Jonathan Swift.

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mined not to go to Ireland, to find her juft dead
or dying. Nothing but extremity coukl make me
fo familiar wirh thofe terrible words, applied to
, fuch a dear friend. Let her know, I have bought
her a repeating gold watch, for her eafe in Win-
ter nights. I defigned to have furprifed her with
it ; but now I would have her know it, that (he
may fee how my thoughts are always to make her
eafy. I am of opinion, that there is not a greater
folly, than to- contract too great and intimate a
friendfhip, which rauft always leave the furvivor
miferable. On the back of Brereton's note, there
was written, the account of Mrs Johnfon's fick-
r.efs. Pray, in your next, avoid that miftake,
and leave the backfide blank. When you have
read this letter twice, and retain what I defire,
pray burn it ; and let all I have faid, lye only in
your own bread. Pray write every week. I
have (till I know further) fixed on Auguft the
I5th, to fet out for Ireland. I fhall continue or
alter my meafures, according to your letters.

Pray tell Mr Dobbs, of the college, that I re-
ceived his letter, but cannot pofiibly anfwer it,
which I certainly would if I had materials. As
to what you fay about promotion, you will find
it was given immediately to Maule, as I am told ;



and I allure you I had no offers, nor would
accept them. My behaviour to thofe in power,
hath been directly contrary, fince I came here. I
had rather have good news from you, than Can-
terbury, though it were given me upon my own


LORD BOLINGBROKE to the Three Yahoos of
and JOHN *.

Mojl Excellent Triumvirs of ParnaJJ"us y
T1 HOUGH you are probably very indiffe-

i rent where I am, or what I am doing ;
yet I refolve to believe the contrary. I perfuade
myfelf, that you have fent at leaft fifteen times
within this fortnight to Dawley f farm, and
that you are extremely mortified at my long
filence. To relieve you therefore from this great
anxiety of mind, I can do no lefs than write a few
lines to you ; and I pleafe myfelf before-hand,
with the -vaft pleafure which this epiftle muft
needs give you. That I may add to this pleafure,
and give you further proofs of my beneficent
temper, I will likewife inform you, that I fliall be
in youi* neighbourhood again by the end of next

week ;

John Gay.

f The country refidence of Lord Bolingbrokc, near Cranford
in Middlefex.

43'o D E A N S W I F T's

week ; by which time I hope that Jonathan's
imagination of- bufinefs, will be fucceeded by ibmc
imagination more becoming a profefibr" of that
divine fcience, la bagatelle. Adieu, Jonathan,
Alexander, John ! Mirth be with you.

From the Batiks of the Sever n t
, 1726.



GOOD DOCTOR, London, July 8, 1726.

I HAVE had two months of great uneafinefs,
at the ill account of Mrs Johnfon's health ;
and, as it is ufual, feared the worft that was pof-
fible, and doubted all the good accounts that
were fent me. I pray God, her danger may
warn her to be lefs wilful, and more ready to fall
into thofe meafures that her friends and phyfi-
cians advife her to. I had a letter, two days ago,
from Archdeacon Wall, dated fix days before
your's, wherein he gives me a better account than'
you-do ; and therefore I apprehend (he had not
mended fince ; and yet he fays, he can honeftly tell
mejhe is noiv much better. Pray thank the Arch-
deacon, and tell him you are to have a fhare in
this letter ; and therefore I will fave him the
trouble of another. Tell him alfo, that I never



afked for my 1000 1. which he hears I have got ;
though I mentioned it to the Princefs the laft
time I faw her -, but I bid her tell Wai pole *, I
fcorned to ak him for it. But blot out this pzC-
fage, and mention it to no one except the ladies ;
becaufe I know Mrs Johnfon would be pleafed
with it, and I will not write to them till I hear
from them ; therefore this letter is their's, as well
as your's. The Archdeacon further fays, that Mrs
Johnfon has not tafted claret for feveral months,
but once at his houfe. This I diflike. I cannot
tell who is the fourth of your friends, unlefs it
be yourfelf. I am forry for your new laborious
ftudies ; but the beft of it is, they will w/ be your
own another day. I thank you for your new
ftyle, and moft ufeful quotations. I am only con-
cerned, that although you get the grace of the
houfe, you will never get the grace of the town ;
but die plain Sheridan, or Tom at moft, becaufe
it is a fyllable (horter than Doctor. However, I
will give it you at length in the fuperfcription ; and
people will fo wonder how the news could come
and return fo quick to and from England, efpe-
cially if the wind be fair when the packet goes
over ; and let me warn you, to be very careful in
fending for your letters two days after the com-
mencement. You loft one poft, by my being out
of toxvn ; for I came hither to-day, and fhall ftay


