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eight to be of the fame fide, there would be a
majority by one*. But, befides, we reckon that
the firft number, 143, would eafily rife to a
great majority, by the influence of the govern-
ment, if that had been thought fit. This is de-
inonftration to us : For the Government there,
has more influence than the Court -here ; and
yet our Court carried it for many years, againft
C 3



30 D E A N S W I F T's

a natural majority, and a much greater one. I
fhall not examine the reafons among you, for
proceeding otherwife : But your Grace will find,
that we are determined upon the conclufion j
which is, that Ireland muft proceed on the fame
foot with England. I am of opinion, my Lord,
that nothing could do more hurt to the Whig-
party in both kingdoms, than their manner of
proceeding in your Houfe of Commons : It will
confirm the Crown and miniftry, that there can
be no fafety while thofe people are able to give
difturhance : And, indeed, the effects it hath
already produced here, are hardly to be believed.
Neither do we here think it worth our while,
to be oppofed, and encourage our enemies, only
for feventy thoufand pounds a-year; to fupply
which it may not be hai'd to find other expedients.
And, when there {hall be occafion for a pai lia-
ment, we are confident a new one may be called,
with a majority of men in the intereft of the
Queen and church. For, when the prefent
majority pretends to regard either, we look up-
on fuch profeflions to fignify no more, than if
they were penned by my Lord "Wharton or Mr
Molefwovth. I have fuffered very much by my
tendernefs to fome perfons of that party, which
I /till preferve ; but I believe it will not be long
in my power, to ferve thofe who may want it.
It would be endlefs to recount to your Grace, the
reproaches that have been made me on account
of your neighbour.

It



CORRESPONDENCE. 31

It is true, my Lord, we do not care to be
troubled with the affairs of Ireland : But, there
being no war, nor meeting of parliament, we
have leifure at prefent. Betides, we look on our-
felves as touched in the tendereft part. We
know the Whig-party are preparing to attack us
next Seffion ; and their prevailing in Ireland,
would, we think, be a great ftrength and encou-
ragement to them here : Befldes, our remuTnefs
would difhearten our friends, and make them
think we adled a trimming game. There are
fome things which we much wonder at, as they
are represented. The addrefs for removing the
Chancellor, is grounded upon two facts ; in the
former of which he was only concerned with
feveral others : The criminal was poor and peni-
tent, and a noli profequi was no illegal thing. As
to Moor's bufinefs, the Chancellor's fpeech on
that occasion had been tranfmitted hither, and
fcems to clear him from the imputation of pre-
judging. Another thing we wondered at, is, to
find the Commons, in their votes, approve t'u
fending for the guards, by whom a man was
killed. Such a thing would, they fay, look
inonftrous in England.

Your Grace feems to think, they will not
break on money-matters : But we are taught an-
other opinion, That they will not pafs the great
bill, until they have fatisfa^tion about the Chan-
cellor. And what the confequence of that will
be, I fuppofe you may guefs from what you know
by this time.

My



32 DEAN SWIFT's

My Lord, we can judge no otherwife here,
than by the reprefentation made to us. I fiacere-
ly look upon your Grace, to be matter of as much
wifdom and fagacity as any perfon I_have known ;
and from my particular refpecl to you, and your
great abilities, ihall never prefume to ceniure
your proceedings, until I am fully appriled of
the motives. Your Grace is looked on here, as
altogether in the other party, which I do never
allow, when it is laid to me. I conceive you to
follow the dictates of your reafon and conlcicnce ;
and whoever does that, will, in public manage-
ment, often difier, as well from one lide as an-
other.

As to myfelf, I take Ireland to be the worft
place to be in while the parliament fits j and pro-
bably I may think the fame of England in a month
or two. I have few obligations (further than per-
fonal friendlhip and civilities) to any party : I
have nothing to ak for, but a little money to pay
my debts ; which, I doubt, they never will give
me. And, wanting wifdom to judge better, I
follow thofe who I think are for preferving the
conftitution in church and ftate, without examin-
ing whether they do fo rom a principle of virtue
or of intereft, &c. *

LET-



CORRESPONDENCE. 33
LETTER CLXXIX.

