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* Probably King George T.

J- This alludes to his book; in which he attempts to prove,
that all things fuppofcd to depend upon a material world, fubfift
only in idea.

i The Duchefs of Monmouth.


it may be fignificant to him. I advifed him to
make a poem upon the Piincefs, before he came
over, defcribing her to the Englifh Ladies ; for
it feems the Princefs doea not diflike that. She
is really a perfon, that, I believe, will give great
content to every body. But Gay was in fuch a
groveling condition as to the affairs of the world,
that his mufe would not floop to vifit him. I
can fay no more of news, than that you will find
the proceedings hitherto have been comparatively
gentle. Adieu.



I THANK you kindly for your's, with the in-
clofed from our friend. I would have obey-
ed your commands as to the hiftory of the white
ftaff; but that there really is no anfwer to it,
more than a thing that rifcs juft out of what is
faid in the hiftory. None wrote on purpofe by
any one, that knows matters of fact, or can con-
tradiit what he fays ; or indeed wrote by concert
of the perfons, that are attacked. And I reckon
any other is not worth your while to read. The
Dragon denies it ; but as I told the governor, it
is neceffary for him to do that in a very folemn
and ilrong manner ; elfe there will be a ripping
O2. an Aver,


anfwer, as you fay. All things go on -at the
ufual rate. I am at an uncertainty itill as to my
little office. I leave them to do juft as they
pleafe. George Fielding and Brigadier Brittain
are grooms of the bed-chamber, which doss not
feera altogether the doing of a certain great man.
The groom of the ftqle is ftill uncertain, lying
betwixt two that you know. I am told, that
the great perfon of all has fpoke more contempti-
bly of the Dragon, than of any body, and in very
hard terms. Has not he managed finely at laft ?
The Princefs gives great content to every body.
I will add no more, being to write on the other
fide to the Dean ; which pray forward.



SIR, Trim, October 30, 1714.

WAS to wait on you the other day, and was
told by your fervant, that you are not to be
feen till towards evening, which, at the diftance
I am at this time of the year, cannot eafily ba
compafTed. My principal bufinefs was to let you
know, that fince my laA return from England,
many perfons have complained to me, that I
futFered a conventicle to be kept in my parifh,
and in a place where there never was any before.
I mentioned this to your nephew Rowley in Du-


blin, when he came to me with this meffage from
you; but I could not, prevail with him to write
to you about it. I have always looked upon you
'as an honeft gentleman, of great charity and
piety in your way , and I hope you will remember
at the fame time, that it becomes you to be a
legal man, and that you will not promote or en-
courage, much lefs give a beginning to, a thing
directly contrary to the law. You know the
DiiTenters in Ireland are fullered to have their
conventicles only by connivance, and that only
in places where they formerly ufed to meet.
Whereas this conventicle of your's, is a new thing,
in a new place, entirely of your own erection,
and perverted to this ill ufe from the defign you
outwardly feemed to have intended it for. Ic
has been the weaknefs of the DiiFenters, to be too
fanguine and aiTumlng upon events in the date,
which appeared to give them the leaft encourage-
ment ; and this, in other turns of affairs, hath
proved very much to their difadvantage. The
moft moderate churchmen may be apt to refent,
when they fee a feel:, without toleration by law,
infulting the eftablifhed religion. Whenever the
Legiflature fhall think fit to give them leave to
build new conventicles, all good churchmen will
fubmit ; but till then, we can hardly fee it with-
out betraying our church. I hope, therefore,
you will not think it hard, if I take thofe
methods, which my duty obliges me, to prevent
this growing evil, as far as it lyes in my power,
O 3 unlefj.

162 D E A N S W I F T's

unlefs you fhall think fit, from your own pru-
dence, or the advice of fome underftanding
friends, to (hut up the doors of that conventicle
for the future. I am, with true friendfhip and
efteem, Sir, your moft obedient humble fervant,



S I R, Nov. 4, 1714,

I HAVE one letter from you to acknowledge,
which I will do very foon. In the mean
time, T fend this, ta acquaint you, that if you
have not already hid your papers in fome pri-
vate place, in the hands of a trufty friend, I fear
they will fall into the hands of our enemies.
Sure, you have already taken care in this matter,
by what the public prints told you of the pro-
ceedings of the great men towards the Earl of
Str.xflbrd and Mr Prior. However, for greater
caution, this is fent you by 1 am, &c.




De Dub/in, en Irelande y
MONSIEUR, Ferviere 25, 1714-15.

