John Williams White.

A series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... online

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J 98, N. 1. irfCoio|&ai is the future of «iiorx« on the stem «iy6 (for wfv6-
(ro|Mu).



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 87

^ Cum primum, just cu soon cu. See forUier note 7, above.
" 2 254. But for the verb in the next sentence, which is not m pro-
hibition, { 252.
^ For the tense, see I. 6, above. " See note 4, Lesson XXXIV.
'* 8 186. w Use tvX.

** Use the aorist, and see { 260, 2, v. 1.
" 8 277, 1.



IE8S0N XLI.

Yerbfl ! The Fntnie and Pint Aorirt Stenu in Liquid Yerbi.

Grammar: § 92, 1, 2 (with n.), 3 (with n.), and 4, with
n. and III. ; § 110, 11. 2, and III. 2; § 111, 11. and III.,
last two verbs ; § 95, 1, III.,^ II. and III., and 2 (with n.) ;
S 96, III.,* the Future and First Aorist Active and Mid-
dle of^fxxwfo^ in all the moods; § 108, IV., with 2, c and d,
and 3.

Toeabalary.

ayycXXoi (ayycX-), ayycXS,
i^yyctXa, -^yycXica, ijyy€\fiaL,
ifyyikOriV, (&inrAot» o messenger,

from fiy«» to Wn^r) ^ auTumnce.

aurxwQ} (ataxw-)f awrxi/J'S,

y<r)(wa, 'Q<r)(6v9yp^i (•W®«f ^^ shame ; com. as dep.

sAame, disgrace) pass, to be ashamed,

a/iwio (a/iw^-), diixn/ci, rjfiwa, to ward off ; mid.

fo defend ones
self, to punish.
hc-Kkwia [kkw'), KkwSi, cicXii/a,

KeKki/MaL, ekkCffrjj/,^ (icXCniy to fo Jenc? cm< of line, to
hcnd, to incline) give Way.



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88 FIEST LESSONS IN GREEK,

KdUo (icav-) or Kaxo, Kavcoi, etcreg., to bum.

/jLO/o}, fi€i^&, i/juewa, /xcfte^ica/ to remain.
ayiiMOLu/o) [(TfiiKW-), (rtfiiav&, kairjiiriva^

oeaijiiaLa'iJLaL,^ €(rrifiaiv07p/, (**«. sign) to give signal.
Teivfo (rci'-), r€U(o, ereu/a, reraica, rera-

/icu, kradypf^ to stretch.

Exercises.

I. 1, Kv/oos ovT€ aXkw m/iirei, ainiavowra' o rt
^)(prj Trovew ovre avro^ <f>au^TaL. 2. ai(r)(yi/oviji^da kolL
0€ov^ Kol avOpomov^ * raCra irouiv. 3. kojL ivravOa
€iJi€a/ap oi arpariSnai, r/fiepas iran'c. 4. ortj) Soicet
ravra, dt/aTeivdrcj ttjp ^et/oa. 5. icat tov^ trnXiras
aifTov^ ^KcXevcre fji^lvcu. 6. iccu €6 rt irapayy^Xai
■^y^oia/, iv rjiua'€i, &,v XP^^V o-icrOduoLTo ro <rrpd'
reu/jta. 7. cfj^yyctXc rot? <^Xots t^v Kpiaw^^ m^
(how) €ya/€TO. 8. o rt 8c TroLijceL, oi Suurrjiiav^.

II. 1. <rv Sc TTpSyro^ diro^vai^^ yvcjiir/v. 2. €^-
#cXii/ec^ <^o-t rov9 fiap/Sapov^ #cat <f)€v^€(r6cifL.

3. hnavda Xeycrat^^ 'AttoXXoiv iKBelpcu Mapcniav.

4. oSticoiWa iiarroL Pacikia weLpacrofieOa crw Tot9
^coJ? afivvourdai. 5. iweiBw 8c o craXirty/cn)^ cny-
/xT/i^ TftJ Kepan, (rvo'Kevd^ea'Oe. 6. otto)? 8* apwov-
fieOa ^' iirifieXoviieda.

III. 1. I will announce this. 2. Cyrus remained
there thirty days. 3. I will quickly answer you.
4. They did not await the hoplites. 5. He says **
he will quickly give them ^^ answer.



Digitized by VjOOQ IC •



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 89

IV. 1. Shall I announce a truce or war?
2. What will the rest answer to Cyrus? 3. To"
this the Gh-eeks made reply. 4. He says that the
barbarians at once gave way. 5. He sent men to
bum^ the fodder.

