Jonathan Swift.

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fon or parfons particularly. I often advifcd you
to get fome knowledge of tythes, and church-
livings. You muft learn the extent of your pa-
rifh, the general quantity of arable land and pa-
flure in vour parHh, the common rate of tythes
for an acre of the feveral forts of corn, and of
fleeces and lambs, and to fee whether you have


.* In tfie County of Corke. f Dr Peter Browne.


any glebe. Pray ac"l like a man of th's world. I
doubt, being to far off, you mult not let your liv-
ing, as I do, to the feveral farmers, but to one
m.m : But, by all means, do not now let it for more
than one year, till you are furely apprifed of the
real worth ; and even then, never let it for above
three. Pray take my advice for once, and be
very bufy while you are there. It is one-good
circumftance, that you got fuch a living in a con-
venient time, and juft when tythes are fit to be
let ; only wool and lamb are due in Spring, or
perhaps belong to the late incumbent. You
may learn all on the fpot, and your neighbour-
ing parfons may be very ufefui, if they pleaie ;
but do not let them be your tenants. Advife
with Archdeacon Wall, but do not follow him in
all things. Take care of the principal (quire or
Tq-iires ; they will all tell you the worft of your
living ; fo will the prodTjrs and tythe-job'oers ;
but you will pick out truth from among them.
Pray (hew yourfelf a man of abilities. After
all, I am but a weak brother myfclf ; perhaps
fome clergy in Dublin, who know that country,
will further inform you. Mr Townlhend of
Cork,-, will do you any good offices on my ac-
count, without any letter. lake the oaths

heartily to the Powers that be, and remember
that party was not made for depending puppies.
I forgot one principal tning, to take care of going
regularly through all the forms of oaths and in-
1 i. 2 Uuctions *

37" DEAN S W I F T's

duclions ; for the leaft wrong ftep will put yoa
to the trouble of repaffing your patent, or void-
ing your living.*



June 29, 1725.

I WRIT to you yefterday, and faid as many
things as I could then think on, and gave it
to a boy of Keils, who brought me your's. It is
ftrange, that I, and Stella, and Mrs Mackfadin,
fliould light on the fame thought, to advife you
to make a great appearance of temperance, while
you are abroad. But Mrs Johnfon and I go
further, and fay, you muft needs obferve all
grave forms, for the want of which, both you
and I have fuffered. On fuppofal that you are
under the Bifhop of Corke, I fend you a letter
inclofed to him, which I deflre you will feal. Mrs
Johnfon put me in mind to caution you, not to
drink or pledge any health in his company ; for
you know his weak fide in that matter *. 1 hope
Mr Tickell has not complimented you with what
fees are due to him for your patent. I wifh yoij
would fay to him, (if he refufes them), that I


* He wrote a pamphlet againft drinking to the memory of
the dead.


told you,' it was Mr Addifon's maxim, to excufe
nobody -, for here, f.tys he, I may have forty
friends, whofe fees m.iy be two guineas a-piece ;
then i lofe eighty guineas, and my friends fave
but two a-piece.

I muft tell you, Dan. Jackfon ruined his living,
by hud-iling over the tirft year, and then hop-
ing to mend it the next. Tuerefore pray take
all the care you can, to enquire into the value^
and fet it at the bcit rate to iubitantial people.

I know not whether you are under the Bifhop
of Corke, or no ; if not, you may burn the

I mufl defire, that you will not think of en-
larging your expences, no not for fome years to
come, much lefs at preferit, but rather retrench,
them. You might have lain deftitute till Anti-
chrift came, for any thing you could have got
from thofe you ufed to treat. Neither let me
hear of one rag of better deaths for your wife or
brats, but rather plainer thuui ever. This is po-
fitivv-'ly Stella's advice, as well as mine. She lays,
now, you need not be ailiamed to be thought

We compute, you cannot be lefs than thirty-
days abfent ; and pray do not employ your time
in lolling a-b.\l till noon to read Homer, but
mind our buimefs effectually. And we think
you ought to have no breaking up this An; ;
but a (Tuft to adhere to your fchool defer than
ever ; becaufe you will find, that your ill-wimers
I i 3 will.