JE prens la liberte de vous prefenter le porteur
of cellecy, Monfieur Howard, gentilhomme
favant et de condition de ce pais cy ; qui pretend
de faire le tour d' Italic ; et qui etant chanoine
en mon doyenne et profefleur de college icy, vent
en voyageant parmi les catholique s' opiniatrer le
plus dans fon herefie. Et apres tout, Monfieur,
il n'eft que jufte, que puifque vous avez clerobe
notre franchife Angloife pour 1'ajouter a votre
politeiTe Italienne, que quelques uns de nous
autres tramontanes devoient en voyageant chez
vous a faire de reprifailles. Vous me ibufFrfez
auffi de vous prier de preicntei- mes tres humble
devoirs a Ton altefle royale le Grand Due.

Pour mon particulier, I r on{ieur, je prens la
liberte de vous dii*e, que deux mois devant la
mort de la reine, voyant, qu'il etoit tout a fait
impoffible de r' accommoder mes amis du mini-
itere, je me retire a la campagne en Berkfhire,
d'ou apres ce trifle evenement j,e venois en Ire-
lande, ou je demure rai en mon doyenne, et at-
tens avec la refignation d'un bon Chretien Li
ruine de nitre caufe- et de mes amis, mauagcc


* Monfieur Giralui was fecrctaiy lo Uie Duke ot Tufcany.

idLf D E A N S W I FT's

tous les jours par la faftion dominante. Car ces
Meffieurs Ton tout a fait refolu de trancher tme
demi-douzaine des tetes des milleurs d'Angleterre,
et que vous avez fort bien connus ct eftimes.
Diu fait quel.en fera 1'evenement. Pour moyj'ai
quitte pour jamais la politique, et avec la permif-
fion des bon gens, qui font maintenant en vogue,
je demeureray la refte de ma vie" en mon hermi-
tage pour fonger a mon falut.

Adieu, Monfieur, et me faites la juftice de
croire, que je fuis avec beaucoup de refpectj
Monfieurs,' votre, &c.



Dublin, June 2$ y 1 J*$-

MY Lord Bifliop of Clogher * gave me
your kind letter, full of reproaches for
my not writing. *I am naturally no very exaft
correfpondent ; and when I leave axountry with-
out probability of returning, I think as feldom
as I can of what I loved or efteemed in it, to a-
void the defiderium which of all things makes
life moft uneafy. But you muft give me leave
to add one thing ; that you talk at your eafe,


Dr St George Afhe, formerly a Fellow of Trinity College,
Dublin, (to whom the Dean was a pupil), afterwaids Bifhop of.
Clobber, and tranflated to the fee of Derry in 1716-17.


being wholly unconcerned in public events : For
if your friends the Whigs continue, you may
hope for fonie favour ; if the Tories return, you
are at Icaft fure of quic-t. You know how well
I 1 v I Oxford and Bolingbroke, and

bo r " lear the Duke of Ormond is to me. Do
you in c:u: be eafy, while their enemies

are endeavouring to rake off their headt ? I nunc y
et verfus tecum mecfctare car.jros. Do you imagine
I can be eafy, when I think of the probable con-
fequences of thefe proceedings, perhaps upon
the very peace of the nation, but certainly of the
minds of fo many hundred thoufand good fub-
je<fts ? Upon the whole, you may truly attribute
my filence to the eclipfe, but it was that eclipfe
which happened on the firft of Auguft.

I borrowed your Homer from the bifhop,
(mine is not yet landed), and read it out. in two
evenings. If it pleafeth others as well as me,
you have got your end in profit and reputation.
Yet I am angry at fome bad ryhmes and triplets;
and pray, in your next, do nt let me have fo
many unjuRifiable ryhmes to ivar and gsds. I
tell you all the faults I know ; only in one or
two places, you are a little obfcure ; but I ex-
pected you to be fo in one or t\vo-and-twenty.
1 have heard no foul talk 'of it here, for indeed
it is not come over ; nor do we very much a-
bound in judges, at leaft I have not the honour
to be acquainted with them. Your notes are
perfectly good, and fo are your preface and effay.



You were pretty bold in mentioning Lord Bo-
lingbroke in that preface. I faw the Key to the
Lock but yefterday : I think you have changed it
a good deal, to adapt it to the prefent times. f

God be thanked, I have yet no parliamentary
bufinefs ; and if they have none with me, I (hall
never feek their acquaintance. I have not been
very fond of them for fome years paft, not when
I thought them tolerably good ; and therefore,
if I can get leave to abknt, I fhall be much in-
clined to be on that fide, when there is a parlia-
ment on this. But truly I muft be a little .eafy
in my mind before I can think of Scriblerus.

