Copyright
Jonathan Swift.

Gulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world online

. (page 1 of 23)
Online LibraryJonathan SwiftGulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world → online text (page 1 of 23)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


GULLIVER'S
TRAV ELS

wet % co f oared ' itfustnzticm by
ARTHUR &ACJCHAM



NY PUBL C L BRARY THE BRANCH LIBRARIES

3 3333 08115 2635




7




REFERENCE



CHILD* EN '



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS




GULLIVER RELEASED FROM THE STRINGS
RAISES AND STRETCHES HIMSELF



GULLIVER'S
TRAVELS

INTO SEVERAL REMOTE
NATIONS OF THE WORLD



By JONATHAN SWIFT



ILLUSTRATED BY
ARTHUR RACKHAM



THE TEMPLE PRESS LONDON W.C.2



All rights reserved

Made in Great Britain

at The Temple Press Letchworth

First Published in this Edition 1699

Reprinted 1939



..: .
.-. .






NOTE

THE Publishers make no apology for a new
edition of this " evergreen " book. They feel that
the fine drawings of Mr. ARTHUR RACKHAM are
a sufficient raison d'etre for their reappearance.
Most of the designs appeared as line drawings
in an edition issued in 1899, but tne y were
subsequently worked over, revised, and coloured
by the artist, some entirely new- designs added.



THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT
115th STREET BRANCH 203 WEST 115th STREET



- - .

-



CONTENTS
PART I

A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT
CHAPTER I

PAGE

The Author gives some account of himself and family, his first induce-
ments to travel. He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life, gets
safe on shore in the country of Lilliput, is made a prisoner, and
carried up the country ....... i

CHAPTER II

The Emperor of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, comes to
see the Author in his confinement. The Emperor's person and
habit described. Learned men appointed to teach the Author
their language. He gains favour by his mild disposition. His
pockets are searched, and his sword and pistols taken from
him .......... 12



CHAPTER III

The Author diverts the Emperor and his nobility of both sexes in a
very uncommon manner. The diversions of the Court of Lilliput
described. The Author has his liberty granted him upon certain
conditions ....... 22



CHAPTER IV

Mildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the
Emperor's Palace. A conversation between the Author and a
principal Secretary concerning the affairs of that Empire. The
Author's offer to serve the Emperor in his wars ... 30

vii



viii GULLIVER'S TRAVELS



CHAPTER V

PAGE

The Author, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an invasion.
A high title of honour is conferred upon him. Ambassadors
arrive from the Emperor of Blefuscu. and sue for peace . . 36



CHAPTER VI

Of the inhabitants of Lilliput; their learning, laws, and customs, the
manner of educating their children. The Author's way of living
in that country ......... 42



CHAPTER VII

The Author, being informed of a design to accuse him of high treason,

makes his escape to Blefuscu. His reception there . . 52



CHAPTER VIII

The Author, by a lucky accident, finds means to leave Blefuscu ; and,

after some difficulties, returns safe to his native country . . 60



PART II

A VOYAGE TO BROBDINGNAG
CHAPTER I

A great storm described. The long boat sent to fetch water; the
Author goes with it to discover the country. He is left on shore,
is seized by one of the natives, and carried to a farmer's house.
His reception there, with several accidents that happened. A
description of the inhabitants ...... 67

CHAPTER II

A description of the farmer's daughter. The Author carried to a
market town, and then to the metropolis. The particulars of
his journey ......... 80



CONTENTS ix



CHAPTER III

PAGE

The Author sent for to Court. The Queen buys him of his master the
farmer, and presents him to the King. He disputes with his
Majesty's great scholars. An apartment at Court provided for
the Author. He is in high favour with the Queen. He stands
up for the honour of his own country. His quarrels with the
Queen's dwarf ......... 88



CHAPTER IV

The country described. A proposal for correcting modern maps.
The King's palace, and some account of the metropolis. The
Author's way of travelling. The chief temple described . . 99



CHAPTER V

Several adventures that happened to the Author. The execution of

a criminal. The Author "shows his skill in navigation . .104



CHAPTER VI

Several contrivances of the Author to please the King and Queen.
He shows his skill in music. The King enquires into the state
of Europe, which the Author relates to him. The King's
observations thereon . . . . . . . .113



CHAPTER VII

The Author's love of his country. He makes a proposal of much
advantage to the King, which is rejected. The King's great
ignorance in politics. The learning of that country very im-
perfect and confined. Their laws, and military affairs, and
parties in the state . . . . . . . .122



