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fiderable number of as eminent Divines as any in
this hi. .-loni, who owe me the fame obedience
as T o\vc to your Lordihip, and are equally
bound to attend my vhltation ; y;t neither I,
nor any of my predecefTors, to my knowledge,
did ever refufe a regular proxy.

I am only Tony, that you, who are of a country
famed for good nature, have found the way to
unite the hairy pnilion of your own country-
men f, with the long, fedate refentment of a
Spaniard : But I have an honourable hope, that
this proceeding has been more o\vin; to party
tlianjcoropleot'.on. lam,
MY LORD,

Your Lord/hip's

Moft humble fen-ant.



LETTER CCXCIX.

LOUD BOLINGBROKE TO DR SWIFT.

y.v/y 28, 1721.

I NEVER was fo nngry in all my li^e, as I was
with you laft week, on the receipt of your
letter of the ipth of June. The extreme pkafure
it gave me, takes away all the excuses which 1 had
Invented for your long neglect. I defign to re-
turn my humble thanks to thofe men of eminent

gratitude,

f The Eiihop was a Welch man ; liis narce Evans.



286 DEAN SWIFT's

gratitude, and integrity, the Weavers and the
Judges, and earneftly to"intreat them, inftead of
toffing you in the perfon of your proxy, who
had need to have iron ribs to endure all the
drubbings you will procure him, to tofs you- in
your proper perfon, the next time. you offsnd,
by going about to talk fenfe, or to do good to
the rabble. Is it pofllble, that one of your age
and profeffion fhould be ignorant, "that this
monftrous bead has paflions to be moved, but
no reafon to be appealed to ; and that plain truth
will influence half a fcore men at moft in a na-
tion, or an age, while myftery will lead millions
by the nofe ?

Dear Jonathan, fince you cannot refolve to
write as you preach, what public authority al-
lows, what councils and fenates have decided to
be orthodox, inftead of what private opinion
fuggefts, leave off inftructing the citizens of Du-
blin. Believe me, there is more pleafure, and
more merit too, in cultivating friendfhip, than
in taking care of the ftate. Fools and knaves
are generally beft fitted for the laft ; and none
but men of fenfe and virtue are capable of the
other. How comes it then to pafs, that you,
who have fenfe, though you have wit and virtue,
though you have kept bad company in your
time, (hould be fo furprifed, that I continue to
write to you, and expecl to hear from you,
after feven years abfence ?

Annl prxdantur euntes, fay you ; and time will
lop off my luxuriant branches. Perhaps it will be

fo.



CORRESPONDENCE. 287

fo. But I have put the pruning-hook into an
hand, which works hard to leave the other as
little to do of that kind as may be. Some fuper-
fluous twigs are every day cut ; and, as they
leflen in number, the bough which bears the
golden fruit of friendflaip, flioots, fwells, and
fpreads.

Our friend told you what he heard, and what
was commonly faid, when he told you that I had
taken the fancy of growing rich. If I could have
refolved to think two minutes a day about flocks,
to flatter law * half an hour a week, or to have
any obligation to people I neither loved nor va-
lued, certain it is, that I might have gained im-
menfely. But not caring to follow the many
bright examples of thefe kinds, which France
furnifhed, and which England fent us over, I
turned the little money I had of my own, with-
out being let into any fe'cret, very negligently: And
if I have fecured enough to content me, it was
becaufe I was foon contented. I am forry to hear
you confefs, that'thc love of money has got into
your head ; take care, or it will, erelong, fink
into your heart, the proper feat of paffions. Pla-
to, whom you cite, looked upon riches, and the
other advantages of fortune, . to be defireable :
But he declared, as you have read in Diogenes
L,aertius ; En etfi non ajltierint^ nihilominus tanien
beat um fore fapientein. You may think it, per-
haps,

* The projedlov of the Mifllffippi fcheme in France, which
produced the South-fca fcheme here.



