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me, that he left you horridly in the dumps.
I wifh you were here ; for, after giving a quar-
ter of an hour's vent to our grief for the de-
parture of our Don Quixot )-, we fhould recover
ourfelves, and receive confolation from each

other.

* Free Thoughts.

f Lord Oxford, who was juft at this time difmifTed from his
employment as firfl minifler, and immediately fucceeded by
Lord Bolingbroke. On Tuefday the 27th of > the fame month,
he furrendered his ftaff as Lord Treafurer ; and on the joth,
Lord Shrewfbury was appointed to fucceed him in that office.
See the letter from Mr Ford, dated July 31 ; and an Inquiry
into the behaviour of the Queen's laft miniflry, in the volume*
ptiblilhed, by Mr Deane Swift.



CORRESPONDENCE. 105

other. The triumph of the enemy makes me
mad. I feel a ftrange tendernefs within myfclf,
and fcarce bear the thoughts of dating letters
from this place, when my old friend is out,
vvhofe fortune 1 have ihared for fo many years.
Butj^Sa/ I'olnntas tua. The damned thing is, we
are to do all dirty work. We are to turn out
Monckton *. And, I hear, we are to pafs the
new commifiion of the Treafury. For God's fake
write 10 Lady Mafham, in favour of poor Tho-
mas f, to preferve him from ruin. I will fecond
it. I intended to have wrote to you a long let-
ter ; but the moment 1 had turned this p;ige, I
had intelligence, that the Dragon had broke out
into a fiery, paffion with my Lord Chancellor J,
and fwore a thoufand oaths he would be reven-
ged of him. This impotent, womanifli behaviour,
vexes me more than his being out. This laft

ftroke

* Robert Monckton, one of the CommifTioners for Trade
and Plantations, who had given information again (I Arthur
Moore, one of his brother commiffioners, for accepting a bribe
from the Spanifh Court, to get the treaty of commerce conti-
nued.

t Mr Thomas had been Secretary under the old commiflion
of the Trcafuiy ; ;>.nd he \\rote to the Ucan, by the fame port,
for a i-eeomimndatbn to Lady Mafbam, either to be continued
i". the fame office under the new Commiflioners, or to he con-
fide ed iii-fome other manner by way of compt nfation. He UITCS
a p trident for this in the cafe of his prtdecclior, who, being te-
ed from his port of Secretary, got the office of Comptroller
he lotteries, worth five hundred pounds
y-two years.
Loid Jim-court.



io<5 D E A N S W I F T ' <r

flroke (Lews, ^rtantttlajtnt hominum corpiifcula. I
am determined for the Bath, on the fecond or
die ninth of Auguft at fartheft.



LETTER CCXVIII.

DR ARBUTHNOTT TO DR SWIFT.

DEAR BROTHER, July 24, 1714.

I SUPPOSE you have recejved the account of
St Kilda. There is an officer there, who is a
fort of tribunus plebis y whofe office it is to repre-
fent the grievances of the people to the Laird of
M'Leod, who is fuppofed to be their oppreflbr.
He is bound to contradict the laird, till he gives
him three ftrokes with a cane over the head, and
then he is at liberty to fubmit. This I have done,,
and fo has your friend Lewis. It has been faid,
that we and the Dean were the authors of alL
that has fince happened, by keeping the Dragon
in, when there was an offer to lay down. I was
told to my face, that what I faid in this cafe went
for nothing ; that I did not care, if the great per-
fon's affairs went to entire ruin, fo I could fup-
port the interefts of the Dragon. That I did not
know the half of his proceedings. Particularly
it was faid, though I am confident it was a mif-
take, that he had attempted the removing her
from the favour of a great perfon. In fhort,
the fall of the Dragon does not proceed altogether

from



CORRESPONDENCE. 107

from his old friend, but from the great perfon
whom I perceive to be highly offended, by little
hints that I have received. In fhort, the Dragon
has been fo ill ufed, and muft ferve upon fuch.
terms for the future, if he fhould, that I fwear
I would not advife Turk, Jew, nor Infidel, to be
in that ftate. Come up to town, and I can tell
you more. I have been but indifferently treated
myfelf, by fomebody at Court, in fmall concerns.
I can tell you who it is. But mum for that.
Adieu.



LETTER CCXIX.

