John Woolf Jordan John Newton Boucher.

A century and a half of Pittsburg and her people, Volume 4 online

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forge and later as a machinist at the Paragon Works at Dundas at South
Queens Ferry. Upon his arrival in this country he secured employment in
New York as a machinist for the first year and from there went to Ohio,
where he was employed by the Port Washington Iron & Coal Company.
Two years later, 1877, he was employed at the Lucy Furnaces at Pittsburg,
Pennsylvania, first as chief engineer. In 1886 he was promoted to assistant
superintendent and in 1888 was made its general superintendent, which position
he still holds. Politically Mr. Scott votes the Republican ticket and in his
church faith is a Presbyterian.

In 1876 he married Miss Helen E. Johnston, of Sterling, Scotland. She
is the daughter of Captain George Johnston and wife, and was born in India in
1854. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Scott are as follows: Jessie B.,
married to Dr. Alric Garland; Fannie Maxwell, married to Dr. Mller, one
daughter; James Murray, deceased; Margaret Murray; Helen E., married to
Mr. Frederick Fairbanks ; Elizabeth B. ; and George J.

WILLIAM JEFFERY SPAHR, one of the leading grocers of East
Liberty, a part of "Greater Pittsburg," is a native of the Twentieth ward of
this city, born October 24, 1858, son of Lemuel and Elizabeth (Alexander)
Spahr. The Spahrs are from old Revolutionary stock, the subject's great-
grandfather having been a soldier in that struggle for our national indepen-
dence. The grandfather, Peter Spahr, was born at Carlisle, Pennsylvania,
early in the nineteenth century, and moved from Carlisle to East Liberty in
April, 1826. He married Mary Elizabeth Longsdorf, and their children were
as follows: i. Jesse, who married twice and reared a family; two of his
children, Edward ^nd Dr. Clarence Spahr, of Bridgeville, Pennsylvania, still
survive. 2. Joseph. 3. Lemuel, of whom more later. 4. Ephraim, mar-
ried Mary Woods, and their children are Joseph H. H. and John B. McFadden.
5. Mary Elizabeth, married Jacob Doolittle, of Carnegie ; they have one child.



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PITTSBURG AND HER PEOPLE 107

Jacob Miller Doolittle, bom February 26, 1866. 6. Anna, married a Mr.
Scott, of Washington, D. C.

Lemuel Spahr, the father, was born March 17, 1823, on Ferry street,
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. He learned the tanner's trade and followed it several
years on Penn avenue. East Liberty. He sold the tannery business and
returned to the old homestead on Ellsworth avenue, between Highland and
College avenues, which consisted of about twenty-one acres. Here he engaged
in truck-gardening, continuing in the same for twenty-one years. He married
Miss Elizabeth Alexander, daughter of Joseph and Agnes (Fife) Alexander,
of Bridgeville, Pennsylvania. They were the parents of the following children:
I. Amelia A., unmarried. 2. Elmira, unmarried. 3. A. Josephine, who
married Albert H. Ritscher, and they have children: Ethel Spahr, William
J. S., Elizabeth W., Albert Hutter and Robert Coleman. 4. William Jeffery.

William Jeffery Spahr was educated at the common and high schools of
Pittsburg and graduated from the commercial department of the last named
school in 1877. Having thus well equipped himself for the duties of a
business man he at first worked in a coal yard, after which he found better
employment in a grocery store at No. 6225 Penn avenue. After being
employed there two months, in the Dennison grocery, he, in company with
Thomas E. Milliken, March 8, 1880, bought out the business, which they
conducted successfully for six years. At that date Mr. Spahr took the entire
business himself and continued to operate it for eleven years longer. In
1897 he moved to more commodious quarters at No. 61 17 Penn avenue, where
he now has one of, if not the largest grocery store in East Liberty. He is also
interested in the firm of Spahr & Ritscher, of which he is a partner. The last
mentioned business is with his brother-in-law, Albert H. Ritscher, and was
organized in 1893. Mr. Spahr has been largely interested in other affairs of
the city, being at one time a director in the East End Savings & Trust Com-
pany, director of the Board of Trade, and connected with the Lincoln Avenue
Building & Loan Association. Politically, Mr. Spahr is an independent voter,
and in religious faith is a member of the Presbyterian church.

He was married, January 27, 1887, to Miss Martha R. Wattles, daughter
of W. Warren and Martha Washington Wattles.