288 D E A N S W I F T's

haps, hard to reconcile his two journies into
iSicily with this maxim, efpecially fince he got
fourfcore talents of the tyrant. But I can aflure
you, that he went to the elder Dionyfius, only to
buy books ; and to the younger, only to borrow
a piece of ground, and a number of men, wo-
men, and children, to try his Utopia. Ariftip-
pus was in Sicily at the fame time ; and there paf-
fed fome Billingfgate between thefe reverend per-
fons. This phiioibher had a much ftronger
fancy to grow rich, than Piato : He flattered,
he cracked jefts, and danced over a ftick, to get
fome or the Sicilian gold ; but ftill even he took
care, fibi res, - non fe rebus fubmiltere. A.nd I re-
member, with great edification, how he reproved
one of his catechumens, who blufhed, and ihrunk
back, when his niafter (hewed him the way 'to the
..bawdy-houfe. Non ingrtdi turpe /?, fed egredi
,,,., ,,,y e f lir p e fjl. The concludon of all is this ;
tin bonnette bomine o;ig,ht to have cente m'tlle li-vres
de ; ife> if you pleafe ; but a wife man will be
happy xvith the hundredth part. Let us not re-
fr.,'j riches, when taey offer themfclves ; but let
us give them no room in our heads, or our
hearts. Let us enjoy wealth, without fufFering
it to become neceffary to us : And, to finilh with
one of Seneca's quaint" fentences, " Let us place
it fo, that fortune may take it without tearing it
from us." The paiiage yo*u mention, does follow
that which I quoted to you, and the advice is
good. Solon thought fo ; nay, he went further :
i And



CORRESPONDENCE. 289

And you remember the reafon he gave for fitting
in the Council of Pififtratus, whom he had done
his utmoft to oppofe ; and who, by the way,
proved a very good Prince. But the epiflie is
not writ by Cicero, as you feem to think. It is,
if I miftake not, an epiftle of Dolabella to him.
Cato, you fay, would not be of the fame mind.
Cato is a moft venerable name, and Dolabella
was but a fcoundrel, with wit and valour ; and
yet there is better fenfe, nay there is more virtue,
in what Dolabella advifes, than in the conduct of
Cato. I muft own iny weaknefs to you. This
Cato, fo fung by Lucan in every page, and fo
much better fung by Virgil in half a line, ftrikes
me with no great refpect. When I fee him paint- -
ed in all the glorious colours, which eloquence
furaifhes, I call to mind that image of him,
which Fully gives in one of his letters to Atticus,
or to fomebody elfe ; where he fays, that having a
mind to keep a debate from coming on in the
Senate, they made Cato rife to fpeak, and that
he talked till the hour of proposing matters was
over. Tully inflnuates, that they often made this
life of him. Does not the moving picture fluft ?
Do you not behold Clarke of Tauntondean, in the
gown of a Roman Senator, fending out the mem-
bers to pifs ? The cenfor ufed fharp medicines ;
bur, ia his time, the patient had ftrength to bear
them. The fecond Cato inherited this receipt
without his fkill ; and, l;!;e a true quack, he gave
the remedy, becaufe it was his only one-, though
VOL. XV. C b 'it



290 DEAN SWIFT's

it was too late. He haftened the patient's death ;
he not only haftened it, but he made it more con-
vulfive and painful.

The condition of your wretched country, 13
worfe than you reprefent it to be. The healthful
Indian follows his matter, who died of ficknefs,
to the grave ; but 1 much doubt, whether thofe
charitable legiflators exact the fame, when the
matter is a lunatic, and cuts his own throat. I
mourn over Ireland with all my heart, but I pity
you more. In reading your letter, I feel your
pulfe : And I judge of your diftemper, - as furely
by the figm-es into which you caft your ink, as
the learned doctor, at the hand, and the urinal
could do, if he pored over your water. You are
really in a very bad way. You fay your me-
mory declines -, I believe it does, fince you for-
get your friends, and fince repeated importunity
can hardly draw a token of remembrance from
you. There are bad airs for the mind, as well
as the body : And what do you imagine, that
Plato, fince you have fet me upon quoting h\m,
(who thanked Heaven that he was not a Boeotian),
would have faid of the vhtma Thule ? Shake
oft* your lazinefs, ramble over hither, and fpend
fome months in a kinder climate. You will be
in danger of meeting but one plague here, and
you will leave many behind you. Here you will
come among people who lead a life fingular enough
to hit your humour, fo near the world as to have
all its conveniencies, fo far from the world as to
be a ftranger to all its inconveniencies, wanting

