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the refolution of doing fo, at the time when you
took it, a very wife one. But, I confefs, I
laughed, and very heartily too, when I heard,
that you affected to find, within the village of
Letcombe, all your heart d-fired. In a word, I
judged of you, juft as you tell me in your letter,
that I flioulJ judge. If my grooms did not live
VOL. XV. H a



8<5 D E A N S W I F T's

a happier life than I have done this great while,
I am fure they would quit my fervice. Be plea-
fed to apply this reflection. Indeed, I wifli I
had been with you, with Pope and Parnell, qui-
bus neque animi candidiores. In a little time, per-
haps, 1 may have leifure to be happy. I con-
tinue in the fame opinions and refolutions as you
left me in ; I will ftand or fall by them. Adieu.

No alteration in my fortune, or circumftances,
can alter that fincere friendlhip, with which I
am, dear Dean, your's.

I fancy you will have a vifit from that great
politician and cafuift, the Duke *. He is at Ox-
ford, with Mr Clarke f.



LETTER CCVI.

CHARLES FORD, ESQJ TO DR SWIFT f.

London, July 15, 1714.

YO U fee I was in the right ; but I could
wi{h the booby had not convinced me,
by naming my Lord Bolingbroke, and then I
ihould have dealt well enough with him. Since
it has happened fo, the beft remedy I could

think

* Perhaps the Duke of Ormond.

f George Clarke, Dctfor of Laws, Fellow of All Souls, who
had been Secretary to Prince George of_Denmsik, as Lord
High Admir?,!, and was Member of Parliament for the Uni-
yerfity of Oxford.

J Dr Swift was at this time in Berkihirc. Barber.



CORRESPONDENCE. 87

think of, was, to write him a very civil anfwer ;
in which, however, I have defired to fee the
alterations : This is mentioned with great refpect
to my Lord. Though he is promifed to have it
again to-morrow, it is probable he may be di-
appointed ; and there may be time enough for
me to receive your directions what I ftull do,
when I get it into my hands. If the alterations
are material, Shall I fend it to fome other printer-
as it was firft written * ? Reflect upon ever/
thing you think likely to happen, and tell me
before-hand what is proper to be done, that no
more time may be loft. I hate the dog, for mak-
ing his court in fuch manner.

I am very forry you have had occafion to re-
move your premier minifter. We are told now,
we (hall have no change in our's, and that the
Duke of Shrewfbury will perfectly reconcile all
matters. I am fure you will not believe this, any
more than I do ; but tue dragon f has been more
chearful th?n iifual for three or four days ; and
therefor -.pic conclude the breaches are heal-
ed. I raiber incline to the opinion of thofe who
fay he is to be made a Duke, and to have a pen-
fion. Another reafon given why there is to be
no change, is, becaufe the parliament was not
adjourned to iliue new writs in the room of thofe
H 2 who>

* This was a pamphlet, intitlccl, Tfavgbts on the Prcfent State
ef Affairs. The Queen's death prevented the publication of it
in tb.jfe times. It never appeared until the year 1741.
The Earl of Oxford.



S3 DEAN SWIFT's

who were to come in upon the new fcheme, that
they might fit in the Houfe at the next meeting.
But I can't fee why an adjournment may not do
as well at the beginning as at the end of a Seffion ,
and certainly it will difpleafe lefs in January or
February, than it would have done in July. The
Whigs give out, the Duke of Mariborough is
coming over, and his hcufe is actually now fitting
up at St James's. We have had more variety of
lies of late, than ever I remember. The hiftory
we were formerly talking of, would fwell to a
pr/odigious fize, if it was carried on. There was
a fire laft night in Tower-Hill, that burnt down
forty or fifty houfes. You fay nothing of com-
ing to town. I hope you don't mean to fteal
away to Ireland, without feeing us.



LETTER CCVII.

ERASMUS LEWIS, ESQj TO DR SWIFT.