CHAPTER VIII

The King and Queen make a progress to the frontiers. The Author
attends them. The manner in which he leaves the country very
particularly related. He returns to England . . .129



GULLIVER'S TRAVELS



PART III

A VOYAGE TO LA PUT A, BALNIBARBI, LUGGNAGG,
GLUBBDUBDRIB AND JAPAN

CHAPTER I

PAGE

The Author sets out on his third voyage, is taken by pirates. The
malice of a Dutchman. His arrival at an island. He is received
into Laputa . . . . . . . . .143

CHAPTER II

The humours and dispositions of the Laputians described. An
account of their learning. Of the King, and his Court. The
Author's reception there. The inhabitants subject to fear and
disquietudes. An account of the women .... 149

CHAPTER III

A phenomenon solved by modern philosophy and astronomy. The
Laputians' great improvements in the latter. The King's
method of suppressing insurrections . . . . 157

CHAPTER IV

The Author leaves Laputa, is conveyed to Balnibarbi, arrives at the
metropolis. A description of the metropolis, and the country
adjoining. The Author hospitably received by a great lord.
His conversation with that lord . . . . . .163



CHAPTER V

The Author permitted to see the grand academy of Lagado. The
academy largely described. The arts wherein the professors
employ themselves . . . . . . . .170



CHAPTER VI

A further account of the academy. The Author proposes some im-
provements, which are honourably received . . . 177



CONTENTS xi



CHAPTER VII

PAGK

The Author leaves Lagado, arrives at Maldonada. No ship ready.
He takes a short voyage to Glubbdubdrib. His reception by
the Governor . . . . . . . . .183

CHAPTER VIII

A further account of Glubbdubdrib. Ancient and modern history

corrected . 188



CHAPTER IX

The Author's return to Maldonada. Sails to the kingdom of Lugg-
nagg. The Author confined. He is sent for to Court. The
manner of his admittance. The King's great lenity to his
subjects .......... 194

CHAPTER X

The Luggnaggiana commended. A particular Description of the
Struldbrugs, with many conversations between the Author and
some eminent persons, upon that subject .... 198

CHAPTER XI

The Author leaves Luggnagg, and sails to Japan. From thence he
returns in a Dutch ship to Amsterdam, and from Amsterdam to
England . ......... 207



PART IV

A VOYAGE TO THE COUNTRY OF THE
HOUYHNHNMS

CHAPTER I

The Author sets out as captain of a ship. Ilis men conspire against
him, confine him a long time to his cabin. Set him ashore in an
unknown land. He travels up into the country. The Yahoos,
a strange sort of animal, described. The Author meets two
Houyhnhnms . . . . . . . . .211



xii GULLIVER'S TRAVELS



CHAPTER II

PAGE

The Author conducted by a Houyhnhnm to his house. The house
described. The Author's reception. The food of the Houy-
hnhnms. The Author in distress for want of meat, is at last
relieved. His manner of feeding in this country . . .218



CHAPTER III

The Author studious to learn the language; the Houyhnhnm, his
master, assists in teaching him. The language described.
Several Houyhnhnms of quality come out of curiosity to see
the Author. He gives his master a short account of his voyage . 224



CHAPTER IV

The Houyhnhnm's notion of truth and falsehood. The Author's
discourse disapproved by his master. The Author gives a more
particular account of himself, and the accidents of his voyage 230



CHAPTER V

The Author, at his master's commands, informs him of the state of
England. The causes of war among the princes of Europe.
The Author begins to explain the English constitution . . 236



CHAPTER VI

A continuation of the state of England. The character of a first or

chief minister of state in European Courts . . . .243



CHAPTER VII

The Author's great love of his native country. His master's observa-
tions upon the constitution and administration of England, as
described by the Author, with parallel cases and comparisons.
His master's observations upon human nature . . . 249



CONTENTS xiii



CHAPTER VIII

PACE

The Author relates several particulars of the Yahoos. The great
virtues of the Houyhnhnms. The education and exercise of
their youth. Their general assembly ..... 256



CHAPTER IX

A grand debate at the general assembly of the Houyhnhnms, and
how it was determined. The learning of the Houyhnhnms.
Their buildings. Their manner of burials. The defectiveness
of their language ........ 361



