•; § 43, n., 1, 2, 3; § 142, 1 (with n.), 2,
and 3.

Examples,

§ 142, 1: o cro<^9 apOpoiiro^, the wise man; oi r&v
%7jfiaUt)v orpaTTiyoi, the generala op the
Thebans.

% 142, 2 : avdpamo^ 6 arxfto^ or o SvOpoyiro^ 6 arHf>6^,
the wise man ; al oTparffffoi ot tSv ©17-
fiauov, the generaU op the Thebans.

§ 142, 3 : 6 oi/dfxono^ <ro<f>6^ or coifiQS 6 at/Opoiiro^ (sc.
iarip), the man is wise.

Yocabulary.

aya06<s, -17, -rfi% goodj virttums^ brave,

acro5, -ov, 6, a/i eagle.

aShn/, -ov, t<J, a prize.

dXaytcrro9, -09, -01^, («^ priv.* and

XoYCtofiAs eo consider; cf. x<^yo«, x^-^) inconstderoie.

fiaa-Ckeui^, -09, -oi', (ponXtvs, *in^) roT/al^ kingly.

evvov^ (ciW)?), -ovs, -ow, (Wi

ti;eZ^ and vov») Well-dispOSed.

lxecro<:, -17, -01/, middle.

<rrjii€tov, -ov, ro, (rniMt <» sign) a sign^ a standard.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 29

Exereifles.

I. 1. aXX* ©JTi^ Kvpo) Tj ap)(ri 17 irarp^a.

2. oiHiv^ hk Tov^ aypiov^ oi aTpaTi&TOL &uaKow.

3. Tou hk ^(opia aarpairevaovcrw ot rov Kvpov
d8€Xxf>ov ^Xoi.' 4. ol KoXoi* re* Kayoiffdi* Kvp<(}
€^oL ^caa/. 5. Kvpo? 8c cSowcc^ (S'^ve) t^
ai/0p<o'n'ip arpemov 'xg yp'ow kclL ^Xia icou aKwaicqv
Xpv€rovv*

II. 1. eSoiicc Se KOi if>iakqv apyvpop, 2, ^puo^ov
Of TCii^ Kci/juu^ raU \nrkp [above) rov ircStou. 3. Sta
fjuecrov^ 8c rov vtupaheia-ov pel^ 6 Maxav8po^ Trora-
/X05. 4, oix^^ ovrtos, 3 KXca/);(f, dXoytoTOi kcfia/,
aXka, roL^ rov Kvpov ^Xoi9 cvi^ot.

m. 1. But the Persian bows are long. 2. The
royal standard was a golden eagle. 3. The soldiers
are well-disposed toward ^^ their general.

IV. 1. But the prizes were necklaces of gold.
2- The satrap's boats are unseaworthy.

NOTES.

> I 131, 4 a.

* 2 28, u. 1, at the end. For the following dative, see 2 184, 4.
' English order: ol ^(Xot rov aScX^v.

* 2 139, 1. * See note 5, Lesson X.

• Kol dyaOoCy J 11, 1, with a, and J 24, 2. The coronis (' ) is used to
mark the crasis.

'' Aorist third singular (first singular cSoxa) of S(8«|Uy a verb in fu,
I 93, 3.

8 g 142, 4, N. 4.


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