July 17, 1714-

I AM forry to find, by thofe that have frefher
advices from you, than your's of the ele-
venth inftant to me, that Parvifol's * conduct

puts

* Parvifol was the Dean's agent in Ireland. The Dean's ob-
fervations on the names marked A, B, C, are thus written on
the blank part of the original letter. [A] Mr Mafham, who
was the Queen's favourite, fell out in a rage, reproaching Lord
Oxford vciyinjurioufly. [B] The Dragon, Lord Treasurer Ox-
ford, fo called by the Dean, by contraries ; for he was the
xnildefr, vnfeft, and beft mtnifter that ever ferved a Prince,
[d] Lord Bolingbroke, called fo by Mr Lewis.



CORRESPONDENCE. %>

puts you under a neceffity of changing the admi-
iiiftration ; for it will probably draw you to Ire-
land whether you will or no. However, I hope
to fee you at Bath three weeks hence, whatever
happens. I meet with no man or woman, who
pretend, upon any probable grounds, to judge
who will carry the great point. [A] our femal
friend, told [B] the dragon, in her own houfe,
lafl Thurfday morning, thde words : " You never
did the Queen any fervice, nor are you capable
of doing her any." He made no reply, but fup-
ped with her, and [C] Mercurialis, that night, at
her own houfe. His revenge is not the lefs me-
ditated for that. He tells the words clearly and
diftindlly to all mankind. Thofe who range un-
der his banner, call her ten thoufand bitches and
kitchen-wenches. Thofe who hate him, do the
fame. And from my heart I grieve, that Hie
fhould give fuch a loofc to her paffion ; for ihe
is fufceptible of true frienufliip, and has many
fociable and domeftic virtues. The great attor-
ney *, who made you the {ham offer of the
Yorkthirc living, had a long conference with the
dragon on Thurfday, khTed him at parting, and
curled him at night. He went to the country
yefterday ; from whence, fome conjecture, no-
thing conftderable will be done foon. Lord Har-
ley f, and Lady Harriot j, went this morning to
H 3 Oxford..

* Perhaps Lord Chancellor H.ircourt.

f Edward, fon to tr.e Lord 'i\e:.flutT Oxford"..

Wife of Lord



po DEANSWIF T's

Oxford. He has finifhed all matters with Lord
Pelham *, as far as can be done without an Act
of Parliament. The composition was figned by
the auditor, and Naylor, brother-in-law to Pel-
ham. This day fe'nnight Lord Harley is to have
the whole Cavendifh eftate, which is valued at
ten thoufand pounds per annum, and has upon it
forty thoufand pounds worth of timber. But
three of this ten thoufand pounds a-year, he had
by the wilL He remits to Lord Pelham the
twenty thoufand pounds charged for Lady Har-
riot's fortune on the Holies eftate ; and gives him
fome patches of land, that lye convenient to him,
to the value of about twenty thoufand pounds
more. According to my computation, Lord
Harley gets by the agreement (if the timber is
worth forty thoufand pounds) one hundred and
forty thoufand pounds ; and when the jointures
fall in to him, will have fixteen thoufand pounds
a-year. But the cant is, twenty-fix thoufand
pounds. Lord Pelham will really have twenty-
fix thoufand pounds a-year from the Newcaftle
family, which, with his paternal eftate, will be
twice as much as Lord Harley's. The eftate of
the latter is judged to be in the beft condition ;
and fome vain-glorious friends of our's fay, it is
worth more than the other's ; but let that pafs.
Adieu.

L E.T-

* The prefcnt Duke of Newcastle.



CORRESPONDENCE. 91
LETTER CCVIII.

LORD HARLEY TO DR. SWIFT.

BROTHER * SWIFT, July 17, 1714.

YOUR fitter f has at laft got rid of her
lawyers. We are juft fetting out for Ox-
ford, where we hope to fee you. I am your
affeaionate brother, HARLEY.

LETTER CCIX.

DR. ARBUTHNOTT TO D!l SWIFT.

DEAR BROTHER, London, July 17, 1714.

I THOUGHT it neceffiiry to fpeak to Lady
Mafham about that affair, becaufe I believe
it will be neceffary to give her Majefty the fame
notion of it, which the memorial does J, and
not that you are aiking a little fcandalous falary

for

* A company of fixtecn, all men of the firft clafs, Swift in-
cluded, dined once a week at the houfe of each other, by rota-
tion, and went under the general denomination of Brothers.
The number was afterwards enlarged, w and they dined at a
tavern every Thurfday. Lord Harley was one, which accounts
for the addrefs of this Letter.

f Lady Henrietta Har'.ey, wife of Lord Ilsrley.

