John Williams White.

A series of first lessons in Greek: adapted to the second edition of Goodwin ... online

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Orpr. (VIII.)
^Xavvti (eXa-), drive, Tnarch, ^Xu), ^Axuro, c\i;Xaica, ^i/Aofuu, i^Aa-

<V- (V.)

f pXO|UU (eXv^-, l\€V0-), ^0, come, cXcvo-OfUu'; 2 p. cX^XvAi ; 2 a.

^X^v. (VIII.)
lo^Ctt (c8-, ^y-), eo/, ^Sofuzc, ^81780x0, c8i7Sc<r/A(u, yfiitrOijv; 2 a.

^</Kiyov. (VIII.)
cvpCo'iCM (cvp-), ^ncf , cvpi^o^ cvpi/ica, evpvffiau, tvpiOrjv ; 2 a. cvpoi^.

(VI.)

NOTES.

" In 2 108, 2 109, and 2 110, learn the larger type, but merely read
the notes and list of examples. No peculiarities of formation explained
in these paragraphs are again referred to in the following notes.

* The numeral in parenthesis designates the class to which the verb
belongs. When no such numeral occurs, the verb (except irregular verbs
in |u) belongs to class I.

* A hyphen prefixed to a form indicates that it occurs only in com-
position. For TiYaTov, see 2 100, 2, n. 4.

* For oK-tiKOF-Oy 2 102.

» For the 2 p., see 2 125, 4 ; for the 2 a., 2 125, 3.

' Verbs in |u are divided into two classes (marked here respectively
1 and 2). Those marked 2 are a subdivision of V. of the general classi-
fication (see 2 108, V. 4). All other regular verbs in |u (including those
with reduplicated present stems, 2 1^21, 3) are marked 1, and constitute
the first class of verbs in |&u ' See note 2, Lesson XLVIII.

' J125, 3, N. 1.^ • 2 200, N. 3 6.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 125

LESSON LVII.

Verbs : Frinoipal Parte of Important Verbs (cantinited).

Grammar: § 32, 2, with n.; § 92 entire; § 107; § 108;
§109; §110; §111.

Give the principal parts of the verbs that follow, explaining
the formation of the present from the simple stem, and all
other modifications of the stem that are in any way peculiar.

cx« (frex'9 <^€-)' ^^^' ^^**^ ^^ ^rxna-ia, HaxrjKo^ la^ttmy itrxeOrfv;

2 a. Icrxw. (VIII.)
Ifiryvviu (ivy-)* ^oke^ ievita, e^ev^a, (^tvyfiaij i^cvx!^; 2 a. pass.

Kvyv^' (II. 2.)
0nvTi0 (ra^ for ^flu^), bury, 0aAff<o, ci9a^a, riffafifiai; 2 a. pass.

^<£^. (III.)
OyiioicM (Ocar-j Ova-), die, Oaymimi^ r€$inffKa: 2 p. (rc^Foa); 2 a.

iOayay. (VI.)
fi||u (c-), sendj 70-01, iJko, clica, ctfuxi, etOriv.
UWoi&iu (Ik-), come, Zfo/«u, ly/iat ; 2 a. hcofiTp/. (V.)
to^|u (ora-), sety place, (rnjcnay iarrfa-oi, comyica,* cora/ioi, lardBrp/;

2 p. (coToa) ; 2 a. €cmfv. (L)
kXCvio (kAxv-), Jewc?, incline, fcXtvo), IfcXtvo, K€KXi/juuy iKXiOrjv ; 2 a.

pass. ckXiVi/i'. (IV.)

KOVTi* (kOTT-), cut, KOipQ}, CKO^O, 'K€KO<l>a, K€KOfJLfiai ; 2 a. paSS. €/CO-

mjv. (Ill)
icp(yi» (fpiv-), judge, KpivSt, c^pivo, K€Kpuca^ K€Kpifiat, iKpCOrjv. (IV.)
KTfCyi» (kt€V-), fe7^, #cT€va>, ^civa; 2 p. acrova; 2 a. ocravov. (IV.)
XoiipovM (Aaj8-), to^e, Xijil/o/JLOU,^ €iXrj<f>ay uK-qfifkoiy Ikrjflidrjiv ; 2 a.

2\a^ov. (V.)
XavMw {}mB'\ lie hid, escape the notice of, (mid. forgeC), X'^ia,

X^Xtfafiai; 2 p. X^iyfe; 2 a. IXo^ov. (V.)
y^M, say, Xcf 01, IXc^o, XeXeyfiac, lk€)(^v^



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126 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

-XcYWf gcdher^ arrange^ county Xi^ta, cXc^a, -ciXoxo, -ctXey/ioi or

-XeXcy/juu, iX^xOrjv; 2 a. pass. -cXeyi/i/.
XcCm* (Atir-), feave, keul/tOy XeXci/ttfUzc, iX€L<l>Orp^ ; 2 p. Xe\ot^a ;

2 a. ePU^ov. (II.)
ffcavOcwM (jJuaB'^y learUf /JLajOrja-ofmi, fX€fjLaj9rjKa ; 2 a. €fjui$ov, (Y.)
ftCYwiu (/uy-), mis;, fu^oi, ^fujo, /tc/xiy/ioi, ifux/^; 2 a. pass.