CHAPTER X

The Author's economy, and happy life, among the Houyhnhnms.
His great improvement in virtue, by conversing with them.
Their conversations. The Author has notice given him by his
master, that he must depart from the country. He falls into a
swoon for grief; but submits. He contrives and finishes a
canoe, by the help of a fellow servant, and puts to sea at a
venture .......... 266



CHAPTER XI

The Author's dangerous voyage. He arrives at New Holland,
hoping to settle there. Is wounded with an arrow by one of the
natives. Is seized and carried by force into a Portuguese ship.
The great civilities of the captain. The Author arrives at
England .......... 376

CHAPTER XII

The Author's veracity. His design in publishing this work. His
censure of those travellers who swerve from the truth. The
Author clears himself from any sinister ends in writing. An
objection answered. The method of planting colonies. His
native country commended. The right of the crown to those
countries described by the Author is justified. The difficulty of
conquering them. The Author takes his last leave of the reader;
proposeth his manner of living for the future; gives good advice,
and concludeth . . . . . . . .285



ILLUSTRATIONS

GULLIVER RELEASED FROM THE STRINGS RAISES AND

STRETCHES HIMSELF ..... Frontispiece

THE EMPEROR OF LILLIPUT REVIEWS HIS TROOPS . facing page 26

GULLIVER SEIZES THE ENEMY'S FLEET ... ,, 36

THE LILLIPUTIAN TAILORS MEASURE GULLIVER FOR A

NEW SUIT OF CLOTHES ..... 48

GULLIVER is STRUCK WITH FEAR AT FIRST SIGHT OF

THE BROBDINGNAGIAN REAPERS ... 70

GULLIVER KISSES THE QUEEN OF BROBDINGNAGIA'S

HAND ........ 88

GULLIVER'S COMBAT WITH THE WASPS ... 96

APPLES CAME TUMBLING ABOUT MY EARS . . 104

GULLIVER'S ENCOUNTER WITH THE FROG . . 108

A LAPUTIAN GENTLEMAN TAKING A WALK . . 150

Two OF THOSE SAGES . . . LIKE PEDLARS AMONG us 174

THE STRULDBRUGS 200



PROPERTY OF THE
CITY OF NEW YORK




?v



PART



CHAPTER I

MY father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire; I
was the third of five sons. He sent me to Emanuel
College in Cambridge, at fourteen years old, where I resided
three years, and applied myself close to my studies ; but the
charge of maintaining me (although I had a very scanty
allowance) being too great for a narrow fortune, I was
bound apprentice to Mr. James Bates, an eminent surgeon
in London, with whom I continued four years; and my
father now and then sending me small sums of money, I
laid them out in learning navigation, and other parts of
the mathematics, useful to those who intend to travel, as I
always believed it would be some time or other my fortune
to do. When I left Mr. Bates, I went down to my father;
where, by the assistance of him and my uncle John, and
some other relations, I got forty pounds, and a promise of
thirty pounds a year to maintain me at Ley den: there I



2 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

studied physic two years and seven months, knowing it
would be useful in long voyages.

Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recommended
by my good master Mr. Bates, to be surgeon to the Swallow,
Captain Abraham Pannell, commander; with whom I con-
tinued three years and a half, making a voyage or two into
the Levant, and some other parts. When I came back, I
resolved to settle in London, to which Mr. Bates, my
master, encouraged me, and by him I was recommended to
several patients. I took part of a small house in the Old
Jewry; and being advised to alter my condition, I married
Mrs. Mary Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmund Burton,
hosier, in Newgate Street, with whom I received four
hundred pounds for a portion.

But, my good master Bates dying in two years after,
and I having few friends, my business began to fail; for
my conscience would not suffer me to imitate the bad
practice of too many among my brethren. Having there-
fore consulted with my wife, and some of my acquaintance,
I determined to go again to sea. I was surgeon successively
in two ships, and made several voyages for six years to the
East and West Indies, by which I got some addition to my
fortune. My hours of leisure I spent in reading the best
authors, ancient and modern, being always provided with
a good number of books ; and when I was ashore, in observ-
ing the manners and dispositions of the people, as well as
learning their language, wherein I had a great facility by
the strength of my memory.

The last of these voyages not proving very fortunate, I
grew weary of the sea, and intended to stay at home with
my wife and family. I removed from the Old Jewry to
Fetter Lane, and from thence to Wapping, hoping to get
business among the sailors; but it would not turn to
account. After three years' expectation that things would
mend, I accepted an advantageous offer from Captain
William Pritchard, master of the Antelope, who was making



A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT 3

a voyage to the South Sea. We s?t sail from Bristol, May
4th, 1699, and our voyage at first was very prosperous.

