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SIR, . Paris, Ocl. 28, [1716.]

IF I was to fee .you again, you would give twice
as much as you offered fix weeks a^o, not to
have feen me. By the fame rule, you might af-
ford fomething not to hear from me ; but the in-
clofed came this morning to me, and I could not
fend it away, without adding a few lines in the
cover. They are not to put you again into the
fpleen, but only to afk, how you do, and how you
employ yourfelf ? Do the great defigns go on at
Laracor f ? or have the rains put a ftop to your
improvements, as well as to my journey ? It will
colt you but a penny, and a few minutes to an-


* The name of a ftreet in Paris,
) The Dean'* living.


fwer thefe queftions ; and, in return, you fhall
know any thing you deilre to know of me in my
travels. I (hall go on as foon as we have five cr
fix days funfhine to dry the roads, and make the
fineft country in the world fupportable. I am.
laughed at here, when I talk of travelling, and
yet of waiting for fair weather ; but to me the
journey is the greateft part of the pleafure. And
whereas my companion is continually wiftiing
himielf at Rome, I wiih Rome was a thoufand
leagues farther, that I might have more way to
pafs in France and Italy.

If you will do me the favour to write to me,
diredt to be left with Mr Cantillon, banker ia



SIR, London, Suffolk-Jircet, Nov. ,22, lyioV
READ your's of the 131!! inftant, with great

fatisfacVion. It is not only an advantage

to you and me, that there fliould be a good cor-
refpondence between us, but alfo to the public ;
and I aflure you, I had much ado to perfuade
people here, that we keep any tolerable meafures '
with one another ; much lefs, that there was
any tiling of a good intelligence : And therefore
you judged right, that it ought not to be faid,
R 3 that

ip8 DEAN S W I F T's

that in fo many months I had not received any
letter from you. .

I do a little admire, that thofe that fhould be
your fafteft friends, fhould be fo oppofite to
acknowledge the fervice you did, in procuring the
twentieth-parts and firft-fnrits. I know no rea-
fon for it, exceptUhe zeal I ihewed, to do you
jnjlice in that particular from the beginning. But
iince I only did it, as obliged to bear teftimony
to the truth, in a matter which I certainly knew,
and would have done the fame for the worft ene-
my I had in the world ; I fee no reafon why
you fhould fuffor, becaufe I, among others, was
your witnefs. But be not concerned : Ingrati-
tude is warranted by modern and ancient cuftom ;
and it is more honour for a man to have it afk-
ed, why he had not a fuitable return to his me-
rits, than why he : was overpaid ? Benefacere- t et
male audire, is the lot of the beft men. If ca~
lumny or ingratitude could have put me out of
my way, Goi3 knows where I fhould have wan-
dered by this time.

I am glad the bufinefs of St Nicholas * is over
any way. My inclination was Mr Wall, that I
might have joined the vicarage of Caftle-nock to
the prebend of Malahidart; which would have
made a good provifion for one man, ferved
the cures better, and yielded more then to the


* The Dean and Chapter of St Patrick's are the appropriates
of tJiat church, and hare the right of bellowing the cure on
\vhcm they pleafe.


incumbent, than it can do now, when Indiffe-
rent hands. But I could not compafs it, without
ufing more power over my clergy, than I am will-
ing to exert. But as I am thankful to you for
your condefcention in that affair j fo I will ex-
peel:, that thole with whom you have complied,
fhould Ihew their fenfe of it, by a mutual return
of the like compliance, when there {hall be occa-
flon. Such reciprocal kind offices, are the ground
of mutual confidence and friendship, and the
fewel that keeps them alive : And I think, no-
thing can contribute more to our common eafe,
and the public good, than maintaining thefe be-
tween you and me, and with the clergy.

We have a flrong report, that my Lord Bo-
lingbroke will return here, and. be pardoned ;
certainly it muft not be for nothing. I hope he
can tell no ill ftory of you,

I add only my prayers for you I and am, Sir,
your moft humble fervant, and brother,

W I L L. D U B L I N.



MY LORD, Trim> Dec. 16, 1716.

