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a good breed, and therefore I hope will prove
well ; if not, ufe him like a bafhrd, and I will
chufe another for you. I am, Sir, your moft
faithful humble fervant, T. HARLEY.*

L E T-

* This c-entleman was coufin to the Lord Treafurer. He
died in January 1737, and left his eftate to Edward Ilarley, Efq,




REV. SIR, Jufie 22, 1714.

IT was with fome difficulty, that I prevailed
with myfelf to forbear acknowledging your
kind letter. I can only tell you, it fhall be the
bufinefs of my life, to endeavour to deferve the
opinion you exprefs of me, and thereby to re-
commend myfelf to the continuance of your

My Lord Treafurer does, upon all occafions,
do juftice to your merit ; and has expreffed to
all his friends, the great efteem he has for fo
hearty and honeft a friend, and particularly on
occafion of the letter you mention to have lately
writ to him. And all his friends can inform
you, with what pleafure he communicated it to

And now for bufinefs ; I am to acquaint you,
that laft Thurfday I received the 50-!. (which
now waits your orders) and dated your receipt
accordingly, which I delivered to Mr Wetham,
who paid me the money.

I do not pretend to tell you how matters go.
Our friend fays very bad. I am fanguine enough.
to hope not worfe. I am, with all poilible efteem,,
ever your's.




DEAR BROTHER, Kenjifigton, June 26, 1714.

I HAD almoft refolved not to write to you,
for fear of diftlirbing fo happy a ftate as you
defcribe. On the other hand, a little of the
devil, that cannot endure any body flionld enjoy
a paradife, almoft provoked me to give you a
long and melancholy frate of our affairs. For
you muft know, that it is juft my own cafe. I
have with great induftry endeavoured to live in
ignorance, but at the fame time would enjoy Ken-
fington Garden ; and then fome bufy difcontent-
ed body or another comes juft crofs me, and be-
gins a difmal ftory , and, before I go to fupper,
I am as full of grievance as the moft knowing of

I will plague you a little, by telling you the
dragon dies hard. He is now kicking and cuffing
about him like the devil ; and you know parlia-
mentary management is the forte, but no hopes
of any fettlement between the two champions.
The dragon faid laft night to my Lady Mafham
and me, that it is with great induftry he keeps
his friends, who are very numerous, from pull-
ing all to pieces. Gay had a hundred pounds
in due time, and went away a happy man. I
have folicited both Lord Treafurer and Lord. Bo-
lingbroke ftrongly for the Parnelian, and gave


7 o D E A N S W I F T's

them a memorial the other day. Lord Treafu-
rer fpeaks mighty affectionately of him, which
yop know is an ill fign in ecelefiaftical prefer-
ments. Witnefs fome, that you and I know,
when the contrary was the beft fign in the world.
Pray remember Martin *, who is an innocent
fellow, and will not difturb your folitude. The
ridicule of medicine is fo copious a fubject, that
I muft only here and there touch it. I havs
made him ftudy phyfic from the apothecary's
bill, where there is a good plentiful field for
fatire upon the prefent practice. One of his pro-
jects was, by a ftamp upon bliftering plaifters, and
melilot by the yard, to raife money for the go-
vernment, and to give it to Ratcliffe and others
to farm. But there was like to be a petition from
the inhabitants of London and Weftminfter, who
had no mind to be flea'd. There was a problem
about the dofes of purging medicines published'
four years ago, fhewing, that they ought to be
in proportion to the bulk of the patient. From
thence Martin endeavours to determine the que-
ftion about the weight of the ancient men, by
the dofes of phyfic that were given them. One
of his beft inventions, was a map of difeafes for
the three cavities of the body, and one for the
external parts ; juft like the four quarters of the
world. Then the great difeafes are like capital
cities, with their fymptoms all like ft reels and
fuburbs, with the roads that lead to other dif-

* Martinus Scriblerqs, of whom Pope, Avbuthnott, and
thers, were to write the memoirs.


cafes. It is thicker fet with towns, than any Flan-
ders map you ever faw. Ratcliffe is painted at
the corner or the map, contending for the uni-
verfal empire of this world ; and the reft of the
phyficians oppofing his ambitious defigns, with
a project of a treaty of partition to fettle peace.

