Jonathan Swift.

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Hill have continued filent,,had I deferred writing
till I could have made a fuitable return. Shall we
never again talk together in laconic ? Whenever
you fee England, your company will be the moft
acceptable in the world at Holland-houfe, where
you are highly efteemed by Lady Warwick, and

* Dr Narciffus Marlh.


the young Lord, though by none any where
more, than by, Sir, your moft faithful, and moft
obedient humble fervant,




April 12, 1718.

HIS Lordfhip writes to the Dean, that he
hopes to fee him at Wimple this year :
That Lord Oxford was well, and talked of go-
ing into Hereford fhire. He adds, your fifler is
obliged to go to Bath, prefents her humble fer-
vice, and defires you to accept of a little etuy.
I beg you will not deny me the favour to take
the fnuff-box which comes along with it, to fup-
ply the place of that which was broke by acci-
dent fome time ago; I am, with true refpedt,
your moft humble fervant, and brother,






DEAR SIR, May i, 1718.

A PRETTY kind of amufement I have been
engaged in ! Commas, Semicolons, Italics,
and Capitals, to make nonfenfe more pompous,
and fur-below bad poetry with good printing.
My friends letters, in the mean time, have lain
unanfwered ; and the obligations I have to them,
on account of the very book itfelf, are unac-
knowledged. This is not all ; I muft beg you
once more to transfer to us an entire lift or my
fubfcribers, with their diftinct titles, that they
may, for my honour, be printed at the beginning
of my book. This will eallly be done, by revifing
the lilt which we fent to you. I muft pray of
you, that it may be exacl:.

O * has not at all difappointed my

expeditions. He is femper idem ; and has as
irwch bufinefs to do now, as when he was go-
verning England, or impeached for treafon. He
is ftil in town, but going in a week or ten
days into K:r,fordlhire. Lord and Lady Harley
are at the Bath ; and as foon as I fhall have
fettled my affairs of the printing-prefs, (fad bufi-
nefs ! as you very well call it), I fliall go into the
country to them.

i My

* Lord Oxford.


My health, I thank you, Is pretty good. My
courage better. I drink very often to your
health, with fome of our friends here ; am' am
always, with the greateft truth and affection,
dear Sir, your obliged and moft obedient fervant,




DEAR SIH, May l$ t 1718.

I HAVE received your's of the fixth, with,
the lift corrected. I have two Colon and
Comma men. We correct, and defign to publifh,
as fa(l as the nature of this great, or forry work,
as you call ir, will bear ; but we {hall not be out
before Chriittnas, fo that our friends abroad
m iv compleat their collection till Michaelmas,
and be returned foon enough to have their
names printed, and their books got ready for

1 am going to-morrow morning to the Bath,
to meet Lord Harley there. 1 llial! be back in
a month. The Earl of Oxford is ftill here. He
will go into Here for Jiliire fome time in June.
He fays he will write to you himfllf. Am I
particular enough? Is this profe ? And do I
diftinguiih tenfes ? I have nothing more to tell
you, but that you are the happieft man in the
world ; and, if you are once got into la bagatelle^
VOL. XV. T you


you may defptfe the world. Befides contriving
emblems, fuch as Cupids, torches, and hearts
for great letters, I am now unbinding two vo-
lumes of printed heads, to have them bound
together in better order than they were before.
Don't you envy me ? For the reft, matters con-
\im\iQficut ollm. I will not tell you how much I
want you, and I cannot tell you how well I love
you. Write to me, my dear Dean, and give
my fervice to all our friends. Your's ever,




Sept. 10, 1718.

SEND you the inclofed pamphlet by a pri-
vate hand, not daring to venture it by the
common poft.; for it is a melancholy circum-
flance we are now in, that friends are afraid to
carry on even a bare correfpondence, much more
to write news, or fend papers of con/equence
(as I take the inclofed to be) that way. But I
fuppofe I need make no apology, for not fend-
ing it by port -, for you muft know, and own
too, that my fears are by no means groundlefs.
For, your friend Mr Manley * has been guilty


* Poftmafter-General of Ireland, whom Dr Swift had great-
ly befriended in Queen Anne's time.


of opening letters that were not directed to him,
nor his wife, nor really to one of his acquain-
tance. Indeed, 1 own, it fo happened, that
they were of no confequence ; but fecrets of
ftate, fecrets of families, and other fecrets (that
one would by no means let Mr Manley know)
might have been difcovered; befides a thouiand,
nay, for ought I know, more than a thoufand,
calamities might have enfued. I need not (I
believe) enumerate them to you ; but, to be
plain with you, no man nor woman would (with
their eyes open) be obliged to ihew all they had
to Mr Manley. Thefe I think fufficient reafons
for fending it in the manner I do ; but fubmit
them and myfelf to your candour and cenfure.

