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Barber the printer was, fome time ago, in
great diilrefs, upon printing a pamphlet, of
which evil tongues would needs call me the
author * : He was brought before your Houfe,
which addreffed the Queen in a body, who kind-
ly publiflied a proclamation, with 300!. to dif-
coveri The fault was calling the Scots a fierce
poor northern people. So well protected are
thofe who fcribble for the government. Upon
which, I now put one query to your Excellency,
What has a man, without employment, to do
among minifters, when he can neither ferve him-
felf, his friends, nor the public ?


* The Public Spirit of the Whigs.

5 o D E A N S W I F T's

In my former letter, which I fuppofe was fent
to Paris to meet you there, I gave you joy of
the government of Minorca. One advantage
you have by being abroad, that you keep your
friends j and I can name almoft a dozen great
men, who thoroughly hate one another, yet all
love your Lordfhip. If you have a mind to pre-
ferve their friendfliip, keep at a diftance ; or
come over, and (hew your power, by reconciling
at lea'ft two of them ; and remember, at the
fame time, that this laft is an impoffibility. If
your Excellency were here, I would fpeak to
you without any conftraint ; but the fear of ac-
cidents, in the conveyance of this letter, makes
me keep to generals. I am fure you would have
prevented a great deal of ill, if you had conti-
nued among us ; but people of my level muft be
content to have their opinion aiked, and to fee
it not followed, altho' I have always given it with
the utmoft freedom and impartiality. I have
troubled you too much ; and, as a long letter
from you is the moft agreeable thing one can re-
ceive, fo the moft agreeable return would be a
ihort one. I am ever, with the greateft refpect
and truth,


Your Excellency's
Moft obedient, and
Moft humble fervant.





S I R, May 22, 1714.

HEARING from honed John*, that you
ftill perfift in your refolution of retiring
into the country, I cannot but give you my
thoughts of it, at the fame time that I am fen : lc
ho-.v intruding it may appear in me to trouble
you with what I think : But you have an un-
lucky quality, which expjfes you to the forwurd-
nefs of thofe who love you ; I mean, good na-
ture. From which, though I did not al>vays
fufpecl you guilty of it, I now proniife niyfelf
an eafy pardon. So that, without bciug in much
pain as to the cenfure you may pafs upon my
ailurance, I ihall go on gravely to tell you, I
am entirely againft your defign.

I confeis a juft indignation at feveral things,
and particularly as v.he return your fervices have,
met v/'th, may give you a difguft to the Court ;'
and that retirement may afford a pleafing pro-
fpecl to you, who have lived fo long in the
hurry, and have borne fo great a' {hare of the
load of bufinefs j and the more fo at this junc-
ture, when the diftraclion among your friends is
E 2 enough

* Akkrman Barber.


enough to make any one fick of a courtier's life.
But on thefe very accounts, you fhould clvufe
to fleep ; and convince the world, that you are
as much above private refentment, where the
public is concerned, as you are incapable of be-
ing tired out in the. fervice of your 'country j and
that you are neitber afraid, nor unwilling, to face
a ftorm in a good caufe.

It is true, you have lefs reafon than any one
I know, to regard what the world fays of you ;
for I know none, to whom the world hath been
more unjuft. Yet fince the moft generous re-
venge is to make the ungrateful appear yet more
ungrateful, you (hould ftill perfecute the public
with frefh obligations ; and the rather, bccaufe
fome there are of a temper to acknowledge be-
iiefks ; and it is to be hoped, the reft may not
always continue ; ftupid. At leaft (fuppofe the
vrorft) the attempt to do good, carries along with
it a fecret fuisfaction, with which if you are not
fenftbly affected, I am at a lofs how to account
for many of your actions. I remember very
well, what you have fomerimes faid upon this
fubjecT:, as if you were now grown ufelefs, &c.
To which I have this to anfwer, that though
your efforts are in vain to-day, fbme unforeseen
accident may make them otherwife to-morrow ;
and that, fliould you, by your abfence, lofe any
happy opportunity, you will be the firft to re-
proach yourfelf with running away, and be the
lafl man in the world to pardon it. If I denied



felf-intereft to be at the bottom of all I have faid,
I know you would think I ly'd villainoufly, and
perhaps not think amifs ; for 1 itill flatter my-
felf with the continuance of that favour you
have, on many occafions, been pleafed to fliew
me ; and am vain enough to fancy, I fhould be
a conilderable lofer, if you were where I could
not have an opportunity of clubbing my {hilling
with you now and then at good eating. But as
much as I am concerned on this acpount, I am
not fo felfilh to lay what I have done, if it were
not my real opinion ; which, whether you re-
gard or not, I could not deny myfelf the fatif-
faction of fpeaking it, and of alluring you, that
I am, with the utmoft fincerity and refpect, Sir,
your moft obliged, and moft faithful humble