JAMES CLARENCE ADAMS. The secretary and treasurer of the
well known D. J. Kennedy Coal Company, James C. Adams, was born
November 25, 1871, at Worthington, Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, son of
Joseph Shields and Mary Emily (Blaine) Adams. The father was born
March 15, 1840, on his father's farm in Richland township, Venango county,
Pennsylvania. The subject's grandfather, William Adams, was born about
1802, and his wife, Mary Shields, was born in 1805. William Adams, with
his brother James, came from Kishacoquillas. in Eastern Pennsylvania,
and settled in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania. William, however,
remained there but a short time and then went to Venango county, where
he engaged in farm pursuits. His brothers and sisters were: i. James,
before mentioned. 2. John, removed to Indiana. 3. Samuel, married a
Nesbit. 4. Nancy, married William Donaldson. 5. Rachel, married
David Joy.

The issue of William and Mary (Shields) Adams was: i. Margaret,



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who married William Patton, and they had — Mary Katharine, who mar-
ried Elliott Robb. 2. Sarah Ann, married Charles McClatchey, and their
children were: Mary Elizabeth, wife of Hiram Bricker; Emma, wife of
Levi Wilson; Albert, Olive, deceased; Rose, unmarried. 3. Nancy,
married Edward Blaine, and their children were: Oda, William, Shields
and Walter. 4. Rachel, married William Hamilton Noble, and their
children were: Ella, Rose, Myrtle, Jennie, Nancy and Robert Shields.
5 and 6. Elizabeth and Mary, died young. 7. Joseph Shields, who is the
subject's father. 8. James P., married Miriam Robinson, and their children
are: Lula, Carrie, Edward, Laura, Howard and Emma.

Joseph Shields Adams, the seventh child of William and Mary (Shields)
Adams, made farming his life occupation. Politically, he is a Republican.
In his religion he is of the Presbyterian faith. He married Mary Emily,
daughter of James and Margaret (Morrison) Blaine. Her father, James,
was the son of James and Deborah (Baird) Blaine. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Shields Adams are the parents of : i. William Edward, single. 2. James
Clarence, subject. 3. Frank Burton, single. 4. Walter Howard, married
Janett Ferguson, and their issue is one daughter, Marion Blaine. 5. Albert
Leslie. 6. John Milton.

James Clarence Adams, son of Joseph Shields Adams and wife, was
educated in Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, and has engaged in the coal
business continuously since starting out in life. Politically he votes the
Republican ticket and in religious faith is a Presbyterian.

He married, in 1898, May, daughter of Professor L. P. Greves, of
Pittsburg, and by this union two children were born: i. Gertrude Dale,
born in 1899. 2. Russell Blaine, born in 1903.

NATHAN FLEMING HART, one of the prominent iron men of the
Pittsburg district in his lifetime, was born in Uniontown, Fayette county,
Pennsylvania, January 8, 1814, and died April 7, 1883. He came to Pitts-
burg in 1833, his father removing from Uniontown that year.

Nathan F. Hart entered the firm of Pennock, Mitchell & Company
in 1842; in 1847 he, with the late Joseph Pennock, formed a partnership
under the firm name of Pennock & Hart; later Samuel L. Pennock came
into the firm, the name being changed to Pennock, Hart & Company,
located at what is now Twenty-fourth and Railroad streets, where they
carried on a general foundry business. In 1859 Mr. Hart became the silent
partner in Mackintosh, Hemphill & Company, lending them his financial
aid. In 1862 the firm of Pennock, Hart & Company was dissolved, and
after this he devoted his time to the interests of Mackintosh, Hemphill &
Company, retiring from active business in 1878.

He was a devout Christian gentleman, charitable and patient in all of
his dealings with men, and was not ready to believe ill of his fellow-kind.
He was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, and at one time
taught in its Sabbath-school. He was the son of Joshua and Rachel
(Fleming) Hart, and had one brother and three sisters, who were:
Miranda, died unmarried; Martha, married Dr. W. S. Mackintosh; Wil-
liam K., married a daughter of Dr. George McCook: and Elizabeth B.,
wife of Henr}r' Hays.



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PITTSBURG AND HER PEOPLE 109

Nathan F. Hart married, September 30, 1852, Sarah Walter Pennock,
of the old and well known Pennock family of Chester county, Pennsyl-
vania. By this union one son was born, Pennock Hart, treasurer of the
old firm of Mackintosh, Hemphill & Company, who survives his father,
and is now residing with his mother on Highland avenue, East End,
Pittsburg.