NOTCS.

' Pages 90, 91. Give the aynopsia of each tense separately by moods
across the page, first in the active and then in the middle.

• Pages 106-109 inclusive. See further note 3, Lesson XXXV.

' Conjugate in the same manner the future and first aonst active and
middle of rriKKm through all the moods.

4 J 109, 6. • ? 109, 6. F.

* 2 109, 8. ' S«® Lesson XL., I. 7.

8 2 158» ^' 2. The following infinitive is a secondary object of the
same verb* { 260, 1. • An adverb.

^ A noun which properly belongs to the dependent sentence is oflen
transferred (usually with change of case) to ihe principal sentence. The
object is to give it a more emphatic position. We might have had, «k ij

" { 199, 3. " See II. 2, above.

" See note 1, Lesson XXXIX. " Dative.

13 2 217. '* *P^ ^^^ ^^® accusative.



LESSON XLII.

FroBOTUiB : DemonBtratiye, Literrogatiye, Indefinite, and Belative.

Grammar : § 83, with n. 1, first paragraph; § 28, n. 3;
§ 148; § 142, 4; M 84, 1, 2 (with the first half of n. 2),
and 3; § 149, 1 and 2; § 150; § 86, with n. 1; § 151.

Examples.

§ 149, 1 : ripa^ o/ocS ; whom do I see f rwa<; ai/hpa^
opS) ; WHAT men do I see ?



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90 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

§ 149, 2 : Tt povkerau ; what does he want ? iporra tI
(or o Ti ^) ^ovXea-de, he asks what you want

§ 150 : TovTo Xeyei rts, some one says this ; ai/dptoiro^
Tt9, some man; 6p& wdptorrov Ttva, I see
A CERTAIN man, or I see A man.

§ 151 : 7rapaS€i(ro9 Orjpuov TrkijpYi^, a Kvpo^ iOij-
pevev, a park fitU of vnld beasts, which
Oyncs used to hunt.

Tocabnlary.

oipyo^3 -o9, 'Ov, (cu priv. and IpYov) Without worlc, idle.
yi/co/jLTi, -t;9, Tj, (TtTvAncw,' to know) judgment^ purpose^

opinion.
8oK€(o (8oK-*), So^o), cSofa,

SeSoy/iat^ iSo^Orjv, to seem, to think.

irr-au/€<o, alvdaw, ypeaa, yi/^Ka,

'QVriliaL, yi/dOriV,^ (4iK, intens., and

alvfM, to praise; cf. cavos, prawe) fo approve, to praiSe.

7rat5, 7rat8o5,® 6 or 17, a cAiZo?, a son, a

daughter.

TToKtop, -OV, to, (irdXX», to brandish) a javelin.

TeKfjLTjpLoi/, 'ov, TO, (Wicjiop, a sure a swTc Sign, a posir

sign) tive proof,

Tporro^, -ov, o, (rpcirw, to turn) a tum, a manner,

(of persons) disposi-
tion, character.
Exereises.
I. 1. K(u oSrot^ ftci^ ifi€Pov, ol 8* dXXot® ctto-
pevouTO. 2. ct Aapeiov ian irats, cftos 8€ d8eX^09,



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 91

ovK dfiaxel ravr iyw Xi^i/ro/xai.^ 3. €i 8^ n$ aXXo
opa fieXriai^, Xcfaro). 4. €v0v^ &€ eiccu/os dircXawct
TOW orTpaTiayra^. 5. Ti irpa')(drja'€Tax ; 6. ipan^
ovro9 o Tt 'noiovfiG/. 7. apyol cjo)!/ ovrot ot avdfxa-
TTot. 8. ot Se oTpaTL&raL, ol re auroO iKeivov kcu ot
dXXoiy ravra aicovcraj/rc?, hngv^a-av.

II. 1. rovro avrot inoLela-dc. 2. ovro? 8^ 6 av-
T09 iccXcvct i7fid9 irop^ika'dax. 3. Tt9 ourcn fiau/€T€u
ocm9 ov povXeral (roi ^Xo9 clival ; 4. crv o5i/ crvfi-
Povkeva-ou tumu/, o tl croi Soicei apvcrrov €luaL. 5. rd
avrd raCra Povkevovrai. 6. Kv/:>oi^ 8^ dicorr^et ti9
TraXroJ vtto toi/ oj^dakfLov fivaUa^. 7. Xeyovcrt 8c
Tiyc9 Ta8€.