It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the
reader with the particulars of our adventures in those seas:
Let it suffice to inform him, that, in our passage from
thence to the East Indies, we were driven by a violent
storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. By an
observation we found ourselves in the latitude of 30 degrees
2 minutes south. Twelve of our crew were dead by im-
moderate labour, and ill food, the rest were in a very weak
condition. On the fifth of November, which was the be-
ginning of summer in those parts, the weather being very
hazy, the seamen spied a rock, within half a cable's length
of the ship; but the wind was so strong, that we were
driven directly upon it, and immediately split. Six of the
crew, of whom I was one, having let down the boat into the
sea, made a shift to get clear of the ship and the rock. We
rowed, by my computation, about three leagues, till we
were able to work no longer, being already spent with
labour while we were in the ship. We therefore trusted
ourselves to the mercy of the waves, and in about half an
hour the boat was overset by a sudden flurry from the
north. What became of my companions in the boat, as
well as of those who escaped on the rock, or were left in the
vessel, I cannot tell; but conclude they were all lost. For
my own part, I swam as fortune directed me, and was
pushed forward by wind and tide. I often let my legs drop,
and could feel no bottom: but when I was almost gone, and
able to struggle no longer, I found myself within my depth ;
and by this time the storm was much abated. The de-
clivity was so small, that I walked near a mile before I got
to the shore, which I conjectured was about eight o'clock in
the evening. I then advanced forward near half a mile,
but could not discover any sign of houses or inhabitants;
at least I was in so weak a condition that I did not observe
them. I was extremely tired, and with that, and the heat



4 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

of the weather, and about half a pint of brandy that I
drank as I left the ship, I found myself much inclined to
sleep. I lay down on the grass, which was very short and
soft, where I slept sounder than ever I remembered to have
done in my life, and, as I reckoned, about nine hours; for
when I awaked it was just daylight. I attempted to rise,
but was not able to stir: for as I happened to lie on my
back, I found my arms and legs were strongly fastened on
each side to the ground; and my hair, which was long and
thick, tied down in the same manner. I likewise felt
several slender ligatures across my body, from my arm-pits
to my thighs. I could only look upwards, the sun began
to grow hot, and the light offended my eyes. I heard a
confused noise about me, but, in the posture I lay, could
see nothing except the sky. In a little time I felt some-
thing alive moving on my left leg, which advancing gently
forward, over my breast, came almost up to my chin ; when
bending my eyes downward as much as I could, I perceived
it to be a human creature not six inches high, with a bow
and arrow in his hands, and a quiver at his back. In the
meantime, I felt at least forty more of the same kind (as I
conjectured) following the first. I was in the utmost
astonishment, and roared so loud, that they all ran back in a
fright; and some of them, as I was afterwards told, were
hurt with the falls they got by leaping from my sides upon
the ground. However, they soon returned, and one of
them, who ventured so far as to get a full sight of my face,
lifting up his hands and eyes by way of admiration, cried
out in a shrill but distinct voice, Hekinah degul : the others
repeated the same words several times, but I then knew not
what they meant. I lay all this while, as the reader may
believe, in great uneasiness; at length, struggling to get
loose, I had the fortune to break the strings, and wrench
out the pegs that fastened my left arm to the ground; for,
by lifting it up to my face, I discovered the methods they
had taken to bind me, and, at the same time, with a violent



A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT 5

pull, which gave me excessive pain, I a little loosened the
strings that tied down my hair on the left side, so that I
was just able to turn my head about two inches. But the
creatures ran off a second time, before I could seize them;
whereupon there was a great shout in a very shrill accent,
and after it ceased, I heard one of them cry aloud, Tolgo
phonac ; when in an instant I felt above an hundred arrows
discharged on my left hand, which pricked me like so many
needles; and besides, they shot another flight into the air.
as we do bombs in Europe, whereof many I suppose fell on
my body (though I felt them not), and some on my face,
which 1 immediately covered with my left hand. When
this shower of arrows was over, I fell a groaning with griel
and pain, and then striving again to get loose, they dis-
charged another volley larger than the first, and some of
them attempted with spears to stick me in the sides; but,
by good luck, I had on me a buff jerkin, which they could
not pierce. I thought it the most prudent method to lie
still, and my design was to continue so till night, when my
left hand being already loose, I could easily free myself:
and as for the inhabitants, I had reason to believe I might
be a match for the greatest army they could bring against
me, if they were all of the same size with him that I saw.
But fortune disposed otherways of me. When the people
observed I was quiet, they discharged no more arrows:
but, by the noise I heard, I knew their numbers increased;
and about four yards from me, over against my right ear,
I heard a knocking for above an hour, like that of people at
work; when turning my head that way, as well as the pegs
and strings would permit me, I saw a stage erected, about
a foot and half from the ground, capable of holding four of
the inhabitants, with two or three ladders to mount it:
from whence one of them, who seemed to be a person of
quality, made me a long speech, whereof I understood not
one syllable. But I should have mentioned, that before
the principal person began his oration, he cried out three