The paper, I believe, you'll find very artfully
written, and a great deal couched, under the
appearance (I own at firft) of blunders, and a
filly tale. For who, with half an eye, may
not perceive, that, by the old woman's being
drowned at RatclifEe-highway, and not dead yet,
is meant the Church, which may be funk or
drowned, but in all probability will rife again ?
Then the man who was robbed and overtaken, is
eafily gueflcd at. He could not tell (the inge-
nuous author fays) whether ihe was dead: True!
but may be he will tell foon. But then the
author goes on (who muft be fuppofed a* high-
church man) and enquires of a man riding a-
horfeback upon a mare. That's prepoflerous,
and muft allude to a great man who has been
T 2

220 D E A N S \V I F T's

guilty (or he is foully belied 11 of very prepofte-
rous actions ; when the author comes up to him,
the man takes him for a Robber, or a Tory,
and ran from him, but you find he purfued him
furioufly. Mark that': And the Horfe. This
is indeed carrying a figure farther than 7
does : He makes the Ihicld, or its device, an
epithet fometimes to his warrior, but never, as
I remember, puts It in place of the perfon : But
there is a figure for this in rhetorick, which I
don't remember ; by which \ve often fay, He is
a good fiddle, or rather, as by the Gown is
often meant particular Parfons. Well then, you
find the Horfe, feeing hinifelf dead or undone,
ran away as faft as he could, and left the pre-
pofterous fellow to go a-foot. During this their
misfortune, the candid author (whom I cannot
mention without profound refpect) calls them
friends, and means to do them no harm ; only
enquires after the welfare of the church. Ah I
Dear Sir, this is the true character of the Tories.
And here I cannot but compare the generofity
and good-nature of the one, with the fullen in-
gratitude of the other: We find the horfe gone,
and they footing it give a furly anAver ; \vh:L
the other (though a conqueror) offers his friend-
fliip, and alks the queftion with a Pray, ...-
firm me.

I have gone, my dear friend, thus far with
the p.iper, to fhew you how excellent a piece I
take it to be, and niuft beg the favour of you



to give your opinion of it, and fend me your
animadveriions upon the whole ; which I am
confident you won't refufe me, when you con-
fider of how great an advantage they will be to
the whole earth, who, may be to this day,
have read over thefe 'fheets with too fuperficial
an underftanding ; and efpecially fince it is the
requeft of, Learned Sir, your mod dutiful and
obedient humble fervant,

I fubmit it to your better judgment, (when,
you make a more curious enquiry into the ar-
cana of this piece), to confider, whether, by Sir
John Vangs (who you find lives by the water-
fide) muft not be meant the Dutch ; fince you
find too, that he eats bag-pudding freezing hot.
This may feem a paradox; but I have been aflur-
ed by a curious friend of mine, of great veracity,
who had lived many Winters in Holland, that
nothing is more common, than for hot pudding
to freeze in that cold country. But, then, what
convinces me that by Sir John the Dutch muft
be meant, is, that you find he creeps out of a
flopper hole, which alludes to their mean ori-
gin. I muft obferve too, that Gammer Vangs
had an old woman to her fon. That's a bob for
Glorious *. But I am under great con-
cern, to find fo hard a fentence pafied upon poor
Swift, becaufe he's little. I think him better
than any of them, and hope to fee him greater.
T 3 LET-

* The common appellation in Ireland for Kin^ William II',




MY DEAR DEAN, Louden, Sept. 25, 1718.

I HAVE now made an end of what you, in
your haughty manner, call wretched work.
My book is quite printed off; and if you are as
much upon the bagatelle as you pretend to be,
you will find more pleafure in it than you ima-
gine. We are going to print the iubfcribcrs
names : If, therefore, you have any by you,
which are not yet remitted, pray fend them over
by the next poft. If you have not, pray fend
me word of that too ; that, in all cafes, I may

at leaft hear from you. E of O has been

in town all this Summer, is now|going into Here-
ford mire, and fays he mail fee you very foou
in England. I would tell you with what plea-
fure this would be, if I knew upon what cer-
tainty the hopes of it were founded. Write me
word of this too ; for upon it I would order
my matters fo, that I may be as much with you
as I can : And this you will find no little favour;
for I afTure you, we are all fo changed, that there
is very little choice of fuch company as you
would like ; and, except about eighteen hundred
that have fubfcribed to my book, I do not hear
of as many more in this nation that have com-
mon couGa Pcnnyfather, and Will.