III. 1. And he commands them to say this.
2. What will the rest of® the soldiers do? 3. And
these did so}^ 4. He speaks as follows.^ 5. I pur-
sued with the aid of ^^ these. 6. But there was a
certain Athenian in the army.

IV. 1. He collected his own army and spoke
as follows. 2. What opinion have you? 3. But
another army was collected for him in the following
manner.^ 4. But the following (fact) is a proof of
this.

NOTES.

* See the example in Lesson XIX.
' 2 149, 2, second paragraph.

' The stem is -yvo-. On the formation of the present from this simple
stem, see |U|fcni(nc», note 3, Lesson XXIX.

* 1 108, VII.



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92 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

^ Except in the perfect passive, the short vowel of the stem is re-
tained, i 109, 1, N. 2 b.

• J 25, 3, N. 1. • Future of XafftPavM.

' i 148, IT. 1. '<» ©««•«.

« i 142, 2, w. 3 a. " TTi^^ «^ aid of, «rw.

" J 160, 2, where the first example, tovtov r6v rpoirovi means in the
PRECEDING manner.



LESSON XIIII.

Terbs: Perfect Middle Stem.

Grammar: § 92, 4, IV. a; § 110, IV. a entire; § 111,
IV. a; § 95, 1, 1.,^ IV. a, 11.,^ IV. a, and III.,« IV. a;
§ 96, I., the Perfect and Pluperfect Middle* and Passive*
of XiJo) in all the Moods; § 97 entire; § 16, 1, 2, 3, and 4.

Tocabnlarjr.

Sta-cnrei/xu {a"irep^\ (rrrepw,

ccTTrctpa, cicnrap/iat, {m(p», to to scatter ahroad; mid.

sow) to scatter J intrans.

i\dYX<o» ikiy^^^' i^Xeyfa, ikij'

Xcyftat, riXiyx^V^' ^ confute^ to convict

evvoia, -a?, tj, (c^-voos) goodrwilL

KpWCJ {iCpW'), KpivSi, €KpiVa,

K€Kpuca,^ K€Kpificu, iKpCdrjp, to separate^ to judge,

oSs,^ 0}T6^i TO, EAR.

moTOTTi^, -yjTo^, 7/, (iruTTos) JuMity.

(TKeXo^, '€o^, TO, a leg,

j(aXKfi>/jta, -aT09,TO,(xaXicos,6ron2;c) a brouze viensU.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GBEEK. 93

Exereteefiu

I. 1. ndvra '^fiw^ ireiroLTfTOL. 2. ea-caOe avSpe^
a^Loi ttJ? ikevOefjCa^ ^9* fc/icnjo'^e, 3. TTOcrot rw
arpaTuarZv vTroXeXci/t/i^Vot euru/ ; 4. rourov^ S* ©i^
eyyu9 oXXt^oii' ioTparoireSevadax* 5. a'<f>€t^B6trr) KoXrj
rol OTpaTTfY^ ® TTCwXcicrat. 6. ical oort? v/ioii^ oiicaSe
imdvfiel Tropeiko'daL, iUfivTJ<r0(o ^^ av^p iyado^ c&cu.
7. -^Xavi/cj/ em tov9 Mcwow)9, oJot* iKecvov^ eicire-
ttX-^X^^^^ fcoi rpe^iv irrl ra oirXa.

II. 1. irertiiTja'o yap vtto ^acriXccos St* ewoidv t€
Kcu TnoTorrjTa. 2, a/xa 8* cSct^e^* (rvvTerpLfifi6/ov^
ca/dpwrrov^ kcu (rKeky)^^ icat nKevpd^. 3. ovro? S^
reraypjo/o^ irvy)((W€v " Art T<p eiKovvfitj} rov lirmKov
ap^oa^. 4i Kot iw i7fta9 virdyerai pjQ^€iv Sta ro
Zi^a-irapdax ^ avroJ to arpdrevfia. 5. ovSci^a icpii/ai
viro wXciwo)*' 7r€<f>tX7ia'd(u. 6. ij<ray 8c icai ;(aXK(;u-
ficurt irafi7roXXot9 Karea-Kevaa-p^pOLL ai oucicu.

