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he

* Ilcry Davcr.ant, Efq; who had been employed in Germa-
in v as Rcfident.



i2 DEAN SWIFT's

he builds his hopes moft upon, is the promife
my Lord Treafurer was pleafed to make to the
Duke of Shrewfbury, juft as his Grace left
Windfor, that a provifion fhould be made for
Mr Davenant. We muft intreat you to find
forne lucky moment, of reprefenting to my Lord,
that the young man is preiTed by a nearer con-
cern than that of making his fortune, and that
lovers can hardly be perfuaded to be as patient
as other men. The Duke has carried his miftrefs
from him, and will not confent tb make him
happy, till he fees him in fome way of being fet-
tled, in which how anxious any delay muft be
(pofleffion depending upon it) he leaves you to
judge, who have fo well ftudied mankind, and.
who know, that love is a paflion, in one of his
age, much ftronger than ambition. I beg your
pardon for this long trouble ; and am, Sir, your
moft humble and obedient fervant,

CHA. DAVENANT.



LETTER CLXXIL

THE DUCHESS OF ORMOND TO DR SWIFT.

DOCTOR, Nov. 3, 1713. Eleven. o'clock at night.

I HOPE your fervant has told you, I fent to
beg the favour of you to come hither to to-
night ; but fince you could not conveniently, I
hope you will not deny me the fatisfaction of
i feeing



CORRESPONDENCE. 13

feeing you to-morrow morning. My Lord loins
with me in that requeft, and will fee no com-
pany but you. I hope you will come before
ten o'clock, becaufe he is to go at that hour to
"Windfor. I beg your pardon for fending fo .
early, as I have ordered them to carry this ; but
the fear of your being gone abroad, if they went
later, occafioned that trouble given you, by, Sir,
your mod fincere and moft faithful humble fer-
vant, M. ORMOND.



LETTER CLXXIII.

TO LORD TREASURER OXFORD.

On the Death of his Daughter the Marchionefs
'of Caermarthen.

MY LORD, November 21, 1713.

*\7"OUR. Lordfhip is the perfon in the world
JL to whom every body ought to be falent
upon fuch an occafion as this, which is only to
be fupported by the greateft wifdom and ftrength
of mind j wherein, God knows, the wifeft and
beft of us, who would prefume to offer their
thoughts, are far your inferiors. It is true, in-
deed, that a great misfortune is apt to weaken
the mind, and difturb the underflanding. This,
indeed, might be fome pretence to us to adaiini-
fter our confolations, if we had been wholly
ftrangers to the perfon gone. But, my Lord,
VOL. XV. B whoever



14 D E A N S W I F T's

whoever had the honour to know her, wants a
comforter as much as your Lordfhip ; becaufe,
though their lofs is not fo great, yet they have
not the fame firmnefs and prudence, to fupport
the want of a friend, a patronefs, a benefactor,
as you have to fupport that of a daughter. My
Lord, both religion and reafon forbid me to have
the leaft concern for that Lady's death, upon
her own account : And he muft be an ill Chri-
ftian, or a perfect ftranger to her virtues, who
would not wifli himfelf, with all fubmiflion to
God Almighty's will, in her condition. But your
Lordfliip, who hath loft fuch a daughter j and
we, who have loft fuch a friend ; and the world,
which hath loft fuch an example j have, in our
feveral degrees, greater caufe to lament, than per-
haps was ever given by any private perfon be-
fore. For, my Lord, I have fat down to think
of every amiable quality that could enter into
the compofltion of a Lady, and could not fingle
out one which fhe did not poffefs, in as high a
perfection as human nature is capable of. But,
as to your Lordfhip's own particular, as it is an
unconceivable misfortune, to have loft fuch a
daughter j fo it is a pofleffion which few can
boaft of, to have had fuch a daughter. I have
often faid to your Lordfliip, that I never knew
any one, by many degrees, fo happy in their do-
mefties as you ; and I affirm you are fo ftill, tho'
not by fo many degrees : From whence it is very-
obvious, that your Lordihip fhould reflect upon

what



CORRESPONDENCE. j S

what you have left, and not upon what you
have loft.