I Should be ferry to fee my Lord Bolingbroke
following the trade of an informer ; becaule
he is a perfon for whom I always had, and fl ill


200 D E A N S W I F T'r

continue, a very great love and efteem. For I
think, as the reft of mankind do, that informers
are a deteftable race of people, although they
may be fometimes neceiTary. Befides, I do not
fee whom his Lord (hip can inform againft, ex-
cept himfelf. He was three or four days at the
Court of France, while he was fecretary; and it is
barely poffible, he might then have entered into
fome deep negotiation with the Pretender: Altho*
I would not believe him, if he fhould fwear it;
becaufe he protefted to me, that he never (aw
him but once, and that was at a great diftance,
in public, at~an opera. As to any others of
the miniftry at that time, I am confident he
cannot accuie them ; and that they will appear
as innocent with relation to the Pretender, as any
who are now at the helm. And as to myfelf,
if I were of any importance, I fliould be very
eafy under fitch an accufation ; much eafier, than
I am to think your Grace imagineth me in any
danger, or that Lord Bolingbroke fhould have
any ill ftory to tell of me. He knoweth, and
loveth, and thinketh too well of me, to be capa-
ble of fuch an action. But I am furprifed to
think your Grace could talk, or aft, or corre-
fpond with me for fome years paft, while you
muft needs believe me a moft falfe and vile man ;
declaring to you, on all occafions, my abhorrence of
the Pretender^ and yet privately engaged with a
miniftry to bring him in ; and therefore warn-
ing me to look to myfelf, and prepare my de-


fence againft a falfe BROTHER, coming over to
difcover fuck fecrets as would hang me. Had .
there been ever the leaft overture or intent of
bringing in the Pretender, during my acquaintance
with the miniftry, I think I muft have been very
ftupid, not to have picked out fome difcoveries
or fufpicions. And although I am not fure I
fhould have turned informer, yet I am certain
I thould have dropt fome general cautions, and
immediately have retired. When people fay,
things were not ripe at the Queen's death ; they
fay, they know not what. Things were rotten :
And had the minifters any fuch thoughts, they
fhould have begun three years before ; and they,
who fay otherwise, underftood nothing of the
ftate of the kingdom at that time.

But whether I am miftnken or no in other
men, I beg your Grace to believe, that I am not
miftaken in myfelf. I always profefTed to be
(ia:njl the Pretender ; and am fo JJill. And this
is not to make my court, (which I know is
vain) ; for I own myfelf full of doubts, fears,
and diflatisfaclions, which I think on as feldom.
as I can : Yet, if I were of any value, the public
may fafely rely on my loyally ; becaufe I look upon
the coming of the Pretender as a greater evil, than
any we are like to fufrer under the word Whig
miniftry that can be found.

I have not fpoke or thought fo much of party
thefe two years ; nor could any thing have
tempted me to it, but the grief I have in ftand-


2*2 DEAN SWIFT r s

ing fo ill in your Grace's opinion. I beg your
Grace's bleffing ;

And am, &c.




SIR, London , Jan. 12, 1716-17.

ABOUT two months ago, I fent you a very
long epiftle, and was in hopes you would
either have made us a vifit, or have let us heard
from you. Since you have done neither, we
muft flatter our/elves, .that you will be better the
new year than the former.

Our friend Prior, not having had the viciffi-
tude of human things before his eyes, is likely
to end his days in as forlorn a ft ate as any other
poet has done before him, if his friends do not
take more care of him than he did of himfclf.
Therefore, to prevent the evil, which we fee is
coming on very faft, we have a project of print-
ing his So/omon, and other poetical works, by
fubfcription ; one guinea to be paid in hand, and
the other at the delivery of the book. He,
Arbuthnott, Pope, and Gay, are now with me,
and remember you. It is our joint requeft,
that you will endeavour to procure fome fub-
fcriptions : You will give your receipts for the



money you receive ; and when you return it
hither, you fhall have others in lieu. There
are no papers printed here, nor any advertife-
ments to be publifhed ; for the whole matter is
to be managed by friends, in fuch a manner as
fhall be leall fhocking to the dignity of a pleni-

I am told the Archbifhop of Dublin fhews a
letter of your's, reflecting on the high-flying
clergy. I fancy you have writ to him in an
ironical ftile, and that he would have it other-
wife underftood. This will bring to your mind,
what I have formerly faid to you on that figure.
Pray condefcend to explain this matter to me.
The removal of my Lord Townfhend has given
a little fpirit ; but that will foon flag, if the King,
at his return, does not make farther changes.
What meafures his Majefty will take, is uncer-
tain ; but this we are very fure of, that the
divifion of the Whigs is fo great, that, morally
fpeaking, nothing but another rebellion can ever
unite them. Sunderland, Stanhope, and *. ?do-
gon, are of one fide ; Townfhend, Walpole, Ox-
ford, Devonlhire, and the Chancellor *, of the"
other. The latter feem at prefent to be ftrong-
eft ; but when the former appear with a German
reinforcement, they will undoubtedly turn the
balance. They are both making their court to
the Tories, who, I hope, will be a body by
themfelves, and not ferve as recruits to either


* William Earl Cowpcr.