III. 1. You possess much money. 2. We have
obeyed our commanders in all respects.^* 3. He
says that they have encamped in the villages.
4. Do you not" remember? 5. You have been
enrolled as a slinger.^® 6. But they had been left
behind alone. 7. He had been convicted of theft.**

IV. 1. He has had his ears^ bored. 2. He had
been sent against the barbarians. 3. He said the
soldiers had plaited themselves slings. 4. For they



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94 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

had been armed. 5. You have been drawn up in
line of battle.^^ 6. No friend has been left to us.

NOTES.

' Pages 86, 87. ^ Pages 90, 91.

» Pages 88, 89. * Pages 100, 101.

* See remark at the top of pages 102, 103, above the paradigm.

« 2 109, 6.

' i 60, 5, 24. » § 153.

» i 197, 2. >•» i 200, V. 6.

" The perfect infinitive, when not in indirect discourse, differs from
the present only in being more emphatic, as here, thoroughly frightened.
For the infinitive after Arrt, see { 266, 1.
" Aorist of 8c£kw|u, a verb in |u, J 93, 3.
" J 197, 1, H. 2, last example.
" Sad been stationed^ as it happened, § 279, 4.
'* i 262, 1.

" In respect to all {things), J 160, 1. " J 173, 2.
" i 282, 2. « See II. 2.

>* Say simply to sling, J 265. " See Lesson XVI., II. 5.



LESSON XLIV.

Verbs : Perfect Active and Puture Perfect Stems.

Grammar: § 92, 4, IV. h and c; § 110, IV. b (with 1-5)
and e; § 111, IV. 6 and c; § 95, 1, I.,i IV. b and IV. c,
II.,2 IV. c, and III.,3 IV. b] § 96, I., the Perfect and
Pluperfect Active '* and Future Perfect * of Xvco ® in all the
moods; § 108, VI. and VII.

Vocabulary.

arroSi^pda-KO) (Spa-), arroSpd- to run away, to es-
(roftat, dnohiSpaKa, cape U7iohsei*ved,

yfjpa^, -ao9, TO, (cf. yipm, an old old age, advariced

man) (^ff(^'



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 95

iniopKeeo, kinopKrja'fa, eiruopKrjo'a,'' to swear falsely,

llTUopKr/Ka, (4irl-opKot, against oruii oath) to foTSWeat

ones self.
davaros, -ov, 6, (OviiorK«»» to die) death,

KaTa-mfidoi^ irqhrjo-oiiai, CTnySiycra,

TTCTnJSiyKa, {mfinm^ to leap) to leap dovm.

Kowo^, -7J, '6v, common,

opiido), opfirjcio, etc. reg., (op|ii|, movement, to set in motion;

impuUe) mid. to Set OUt,

ffxta-KOi (^a), (cf. <^|i() to say, to allege.

Exercises.

I. 1. 6 ai/rip Totavra /ih/ TretroiyjKe,, rotavra 8i
Xeyet. 2. * A.Orjvrio'iv eScSovXevfcet 6 ircXracm;?.
3. €7rct8i7 Tr^rrTiOKora 6p^ Kvpop, KarcTnjhria'a/ diro
rov linrov. 4. aior^, <f)iko% rjfiw ovSel? XcXcu/icrat,
aXXa /cat ot npoo'dei/ ovre^^ TroXefivoi rjfiw ecovrai.
5. ra 8c aXXa eU to irvp ippi^a/jLO/. 6. oi Sc
TroXdfiLOL emcjpicJKOLa'L t€ koI ra? o'iroi^8a9 /cat rov^
opKOv^ XekyKaau/. 7. o 8* cl^ TroXXa? 7rpo<l>da€i^
Yivpov €Vp7jKa/(U,

II. 1. /icra raCra ovt€ l^SiVTa *0p6vrav ovrc
redirqKora ov8€i5® 6/)a. 2. ottoctoi 8c tov Bwarov
eyvcjKaa't iraai kolvov eu/ai, oSroi eU to yfjpa^
d<f>LKi/ovvTai, 3. itfyr/ 8* avro to ipyov avrots ftc-
liapTvpy)Kivai. 4. Kv/)09 8c c^^wi' ov9 eiprjKa^^
otpfiaTO arro 'ZdpSetov. 5. Kvpo^ 8c crvyKaXcVa?
rov9 OTparrjYOv^ eke^ev on ovk airoheBpdKaxrL



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96 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

BevCa^ Kot Uacuov. 6, vofLt^ere kv r^Sc rp riijJpq,
kfU T€ KaTaKeKoxftetrOcu ^^ kcu vfjLa^ ov nokv kfiov
varepov.