Mrs. Sarah Walter (Pennock) Hart was born July 19, 1829, a daughter
of Joel and Phebe (Walters) Pennock. Phebe Walters was born August 8,
1807, and she married Mr. Pennock in the old London Grove Meeting
House, Chester county, Pennsylvania, October 15, 1828. Joel Pennock,
father of Mrs. Hart, was born January i, 1801, and came from old Quaker
stock. He was engaged in the iron business many years near Coatesville,
Pennsylvania (Laurel Iron Works) ; also at the Chester Furnace, Hunt-
ingdon county, Pennsylvania. He died in 1875, leaving two children:
Sarah, who married Nathan Hart, and Samuel, born June 19, 1834, who
married Annie Hampton, daughter of Judge Moses Hampton. Joel Pen-
nock was the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Underbill, nee Johnston Pen-
nock. Samuel was born April 4, 1763, and Elizabeth, February 2, 1763.

The American ancestor of the Pennocks was Christopher Pennock,
a native of Ireland, who settled in the vicinity of Primative Hall, near
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1685; married Mary Collett, daughter of
George Collett, ol Ireland; he died in Philadelphia, 1701. He was an officer
in the service of King William of Orange, and was at the battle of the
Boyne, 1690. He had a son Joseph, who was born in Ireland, 1677, and
was eight years of age when his people emigrated to America. He moved
to Chester county, Pennsylvania, married Mary Lewis, and from them the
present Pennocks of this part of the country descended.

SAMUEL GALEY was the second child of Robert Galey and Margaret
Rodgers, who were among the first settlers of Clarion county, Pennsylvania.
He was born on August 23, 1852, in the old log house at Red Bank on the
Allegheny river, seventy-five miles above Pittsburg. He was named for his
grrandfather, Samuel Rodgers, who was a member of the Irish Cavalry. In
1865 ^c family moved to a larger and better farm located near the Clarion
creek and back of Perrysville, Pennsylvania. The farm was secured by the
foreclosure of a mortgage.

There were ten children in the family, three of them, John, Tom and
Robert were step-brothers. The other children were William, James, Rachel,
David, Daniel and Laura. They each received the best education the com-
munity afforded, while attending to the numerous duties of the farm. The
clothes were made by the mother of rough homespun, the flax for which she
raised in her garden, and the shoes, which were only used on special occasions,
were the handiwork of the lather.

Shortly after the family had settled on this farm the first great oil excite-
ment came. Business men of Pittsburg sent out their agents or came in
person to lease the lands of the farmers. Robert Galey, who had become
prosperous from the products of his farm, drilled several wells on his property
along the Clarion creek, and they proved to be good producers. The drilling
operations were kept as secret as possible. One well in particular, known as



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the Mellon well, is still pumping. Another, known as the Dexter, is still
pumped once a week by horse power and produces several barrels of fine
quality of oil. It is an interesting old relic, with its squatty derrick almost
overgrown with weeds and trees. Good coal was discovered on the farm and
the mining of this, together with the care of the wells and the farm duties,
kept the whole family very busy, the boys working night shift on the wells.
The Standard did not exist then with its pipe lines, and the oil, which at first
sold from ten to sixteen dollars a barrel, was shipped down the river to the
refineries in Pittsburg on a flatboat. The high prices for oil soon fell as the
number of wells increased throughout the country.

About 1875 Samuel came to Pittsburg to receive a better education.
He made his home with Judge Mellon, on Negley's lane, now known as Negley
avenue, in the East End, and attended the old public school on Margaretta and
Beatty streets for several years. He was of a powerful build and delighted to
wrestle. Next door lived Thomas A. Mellon, the oldest son of the Judge.
Here he ijiet Mary E. Drake, who was visiting her cousin, Mrs. Mellon, while
attending the school on Margaretta street. She was three years his junior
and their acquaintance ripened into marriage in June, 1880, the ceremony
being performed in the home where she was visiting.

About this time there came a report that oil had been struck at Bradford,
Pennsylvania. There was a great rush to the new field, and Samuel Galey
started thence with his wife. • He had saved several thousand dollars and bor-
rowed some more from his father. He and his three brothers were among the
first in the new field. He secured some timber land in a wild valley at a little
place later known as Haymaker and about ten miles from Olean, New York.
Here he built three little houses, in one of which he started housekeeping.
He drilled several wells in the vicinity in partnership with his brothers, one
almost at his front door, and they all produced richly. With the profits thus
made more wells were drilled until seventy-five or more wells were producing.
He lived in this place about three years and had one son, Thomas. There
were many fortunes made in this strike, but many lost it through gambling and
other causes. With the business start secured here he extended his operations
into the Beaver county fields, moving his home to the town of Beaver Falls,
Pennsylvania. Here a son Frank was born. After a year here he again
moved to Negley avenue, in Pittsburg, and built a house just opposite to the
one in which he had met his wife.