204 D E A N S W I F T's

of the other two. Lord Townfhend's friends
give out, that his difgrace is owing to refilling
.four things ; viz. To keep up the army ; repeal
the limitations of the Succeffion Act; to fend
money to Germany for carrying on a war againft
Sweden-, and to attaint Lord Oxford. When
Lord Sunderland f comes over, he will probably
cry whore again, and endeavour to faddle Lord
Townfhend in his turn. For thefe reproaches
now, are like that of Jacobhifm in former reigns.
We are told, that Lord Bolingbroke has per-
miflion to flay in France, notwithstanding the
late treaty, provided he retires from Paris. I
am, &c.



SIR, s London, June 15, 1717.

LAST night I received your's of the 5th
"inftant ; and fince you tell me I am your
only correfpondent, I think I ought to be more
punclual in my returns, and the more full in
what relates to our friends here. You'll fee by
the public prints, that Monday next come fe'n-
night, is appointed for the trial of my Lord Ox-
i ford,

f By vvhofe intrigues the Lord Vifcount Townfhend had
been removed from the poft of Secretary of State, which was
given to James Stanhope, afterwards Earl Stanhope.


ford, and that no lefs than fix-and-twenty u^u^li-
ty members are appointed to manage it. The
Lords have likewife fettled the whole forms of-
the proceedings. My Lord has afked, that two
lawyers more might be added to his council : Yet
is all this but a farce ; for there is not a creature
living, v/ho thinks he will ever be tried ; for they
publicly own, that- they neither have, nor ever
had, .my evidence ; and laugh at impeachments,
and attainders, ?nd party-gambols , and fay, that
all : >eopie deferve to be fo puniilied, who pre-
fume to difpoiTefs the Whigs of their indefeafible
right to the adminiftr::iion. But fince he is not
to be trie i, the next queftion is, In what manner
is he to be brought off, fo as to fave the honour
of hi* profecutors ? I think it will be by an act of
gi ace. Others fay, it will be by the Commons
afking more t';me, and the Lords of their parvy
agreeing to refufe it. But as we are wholly igno-
rant of taeir intentions, it is poffible neither of
thcfe guefles may be, right, and that thiy may
keep him yet another year in prifon ; which my
Lord Maryborough feems pafiionately to defire.

We labour here, under all the difaclvar
the world, in every refpecl ; for the tide of party
runs illli very ilrong every where, but in no
place more than in Weftininfter-Lall. Thofe
on this llde, whofe honour and intereft both re-
quire, that all people, who pay obedience, ihould
be protedkd,. feem to want a capacity to govern j
and the iimiiiiude of circumstances between the

*, and the regent, render tLe latter .1 firm

VOL. XV. S ally,

* King fliouid probably fill the blank.

2 o6 DEAN S W I F T's

ally, contrary to the natural intereft of France.
Thus we are fecure from any foreign enemy.

I agree with you, that Snape's letter f is really
but a letter, and that it is much too fhort and too
flight for fuch a fubjedt. However, his merit
was great, in being the firft to give the alarm to
his brethren, and fetting himfelf in the front of
the battle againft his adverfaries. In tliofe re-
fpedts, his letter had its full effect.

I deiire you will be as quick as you can in the
affiftance you intend Prior ; for thofe who fub-
fcribed here, are impatient to have their books ;
and we cannot keep it off much longer, without
paffing for common cheats. Dr Arbuthnott, and
Mr Charleton, and I, remember you often. Lady
Mafham always aiks for you very affectionately.
By the way I am perfectly reftored to gr,ace there,
and am invited to their houfe in the country. As
foon as Lord Oxford's affair is over, I intend to
go amongft my friends in the country, not to re-
turn hither till about Michaelmas. But if you'll
direct jto me at my houfe in town, your letters
will be conveyed to me, wherever I am. Mr
Rochfort $ feems to have a great many good qua-
lities, and I am heartily gladlie has. met with fuc-
cefs. Adieu.


f To the Bilhop of Bangor, Dr Hoadly, occafioncd by his
Lordfhip's Sermon preached before the King, on March 31, i;if,
concerning the Nature of the Kingdom and Church of Chrifh

| The Dean was intimate with a family of this tlame in Ire-
land; and among his works, is a Poem, called, The Country Life,
written while he was fpending part of a Summer at the houfe of
tieo. E-ochfort, Efq; fon of the Lord Chief Baron of that name.