My Lady Duchefs *, I can anfwer for her, is
very much your fervant, though 1 have not her
commands to fay fo. She is gone to fee the
Puke of Beaufort, who is fo ill, 'tis feared he
cannot recover. She went this morning fo early,
I have had no particular account how he is ; but
am told, he does nothing but doze. The mtf-
fenger came to her at three in the morning ; and
fhe went away immediately afterwards.

Lady Betty dt fires me to thank you for you?
letter ; and would be glad, fince the Provoft is
E 3 gracioully

* Of Ormond.

54 D E A N S W I F T's

gracioufly pleafed to ftay her Majefty's time, to
know where it is he defigns to ftay.

Honeft Townfliend'and I have the fatisfacYion
to drink your health, as often as we do drink
together. Whether you approve of your being
toafted with the bifhop of London, and fuch
people, I cannot tell.

My fervant is juft now come from the Duchefs
of Ormond, and gives fuch an account of the
Duke of Beaufort, that it is thought he cannot
pofiibly recover.



SIR, London , June 8, 1714.

SINCE you went out of the town, my Lord
Clarendon was appointed envoy extraor-
dinary to Hanover, in the room of Lord Paget ;
and by making ufe of thofe friends, which I en-
tirely owe to you, he hath accepted me for his
fecretary. This day, by appointment, I met his
Lordmip at Mr Secretary Bromley's office * :
He then ordered me to be ready by Saturday.
I am quite off from the Duchefs of Monmouth f.


* Bromley was joint fecretary with Bolincbroke.

j- Mr Gay hud been fecretary, or domeilic fteward to the
Duchefs, widow of the Duke of Monmeuth, who was beheaded
in the firft year of King James II.


Mr Lewis was very ready to ferve me upon this
occafion, as were Dr Arbuthnott, and Mr Ford.
I am every day attending my Lord Treafurer for
his bounty, in order to fet me out ; which he
hath promifed me upon the following petition,
which I fent him by Dr Arbuthnott.

The Epigrammaticttl Petition of Jinn Gay.

I'm no more to converfe with the fwains,

But to go where fine people refort :
One can live without money on plains,

But never without it at Court

If, when with die fwains I did gambol,

I array'd me in filver and blue ;
When abroad, and in Courts, I fhall ramble,

Pray, my Lord, how much money will do?

We had the honour of the Treafurer's com-
pany laft Saturday, when we fat upon Scrib-
lerus *. Pope is in town, and hath brought
with him the firft book of Homer.

I am to be at Mr Lewis's this evening, with
the Provoftf, Mr Ford, Parnell, and Pope. It
is thought my Lord Clarendon will make but a
fhort ftay at Hanover. If it was poffible that
any recommendation could be procured, to make
me more diftinguiflied than ordinary, during


* Memoirs of Martinns Scriblerus ; a joint work of Pope,
Arbuthnott, and others. Sec Pope's works,
j- Of Dublin-college, Dr Benjamin Trait.

S 6 D E A N S W I F T ' s

my ftay at that Court, I fhould think myfelf
very happy, if you could contrive any method
to profecute it ; for I am told, that their civilities
very rarely defcend fo low as the fecretary. I
have all the reafon in the world, to acknowledge
this as wholly owing to you. And the many
favours I have received from you, purely out of
your love for doing good, afiures me you will
not forget me, in my abfence. As for myfelf,
whether I am at home or abroad, gratitude will
always put me in mind of the man, to whom I
owe fo many benefits. I am your mod obliged
humble fervant, J. GAY.



Upper Letccmby near Wantage, Berks t
June 8, 1714.