His operations in the oil business extended into the opening and develop-
ing of all the important fields of the country, notably the Turkeyfoot, G)ra-
opolis, Butler, W^est Virginia and Ohio fields. With two of his brothers,
William and James, he was a member of the firm of Galey Brothers. They
opened up a particularly valuable field near Woodsfield, Ohio, where they
drilled a large number of wells. He was a very hard worker and exposed
himself to the elements, which caused the breakdown of his strong constitu-
tion. His health first began to fail on returning from the Pan-American
Exposition in 1900. His trouble was diagnosed as Bright^s disease, and real-
izing he was doomed, his firm decided to sell out their Ohio properties. He
put all his business affairs in good shape, made his will and awaited the end,
which came, after much suffering, early Christmas morning of 1901 at the
age of forty-nine years and four months. Interment took place in Beaver
cemetery, where three of his children had preceded him.



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PITTSBURG AND HER PEOPLE in



He was a member of the East Liberty Presbyterian church and is sur-
vived by his wife, sons, Thomas and Frank, and a daughter, Dorothy. In
his prime he was about five feet ten and one-half inches in height and
weighed one hundred and eighty-eight pounds. His shoulders were broad
and heavy and his build stocky. His affection for his family was unbounded
and his greatest delight was to play with children. One of his favorite amuse-
ments was to play a joke on a friend. He returned several times a year with
his sons to the old farm in Clarion, which was still the home of his brother
Daniel, and they all three turned loose in the fields to help harvest or shock
the wheat. The walk from the station to the farm was about six miles, and
as the boys generally gave out long before the journey was finished, the
remainder was finished on his back. He always went around to see the old
wells just as though they were old friends, climbed up on the tank, smelled
the oil or turned the dead engine over a few times.

DANIEL GALEY was the founder of this family in this country. He
was married to Peggy Fulton and had one son, Robert, born 1812. He was
a prosperous Protestant Irish farmer, and a native of Lower Casteltown,
parish of Cappaigh, Kin Kitt, county Tyrone, Ireland. On an adjoining farm
lived Andrew Mellon, the father of Judge Thomas Mellon, who was then a
small lad. In 1819 the two families emigrated to America, the voyage in a
small sailing ship consuming twelve weeks, very severe storms having been
encountered. Daniel Galey was very ill during the trip and almost died.
They finally landed at St. Johns, New Brunswick, and later shipped for Balti-
more, Mar>'land, arriving at that port October i, 1819. Here the two families
parted, the Mellons going west and Daniel obtained work from a widow lady
in Maryland as the superintendent of her plantation and an overseer of her
slaves. After a few years in Maryland he died, and his wife and son moved
to Pittsburg, the journey being made over the old canal so far as it had been
built and the remainder finished in one of the old-fashioned Conestoga wagons.
They arrived in Pittsburg about 1820-1 and bought a little house on Wiley
avenue. Robert renewed hjs acquaintance with Judge Mellon, who had come
to the city from Plum township to stay with him while he studied law at the
Western University. Robert became a fine practical blacksmith, learning his
trade at the Morrison foundry, where now stands the Park Building, mean-
while snatching a fair education.

In the early thirties the family landed in the wilderness, traveling by
wagon, and settled on Cherry Run, Clarion county. After two years here they
moved to Red Bank, on the Allegheny river, where he continued to live,
Robert having married, and his mother died shortly after moving here. They
obtained the land for three dollars an acre, the owner having received it by
grant. The land was rich and soon bore fruit, but the forest first had to be
cleared off and a cabin built. There were deer and bear in the woods and it
was not uncommon for Indians, who had come down the river in canoes, to
call to beg or buy grain. The bitter border warfare between the red and white
man was still fresh in the minds of the middle-aged inhabitants. Peggy Fulton
was small of stature and very active and intelligent.

Robert Galey was married to Rachel Spahar. Their children were as
follows: I. John H., who married first Jennie Smith. Their child was



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112 A CENTURY AND A HALF OF



Helen. After her death he married Lillian Tebbetts. Their children were
Tebbetts and Harry. 2. Thomas married Olive Yingling. Their children
were Jesse and Clara. 3. Robert married Mary E. Banks. Their children
were George and Anna.