To fay the truth, my Lord, you began to be
foo happy for a mortal ; much more happy than
is ufual with the difpenfations of providence
long to continue. You had been the great in-
ftrument of preferviug your country from fo-
reign and domeftic ruin : You have had the feli-
city of eftablifhing your family in the greatefl
luftre, without any obligation to the bounty of
your prince, or any induftry of your own : You
have triumphed over the violence and treachery
of your enemies, by your courage and abilities ;
and, by the fteadinefs of your temper, over the
inconftancy and caprice of your friends. Per-
haps your Lord (hip has felt too much compla-
cency within yourfelf, upon this univerfal fuccefs :
And God Almighty, who would not difappoint
your endeavours for the public, thought fit to
punifh you with a domeftic lofs, where he knew
your heart was moft expoftd ; 'and, at the fame
time, has fulfilled his own wife purpofes, by re-
warding, in a better life, that excellent creature
he has taken from you.

I know not, my Lord, why I write this to
you, nor hardly what I am writing. I am fure
it is not from any compliance with form ; it is
not from thinking mat I can give your Lordfliip
any eafe. 1 think it was an impulfe upon me,
that I fhould fay fomcthing : And* whether I
fhall fend you what I have written, I am yet in
doubt, Sec.

B 2 LET-



i5 D E A N S W I'FT's

LETTER CLXXIV.

JUDGE- NUTLET TO DR SWIFT.

SIR, Dublin, Nov. 21, 1713.

1C AN'T help telling you, that I think you do
me great wrong, in charging me with being
too civil, and with want of plainnefs in my let-
ters to you. If you will be abundant in your
favours to me, how can I forbear thanking you . ?
and if you will call that by a wrong name, that
is your fault, and not mine. I hope I fhall be
able to convince you of your miftake, by putting
you in the place of the party obliged ; and then
I will fhew you, that I can be as ready as you are
in doing good offices for a friend ; and when
I have done them, can treat you as you do me,
as if you were the benefactor, and I had received
the favour. I am forry I did not keep the copy
of my letter to you, that I might compare it
with that which I fhall have from you, when-
ever I fhall be fo happy .as to receive one from
you upon that {object ; for I am thoroughly
perfuaded, you will then as much out-do me in
civility of expreffion, as you do now in the power
of conferring favours.

By this time, I hope, I have fatisfied yon,
that it is fit for me (and I am refolved) to ex-
prefs the fenfe I have of your friendfhip, in as
high a manner as I can, until I have an oppor-
tunity



CORRESPONDENCE. 17

tunity of making a better return : But to fhew
you, that it is as uneafy to me to write civil things,
as it can be to you to read them, I will, as often
as I can, do you fervices, that I may not be at
the trouble, or bear the reproach, of being conv-
plaifant.

I am fo much a philofopher as to know, that
to be great, is to be, but not to be thought, mi-
ferable, and I am of the opinion of thofe among
them, who allow retaliation ; and therefore, fince
you have declared your intention of loading me
with cares, I will, as far as I can, make you ien-
fible of the hurt you do me, by laying a like
burthen upon you.

I thank you moft fincerely for the clear and
full information you have given me of your
grand church affair. It entirely agrees with my
judgment ; for I do think, that what you pro-
pofe, will be the beft fervice that has been clone
to this church and kingdom fince the Reftora-
tion ; and the doing it foon, will be of great ad-
vantage to the Queen's affairs at this juncture.
For it has been given out among the party, that
the miniftry have an eye towards the Whigs ;
and that, if they now exert themfelves, they
will Toon 'have an open declaration in their fa-
vour. We have a remarkable proof of this ;
for Mr Brodrick has engaged a confiderable
number of the parliament-men (many of them
not of his party) to promife him their votes for
Speaker, by telling them he has the approbation
of the miniftry and Lord Lieutenant j and fiuce
B 3