There is an excellent fubjecl of ridicule from
fome of the German phyiicians, who fet up a
fenfitive foul, as a fort of a mil minifter to the
rational. Helmont calls him Archseus. Dolaeus
calls' him Microcofmetor. He has under him
feveral other genii, that refide in the particular
parts of the body, particularly prince Cardime-
lech, in the heart ; Gafteronax, in the ftomach,.j
and the Plaftic Prince, in the organs of genera-
tion. I believe I could make you laugh at the ex-
plication of diftempers, from the wars and allian-
ces of thofe princes ; and how the firft minifter
gets the better of his miftrefs, Anima Ratwnalis.

The beft is, that it is making reprifals upon
the politicians, who are fure to allegorife all the
animal cecononiy into ftate affairs. Pope has
been collecting high flights of poetry, which are
very good ; they are to be folemn nonfenfe.

I thought upon the following the other day,
as I was going into my coach, the duft being
troublefome :

The duft in fmaller particles arofe,
Than thofe which fluid bodies do compofe :
Contraries in extremes do often meet ;
Twas now fo dry, that you might call it wet.


72 D E A N S W I F T's

I don't give you thefe hints to divert you, but
that you may have your thoughts, and work
upon them.

I know you love me heartily ; and yet I will
not own, that you love me better than I love
you. My Lord and Lady Mafham love you too,
and read your letter to me with pleafure. My
Lady fays fhe will write to you, whether you
write to her or not. Dear friend, adieu.



HONOURED SIR, London, July 6, 1714*

I HAD your's of the 3d inftant, and am hear-
tily glad of your being in health, which I
hope will continue. Pray draw what bills you
pleafe : I'll pay them on demand.

I fortunately met Lord Bolingbroke yefterday,
the minute I had your letter. I attacked him
for fome wine, and he immediately ordered you
two dozen of red French wine, and one dozen of
ftrong Arizana white wine. The hamper will be
fent to-morrow by Robert Stone, the Wantage
carrier, and will be there on Friday. I am afraid
it will coft you 55. to George, my Lord's butler ;
but I would do nothing without order. My
Lord bid me tell you this morning, that he will
write tp you, and let you know, that as great a
i philofopher


philofopher as you are, you havj had the pip ;
that the public affairs are carried on, with the
fame zeal, and quick difpatch, as when you was
there , nay, that they are improved in feveral
.particulars j that the fame good understanding
continues ; that he hopes the world will be the
better for your retirement ; that your inimitable
pen was never more wanted than now ; and more,
which -I cannot remember. I believe he expects
you fliould write ro him. He fpolce many affec-
tionate and handfome things in your favour. I
told him your ftory of the fpaniel, which made
him laugh heartily. I am, &c.



SIR, Lambert-Hill, July <5, 1714.

I Thankfully acknowledge the receipt of a pac-
ket * fent laft Sunday. I have {hewn it on-
ly to one perfon, who is charmed with it, and
will make fome fmall alterations and additions to
ir, with your leave. You will the eafier give
leave, when I tell you, that it is one of the beft
pens in England. Pray favour me with a line.
I am, Sir, your mod obedient fervant,

Indorfed thus by the Dean :

John Barber's letter about the pamphlet.

* Probably, Free thoughts on the prefent flate of affairs.




REV. SIR, ' July 6, 1714.

I SHOULD not have prefume.d to break in
upon your retirements, nor fo much as en-
quire- for your addrefs, had not the inclofed
given me a fair occafion to afk after your health.
I need not add any thing to what the papers
will inform you touching that affair. The per-
fon mentioned in the Baron's letter, has not yet
called upon me. When you have indorfed the
letter of attorney, pleafe to return that, and the
Baron's letter, that I may follow his directions.
I dare not mention any thing of politics, to one
that has purpofely withdrawn himfelf from the
din of it. I lhall only tell you, that your friends
applaud your conduct, with relation to your own
eafe ; but they think it hard you fhould abdicate
at a juncture your friend fhip feems to be of the
moffc ufe to them. I am fure fome of them want
your advice, as well as afiiftance. You will 'for-
give this digrefllon from bufinefs, when I tell
you, I fliall not repeat this trouble, not having
fo much as kept a copy of your direction. You
may direct your commands to me, under cover
to our common friend. I hope you believe me
too fenfible of obligations, to need formal aflur-


ances of the fincere refpect, wherewith I am,
Rev. Sir, your moil obedient and moft humble



S I R, Whitehall, July 6, 1714.