* Pir Robert Walpole, afterwards Earl of Oxford. He was
firft Commiflioner of the Treafury, and Chancellor of the Ex-
dicquer. He died in February 1744, in the 71 ft year of his age.


three or four upon fome bufinefs j and then, go
back to Mr Pope's, and there continue till Auguft,
and then come to town, till I begin my journey
to Ireland, which I propofe the middle of Auguft.
My old fervant* Archy is here, ruined and ftarv-
ing, and has purfued me, and wrote me a letter ;
but I have refufed to fee him. Our friend at the
caftle writ to me' two months ago, to have a fight
of thefe papers, &c. of which I brought away a
copy. I have anfwered him, that whatever pa-
pers I have, are conveyed from one place to ano-
ther, through nine or ten hands, and that I have
the key. If he fhould 'mention any thing of pa-
pers in general, either to you or the ladies, and
that you can bring it in, I would have you and
them to confirm the fame ftory, and laugh at my
humour in it, &c. My fervice to Dr Delany,
Dr Helfham, the Grattans, and Jackfons. There
is not fo defpifed a creature here as your friend,
with the foft verfes on children. I heartily pity
him. This is the firft time I was ever weary of
England, and longed to be in Ireland ; but it is
becaufe go I muft ; for I do not love Ireland bet-
ter, nor England, as England, worfe. In fhort,
you all live in a wretched, dirty dog- hole and pri-
fon ; but it is a place good enough to die in. I
can tell you one thing, that I have had the fairefr
offer made me of a fettlement here that one can
imagine, which, if I were ten years younger, I
would gladly accept, within twelve miles of Lon-
don, and in the midft of my friends. But I am




too old for new fchemes, and efpecially fuch as
would bridle me in my freedoms ?nd liberalities.
But fo it is, that I muft be forced to get home,
partly by ftealth, and partly by force. I have
indeed one temptation for this Winter, much
ftronger, which is, of a fine houfe and garden,
and park, and wine-cellar in France, to pafs away
Winter in ; and if Mrs Johnfon were not fo out
of order, I would certainly accept of it * ; and I
wifh ihe could go to Montpellier at the fame time,
You fee I am grown vifionary, and therefore it
is time to have done. Adieu.



7* '726.

I HAVE your's juft now of the ipth ; and
the account you give me, is nothing but
what I have fome time expected with the utmofl
agonies ; and there is one aggravation of con-
ftraint, that where I am, I am forced to put on
an eafy countenance. It at this time the beft
office your friendfhip could do, not to deceive
me. I was violently bent, all laft year, as I believe
you remember, that (he fliould go to Montpellier,
or Bath, or Tunbridge. I intreated, if there was
no amendment, they might both come to Lon-
VOL. XV. O o don.

* Lord Bolingbreke invited the Dean tofpcnd a Winter with
him at his houfe in Fiance, on the Banks of the Loire,
f This was \vrittea ficm Mr Pope's at TXk

434 D E A N S W I F T's

don. But there was a fatality, although I in-
deed think her flamina could not laft much long-
cr t when I faw {he could take no nourifhment.
I look upon this to be the greateft event that can
ever happen to me ; but all my preparations will
not fuffice to make me bear it like a Philofopher,
nor altogether like a Chriftian. There hath been
the moft intimate friendftiip between us from her
childhood ; and the greateft merit on her fide,
that ever was in one human creature towards ano-
ther. Nay, if I were now near her, I would

aot fee her ; I could not behave myfelf tolerably,

and fhould redouble her forrow. Judge in

what a .temper of mind I write this. The very

time I am writing, I conclude the faireft foul ia

the world hath left its body. Confufion ! that

I am this moment cali'd down to a vifitor, when
I am in the country, and not in my power to

deny myfelf. 1 have paiTed a very conftrained

hour, and now return to fay I know not what.
I have been long weary of the world, and fliall,
for my fmall remainder of years, be weary of life ;
having for ever loft that converfation which could

only make it tolerable. 1 fear, while you are

reading this, you will be fhedding tears at her fu-
neral. She loved you well, and a great fhare of
the little merit I have with you, is owing to her

folicitations. 1 writ to you about a week ago*.