nothing



CORRESPONDENCE. 2 9 r

nothing which goes to the eafe and happinefs of
life, embarafled by nothing which is cumberfome.
1 dare almoft venture to fay, that you will like U3
better than the perfons you live with, and that
we {hall be able to make you retrograde (that I
may ufe a canonical (imile) as the fun did on
the dial of Hezechias, and begin a-new the
twelve years which you complain are gone. We
will reftore to you the nigros anguJJo fronts ccpll-
los ; and, with them, the duke loqui, the tidere
decorum, et inter -vinit fugam Cynane mcerere pro-

. PL?c eft vita fell,
L'iqiu', and not your's.

I was going to fiaifh with my flieet of paper j
but having bethought myfelf, that you deferve
fome more puniihment, and calling all my anger
againft you to my aid, I refolvc, iince I am thi*
morning in the humour of fcribbling, to make
my letter at leaft as long as one of your fermons ;
and, if you do not mend, my next fhall be as
long as one of Dr Manton's *, who taught my
youth to yawn, and prepared me to be an High-
churchman, that I might never hear him read,,
nor read him more.

You mu ft know, that I am as bufy about my

hermitage, which is between the Chateau and the

Maifon Bourgeoife, as if I was to pafs my life in

B b 2 it :

* Thomas Manton, D. D. who had been ejeK'd from the
reftory of Covcnt-jaiden, for Non-conformity, after the Refto-
ration. He \vasa voluminous writer in Divinity, and [ v
a large folio of Sermons, on the CXIXth Pfulm.



292 DEAN SWIFT's

it : And, if I could fee you now and then, I
fhould be willing enough to do fo. I have in my
wood, the biggeft and cleareft fpring perhaps in
Europe, which forms, before it leaves the park,
a more beautiful river than any which flows in
Greek or Latin verfe. I have a thoufund projects
about this fpring, and, among others, one which
will employ forne marble. Now, marble, you
know, makes one think' of infcriptions : And if
you will correct this, which I have not yet com-
mitted to paper, it fhall be graved, and help to
fill the table-books of Spons and Miflbns f yet to
come.

Propter fidem ad-verfus reginam, et paries,

Intemerats fervatam,
Propter operam, in pace generali conciliandu

Strenuefaltem navatam t
Impotentia vefang fafiionis

Solum vertere coaElns^
Hie ad aqua lene caput facra
Injufte exulat.
Dulce viwt
H. De B.An. &c.

Ob were better than propter t but ob opsram
would never pleafe the ear. In a proper place,
before the front of the houfe, which I have new

built,

* James Spon, M. D. and Maximilian Miflbn, were two
eminent travellers, who have published their gravels ; in which
are in'fcrted many infcriptions.



CORRESPONDENCE. 293

built, I have a-mind to infcribe this piece of
patch-work.

Si refipifcat patria t in patriam rediturus ;
Si non refipifcttty ubi-vis melius quam inter

tales cives futurus.
Hanc villain inftauro et exorno :
HinC) velut ex portu y alienos caftes t
Et fortune litdurn infolentern^

Ccrncre fnave eft.

Hic t mortem nee cippetens nee titnens,
Linocuis dt'liciiS)
DoElu quiete y ,

et
Fclicis anim'i imtnotj tranquillitate^

Fntifcw.
Hie mihi vivam quodfupereft, out exilii, ant tevi.

If in a year's time you fhould find leifure to
write to me, fend me fome mottos for groves,
and ftreams, and fine profpe<fts, and retreats, and
contempt of grandeur, &c. I have one for my
green-houfes, and one for an alley which leads-
to my apartment, which are happy enough. The
firft is, Hie ver ajjidunm atque alienis rnenfibtis ajlas.
The other is, fallcntis femita vit<r.

You fee T amufe myfelf de la bagatelle as much
as you. But here lyes the difference: Your baga-
telle leads to fomething better ; as fiddlers flou-
rifh carelefsly, before they play a fine air. But
mine begins, proceeds, and ends in bagatelle.