378 D E A N S W I F T's

will g've out, you are now going to quit your
fchool, fince you have got preferment, &c.

Pr;w fend me a large bundle of exercifes, good
as well as bad ; for I want fomething to read.

I would have you carry down three or four
fermons, and preach every Sunday at your own
church, and be very devout.

I fent you, in my lafl, a bill of twenty pounds
on Mr Worral * ; I hope you have received it.

Pray remember to leave the pamphlet with
Worral, and give him directions, unlefs you
have fettled it already fome other way. You
know, it muft come out juft when the parlia-
ment meets.

Keep thofe letters, where I advife you about
your living, till you have taken advice.

Keep very regular hours, .for the fake of your
health and credit ; and where-ever you lie a
night within twenty miles of your livings, be
fure call the family that evening to prayers.

I defire you will wet no commiffion with your
old crew, nor with any but thofe who befriend
you, as Mr Tickell, &c.


* The Rev. Mr John Worral, Vicar to the Bifhop of Kildarc,
as Dean of Ciiri. ..-church ; as alfo the Dean of St. Patrick's.



MY LORD, J^h !>>

I AM obliged to return your Excellency,, my
moffc humble th.inics, for your favour to Mr
Sheridan ; becaufe, when I recommended him to
you, I received a very gracious anfwer : And yet
I am fenfible, that your chief motive to make
fome provifion for him, was, what became a great
and good perfon, your diftinguiming him as a
man of learning, and one who deferved encou-
ragement, on account of his great diligence and
fuccefs in a moft laborious and difficult employ-
ment *.

Since your Excellency hath had an opportu-
nity, fo early in your government, of gratifying
your Englim dependents by a bimoprick, and
the beft deanry in the kingdom -f- ; I cannot but
hope, that the clergy of Ireland will have their
fhare* in your patronage. There is hardly a gen-
tleman in the nation, who hath not a near alli-
ance with fome of that body , and moft of them
who have fons, ufually breed one of them to
the church; although they have been of late
years much difcouraged, and difcontentsd, by
feeing Grangers to the country almoft perpetually
taken into the greateft eccltiiaftiad preferments,

* A fchoolmafter. f Downc.


an I too often under governors very different
from your Excellency ; tiie choice of perions
was not to be accounted for, either to prudence
or juftice.

The misfortune of having biiliops perpetually
from England, as it muft needs quench the
fpirit of emulation among us, to excel in learn-
ing, and the ftudy of divinity; fo it produce th
another great difcouragement, that thofc prelates
tifually draw after them, colonies of "Ions, ne-
phews, coufins, or old college-companions, to
whom they beftow the bcft preferments in their
gift ; and thus the young men ient into the
church from the univerfity here, have no better
profpect, than to be curates, or fmail country-
vicars, for life.

It will become fo excellent a governor as you,
a little to moderate this great partiality ; where-
in, as you will aft with juftice and reafon, fo
you will gain the thanks and prayers of the
w'ole nation, and take away one great cauie of
univerfal difcontrnt. For 1 believe yo <r Excel-
lency will agree, that there is not another king-
dom in Europe, where the natives (even thcfe
dcfcended from the conquerors; have been treat-
ed, as if they were almoft unqualified for any:
employment, either in church or Hate.

Your Excellency, when I had the honour to
attend you, was pleafed to let me ^ name lorne
clergymen, who are generally underftocul bjr
their brethren to be the moil diftinguifhcd for



their learning and piety. I remember the per-
fons were, Dr Ddany, Dr Ward of the North,
Mr Ecklin, Mr Synge of Dublin, and Mr Cor-
bet. They were named by me without any re-
gard to friencHhip, having little commerce with
moft of them, but only to the univerfal charac-
ter they bear. This was the method I always
took with my Lord Oxford, at his own com-
mand ; who was pleafed to believe I would not
be fwayed by any private affecYions, and con-
felTed I never deceived him ; for I 'always dealt
openly, when I offered any thing in behalf of a
friend, which was but feldom : Becaufe, in that
cafe, I generally made ufe of the common me-
thod at court, to folicit by another.