* Soon after the date of this letter, the Dean went back to
Ireland ; but Mrs Johnfbn recovering a moderate (late of health,
lie returned again to England, the beginning of the year 1717.



London, dug. 6. 1726.

AT the time that I had your letter, with the
bill, (for which I thank you) I received
another from Dr Sheridan, both full of the me-
lancholy account of our friend. The Doctor ad-
vifes me to go over at the time I intended, which
I now defign to do, and to fet out on Monday the
1 5th from hence. However, if any accident fliould
happen to me, that you do not find me come
over on the firft of September, I would have you
renew my licence of abfence from the fecond of
September, which will be the day that my hali-
ye ( ir will be out ; and fince it is not likely, that
you can anfwer this, fo as to reach me be-
fore I leave London, I dcfirc you will write to
me, directed to Mrs Kenah, in Chefter, where I
defign to fet up, and (hall hardly be there in lefs
than a fortnight from this time ; and if I fliould
then hear our friend was no more, I might pro-
bably be abfent a month or two, in fome parts of
Derbyflure, or Wales. However, you need not
renew the licence till the firft of September ; and,
if I come not, I will write to you from Chefter.
This unhappy aftair is the greateft trial I ever had ;
and I think you are unhappy in having converfed
fo much with that perfon under fuch circumftan-
ccs. Tell Dr Sheridan, I had his letter } but care
O o 2 not


not to anfvver it. I wifh you would give me your
opinion, at Chefter, whether I {hall come over or
no. I {hall be there, God willing, on Thurfday
the 1 8th inftant. This is enough to fay, in my
prefent iltuation. I am, &c.

My humble fervice and thanks to
Mrs Worral, for the care of our
friend, which I fhall never for-


Aug. 22, 1726".

MANY a fhort figh you coft me, the day I
left you ; and many more you will coft
me, till the day you return, I really walked about
like a man banifhed ; and when I came home,
found it no home. 'Tis a fenfation like that of a
limb lopped off; one is trying every minute un-
awares to ufe it, and finds it is not. I may fay
you have ufed me more cruelly, than you have
done any other man; you have made it more
impoffible for me to live at eafe without you.
Habitude itfelf would have clone that, if I had
lefs friendfhip in my nature than I have. Befldes
my natural memory of you, you have made a lo-
cal one, which prefents you to me in every, place
I frequent. 1 {hall never more think of Lord
Cobham's, the woods, of Ciceter, or the pleating

- profpect


profpect of Byberry, but your idea muft be joined
with them ; nor fee one feat in my own garden,
or one room in my own houfe, without a phan-
tom of you, fitting or walking before me. I tra-
velled with you to Chefter ; I felt the extreme heat
of the weather, in the inns, the roads, the con-
finement and clofenefs of the uneafy coach ; and
wifhed, a hundred times, I had either a deanry or
a horfe in my gift. In real truth, I have felt my
foul peevifh ever fince with all about me, from a
warm uneafy defire after you. I am gone out of
myfeif to no purpofe, and cannot catch you. ///-
hint in pedes was not more properly applied to a
poor dog after a hare, than to me with regard to
your departure. I wifh I could think no more of
it, but lie down and fleep till we meet again, and
let that day (how far foever off it be) be the mor-
row. Since I cannot, may it be my amends, that
every thing you wifh may attend you where you
are, and that you may find every friend you have
there, in the ftate you wifh him or her ; fo that
your vifits to us may have no other effect, than
the progrefs of a rich man to a remote eftate,
which he finds greater than he expected ; which
knowledge only llrves to make him live happier
where he is, with no difagreeable profpcct, if ever
he fhould chufe to remove. May this be your
ftate, till it become what I wifh,. But indeed I
cannot exprefs the warmth with which I wifh you
all things, and myfeif you. Indeed you are en-
graved elfewhere than on the cups you fent me,