YOU give me fuch good reafons for your
defire of knowing what becomes of our
grand affair, that, to oblige you, and perhaps
to give myfelf vent, I will tell you what I think
on it. The two Ladies * feem to have deter-
mined the fall of the dragon f, and to entertain
a chimerical notion, that there fhall be no Mon-
fieur le Premier, but that all power {hall refide
in one, and profit in the other. The man of
Mercury J foothes them in this notion, with
great dexterity and reafon ; for he will be Mon-
lieur le Premier then of courfe, by virtue of the
little feal. His character is too bad to carry the
great enfigns j therefore he takes another me-
thod, and I think it very artful, viz. to con-
tinue his prefent flation, to which the power
may altogether be as properly attached as to the
wand. In this brangle I am no otherwife con-
cerned, than that I muft lofe part of the pleafure
G 2 I

* The Queen, and Lady Somerfet.

f Lord Treafurer Oxford. J Lord Bolingbroke.


I had in the converfation of my friends. And
that I am really apprehenfive the two Ladies may
fuffcr by the undertaking ; for the man of Mer-
cury's bottom is too narrow, his faults of the
firft magnitude ; and we cannot find, that there
is any fcheme in the world how to proceed.
Mercurialis * complains, that the dragon f has
ufed him barbaroufly ; that he is in with the
democraticals, and never conferred a fingle obli-
gation upon him fince he had the wand. Le
temps nous eclaircira.

I propofe to move on the 2d of Auguft to
Bath, and to ftay there, or go from thence,
according as our chaos fettles here. I believe I
fhall not go to Abercathy, otherwife I would
attend you. Shall not we meet at Bath I Before
I began this paragraph, I (hould have added
fomething to the former, which is, that the
the dragon is accufed of having betrayed his
friends yefterday, upon the matter of the three
explanatory articles of the Spanifh treaty of com-
merce, which he allowed not to be beneficial ;
and that the Queen might better prefs for their
being changed, if it was the fenfe of the Houfe
they ought to be fo. The addrefs then patted
without a negative.

I thank you for the account you gave me of
the farm in Buckinghamshire. I could like the
thing, and the price too, very well ; but when
it comes to a point, I own my weaknefs to you.

* Lord Bolingbroke. f Lord Treafurer.


I can't work myfelf up to a refolution, whilft I
have any hope of the 200 1. a-year I told you of
in my own parifh ; it lies now at fale : If I mifs,
I would catch greedily at the other.

When I am at the Bath, I will fet down the
hints you delire.



Indorfed, Affairs go worfe. London, July 6. *

IF Barber be not a very great blockhead, I
fhall foon fend you a letter in print, in an-
fxver to your lad : I hope it may be next poft, for
he had it on Sunday. I took care to blot out
the e's out of onely, and the a's out of fcheame,
which I fuppofe is the meaning of your queftion,
whether I corrected it ? I don't know any other
alteration is wanted ; and I made none, except in
one paragraph, that I changed the prefent to the
pad tenfe four times ; and I am not fure I did
right in it neither. There is fo great a tendernefs

and regard all along to the , that I could have

wimed this expreffion had been out, [the uncer-
tain timorous nature of the ]. But there

was no ilriking it out, without fpoiling the beauty
G 3 o

* This gentleman was by the Dean's intereft made Gazetteers
See the Dean's Letter to Mrs Dingley, dated July i, 1712.
f The year is omitted, but it fhould be 1714*

7 8 DEAN SWlFT's

of the paflage ; and, as if I had been the author
myfelf, I preferred beauty to difcretion. I really
think it is at leaft equal to any thing you have
writ ; and I dare fay, it will do great fervice, as
matters ftand at prefent *.

The Colonel f , and his friends, give the game
for loft on their fide ; and I believe, by next week,
we fhall fee Lord Bolingbroke at the head of af-
fairs. The Bifhop of Rochefter J is to be Lord
Privy Seal. They talk of feveral other alterations,
as, that my Lord Trevor is to be Prefident of the
Council y Lord Abingdon, Lord Chamberlain ;
Lord Anglefey, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ;
that Mr Bromley {| is to go out, and a great many
more in lefier employments. I fancy thefe re-
ports are fpread, to draw in as many as they can
to oppofe the new fcheme. I can hardly think
any body will be turned out of the Cabinet, ex-
cept the Treafurer and the Privy-Seal . Perhaps
jny Lord Paulet ^ may lay down. Certainly the


* Tt is not'known, that the Dean published, or was about to
publilh, any thing at this time, except the Free Thoughts. It i$
therefore probable, that this tract was printing, or printed, when
the Dean fupprefled it for the reafons mentioned before. The
words, however, which Mr Ford fays he could have wifhed to
have blotted out, but fpared for the beauty of the paflage, are
not to be found in the copy printed in the Dean's woiks \_ nor is
it eafy to determine, where they originally flood.

f Lord Oxford.