i8 D E A N S W I F T's

his Grace has made known her Majefty's pJea-
fure, a new word is given out, -tl.vat the liber-
ties of the people are in the Lift danger, and
tliat the Crown is attempting the nomination of
a Speaker. I own I am no politician \ but I
think I underftand the pofture of affairs here :
And I am affured, that the church-party is fo
jfh ong, that if any thing be done on your fide,
to excite their zeal, and difcourage their adver-
faries, there will be but a fhort ftruggle here.
But if the Whigs are permitted to hope, or, what
is as bad, to boaft of their expectations, and no-
thing is done to enable others to .confute them,
they will, 'tis probable, be able to give trouble
to the government ; and what is now eafy to be
effected, will become difficult by delay : And
I fear, the want of doing this in time, will oc-
calion fome uneafincfs to the Duke of Shrewf-
bury ; for to this is owing the doubtful difpute,
who fhall be Speaker.

I have 'fhewed your letter to the gentleman
chiefly concerned in it. This I did, becaule I
knew it woxild produce a full expreffion of his
fentunents ; and I can allure you, whatever occa-
{ion may have been given you to think what you
i",iy in your letter, he has a true fenfe of your
friendfiiip to him. I will be guarantee, that,
according to the po\ver it has, he will be ready
to ferve you, and that in kind.

My Lord Chancellor will &nd you his own
thanks. I am, moft truly and fincerely,
Youi's, c:c.

LET-



CORRESPONDENCE. 19
LETTER CLXXV.

MR POPE TO DR SWIFT *.

S I R, Binfidd, Dec. 8, 1713.

NOT to trouble you at prefent with a recital
of all my obligations to you, I (hall only
men iion two things, which I take particularly
kind of you : Your defire that I fhould write to
you ; and your propofal of giving me twenty
guineas to change my religion ; which lift you
muft give me leave to make the fubject of this
letter.

Sure, no clergyman ever offered fo much out
of his own purfe, for the fake of any religion.
'Tis almoft as many pieces of gold, as an apoftle
could get of filver from the priefts of old, on a
much more valuable consideration. I believe it
will be better worth my while, to propofe a change
of my faith, by fubfcription, than a tranflation of
Homer : And, to convince you how well difpofed
I am to the reformation, I {hall be content, if
you can prevail with my Lord Treafurer, and the
miniftry, to rife to the fame fum, each of them,
on this pious account, as my Lord Hal i fix has
done on the profane one. I aili afraid there is

no

* This letter was wrote by Mr Pope, in anAver to one from
Dr Swift, v.; hurt in he had jocofl.ly nude an o;l'.-rf) his friend,
of a fum of money, ex catij. !/.!), to

induce Mr l\>]jc to change hi> n.rj..>.i. -



20 D E A N S W I F T's

no being at once a poet and a good Chriftian ;
and I am very much ftraitened between two, while
the Whigs feem willing to contribute as much
to continue me the one, as you would to make
me the other. But if you can move every man
in the government, who has above ten thoufand
pounds a-year, to fubfcribe as much as yourfelf,
I fhall become a convert, as moft men do, when
the Lord turns it to my intereft. I know they
have the truth of religion fo much at heart, that
they'd certainly give more to have one good
fubject tranflated from Popery v to the Church of
England, than twenty Heathenifh authors out of
any unknown tongue into our's. I therefore
commiflion you, MR DEAN, with full authority,
to tranfacl this affair in my name, and to propofe
as follows. Firft, That as to the head of our
church, the Pope, I may engage to renounce his
power, whenfoever I fhall receive any particular
indulgences from the head of your church, the
Queen.

As to communion in one kind, I fhall alfo pro-
mife to change it for a communion in both, as
foon as the miniftry will allow me.

For invocations to faints, mine fhall be turned
to dedications to finners, when I fhall find the
great ones of this world, as willing to do me any
good, as I believe thofe of the other are.