After the death of his first wife, Robert Galey was married to Margaret
Rodgers, in March, 1848. Their children were as follows: i. William, mar-
ried Ida Nicholas, died October 4, 1907. Their children were Etta and
Charlena. 2. Samuel, married Mary E. Drake; died December 25, 1901.
Their children were: Thomas, Frank and Dorothy. 3. James, married
Caroline Snyder. Their children were: Jean, Florence and Helen. 4.
Rachel, married Thomas Grant. 5. Laura, married Charles Farnsworth, died
1892. Their child was Robert. 6. Daniel, married Huldea Neeley. 7. David,
married Elsa Dunkel, died, and their children were Laura, Ruth and Rodgers.

Robert Galey was a good and industrious farmer and educated his chil-
dren to thrift and saving habits. Oil and coal were discovered on his property
back of Perrysville, Clarion county, whence he had moved after fourteen or
fifteen years' residence in Red Bank. The oil he sent down the river in
flatboats to Pittsburg, realizing a very high price for it. By tliis means,
together with the products of his farm, he accumulated a considerable fortune.
He passed his last days in Bellevernon, on the Monongahela river, where he
died at the age of eighty- four in the year 1896. His wife, who is eighty-seven
years of age, still survives him.

The following are the diflferent ways the name has been spelled: Gayley,
Gayly, Gealy, Gailey and Galey.



THE RODGERS FAMILY, with a sketch of the life of Margaret Rodg-
ers, wife of Robert Galey, and dictated by her.

My great-grandfather, Oliver Rodgers, came from England into Ireland
at the time of the F>ench war. His occupation was that of a calico inspector.
He was light complected and was known as the largest man physically in
England, being over seven feet in height and broad in proportion. He married
Christina Johnson in Ireland. Both he and his wife died young, about the
time powder was put under the Parliament House in the reign of King Wil-
liam. His children were William, Nancy, Molly and George, who was my
grandfather.

George Rodgers was fair complected and a finely built man. He was a
farmer in county Donegal, Ireland. One of his duties was to help row a big
six-oared life boat out to sea during a storm. Both he and his brother William
died young by overdoing themselves by hard work. His wife was Susan
Howard, and she lived to the age of eighty-nine, her death occurring at the
old farm in Red Bank, Clarion county, just after we had settled there and
six months after our arrival in America. Their children were : Tom, Susie,
Jennie, Lettie and Sam, who was my father.

Sam Rodgers was born and baptized at Linsforth Episcoplier in November,
1786. He was an industrious farmer and a dealer in cattle, by which means he
saved considerable money. He was a member of the Irish Cavalry. For
thirty years he suffered with dyspepsia and as a result was very weak. He
died November 2, 1852, having been under the care of old Dr. Wallace. He
was buried in Lawrenceburg, Qarion county. His wife was Margaret Cook^



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PITTSBURG AND HER PEOPLE 113

who was small of stature and healthy. She was born in Ireland in 17 — , and
died at the age of seventy-two in the old log house on farm back of Perrys-
ville. Their children were Elizabeth, Susan, Jane, Sally, Mary, William,
Letilda, Rebecca and myself.

1 was born December 15, 1821, at Faum, Ireland, and was baptized there.
This place is on the coast and distant seven miles from Derry. My twin sister
died at an early age. I went to school in Ireland and can remember well the
country and incidents of my life there. In 183 1-2, when I was eleven years
old, we emigrated to America, where I attended school for one month more.
Our ship was named the Syrus Butlow. She was perhaps one hundred
feet long and had three masts, the middle one about as great as a linseed
hogshead. We were towed out of the harbor by a small steam tug which did
not dare venture out to the big waves. We children soon became very ill,
but after a week recovered. We all brought our own provisions, which con-
sisted of meal and potatoes. A fire was built under a great kettle mounted
in a swinging crane on the deck and in this we cooked all our food. Each
family had a net, to which a long string was attached. The potatoes were
held in the net until boiled, while the children took turns at holding the string.
The captain had a goat to furnish him with milk, but the crew and ourselves
used warm sweetened water on our mush.

We encountered two storms, one being especially severe. Three helms-
men were knocked from the helms in succession. The fourth man was chained
to it and during that operation the ship got in the trough of the sea and we
shipped three seas. The water flooded the cabins and we thought all was lost,
but the ship each time righted herself and the crew finally got her head on to
the wind. We pitied the poor sailors, who had to climb all over the rigging
and reef in or put out sail accordingly as the captain ordered. They would
come down almost frozen to death and while they pulled on the ropes they
would sing. One young sailor named Isaac Cruso was very kind to me and I



Online LibraryJohn Woolf Jordan John Newton BoucherA century and a half of Pittsburg and her people, Volume 4 → online text (page 16 of 69)