B b 3 Adieu.:.



294 D E A N S W I F T's

Adieu : It is happy for you that my hand is
tired.

I'll take care that you (hall have my picture,
and I am fimple enough to be obliged to you for
afking for it. If you do n*t write to me foon,
I hope it will fall down as foon as you have it,
and break your head.



LETTER CCC.

THE DUCHESS OF ORMOND TO DR. SWIFT.

S I R, Sept. 1, 1721.

I DON'T know how to account for your long
filence, unlefs your time has been taken up in
making an intereft with thofe in power here,
for one of the two Archbifhopricks, that, we N
hear, were void ; (but I am very glad, are not
fo). Set your heart at reft, for they are pro-
mifed ; and therefore you may as well write tp a
fifter, when next you honour this kingdom with
any dif[/atches. As to'any greater people, it is a
fhame to think how you have neglected thofe of
your own 'houfe. I had once determined to
write to you no more, fince no anfwer was to be
expe&ed ; but then revenge came into my head,
and I was refolved to> teaze you, till-at lad, to
be quiet, you would fend me fome plauiible ex-
cufe at leaft, for never enquiring after brother
or lifter.

I



CORRESPONDENCE.



295



I wonJer when you'll be good-natured enough
to come and fee how we do j but Ireland has
fuch powerful charms, that I queftion whether
you would Leave it to be one of our Archbuhops.
I was at your brother Arran's * a good while this
Summer, and have been much upon the ramble,
or elfe you'd have fooner had thefe juft re-
proaches from me ; whom you have no way of
appealing, but by a letter of at lead four fides of
paper : Though i am fo good a Chriftian, upon
this occalion, as to be, notwithftanding all this
ill treatment, Sir, your mofl lincere friend, and
humble fervant, M. ORMOND.



L ' E T T E R CCCI.

LOUD BOLINGBROKE TO DR SWIFT.

Jan. I, 1721-2.

I RECEIVED your letter of the 2pth of Sep-
tember, above a fortnight ago , and (hould
have fet you an cxim..ue, by anfvvering it imme-
diately, (wiiich I do not re.nember you ever fet
me) "if I had not been obliged to abandon the
filence and quiet of tL . i id to

truft myielf into the hurry and rabble of an im-
pevtia.at to-.va. In leis than ten days, which I
'ipcnt at Paris, I was more than i i the

P'juit oL : leaving my builnefj there undone ; and

yet

* Another of the fixtcen.



296 D E A N S W I F T'-s

yet this bufinefs was to fave four-fifths of four
hundred thoufand livres, which I have on the
town-houfe ; reftes miferables du naufrage de ma
fortune. Luckily I had the fear of you before
my eyes ; and though I canffot hope to deferve
your eflcem by growing rich, I have endeavour-
ed to avoid your contempt by growing poor.
The expreffion is equivocal ; a fault, which our
language often betrays thofe who fcribble hafti-
ly, into: But your own confcience will ferve for
a comment, and fix the fenfe. Let me thank
you for remembering me in your prayers, and
for ufing -your credit above fo generoufly in my
behalf. To defpife riches with Seneca's purfe,
is to have at once all the advantages of fortune
and philofophy.

hiid voveat dulct nutricula majus alumno ?

You are not like H. Guy *, who, among
other excellent pieces of advice, gave me this-,
when I firft came out to Court : To be very mo-
derate and modeft in my applications for my
friends, and very greedy and importunate when
I aflced for myfelf. You call Tully names, to
revenge Cato's quarrel ; and to revenge Tully's,

I

* Henry Guy, who had been fecretary to the Treafury dur-
ing three fucceffive reigns. He died February 23, lyro, and
left to William Pulteney, Efq ; late Earl of Bath, near forty
thoufand pounds, with an eftate of about five hundred pounds a-
year : As the latter owns, in his Atifwcr to one fart of a lake sn-
famovs lylel, &c. publifhed in 1731, p. 30.



