John Williams White.

A series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... online

. (page 7 of 21)
Online LibraryJohn Williams WhiteA series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... → online text (page 7 of 21)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


/JLCLL, er/iTJdrjv; 2 a. erefun^ or

erofioi/, to cvi.

TLTpcjCKO) (t/x)-*), rpda-o}, erpcoa-a,

Terpto/jLai, irpdOrjv, - to wound,

mdiia {cl}0'), ci(r<o, ecocra,^ loxr/xai,

ida-Orfv, to push.

Exercises.

I. 1. Trjv ^lova elKatpv reTrjKG/ai. 2. ovroi
\eyov(rw art Kvpos liOvriKQ^. 3. v/i€ts So^ere ko-

Digitized by VjOOQIC



106 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Kol €u/at. 4. iKijpv^€ Tot? ^EXXt^ctc (Tuo'Kevoi^ea'OaL.
5. €15 8c 8^ elire (advised) aTparrjyovs eKia-dai dX-
Xov5. 6. (r<f>a/h6pas ir^iKeiv iOikeu 7. ol 8* cttci-
dovTo, rrkriv ci ti5 ti €K\o\fO/? 8. AapcCov^ kcu
na/)V(raTt8o5 yiyvovrax ^olSe? 8uo. 9. wore ^acrt-
Xcv? T7J5 wpo5 cauroi/ iml3ovkrj<; ovk ya-Oaj/ero.

II. 1. Tttura eiTToiv iiravaaro, 2. I'Si/ yap tcTGig
KOi i;fi6t9 TovTov alo'ddi/ea'Oe. 3. cXcfci/ a iyCyvto-
CKep. 4. cos 8' ya-dero Kvfx>v ircwrcjicora,® €<f>\ry€P.

5. ra 8' apfiara i^povro 8ia avr&v rSn^ TroKep^uav.

6. iccu o5*® &0€iTaJL avTov eK Ttjs rafcco?. 7. di'cu
yap ap\6vT<av ovScp aj/ ovre kolKov ovre ayaOov yc'-
rotTo. 8. ot iarpoi Koovai kcu ripvovo'iv iir ayaOS.
9. (TKol^acrOe el Kpelrrov ^^ avrov r/yepova €)(eiv.

III. 1. They concealed this. 2. He tried to
escape the notice of the enemy. 3. But they flee
through their own encampment. 4. And he wounds
him througli his breastplate. 5. Cyrus, therefore,
went up with ^^ three hundred hoplites. 6. You are
not willing to obey. 7. And being pressed by his
opponents he comes to Cyrus.

IV. 1. Butwe will fight with ^Hhese. 2. But
I am exceedingly fatigued. 3. Let him remember ^*
to be a brave man. 4. They killed all the slaves.
5. But I will choose you. 6. I should not wonder,
therefore, if the enemy followed us. 7. But the
soldiers kept knocking at the gate.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 107



NOTES.

* See note 7, Lesson XLV.

' A second aorist, the present and imperfect being supplied by kiym
and ^vyfcL ilvoy comes from ^-Ft-Fnr^Vf 4-(F)fiT-«Vf a reduplicated sec-
ond aorist. Cf. cwoty Fcirot, word, clva is a first aorist. In the perfect,
and in tlie aorist passive the stem ip^ becomes ft-, { 109, 7 a. The per-
fect, farther, reduplicates according to { 101, 1, K.

» 2 109. 7 o. * i 108, VI., H. 2.

* i 109, 3. and 4, n. 1. « i 104.
' The English will use a pluperfect.
» i 169, 1. " Sc.
» That Cyrus had fallen. « ij^ttv.

** { 151, N. 3, second paragraph. " otJt.

" Use the perfect imperative middle.



LESSON XLIX.

Verbs: Begnlar in MI, larrniL.

Grammar : § 123, 2, the inflection of icmy/xt throughr
out;* § 121 entire (and read the preceding remark);
§ 122, 1, with notes 2, 3, and 4; § 123, 1 (read the first
and second paragraphs), the synopsis of larrifii in the
Present and Second Aorist Systems, and 3, the synopsis
of the Indicative of larrffit, ; ^ § 68, the declension of

tOTa9.

Tocabnlary.
ayafJLaL, Tiydad'qv, to admire.

2 a. €^7)^3 to go.