You are to underftand, that I live in the cor-
ner of a vaft unfurnifhed houfe. My family
confifts of a fteward, a groom, a helper in the
flable, a footman, and an old maid, who are all
at board-wages ; and when I do not dine abroad,
or make an entertainment, (which laft is very
rare), I eat a mutton-pye, and drink half a pint
of wine. My amufements are, defending my
fmall dominions againft the Archbifhop, and en-
deavouring to reduce my rebellious choir. Per-
ditur h&c Inter m'ifero lux. I defire you will pre-
fent my humble fervice to Mr Addifon, Mr Con-


f Put thefe two laft obfervations together, and it will appear,
that Mr Pope was neither wanting to his frknds for fear of
party, nor would infult a miniftry to humr.ur his friends. He
faid of himfelf, and I believe he faid truly," " That he never
wrote a line, to gratify the animofity of any one party at the
expence of another. Wart*


greve, and Mr Rowe, and Gay. I am, and

will be always, extremely,

Your's, &c.



MY LORD, Dublin, July 19, 1715.

IT may look like an idle or officious thing in
me, to give your Lordfhip any interruption
under your prefent circumftances : Yet I could
never forgive myfelf, if, after being treated for
feveral years with the greateft kindnefs and dif-
tin&ion, by a psrfon of your Lordfhip's virtue,
I iliould omit making you, at this time, the
humbleft offers of my poor fervice and attend-
ance. It is the firft time I ever foliated you in my
own behalf ; and if I am refufed, it will be the
firft requeft you ever refufed me. I do not think
myfelf obliged to regulate my opinions by the
proceedings of a Houfe of Lords or Commons ;
and therefore, however they may acquit them-
felves in" your Lordfhip's cafe, I fhall take the
liberty of thinking, and calling your Lordfhip
the ableft and faithfuleft minifter, and trueft
lover of your country, that this age hath pro-
duced. And I have already taken care, that
you fhall be fo reprefented to pofterity, in fpUe
of all the rage and malice of your enemies. And



this I know will not be wholly indifferent to
your Lordlhip ; who, next to a good confidence,
always efteemed reputation your beft poiTeffidn.
Your intrepid behaviour, under this profecution,
aftonifheth every one but me, who, know you
fo well, and how little it is in the power of hu-
man actions or events to difcompofe you. I
have feen your Lordfhip labouring under greater
difficulties, and expofed to greater dangers, and
overcoming both by the providence of God,-
and your own wifdom and courage. Your life
has been already attempted by private malice ; it
is now purfued by public , refentment. Nothing
elfc remained. You were deftined ro both trials ;
and the fame power which delivered you out
of the paws of the lion and the bear, will, I
truft, deliver you out of the hands of the un-

I can write no more. You fuffer for a good
caufe, for having preferved your country, and
for having been the great ihftrument, under
God, of his prefent Majefty's peaceable acceffion
to the throne. This I know, and this your
enemies know, and this I will take care that all
the world Jh:ill know, and future ages be, con-
vinced of. God Almighty protect you, and con-
tinue t'o you that fortitude and magnanimity he
hath endowed you with. Farewell. J. S.

i LET-



I RECEIVED your very Heraclitian letter. I
am kinder than you. T defire to hear your
complaints, and will always* fhare them, when I
cannot remove them. I fhould have the fame
concern for things as you, were I not convinced,
that a comet will make much more Orange revo-
lutions upon the face of our globe, than all the
petty changes that can be occafioned by govern-
ments and miniftries. And you will allow it to be
a matter of importance, to think of methods to
fave one's felf and family in fuch a terrible (hock,
when this whole earth will turn upon new poles,
and revolve in a new ovbit. I conflder myfelf as
a poor paflenger ; and that the earth is not to be
forfaken, nor the rocks removed from me. But
you are certainly fome firft minuter of a great
monarch, who, for fome misbehaviour, are con-
demned, in this revolution of things, to.govern
a chapter, and a choir of finging-men. I am fure
I fhould think myfelf happy, if I had only fuch.a
province as the latter. Certainly your chapter
is too peaceable, and not like other chapters;
elfe they would give you more occupation. You
fee I begin with philofophy. As to bufinefs, I
this moment faw the Dragon. He had your let-
VOL. XV. P ters ,