LORD PRIMATE LINDSAY TO DR SWIFT.

SIR, January , 1713-14.

YOUR's I received the 2u inftant, and im-
mediately got Mr Juftice Nutley to write to
the biihop of Killaloe *, at Kells, to know of him,
whether, if we could get him tranflated to the
bilhoprick of Raphoe, he would accept of it :
And this day we received his anfwer, that it was
not worth his while, to carry his family fo far
northwards, for fo little advantage as that bi-
fhoprick would bring him ; his own being up-
wards of a thoufand pounds a-year, and Raphoe
not much above eleven hundred. The reafon
why I got Judge Nutley to write, was becaufe I
apprehended it might feem irkfome to him to be
perfuaded by myfelf to accept of what I left ;
though at the fame time I can arTure you, I have
done little more than faved myfelf whole by that
bifhoprick : And he might, if he ple<:fed, in a
little time, have received 1600 1. or 1700!. for
fines ; fo that if this comes time time enough to
your hands, you will prevent any further motion
that way. But if Meath drops, I believe it would
be an acceptable port ; and the truth is, he hath
always, in the worft of times, voted honeftly,
and behaved himfelf as a true fon of the church.

In

* Dr William Lloyd.



34 DEAN SWIFT's

In the mean time, be allured the Judge knows
not that you are concerned in this affair.

There is a gentleman, whom I believe you
muft have heard of, Dr Andrew Hamilton *,
archdeacon .of Raphoe, a man of good learning
and abilities, and one of great intereft in that
country, whom I could wifh you would move
for (fince the bifliop of Killaloe refufeth) to fuc-
ceed me in Raphoe, as one that is the moft
likely to do good in that part of the country, of
any one man I know.

And now be pleafed to accept my thanks for
the great fervices you have done me j and as you
have contributed much to my advancement, fo I
muft defire you, upon occafion, to give me your
farther affiftance for the fervice of the church.

The Parliament is prorogued to the 1 8th in-
ftant ; but the Whigs continuing obftinate, and
deaf to all perfuafions, to carry on the Queen's
bufinefs with peace and gentlenefs, we conclude
it muft be duTolved.

If this fhould not come time enough to your
hands, to prevent the bifhop of Killaloe's letter
for a tranflation to Pvaphoe, I will labour all I
can to make him eafy. I am, &c.

LET-



* Though recommended by the Primate to fucceed him in
the fee of Raphoe, he was not preferred to it ; Dr Edwaid
Synge being then advaiKcd to that bifhoprick.



CORRESPONDENCE. 35
LETTER CLXXX.

THE EARL OF ANGLESEY TO DR SWIFT.

MR DEAN, Dublin, Jan. 16, 1713-14.

YOU judged extremely right of me, that I
fhould, with great pleafure, receive what
you tell me, that my endeavours to ferve her
Majefty, in this kingdom, are agreeable to my
Lord Treasurer, and the reft of the minifters. I
have formerly fo freely exprefied to you the ho-
nour I muft always have for his Lordfhip, that I
think I cannot explain myfelf more fully on that
fubjel. But what his Lordfhip has already done
for the church, and the church intereft here,
and what we have aflurance will foon be done,
will give his Lordfliip fo entire a command in the
affections of all honeft men here, (which are not
a few) that, I am perfuaded, he will foon find
Ireland an eafy part of the adminiftration. For
it is my firm opinion, that fteady and vigorous
meafures will fo ftrengthen the hands of our
friends in both kingdoms, that, after the efforts
of defpair (which never laft long) are over, her
Majefty, and her minifters, will receive but little
trouble from the faction, either on this, or your
fide of the water.