^/uyi/v. (2.)
|u|ivi)<rK« (jiva-), remind (mid. remember)^ livqa^ ^n;<ra, /ac-

fivYf/mi {memini)^ ifiin^a-Orpf (as mid.). (VI.)
otYW|u (oty-) and otyw, open, otfo), ^fa or -^a>^a, -^X^ -^^f""*

i<^xOrfy ; 2 p. -Ia>ya (rare). (2.)
AXvfu (oX-), destroy, lose, oXo), oiXco-a, -oXcoXcfca; 2 p. QXcl>Ax^

peiish ; 2 a. mid. (uXo/xi^v, perished. (2.)
j|iw|u and 3|i.viM» (o/u.-, ofio-), sxvear^ ofiovfjuuy tofioara, o/uafioKoif

ofjuD/juxr/juaUy &fi6$7jv OT wfi6<r6rjv, (2.)
6pdM (orr-f 1^), see, wf/ofiaij kmpoKa or copoica, itapafiax or fa/ifiw^

S^e-qv; 2 a. cISoi/. (VIII.)
TcCoXM {vaB-y V€y6'), suffer, ^€10-0110^, ; 2 p. iriirovBa ; 2 a. hroBav.

(VIII.)
vtCOtt (tti^-), persuade^ vtixnjn^ Hirtura, TreirciKo, wareurfjuu, hretaOrp^ ;
2 p. wcTTOifla, ^ri^5^. (II.)

NOTES.

' For (»£«. ' For orf-o-ntKo. ^ See note 7, LeeBon XLV.



LESSON IVIII.

Verbs : Frinoipal Farts of Important Verbs (continited).

Grammar : § 32, 2, with n. ; § 92 entire; § 107; § 108;
§ 109; § 110; § 111.

Give the principal parts of the verbs that follow, explaining
the formation of the present from the simple stem, and all
other modifications of the stem that are in any way peculiar.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK., 127

v/f&irw, sendf vifulro}, ejr€fi\l/a, TreirofiffM, ireirtfifiai, hr€fi<l>Orpr,
T(|urXi]|u (irAa-), fillj TrXiyo-oi, eirkrja-a, veTrXyKO, wf.'rrkrfa'/iaUy cttXiJ-

<r^. (1.)
viirrw (ircT-, irro-), /ally ttco-ov/uu, irenrwica ; 2 a. hr€<r€V, (VIII.)
TXifrTM (irXay-, vkTjy-), strikCf irXiJ^cu, hrk-q^OLy ireirkrfyiiat, iirXrj^

X$7jv (rare) ; 2 p. TrcirXiyya (rare) ; 2 a. pass, iirk-qyi/jv or

-^7rAc£7vv. (II. IV.)
Tpdrrti (ir/oay-), cfo, wpd^u}, hrpoioy weirpaxoL, ircirpayijua.1^ lirpdyOrfv ;

2 p. iriirpayoj have fared {well or i7Z). (IV.)
wv0dvo|uu (irvtf-), Amr, enquire^ ir€V<rofiaiy^ weirvo-fiai ; 2 a. eiru-

6>0/Al/I^. (V.)

^£m# (pi'<f>')y throWy piif/oi, tppul/Oj IppLf^ ippifi/iOLy €ppiif>$rjv :

2 a. pass. ippi<lyqv. (III.)
vTiCpM {<nr€p-\ SOWy <nr€p5iy €<rjr€Lpa, hnrappjoi ; 2 a. pass. i<nrdpnffv.

(IV.)

oTiXXtt (oTcX-), a^TlC?, crrcXci), corciXo, caraAKo, coraA/xat; 2 a.

pass. IfrraXqv. (IV.)
orpc^, ^um, OTpiijftiiy Icrrp&ffa, &rrpafifmiy iarpiifiOrjv ; 2 p. IcrrpoffiP'

(rare) ; 2 a. pass, iarpdifyriv.
o^«m» and o^oIm (o"^-/-), sfay, (r<^afoi, Irfttoioy €<r<f>ayfji(u ;

2 a. pass. co-^yTv. (IV.)
TfCvM (tcv-), stretch, tckw, erctvo, reroKo, rerafAot, ha0rp^* (IV.)
Tffuw (tc/x-, Tftc-), ci^, TC/uo, rer/iiy/ca, rerfiiffmLy erfiijOrjv ; 2 a.