Philips, drink your health. I cough, but am
otherwife well ; and till I ceafe to cough, i. e.
to HvCj I am, with entire friend fhip and affec-
tion, dear Sir, your moft obedient and humble
fervant, M. P R LO R.



DEAR SIR, Brijlol, Off. i, 1718.

I HAVE received the honour of your letter at
Briftol, where I have juft finiftied a courfe
of water-drinking, which I hope has pretty well
recovered me from the leavings of my laft "Win-
ter's ficknefs. As for the fubject of your letter,
though you know an affair of that nature cannot
well nor fafely be trufted in writing, I defired a
friend of mine to acquaint Sir Ralph Gore, that
I was ui;dtr a pre-engagernent, and not at my
own choice to aft in it, and have fince troubled
my Lady Aflie with a letter to the Tame effect,
which I hope has not milcarried. However, up-
on my return to London, I will farther enquire
into that matter, and fee if there is any room
left for me to negociate as you propofe.

I live ftill in hopes of feeing you in England ;
and if you would take my hbufe at Bilton in
your way, (which lyes upon the road, within a
mile of P-un,by) I would {train hard to meet you
there, provided you would make me happy in


224 DEAN S W I F T's

your company for fome days. The greateft plea-
fure I have met with for fome months, is in the
converfation of my old friend Dr Smallridge,
who, lince the death of the excellent man you
mention, is to me the moft candid and agreeable
of all bifhops ; I would fay clergymen, were not
deans comprehended under that title. We have
often talked of you ; and when I allure you he
has an exquifite tafte of writing, I need not tell
you how he talks on fuch a fubject. I look up-
on it as my good fortune, that I can exprefs my
efteem of you, even to thofe who are not of
the biihop's party, without giving offence. When
a man has fo much compafs in his character, he
affords his friends topics enough to enlarge upon,
that all fides admire. I am fure a zealous friend-
ly behaviour, diftinguifhes you as much, as your
many more fhining talents ; and as I have re-
ceived particular inftances of it, you muft have a
very bad opinion of me, if you do not think I
heartily love and refpect you ; and that 1 am.
ever, dear Sir, your moft obedient, and moft
humble fervant, J. ADD1SON,



DEAR SIR, London, OB. 14, 1718.

rHIS ferves for an envelope to the inclofed ;
for I cannot tell whether you care to he:iv


C O'R R E S P O N D E N C E. 225

from any of your friends on this fide. In your
Lift, I think, you dcfired me to let you alone, to
enjoy your own fpleen. Can you purchafe your
fifty pounds a-year in Wales ? yet, Lean tell you
be fore- hand, Lewis fcorns to live with you there.
He keeps company with the greateft, and is prin-
cipal governor in many families. I have been in
France ; fix weeks at Paris, and as much at
Rouen ; where, I can afTure you, I hardly heard
a word of news, or politics, except a little clut-
ter about fending fome impertinent prefidents cm
parliament to prifon, that had the impudence to
talk for the laws and liberties of their country.
I was alked for Monfieur Swift by many people,
I can allure you ; and particularly, by the Duke
d'Aumont. I was refpectfully and kindly treated
by many folks, and even by the great Mr Laws *.
Amongft other things, I had the honour to carry
an Iriili Lady f to Court, that was admired be-
yond all the Ladies in France for her beauty.


* Th contriver of the Miflifllppi frheme.

f The celebrated Beauty, Mils Ntlly Bennet, on whom thefe
lines were written :

For when as Nelly came to France,

(Invited by i
Acrofs the 'i\

Kill'd E

The King, as he at d'.iv'.cr fat,

Did beckon to hi-, ..
And bid him ;

For cliarnu : her.


226 DEAN S W I F T's

She had great honours done her. The huflar
himfelf was ordered to bring her the King's cat
to kifs. Her name is Bennet. Amongft other
folks, I faw your old friend Lord Bolingbroke,
who afkecl for you. He looks juft as he did.
Your friends here are in goo_d health ; not chan-
ged in their fentiments towards you. I left my
two girls in France with their uncle, which was
my chief bufinefs. I don't know that I have any
friends on your fide, befldes Mr Ford, to whom
give my fervice, and to Dr Parnell and Mr Jer-

If it be poffible for you, obey the contents of
the inclofed ; which, I fuppofe, is a kind invita-
tion. The ragon is juft as he was, only all
his old habits ten times ftronger upon him than
ever. Let me beg of you not to forget me, for
I can never cf.afe to love and efteem you, being
ever your moft affectionate and obliged humble
fervant, JO. ARBUTHNOTT.