You are very kind to us, in your good offices
for Mr Phipps ; becaufe a mark of favour, fo fea-

fonably



36 DEANSWIFT's

fonably as at this time, conferred on Lord Chan-
cellor's fon, will have a much greater influence,
and reach farther than his Lordfhip's perfon. I
am preparing for my journey, and I hope 1 fhall
be able to lay fuch a ftate of this kingdom before
my Lord Treafurer, as may prevent future difap-
po'intments, when it (hall be thought neceiTary to
hold a parliament. If this parliament is not to
fit after the prefent prorogation, I do think, were
I with you, I could offer fome reafons why the
filling the vacant bifhopricks Ihould be deferred
for a little time. I praife God for his great
goodnefs, in reftoring her Majefty to her health ;
the blcfling of which, if we had no other way of
knowing, we might learn from the mortification
it has given a certain fet of men here.

I fhall trouble you with no compliments, be-
caufe I hope foon to tell you, how much 1 am,
<kar Sir, your's,

ANGLESEY.



LET-



CORRESPONDENCE. 37



LETTER CLXXXI.

The EARL of PETERBOROW, (being abroad in
embaffies) from Sicily, to DR SWIFT.

March 5, 1713-14.

QJJ ERIES forDR SWIFT, next Saturday,
at dinner.

WHETHER any great man, or minifter,
has favoured the Earl of Peterborow
with one (ingle line firice he left England ; for,
as yet, he has not received one word from any
of them, nor his friend of St Patrick ?

Whether, if they do not write, till they know
what to write, he (hall ever hear from them ?

Whether any thing can be more unfortunate,
than to be overcome when ftrongeft, outwitted,
having moft wit, and baffled, having moft money.
Whether betwixt tivo Jlools (Reverend Dean)
be not a good old proverb, which may give fub-
jet for daily meditation and mortification ?

I {end the lazy fcribbler a letter from the ex-
tremities of the earth, where I pafs my time, ad-
miring the humility and patience of that power
heretofore fo terrible ; and the new fcene which
we fee, to wit, the Moft Chriftian King, waiting
with fo much refignation and refpecl, to know
the Emperor's pleafure as to peace or war.

VOL. XV. D Where



3 8 D E A N S W I F T's

Where I reflect, with admiration, upon the po-
litics of thofe, who, breaking with the old allies,
dare not make ufe of the new ones ; who, pulling
down the old rubbifh and ftructure, do not erect
a new fabric on folid foundations. But this is
not fo much to the purpofe ; for in the world of
of the moon, provided loadings continue, the
church and ftate can be in no danger.

But, alas ! in this unmerry country, where we
have time jo think, and are under the neceffity
of thinking ; where impioufly we make ufe of
reafon, without a blind refignation to providence,
the bottle, or chance ; what opinion, think you,
we have of the prefent management in the refined
parts of the world, where there are juft motives
of fear ? When neither fteadinefs nor conduct
appears,' arid when the evil feems to come on
apace, can it be believed, that extraordinary re-
medies are not thought of ?

Heavens ! what is our fata? What might have
been ovfr portion, and what do we fee in the age
we live in ? France- and England, the kings of
Spain and Sicily, perplexed and confounded by
a headftrong youth * ; one, who has loft fo many
kingdoms by pride and. folly j and all thefe
powerful nations at a gaze, ignorant of their cle-
iHny ; not capable of. forming a fcheme, which
they can maintain,' againft a Prince, who has
neither {hips, money, nor conduct. Some of
the minifters affifted and fupported with abfolute

power,

* Charles the Twelfth of Sweden.



CORRESPONDENCE. 39-

power, others with a Parliament at their difpofal,
and the moft inconfiderable of them with the In-
dies at their tail.

And what do I fee in the centre, as it were, of
ignorance and bigotry ? The firft requeft of a
Parliament to their King, is to employ effectual
means againft the increafe of priefts, the idle de-
vourers of the fat of the land. We fee churches,
{hut up by the order of the Pope, fet open by
dragoons, to the general content of the people.
To conclude ; it fell out, that one of our ac-
quaintance * found himfelf, at a great table, the
only excommunicated perfon by his Holinefs ; the
reft of the company eating and toafting, under
anathemas, with the courage of a hardened he-
retic.