You fee I fhall not be obftinate in the main
points. But there is one article I muft referve,
and which you feemed not unwilling to allow me,

Prayer



CORRESPONDENCE. 21

Prayer for the dead. There are people to whofe
fouls I wifh as well as to my own : And I muft
crave leave humbly to lay before them, that thp'
the fubfcriptions above mentioned, will fuffice for
myfelf, there are necefiary perquifites and addi-
tions, which I muft demand on the fcore of this
charitable article. It is alfo to be confidered, that
the greater part of thofe whofe fouls I am moft
concerned for, were unfortunately heretics, fchif-
matics, poets, painters, or perfons of fuch lives
and manners, as few or no churches are willing
to fave. The expence will therefore be the great-
er, to make an effectual provifion for the find
fouls.

Old Dryden, though a Roman Catholic, was a
poet ; and it is revealed in the vifions of fome an-
ticnt faints, that no post was ever faved under
fome hundred of mafles. I cannot fet his delivery
from purgatory, at lefs than fifty pounds Ster-
ling.

Walfli was not only a Socinian, but (what

you'll own is harder to be faved) a Whig. He

' cannot modeiUy be rated at lefs than an hundred.

L'Eft range being a Tory, we compute him but
at twenty pounds ; which I hope no friend of the
party can deny to give, to keep him from damn-
ing in the next life, confidering they never gave
him fixpence to keep him from flarving in this.

All this together amounts to one hundred and
feventy pounds.

In the next place, I muft defire you to repre-

fent,



22 DEAN SWIFT's

fent, that there are feveral of my friends yet liv-
ing, whom I defign, God willing, to outlive, in
confederation of legacies ; out of which it is a
doctrine in the Reformed Church, that not a
farthing (hall be allowed to fave their fouls who
gave them.

There is one * * * *, who will die within thefe
few months, with ******, O ne Mr Jervas, who
hath grievoufly offended, in making the likenefs
of almoft all things in heaven above, and in earth
below j and one Mr Gay, an unhappy youth,
who writes paftorals during the time of divine
fervice ; whofe cafe is the more deplorable, as he
hath miferably lavifhed away all that filver he
fhould have referved for his foul's health, in but-
tons and loops for his coat.

I cannot pretend to have thefe people honeftly
faved, under fome hundred pounds, whether you
confider the difficulty of fuch a work, or the ex-
treme love and tendernefs I bear them, which
will infallibly make me pufli this charity as far as
I am able. There is but one more, whofe falvn-
tion I infift upon, and then I have done : But
indeed it may prove of ,fo much greater charge
than all the reft, that I will only lay the cafe be-
fore you and the miniftry, and leave to their pru-
dence and generofity, what fum they fliall think
fit to beftow upon it.

The perfon I mean, is Dr Swift, a dignified
clergyman ; but one, who, by his own confeffion,
has compofed more libels than fermons. If it be

true,



CORRESPONDENCE. 23

true, what I have heard often affirmed by inno-
cent people, That too much wit is dangerous to
falvation, this unfortunate gentleman muft cer-
tainly be damned to all eternity. But I hope his
long experience in the world, and frequent cori-
verfation with great men, will caufe him (as it has
fome others) to have lefs and lefs wit every day.
Be it as it will, I fhould not think my own foul
deferved to be faved, if I did not endeavour to
fave his ; for I have all the obligations in nature
to him. He has brought me into better company
than I cared for ; made me merrier, when I was
fick, than I had a mind to be, and put me upon
making, poems, on purpofe that he might alter
them, &c.

I once thought I could never have difcharged
my debt to his kindnefs ; but have lately been in-
formed, to my unfpeakable comfort, that I have
more than paid it all. For Monf. de Montagne
has allured me, " That the perfon, who receives
" a benefit, obliges the giver :" For fince the
chief endeavour of one friend, is to do good to
the other ; he who adminifters both the matter
and occafion, is the man who is liberal. At this
rate it is impoffible Dr Swift fhould be ever out
of my debt, as matters Hand already : And for
the future, he may expect daily more obligations
from his moft faithful, affectionate, humble fer-
vant, A. POPE.