The Ladies were with rage provok'd,

To fee her fo refpefted :
The men look'd arch, as Nelly ftrok'd,

And pufs her tail ere&ed.

But not a man did look employ,

Except on pretty Nelly ;
Then faid the Duke de Villeroi, .

Ah ! qu'elle eft bien jolie !

The courtiers all, with one accord,

Broke out in Nelly's praifes ;
Admir'd her rofe, and lis fans farde,

Which are your terms Fran$o5fes.



DEAR BROTHER, London, Dec. n, 1718.

FOR fo I called you before, were it not for a
certain reverence I pay to Deans, I find
you vvifli both me and yourfelf to live to be old
and rich. The fecond goes in courfe along with,
the firft ; but you cannot given feven (that is the
tythe of feventy), good reafons for either. Glad
at my heart fhould I be, if Dr Helfliam or I could
do you any good. My fervice to Dr Helfham :
He does not want my advice in the cafe. I have
done good lately to a patient and a friend, in that
complaint of a vertigo, by cinnabar of antimony,
and caftor, made up into bolus's with confecl:. of
alkermes. I had no great opinion of the cinna-
bar ; but trying it amongft other things, my
friend found good of this prefcription. I had
tried the caftor alone before, not with fo much
fuccefs. Small quantities of tinElura facra, now
and then, will do you good. There are twenty
Lords, I believe, would fend you horfes, if they
knew how. One or two have offered to me, who,
I believe, would be as good as their words. Mr
Rowe, the Poet Laureat, is dead, and has left a
damned jade of a Pegafus. I'll anfwer for it, he
won't do as your mare did, having more need of


228 D E A N S W I F T's

Lucan's prefent, than Sir Richard Blackmore. I
would fain have Pope get a patent for life, for
the place, with a power of putting in Durfey his
deputy. The Dragon is come to town, and was
entering upon the detail of the reafqns of ftate,
that kept him from appearing at the begin-
ning, &c. when I did believe, at the fame time,
it was only a law of nature, to which the Dra-
gon is moft fubjel, Remanere in Jiatu in quo eft t
nifi deturketur ab extrinfeco. Lord Harley, and
Lady Harley, give their fervice. Lewis is in the
country with Lord Bathurft, and has wrote me
a moft dreadful ftory of a mad dog, that bit their
huntfman ; fince which accident, I am told, he
has fhortened his ftirrups three bores ; they were
not long before. Lord Oxford prefented him
with two horfes. He has fold one, and fent the
other to grafs, avec beaucoup de fugcjfi. I do not
believe the ftoryof Lord Bolingbroke's marriage,
for I have been confulted about the lady ; and,
by fome defects in her constitution, I fhould not
think her appetite lay much towards matrimony.
There is fome talk about reverfing his attainder ;
but I wifti he m.iy not be difappointed. I am for
all precedents of that kind. They fay the Pre-
tender is like to have his chief minifler impeach-
ed. He has his wife prifoner. The footmen of
the Houfe of Commons choofe their fpeaker,
and impeach, &c. I think it were proper," than
all Moivarchs iLould ferve their apprentice/hips
as Pretenders, that we might difcover their de-


fects. Did you ever expel to live to fee the
Duke of Ormond fighting againft the Proteftant
fucceffion, and the Duke of Berwick fighting for
it ? France in confederacy with England, to re-
duce the exorbitant power of Spain ? I re'dly
think there is no Rich good reafon for living till
feventy, as curioiity. You fay you are ready to
refent it as an affront, to fay, that a lady, hardly
known or obferved for her beauty in Ireland, is a
curiofity in France. All Deans naturally fall into
paralogifms. My wife gives you her kind love
and fervice, and, which is the firft thing that
occurs to all wives, wiflies you well married.



March 17, 1719. [N. S.]

I HAVE not, thefe feveral years, tafted fo fen-
fible a pleafure, as your letters of the 6th
of January, and i6th of February gave me; and
I know enough of the tendernefs of your heart,
to be allured, t!-:'t die 'letter I am. writing, \vill
produce much the fame effect on you. I feel my
own pleafure, and I feel your's. The trueft re-
flection, and at the fame time the bittereft faure,
which can be made on the prefent age, is this :
That to think as you think, will make a man pafs
for romantic. Sincerity, confiancy, tendernefs,
VOL. XV. U are

230 D E A N S W I F T's

are rarely to be found. They are fo much out
of ufe, that the man of mode imagines them to
be out of nature. We meet with few friends :
The greateft part of thofe who pafs for fuch, are,
properly fpeaking, nothing more than acquaint-
ance ; and no wonder, fince Tully's maxim is cer-
tainly true, 'that friendfhip can fubfift non nifi in-
ter bo/Jos, at the age of life when there is balm
in the blood, and that confidence in the mind,
which the innocency of our own heart infpires,
and the experience of other men deftroys. I was
apt to confound my acquaintance and my friends