J A memorial to the Queen, humbly defiring her Majefty to
appoint him hiftoriographer. See Swift's Letter to Mifs Van-
Homrigh, in this collection, dated Auguft i, 1714.



92 D E A N S W I F T's

for a finecure. Lewis defpairs of it, and thinks
it quit? over fince a certain affair. I will not
think fb. I gave your letter, with the inclofed
memorial cavaHcrmet!t t to Lord Bolingbroke. He
read it, and feemed concerned at fome part of
it, expreffing himfelf thus - y " That it would be
" amongfc the eternal fcandals of the government,
" to fuffer a man of your character, that had fo
" well deferred of them, to have the leaft un-
" eafy thought about thofe matters." As to
the fifty pounds, he was ready to pay it ; and,
if he had it about him, would have given it me.
The dragon was all the while walking with the
Duke of Shrewsbury. So my Lord Bolingbroke
told me, " I would immediately ftir in this mat-
" ter, but I know not how I ftand with fome
" folks ;" (for the Duke of Shrewfbury has
taken himfelf to the dragon in appearance). " I
tc know how I ftand with that man " (pointing
to the dragon). " But as to the other, I can-
" not tell : However, I will claim his promife :"
And fo he took the memorial.

Do not think I make you a bare compliment
in what I am going to fay : For I can allure you
I am in earneft. I am in hopes to have two
hundred pounds before 1 go out of town, and;
you may command all or any part of it you
pleafe, as long as you have occafion for it. I
know what you will fay ; " To fee a fcoundrel
" pretend to offer to lend me money." Our
fituation at prefent is in fhort thus : They have



CORRESPONDENCE. 93

rompti en vi/ifft with the dragon, and yet don't
know how to do without him. My Lady Ma-
fh;im has in a mariner bid him defiance, without
any fcheme or likenefs of it, in any form or
fhape, as far as I can fee. Notwithstanding he
vifits, cringes, flatters, c. which is beyond my
comprehenfion.

I have a very comical account of Letcombe,
and the Dean of St Patrick's, from Pope, with
an epifode of the burning-glafs. I was going to
make an epigram upon the imagination of your
burning your own hiftory with a burning-glafs.
I wifb. Pope or Parnell would put it into rhyme.
The thought is this : Apollo fpeaks ; " That
" fince he had infpired you to reveal thofe
tJ things, which were hid, even from his own
" light, fuch as the feeble fprings of fome great
" events ; and perceiving that a faction, who
" could not bear their deeds to be brought to
" light, had condemned it to an ignominious
" flame 5 that it might not perifli fo, he was
" refolved to confume it with his own; a cele-
<{ ftial one." And then you mufb conclude with
fome fimile ; thus, &c. There are two or three
that will fit it.

Whifton has at laft publifhed his projetH: of
the longitude ; the moft ridiculous thing, that
ever was thought on. But, a pox on him ! he
has fpoiled one of my papers of Scriblerus, which
was a propofal for the longitude, not very un-
like his, to this purpofe : That fince there was

no



94 DEAN SWIFT's

no pole for eaft and weft, that all the princes of
Europe fhould join and build two prodigious
poles, upon high mountains, with a vaft light-
houfe, to ferve for a pole-ftar. I was thinking of
a calculation of the time, charges, and dimen-
fions. Now, you muft underftand, his project
is by light-houfes, and explofion of bombs at a
certain hour.

Lewis invited me to dinner to-day, and has
difappointed me. I thought to have faid fome-
thing more about you. I have nothing more to
add, but, my dear friend, adieu.

L E T T E-R -CCX.

TO THE DUKE OF ORMOND.

MY LORD, July 17, 1714.