Look upon the profe I fend you. See, never-
thelefs, what a fneaking figure he makes at the
foot of the parfon. Who could expect this irorn
him ? But he thinks, refolves, and executes.

If you can guefs from whence this comes, ad-
drefs your letter to him, A MeJJieurs Raffnel et
Ft'etti Sacerdotti, Genoa.

D 2 LET.



* Probably the Rev. Mr George Berkeley, fellow of Dublin-
college, who went chaplain and iecretary to the Earl of Peter-
horow to Sicily, at the recommendation of Dr Swift.



40 DEAN" SWIFT'*



LETTER CLXXXII.

LORD TREASURER OXFORD TO DR SWIFT,
in a counterfeit hand, with a bill j when the
Printer Morphew was profecuted by the Houfe
of Lords, for the Pamphlet, intituled, The Pu-
blic Spirit of the Whigs f.

T A r A u ir C Letter with bill L. 100.
Indorfed thus alfo. <

C Received Mar. 14, 1713-14.

Wednefday Night.

I HAVE heard, that fome honeft men, who
are very innocent, are under trouble, touch-
ing a. printed pamphlet. A friend of mine, an
obfcure perfon, but charitable, puts the inclofed
bill in your hands, to anfwer fuch exigencies, as
their cafe may immediately require. And I find
he will do more, this being only for the prefent.
If this comes fafe to your hands, it is enough.



LET-



f This pamphlet was written in anfwer to a traft of Sir Rich-'
ard Steele's, called the Crifis, and publifhed on the fecond of
March, 1713-14. All the Scots Lords then in London, went
to the Queen, and complained of the affront put on them and
their nation by the author; upon which, a proclamation was
publifhed by her Majefty, offering a reward of three hundred
pounds to difeovcr him.



CORRESPONDENCE. 41



LETTER CLXXXIII.

A Letter from an Informer to LORD TREASURER,
offering todifcover the Author of the Pamphlet,
called, The Public Spirit of the Whigs.

March i8j 1713-14.-

PURSUANT to her Majefty's proclamation
of the fifteenth of this inftant March, for
difcovering the author of a falfe, malicious, and
faaious libel, Intituled, The Public Spirit of the
Whigs ; wherein her Majefty is gracioufly pleafed
to promife a reward of three hundred pounds > to
be paid by your Lordfhip ; which faid difcovery
I can make. But your Lordfhip, or fome per-
fons under your Lordiliip, have got fuch an ill
name in paying fuch rewards : Inftance two poor
men, viz. John Greenwood, and John Bouch,
who took and brought to juftice fix perfons, vul-
garly Mohocks, ; which the laid two poor men
never received more than twenty pounds, and the
latter thirty ; and they had no partners concern-
ed with them, as appears by the Attorney- Gene-
ral's reports to your Lordfhip; which if I ihouhl
be fo ferved, to caufe any perfons to be punifhcd,,
and be no better rewarded, will be no encourage- -
ment for me to do it ; for thefe two poor IT.- a
being fo plain a precedent for me to go by. Your
Lorcifh;p's moft humble and moft obedient fcr-
vant, L. M.

D 3 L E X-



42 D E A N S W I F T's



LETTER CLXXXIV.

Humorous Lines by Lord Treafurer OXFORD,
fent to DR SWIFT, DR ARBUTHNOT, MR
POPE, and MR GAY.

April 14, 1714. Back Stairs, pajl eiglt.
G A Y.

IN a fummons fo large, which all clergy contains,
I muft turn Difmal's * convert, or part with

my brains,
Should I fcruple to quit the back flairs for your

blind ones,
Or refufe your true juncto f for one of

The following is their dnfiver to his Lordflrip t chiefly
written by the Dean.

Let not the Whigs our Tory club rebuke ;
Give us our Eai-1 1, the devil take their Duke }!.
*)u(sdem qua attinent ad Scriblerum,
Want your affiftance now to clear 'em.

One day it will be no difgrace,

In fcribbler to have had a place.

