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of full size, and one-half of another comb. Be-
fore the bees stopped they cut out two combs
over two-thirds of each comb and built new comb
in its place. It was very old comb. There were
no moths in the hive. It was an Italian swarm.
There was no brood in the combs. This is some-
thing that I never saw before. R. Milleb.

Maliegin Grove, Lee Co,, lU.


Most aparians have considered the spider the
common enemy of the bee. That they make
their webs in unwelcome places about an apiary,
and now and then entangle a bee, is true, and
the web is easily brushed away, and its maker
destroyed, but the writer has found that inside
of a Langstroth hive (i. e. where the boxes are
put on) the spider is a real benefit. A little ob-
servation wQl show that no moth miller escapes
them, and though the spider cannot get into the
innermost hive, he is a complete exterminator of
all intruders. Let him live.


Eblmesburg, Pa,

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[For the American Bee Joarnal.] .{

Fertilization in Oonfinement.

Ab there has been a good deal said about
** Fertilization in Confinement," pro and con, in
the different bee JQumals and agricultural pa-
pers, it may not be out of place for me to put in
a word.

In the first place, I will say that it is an un
mitigated humbugy concocted by a few aspiring
Italian queen bee raisers, in order to sell their
queens, as superior to queens raised by those
who do not understand the art of humbugery,
and those who did not wish to practice the art
of deceit.

When it Was first started, many of the very
best apiarians, with hopes that there might be
some truth in it, and that it would become a
success, tried it until their patience became worn
out, and they gave up all hopes. Amonsr them,
are Rev. L. L. L., R. M. Argo, Doct. Bohrer,
E. Gallup, and many others that might be
named, and most of them thought they had
succeeded. A few of them still insist tliat it is
a success, notwithstanding the rejection of all
the offers that have been made for them to give
it a fair trial, and agreements to come to my
apiary and fertilize firty queens in confinement,
for $10 each, and I have since offei-ed $2,500 for
one hundred, and I am still willing to give $100
for each queen they make a success in my apiary
next season. Among those that insist on its
being a success, is one that is called a prominent
apiarian of this State (but I would say that he
or sTie is a successful Langstroth copiest), but I
suppose they think it being well stuck to, is as
good as though it was the truth. It would not
be consistent with themselves unless they did,
and they have ^one so far as to say that I did
not tell the truth, in saying that they agreed at
the Cleveland Convention to come to my apiary
and learn me the fine art for the small sum of
$500. So I will give the report as given by the
reporter, a believer in feitilization in confine-
ment, and as published by the publishing com-
mittee :

When discussin|[ the fertilization question,
"Report says,'» W. H. Furman, of Cedar Rap-
ids, Iowa, said he would pay $5(K) to any person
who would come to his apiary and fertilize fifty
queens in confinement, and $100 for each one
he was permitted to see so fertilized. Mr. Waite
and Mr. Mitchell would give him all he wanted
at that price ; and as I repeated the offer the
next day, the report says, as several members
were willing to accept the challenge, no doubt
but a decided test will be had. But they have
failed to come to time, and they never vrill,
any more than Greeley will be President.

The question is often asked, what is the mean-
ing of this fertilization in confinement? It is
as I said before, a humbug. But they claim it
is confining the queen so she cannot fly out, and
select such dtones as you may desire, and con-
fining them in the same place, so as to mate
with the queen, but while so doing they leave
the entrance so the workers can fiy out, but as
many of the young queens are small enough to
go where the workers can, the more small

queens you have 1
there lies all the
where the queen i
entrance that the
does not become
length of time s]
she has a chance i

poorer quality of queens, buy of those who a/^ht^
cate the non-flying fertilization, and you will be
sure to get all the smallest and poorest. Othen
ask, why will they not mate in confinement ? I
think it was so oixlained that the young queen
should mate on the wing, so she would be able
to lead off a svrarm, when she became the
mother bee ; otherwise, any of the imperfect
queens would become mated in the hive, and
would not be able to lead off the swarm ; and
there are a great many such. And again, thej
would be likely to breed in and in too much,
and they would become very inferior to what
they now are. W. H. Fdrmak.