I 7 o D E A N S W I F T's

ters, and {hewed them to me fome time ago, and
feems to be mighty fond of the project ; only he
is to be at Wimple, and not in Herefordfhire,
and it is but a ftep further. He is to write to-
night, if you believe, him, to that very purpofe ;
nay, I am to have the letter to inclofe, and 1 in-
tend to keep mine open till eleven. It is ftrange,
that you fliould imagine the Dragon had caft his
extiina: in his den *, or that confinement is a cure
for inactivity ; fo far from it, all thefe habits are
ten times ftronger upon him than ever. Lewis
will furnifli you with a collection of new ftories,
that are as far beyond the old ones, as you can
imagine. Therefore, I fay again, come, and you
will be far from finding any fuch difmal fcenes as
you defcribe. Your own letter will furniih you
with topics to conquer your melancholy. For in
fuch a mutability, what is it, that muft not in
time caft up ? Even the return of that brother -j-
you mention. And as philofophical as I am, I
fhould be very fad, if I did not think that very
probable and feafible. As to your friends, tho*
the world is changed to them, they are not
changed to you ; and you will be careiTed a,s much
as ever, and by fome that bore you no good will
formerly. Do you think there is no pleafure in
hearing the H r club \ declaim upon the cle-

* Ke was fent to the Tower.

t Bolingbroke. . N

% Hanover club, of which Ainbrofe Philips, Efq ; was fccre-



mency and gentlenefs of the late reign, and a thou-
fand ftranger things ? As for the conftitution, it
is in no more danger, than a ftrong man that has
got a little furfcit by drunkennefs. All will be
well, and people recover their fober fenfes every
day. Several of your friends dine with me to-day,
Lady Ma , John Drummond, the Judge, &c.
where you will be remembered. I wifh I could
return youv compliments as to my wife and
bairns. Svire you are a very ill hufband, for you
had the compleat thoufand when you were in.
England, and fixpence of another thoufand given,
by the Dragon. I remember that full well.

L is gone his progrefs. I fhall be at Bath

in a fortnight. Come that way. Adieu.

I really think the perfon I recommended, will
do well ; he will be quite another thing before
Michaelmas, with Roilngrave's * teaching, &c.
He has a good voice.



MR DEAN, Weftminfter, Sept. 20, 1715.

I AM much obliged to Lady Kerry for giving
you an occafion of writing, and fhall always
be pleafed in receiving any coimrunds from you.
P 2 Mr

* See the note on Prior's letter, dated Auguft 16, 1713.
f Robert Friend, D. D. Matter of Wtfcir.inftcWchool.


Mr Fitzmaurice is very promifing, and a favou-
rite of mine already. I had never feen nor heard
from any one,- that was concerned for him, till I
had the favour of your's ; but as I had taken a
particular notice of him on his own account, I
fhall now do it much more upon your's. This will
be brought to you by your kinfman, Mr Rolt. I
am glad I can tell you, that he has behaved him-
felf very well here. He is not of the higheft fort,
but is very fober and induftrious, and will work
out his way, and, I believe, deferve any encou-
ragement you are pleafed to give him. Things
are in an odd pofture with us at prefent ; and
the (late of banilhment you are in, may be en-
dured without much regret : However, I fhall
hope in a little time to fee you here, when more
of your friends are in town.

The bifhop f , and my brother J, are much
your's, and very defirous of a happy meeting
with you. Before this can be with you," you'll
be able to guefs how foon that may happen. And
may it be as foon as is wifhed, by, Sir, your moft
obedient and faithful humble fervant,

R. F II I E N D.

f Dr Francis Atterbury, Bifhop of Rochefter,
$ John Friend, M. D.



S I R, 0,7. 17, 1715,

I WAS extremely pleafed to find you had not
forgot your friends, when it is fo hard for
them to write to you, and, by their concern for
you, put you. in mind of them. But I find no
misfortune can leflen your friendship, which is fo
great, as to blind you on the fide of their faults,
and make you believe you fee virtues in them, it
were happy for them they enjoyed in any degree ;
for I am fure, fome of thofe you named, are m-icli
wanted at his time. I was, as you heard, very
well pleafed, that my friend * was fafe as to his
perfon, but very uneafy at feeing his reputation
fo treated. As to his fortune, it is yet in difpufe.
However, as long as he is well, I aui f.msllcxl. It
is with difficulty I do hear- but now and then ; a
flraggling body brings me an account of hiui ; for
there has been no encouragement to write by the
pofr, all letters mUcarrying, that either he o.r I
have wrote that way, that we have given it over
now, an 1 truii: to a Ibv the. news of each

other. I hope I fhall hear from you oftner than
I have done for fomc months paft : For no friend
P 3 you

* The Duke, who being fufpected of treaforable practices, o^
dcfigns, went abroad.

i 7 4 D E A N S W I F T's

you have, has more refpedt for you, than your
mofl humble fervant,

M. O R M O N D.

Your niece Betty f is your humble fervant.