I HAVE not much news to tell you from
hence, nor have I had one line from any
body flnce I left London, of which I am very
glad : But, to fay the truth, I believe I {hall not
ftay here fo long as I intended. I am at a clergy-
man's houfe, whom I love very well ; but he is
fuch a melancholy thoughtful man, partly from
nature, and partly by a folitary life, that I ihall
foon catch the fpleen from him. Out of cafe
and complaifance, I defire him not to alter any



of his methods for me j fo we dine exactly be-
tween twelve and one. At eight we have fome
bread and butter, and a glafs of ale ; and at ten
he goes to bed. Wine is a ftranger, except a
little I fent him ; of which, one evening in two,
we have a pint between us. His wife has been
this month twenty miles off, at her father's, and
will not return ten days. I never faw her j
and perhaps the houfe will be worfe when fhe
comes. I read all day, or walk ; and do not
fpeak as many words as I have now wrote, in
three days : So that, in fhort, I have a mind to
fteal to Ireland, unlefs I find myfelf take more
to this way of living, fo different, in every cir-
cumftance, from what I Jeft. This is the firft
fyllable I have wrote to any body fince you faw
me. I fhall be glad to hear from you, not as
you are a Londoner, but as a friend ; for I care
not three-pence for news, nor have heard one
fyll.ible fince I came here. The Pretender, or
Duke of Cambridge, may both be landed, and I
never the wifer : But if this place were ten times
worfe, nothing {hall make me return to town,
while things are in the lltuation I left them. I
give a guinea a week for my board, and can eat
any thing.


5$ D E A N S W I F T's



DEAR SIR, London^ June 8, 1714.

I HAVE inclofed all the letters that have come
to my hands. I faw my Lord Treafurer to-
day, who -afked me where you were gone ? I
told his Lordfhip you were in Be^kfhire *. He
anfwered, it is very well ; I fuppofe I fhall foon
hear from him. My Lord Bolingbroke was very
merry with me upon your journey, and hoped
the world would be the better for your retire-
ment, and that I fliould foon be the midwife.
The fchifm bill was read the fecond time yefter-
day, and committed for to-morrow, without a
divifion. Every body is in the greateft confter-
nation at your retirement, and wonders at the
caufe. I tell them, it is for your health's fake.
Mr Gay is made fecretary to my Lord Claren-
don, and is very well pleafed with his promotion.
The Queen is fo well, that the Sicilian AmbafTa-


* Swift having in vain endeavoured to bring about a recon-
ciliation between Lord Oxford and Lord Bolingbroke, retired
about this time to the houfe of a friend, the Rev. Mr Gene, at
Wantage, in Berkfliire, who is fHll living. While he was there,
he wrote a difcourfe, called, Free ibwglts on ify prefent ft ate of
affairs, and fait it up to London : But fome difference of opi-
nion between him and Lord Bolingbroke, prevented its publica-
tion at that time. The Queen died about ten weeks afterwards,
gnd the difcourfe lias been fince printed in his works.


dor hath his audience to-night. She can walk,
thank God, and is very well recovered. Sir,
your moft obedient humble fervant,




DEAR BROTHER-}-, Stjamefs t june 12, 1714.

I AM glad your proud ftomach is come down,
and that you fubmit to write to your friends.
1 was of opinion, that if they managed you right,
they might bring you to be even fond of an ar-
ticle in the Poft-Boy, or Flying-Poft. As for
the prefent ftate of our Court affairs, I thank
God, I am almoft as ignorant as you are, to my
great eafe and comfort. I have never enquired
about any thing, flnce my Lady Mafiiam told
the dragon ^, that fhe would carry no more
rneflages, nor meddle nor make, &c. I don't
know whether things were quite fo bad when
you went. The dragon manages this bill $ pretty


* Alderman Barber made a prefent of Dr Swift's picture,
taken in the early time of his life, to the university of Oxford.

f One of the fixteen.

J Lord Treasurer Oxford.

To prevent the growth of fchifm, and for the further fecii-
rity of the Church of Kngland, as by law eilablilhed. It pafied
the Houfc of Lords, i3th June, 1714.


well, for you know, that is his forte : And I be-
lieve, at the rate they go on, they will do tnif-
chief to themfelves, and good to nobody elfe.

You know, that Gay goes to Hanover, and
my Lord Treafurer has promifed to equip him.
Monday is the day of departure ; and he is now
dancing attendance, for money to buy him {hoes,
ftockmgs, and linen. The Duchefs has. turned
him off *, which I am afraid will make the poor
man's, condition worfe, inftead of better.

The dragon was with us on Saturday night laft,
after having fent us really a moft excellent copy of
verfes. I really .believe, when he lays down, he
will prove a very good poet. I remember the
firft part of his verfes, was complaining of ill
ufage; and at latt he concludes,

<( He that cares not to rule, will be fure to obey,
" "When fummon'd by Arbuthnot, Pope, Parnell,
and Gay."