SIR, London, Ju/ie 18, 1717.

HAVING acquainted you, in my letter of
laft poft, that it was the universal opinion
the Commons would not proceed to the trial or
my Lord Oxford, I think myfelf obliged to tell
you, that we begin now to be fomething doubtful ;
for-the managers, who are twenty-feven in num-
ber, ftrenuoufly give out, that they mall be rea-
dy to proceed on Monday next. Therefore, if
you have any thoughts of coming ovei', let not
any thing which I have faid in my laft, have any
weight with you to alter that refolution. I am
wholly taken up with the men of the law, and
therefore have nothing to fay to you at prefent
upon any public matters. I mall only juft trouble
you with one word, relating to a private anair.
My brother is chaplain to Sir Charles Hotham's
regiment, which is now ordered to Ireland. If.
you could find any young fellow, who would buy
that commiffion, my brother thinks his patron,
my Lord Carlifle, will eafily prevail with my Lord
Duke of Bolton, for leave to difpofe of it. I
fhould be very glad you could find him a chap-


2o8 D E A N S W I F T's



S I R, London, July 2, 1717.

IH A V E the pleafure to inform you, that
Lord Oxford's impeachment was difcharged
laft night, by the unanimous confent of all the
Lords prefent ; and, as nearly as' I could count,
their number was one hundred and fix, the Duke
of r.larlborough, my Lord Cadogan, Lord Con-
ningfby, and a few others of the moft violent,
having withdrawn themfelves before the Lords
came into Weftmiafter-hall. The acclamations
were as great as upon any occafion ; and our
friend, who fccms more formed for adveriity
tlian profperity, has at prefent many more friends,
than ever he had before, in any part of his life.
I believe he will not have the fewer, from a mef-

fage he received this morning from the K ,

by my Lord Chamberlain, to forbid him the
Court. You know the profecution was at firft
the refentment of a party ; but it became at laft a
ridiculous bufinefs, weakly carried on by the im-
potent rage of a woman ; I mean of my Lady
MarlbbrottgHj who is alinoft cliftracted that fhc
could not obtain her revenge.

I am now going out of town, with an intention
to roll about from place to place, till about Mi-
chaelmas next. Direct to me hither as ufual, and



your letter will -be conveyed to me wherever I

Dr Arbuthnott, Mr Charleton, and Mr Cur-
rey, have dined with me to-day, and you have
not been forgot. I was in hopes we fhould have
feen you ere this. The Doctor fays, you wait for
the act of grace. If fo, I hope to fee you by next
Winter. I am, &c.



DEAR SIR,. 1VeJlm'inj1er y July 30, 17

I HAVE the favour of four letters from you,,
of the ninth, thirteenth, lixteenth, and twen-
tieth inftant. They all came fafe to me, however
varioufly directed. I find myfelf equally comfort-
ed by your philofophy, and abided by -your
friendship. You will eafily imagine, that I have
an hundred things to fay to you, which for as
many rcafons I omit, and only touch upon that,
bufinefsj to which, in the pride of your heart,
you give the epithei forry. I return you the
names of thofe who were kind enough to fub-
fcribe *, that you may fee if they are rightly fpelt,
as likewife the right titles put to them, &c. I am
fenfible this has given you too much trouble, but
S 3 it

* Subfcriptions for Mr Prior's Poems procured by the Dean.
The fubfcription wus two guineas.

210 D E A N S W I F T's

it is too late now to make an apology. Let Mr
Lewis, who is now with me, do it for me, at
what time, and in what manner he pleafcs. I
take it for granted, that whatever I write, as what-
ever is writ to me, will be broke open ; fo you'll
expect nothing from me, but what you may have
as particularly from the Poft-boy. We are all
pretty well in health. I have my old whorefon
cough, and I think I may call it mine for life.
The Earl * \sfemper idem. Lord Harley is in the
country. Our brotherhood extremely difperfed ;
but fo as that we have been three or four times
able to get as many of the fociety together, and
drink to our abfent friends. I have been made
to believe, that we may fee your reverend perfon
this Summer in England : If fb, I fhall be glad to
meet you at any place ; but, when you come to
London, do not go to the Cocoa-Tree, (as you
font your letter) but come immediately to Duke-
Street, where you fhall find a bed, a book, and
a candle : So pray think of fojourning no where
clfe. Pray give my fervice to all friends in gent-
raj. I think, as you have ordered the matter,
you have made the greater part of Ireland lift
themfelves under that number. I do not know
how you can recompenfe them, but by coming
over to help me to correct the book, which I
promife them.