I (hall fay nothing of the young men among
the clergy ; of whom the three hopefulleft are
faid to be, Mr Stopford, Mr King, and Mr Dobbs,
all fellows of the college * ; of whom I am only
acquainted with the firft. But thefe are not
likely to be great expe&ers under your Excellen-
cy's admimftration, according to the ufual period
of governors here.

If I have dealt honeftly, in reprefenting fuch
perfons among the clergy as are generally allow-
ed to have the mod merit, I think I have done
you a fervice ; and I am lure I have made you
a great complfment, by diftinguilhing you from
moft great men I have known thefe thirty years
paft ; whom I have always obfcrved to aft, as

The univcrfity of Dubl/n.

3 82 D E A N S W I F T's

if they never received a true character, nor had
any value for the b^ft, and confequemly dif-
penled thefr favours without the leaft regard to
abilities or virtue. And this defect I have often
found, among thofe from whom I leafi: expeled

That your Excellency irny long live a blefling
and ornament to your country, by purfuing, as
you have hitherto done, the fteps of honour
and virtue, is the moft earneft wilh and prayer


Your Excellency's moft obedient
and mod humble fervant,


L'Abbe des FOUNTAINES * a Monfieur SWIFT.

A Paris , le 4 Jiiillet^ 1725.

J'AT 1'honneur, monfieur, de vous envoyer la
2de edition de votre ouvrage, que j'ai traduit
en Fi\iu9ois. Je vous aurois envoy e la premiere,


* Peter Francis Guyet des Fountaines, born at Roan in
Normandy, xpth June, 1685. He enteied into the fnc'icty of
the Jefuits in 1700; but quitted it fixteen years after. He
lived tor fome \ears with the Cardinal d'Auvcrgne, and died
at Paris, i6th December 1743 ; being wetl known for feveral
works, and particularly for his Objcrvatiani Jur Ics ccrili mt~
dernti, ia a gieat number of volumes.


fi JL- n' avois pas etc oblige, pour des raifons, que
je ne puis vous dire, d'inicrer dans Li preface un
endroit, dont vous p'auriez pas cu lieu d'etre con-
tent, ce que j'ai mis afflirc-incnt malgre moi.
Comme le livre s'eft dcbite fns contradiction,
ces r.iifons ne fubdftent plus, et j'ai auifitot fup-
prhne cet endroit d.uis la 2de -.dition, comme
vous.vcrrcz. j'ai aufii corrige 1'endi oit cie aion-
Geur Larteret, fur iequei j'.ivois eu de faux me-
mo ; rcs. Yous trouM-rez, monfieur, en beaucoup
d'cn.lroits une traduction pcu fideie ; mais tout
ce qui plait en Anglcrerre, n'a pas ici ie nieine
agrement ; foit parce que les moeurs font difle-
rentes, foit parceque que les allulions et ies aile-
gories, qui font feniibles Jans une p;iys, ne -les
font pas dans une aucrc ; foit enfin parce que le
gout ue deux nations n'eft pas le mtme. j'ai
voulu donner aux Francois un livre, qui fut a
leur ufage : Voila ce qui m' a rendu traducteur
libre et peu fidele. j'ai meme pris la liDcrte
d'ajouter, feton que votre imagination eft echauf-
foit la mienne. C'eft a vous leul, moniieur, que
je fuis redevable de 1'honneur, que me fait cctte
tradudlion, qui u etc debitce icy' avec une rapi-
dite etonnante, et done il y'a deja trois editions.
Je fuis penetre d'une fi grande eltaije pour vous,
et je vous fuis fi oblige, qui ii la lupprcilion, que
j'ai faite, ne vous fatisfait pas entierement, je
fairai volontiers encore d'avantage pour e^acer
jufqu'au fouvenir de cet eiun oit de la preface :
Au furplus jc vous fupplie, moniieur, de vouioir



bien faire attention a la juftice, que je TOUS ai
rendu Jans la meme preface.