I NEVER, expected that a great man fhould
remember me in abfence ; becaufe I knew
it was unreafonable, and that your Grace is too
much troubled with perfons about you, to think,
of thofe who are out of the way. But, if. Dr
Pratt has done me right, I am miftaken ; and
your Grace has almoft declared, that you expect-
ed a letter from me : Which you fhould never
have had, if the miniftry had been like you ; for
then I fhould have been always near enough to
have carried my own meflage?. But I was hear-
tily weary of them ; and your Grace will be my
witnefs, that 1 defpaired of any good fuccels,

from



CORRESPONDENCE. 95

from their manner of 'proceeding, fome months
before I left town ; where I thought it became
me to continue no longer, when I could do no
fervice, either to myfelf, my friends, or the
public. By the accounts I have from particular
friends, I find the animofity between the two
great men does not at all diminifh : Tho* I hear
it is given out, that your Grace's fucceflbr * has
undertaken a general reconcilement. If it be true,
this will fucceed like the reft of his late under-
takings.

I muft beg your Grace's pardon, if I intreat
you, for feveral reafons, to fee Lady Mafham as
often as you conveniently can : And I muft like-
wife defire you, to exert yourfelf in the difpofal
of the bifhoprics in Ireland. It is a fcandal to
the Crown, and an injury to the Church, that
they fhould be fo long delayed. There are fome
hot-headed people on the other fide the water,
who underftand nothing of our Court, and
would confound every thing ; always employed
to raifc tUemfelve? upon the ruins of thofe cha-
racters they have biafted. I wifli their inter-
meddling may not occailon a worfe choice than
your Grace approved of Lift winter. However,
I beg you will take care that no- injury be done
to I)r Pratt or Dr Elvvood, who have more merit
and candour than a hundred of their detractors.
I am, with the greateft refpecl, my Lord, your
Grace's moft obedient, and moft obliged humble
fervant, J. S.

LET-

* The Duke of Shrcwfbury.



9 6 DEAN SWIFT's

^LETTER CCXI.

CHARLES FORD, ESQJ TO DR SWIFT.

London, July 17, 1714.

A SECOND to-morrow is almoft paft, and
nothing has been yet left at St Dunftan's.
B. * will lofe by his prodigious cunning ; but that
is nothing to the punifliment he deferves. Had
it been only his fear, he would have chofen fome-
body elfe to confult with ; but the rogue found
out it was well written, and faw the paflages that
galled. I am heartily vext at the other perfon f,
from whom one might have expected a more ho-
nourable proceeding. There is fomething very
mean in his defiring to make alterations, when I
am fure he has no reafon to complain, and is at
leaft as fairly dealt with as his competitor J. Be-
tides, a great part of it is as much for his fervice,
as if he had given directions himfelf to have it
done. What i-elates to the Pretender, is of the ut-
mofrufe to him ; and therefore I am as much fur-
prized at this delay, as at- his ungenerous manner
of treating an unknown author, to whom he is fo
much obliged. But perhaps I may wrong him,
and he won't delire to turn the whole to his
own advantage. If it had come to me yefterday,
or to-day, I wasrefolved to have lent it to fome
i other

* Barber. f Lord Bulingbrckc. J Lord Oxford.



CORRESPONDENCE. 97

Other printer, without any amendment ; but now
I fliall wait till I have your directions. I wifh, you
had employed fomebody elfe at firft ; but what
iignifies wifhjng now ? After what B._* writ in

his laft, I can hardly think he will be fuch a

as not to let me have it : And in my anfwer, I
have given him all manner of encouragement to
do it. He has as much affurance as he can well
defire, that the alterations fhall be complied with ;
and a pofitive promrfe, that it ihall be returned to
him, the fame day he leaves it, at St Dunftan's.

I can't imagine why we have no mifchief yet.
Sure we are not to be difappointed at laft, after the
buftle that has been made. It is impoffible they f
can ever agree, and I want fomething to make my
letters ftill entertaining. I doubt you will hard-
ly thank me for them, now the parliament is up j
but as foon as any thing happens, you fhall know
it.

The Queen has not yet appointed the time for
removing to Wiudfor. My Lord Chief Baron
Ward is dead, and we have already named feven.
fucceffbrs, among whom is our Lord Chancellor
Phipps. Frank Anncfley was to have his place
under my Lord Anglefcy, fo that it is well for
him we have provided him with another for life.