$ See Lewis's Letter of Auguft 10, 1714.

[j Secretary for the Northern Provinces.

Lord Dartmouth.

5 Lord Steward.


Secretary may continue in, if he pleafes j and I
don't hear that he is difpofed to refign, or that
he is fo attached to any minifter, as to enter into
their refentments. What has John of Bucks *
done ? and yet the report is very ftrong, that he

is to be fucceeded by my Lord T or f . The

Duke of Shrewfbury was OIK, out of eight or nine
Lords, that ftood by my Lord B oiingbroke yefter-
day, in the. debate about the Spanifh treaty, and
fpoke with a good deal of fpirit. Is it likely he
is to be turned out of all ? The Lords have made
a reprefentation to the Queen, in which they de-
fire her to furmount the infurmountable difficul-
ties the Spar.ifh trade lies under by the laft treaty,
It is thought there was a majority in the Houfe,
to have prevented fuch a reflection upon the trea-
ty, if they had come to a divifion. The clamour
of the merchants, Whig and Tory, has been too
great to have pafled a vote in vindication of it as
it ftands ratified. But my Lord Angleiey", and his
fquadron, feemed willing to oppofe any cenfure
of it ; and yet this reprefentation was fuffered to
pafs, no-body knows how. To-day they are to
take into confiJeration the Queen's anfwer to
their addrefs, defiring to know who advifed her
to ratify the explanation of the three articles.
She fent them word, fhe thought there was- little


* John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingliamfhire.
f Trevor, Lord Chief Juftice of the Common Pleas. He had
been created Lord Trevor of Bromham, in Eedfordihire, Jan. l>

So D E A N S W I FT's

difference between that, and what was figned at
Utrecht. When they rife, I will tell you what
they have done. The laft money-bill was fent up
yefterday ; fo that, in all probability, the Parlia-
ment will be up in two or three days, and then
we fhall be entertained with Court affairs. I hope
you got mine laft poft, and one a fortnight ago.
Will the change of the miniftry affect Elwood ?
He is in pain about it. I am told the people of
Ireland are making a ftrong opposition againft
the prefent Provoft.

The confideration of the Queen's anfwer is
deferred till to-morrow. I am now with Lord
Guilford, and three other Commiflioners of
Trade, who were examined to-day at the bar
of the Houfe of Lords. They are prodigi-
oufly pleafed with what has been done. But I
don't underftand it well enough, to give you an
account of it. For the rapture they are in, hin-
ders them from explaining themfelves clearly. I
can only gather, from their manner of difcourfe,
that they are come off without cenfure.



SIR, London , July 10, 1714.

WHAT anfwer fliall I fend ? I am againft
any alteration ; but additions, 1 think,
ought by no means to be allowed. I wilh I had



called fooner at St Dunftan's ; but I did not ex-
pect it would have come out till Thurfday, and
therefore did not go there till yefterday. Pray let
me know what you would have done. Barber was
a blockhead to have {hewed it at all ; but who
can help that ? Write an anfwer, either for your-
felf, or me j but I beg of you to make no conde-
fcenfions *.

Yefterday put an end to the Seffion, and to
your pain. We gained a glorious victory at the
lioufe of Lords, the day before : The attack was
made immediately on Arthur Moore f, who ap-
peared at the bar with the other Commiffioners
of the Trade. The South-Sea Company had pre-
pared the way for a cenfure, by voting him guilty
of a breach of truft, and incapable of ferving
them in any office for the future. This paiTed
without hearing wh^.t he had to fay in his de-
fence, and had the ufual fate of fuch unreafonable
reflections. Thofe who propofed the resolutions,
were Warned for their violence ; and the perfon
accufed, appearing to be lefs guilty than they
made him, was thought to be more innocent than
I doubt he is. The Whigs propofed two quef-
tions in the Houfe of Lords againft him, and loft
both , one, by twelve ; and the other, I think, by
eighteen votes.


* This probably relates to the Free Thoughts.
' f One of the Commiflioners of Trade and Plantations, who
was accufed of being bribed by the Court of Spain, to favour that
kingdom in the treaty of commerce made between it and Eng-

82 D E A N S W I FT's

Court affairs go on as they did. The cry is
ftill on the Captain's fide *. Is not he the per-
fon Barber means, by one of the beft pens in
England ? Tt is only my own conjecture, but I
can think of no body elfe. Have you the Queen's
fpeech, the Lords addrefs, &c. or fhali I fend
them to you ? and do you want a comment ?
Have Pope and Parnell been to vifit you, as they
intended ?