I have finifhed the Rape of the Lock ; but I be-
lieve I may ftay here till Chriftmas, without hin-
derance of bufmefs.

LET.



24 D E A N S W I F T's

LETTER CLXXVL

DR SWIFT TO DR STERNE, BISHOP OF DROMORE.

MY LORD, London^ Dec. 19, 1713.

I HAVE two letters from you to acknow-
ledge, one of the fifth," and the other of
the eleventh inftant. I am very glad it lies in
my way to do any fervice to Mr Worral *, and
that his merits and my inclinations agree fo well.
I wrote this poft to Dr Syne, to admit him. I
am glad your Lordfhip thinks of removing your
palace to the old, or fome better place. I wifh
I were near enough to give my approbation ;
and if you do not chufe till fummer, I {hall,
God willing, attend you. Your fecond letter
is about Dr Marfh, who is one I always loved,
and have fhewn it lately, by doing every thing
he could defire from a brother. I Ihould be
glad, for fome reafons, that he would get a re-
commendation from the Lord Lieutenant, or
at leaft that he be named. I cannot fay more
at this diftance, but afiure him, that all due
care is taken of him. 1 have had an old Tcheme,
as your Lordfhip may remember, of dividing the
bifhoprics of Kilmore and Ardagh f. I advifed
i it

* See note preceding the firft letter to Mr Worral in this
colleftion.

f Theie fees were then vacant, and were granted the month
following- to the Lord Lieutenant's chaplain, Dr Godwyn.



CORRESPONDENCE. 25

it many months ago, and repeated it lately ; and
the Queen and mihiftry, I fuppofe, are fallen
into it. I did likewife lay very earneflly before
proper perfons, the juftice, and indeed neceffity,
of chufing to promote thofe of the kingdom ;
which advice has been hearkened to, and I hope
will be followed. I would likewife fay fomething
in relation to a friend of your Lordfliip's ; but
I can only venture thus much, that it was not
to be done, and you may eafily guefs the reafons.
I know not who are named among you, for
the preferments ; and, my Lord, this "is a very
nice point to talk of, at the diftance I am. I
know a perfon there, better qualified, perhaps,
than any that will fucceed. But, my Lord, our
thoughts here are, that your kingdom leans too
much one way ; and, believe me, it cannot do
fo long, while the Queen and adminiftration here
at upon fo very different a foot. This is more
than I care to fay ; and I will for once venture
to ftep farther, than, perhaps, difcretion fhould
let me, that I never faw fo great a firmnefs in
the Court, as there now is, to purfue thofe mea-
fures upon which this miniftry began, whatever
fome people may pretend to think to the contrary:
And were certain objections, made againft fome
perfons we both know, removed, I believe I
might have been inftrumental to the fervice of
fome, whom I much efteem. Pick what you
can out of all this, and believe me to be ever
your's, &c.

VOL. XV. C LET-



26 DEAN SWIFT 's

LETTER CLXXVIL

LORD PRIMATE LINDSAY TO DR SWIFT.

S I R, December 26, 1713.

YOUR's of December the 8th I have re-
ceived, and have obeyed your commands ;
but am much troubled to find, that the trade of
doing ill offices is ftill continued. As for my part,
I can entirely clear myfelf, from either writing or
faying any thing to any one's prejudice upon this
occafion * ; and if others have wounded me in
the dark, it is no more than they have done be-
fore : For Archbifhop Tillotfon formerly remem-
bered," that if he fliould hearken to what the Irifh
clergy faid of one another, there was not a man
in the whole country, that ought to be preferred.
We are now adjourned for a fortnight, and
the Commons for three weeks. I hear our Lord
Lieutenant is not well pleafed, that we have ad-
journed fhort of them ; and I fancy the Queen
will not be well pleafed, that the Commons have
had fo little regard to the difpitch of public bu-
flnefs,~as to make fo long an adjournment as
three weeks : And indeed they lately feem to

intimate,

* There was at this time a great difference between the
Houfe of Lords and Commons in Ireland, about the Lord
Chancellor Phipps of that kingdom ; the latter addreffing the
Queen to remove him from his port, and the former addreflinj
in his favour.