er€fJLOv or h-apjofv, (V.)
Trfxtt (tok-), meft, njf cu, Inyfo, in^x^ (rare) ; 2 p. rirrjKa ; 2 a.

pass, cromyv. (II.)
r<0i|)u (^€-), J9W^, ^ijcrcu, li^i/Ka, tW^iko, reOeifiax, hiO-qv. (1.)
TiTfMMTKM (t/M)-), l(;(mwc2i Tpiacr(j)y erpoxroj rerpuipxUy erp(oOrfv. (VI ►)
Tp/'TWy ^WTTl, T/oc^co, IrpviroLy T€Tpo<l>a or T€Tpa<f}<x, T€Tpa/xfuUy irpi'

<f>$rpr; 2 a. mid. irpawofi-qv; 2 a. pass, erpawrfv,
Tp€^ (tP€<I>' for Op€fl>'), nourish^ OpGJ/ta, c^pc^o, rirpo^ tc-

6pap.fjLaij lOpiffi&ijv (rare) ; 2 a. pass, h-pdfjyqv.
TpcxM (tp<X" ^'0'^ ^P^"> 8p«At-) ^'^^j Spofiovfiai, €$p€$a (rare),

'SiSpafiT^KOLy -SihpdfvqfJLtu ; 2 a. iSpafwv. (VIII.)



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128 FIRST* LESSONS IN GREEK.

rpifin (rpLfi-), ncbf r/ou^a>, h-puffOt rerpujxLi rerptfAfjiai^ €Tpi<f>$rp^ ;

2 a. pass, erpifirfv. (II.)
TVYxiaam (tv\-), hitj happen^ rcv^o/iot, rervx^f a or T€r€v^ ; 2 a.

Itvxov. (V. II.)
^Cva> (<^v-), show^ fftavCiy l<^i/va, TTc^yico, viffxur/JMiy l^MoSrjv ;

2 p. iriif^-qva ; 2 a. pass. Ci^n/v. (IV.)
(^'p«» (ot-, cvcic-, €V€yK' for iv-€V€#c-), Jear, oio-o), ^cy/ca, ci^o^a,

cnyvcy/ioi, ^vcx^v ; 2 a. ^vcyicw. (VIII.)
^iry» (<^vy-), ^6, <f>€V$ofUU or <l>€V$ovfmi ; 2 p. ir€<f>€vya ; 2 a.

€<j>vyov. (II*)
ii?^» (o}6-), picshf aKTO), coxro, hao-fkoiy IwrOrp^, (VII.)

NOTE.

^ See note 7, Leeson XLV.



LESSON IIX,

Formation of Words.

Grammar : § 128 and § 129, 1-10, entire, committing
all the Examples to memory.

Exercises.

I. Give the meaning of the following words and show their
formation : —

1. irXnyii (ttX^ttci), st. TrXrpf-), 2. |&(f&i]oa« (/ii/xeo/tai, imitate).
3. iraxvTi)s (7raxv9, thick), 4. AIvcm(St|s. 5. cvSai|iov(a. 6. ^v-
XaKTJ. 7. •Y€F€o-i$^ (yiyvofioL, st. ycv-, to be bom). 8. XoYio^ios
(Xxyyt^ofiaL, st. Xoyt8-, calculate). 9. dotSos (dctSw, szw^). 10. to-
(oTT)s* 11. dvo|iaa-Ca (ovo/xofoi, name). 12. Ypdufuu 18. ItnnSr.
14. alYCo-Kos (a?^, st. aiy-, goat). 15. VT|o^SfHov (v^o$).
16. ppaSvTTis (^paSvs, sfoii;). 17. ^ttkcucvs (^taKcua, Fhocoea),



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 129

18. fUun:nrr^pw¥ (fiajaraifCCiOy cross-questum, torture). 19. «v»ipSi|
((nro^u)). 20. ^jaBrrrp(9^ (jwyOavio). 21. oMr(o&09). 22. ^
fot (tfUpofiaiy flee affrighted). 23. vvraty st. ^ucrrt- (mn^oyofuu,
St. irv^-). 24. kt4^ (fcroc/uu). 25. Ypaiiiittnvf. 26. x<^
(xai/xtt, St. xap-> rejoice). 27. virydBiar (wTyyiJ). 28. IriXumit
(IroAxia, Italy). 29. SctwirnjpMr (Scinrco), e&W). 30. Spo|M«t
(st. SpofjL' in tSpofjLovy ran). 31. Ipvw. 32. ijiaXrpia (^oXXoi, st.
^oA.-, ^2ay ^A^ harp). 33. Mp(a. 34. dbwmonjp (diroiTiii^iiH
At^rZ the javelin). 35. voXfint. 36. oCHiimt. 37. Riivrvp
(icrtlt<«>, found). 38. o- K iiT p ar (o-anpras /w-op, support).
B9. opva-y^. 40. oUcvt* 41. lUPijm*, st. /janjari^ (jufJon^Kta).
42. dirX4^ (cLxAoos, simple). 43. IIavio(Si|t (Hoi^tfoos^ Pan-
tJums). 44. Kuvdpioy (icvcm'). 45. iw|uvt (vo/tos^ pasture).
46. oSvpi&os (68vpo/iai, bewail). 47. wo f ^ c wir (Tro^cra?, virgin).
48. dXcrpU (aXcio, ^TuQ. 49. c^pot. 50. eiv^MUoy (^o^).