Come

* Difmal was Lord Nottingham.

f Dr Swift, Dr Arbuthnott, Mr Pope, and Mr Gay, were
writing the hi (lory of Martinus Scriblerus ; and thefe four Wits,
in conjunction, are ftiled by Lord Treafurer, A junfto.

| Of Oxford.

U Of Marlborough.



CORRESPONDENCE. 43

Come then, my Lord, and take your part in
The important hiftory of Martin.

THE DEAN.

A pox on all fenders
For any pretenders,
Who tell us thefe troublefome ftories,
In their dull hum-drum key,
Of arma virumque,
* Jrlanonitz qui primus ab oris.
A pox too on Hanmer,
Who prates like his gran-mere,
And all his old friends would rebuke :
In fpite of the carle,
Give us but our Earl,
The devil may take their Duke.
Then come and take part in
The memoirs of Martin ;
Lay down your white ftaff and grey habit :
For truft us, friend Mortimer,
Should you live years forty more,
Hac olim meminiffe juvabit.



L E T-

The duchy of Hainault.



44 D E A N S W I F T's

LETTER CLXXXV.

More Lines of Humour, by LORD TREASURER.



I



April 14, 1714.
HONOUR the men, Sir,
Who are ready to anfwer,
When I afk them to ftand by the Queen 5
In fpite of orators,
And blood-thirfty praters,
Whofe hatred I highly efteem.
Let our faith's defender
Keep out every pretender,
And long enjoy her own ;

Thus you four, five x
May merrily live,
Till fa&ion is dead as a ftone.



LETTER CLXXXVL

THE DUCHESS OF ORMOND TO DR SWIFT.

BROTHER*, , y//>r/7 24, 1714.

IS H O U L D fooner have thanked you for
your letter, but that I hoped to have feen
you here by this time. You cannot imagine

how

* The Duke of Ormond was one of the fixteen brothers ; the
buchefs, therefore, calls Swift brother in her Lord's right.
See thd note to a letter from Lord Hurley to the Dean, dated
July 17, 1714.



CORRESPONDENCE. 45

how much I am grieved, when I find people I
wifh well to, run counter to their own intereft }
and give their enemies fuch advantages, by be-
ing fo hard upon their friends, as to conclude,
if they are not without fault, they are not to
be fupported, or fcarce converfed with. For-
tune is a very pretty gentlewoman ; but how foon
flie may be changed, nobody can tell. Fretting
her, with the feeing all ihe does for people only
makes them defpife her, may make her fo fick,
as to alter her complexion ; but I hope our
friends will find her conftant, in fpite of all they
do to fhock her. And remember the * ftory of
the arrows, that were very eafily broke fingly ;
but when tied up clofe together, no ftrength of
man could hurt them. But that you may never

feel

* In this letter, the Dnchefs alludes to the divifion then fub-
fifting among the minifters at court ; and it is probable, that
the hint about the Jlory of the arrows, produced the poem called
tie Faggot, which the Dean wrote about this time. It is faid,
under the title, to have been written in the year 1713, when
the Queen's minifters were quarrelling among themfelves.-s. It
begins thus :

Obferve the dying father fpeak ;
Try, lads, can you this bundle break ?
Then bids the yotingcft of the fix
Take up a heap of well-hound flicks.
They thought it was an old man's maggot,
And drove by turns to break the faggot.
In vain : The complicated wands,
Were much too ftrong for all their hands.
See, faid the fire, how icon 'tis done :
Then took and broke them one by one.



46 D E A N S W I F T's

feel any ill confequences from whatever may hap-
pen, are the fincere wifhes of, brother, your's,
with all fifterly affeftion, M. ORMOND.



LETTER CLXXXVII.

TO THE EARL OF PETERBOROW.

MY LORD, London, May 18, 1714.

I HAD done myfelf the honour of writing to
your Excellency, above a month before
your's of March the 5th came to my hands.
The Saturdays dinners have not been refumed
fince the Queen's return from Windfor ; and I
am not forry, fince it became fo mingled an
aflfembly, and of fo little ufe either to bufinefs or
converfation : So that I was content to read your
queries to our two great friends. The Treafu-
rer ftuck at them all ; but the Secretary acquit-
ted himfelf of the firft > by afTuring me he had
often written to your Excellency.