C O'R R E S P O N D E N C E. 27

intimate, that if the Lord Chancellor * is not
removed by that time, they will give her Majeity
no more money ; and fome of them do not ftick
to fay as much ; and think it a duty incumbent
on, the Crown, to turn out that minifter (how in-
nocent foever he be) whom the Commons have
addrejded againft.

I think it is plain to any who know the ftate of
affairs here, that no party hath ftrength enough
direclly to oppofe a money bill in this kingdom,
when the government thinks fit to exert itfelf, as
to be fare it always will do upon fuch occailons :
And the half-pay officers, no doubt, will readily
come in to that fupply, out of which they are to
receive their pay. But fhould all fail, yet the
Queen ftill may make herfelf eafy, by difbanding
two or three regiments, and finking off fome un-
necefTary penfions.

Hobbes, in his E ^hemoth, talks of a heighth
in time as well as place j and if ever there was a
heighth in time here, it is certainly now : For
fome men feem to carry things higher, according
to their poor power, than they did in England in
1641. And now they threaten, (and, I am pretty-
well afliired, have refolved upon it) that if the
Chancellor is not difcarded, they will impeach
him before the Lords in England. But if they
have no more to fay againft him, than what
their addrefs contains, I think they will go upon
no very wife errand. I queflioii not but that
C 2 you

* Sir Conftantine Phipps.



28 D E A N S W I F T's

you will receive the votes, addreffes, and repre-
fentations of both Houfes from other hands, and
therefore I have not troubled you with them :
But if the Parliament fliali continue to fit, you
may expect a great product of that kind; for
the Commons have taken upon themfelves to be
a court of judicature, have taken examinations
out of the Judges hands about murder, (which
is treafon here) without ever applying to the
government for them ; and, before trial, have
voted the fherifFs and officers to have done their
duty, and acquitted themfelves well, when pofli-
bly the time may yet come, that fome may ftill
be hanged for that fact; which, in my poor opi-
nion, is entirely destructive of liberty, and the
freedom of elections. I am your moft humble
fsrvant, &c.



LETTER CLXXVI1I.

TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF DUBLIN *.

MY LORD, London, Dec. 31, 1713.

YOUR Grace's letter, which I received but
laft poft, is of an earlier date thin what
have fmce arrived. We have received the ad-
clrefs for removing the Chancellor, and the
counter addreffes from the Lords and Convo-
cation ; and you will know, befoie this reaches

you,

* Dr William King.



CORRESPONDENCE. 29

you, our fentiments of them here. I am at a
lofs what to fay in this whole affair. When
I writ to you before, I dropt a word, on pur-
pofe for you to take notice of; that our Court
feemed refolved to be very firm in their refolu-
tions about Ireland. I think it impoffible for
the two kingdoms to proceed long upon a diffe-
rent fcheme of politics. The controverfy with
the city I am not maiter of: It took its rife be-
fore I ever concerned jmyfelf with the affairs of
Ireland, farther than to be an mftrument of do-
ing fome fervices to the kingdom, for which I
Lave been ill requited. But, my Lord, the
queftion with us here, is, whether there was a
neceffity that the other party fhould be a majori-
ty ? There was put into my hands, a lift of your
Houfc of Commons, by fome who know the
kingdom well : I deilred they would (as we of-
ten do here) fet a mark on the names of thofe
who would be for the mininry. I found they
amounted to 243 ; which, I think, comes with-
in feven of an equality. Twenty names befidc
they could not determine upon : So that, fuppofe



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