II. Form words with the following meanings : —

1. Smith' (xo^o?; 2»a). 2. Setting (Suw; 3,2*).
3. Hide, skin (Sc/boi, flay ; 4, 1). 4. Place for prayer *
{apajofjLoi, pray ; 6,1). 5. Pursuit (Suok<o; 3,4). 6. Mani-
kin* (oWpunros; 8, 6). 7. AcTION (irparroi, st. wpay- ; 3, 2).
8. Child (rCicrfa, st. tck-, bring forth; 4, 2). 9. Women's
APARTMENT (yunj, st. ywooc- ; 6, 3). 10. ArchERESS (ro^oy ;

2 6,7). 11. Messenger (dyycXXoi, st. d77€X-; 1,1). 12. Fe-
male FLUTE-PLAYER* (avkiio ; 2 b, 6). 13. SoN OP TanTA-
IA5S (TayraXoi, Tantalus). 14. AEGINETAN*(Atytva, ^e^^wa;

10, 2). 15. Yoke ({cvywfn, st. ivy- : l, l). 16. Citizen
{voXis ; 2 b, 3). 17. Instrument for striking (wXyr-
TO); 5). 18. Smithy* (xoXko^; 6, 2). 19. Little shield
(ooTrtV, St. cunrc3-; 8, l). 20. PlatAEAN* (UXaTam, Flataea ;
10, 1). 21. Friendship* (^tXos; 7, 3). 22. Injury {pXairruiy

St. * pXxLp' ; 1, 2). 23. AcOOMPLISHER (vpaura-ia ; 2 6, 2).
24. WiLDNESS (dyptos; 7, 1). 25. GiVER (8i8<i)/lm, st. So-;

2 6, 1). 26. Depth (fia^vs; 7, 4). 27. Son op Cronos (Kpd-



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130 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

yo5; 9). 28. Violence (XajS/ao9, vio^; 7,2). 29. Daugh-
ter of Tantalus. 30. Female LEADER* (ify€Ofiai; 2 &, 4).

NOTE8.

» On the principle of J 109, 8.

■ Drop the final vowel of the stem, 2 128, 3, is. 3.

® The reference is to the sections of 2 129.

* The smaller numeral refers to the suffix (first, second, third, etc., in
order), as here to ens.

* Lengthen the final vowel of the stem, 2 128, 3, w. 4.



LESSON LX.

Formation of Words (coniimced).

Grammar: § 129, 11-18; § 130; § 131; § 132. Take
these Sections entire, and commit all the Examples to
memory.

Exercises.

I. Give the meaning of the following words and show their
formation : —

1. Si|\Ti|M»v (SvfXiofjMtj hurt), 2. ^EKayRdti** 3. x^i^^vs.
4. oncvTivoff ((TKvToq, tanned hide). 5. ST|Xot». 6. denfulttf.
7. ^os. 8. dyopaCos (ayopd). 9. 9t»|ftaTiKat (<r(afJLa, st. amfLor-y
body). 10. Kcpdnvos (/cepa?, st. Kcpar-, horn). 11. (ifLnAofW
(a/ATTcXos, vine). 12. 4Xh» (cXcos, pity). 13. {X«if|M»v. 14. x^-
€nvo9 (x^€s, adv., yesterday). 15. ei|pd» (^p, wiM beast),
16. etipaoTHMS. 17. aY<^T|SoV (ayeXi;, herd), 18. iroW». 19. to-
(cv«*. 20. oYparq'yuiM (arparriyoi), 21. KXayyit^i' ('^^YYV*
clang, din). 22. diryvpovs. 23. TiXcvra». 24. ct56vv«t (ev&vs,
straight). 25. yav|&ax^]^(^ (vavfiax^o}, fight at sea). 26. Poun-
Xctos (fiaxnkevi), 27. ii|upivo$ (ij/i€pa, day). 28. Ix^^pos (^X^os,
hatred), 29. XiinccUvo (A.€v/cos, white). 30. SovXikoV