Svi/aii€u, SvPTJcofiaiy BeBwrffiai, ihvvijOrjif,^ to be able.
CTTtora/xcu, lTna"Trj(rofiai, rJTrKrTrjdrjv, to under-

stand.



yGoogk



108 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

opdfo (oTT-, tS-), o^ofiai, edpcuca'^ or

iopaKa, idpaiixu or Zfificu, &<l>0r)v;

2 a. cISov, to see,

vCiiirkrifii (TrXa-), irhjco), €Tr\rj(ra, we-

irkrjKa, TrewXTja-ficu, iirkija-drfv, to FILL.

<}>0dv(o (<^^a-), <f>dd(r(o and <f>dTJ(rofiaL, to get before,
. €<l}0aa'a ; 2 a. ci^Oyjv,^ fo antici-

pate.
cjpeojjLaL, ajunjaofiaLL, iwprnicuj itoinjdrfp

(classic writers use ewpLaflTJV, J 123, 1, for the

later iin|<ra|M|v), to huy.

Exercises.

I. 1. oi 8c iroXefJLioL ovkctl ccmycrcu^. 2. oi fiera
'A/)wuov oifKeTL laravraL, akXa <j>&uyov(rw. 3. iw
Tt SwcJiiOL, ravra iroirjo'io, 4. ov yap &/ hwauno
7rop€v07Jvat,. 5. arnJTcoo'ap oi oTrXirat. 6. to 8^
arpdrevfia 6 aiTOS hri\nr^i ic<u TrpiaaOai ovk ^i/.
7. C09 8' at/ifiyfo-av, 6v(r(une<; kcu TpoTraiop oTrjad-
fiQ/oi Karefiyjcrav els to weSiov. 8. ou/eaTriatw oi
^EWrjves kcu elwov otl cipa wKTO(f>v\aKas Kadiardvai,
9. irpoTTvOoficvos ravra €<f>07j ct5 ttji/ ttoXlp direkdcM^.^

II. 1. aXXa iirjv koI tovto ye ewCoTaaOe. 2. Kv-
po<; Se, ^ffLkriP e)((t}v t7)v K€(f>aXijp, eh Trfv P*d^v
KadioTaro. . 3. act eyoyye riydfvqv rrfv (yrpf <f>vo'w.
4. c/c Tovrov Bei^ocfywu on/LOTaTai earaXiJUQ/os cm
TTokefiov C09 cSwaTo /caXXiora.® 5. aXX' c5 C7rto-Ta-
aOiacaj/ oTi OVK d7roir€(f}€vyaa'u/. 6. efiovkevovro
oirco^ &p KoiXXtaTa Sutfialey. 7. kcu ovtc dj/eXdo'dai



yGoogk



FIKST LESSONS IN GREEK. 109

oxrre 0d\jf€u avroi i&uvaiuOa. 8. iav Bk StafiZ/jiey,
y^fjiiv Tiiufv ot(7€i c& tw ar€LTa ')(p6i^u.

III. 1. And accordingly Cjnrus went up on the
mountains. 2. For it will not be possible to pur-
chase food. 3. He halted the soldiers. 4. Cyrus
halted. 5. They kept filling the skins with grass.*"
6. On seeing this he mounted his horse and rode
away.

IV. 1. He was. not able to sleep. 2. You
must " cross the river. 3. He collected an army in
order to be able to defeat the king. 4. And they
raised them up.. 5. But then these cities had re-
volted ^ to Cyrus. 6. For if he should go up on the
mountains, I should follow.

NOTES.

' In this and the next three Lessons analyze with care, according to
the directions given in note 4, Lesson XLV. In this connection, see
2 114, N. 2, and { 115, 2 and 3. For the accent of the present infinitive
and present participle active, see 2 26, v. 3. For the division of verbs
in |u into two independent classes, see note 6, Lesson LVI.

• In the active voice the second aorist lm|v, I stood, perfect lo^xa,
lam standing, pluperfect con|Kciv, / was standing, and future perfect
ivrrjli» (J 110, IV. c, K. 5), I shall stand, are intransitive. This is true
both of the simple verb and of its numerous compounds.

' 3 108, v., K. 1. The perfect and aorist passive, Pcpa|uu and cpd0i|v,
occur only in composition.

4 I 100, 2, N. 2. » 2 104, N. 1.

* Both aorists occur in Attic Greek, but the first is commoner in
Xenophon.

» 2 104. ^ i 279, 4.

' Literally, as he wa^ able most handsomely, i.e. a^ handsomely as
possible. This is the origin of the use of in and cts explained in note
i, Lesson XXXIV.

» 2 172, Z ' " xpn- " Pluperfect active of d^brn||u.



yGoogk



110 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

LESSON L.