Parnell has been thinking of going chaplain to my
Lord Clarendon f; but they will not fay whether
he {hould or not. I am to meet our club at the
Pall-Mall coffee-houfe, about one to day, where
\ve cannot fail to remember you. The Queen is
in good health ; much in the fame circumtlances
with the gentleman I mentioned, in attendance
i upon

* The Duchefs of Monmruth, to whom he had been fecre-

f Who was fent by the Queen to the Court of Hanover.


upon her minifters, for fomething me cannot
obtain. My Lord and my Lady Mafham, and
Lady Fair, remember you kindly; and none with
more fincere refpect, than your affectionate bro-
ther, and humble fervant,




MY LORD, June 14, 1714.

WH E N I was with you, I have faid more
than, once, that I would never allow
quality or ftation made any real difference be-
tween men. Being now abfent, and forgotten, I
have changed my mind. You have a thoufand
people who can pretend they love you, with as
much appearance of flncerity as I ; fo that, ac-
cording to common juftice, I can have but a thou-
fandth part in return of what I give. And this dif-
ference is wholly owing to your ftation. And the
misfortune is Mill the greater, becaufe lalways loved
you juft fo much the worfe for your ftation. For
in your public capacity, you have often angered
me to the heart ; but as a private man, never once.

* This letter was written from Berkfliire, after the Doctor
had wholly quitted the miniflry, upon finding it impoflible to
reconcile the ruiYunderflandingS between the Lord Treafurer and
the Secretary. Swift.

62 D E A N S W I F T's

So that if I only look towards myfelf, I could
wifh you a private man to-morrow. For I have
nothing to afk, at leaft nothing that you will
give, which, is the fame thing. And then you
would fee whether I fhould not, with much more
willingnefs, attend you in a retirement, whenever
you pleafe to give me leave, than ever I did at
London or Windfor. For thefe fentiments I will
never write to you, if I can help it, otherwife
than as to a private perfon, nor allow myfelf to
have been obliged by you in any other capacity.

The memory of one great inftance of your
candour and juftice, I will carry to my grave ; that
having been in a manner domeflic with you for
almoft four years, it was never in the power of
any public or concealed enemy, to make you think
ill of me, though malice and envy were often em-
ployed to that end. If I live, pofterity fhall know
that and more ; which, though you, and fome-
body that ihall be namelefs, feem to value lefs
than I could wifti, is all the return I can make
you. Will you give me leave to fay, how I would
defire to ftand in your memory ? as one who was
truly fenfible of the honour you did him, though
he was too proud to be vain upon it ; as one
who was neither afluming, officious, nor teafing,
who never wilfully mifreprefented perfons or fadls
to you, nor confulred his paffions when he gave
a character ; and, laftly, as one whofe indifcre-
tions proceeded altogether from a weak head, and
not an ill heart. I will add one thing more,



which is the higheft compliment I can make, that
I nt'ver was afraid of offending you, nor am now
in any pain for the manner I write to you in. I
have f.iid enough, and, like one at your levee,
having made my bow, I flirink back into the
croud. I am, my Lord, &c.



June 1 8, 1714-

WHATEVER apologies it might become
me to make at any other time for writ-
ing to you, I {hall ufe none now, to a man who
has owned himfelf as fplenetic as a cat in the
country. In that circumftance, I know by expe-
rience, a letter is a very ufeful, as well as amufing
thing. If you are too bufied in ftate affairs to
read it, yet you may find entertainment in folding
it into divers figures ; either doubling it into py-
ramidical, or twifting it into a ferpentine form ;
or, if your difpofition Ihoukl not be fo mathema-
tical, in taking it with you to that place where
men of fludious minds are apt to fit longer than
ordinary ; where, after an abrupt divifion of the
paper, it may not be unpleafant to try to fit and
rejoin the -broken lines together. All thefe a-
mufements I am no ftranger to in the country j
and doubt not, but by this time you begin to re-
lilh them in your prefent contemplative fituation.
F 2 I

64 D E A N -S W I F T's

I remember a man who was thought to have
fome knowledge in the world, ufed to affirm,
that no people in town ever complained they
were forgotten by their friends in the country.
But my increasing experience convinces me he
was miftaken ; for I find a great many here grie-
voufly complaining of you upon this fcore. I
am told further, that you treat the few you cor-
refpond with, in a very arrogant ftyle ; and tell
them you admire at their infolence, in difturbing
your meditations, or even enquiring of your re-
treat * : But this I will not pofitively afTert, be-
caufe I never received any fuc'h infulting epiftle
from you. My Lord Oxford fays, you have not
written to him once fince you went. Cut this
perhaps may be only policy in him, or you ; and
I, who am half a Whig, muft not entirely credit
any thing he affirms. At Button's it is reported
you are gone to Hanover, and that Gay goes on-
ly on an embafTy to you. Others apprehend fome
dangerous State-Treatife from your retirement ;
and a Wit, who affcls to imitate Balfac, fays,
That the miniftry now, are like thofe Heathens of
old, who received their oracles from the woods.
The Gentlemen of the Roman-Catholic perfua-
lion are not unwilling to credit me, when I whif-
per, that you are gone to meet fome Jefuits com-