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FIEST LESSONS IN GREEK. 131

II. Form words with the following meanings : —

1. Wooden (fvAov, wood; 14, 1). 2. To gild (xpvo-os;
§130,3). 3. Deceitful, WILY (8oAo9,t?w7zmw^; 15). 4. Hos-
tile^ (ttoXc/jios; 12). 6. To SPEAK Greek (^EAAiyv, a Orcek ;
§130, 6). 6. Beautiful (st. koX-; 11). 7. To be angry
(xaX«ros, angry ; § 130, 7). 8. Revered * (a-efiofjiai, revere ;
17,1). 9. Of corn {(riro^; 13 i). 10. \VlLD ^ {iypQ^, field ;
12). 11. To LOVE (<^aos; §130,2). 12. To WANT TO LAUGH
(y€\<uo; § 130, N. 1, l). 13. HoT {Oipio, heat; 17, 4). 14. To
SHAME (ato-xos, sJiaiYie ; § 130, 8). 15. Hurtful (pXavTH),

St. jffAa/?-; 13 a, 2). 16. To SPEAK THE TRUTH (aXriSTJ^ ; § 130,
4). 17. Like a barbarian (j3af))3aptfa), behave like a barba-
rian; 18 c). 18. To ARM (oirXor; § 130, 6). 19. In SUMMER
(^cpos, summer; 14, n.), 20. To conquer (nxiy; § 130, 1).

III. Analyze the following compound words, considering
the first part, the last part, and the meaning : —

1. oySptavTovotos, 6 (dv8/ota5, statue; votitii), 2. vavm^YoSf o
(yavs; Tnyyw^i, st. -jray-, build). 3. d|iorpairos, -ov (6/tt05, Zi^€;
Tpoiro^y character). 4. Xoxa'yJs, 6. 5. oparosi -ov (fiaivm),

6. SvoWpCVTOSf -ov. 7. irpMTOTOKOS, -OV (vpiOTO^ fifSt; TlKTd), St.

T€fc-, bear). 8. Ko>fuifixt)S. 9. aydpcuns (J3alv<a), 10. ^povpos,
o (tt/oo; 6pa(o), 11. ^povpopx^s, 6. 12. do-^aXtfsy -cs (o-^oAAo),
^rip T^p). 13. c^fvovs, -ovv. 14. ^YKpanjs, -cs (Kparo?, power).
15. oYpaToiriScvM. 16. vavapxos, 6. 17. ii|il{Q>os, -ov (^un;, /t/*^).
18. virot|r(a. 19. viict|^pos, -ov. 20. lox^irXcvpos, -ov (to-o5, equal;
rrkevpd, rib, side). 21. kcvotcu^iov (iccvds, empty ; Ta<^, tomb).
22. xf"'<^X>^^v^» "OV (xo^i'o^, bridle). 23. oCkovo|los, o (vc/ttw,
dispense, tnanage). 24. ^{Xiinro«, -ov. 25. Kwa*yos, 6 (kvwv;
ayo)). 26. |ua6o4^pos9 -ov. 27. o|JAX<ry^o». 28. x<4><>^ovfQ> (x^cp;
TctVo)). 29. oSri'yos. 30. vfoctSris, -€*- (vcos, youthful; €&o9,/orm).

NOTES.

» Drop the final vowel of the stem, { 128, 3, f. 3.

' Change the P to |fc before v on a parallel principle to J 16, 3.



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STK"TAX.



Learn in the Grammar only the matter in the two largest
sizes of type, unless other sections are specified. Study all the
examples there given, and read any remark in smaller type
that is immediately added to the two largest sizes of type or
to the examples.

There are four sizes of type used in the Syntax of the Gram-
mar. The Notes are printed in the third of these sizes (bour-
geois), and are not to be committed to memory unless specially
mentioned.



LESSON IXI.

Subject and Predicate. — Apposition. — Agreement of A^eo-
tives. —The Article.

Grammar : §§ 133-143. Add § 142, 1, n., but omit
§ 140 and § 143, 2.

Exercises.

I. 1, '^p ixyrj ai/6pQ)7rQ)v. 2. kcu ej^ct tt)v '0/5w-
ra B-uvafjLiv, rov^ Trjv jSacriXeo)? dvywripa €XpvTos>
3. c5oT€ TO orparcv/uta irafiiroKv e^vi). 4. tov
opov^^ rj Kopvifyfj irnkp avrov rov a-rpaTevfiaTo^ ^u,
5. ova St) Qf rfj oj/afidcreL ry fiera Kvpov ol ^EXXiy-
i/e^ enpa^av p^xP^ "^^ h^XV^* ^ '^V ''^poo-O&f \6y(a