Uedar Eapids, Iowa.

N. A. Bee-keepers' Assooiation.

The next session of this Society will be held in In-
diaQapolis, December 4tb, 5th, and 0th next.
bailrojlD anu hotel ahbangbmbhts.

The foUowlDg roads will retnm members of the
ABsociatioD free, some by roand trip tickets, some on
the Secretary's certificate that fall fare has been paid
Icoming :

Indianapolis, Bloomington and Western Railway.
Rans from Peoria to Indianapolis. On Secretary's

Ft. Wavne, Mnncy and Cincinnati R. R. Runs
from Ft. Wayne to Connersvllle. Bound trip t ickets
win be sold at all stations.

Cincinnati and Indianapolis Junction R. R. Rons
from Cincinnati to Indianapolis. Bound trip tickets
will be sold at all stations.

Indianapolis, Cincinnati and Lafayette R. R. Runs
fh}m Cincinnati to Lafayette. Roand trip tickets
can be had at Cincinnati, Lawrencebarg, Oreens-
bargh, Shelbyviile, Thorntown, Colfax, Lafayette,
Lebanon and ZionsvlUe.

The following railroads will retam members at
one-flflh fare:

Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis
R. R. Runs from Cleveland to Indianapolis - also
from Colambus to Indianapolis. Betnrn tickets will
be sold to members at the office in Indianapolis, at
one-fifth fare, on presentation of the Secretary's cer-

Bt. Lonls, Vandalla, Terre Haute and Indianapolis
B. B. Buns from St. Loais to Indianapolis. Betums
members at one-flfih fare, on presentation of Sec-
retary's certificate that full fare has been paid one
way. The-se certificates most be presented to W. Og-
den. Esq., at the office of the Gen. Saperintendent at

The following hotels will keep members at reduced
rates :

Porter House— W. H. Porter, Proprietor ; 8. E.
comer of Illinois and Maryland streets. Board $L50
per day. To members $1.00.

Bevere House — N. D. Eeneaster, proprietor; N.
Illinois street, opposite Bates Hoase. Board ^.00
per day. To members $1.50.

Palmer House— Jeff. K. Scott & Co., proprietors ;
8. £. comer Washington and IlliaoiS' streets. Board
$3.50 per day. To members $3.00.

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the cheapest. Please give name, P. O. and
Co. plainly written to avoid mistakes.
Bend stamp for terms, etc.

Address, R. R. MURPHY,

Fulton, Whiteside Co., His.
May, 1872— 6mo.


A pure, tested Italian queen, vrarranted, with
guarantee of safe arrival, $5 each. |

A pure Italian queen, sent as soon as fertile,
without ^arantee, $1.50 each ; three for $4 ;
four for $5.

They are more prolific, live longw, and their
workers live longer, are more industrious, and in
same season and locality will lay up more sur-
plus honey than workers of artificial queens.

Extract from a letter, dated April 4th, 1871 :

While I dificr entirely from you on this point—
Natural v. Artificial Queens— I still think your plan
good one for getting choice queens.

L. L. Lanqstsoth.

The cash must accompany every order. Send
early to secure, as I shall raise only a limited
number this season.


Feb., 1872— 6mos- Buffalo Grove, Iowa.


All persons using the Triangular Comb Guide, or
** bevelled edge," in Langstroth hives, are cautioned
agaiust paying K. P. Kidder, or Agents, for such use.
At our request, he has sued us, aud we believe the
Courts will soon decide that the said Guide is
PUBLIC FROP£RTY,aQd that we are notinfringing
his rights in the Clark Patent.


Oxford, Ohio.