III. 1. He alleged that he had been a slave ^^ at
Athens. 2. He had already called an assembly of
the soldiers. 3. The army will be instantly ^^ cut
to pieces. 4. If the king has fallen, let us fly.

5. Cyrus has honored him on account of his courage.

6. You have robbed these soldiers of their pay.^*

IV. 1. I do not praise him, if he has done this.
2. The letter will have been written. 3. Have^*
you commanded him to proclaim silence? 4. He
says she has persuaded her husband to fight. 5. If
the barbarians have broken the truce, the gods will
fight on our side.^^

NOTES.

> Pages 86, 87. * Pages 96, 97.

■ Pages 88. 89. » Pages 102, 103.

» Pages 90, 91.

' Conjugate in the same manner the perfect and pluperfect active of
vpowwy ^cUvw, and <rWXX«*» and the future perfect of XiCirw and vpdffVM,
through all the moods.

' J 105, 1, n. 2.

» Sc. <|>0^ou

• 2 283. 9.

^^ Serves as a perfect to «lirov, and is formed on a stem ^-, For Uie
augment, see § 101, 1, n.
" Instantly cut down, J 200, N. 9.

" 4>curK», like ^^ takes the infinitive, J 260, 2, with H. 1.
" i 164.
" { 282, 2.
" In behalf of ua.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK, 97

LESSON XLY.

Verbs : Second Perfect and Second Aorist Stemg.

Grammar : § 90, 2, n. 1 ; § 92, 2, and 4, IV. d and V. ;
§ 110, IV. d and V. ; § 111, IV. d and V. ; § 95, 1, 11.,^
IV. d and V., and III.,» IV. d; § 96, IL,» the Second Per-
fect and Pluperfect Active, and the Second Aorist Active
and Middle of Xcmtw* in all the Mooda; § 108, V., 1, 2,
3, and 4.

Yoeabnlary.^

yCyi/ofioL (yo^-*), y€irrja'Ofi€u, ycye/iy-

/lOLL ; 2 p. yeyopa, I am; 2 a. eyo/o-

fiTji/, to become.

^Eiirtf} (XtTT-), Xeu/roi, XcXei/iftat, A€i-

i^Oiqv ; 2 p. \i\oina ; 2 a. IXwroi^, fo feav«,
fiavOdi^co {fiaO'''), fiaOrja-oiiauL, /le/ta-

^ica ; 2 a. i/JLadov, to learn.

7rd<rx<o (naO-, tto'^-*), Trcwro/iai;

2 p. ireiTovda ; 2 a. ejraOov, to suffer.

7rCnT<o (irer-, ttto-*), nea-oviMCu, ttc-

TTTCtifca; 2 a. eirea-op, to fall.

iTwdayofiat (irvd'''), irewrofiaL, irc-

Trva-fiat ; ^® 2 a. iTrvdofirip, to ascertain.

Txryxdi/(o {tvX'')» rev^ofiat, Terv- to obtain, to hit,

Xi/'ca ; 2 a. ervxov, to happen.

^vyco (^vy-")* ^v^ofLax or ^cv-

iovfKu; 2 p. iritf>€vya\ 2 a. ci^v- fo ^e, fo ^ee

yoj', /rom.

Digitized by VjOOQIC



98 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Exercises.

I. 1. ovSep^^ yJpTOi ovhe^^ ouro9 inenouOet.
2. €t/0a hrj TToXvs rdpaxp^ iyivero. 3. iSo^ev avrai
aKqwro^ neo'&v^^ ct? Ttfv TraTp(o(w oIklou/. 4. 6#crai
fiovov^ KaTekiTToi/. 5. aXka ttoWol^ npotfxiireL^
Kvpo^ €vpiaK€P, u/a vfJLOs re airapcucTKevdaTov^ \d/5oi
Kol 17/1019 ivOaSe waydyoi. 6. '^7 Se KtXwrcra €^vyev
Ik Trj<; dpfiafid^^ /cat 01 c/c t^9 dyopa?^^ /caraXt-
TTOwe? TO coi^ta €<l>vyov. 7. dXXa SeSot/ca /417, ai^
aTra^ fidddiyuev apyol l^rji/, iTTikaddfieda rfj^ otKciSe
ooov.