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 133

ScSi^Xoireu. 6, rySe yap rg Tjyuipq.^ /ivpiox^ oijfeade
avff 0^09 KXeapxaxj^* 7. Tov9 fih^ avrZn/ amicreive,
Tov^ S* cfcjSaXci'. 8. OLKowa 8c Kcifia^ eh/cu KoXaq ov
irXiov €LKoai ara&Uov^ a-jrcj^ovcra?. 9. Xlapvcrari^
&7 ij P^V^p €<^X€t Tor KSpov /jtaXXoi^ -^ tov )8a<ri-
Xevo^ra *Kpra^4p^v. 10. ivr^vO^v i^eXawei €t9
KeXoi^a^i iroXu^ oiKovpjorrjP, ijueyakyiv /col evSat/uboi^a.
11. aya^o9 6 ai/T}/>. 12. iicjpv^e'^ Sc rots ^EXXiycrc
ovo'Kevd^ea'Ocu.^ 13. /cat eZSor tov9 \6<fx>vs aicrfie-
vol? 14. e/ T^ Trpoada/ irpoafiokg oXtyov5 ej(ciii/®
hraBo/ ov&eu. 15. *A0rjV€u<ai^ to nkijdo^ ^iTrnapxov
oiairrcLL Tvpawov opra anodav^vp. 16. to 8* awXow
Kol TO akriOks ii/Ofu^e to avTO r^ ^Xt^t^' eWt.
17. /cat TO Paaikeioi/ (nrifieiov opav e^acrai/, ocrw Tiva
Xpva-ow. 18. TT/oo^ cTKTfv^p y€(r(w T7I1/ Hc^o^oJin-09.

n. 1. And the gods are judges of the contest.
2. I will carry you over, if you will bestow upon
me^** a talent (as) pay. 3. But the enemy on^^ the
hill observed their march to^^ the summit. 4. In
this pursuit many of the foot-soldiers were slain.

5. And some proceeded and others followed.

6. And he ^' said ^* the expedition was against the
Pisidians. 7. All urged Xenophon to go. 8. And
she gave him much money. 9. The commanders
(are) safe. 10. Many of the barbarians were upon "
this pyramid. 11. And there were many other vil-
lages on^* this plain. 12. He tried to restore the
exiles. 13. The general, accordingly, gave the



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134 FIEST LESSONS IN GREEK.

satrap a four-horse chariot. 14. There is in this
place a palace of the ^* great king.



» Mm who has, etc. '2 186.

» Partitive genitive, J 142, 2, ir. 2. »« 2 184, 1.

3 J 189. " M with the genitive.

* J 175, 1. " M with the accusative.
» i 134, H. 1 rf. « I 143, 1, ir. 2.

^ 2 134, 3, second paragraph. ** ^|i( with the infinitive.

' i 138, ». 7. »* ir.

* 2 277, 6. M See note 1. Lesson XXI.



LESSON IXII.

Frononns.
Grammar : §§ 144-164. Omit § 144, 2 b.

Exercises.

I. 1. ovK cf tcrov, & 'Sievo(f>(i}p, iafieu*^ cru fjLO/
yap i(l> imrov o^^ci, eyct> Se ^oXeTro)? Kd/ja/w rrfv
dcrmBa (jyepiop. 2. X€ipC<ro<fx)P Se KcXevei ot avfine/JL-
xjfOL dno Tov oTOfiaros dphpas. 3. diropovfUvois
8* avrot? TTpocrfjkOe Tt5 cu^p. 4. avro? Scf ta5 Sous ^
arwikafi^ Toi)^ aTpavqyov^. 5. -^i^ oSi^ avT(av ini-
(TKolfdiieda tCp€^ mvcun'cu o"<^86ras, koI tovt<o 8oJ-
/to^ avT^v ^ dpyvpLoVt iatas nvks <^avowrai Ikovoi tulcLs
o)(f>€k€w, 6. XotTTW* /utoi etTreu' OTTcp /cat yJyioTov
vofjltfi> elvou. 7. aXXov two^^ Set wpos rovrots ots
Xcyet. 8. ol oTparr/yoL, ot 8ta moTCcu? rots fiapfid'
pots eavTovs a/ex^ipLcoLi/, TroXXa /cat /ca/ca TrcnopdaxTLP.



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FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 135