Verbs: Begnlar in MI (contintted), riOrj/ii,,

Grammar : § 123, 2, the inflectidn of ri^T^/xt through-
out ;i § 121 entire; § 122, 1, with notes 1 and 4; § 123,
1, the synopsis of ridrfiii in the Present and Second Aorist
Systems, and 3, the synopsis of the Indicative of riOrffit; *
§ 68, the declension of Ti^€t9.



Yocabnlaiy.




Paicrripia, -a$, tj, (/Soo/co)


a s^ajf.


yoiw, -aT05, TO,


KNEE.


Sco) and SiSi^/xt, St^ctco, eSi/cra, SeSe/ca,





8c8€/xat, c'Scftyi/,


to bind.


StIOy, -7^9, 17,


right, justice,




penalty.


Kvcjp,^ Kvi/o^y 6 or 17*


a dog.



$7jpau/Ci> {irjpaP'), $rfpai^S}, iiijp<wa,

l^pacr/jtai, €$Yjpavdrfv, (£npa«, dry) to dry.

irXeeo (irXv-*), irX€V(ro/Li(u or ^Xcvo-ov/jwu,

en-Xcvo-a, ireirkevKa, ^cVXcvcr/Jtat, fo sai?.

<l>6fios, -ov, 6, (<KPo|ia4 to/cca/n^Aierf) f ear ^ fright.

Exercises.

I. 1. eTTt^ijcreTat i7/xu/« 2. icat iccXevovcrt ^vkdr-
Teadai, fir/ vfiu/ emOSnnai t7)% wkto^ ^ ol jSdp/Sapoi,
3. T17V SiKTiv XPV^^ iTnOeu/ai avr6>. 4. tovtous
Sc iKeXeve Oea-dai ra owka irepi ttiv avrov (ncfjinpf.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. Ill

5. hnavOa operiO^aav fioKH/jpias Kcl ra al^aKxara
yippa. 6. napa tou9 ^cou9 'tfiiw Trfv ^cXtoj/ cruise-
fUPOL KareOifuda. 7. iccu oIkCcw ov8c/uw cXtirei/,
oTTco^ (l>6/3ov ivdeiTf Tots aXXoi5. 8. ovk€Tl iTrerCOeirro
oc iroXe/xiot rot? KarafioLu^vo'L, SeSotKore? /jt^ diror/xi/-

II. 1. iccu o' Tttfct OiyuevoL ra orfka (rvpfj\0ov ot
OTpaTtfyoi kcI \oxayol wapa 'Apccuw. 2. tov9 fia^
oTrXtra? avrov -c/ccXcucrc iieu/ax, ras axnriSas irpo^ ra
yovara 0evra<;. 3. roif^ yap icuva^ tov5 xaik^trov^
ras Tj/juepa^ SiSeoo't. 4. ra? Se /Sakdi^v^ r&v ^ivi-
icon/. $T)pa^PT€^ rpayrjiMara aircTi^ccrav. 5. toSj
TcXcvrotbt? iweOan-o, kcu aireKreLvav rti/a?. 6. icat
ififiavTes CIS wXoIbi', /cat ra irXctorov afia ii/Oeiievoi,,
airewXevaav.

m. 1. The hoplites stood under arms, 2. They
feared that the Greeks would attack them during the
night. 3. He will inflict punishment on them.
4. They are about to attack us. 5. They halted
under arms near the general's tent. 6. They
grounded arms beside the river.

IV. 1. I fear that he may take® me and inflict
punishment on (me). 2. They set before them on
the same table meats of all kinds. 3. The army
will go up® on the hill and attack the enemy.
4. The enemy attacked them vigorously.



yGoogk



112



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.



NOTES.

' See note 1, Lesson XLIX.

• See J 110, III, N. 1, and i 17, 2, h.
» i 60, 5. 15.

< i 108, II. 2. On the second form of the future, see } 110, II. 2, H. 2.

* J 179, 1. • Use a participle.



LESSON LI.

Verbs : Begnlar in MI (coTdinued), 8i86)fU.

Grammar : § 123, 2, the inflection of ^tSco/xt through-
out; § 121 entire; § 122, 1, with notes 1 and 4; § 123, 1,
the synopsis of Sihcofii in the Present and Second Aorist
Systems, and 3, the synopsis of the Indicative of 8i8ai/u ; *
§ 68, N., the declension of StSov?.