You will pardon my having ufcd another hand,
fince it is fo much better than my own ; and, be-
lieve me ever, with great eft truth, dear Sir, your's,

M. P R I O U.

Of Oxford.




Augujl 6, 1717.

O years retreat has made me tafte the
1 converfadon of my deareft friend, with a
greater relifh, than ever at the time of my being
charmed with it in our frequent journies to Wind-
for. Three of your letters have come fafe to my
hands. The firft about two years fince: That my
fon keeps as a family monument. The other two
arrived fince the firft of July. My heart is often
with you ; but I delayed writing, in expectation
of giving a perfe<5t anfwer about my going to
Brampton : But the truth is, the warmth of re-
joicing in thofe parts, is fo far from abating, that
I am perfuaded by my friends, to go into Cam-
bridgefhire, where you are too juft not to believe
you will be welcome before any one in the world.
The longing your friends have to fee you, muft
be fubmitted to the judgment yourfelf makes
of all circumftances. At prefent, this feems to be
a cooler climate, than your iflaad is like to be,
when they aflemble, c. Our impatience to fee
you, fhoaU not draw you into uneafincfs. We
long to embrace you, if you find it may be of no
inconvenience to yourfelf.



212 D E A N S W I F T's



Heathropy in Oxfonl/JSire, Aug. 24. 1717.

YOUR's, my gobd friend, of the fixth, finds
me in Oxfordshire with the Duke 'of
Shrewsbury, which would fooner have been ac-
knowledged, had it ftayed in London., Before I
left that pious city, I made due enquiries into the
methods and regularity of your correfpondence
with the Earl *. He has received your letters ;
he will anfwer them, but not to-day,^-/// olim. No-
thing can change him. I can get no pofitive an-
fwer from him, nor can any man elfe ; fo trouble
yourfelf no more on that head than he does. He
is ftill in London, and poflibly has anfwered you ;
while I .am a little' arraigning his neglect, but in
all cafes liberavi animam meam.

I wih you were in England, that you might a
little look over the ftrange ftuff that I am to give
our friends for their money. I fhall be angry,
if you are near, and not "with me -, but when I
fee you, that weighty queftion may eafily be de-
cided. In the mean time, I am taking your
good counfel, and will be in the country as much
as I can.

You have found two miftakes in the lift, but
have not corrected them. I prefume we fliall

* Of Oxford.


have it of the bed edition, when you fend the
lift hack again ; of which, I fay, no hafte is re-

Give my fervice and thanks to all friends ; re-
ferve only to yourfclf, the afiurance of my being,
beyond exprefiion, my friend, your's,




DEAR SIR, . March 20, 1717-18.

MULTIPLICITY of bufmefs, and a long
dangerous fit of ficknefs, prevented me
from anfwering the obliging letter you honoured
me with fome time fince : But, God be thanked !
I cannot make ufe of either of thefe excufes at
prefent, being entirely free, both of my office *,
and my afthma. I dare not, however, venture
mjfvlf abroad -yet, but have tent the contents of
your laft to a friend of mine f, (for he is very
much fo, tho' he io my fucceilbr), who I hope will
turn it to the advantage of the gentleman whom
you mention. I know you have fo much zeal
and pleafure in doing kind offices for thofe you


* Of Secretary of State; wliic'i jv>.1 ?vlr Aidifon refigned on
the i/}th of Match 1717-18, and had a'penfion granted him of
one thoufand five hundred pc-unJs a-year.

f James Craggs, Efq;

214 DEAN S W I F T's

wifh well to, that I hope you reprefent the harcl-
fhip of the cafe in the ftrongeft colours that it
it can poffibly bear. However, as I always ho-
noured you for your good nature, which is a
very odd quality to celebrate in a man who has
talents fo much more fhining in the eyes of
the world, I fhoultl be glad if I could any way
concur with you, in putting a flop to what you
fay is now in agitation.

I muft here condole with you upon the lofs of
that excellent man, the Bifliop of Derry *, who
has fcarce left behind him his equal, in humanity,
agreeable converfation, and all kinds of learning.
We have often talked of you with great pleafure ;
and, upon this occafion, I cannot but reflect
upon myfelf, who, at the fame time that I omit
no opportunity of expreffing roy efteem for you
to others, have been fo negligent in doing it to
yourfelf. I 'have feveral times taken up my pen
to write to you, bur have been always interrupt-
ed by fome impertinence or other ; and, to tell
you unrefervedly, I have been unwilling to an-
fwer fo agreeable a letter, as that I received from
you, with one written in form only ; but I muft

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