9. TTpos Se fiao-ikiia mfiwiov rf^av €&€K(f)o^ iiv^ avrov
So0^vai oV ravra^ ra^ TroXct^. 10. .AcfiTTTToi' Bk
KeXeuovo'i SLcurdcrapra avroi^^ ra irpo fiara, ra fih/
oifTov^ kafi&i/, TOL he (nfJia'w airohowai. 11, qv^
€apa eoTip afxeKeLP iifKov avrtov, iZ. ct yap ra
cra^^ KoKcj^ expu,^^ 13. TeKfjLTjpiov he tovtov kcu
ToSe?^ 14. crv re yap ^^EXXi^i/ el koI rip^l^ to-
croSrot^* oi^c9 ocrov? (ri) 6p^^. 15. ovs o&^ ecopa
iOekovraq Kwhvvevew, tovtovs ap^ovra^ eiroUi ^^
Karearpe^To ^copa^}^ 16. kcu Belrai aov rij/jLepov
TOVTOV Tov ovvov eKTTievv crin/ ols^* /naXtora fftikel^.
17. Twa yvwixrjv e^€t9 nepl rfj^ iropeCa^ ; 18. ei
ovv vw aTTohei^Oeiiff Tiva ^)(pr) ^^ r/yelaOav, ovk av,
OTTorc ol TToXcfLtot cX^otci/,^^ fiovKeveo-Oai 17/1019 8cot.^^

II. 1. / am willing to transport you. 2. For
they are now themselves burning the king's country.
3. But once the king'a army.^® invaded their coun-
try.^ 4. And beside these he had (those) whom^
the king gave him. 5. But if any one sees another
better^ (plan), let him speak. 6. And he commanded
what soldiers he himself had to follow. 7. Having
persuaded his own city,^ he sailed away. 8. But
they attempted to induce him to return. 9. Where-
fore the king did not perceive, the plot against^
himself. 10. You neither love them^ nor (do)
they ^ (love) you. 11. But with these arms we will
fight even for^® your possessions. 12. He thinks
the general sent back to him ^ what army he had.



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136 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

13. Cyrus set out with^ (those) whom I have men-
tioned. 14. He designated the same man (as)
general. 15. They planned these same (things).
16. Who wounded Cyras, the son^ of Darius?

NOTES.

* The preceding pause prevents the recession of the accent.
» { 277, 5. » { 154, N.

» Fw them. *• J 153, h. 1.

* Sc. UrrL » { 134, H. 2.

» Something else. See { 172, 1. » { 224, and { 232, with 4.

* { 277, 2. » A royal army.

'' Accented when emphatic. ^ Threw {itself) in upon (els) them.

* I 184, 3. « Use jirot.

* { 145, 1. " Neuter singular.

w 2 171, 2. « The of himself city, 1 142, 4, is. 3.

" Sc. vpayiMTO. ** vpc^

"* 2 251, 1. * Use iKitvos.

" 2 148, N. 1. « «ipC

" ? 87, 1.

^ Accusative of the reflexive with vp^

« Ixw. «• 2 141. ¥. 4.



LESSON LXIII.

irominatiye, AccnsatiTe, and Tooatiye Oases.

Grammar : §§ 157-166. Eead the Eemarks preceding
§§ 157, 158, but omit § 162.

Exereises.

I. 1. Kol hroiovp ovrco? oSrot. 2. & dav/xcuruo-
rare ai/0pam€, avye ovSc op&p ytyi'dScriccts ouSc
aKovtai/ yAyarqa-ajL. 3. aXX' opare, & av8p€^, r^v
/3acri\€<ji^ iirvopKiiw Koi acre^euu/. 4. iropevofiepoi



yGopgk



FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK. 137

8c 8wl ravrrj^ ty}^ x^P^^ a(f>LKiH)vin'(u im rbv Macricai'
vtyrofiop, TO ^po^ irKedpialov. 5. /jLeivain-e^: 8c tou-
rqp T^v rf/iepav ry aXkri ^ hropevovro. 6. dXXa /Lta
Tov^ 0€oif^ ovK eyorye aurov9 Suo^cd. 7. toctovtov?
yap yrrjcre tov (rarpamp/, 8. Toiavra rov^ €)(0pov^
r/fiZn/ oi Oeoi woLijcrovcnv. 9. 8cr tov aTpwndTYjv
<f)ofi€ur6(u fiaXkop tw dp^ovra ^ tov^ wci^/iiov^, ct
/xeXXcL (f>v\aKa^ (f>vKd^€w. 10. KpdriOTOv, w Xct-
pLa'o<f)€, rifiiv lea-doL m Taxf^ora im to aKpov.

11. oicFTC Kol ^T^/Ltara (nn^efidWovro avr^ eU
rrp/ rpoifjf^i/ rZv OTpaTLwraiv al ^rdXct? cicovcrcu.^

12. TO 8c XotTTw' neipacropieOa toutti^ rfjs rd^ecos^

13. dircJjfoi' T^5 X'^P^^P^^ ocrov oktcd (rraZiow.

14. ^Aptaio^ Sc, oj/ 17/Act9 ri94\oiJL€v fidcriKia KaOioTd-
voL^ rifia<; icaicS?^ tto^cu' ireLparai. 15. KXcap^c zeal
Upo^Q/c, /cat oi dXXot ot napovres ^EXXi^rc?, ovk tore
o Tt irotciTC. 16. '^(W 8c K>) Ata /col ij/jict)}/ ot
cSctco^.