Toeabulary.

oXiaKOfiaL [aX-, aXo-), akdaofiaA,
yjkwKa or eaXaiica ; 2 a. 17X011/ ^ or
eaXoii/,

yiyi/da-KO) (>vo-), yvda-ofiaL, eyvtaKa,
eyt/oxriiaL, eypdcdrji/] 2 a. e/van/,

ipwrdo),^ ipconjco), etc. reg.,



dvaia, -a?, 17, (Owa)

mTTpda-KO} * (Trpa-), mirpoKa, mirpa-

ficu, inpdOrfP,
arepeo), aTepTJao}, etc. reejr.,
awOyjfia, -aro5, to, (otiv^C»i||u)

(r&pxif -aT09, TO,



to 6c captured.

to KNOW.

to inquire,
a sacrifice.

to sell,
to deprive,
an agreement,
a passtvord,
the body.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 113

Exerelses.

I. 1. 8t8a)(n §€ avro! Kvpos /ivpCov^ 8a/9€iKov9.
2. /lera ravra eSiSoro Xeycu' t^ fiov\ofjJv(f, 3. o/-
ravOa 8k /jlcvovcw, icu^ fiij Tt9 avrot? xprf/Ltara StS^.

4. ripa^roiv €K€woit ct* Soio' Ai^ rovrcov ra mora.

5. KOi So wot Kol \jafitiv ^urra c^eXo/Ltcv. 6. koI
vfiei^ firj iKh&ri /le. 7. avayuoif^ r^v imarok^p
oLyoKoiuovTaL %<aKpdT€u 8. Kcl ImroL rjXoxrai/ ei^^
eucoa-i, Kol 17 cicrpni idkco.

II. 1. irapa&aines 8' &v ra oirXa fcal rfii' crco/jta-
Toii/^ aT€fyifj0€iriii€i/. 2. ov yap eyory* ert Trpea-fiv-
T€po^ €(roii€u, €01/ Tijfiepov irpohZ ifiavTov rot? ^oXc-
/Jiibt9. 3. ravra ical crccrcooTat 8t* v/xa? r^ orpart^t
ical irapc&!Z<t}fii aura eya» v/jtu^, v/iei? 8^ ZiaOiyLO/oi
8ta8ore rjj OTpariq^ 4. aicovcraiT€$ raOra, /cat
8e^ta9 8oiTC5 leai \afi6vre<:, aw/jKawov. 5. ccii/ rts
aXoJ e/8oi/ ro}v arpaTUtyr&v, TrcTrpacrcrat.® 6. w/)d-
(T^ei^ ii/ aiToddvoiiiei/ ^ rd oirXa irapaSoCrnjiei/.

in. 1. And they gave the village-chief (liberty*)
to take this. 2. And he did not pay them.^® 3. And
they bound the guide and gave (him) over to them.
4. But the soldiers knew this. 5, They gave the
Greeks a barbarian spear. g^

IV. 1. And when the sacrifice had been made/^
they gave over the hides to the Spartan. 2. And
they said that (it was) time^ to pass along the wStch-



yGoogk



114 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK,

word. 3. And she was said to have given ^ much
money to Cyrus. 4. They proceeded with'* the
captured man (as) guide.

NOTES.

' J 110, III., H. 1.

* The second aorist is inflected like that of Tvyyttoicwi } 125, 3, k. 2.
For the enlarging of the simple stem, see { 109, 8, k., and observe, iiir-
ther, that dXCoico|uu serves as a passive to otpf w.

' The aorist generally in use in this sense in Attic is iipo|upr from ITpofuu.

* The Attic uses ^bro8iio«|Mi and dbviS^iiv in the future and aorist.
^ i 282, 4. * Future perfect of vivpooiu*.

* About • Of. I. 2.

' J 174. ** Greek idiom, did not give them par/,

" When . . . had been made, IithSi) . . . cY^vtro.

'* Use the aorist infinitive, J 260, 2, and see note 1, Lesson XXXIX.



LESSON LII.

Verbs : Eegular in MI (corUiniLed), SeiKiWfiL.

Grammae: § 123, 2, the inflection otBiCiowfiL through-
out; § 121 entire; § 122, 2, with N. 5; § 123, 1, the
synopsis of SeCKVufiL in the Present and Second Aorist
Systems, and 3, the synopsis of the Indicative of hcdow/ML ;
§ 68, the declension of Seifci^i^.

Tocabulary.

aTT-oXXv/jit (6X-^), oX5, cSXecra, 6Xc5- to destroy ut-
Xcfca; 2 p. oKtoKa, to be undone; 2 a. terh/, to lose:

mid. d)\6ll7jP, mid. to perish,

iwofioL {a-eiT'), oj^oiioL, ecnroiiTp/^ to follow.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.



115



(evyiwfiL ({vy-')» C^^i^* ^Cev^a,
€^€vy/xat, il^ev\dTjv ; 2 a. pass.