* Some time before the death of C^_ Anne, when her minifters
were quarrelling, and the Dean could not reconcile them, he re-
tired to a friend's houfc in Berkfhire, and never faw them after.


miffioned from the Court of Rome, in order to
fettle the moft convenient methods to be taken for
the coming of the Pretender. Dr Arbuthnott is
fingular in his opinion, and imagines your only
defign is to attend at full leifure, to the life and
advenmres of Scriblerus *. This indeed nmft be
granted of greater importance than all the reft ;
and I wlfh I could promife fo well of you. The
top of my own ambition is to contribute to that
great work, and I {hall translate Homer by the
bye. Mr Gay has acquainted you what progrefs
I have made in it. I can't name Mr Gay, with-
out all the acknowledgments which I {hall ever
owe you on his account. If I writ this in verfe,
I would tell you, you are like the fun ; and while
men imagine you to be retired or abfent, are
hourly exerting your indulgence, and bringing
things to maturity for their advantage. Of ail
the world, you are the man, (without flattery)
who ferve your friends with the leaft oftentation r
It is almoft ingratitude to thank you, conildering
your temper} and this is the period of all my
letter, which I fear you will think the moft im-
pertinent. I am, with trueft affection, your's, &c.
F 3 LET-

* This project (in which the principal perfons engaged were
Dr Arbuthnott, Dr Swift, and Mr Pope) was, to write a com-
plete fatire in profe upon the abufes in every branch of fcience,
comprifed in the hiftory of the life and writings of Scriblerus.
Of which only fome detached parts and frsjments were done ;.
fuch as, the Memoirs of Scriblerus, the Travels of Gulliver, the
Treat ife of the Profund, the Literal Criticifms on Virgil, &c.

66 D E A N S W I F T's


SIR, J une X 9> I 7 I 4

YOUR letter gave me a great deal of plea-
fure. 1 do not mean only the fatisfaftion
one muft always find in hearing from fo good
a friend, who has diftinguifhed himfelf in the
world, and formed a new character, which no
body is vain enough to pretend to imitate. But
you mull know, the moment after you difappear-
ed, I found it was to no purpofe to be unconcern-
ed, and to flight (as I really have done) all the
filly ftories and fchemes I met with every day ;
the effects of felf-conceit, and a frightened, hafty
defire of gain. They afked me, Has not the
Dean left the town ? Is not Dr Swift gone into
the country ? Yes. And I would have gone in-
to the country too, if I had not learned, one
cannot be hurt, till one turns one's back : For
which reafon, I will go no more on their er-
rands. But 'ferioufly, you never heard fuch
bellowing about the town, of the ftate of the
nation, efpecially among the fharpers, fellers of
bear-lkins *, and the reft of that kind ; nor


* Stock-jobbers. He who fells that of which he is not pof-
fl-flcd, is laid, proverbially, to fell the bear's (kin, while the
hear runs into the woods. And it being common for (lock-
jobbers to make contrafls for transferring (lock at a future time,
though they were not poflefled of the flock to be transferred,
thev were called fellers of bear-lkins.


fuch crying and fqualling among the Ladies : In-
fomuch that it has at laft reached the Houfe of
Commons ; which lam forry for, becaufe it is
hot and uneafy fitting there in this feafon of the
year. But I was told to-day, that in fome coun-
tries, people are forced to watch day and night,
to keep wild beads out of their corn. Do you
not pity me, for yielding to fuch grave fayings,
to be {lifted every day in the Houfe of Com-
mons ?

When I was out of England, I ufed to receive
four or five letters each poft, with this pafiage :
" As for what pafles here, you will be informed
t( by others much better j therefore I fhall not
" trouble you with any thing of that fort."
You will give leave to ufe it now, as my excufe
to you for not writing news. I hope honeft
Gay will be better fupplied by fome friend or
other. Before I received your direction, I had
ordered my fervant, who comes next Monday
out of Herefordfhire, to leave your horfe at
the Crown in Farrington, where you can eafily
fend for him. I hear he was fo fat, they could
not travel him till he was taken down ; and I
ordered he fhould go fhort journies : He is of

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