II. 1. And another army was collected for him
in the following® manner. 2. For these have sworn
falsely by '^ the gods. 3. We will ask * the general
whether he has garrisons in the cities. 4. Why
do you ask me for boats? 5. And thence they
proceeded one stage, four parasangs. 6. They
wished to rob them of their land. 7. The general
has committed a great error.® 8. lii the following
manner,^*^ therefore, he- made ^^ his levy. 9. But the
Greeks proceeded safely for the rest^^ of the day.



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138 FIRST LESSONS IN GREEK.

10. And the foundation was fifty feet ^ in height.

11. They remained there seven days. 12. Through
the middle of the city ^* there flows a river, which is
called the Cydnus,*'^ two plethra in width. 13. He
was chosen general.^* 14. This man became king.
15. What opinion have you expressed, Socrates ?

NOTE8.

» 3 189. Sc. liitf'pf. * i 171, 1

* 1 138, K. 7. » 2 165, H. 1.

3 T^ Xmttov, henceforth, i 160, 2. • { 160, 2, and | 148, u. 1.
^ i 158, IT. 2.

' Observe that ask here means inquire of.
» J 159, N. 2. . " J 160, 2, ninth example.

» «38c. w J 169, 3, first example.

" Middle. " i 142, 4, k. 4.

^* TFAtcA w called the Ch/dnus, i.e. C^rfntt* in name,
" { 166, N. 4.



LESSON LXIT.

Genitiye Oase.

Grammar: §§ 167-172. Kead the Bemark preceding
§ 167.

Exercises.

I. 1. im TaJ? /Sao-tXciw? Ovpcu^ ijcrai/. 2. o/jiq)^
Sc ol TToXXol 8t* alcrxyirrjv kol oXKtjXcov koI Kvpov
oDviqKoKovOyfa'av* 3. /col yap^ vofJLOil ttoXXoI PQaKrj"
ixdrajp Kar€k7}<f>0rf(rai/. 4. Kprfnl^ 8' vtt^i/ X^Oiyrj to
v\]fo^ eiKOCTL 7roBa>v. 5. icai rcii/ hiafiajLvovroiv tov
TTOTafjLOv ovScls ifipexOr) ai/onipo} TOii/ /LtaorSw^ viro
roi) TTora/AoG. 6. rSi' fio' yap PiKojin'cjv to KwraKoi-



yGoogk



FIKST LESSONS IN GREEK. 139

pcir, rZiV 8c riTT(oiiev(ai/ ro aTroOirqa-Keiv iarL 7. koI
hnavda iroWTf Kpavyq ^v tov OTpaTevfiaro^. 8. icai
h-a^€P avrow Xafiovra/s tov fiapfiapiKov arpaTov
ain^K^ifia^ea^ ras a/na^a?. 9. t&v Se wepLTT&p
lL€Te8iSo(r(w aXXiyXots.^ 10. v/juek yap So^crc atrtot
€u/ai ap^ame^ rov Zia^au/ew} 11. trpSyrov yJo;
KaTaKava'Ct)iJL€P ras a/xa£a9 a9 €)(oim€i/, wa p/q tol
Ifivyyj Tjp^&v oTparrjy^. 12. fiovkerat oiu kolL (re
TovTiov yevo'aadai, 13. ravra S^ crwarriveyp^a ^v^
TGI aarpa'TrevovTi rfj^ ^(opw;. 14. icoi tS)v orpaTuO'
Tojti/ oi crm/eTTOfiG/oL d7ro}X(o\€cr(w. 15. i^amvrj^ oi
fih/ ovtZv ero^evov kol iTTTrets kcu iretpi, ol 8* ia'(f>€V'
S6v€ov. 16. KCU €1 Tts hk^ ■)(p7fp,dT(ov kiTidvp.ei, Kpa-
relv Treipdo'da}, 17. 8i(f>d€pa^ a? eixov (TKeirdo'iiaTa
imfiTrkacriw ^oprov Kov(f>ov. 18. irdvre^ yap KOLvfj^
cayrripCa^ Beop^eda. 19. oi 8c orpaTiSrat avrot cVt-
CLTLcpov Beopei/oL Sid tovtq ddvp.ovo'w. 20. ypd^e
p,€ rSiv LTmeikiv hriOvpovmoiv.

II. 1. But we resolutely refrained on account of
our oaths (sworn in the name) of 'the gods. 2. And
underneath there was a foundation of polished stone.
3. And upon this foundation a brick fort .a hundred
feet in height had been built. 4. So the great (part)
of the Greek (army) was in this way persuaded.
5. Many of the beasts of burden perished of "^ hun-
ger. 6. He marched on to the river, which was ^ a
plethrum* in width. 7. The water did not touch
the hay. 8, It is right to obtain this. 9. No one


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