On le flatte, monfieur, qu'on aura bien t6t
1'honneur de vous porTeder ici. Tous vos amis
vous attendcnt avec impatience. On ne parle ici
vous voir. Ne deferres, pas ndtre fatisfac"tion :
Vous verrez un peuple, qui vous eftime infine-
ment. En attendant je vous demande, monfieur,
1'honneur de vJtre amitie^et vous prie d'etre per-
fuade, que perfonne ne vous honore plus que
moi, ct n'eit avec plus de consideration et d'elli-
me, votre tres humble, et tres obeiiTint ferviteur,
L'Abbe des FOUMTA1NES.

Mr Arbuthnott a bien voulii
fe charger de vous faire
tenir cette lettre avec 1'ex-
emplaire, que j'ai 1'hon-
neur des vous envoycr.



IL y a plus d'un mois que j'ay recue votre let-
tre du 4. de Juillet, Monfieur,;- mais 1'exem-
plaire de 2de edition de votre ouvrage ne m'a
pas etc encore remis. J'ay lu la preface de la pre-
miere ; et vous me permettrez de vous dire, que
j'ay etc fort furpris d'y voir, qu'en me donnant
i ^ pour


pour patrie un pais, dans lequel je fuis ne, vous
ayes trouve a propos de m'attribuer un livre,
qui porte le nom de fon auteur, qui a eu le mal-
heur de deplaire a quelques uns de nos miniftres,
et qui je n'ay jamais avoue. Cette plainte, qui
je fais de votre conduite a mon egard, ne m'em-
peche pas de vous rendre juilice. Les traduc-
teurs donnent pour la plupart des louangcs ex-
ceflives aux ouvrages, qu'ils traduifent, et s'ima-
ginent peut etre, que leur reputation depend en
quelque fa$on de celles des auteurs, qu'ils ont
choifis. Mais vous avez fenti vos forces, qui
vous mettent au deflus de pareilles precautions.
Capable de corriger un mnuvais livre, enterprife
plus difficile, que celle d'en compofer un bon,
vous n'avez pas craint de donner au public
la tradution d'un ouvfage, que vous aflurez
etre plein de pollifoneries, de fottifes, de pueri-
lites, &c. Nous convepons icy, que le gout des
nations n'eft pas toujours le merne. Mais nous
fommes portes a croire, que le bon gout eft
mcme le par tout, ou 51 y a des gens d'efprit, de
jugement et de fcavoir. Si done les livres du
Sieur Gulliver ne font calcules que pour les ifles
Brittanniqucs, ce voyageur doit pafTer pour un
tres pitoyable ecrivain. Les m mes vices et le
memes follies regnent par tout, du moins, dans
tous les pais civilifes de TEurope : Et 1'auteur,
qui n'ecrit que pour une ville, une province, un
royaume ou mcme un fiecle, merite fi peu d'etre
traduit, qu'il ne merite pas d'etre lu.

VOL. XV. K k Les

386 DEAN S W I F T's

Les partifans de ce Gulliver, qui ne laifTent
pas d'etre en fort grand nombre chez nous, fou-
tiennent, que fon livre durera autant que notre
langage, parce qu'il ne tire pas fon meritc de cer-
taines modes ou manieres de penfer et de parler,
mais d'une fuite d'obfervations fur les imperfec-
tions, les follies, et les vices de 1'homme.

Vous jugez bien, que les gens, dont je viens
tie vous parler, n'approvent pas fort votre cri-
tique, et vous ferez fans doute furpris de fca-
voir, qu'ils regardent ce chirurgien de vaifleau,
comme un auteur grave, qui ne fort jamais de fon
ferieux, qui n'emprunte aucun fard, qui ne fe
pique point d'avoir de 1'efprit, et qui fe contente
de communiquer au public dans une narration
iimple et native les avantures, qui lui font ar-
rivees, et les chofes, qu'il a vu ou entendu dire
pendant fes voyages.