II. 1. Kol ovK Tjv rov9 OI/OV9 \apeiv. 2, XcXot-
7rcu5 coTt Svcwccri? ra a/cpa. o. ovo ct TTtcnros
yevoCfJLrjv, (roC y Si/ 8o^ai/ii. 4. tov9 crrpaTriyov^:
€K€X.€V€P OTrXtras dyaycu/ • ot S^ ravra iiroirjo'ca/,
dyay6vr€^ a)s^^ rpia^iXiovs OTrXtra?, 5. 17 Sc yvi^
7rpoT€pa ^^ Kvpov 7ripT€ rjiiepa^ d^Kero.

III. 1. And first learn ^® who they are, 2. They
have not escaped. 3. And he ascertained the mat-
ter. 4. He said they had left the place in flight.^
5. But he himself took^^ the horsemen and pro-
ceeded. 6. A shout arose.*'

IV. 1. But when® he had learned^* this, he
commanded them to set the houses on fire. 2. And
you again took pledges from'^ me. 3. For a line



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 99

of the hoplites chanced " to be following.^ 4. He
questioned Cyrus thus.^ 5. These arrived at*' Sar-
dis.



> Pages 88, 89. For peculiarities in accent see { 26, v. 3.
« Pages 90, 91.
» Pages 104-107.

* Conjugate in the same manner the second perfect and pluperfect
active of vpaovw and ^lv» through all the moods. Take each tense
of Xcfivw and ^alim which you have conjugated, and analyze it, pointing
out the present stem, the timpU stem, augment, tense stem, connecting
vowels, and personal endings.

^ The class of some of these verbs remains to be more fully con-
Bidered hereafter : ^£790)1019 iroirx«*» and •■irrti belong to { 108, VIII. ;
Xc£n and ^ci^ to i 108, II.

* The present stem is a syncopated and reduplicated form of the
simple stem, 2 109, 7, b and c, and the future and perfect middle add c to
the simple stem, 2 109, 8.

' Mute stems which assume v on av in the present have their proper
form only in the second aorist; except in the present and second aorist
they either lengthen the short vowel (like verbs of the second class,
2 108, II.) or add f (J 109, 8).

^ trarx* ^^^ «o0-o«i*, 2 16, 2 ; viCrofMU for vfv0-flro|uu, f 16, 6, N. 1.

» See 2 109, 7, h and e: irtroviua for vrr-no|uu, 2 HO, II. 2, n. 2.
f ^rar-ov is for f-wrr-ov, which is in fact the form of the second aorist ia
Boric Greek.

•• The perfect is an exception to the principle stated in note 7.

" For ^c«(ov|Mu, a Doric future, see i 110, II. 2, v, 2.

» 2 159, K. 2. » 2 283, 9.

^ To have fallen. 8qk/i* in the sense to seem takes the infinitive in
indirect discourse, usually in the personal construction. See note 1,
Lesson XXXIX.

»* Those in the market-place, 2 191, v. 6.

" 2 118, 4. ^'' About.

"* 2 138, n: 7. For the following genitive, see 2 175, 1.

» Use the second aorist. ** 2 1^8, 1.

'^ Greek idiom, having taken (aorist participle) the horseman, he pro-
ceeded.

* Use YlTvoiiu. ** mpcL

« .is. * ^iro|Uvi|, 2 279, 4.

" That is, as follows. Use an adverb.



341371



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100 FIBST LESSONS IN GREEK.

LESSON XLTI.

Verbs I First Fassiye Stem.

Grammar: § 92, VL; § 110, VL; § 111, VL a and
b; § 95, 1,1 L, VL a and b, II., VI. a and 5, and III.,'
VI. a; § 96, I.,^ the Aorist and Future Passive of Xvcw ; ^
§ 108, VIII., the stems and principal parts* of aip€(o,
yiyi/ofKU, e)(a>, 7roi(r)(<o, TrtTrro), and rp€)((a.

Tocabnlary.

aup€(a{€\-)iaupTJ(r(o,^p7iKa,'Qp7jiJLaL, to take; mid. to
ypi&yp^ ; 2 a. clXoi/^ ch/yose.

afiapTwu} (a/jLapT-^), aiiapnrria-oiiai,

TflidprrjKa, rjiidfynifKu, 'qfiafynj' to err, to do
drjjv ; 2 a. rjfiapTai^, vrrong.

evpio'KOi (cv/5-), eupyjcroi, evprjKo,

ev/n^/tai, evpcOrjv ; 2 a. evpov, tojind.

rjBoiMai, rjcd-qa-ofiau, rjcdrfv, to be pleased.

\afipdv(o (Xa)8-^), Xij^lfOfiax, elkrf^M,

elkriiiiiaL, Ikrji^drjv ; 2 a. iXafiov, to take, to cap-

ture.