TO LORD OXFORD,

On hearing his Intention to refign his Staff.

MY LORD, July 25, 1714.

TO-Morrow fe'n night I {hall fet out frpm
hence to Ireland ; my licence for abfence
being fo near out, that I can flay no longer
without taking another. I fay this, that if you
have any commands, I fhall have juft time
enough to receive them before I go. And, if
you refign in a few days, as I am told you defign
to do, you may poffibly retire to Here for dfh ire,
where I fhall readily attend you, if you foon
withdraw ; or, after a few months in Ireland,
I will return at the beginning of Winter, if you
pleafe to command me. I fpeak in the dark, be-

caufe



io8 D E A N S W I F T's

caufe I am altogether fo ; and what I fay, may
be abfurd. You will pleafe to pardon me j for,
as I am wholly ignorant, fo I have none of your
compofure of mind. I pray God Almighty direct
'and defend you, &c.



LETTER CCXX.

THE EARL OXFORD TO DR SWIFT.

>/y 27, 1714*-

IF I tell my dear friend the value I put upon
his undeferved friendfhip, it will look like
fufpecting you or myfelf. Though I have had
no power fince the twenty-fifth of July, 1713-1-,
I believe now, as a private man, I may prevail
to renew your licence of abfence, conditionally
you will be prefent with me ; for to-morrow
morning I iliall be a private perfon. When I
have fettled my domeftic affairs here, I go to
Wimple ; thence, alone, to Herefordshire. If
I have not tired you, tete-a-tete, fling away fo
much time upon one who loves you. And I
i believe,

* Juft before the lofs of his fluff-

f The Earl of Oxford, in his brief account of public affairs,
prefented to the Queen on the ninth of June 1714, and pnb-
lifhed in the Report of the Secret Committee, mentions, That
he wrote a large letter, dated July 25, 1713, to Lord Boling-
broke, " containing his fcheme of the Quetn's affairs, and what
" was neceffary for Lord Bolingbroke to do ;" which letter was
anfvvered by that Lord, on the 271!) of that month.



CORRESPONDENCE. 109

believe, in the tnafs of fouls, our's were placed
near each other. I fend you an imitation of
DryJen, as I went to Kenfington.

To ferve with love,

And fhed your blood,
Approved is above :

But here below,
Th' examples (hew,

'Tis fatal to be good.



LETTER CCXXI.

ERASMUS LEWIS, ESQJ TO DR SWIFT.

S I R, Whitehall, July*!, 1714.

I HAVE your's of the twenty-fifth. You judge
very right ; it is not the going out, but the
manner, that enrages me. The Queen has told
all the Lords the reafons of her parting with
him, viz. That he neglected all bufinefs ; that he
was feldom to be underftood j that when he
did explain himfelf, Ihe could not depend upon
the truth of what he fold; that he never came
to her at the time Hie appointed ; that, laftly,
to crown all, he behaved himfelf towards her
with bad manners, indecency, and uifrefpect.
Pudct hc?c opprobria nobis.

I am diftracled with the thoughts of this, and

the pride of the conqueror *. I would give the

VOL. XV. K world

* Lord Bolingbroke.



jio DEAN S W I F T's

world I could go out of town to-morrow; bat
the Secretary faith, I muft not go till he returns,
which will not be till the fixteenth of Auguft,
or perhaps the twenty-third ; but I am in hopes
I may go towards Bath the fixteenth.

The runners are already employed to go to all
the coffee-houfes. They rail to the pit of hell. I
am ready to burft for want of vent. The * ftick
is yet in his hand, becaufe they cannot agree who
fhall be the new Commiffioners. We fuppofe
the blow will be given to-night, or to-morrow
morning. The fterility of good and able men is
incredible. When the matter is over, I will
wait upon our fhe-friend f. If (he receives me
as ufual, I'll propofe to her, that I will ferve
where I do, provided I may be countenanced,
and at full liberty to pay my duty to all the Har-
leian family in the fame manner I ufed to do. If
that is not allowed me in the utmoft extent, con-
fiftent with my truft here, I will propofe an em-
ployment in the revenues, or to go out without
any thing ; for I will not be debarred going to

him.