CORRESPONDENCE. 297

I am ready to fall foul on Seneca. You Church-
men have cried him up for a great faint ; and,
as if you imagined, that to have it -believed, he
had ii month's mind to be a Chriftian, would r
II. ct fome honour oft ChrhUiniiy, you employed
one of thofe pious frauds, fo frequently pr.ictifed
in the days of primitive fimplicity to impofe on
the world, a pretended correfpondence between
him and .the great Apoftle of the Gentiles f.
Your partiality in his favour, fhall biai's me no
more, than the pique which Dion Cafilus and
Others flie\v againfthim. Like an equitable judge,
I fh.ill only tax him with avarice in his pro-
fpeiity, adulation in his adverfity, and affcct.uioii
in every ftate of life. V.'"as I coniklcrable enough
to be baniilied from my country, methinks I
would not purchafe my reftoration, at the ex-
pence of writing fuch a letter fo the Prince him-
felf, as your Chriftian Stoic wrote to the Em-
peror's (lave Polybius J. Thus I think of the
man ; and yet I read the author with pleafure,
though i join in condemning thofe points which
he .introduced into the Latin ftile ; thofe eternal
witticifms, ftrung like beads together ; and that

impudent

f It confifts of thirteen letters, which Teemed to St Jerome
and St Ansuftine to have Leen genuine. Bi:t I)u Pin ( \
jy,bllolbfj".-: des dulcun Ecdeji.ijLp'CS, Tom. 1. f. 24. Edit. 1690,

of the

or Bliilofopher, and have not the lead refernllance to
tl.c it, le of cither. This is likevviie the judgment of the mort
learned among the modern critics.

| Seneca dc Coofolatione ad Polybiutn.



2 9 3 D E A N S W I F T's

impudent manner of talking to the paffions, .be-
fore he has gone about to convince the judge-
ment j which Erafmus, if I remember right, ob-
jects to him. He is feldom inftrucYive, but he
is perpetually entertaining ; and when he gives
you no new idea, he reflects your own back up-
on you with new luftre. I have lately wrote an
excellent treatife in praife of exile *. Many of
the hints are taken from Confolatio ad Hehiam y
and other parts of his works. The whole is
turned on his ftile and manner ; and there is
much of the fpirit of the portique, as I could
infufe, without running too far in the mirabilia t
inopinata, et paradoxa ; which Tully, and I think
Seneca himfelf, ridicules the fchool of Zeno for.
That you may laugh at me in your turn, I own
ingenuoufly, that I began in jeft, grew ferious at
the third or fourth page, and convinced myfelf,
before I had done, of what perhaps I ihall ne-
ver convince any other, that a man of fenfe and
virtue may be unfortunate, but can never be un-
happy. Do not imagine, however, that I have a
mind to quarrel with Ariftippus : He is flill my
favourite among the philofophers ; and if I find
fome faults in him, they are few and venial.

You do me much honour, in faying that I put
you in mind of Lord Digby f j but fay it to no

one

* It is printed in his works, under the title of Refaftions upon
Exile.

f George Lord Digby, afterwards Earl of Rriftol. Dr Swift,
io a letter to Lord Bolingbrpke, dated Aprjl 5, 1719, and print-
ed



CORRESPONDENCE. 299

one elfe, for fear of paffing for partial in your
parallels, which has done Plutarch more hurt
than it has done good to his Grecian heroes. I
had forgot, or I never knew, the remarkable
fage which you mention. Great virtue, unjuftly
perfecuted, may hold fuch language, and will
be heard with applaufe, with general applaufe
I mean, not univerfal. There was at Athens, a
wretch, who fpit in the face of Ariftides, as he
marched firm, calm, and almoft gay, to execu-
tion. Perhaps there was not another man a-
mong the Athenians, capable of the fame vile
action. And for the honour of my country, I
will believe, that there are few men in England,
befides Lord Oxford, capable of hearing that
ftrain of eloquence, without admiration. There
is a fort of kindred in fouls, and they are divided
into more families than we are apt to imagine.
Digby and Harley are abfolute ftrangers to one
another. Touch an unifon, and all the unifons
will give the fame found j but you may thrum
a lute till your fingers are fore, and you will
draw no found out of a Jew's harp.