Quant a 1'article qui regarde my Lord Carte-
ret, fans m'informer d'on vous tirez vos me-
moires, je vous diray, que vous n'avez ecrit que
la moitie de la verite ; et que ce Drapier ou reel
ou fuppofc a fauve I'Irelande, en mettant toute
la nation contre uri projet, que devoit enrichir
au depenfe du public un certain nombre de par-

Plufieurs accidens, qui font arrive, m'empe-
cheront de faire le voyage de France prefente-
ment, et je ne fuis plus aflez jeune pour me flat-
ter de retrouver une autre occalum. Je fcais,
que j'ay perdu beaucoup, et je fuis tres fenfible a



eette pcrte. L'unique confolation, qui me refte,
c'eft de fonger, quc j'en fupporteray mieux la
pais, au quel la fortune m'a condamne. Je fuis,



London, July 24, 1725.

MR Ford will tell you how I do, and what
I do. Tired with fufpence, the only
infupportable misfortune of life, I defired, after
nine years of autumnal promifes and vernal ex-
cufes, a decifion ; and very little cared what that
decifion was, provided it left me a liberty to fettle
abroad, or put me on a foot of ' living agreeably
at home. The wifdom of the nation has thought
fit, inftead of granting fo reafonable a requeft,
to pafs an aft, which, fixing my fortune un-
alterably to this country, fixes my perfon here
alfo ; and thofe, who had the leaft mind to fee
me in England, have made it impoflible for me
to live any where elfe. Here I am then two-
thirds reftored, my perfon fafe, (unlefs I meet
hereafter with harder treatment, than even that
of Sir Walter Pialeigh), and my eftate, with all
the other property I have acquired, or may ac-
quire, fecured to me. But the attainder is kept
carefully and prudently in force, left fo corrupt
K k 2 a


a member fhould come again into the Houfe of
Lords, and his bad leaven fhould four that
fvveet, untainted mafs. Thus much 1 thought
I might fay about my private affairs, to an old
friend, without diverting him too long from his
labours to promote the advantage of the church
and ftate of Ireland ; or, from his travels into
thofe countries of giants and pigmies, from
whence he imports a cargo * I value at an high-
er rate than that of the richeft galeon. Ford
brought the dean of Deny f to fee me. Unfor-
tunately for me, I was then out of town ; and
the journey of the former into Ireland, will per-
haps defer, for fome time, my making acquaint-.
ance with the other ; which I am forry for. I
would not by any means lofe the opportunity of
knowing a man, who can efpoufe in good earneft
the fyftem of father Mallebranche, who is- fond of
going a miffipnary into the Weft-Indies ;f. My
zeal for the propagation of the Gofpel, will hard-

* This is very obfcure : Gulliver was not then publifhed.
Perhaps Berkeley brought BoKngtroke a copy of the MS. For-
mer, I fnppofe, is Swift, called an old friend : Otktr, is Berkeley ;
but the nominative cafe is fo remote, that former and other icarce
make the fenfe intelligible.. This letter is dated in 171.5;
Gulliver's Travels were firfl publiihcd in 1726.

f Dr Berkeley.

t Dr Berkeley formed a defign of fixing an univerfity in the
Bermudas, for the improvement of our colonies, and the edu-
cation of Indians, to be employed as mifGonaries among their
countrymen. For this college he obtained a charter, in which
he was appointed prefident, and a certain number of fellows,



ly carry me fo far ; but my fpleen againft Europe
has, more than once, made me think of buying
the dominion of Bermudas, and fpending the
remainder of my days, as far as pofiible, from
thofe people, with whom I have pafled the firft
and greatetl part of my life. Health, and every
other natural comfort of life, is to be had there.
As to imaginary and artificial pleafures, we are
philofophers enough to defpife them. What fay
you ? Will you leave your Hibernian flock to
fome other fhepherd, and tranfplant yourfelf
with me into the middle of the Atlantic ocean ?
We will form a fociety more reafonable, and
more ufeful, than that of Dr Berkeley's College :
And I promife you folemnly, as fupreme magi-
ftrate, not to fuffer the currency of Wood's half-
pence ; nay, the coiner of them fhall be hanged,
if he prefumes to fet his foot on our ifland.