I was told the other day, of an anfwer you
made to fomebody abroad, who enquired of you
the ftate.and difpofitions of our Court: That you
could not tell, for you had been out of England
a fortnight. In your letter, you mention the
world of the moon, and apply it to England ;
but the moon changes but once in four weeks.
By both thefe inftances, it appears you have a
better opinion of our fteadinefs than we deferve ;

for



CORRESPONDENCE. 47

for I do not remember, fince you left us, that
we have continued above four days in the fame
view, or four minutes with- any manner of con-
cert. I aflure you, my Lord, for the concern I
have for the common caufe, with relation to
affairs both at home and abroad, and from the
perfonal love I bear to our friends in power, I
never led a life fo thoroughly uneafy as I do at
prefent. Our fituation is fo bad, that our ene-
mies could not, without abundance of invention
and ability, have placed us fo ill, if we had left it
entirely to their management. For my own part,
my head turns round ; and, after every conver-
fation, I come' away juft one. degree worfe in-
formed than I went. I am glad, for the honour
of our nation, to find, by your Excellency's letter,
that fome other Courts have a fliare of frenzy,
though not equal, nor of the fame nature with
our's. The height of honeft men's wifhes at pre-
fent, is to rub off this Seffion ; after which nobody
has the impudence to expect that we fhall not
immediately fall to pieces : Nor is any thing I
write, the leaft fecret, even to a Whig footman.

The Chieen is pretty well at prefent ; but the
leaft diforder fhe has, puts all in alarm ; and when
it is over, we acl as if fhe were immortal. Nei-
ther is it poffible,'to perfuadc people to make any
preparations againft an evil day. There is a ne-
gociation now on hand, which, T hope, will not
be abortive : The States-General are willing to
declare themfelves fully fapsned with the peace

and



4 8 D E A N S W I F T's

and Queen's meafures, c. and that is too po-
pular a matter to flight. It is impoffible to
tell you, whether the Prince of Hanover intends
to come over or no. I ftiould think the latter,
by the accounts I have feen. Yet our adverfaries
continue ftrenuoufly to affert otherwife, and very
induftrioufly give out, that the Lord Treafurer
is at bottom; which has given fome jealoufies,
not only to his beft friends, but to fome I fhall
not name ; yet I am confident they do him
wrong. This formidable journey is the perpe-
tual fubject both of Coui't and coffee-houfe chat.

Our myfterious and unconcerted ways of pro-
ceeding, have, as it is natural, taught every body
to be refiners, and to reafon themfelves into a
thoufand various conjectures: Even I, who con-
verfe moft with people in power, am not free
from this evil : And particularly, I thought my-
felf twenty times in the right, by drawing con-
clufions very regularly from premifes which have
proved wholly wrong. I think this, however,
to be a plain proof, that we act altogether by
chance ; and that the game, fuch as it is, plays
tofelf.

By the prefent inclofed in your Excellency's
letter, I find the Sicilians to be bad delineators,
and worfe poets. As fneakingly as the Prince
looks at the Bifhop's foot, I could have made
him look ten times worfe ; and have done more
right to the piece, by placing your Excellency
there reprefenting your Miftrefs the Queen, and
i delivering



CORRESPONDENCE. 49

delivering the crown to the Bifliop, with orders
where to pUice it. I fhould like your new King
very well, if he would make Sicily his conftant
refidence, and ufe Savoy only as a commendafli.
Old books have given me gi'eat ideas of that
ifland. I imagine every acre there worth three
in England ; and that a wife prince, in fuch a
{ituation, would, after fome years, be able to
make what figure he pleafed in the Mediterra-
nean.

The Duke of Shrewfbury, not liking the wea-
ther on our fide the water, continues in Ireland,
although he formally took his leave there fix
weeks ago. Tom Harley is every hour expected
here, and writes me word, he has fucceeded at
Hanover to his willies. Lord Strafford writes
the fame, and gives himfelf no little merit upon



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