I thank you for correcting my infcriptions,
and I thank you frill more for promifing to
Anther up mottos for me, and to write often to
me. I am as little given to beg correfpondents,
as you are to beg pictures ; but fince I cannot
live with you, I would fain hear from you. To

grow

cd in his works, fryles Lord Digby the prototype of Lord Boling-
fcroke.



300



DEAN S W I F T' s



grow old with good fenfe, and a good friend, was
the wilh of Thales ; I add, with good health :
To enjoy but one and a half of thefe three, is
hard. I have heard of Prior's death *, and of
his epitaph f ; and have feen a Grange book,
writ by a grave and eloquent Doctor j, about the
Duke of Buckinghamfhire. People, who talk
much in that moment, can have, as I believe,
but one of thefe two principles, fear or vanity.
It is therefore much better to hold one's tongue.
I am ferry that the firft of thefe perfons, our
old acquaintance Matt, lived fo poor as you re-
prefent him. I thought that a certain Lord |(,
i whofe

* He clied September 18, 1721.

f In the following tiipkl, written by himfelf :

" To me 'tis given to die ; to you 'tis given ")

" To live. Alas! one moment ftts us even.

" Mark how impartial is t-he will of Heaven !" ?

Bifliop Atterbury, in a letter to Mr Pope, cnted Sept. 27,
1721, fays : " I will, take care to make good, in every refpeft,
" -.vi r.t ! faid to him when livhg, particularly as to the triplet
" he wrote for his own epitaph ; wiiieh, while we were on good
" terms. I promlfrd him fhoul.l never appear on his tomb
I was dean of '.

| Richard Fitldes, D. D. puoliflied in 1721, in n<ftavo, " A
" Letter in anT.vcf to one from a Free-thinker, occafioned by
" the i hire's Epitaph; wherein cer-

" tain pafidgeA i i it, that have been thought exceptionable, are
" ri idicatedj :r-.cl the Doctrine of t!ie foul's Immortaiity afleft-
" ed, ccc." Ti.is was followed by " A fecond Letter," publiili-

Urfcy, v. l,;i m:inied, in C'u'i/er 1713,

tlie I...it'y I-Jennetta Cnv.:idiili hollos, only daughter and heir
of John Duke of Newcaftle.



CORRESPONDENCE. 301

tvhofe marriage with a certain heirefs was the
ultimate end of a certain adminiftration, had
put him above want. Prior might juftly enough
have addrefied himfelf to his young patron, as
our friend Ariftippus did to Dionyfius : " You
" have money, which I want. I have wit and
'" knowledge, which you want." I long to fee
your travels * ; for take it as you will, I do not
retract what I faid, I will undertake to find, in
two pages of your bagatelles, more good fenfe,
ufeful knowledge, and true religion, than you
can (hew me in the works of nineteen in twenty
of the profound divines and philofophers of the
age.

I am obliged to return to Paris in a month or
fix weeks time, and from thence will fend you
my picture. Would to Heaven I could fend you
as like a piclure of my mind ! You would find
yourfelf, in that draught, the object of the trueft
efteem, and the fincereft friendihip.



LETTER CCCII.

DR SXAPE TO DR SWIFT.

REV. SIR, Windfor, April 13, 1722.

I TAKE the opportunity of two of our choir
going over to try their fortune in your
country, at once to return my thanks for a
VOL. XV. C c very

* Gulliver's.



302 DEAN SWIFT's

very obliging letter you favoured me with fomc
years ago, and your kind interpretation of my
endeavours at that time, to aiTert the caufe of our
eftablifhment aga'mft a prelate *, who was un-
dermining it : And alfo to recommend to your
favour the bearer, Mr Elford, who, upon the
encouragement of your worthy primate, is going
to fettle at Armagh. I cannot pretend to fay,
he has the fame compafs of voice with- his late
brother, whom the good Queen fo much ad-
mired j but I will venture to fay, he has a
greater compafs of underftanding ; and, upon
the whole, that he is a good choir-man. The
other, that bears him company, was a very ufe*
ful choirefter to us. His voice, fince its break-
ing, is fomewhat harfli, but I believe will grow
mellower. If you find either of them for your
purpofe, efpecially the bearer, when you have


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