K k 3 Let

felefted by himfclf, were incorporated ; but the defign mifcar-
ried for want of money. The fyftem.of Malle'oranche here re-
ferred to, was, " That our ideas are diftinl from our under-
flanding^ and that we fee all things in God." In other words,,
that material objects are not the caufes of our ideas. Berkeley,
in the early part of his life, wrote a difi'ertation againft the
exigence of material beings, and external objects, with fuch
fubtilty, that Wbifton acknowledged himfelf unable to coufute
it, and recommended the tafk to Dr Clarke. The Doclor,
however, did not perform it ; and the diflertation remains un-
anfwered to this time, except what has been attempted by
Baxter, in his Trcatife on the Soul.

Bayle fays, that Mallcbranche's fyflem was only that of De -
mocritus, amended and unfolded.

See a larther account of Dr Berkeley, in a letter from Swiff
to Lo:d Carteict, dated September 3d, 1724, lately published,
in two pofihunious volumes by Mr Dcane Swift.


Let me hear how you are, and what you do ;
and if you really have any latent kindnefs flill at
the bottom of your heart for me, fay fomething
very kind to me, for I don't diflike being cajoled.
If your heart tells you nothing, fay nothing,
that I may take the hint, and wean myfelf from
you by degrees. Whether I fhall compafs it or
no, God knows : But, furely this is the propereft
place in the world, to renounce friendfhip in, or
to forget obligations. Mr Ford fays, he will be
with us again by the beginning of the Winter.
Your Star * will probably hinder you from tak-
ing the fame journey. Adieu, dear Dean. I
had fomething more to fa to you, almoft as
important as what I have faid already ; but com-
pany comes in upon me, and relieves you.



REV. SIR, Dover-ftreet, July 26, 1725.

MR Clayton going to Ireland, I take the
opportunity of writing to you ; in the
firft place to tell you, that I am ready to make
good my promife, which I made, of fending you
a picture of my father. The painter has done
his part, fo that the picture is now ready ; but I


* Mrs Johnfon, the Lady whom he celebrated by the name
of Stella.


do not know how to fend it to you fafe. You
did tell me a gentleman rtiould call ; where he
lives, or who he is, I know not. I am very
defirous you fliould have it, becaufe it ,has been
fo long coming ; and I am very ambitibus of do-
ing any thing that may in the leaft be agreeable
to you. You had heard of this fooner, but I
have been for three months out of town; I made
a long progrefs, even beyond Edinburgh fifty

I enquire of you fometimes of Dean Berkeley *:
I was forry to hear that you were troubled with
that melancholy diftemper, the want of hearing,
although in fome cafes it is good ; but one would
have it in one's power to hear, or not hear, as
it fuits beft with one's inclinations.

I am alfo forry that there is no mention made
of any defign of your coming into England. I
tong much for it, and do natter myfelf with the
thoughts of feeing you under my roof, where
you fhall execute more authority than I will allow

to belong to any bifhops made fince. Do not

lay afide all thoughts of coming over ; change of
air may do you good, as well as the voyage. I
thank God your fifter is very well, confidering
the way ilie is in ; I hope in two months, or
thereabouts, fhe will be much better : She pre-
fents her humble fervice to you. Peggy is very


* Dr Beikelcy \vas then Dean of Deny.

392 DEAN S W I F T's

Pope is well, I fuppofe ; he is rambling about
the country. I have the pleafure of feeing a
picture, which is very like you, every day, and is
as good a picture as ever Jarvis painted. I am,
Sir, your moft obedient humble fervant and
brother, OXFORD.



REV. SiR, Dover-JIreet, dug. 30, 1725.

I RECEIVED the favour,of your letter ; I am
vexed that the trifle of the ring fliould not
have reached you. I found where the fault lay j
I hope you will foon receive both the picture and
the ring fafe : 1 have ordered them to the care
of Erafmus Lewis, Efq; our old friend ; and he
is a punctual man, and is well acquainted with
Mr Ford, and my Lord Arran's chaplain, Mr

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