438 . DEAN S W I F T's

(with fo kind an infcription), and I might throw
them into the Thames without injury to the
gjver. I am not pleafed with them, but take
them very kindly too : And had I fufpecled any
fuch ufage from you, I jfhould have enjoyed your
company lefs than I really did j for/at this rate,
I may fay,

Nee lecum poffum *uivere t nee fine te.
I will bring you over juft fucli another prefent,
when I go to the deanry of St Patrick's,; which I
promife you to do, if ever I am enabled to return
your kindnefs. Donarem pater as, &c. Till then
I'll drink (or Gay fhall drink) daily healths to
you ; and I'll add to your infcription, the old Ro-
man vow for years to come. VOTIS X. VOTIS
XX. My mother's age gives me authority to
hope it for your's. Adieu.


Sept. 3, 1726,

YOUR's to Mr Gay, gave me greater fatif-
faction, than that to me (though that gave
me a great deal) ; for to hear that you were fafe
at your journey's end, exceeds the account of
your fatigues while in the way to it : Otherwife,
believe me, every tittle of each is important to
me, which fets any one thing before my eyes that
happens to you. I writ you a long letter, which
I guefs reached you the day after your arrival.
Since then, I had a conference with Sir ,



who exprefled his defire of having fecn you again
before you left us. He faid, he obferved a wil-
lingnefs in you to live among us ; which I did
not deny ; but at the fame time told him, you
had no fuch defign in your coming this time,
which was merely to fee a few of thofe you loved :
But that indeed all thofe wifhed it, and particu-
larly Lord Peterborow and myfelf, who wifhed
you loved Ireland lefs, had you any reafon to
love England more. I faid nothing but what
I think would induce any man to be as fond of
jjou as I, plain truth, did they know either it or.
you. I can't help thinking (when I confider the
whole fhort lift of our friends) that none of them
except you and I tre qualified for the mountains
of Wales. The Doctor goes to cards. Gay to
court ; one lofes money, one lofes his time : An-
other of our friends labours to be unambitious,
but he labours in an unwilling foil. One Lady
you like, has too much of France to be fit for
Wales : Another is too much a fubjecl to princes
and potentates, to relifh that wild tafte of liberty
and poverty. Mr Congreve 5s too fick to bear a
thin air ; and fhe that leads him, too rich to en-
joy any thing. Lord Peterborow can go to any
climate, but never ftay in any. Lord Bathurft
is too great a hufbandman, to like barren hills,
except they are his own to improve. Mr Bethel
indeed is too good, and too honeft, to live in the '
world ; but yet 'tis fit, for its example, he fliould.
We are lefs to ourfelves in my opinion, and may-
live where we pleafe, in Wales, Dublin, or Ber-
mudas :


DEAN S W I F T's, &c.

mudas : And for me, I afTure you I love the
world fo well, and it loves me fo well, that I
care not in what part of it I pafs the reft of my
days. I fee no fun-fhine, but in the face of a

I had a glimpfe of a letter of your's lately, by
which I find you are (like the vulgar) apter to
think well of people out of power, than of people
in. power-, perhaps 'tis a miftake, but however
there's fomething in it generous. Mr *** takes it
extreme kindly, I can perceive; and he has a
great mind to thank you for that good opinion,
for which I believe he is only to thank his ill for-
tune : For, if I am not in an error, he would
rather be in power than out.

To (hew you how fit I am to live in the moun-
tains, I will, with great truth, apply to inyfelf an
old fentence : " Thofe that are in, may abide in,
" and thofe that are out, may abide out : Yet to
" me, thofe that are in fhall be as thofe that are
4f out , and thofe that are out -iliall be as thofe
" that are in."

I am indifferent as to all thofe matters ^ but I
mifs you as much as I did the firft day, when
(with a fhort figh) I parted. Wherever you are,
(or on the mountains of Wales, or on the coaft
of Dublin,

Tu mihiy feu magni fuperas jam faxa Timai>i t
Sive oram Illyrici legis tequoris J y

I am, and ever (hall be your's, &c.

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