I never doubted, but that I had a numerous
cohort of the latter. I expected, if ever I fell into
misfortune, to have as many, and as remarkable
inftances of friendfhip to produce, as the Scythi-
an, in one of Lucian's Dialogues, draws from his
nation. Into thefe misfortunes I have fallen.
Thus far my propitious ftars have not difappoint-
ecl my expectations. The reft have almoft en-
tirely failed me. The fire of my adverfity has
purged the mafs of my acquaintance ; and, the
feparation made, I difcover, on one fide, an
handful of friends ; but on the other, a legion of
enemies, at leaft of Grangers. Happily this fiery
trial has had an effect on me, which makes me
fome amends. I have found lefs refource in. other
people, and more in myfelf, than I expected. I
make good, at this hour, the motto which I took
nine years ago, when I was weak enough to lift



again under the conduft of a man *, of whom
nature meant to make a fpy, or, at moft, a cap-
tain of miners ; and whom fortune, in one of her
whiiTjfical moods, made a general.

I enjoy at this hour, with very tolerable health,
great tranquillity of mind. You will, I am fure,
hear this with fatisfaftion ; and fure it is, that I
tell it you without the leaft aftedtation. I live, my
friend, in a narrower circle than ever; but, I
think, in a larger. When 1 look back on 'what
is paft, I obferve a multitude of errors, but no
crimes. I have been far from,following the ad-
vice which Cselius gave to Cicero ; Id melhts eft
fiatuere^ quod ttttiusfit : And, I think, may fay to
myfelf, what Dolabella fays, in one of his letters
to the fame Cicero : Sat isf aft urn ejl jam a te, vel
officio, *oel familiaritati : Satisfaflutn et'iam partibus t
et el rcipitbllca^ qnam tit probabas. ReKquum e/t,
ubi nunc ejf rcfpublica^ ibijiinus potius, quam, duni
illam veteran fequamitr, firnus in nulla. What rny
memory has furnilhed on this head, (for I have
neither books nor papers here, concerning home
affairs), is writ with great truth, and with as
much clearnefs as I could give it. If ever we
meet, you will, perhaps, not think two or three
hours abfolutely thrown away in reading it. One
thing I will venture to afllire you of before-hand,
which is, that you will think I never deferved
more to be commended, than whilft I was the
moft blamed ; and that you will pronounce the
U 2 higheft

* Robert Earl of Oxford.

232 D E A N S W I F T's

highcft part of my character, to be that which has
been difguifed by the nature of things, mifrepre-
fented by the. malice of men, and which is ftill
behind a cloud. In what is paft, therefore, I find
no great fource, of uneafinefs. As to the prefent,
my fortune is extremely reduced i but my defires
are ftill more fo. Nothing is more certain, than
this truth, That all our wants, beyond thofe which
a very moderate income will fupply, are purely
imaginary ; and that his happinefs is greater, and
better allured, who brings his mind up to a tem-
per. of not feeling them, than his, who feels
them, ' and has where-withal to fupply them.
Hor. Epijl. I. lib. I.

qua maxima crcdis
Effe mala exignum cenjum t turpemque refulfam t
Quanta devites t &c.

Which I paraphrafed thus, not long ago, in
my poft-chaife :

Survey mankind, obferve what rifks they run,
What fancy'd ills, thro' real dangers, fhun ;
Thofe fancy'd ills, fo dreadful to the great,
A loft eleftion or impair'd eftate.
Obferve the merchant, who, intent on gain,
Affronts the terrors of the Indian main j
Tho' ftorms arife, and broken rocks appear,
lie flies from poverty, and knows no other fear.-
Va'm men, who might arrive with toil far lefs,
By fmoother paths, at greater happinefs.



For 'tis fuperior blifs, not to defire ^

That trifling good, which fondly you admire, V
roflefs precarious, and too dear acquire. 3
What hackney gladiator can you find,
By whom the Olympic crown would be declin'd ?
Who, rather than that glorious palm to feize,
With fafety combat, and prevail with eafe,
Would chufe on fome inglorious ftage to tread,
And, fighting, droll from wake to wake for bread ?

As to what is to happen, I am not anxious a-
bout it : On which fubject, I have twenty fine
quotations at the end of my pen ; but I think
it is better to own frankly to you, that, upon a
principle (which I have long eftablifhed) that
we are a great deal more mechanical than our va-
nity will give us leave to allow, I have familiari-

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