VOL. XV. I LET-

* Barber. f Lords Oxford and Bolingbroke.



$B 'DEAN SWIFT'S
LETTER CCXII.

CHARLES FORD, ESQJ TO DR SWIFT.

London , July 20, 1714.

WHO would ever do any thing for them,
when they are fo negligent of their own
intereft ? The Captain muft- feej what ufe it would
be to him to have it publiftied, and yet he has not
returned it. You have another copy by you : I
wifh you would fend it ; and if you don't care it
fhould appear in your own hand, I will get it
tranfcribed. My fecretary is a boy of ten or
eleven years old. And no difcovery can be made
by him. I don't know what my Lord Boling-
broke may do ; but I dare fay, Barber does not
fufpeft from whence it comes. However, I won-
der he has not mentioned it to you *.

I thought you had heard the Historiographer's
place has been difpofed of this fortnight. I know
no more of him that has it, than that his name
is Maddocks f. It would be impudence in
them to fend for you, but I hope you will come.
A reconcilement is impoffible ; and I can guefs
no reafon why matters "are delayed, unlefs it be
to gain over fome Lords, who ftick firm to the
Dragon, and others that are averfe to the Cap-
tain . The Duke of Shrewfbury declares againft

him

* This relates to the Free Thoughts.

f Thomas Maddocks, Efq; \ Lord Bolingbroke.



CORRESPONDENCE. 99

him in private convcrfation ; I fuppofe becaufc
he is agnirift every chief hiinifter, for it is known
he has no kindnefs for the Colonel *. Lord An-
glefey rails at the Chancellor, for fome opinion
the Attorney and Solicitor GerTeral have given
relating to Ireland. Who can act, when tfc|y
have fo much caprice to deal with ?

Mr Lewis fays, he will fpeak to Mr Bromley
for his part, and will engage it fhall be paid as
foon as Lord Bolingbroke has given his. But
it was mentioned before my Lord Treafurer, and
he immediately took the whole uponhimfelf. If
they lived near one another, and a houfe between
them was on fire, I fancy they would contend
who fhould put it out, until the whole ftreet was
burned. Mr Lewis goes into Wales the week
after next. I (hall have the whole town to my-
felf. Now it is my own, I begin npt to value it:
Pope and Parnell tell me you defign them a vifiu
When do you go? If you are with them in the
middle, of a week, I ihould be glad to meet you
there. Let me know where you are to be" in He-
refordihire, and I will fend you fome claret. It
is no compliment, for I am overftocked, and it
will decay before I drink it. You fhall have
either old or new ; I have too much of both.

Pray fend me the other copy f, or put me in
a way of recovering the former. I am, &c.



I 2 LET-



* Lord Oxford.

f Of the Free Thoughts.



ico DEAN SWIFT's

LETTER CCXIII.

ER7TSMUS LEWIS, ESQ_; TO DR SWIFT.

SIR, Whitehall, July 22, 1714.

I RECEIVED a letter from you Lift Monday,
for my Lord Treafurer, in a blank cover.
Laft Friday Lord Chancellor went into the coun-
try, with a defign to ftay there till the tenth of
Auguft , but laft Tuefday he was fent for exprefs
by Lord Bolingbroke. Next Tuefday the Queen
goes to Winclfor. What changes we are to have,
will probably appear before fhe goes. Dr Ar-
buthnott dines with me to-day ; and in the even-
ing, we go to Kenfington.

LETTER CCXIV.

THE DUKE OF ORMOND * TO DR SWIFT.
S I R, .^ July 22, 1714.

I AM very glad to hear from you. I thought
you had hid yourfelf from the world f, and
given over all thoughts of your friends. 1 am

very

* He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in the year
' 1710. He fucceedcd the Duke of Marlborough, in the com-
mand of the army, and his Duchefs was Lady of the Bed-
chamber.

f He was now retired into EuckinghamfBirC.