6 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

times, Langro dehul san (these words and the former were
afterwards repeated and explained to me). Whereupon
immediately about fifty of the inhabitants came and cut
the strings that fastened the left side of my head, which
gave me the liberty of turning it to the right, and of observ-
ing the person and gesture of him that was to speak. He
appeared to be of a middle age, and taller than any of the
other three who attended him, whereof one was a page that
held up his train, and seemed to be somewhat longer than
my middle finger; the other two stood one on each side to
support him. He acted every part of an orator, and I
could observe many periods of threatenings, and others of
promises, pity, and kindness. I answered in a few words,
but in the most submissive manner, lifting up my left hand
and both my eyes to the sun, as calling him for a witness;
and, being almost famished with hunger, having not eaten
a morsel for some hours before I left the ship, I found the
demands of nature so strong upon me, that I could not
forbear shewing my impatience (perhaps against the strict
rules of decency) by putting my finger frequently to my
mouth, to signify that I wanted food. The Hurgo (for so
they call a great lord, as I afterwards learnt) understood
me very well. He descended from the stage, and com-
manded that several ladders should be applied to my sides,
on which above an hundred of the inhabitants mounted,
and walked towards my mouth, laden with baskets full of
meat, which had been provided and sent thither by the
king's orders, upon the first intelligence he received of me.
I observed there was the flesh of several animals, but could
not distinguish them by the taste. There were shoulders,
legs, and loins, shaped like those of mutton, and very well
dressed, but smaller than the wings of a lark. I eat them
by two or three at a mouthful, and took three loaves at a
time, about the bigness of musket bullets. They supplied
me as they could, shewing a thousand marks of wonder
and astonishment at my bulk and appetite. I then made



A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT 7

another sign that I wanted drink. They found by my
eating, that a small quantity would not suffice me, and
being a most ingenious people, they flung up with great
dexterity one of their largest hogsheads, then rolled it
towards my hand, and beat out the top; I drank it off at a
draught, which I might well do, for it did not hold half a
pint, and tasted like a small wine of Burgundy, but much
more delicious. They brought me a second hogshead,
which I drank in the same manner, and made signs for
more; but they had none to give me. When I had per-
formed these wonders, they shouted for joy, and danced
upon my breast, repeating several times as they did at
first, Hekinah degul. They made me a sign that I should
throw down the two hogsheads, but first warning the
people below to stand out of the way, crying aloud, Borach
mivola, and when they saw the vessels in the air, there was
an universal shout of Hekinah degul. I confess, I was often
tempted, while they were passing backwards and forwards
on my body, to seize forty or fifty of the first that came in
my reach, and dash them against the ground. But the
remembrance of what I had felt, which probably might not
be the worst they could do, and the promise of honour I
made them, for so I interpreted my submissive behaviour,
soon drove out these imaginations. Besides, I now con-
sidered myself as bound by the laws of hospitality to a
people who had treated me with so much expense and
magnificence. However, in my thoughts, I could not
sufficiently wonder at the intrepidity of these diminutive
mortals, who durst venture to mount and walk upon my
body, while one of my hands was at liberty, without
trembling at the very sight of so prodigious a creature, as
I must appear to them. After some time, when they
observed that I made no more demands for meat, there
appeared before me a person of high rank from his Imperial
Majesty. His Excellency, having mounted on the small of
my right leg, advanced forwards up to my face, with about



8 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS

a dozen of his retinue. And producing his credentials
under the Signet Royal, which he applied close to my eyes,
spoke about ten minutes, without any signs of anger, but
with a kind of determinate resolution; often pointing


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Online LibraryJonathan SwiftGulliver's travels into several remote nations of the world → online text (page 1 of 23)