(r^8/)09« -a, -w, vehement^ severe:

neut. pi. with change
of accent as adv. v4f6»

Spo, extremely.
Tpeiro), rpi^fo, erpojta, rlrpo^a^
or Tcrpaif^a, T€Tpafifiai, irpc-
(f^Oyjv ; 2 a. mid. irpairofir)!^, to turn,

vmipcrqsp -ov, 6, an underling, as-

sistantf hdper.



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FIEST LESSONS IN GREEK, 101

Exerelsei.

L 1. TovT<p T^ rpoTT^ iiropevdricraa^ aradyuoxf^
Terrapa^. 2. cttI t^ €V(avvyL(f ro^dj)vai rt? iKeyero.
3. KpdrioToi hr) xnrqperai ncun-o^ cpyov Kvp<p cXc-
\9ria'aj/ yo/eaOajL, 4. ai/Spe^, iaj/ fioi iretcr^TC, tgh/
aXKcDv irkeov irponiiyjO'^a'ea'de arparuiyrZp inro Kvpov.
5. )(pri airrop Kpidona r^? hucfj^ rvx^a^* 6. Kvpo^
ovK i^x^V Si€i)ic€u/, 7. oi 8^ iroXejfAtot Seicroi/re? ft-^
airoKKeurOetria'ay i<f)€iryop wa Kpdro^.

II. 1. 6 Se KXeapxo^ iTapa)(dy] cr^oSpa. 2. cicl-
y^va-^, Sc TOV9 ''EXXtyi^a?, a>9 vofio^'^ avrot? ct? F'^Xl^*
ovrta Ta)(dyjjV(ii* h-axdrja-cw odi/ im reTrdpoiv. 3. rov-
roi9 17(7^ Ki)/oo9. 4. iicai/a ya/> iccu fiLKpa dfiafyryi-
O&ja ® TToma (rui/errvrpi^aL. 5. xpi;, cai/ cXeyx^cScri,
TOVTOV9 TLpxopTiOrjvax. 6. 01 8^ arparriyol ouro)
hq^divre^ dinj^7f(Tav m fiaciXia, koI d7rorfirj$an-€^

in. 1. We proceeded to the river, 2. But on
the next day heralds were sent, 3. I was com-
pelled to pursue. 4. And breast-plates will be pro-
cured for them. 5. But the men were arrested^®
and sent to the king. 6. A few were left about
him. 7. If we proceed homeward, will the king be
pleased ?

IV. 1. He was sent down by his father. 2. But
he waB dragged down from his horse, 3. This will



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102 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

be found. 4. If this should be found, he would be
punished. 5. The soldiers were drawn up^® and
forced to proceed. 6. Who of us will be chosen
general ?' 7. The Greek cavalry were put to flight.

NOTES.

> Pages 86-91 at the bottom. * Pages 102, 103.

' Conjugate in the same manner the aorist and future passive of
Xfdn* and irporrwy and the aorist passive of ^vw, through aU the
moods.

* The principal parts of these verbs are given in full in Lessons
LVI.-LVIII.

* See note 7, Lesson XLV. ; and for the augment of the perfect, 1 101,

1,N.

* J 109, 3, N. 2. For the a in the perfect passive and second aorist
middle, see 2 109, 4, n. 1.

^ Sc. i{v. « Sc. 4irTC • i 197, 1, n. 2, last example.

'^ For the idiom, see II. 6, above, first part.



LESSON XIYII.

Verbs: Second Passive Stem.

Grammar: § 92, 4, VII; § 110, VII.; § 111, VII. a
and 6; § 95, 1,^ III, VII. a and 6; § 96, III.,^ tlie Second
Aorist and Second Future Passive of ^ou/cu ; * § 108, II.,
1 and 2.

Toeabnlary.

porjdeo), PorjOTJa-a}, etc. reg., (Poi|Oot, run-
ning to the batiU'shoiU, aiding, from Poif and

w») to aid, to assist

iK'TrhJTTO) (irXay., TrXiyy-), TrXiylto, to strike out of

iirhfj^a, mnXyiyficu, err\iJx^9rp/\ one's senses, to

2 p. nenhryya ; 2 a. pass. inX-qytfu,^ terrify.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 103

Oaima {da^-), 0a^, iOa;^, ri-

Oafifiax ; 2 a. eraAfrrfv^ to hfwry.