CORRESPONDENCE. ici

very furry for the reafon of your retirement. I
am a witnefs to your endeavours to have made up,
what I believe the great man you mention, will
hardly compafs. I am of your opinion, that it is
fhameful that the vacant bifhopricks are not dif-
pofed of. I {hall do all that lies in my power to
ferve the Gentlemen that I have already men-
tioned to the Queen, and hope with good fuccefs.
For the Lady you mention *, I {hall endeavour
to fee her as often as I can. She is one that I
have a great efteem for. I fend you fome Bur-
gundy, which I hope you will like. It is very
good to cure the fpleen. Believe me, with great
truth, Sir, your moft afFe&ionate friend, and
humble fervant,

O R M O N D.
See Letter CC. to which
this is an Anfwer.



LETTER CCXV.

CHARLES FORD, ESQJ TO DR SWIFT.

London, July 22,

PRAY fend me the other copy, and let us
have the benefit of it, fince you have been

at the trouble of writing. Unlcfs J be fer-

I 3 ved

* Lady Mafham.

f The blank fhould probably be filled up with the word Trea-
&rer, or Oxford.



102 DEANSWIFT's

ved againft his will, it is not like to be done at
all ; but I think you ufed to take a pleafure in
good offices of that kind ; and I hope you won't
let the caufe fufler ; though I 'mull own, in this
particular, the perfon who has the management
of it, does not deferve any favour. Nothing
being left for me at St Dunftan's, I fent to 13 f
for aa anfwer to my laft. He fays it is not yet
reftored to him ; as foon as it is, I fhall have it.
This delay begins to make me think all minifters
are alike ; and as foon as the Captain is a Colonel,
he will a6l as his predeceffors have done.

The Queen- goes to Wind for next Tuefday,
and we expect all matters will be fettled before
that tune. We have had a report, that my Lord
Privy Seal is to go out alone ; but the Learned
only laugh at it. The Captain's J friends think
themfelves fecure ; and the Colonel's |j are fo
much of the fame opinion, that they only drink
his health while he is yet alive. However, it is
thought he will fall afy, with a penlion of four
thoufand pounds a-year, and a dukedom. Moft
of the ftaunch Tories are pleafed with the altera-
tion ; and the Whimiicals pretend, the caufe of
their clifguft was, becaufe the Whigs were too
much favoured.

In fhort, we propofe very happy days to our-
fclves, as long as this reign lafts ; and if the un-
certain timorous nature of does not difap-

point us, we have a very fair profpect. The Dra-
gon

f Darlcr. \ Bclingbroke. I Oxford.



CORRESPONDENCE. 103

gon and his antagonift * meet every day at the
Cabinet. They often eat, and drink, and walk
together, as if there was no fort of difagree-
ment : And when they part, I hear they give one
another fuch names, as nobody but minifters of
ftate could bear, without cutting throats. The
Duke of Marlborough is expefted here every day.
Dr Garth fays, he only comes to drink the Bri-
fi:ol waters, for a diabetes. The Whigs are mak-
ing great preparations to receive him. But ye-
fterday i was offered considerable odds, that not
one of thofe who go out to meet him, will vifit
him in half-a-year. I durft not lay, though I can
hardly think it. My Lord Marr is married to
Lady Francis Fierrepoint ; and my Lord Dor-
chefter, her father, is to be married next week
to Lady Bell Bentinck. Let me know if you go
to Pope's, that I may endeavour to meet you
there ? I am, &c.



LETTER CCXVI.

CHAR.LES FORD, ESQj TO DR SWJFT.

London , July 24, 1714.
E -expected the grand affair would.have
been done yefterday, and now every
body agrees it will be to-night f. The Bifhop

of

* Bolingbroke. f The difmiflion of Lord Oxford.



io 4 D E A N S W I F T's

of London, Lord Bathurft, Mr Bridges, Sir
William Wyndham, and Campion, are named
for Commiffioners of the Treafury ; but I have
not fufficient authority for you to depend upon
it. They talk of the Duke of Qrmond for our
Lord Lieutenant. I cannot get the pamphlet
back *. What (hall I do ? I wifh you would fend
me the other copy. My Lord Anglefey goes next
Monday to Ireland. I hear he is only angry with
the Chancellor, and not at all with the Captain..
I am, &c.



L . E T T E R CCXVII.

ERASMUS LEWIS, ESQ^ TO DR SWIFT.

Whitehall, July 24, 1714.

I SAW Lord Harley this morning. He tells



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