Received, Dec. 2,

I HOPE this will find you in good health,
and I hope in greater tranquillity of mind,
than when we ufed to lament together at your of-
fice, for the eternal faults of our friends. I have
feen the Dragon thrice fince I wrote to you. He is
without fhadovv of change ; the greateft example
of an unfhakeh tranquillity of mind, that ever I
yet law, feeming perfectly well fatisfied with his
own conduct in every particular. You know we
have often faid, that there is but one Dragon in
ferum natura. I don't know what he thinks, but
I am perfectly wejl fatisfied, that there will not
be that one Dragon left, if fome people have
their will. Haly BalTa, they fay, ftruggles for his
fon-in-law. It is generous and grateful. There

f Her Grace's daughter.


is a prodigious quarrel between him and the Pre-
fident about it *.

I am not yet out, but expert to be foon. Adieu.
I had almoft forgot to tell you of the Preten-
der's declaration, in which there ai~e words to
this purpofe : * That he had no reafon to doubt
* of the good intention of his lifter, which was
( the reafon that he fat quiet in her time ; but
' now wss difappointed by the deplorable accident
4 of her fudden death.'



I SEND you the fcrap of a letter begun to you
by the whole fociety, becaufe I fuppofe you
even value the fragments of your friends. The
honeft gentleman at whofe lodgings we wrote, is
gone for France. I 'really value your judgment
extremely, in chufing your friends. I think wor-
thy Mr Ford is an inftance of it, being an ho-
neft, fcnfible, firm, friendly man, tt quails ab in-
cepttt procejjerat) &c.
Though, by the way, praifmg your judgment

* The Prtfident of the Council, who at that time was Daniel
Eavl of Nottingham,
j- Writtaa on the fame, paper with the laft.

176 D E A N S W I F T's

is a little compliment to -myfelf, which I am apt
to fall into of late, nobody now being at the trou-
ble of doing it for me. 4 The ParneUian, who was
to have carried this letter, feems to have changed
his mind, by fome fudden turn in his affairs ; but
I wifh his hopes may not be the effect of fome
accidental thing working upon his fpirits, rather
than any well-grounded project.

If it be any pleafure to you, I can affure you,
that you are remembered kindly by your friends,
and I believe not altogether forgot by your ene-
mies. I think both is for your reputation. I
am told, that I am to lofe my little preferment.
However, I hope to be able to keep a little ha-
bitation warm in town. I cannot but fay, I think
there is one thing in your circumftance, that
muft make any man happy ; which is, a liberty to
preach. Such a prodigious privilege, that if it
did not border upon Simony, I could really pur-
chafe it for a fum of money. For my part, I
never imagine any man can be uneafy, that has
the opportunity of venting himfelf to a whole
congregation once a-week. And you may pre-
tend what you will, I am furc you think fo too,
or you don't judge right. As for news, I never
enquire about any. Fuimus I'roes, Sec.

My prefent politics, is to give no difturbance
to the prefent folks in the due exercife of their
power, for fear of forcing them to do very ftrarige
things, rather than part with what they love fo-
well. Untoward reports in the country will i


elections dearer, which I am forry for. The
Dragon, I am afraid, will be ft ruck at. Adieu',
in hafte.



Jan. 2O,

I CANNOT fur&r a friend to crofs the Irifh
feas, without bearing a'teftimony from me
of the conflant efteem and affection 1 am both
obliged and inclined to have for you. It is bet-
ter he fhould tell you than 1, how often you are
in our thoughts, and in our cups, and how I
learn to fleep lefs *, and drink more, whenever
you are named among us. I look upon a friend
in Ireland, ns upon a friend in the other world,
whom (Popilhly fpeaking) I believe conftaatly
well difpofed towards me, and ready to do me
all the good he can, in that fhite of feparation,
though I hear nothing from him, and make
addreffes to him but very rarely. A Proteftant
Divine cannot take it airufs, that I treat him in
the fame manner with my patron faint.

I can tell you no news, bur, what you will not
fufficiently wonder at, that I fuller many things
as an author militant j whereof, in your days of


* Alluding to his conftant uftcm of ficeping after dinner.

i 7 3 D E A N S W I FT'*

probation, you have been a fharer, or you had
not arrived to that triumphant ftate you now
defervedly enjoy in the chuvch. As for me, I
have not the leaft hopes of the cardinalet, though

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