Kar-aXXaTTfi) (aXXay-), aXXa^co, etc.

rtg,; 2 a. pass. TjXXayi^l^, (Kard and

oXXaTT«»«) fo reconcile.

Trapa-cKeoaXfii (crfcevoS-), o'Kevdo'O},

icKevaara, ia-KeiiacriKu, (vofdL and to make ready ^

«€«»«•) to prepare.

OTp€<f>(a, aTp€\lHa, iarpe^a, earpafi*

fiOLL, iarp€<f>0riv ; 2 p. earpoffKL;

2 a. pass. eoTpoxfyiffi/, to tum.

njicGi (ra/c-), ttj^gi, enj^a, enJx^V^'^

2 p. rerrjKa (as pass.) ; 2 a. pass, erdiofv, to melt.
^aiv(o {ifHu/')t <f>av&, €<f>r]va, 7riif>ayKa,

vetfHKriiai, itfxipdyip; 2 p. ni<f)7p/a; to show; mid. and

2 a. pass. CifHUnp;, ^paas, to appear .

Exercises.

I, 1. icoi 01 ''EXXi^vc? aTpaif)6rr€^ irapecKevd*
^ovTo. ^2. rdifx}^ 8c ov8€i9 ndirore *0p6vra iif>dvrf.
3. K€u i/SovKevofuda aw avrocs otto)^ oLp Ta(f}€Lria'ai/''
ol v€KpoL 4. j^aurjo-ovTOi, tw \ox<^y^v apiaroi.
5. KaT€k'q<f>dr) cicirXayct? Tt9. 6. ci^acrai/ rov9 Xoj(ov9
KaroKO'TTrji/aL viro r&v KiXticoi/, 7. ot 8c orpaTUtnai
crvXXeya^cs ifiovkevovro.

II. 1. cirijSovXcvci Kvpta^ k<u (also) irpoa-Oev
noke/iTjcra^, KaraXXaycls 8c. 2. '^ji/iica 8^ 8C1X17 ^^'
yi^ro* e^cun} KovuoprQ^. 3. iccu occ'Xcvo-ci^ ctircu'



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104 FIRGT LESSONS IN GREEK.

avTov TTov iirhjyri. 4. cw 8c oSro? (r^aXyt ov
o'TravCa'€L t&v fioyjdria'OPTCJV. 5. ov ttoXXoJ 8c varepov
ol Xoj(ayot KaraKoinja'ovraLi,. 6. irdicrj 8c ij xtaw 8ta
Trfv Kpnfjirqv*

ni. 1. The enemy did not appear on the second
day, nor* on the third. 2. And the barbarians
turned ® and fled. 3. If he should march against the
soldiers, they would be terrified. 4. When^® our
dead are buried, we will cross the river, 5. We
were quickly reconciled.

IV. 1. Show yourselves the bravest of the sol-
diers. 2. He promised that the dead phould be
buried. 3. Mithridates appeared again with a thou-
sand horsemen. 4, I was struck violently under the
eye. 5. If they should be reconciled, the war would
stop.

NOTfta.

" Pages 90. 91.

■ Pages 108-110.

' Conjugate in like manner the second aorist and second future pas-
sive of (TTfXXM through all the moods.

^ The second aorist and second future passive in compound verbs
(as here) are cvVdyiiv and irXaYi{o^>|uu (stem vXa^y-).

• ? 17. 2. w.

' For the derivation in full, see the general vocabulary.
' 1 224 and I 226, 2 5.

• See note 9, Lesson XL VI.

'^ IvviSay with the subjunctive. { 232, 3.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 105

LESSON XLTIII.

Terbs: Formatioii of the Present from the Simple Stem.
Geammar : § 107 ; § 108 entire.

Yocabulary.

aXa-OavoyLOL {oIktO-?), aUrOijaroiJXLL,

'QKrOyHiaL ; 2 a. ycOofirfv, to perceive.

ciTToi/ * (cTT-, ip'), ipZ, elira, eifyr/Ka,

€ip7jii€u, ippijOrfv, to say.

2 a. edcwcv, to die.

KT€U/CO (kTO/'), KTO/fO, €KT€lVa ; 2 p.

€KTova ; * 2 a. eKToi/ov,^ to kill.

\ai/0ai^ (Xa^-^), hjco), Xikyfo-iiaLL ; to escape t/te

2 p. XikrjOa ; 2 a. ikaOop, notice of: mid.

to forget.
TCjfo^cD (rcft-'), T€fi&, rirymffKa, rerfJiTi'


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