KOra-Bwo, SvCfO, etc. re<7.;'2 a. ©Sw/,*

ofuwiu (o/Li-, ofio-^), o/xoG/xat,

di/ioOTjv or dyfiocdrjp,

2 p. ircmiya, to he fixed; 2 a. pass.

Tn^ct) (irw-), m/evaofiai or wi^v-
(Tov/jtai/ eirveva-a, irenvevKa,

fiefivYficu, ifiC)(07)P ; 2 a. pass.
Exerelses.



to YOKE, to join,
to Tnake to sink
dowrif to sink.



to sxvear.

to fix, to freeze,
to blow, to breathe.

to MIX with.



I. 1. oXXi/Xot^ avmivYvvaxTw. 2. aXXot9 Art-
SeCtannn'cu. 3. kcll ai/cfio^ ivaj/rios lirvei irrfyvv^
T0U9 avOpdirovs- 4. aire^Cian/vTO oi iidvT€L^ iravre^
yi/a^yi/qv. 5. rou9 aaSpa^ aurov9 019 &yiWT€ diroXai-
Xe/care. 6. TroXXa rZv vTroCvyCaifP anciXkvTo vvb
Xi/xoO. 7. Stfcatoi/*^ ya/) drroXXvcrdou tov5 iiriop-
Kowra^. 8. icot dirore/toi^c? ras K€<f>aKas rZv
v€Kpciv, iweSeCKWO'ay rois lauroi)' iroXe/mtoig.

II. 1. Kcu axnov re airoKTU/vvaa-i koL rov^ aXKov^
TTomas* 2. TO vSo)/), o i<f)€povTo im Beluvop, ejnj-



yGoogk



116 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

ytruro. 3. TovTois rot? Secr/xoi? iC^vypw rov^ acKOv^
irpo^ dXXiyXovs. 4. na^ yap acKo^ 8vo ap^pa^ c£ct
Tov firj KaraZw/tu,^ 5. oi aweiroiievoi aTrciXXvi^o.
6. ci5oT€ cSpa^ kojL (Toi emh^Kwadax r^p wcuSeiav.

III. 1. They show the soldiers the tracks of tlie
horses. 2. Hereupon he expresses his opinion.
3. They showed their plan to the soldiers. 4. He
wishes to show justice. 5. As he says this,® some-
body sneezes. 6. The wind is freezing the beasts
of burden.

IV. 1. Let some one express his opinion.

2. When he heard this/® he sank down in shame.^*

3. After this (one) another arose, pointing out the
folly of the man. 4. For the seers declare that
there will be a battle.

NOTES.

> { 108, V. 4. N. 2.

* For an original <n-o^c)ir-o|M|v (a reduplicated second aorist).
' Tbifi verb belongs to botb class V. and class II.

^ There are two forms of the present, 8vw and Svvw, the first transi-
tive, the second intransitive. All the forms of the middle, with the per-
fect and second aorist active, are also intransitive, to sink down.

* I 109, 8, N.

* \ 110, II. 2, K. 2. The perfect in Attic Qreek occurs only in com*
position.

* { 263, 1, last example.

* { 278, 1.
^ I 277, 1.

** ihpo with the genitive. See also § 141, h. 1 6.



yGoogk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 117

LESSON LIII.

Verbs : Second Perfect and Pluperfect of the MI-Form.

Grammar : § 124 entire; § 125, 4 (read simply) ; § 127,
VII.

Yoeabulaiy.

aycSi/, -Q>i/o9, o, (aym) an assembly, games,

a contest

Ba/Bpov, 'Ov, TO, a tree,

StSacriceo (StSax-*), SiSa^o)^ etc. rcg., to tea^h.

BCkcuo^, -a or -09, -ov, (8^) jiist, right

ikevOepia, -a?, 17, (iKivBt^ottfree) freedom, liberty.
oT^o/xat, oix^croftai, otj^cu/ca^ or

a>^<oica, to be gone,
avfifiaxCa, -a?, 17, (o^vmiaxoti <rv|i|MU

xo|Mu) an alliance.
virar^i/^oftat,^ vTroa^TJaofiaL, viri-

(rxOfjiav ; 2 a. mid. vTrea^ofirjp,

(•M and ix*) fo promise.

Exercises.