I had a letter yefterday from Gay, who is at
the Hague, and prefents his humble fervice to
you. He has writ to Mr Lewis too; but his re-
fpec~l makes him keep greater diftance with him ;
and I think mine is the pleafanter letter, which
I am forry for.

We were alarmed by B. f, two days ago : He
Cent Tooke word, our friend was ill in the coun-
try ; which we did not know how to interpret,
till he explained it. It was Mrs M. J he meant ;
but fhe is in no danger. Pray, write immediate-
ly, that there may be no further delay to what
xve ought to have had a week ago.


* Lord Bolingbroke ; alluding to his difference with Lord
Oxford. See the next Letter.

t Probably John Barber.

$ Probably Mrs Manley, the writer of the Atlantis, who livei
with Barber at that time.



DEAR BROTHER, Kenfington^ July 10, 1714.

I HAVE talked of your affairs to nobody but
my Lady Maiham. She tells me, that fhe
has it very much at heart, and would gladly do
it for her own fake, and that of her friends ; but
thinks it not a fit feafon to fpeak about it. We
are indeed in fuch a ftrahge condition as to poli-
tics, that nobody can tell now, who is for who.
It were i-eally worth your while to be here, for
four-and-twenty hours only, to confider the odd-
nefs of the fcene. I am fure it would make you
relifli your country life the better.

The dragon holds fail, with a dead grip, the
little machine *. If he would have taken but
half ib much pains to have done other things, as
he has of late, to exert himfelf againft the Efquire,
he might have been a dragon, inftead of a dagon.
I would no more hive fuffered and done what
he has, than I would have fold myfelf to the
gallies. Hac inter tios. However, they have
now got rid of the parliament, and may have
time to think of a fcheme : Perhaps they may
have one already. I know nothing ; but it is fit
to rally the broken forces under fome head or
anpther. They really did very well the laft day


* His Treafurcr's fluff.

84 D E A N S W I F T's

but one in the Houfe of Lords ; but yefterday
they were in a flame about the Queen's anfwer,
till the Queen came in, and put an end to it.

The dragoft (hewed me your letter, and leem-
ed mightily pleafed with it. He has paid ten
pounds for the manufcript, of which I believe
there are feveral in town.

It is a * hiftory of the laft invafion of Scot-
land, wrote juft as plain, though not fo well, as
another hiftory, which you and I know, with
i characters

* This hiftory was publifhed about ten days after ; being
conveyed to the prfs by fome of the tranfcribing clerks. The
author laments the mifcarriage of the Pretender's expedition to
Scotland; and hates the Union, as a bar to the like defigns of
France for the future. It is plain enough from the preface,
what induced Dr Arbuthnott (who had only read the firft two
fheets of it in manufcript) to fay to the Dean, " It was wrote as
plain, though not fo well, as another hiftory, that you and I
know." He means here, Dr Swift's hiftory of the peace of
Utrecht, which he had then written, and had ihewn to moft of
his friends. The Scotch author gives this account of his own
work in the preface : " That having ufecl a little freedom with
feveral perfons of rank and power, in the characters I have given
of them, and in the relation of feveral matters of fadl ; com-
mon prudence requires thefe memoirs fhould lie dormant, till
fuch be out of capacity to refent the fame, either on myfelf, or
pofterity." From thefe words it is plain, Dr Arbuthnott did
expecft to find the chara<fbsrs of fome confiderable perfons o)' that
age drawn in that work, with the fame freedom, that he found
fome others in the Dean's hiftory ; though he well knew, that
this obfcurc writer was as far inferior to his friend in genius, as
he was different in principles, the Dean having always been fo
firmly attached to the Proteftant fettlemcnt, that he never did,
either direftly, or indiretfly, write, or advife.his friends to write,
one word in favour of the Pretender.


chara&ers of all the men now living, the very
names, and invitation that was fent to the Pre-
tender. This by a flaming Jacobite, that won-
ders all the world are not fo. Perhaps it may be
a Whig, that perfonates a Jacobite. I faw two
fheets of the beginning, which was treafon every
line. If it goes on at the fame rate of plain-
dealing, it is a very extraordinary piece, and
worth your whjle to come up to fee it only. Mr
Lockhart, they fay, owns it. It is no more his,
than it is mine. Do not be fo dogged ; but, af-
ter the firft Ihbwer, come up to town for a week
or fo. It is worth, your while. Your friends
will be glad to fee you, and none more than my-
felf. Adieu.



July 13, 1714.

NEVE Pi laughed, my dear Dean, at your
leaving the town : On the contrary, I thought

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