Chicago, April 20th, 1871. Kenosha, Wisconsin


A few pair of pure Chester pigs from 4 to 8
weeks old, at $15.00 a pair, one half former
prices. Address,


May, 1872— tf. Cedar Rapids, Iowa.







bi/2.eB lur 9«.uu. i aiso maKe nives oi ainerent
styles without porticos or bottoms ; I also make
to order cheap boxes, five and six dollars per
hundred. Order early.

Whitney's Point,
Dec. 8 mos. Broome Co., N. Y.


The Maine Farmer is an agricultural and
family paper. Contains the best agricultural
articles and select reading for the family circle.
Send for specimens. Address,

Augusta, Me.


Terms op Subscription.— Single copy one
year, $2 ; for a club of four, $8 ; and an extra
copy will be sent to an agent six months ; and
for a club of eight, $16 ; and an extra copy free
one year. For each additional subscriber for
one year at |2, the agent may retain twenty-five
cents for his trouble. SubscripUons may begin
at any time, and will be taken %r three or six
months, at the rate of $2 per year. Sample
copies sent free. Back numbers furnished to
those desiring them.


Cleveland, Ohio.


Published weekly, at St. Louis, Mo., by Nob-
man J. CoLMAN. Our new prospectus for the
coming year is issued. We want clubs, large
clubs, and will give useful premiums for them.

417 Pine st., St. Louis, Mo.


Only Agricultural paper in Indiana.
Subscription Tebms. — $1.50 each for less
than five copies ; five copies, $1.25 each. Agents
wanted everywhere. Send for our Liberal Pr^
miums Littfor 1873, and special terms to Agents.
No. 4 Journal Building,
Indianapolis, Ind.


The only Agricultural paper published in
Michigan. Terms, $2 per annum.

42 Lamed street west,
Detroit, jEdich.

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(Judging from the many flattering testimonials
we have received from our patrons) is still
taking the lead among the most prominent bee-
keepers of the country. Havinpr permanently
located at Bloomington, our facilities for ship-
ping to all parts of the country are much better
than formerly. Orders are already coming in
larger than ever, and those who wish to secure
a Machine for the coming season would do well
to send early, as we may not be able to supply
the demand. Send for our new Circular for 1^72,
and see what beekeepers say of our Machine.

Price of single^achine and two Knives, $15 00

Single Knife, by Express, 1 00

" " *« Mail, prepaid, 1 25

Address, J. L. PEABODY & CO.,

Bloomington, m.

N. B. We have agencies in different parts of
the country, and those ordering from a distance
can have their Machines sent from the nearest


iiNl %%%%.

I expect to rear, for sale, this season, a limi-
ted number of

Olioioe Italian Queenei,

bred when desired by purchasers, exclusively
from imported queens, and fertilized if possible
by drones from imported mothers.

The price of such queens, when fully tested,
by examining their hatching brood in large
nuclei or full stocks, will be ten dollars. If sent
before they are tested, five dollars.

For further particulars, send for circular.


Feb. 1872— tf Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio.



1. I

a suflE
for at

May, , „ , , „

July, 8 francs ; during August, 7 francs ; during
September, & francs, and during October, 5

2. Queens will be sent only in parcels of four,
six, eight, twelve, or twenty-four.

8. All queens sent, to go at the risk of the
party ordering them. Gooid and careful packing

4. The cash must accompany every order, or
it will not be noticed. Addi-ess,

Professor at the Gymnasium Cantonal
in Bellinzona, Canton of Tessin, Switzerland.
Jan'y, 1872-tf


Send for our circular of Queens, Full Colonies
of Bees, Hives, Bee Books, Bee Veils, Queen,
Cages, &c., &c.

We furnish Hives of all the leading improved
varieties, with or without bees.

Pure and Prolific Queens at reasonable rates.
Circulars free. Address,

Brentwood, Williamson Co.,

Feb., 1872— tf. Tenn.

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Online LibraryJonas CohnAmerican bee journal → online text (page 54 of 54)