I. 1. ov yap iro) rore aufxaracai/. 2. rcft/coi-
ra9* iroXXov? evpTJa-fo. 3. ovk tore o ti ^otctre.
4. eSeStcrai^ n7J' oTpariav oi rfjp fiKrOoi^opap vire-
(TxqyJvoi. 5. icat vw hvo icaXco re Kayad<a avhp^
ridvaTov. 6. 01 ttoXc/xcoi tjiiSjh/ ovk uracri ^o) n^r
jjfUTepav a-viifiaxfai/, 7. crwoiSa ifiavr^ Trdj/ra
h^vcfi^pos^ avTOv. 8. /col aXXot 8e i<f)€crTa(rap cfa>



yGoogk



118 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

rZii/ haSptm^* ov yap riv acr^aXc? iv ro7,<; Se^S/9ot^
koTwax v\eiiai^ * ^ rov a/a \6)(op. 9. 6 ^evayo^ roif^

II. 1. oirai9 8c Kal etSrjr^ eU otov cp^ecOe dySpa,
iyo) v/iSs €t8a)9 SiSa^eo. 2. wapfjv Sc 6 aarpdirq^
fiovkoyuevo^ €t8e/al rt vpa)(0TJo'eTaL. 3. ov yap ^fSc-
acw avTOP TeffprjKora.'' 4. on fjLonrK ahiKCurOaL
vofii^ei v(f> vfiSiv oTScu 5. rf> Se di^/:>l ireCaofiaL u/a
€vorfT€ ort icat ap^eKruax €irtaTa/xat. b. KOt ^^ii^'^ag
Twa? airrSiv irpovOvfirjOTffuv Xafieu/ avrov tovtov
cv€Ka, OTTCO? riy€fi6(rLu ci8oo-i riyi' xtopav ^(pTja'aC/Jueda.

III. 1. For I know where* tliey are gone.

2. Some ® are dead, and the rest are being besieged.

3. He wept a long^^ time standing. 4. But he at
once drives away those standing around." 5. Cyrus
kept finding many pretexts, as you also well know*
6. For well know that I should prefer freedom.

IV. 1. Know this, however. 2. For he knew
this. 3. Whether, then, I shall do what is just,"
I do not know. 4. I am not willing to go, fearing
that he may take me and inflict punishment on (me),

NOTES.

' i 108, VI., N. 3. ' Strengthened from vWxofuu.

« 2 109, 8, N. * i 69, N.

* That I have deceived, { 280, with N. 2.

' A greater (number), neuter singular accnsatiye, Bubject of ca

' niat he had died (lit. him having died).

» i 143, 1. " i 276, 2.

" What is just, — Greek idiom, just (things).

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



13



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 119

LESSON LIT.

Verbs : Irregalar in MI, cifiC, cIiil, and ifyrjfu.

Grammar: § 127, with L, IL, and IV. ;^ § 27, with 3;
§ 28 entire.

Vocabulary.

hvcfiij, -•§9, Tj, (8w») a sinking, a setting.

Oopv^oq, -ov, o, a noise , an uproar.

0vpa, -a5, 17, a door; plur. quar-

ters, court.
KpaOyq, -yjq, 17, (KpdK«, to cry) an outcry, a shout

Kptcrt^Sf -CC09, Tj, (Kp£v») a judgment, a trial.

\yaTeCa, -a?, 17, (^Il<rnf», a robber;

cf. XntoiMu, XfCa) robbery.

rpoLVfia, -aros, to, (TiTp««rK») a wound.

jiKvapia, -a?, ij, (♦Xvopos, teZto£«c) siUy talk: i^\\xr. fool-
eries, nonsense.

Exercises.

I. 1. #cal irohXaKiq loj^e? cm tos dvpaq top
fiurdop awffrow. 2. irdp^ari 8* i]iiiv, c!^, 6 icrjpv^.

3. icat Xeyerat a>5 KokoL rrkoi ^laiv eU ttjv 'EXXaSa.

4. oXX* cyo) (^/jit raCra <f>\vapCa<; €&ai. 5. Tj/ici?,
-^1/ a'Ci}(})povZii€v, dnifJiQ/ ^ ivrevOev. 6. v/iet? Se ovfc
^c ct9 Tifx/Sc T171/ ^oipav. 7. avro9 Se ovfc c<^ * lei/ai^
8. a>9 S' iji' rjXvoq iwl Svcr/tat?, duionqa-av. 9. eyoi
oSi/ <^7//At v/itt? XP^^^ hiafiyfi/ax. 10. ^crl Sc, &^
ar/oos Ik€u/ov irjTe, cv noitjo'eu^ v/xas.



yGoogk



120 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

II. 1. KOLL Xafieu/ auro5* Tpavfid {fyrjaw. 2. €t
€LcreiaL, avykq^drja-erax. 3. Xcycro) tI earai T0I5,
arparuoTcu^s. 4. TfjP hiKiji/ e^ XPQ^^^ iindeivai,
avTW. 5. cSd/cci yap eU Tfjv imovaap ©w* 'fj^etv
^acriKia. 6. rt? yap avro! * ccrni' oort? r^9 apx?5
avTinoieiTaL ; 7. »'w /irCi/ ovi' aniTe, KaraKLTrovr^^
TovBe TOP dpSpa • oroj/ 8' eyo) /ceXcvcro), Trdpeare Tr/>o9
T^i' Kpiavp.

III. 1. They come on with a great shout.''
2. Come now I 3. Let us go to the men. 4. They
denied that there was® another road. 5. Let the
hoplites be at hand with their arms. 6. They
desisted * and went to their tents.

IV. 1. No one went away to the king. 2. For
what herald will be willing to go? 3. You got^^
your living by" robbery, as you yourself said.
4. They refused to go. 5. But (while) saying this,
he heard a noise going through the ranks.



' Note the simple stem of each verb carefully.

» I 200, K. 3 6.

^ ovK c^, refused, declined.

* For the case of aMt, which modifies the subject of XoPdr, see
i 138, K. 8 a.

* 2 42, 2, N. 1.

' To be<;ou8trued with 4m«ouCTcu. See { 173, 1, b. 2, first example,
and i 186, h. 1.
^ J 188, 1.

* Cf. I. 7. '« Use lx«"
» Participle. " mto.



yGoogk



FIRST l:essons in greek.



121



LESSON IV.

Terbs s Irregnlar in MI {continued), IrjfiL, ^[lax, and KCtftat.
Grammar: § 127, III, V., and VI.

Tocabnlary.

€fnifio^, -77 or -09, -01/, deserted, empty.

yueKeroM, iieKenjao), c/xeXe-
nja-a, fiefiekerriKa, (|uXm, to to care jor, to prac-

he an object oj care)
jirfvuct), fir/pvao), etc. reg..



tise.
to disclose, to make

known,
victory,

NIGHT.

a domestic, a servant



to he wise,
snoio.



vucff, .779, i)»

oucenj^, -ov, 6, (oIkos)
<T(0(f>poveo}, a(o<f>poprja<o, iaeo-

^povyjara, a€cr(o<f>p6vrjKa,

(<Tw^pm¥9 sound-minded; 0-09, safe,

sound, and ^oi(v)

XMOr, -W09, '^,

Exercises.

I. 1. irrl Tov apftaro? Ka6rjii€Poq ttjv iropeiaip
hroieiro. 2. <U5 ctSc tov orparqyov hiekavvovTa,
Irjo-L ry o^w/j/. 3. tovtov Sc, tjp a'(Oif>pov7jTe, r^r
vvKra fiev Stjctctc, rrfv 8^ rjfiepai/ aKfyija-eTe. 4. /cat
oicToi ot apLoroL tS>v nepl avrov €K€wto in avr<a.

5. ^V 8c TO T€i)(0^ (^KohoiXTfllivoV ifklvOoi^ OTTTCUq G/

aa-^Xrfff Keifi&cu^. 6. €v9vs lcvto cu/od Kara tt/v



yGoogk



122 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

<f>av€pap o8w. 7. oi Bk 7ro\£[iU)L Seta-avre^ ^kom^
cavrov? Kara rrj^ ^i6v(ys €t9 rriv vdmiv. 8. irpSnov
T^ Xo^y €vo^ Twv *ApKdS(ov OTpaTTjycn/ amovTi rjSrf
€ts TO avyKeipjevov iTnTiOorrai.

II. 1. tcvTO, cjo-irep &p Spdfioi Tt9 irepl 1/1/075.
2. ow i7^€X£ Tovs;.<^vyoKra9 irpoecrdcu. 3. ifiekero)!/
TO^€V€LP apo) ra ro^cv/iara lores /lOKpap. 4. g'
fi^(ra> ya/5 ij^iy fcetrai ravra to dyadd. 5. at 8e
jSdXavoi T&u <l}OLviK0Ji/, olas h/ rots ''EXXiycru' ioTiu
tSeuz, Tots ot/cercu9 dneKeufTo. 6. icol €7rct rjp^(WTo
KaraPaw^w irpos tovs aXXovs S/^a ra oirXa cicctro,
clci^o 8^ oc m)Xc/xt.ot TToXXo) Oopv^ta. 7. ivravff
iKdOrfVTO^ Koi ovk ci^acrcu/ iropevecrOau

m. 1. Straightway they rushed into the boats.
2. And many were lying outstretched. 3. But they
let their dogs loose by night.^ 4. Why do I lie
inactive ? 5. If you will make known the one who
let the ass loose,' you shall receive a reward. 6. But
when the trumpet sounded, they charged upon the
enemy.

IV. 1. But we are lying inactive. 2. Thence
they proceeded to a large deserted fortress, lying near
the city. 3. But saying,* **I see the man," he
rushed at him. 4. He sends to him according to
agreement.* 5. Let him be seated on the chariot.

NOTES.

> 2 105, 1, N. 3. ' 2 276, 2.

• T«l« vvKTos, J IGl. * Aorist.

• Greek idiom, according to the (things) agreed upon.

Digitized by VjOOQIC



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 123



LESSON IVI.

Verbs: Prinoipal Farts of Importaat Verbs azranged Alpba-
betioallj.

Grammar : § 32, 2, with n. ; § 92 entire ; § 107; § 108 ; »
§109; §110; §111.

Give the principal parts of the verbs that' follow, explaining
the formation of the present from the simple stem, and all
other modifications of the stem that are in any way peculiar.

oyyAXoi (ayycA.-), announce^ ayytXio^ ^yyciXo, ^yycXxo, ^yycAfuu,

^iXBrjy. (IV.)*
fiytty leadf a^co, 5fa (rare), -5x^' ?yf""> VX^^* 2 a. ^yayov.
jolpcM (^-)» tCLkCf alfyij<r<$i, ypv^Ka, ^fyq/JMi, iJ/m^v; 2 a. cIXov.

(vm.)

alcrOdvoiuu (clUtO-), perceive, omt&i^o/juiu, yarOiffJuu; 2 a. 'QcrOofiriv.

(V.)

iSkovm (dicov- for ojcop-), A^ar, oKava-Ofiai, T^Kov<ra, yKOv<rOrjv; 2 p.

» ' 4

OKtJKOa.

cSXCo-Kopoi (aX-y oAo-), be captured, dXtMrofiat, i^Xcoica or iaXiOKa ;

2 a. ^Xoiv or idXiov. (VI.)
dXXoTTM (oAAay-), chxinge^ oAAa^oi, ^XXo^o, -^XA.a;(a, ^AAxiy/iAi,

^XXaxftyv; 2 a. pass. i7XXayi/v. (IV.)
dfMipTOHW (oftapr-), e?T, dfrnfynja-ofiaiy -^fidpTrfKOj -^fmprvffmiy rump-

TTiOrfv ; 2 a. ijfmpToy, (V.)
paCv» 08a-, ^av-), ^o, Prfo-oiuu, pi/S-qKa, 'Pipofim (rare), -ifiajOrfv

(rare) ; 2 p. OScySaa) ; * 2 a. ?/?i;v. (V. IV.)
poXXtf (/JoA-, )8Xa-), throw, /JoXai, /?€/3Xiy#ca, pi^XrifwXy i/3\^^v ;

2 a. ^)3aAov. (IV.)
yCyvo|mu (ycv-), become, yeir^o/mi, yeyivrjfiai ; 2 p. y^ova, am ;

2 a. ^ycvo/xiyv. (VIII.)
YiYVfwncM (yi'o-), hnow, yv(o(rofiau, eyviana, eYvma-fmif lyvmrOriv;

2 a. eyvcDv, perceived. (VI.)



yGoogk



124 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

Ypa^, writCf ypo^cd, hffiojffa, yeypaKJM, ycypo/Afuu; 2 a. pass.

iypaxf>rpf.
8c(icw|u (Scuc-), shoWf Sct^oi, cSci^o, ScScixo, ScSciy/Liai, €S€i\Orfv. (2-)'
.St8po»icii (^pa-)> 9*tm at^;ay, Spao-ofim, SiSpoKa; 2 a. -ISpav/

(VI.)
8(8m|u ($o-), ^t;e, &tfO-o), eScDKo, ScSoiica, ScSo/uu, ^Soft/v. (I.)
8oKi« (Soic-), seerrif thinks Soiiay IQo(a^ ScSoy/iot, iSoxOrjv (rare).

(VII)
loM, permity idjonoy ^taxra, cuuco, ctofuu, daBrfv,
i(|i( (^or-), 5^, itrofuu, imperf. ^v,
cl)u (i-), ^0, imperf. yuv or Ja.
itvor^ (cir- for fcit-, ^-, pc-), said', ipSt^ clira, €i/»i;ica, €iprfiJLan, ippif-


1 2 3 4 5 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Online LibraryJohn Williams WhiteA series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... → online text (page 7 of 21)