* On the night of Tuefday July 47th, the day on which this
ktter is dated, a Cabinet Council was held (after the Earl of Ox-
ford had re/igned the ftaff, which he did on that clay) to con-
fult what perfons to be put in commiflion for the management
of the Treafury. The number to be five. Sir William Wynd-
)>am, Chancellor of the Exchequer, was to be one ; but they
could not agree in the choice of the other four. Their debate
about the matter laftcd till near two o'clock in the morning ;
at which the Qiieen being prefent, it raifed a violent agitation
in her fpirits, which affected her head.

f Lady Mafham.



CORRESPONDENCE. in

him. If flie does not receive me as (he ufed to
do, I will never go again. I flatter myfelf (he
will be fo friendly, as to enter into the confide ra-
tion of my private circumftances, and preferve
her old goodnefs to me.

There is no feeing the Dragon till he is out,
and then I will know his thoughts about your
coming to Brampton. I hear he goes out of
town inftantly to Wimple, and my Lady to Bramp-
ton ; that he will join her there, after a few days
ftay at Wimple. Adieu. I am your's, &c..



LETTER CCXXII.

LADY MASHAM * TO DR SWIFT.

MY GOOD FRIEND, July 29, 1714.

1OWN it looks unkind in me, not to thank
you, in all this time, for your fincere kind
letter ; but I was refolved to ftay till I could tell
you the Queen had got fo far the better of the
Dragon, as to t?.ke her power out of his Rands.
He has been the raoft ungrateful man to her, and
to all his beft friends, that ever was born. I can*
not have fo much time now to write all my mind,
becaufe my dear miftrefs is not well, and I think
K 2 I

* This Lady'& name was Hill. She was bed-chamber woman
to the Queen, and, in conjunftion with Mr Harley, afterwards
Earl of Oxford, brought about the change in the miniftry. See
the note to a letter from Lord and Lad/ Malham, dated April
*7, 1733-



ii2 D E A N S W I F T's

I may lay her illnefs to the charge of the Treafu-
rer, who, for three weeks together, was teazing
and vexing her without intermiillon, and {he
could not get rid of him till Tuefday laft. I
muft put you in mind of one pafTage in your
letter to me, which is, " I pray God fend you
wife and faithful friends, to advife you at this
time, when there are fo great difficulties to ftrug-
gle with." That is very plain and true ; there-
fore will you, who have gone through fo much,
and taken more pains than any body, and given
wife advice (if that wretched man had had fenfe
enough and honefty to have taken it) , I fay,
will you leave us, and go into Ireland ? No, it is
iinnofBhle ; your goodness is {till the f::nje ; your
charity and companion for this poor Lady, who
has been barbaroufly ufed, won't let you do it.
I know you take delight to help the dinrefTed ;
and there cannot be a greater objel, than this
poor Lady, who deferves pity. Pray, dear
friend, fray here ; and don't believe us all alike,
to throw away good advice, and defpife every
body's understanding but their c:,-n. I could fay
a great deal upon the fubjeft ; but I muft go to
her, for fhe is not well. This comes to you by
a fate hand, fo that neither of us need be in any
pain about it.

My Lord and brother are in the country. My
iifler and girls are your humble fervants.

LET-



CORRESPONDENCE. 113



LETTER CCXXIIT.

ERASMUS LEWIS, ESQ^.; TO DR SWIFT.

>

S I R, July 29, 1714:

I HAVE your's of the twenty-feventh. I write
this in the morning, for I go in the evening
to Kenfington. If I am well received, I will
continue my homage ; if not, they (hall hear of
me no more. Where fhall I write to you again ?
for I cannot ftir from hence, till the fixteenth of
Auguft at fooneft. Nothing could pleafe me
more, than to pafs a few months with you at
Abercathy * ; but I am yet uncertain, whether
I fhall go there at all. All I am fure of, is,
that I will go out of town, to fome place, for
fome time ; nrft to the D.ith, for I can't bear
Haying in this room. I want phyfic to help
my digeftion of thefe things, though the 'fquire f
is kinder to me than before. I am not morti-
fied at what you tell' me of Mercurialis ; only
I would know, whether any difrefpeclful con-
duel of mine has brought it upon me ; or whe-
ther it is only a general diflike of me, becaufe I
am not a man of parts, or becaufe I am in other
interefts. They would not give the Dragon the
leaft quarter, excepting only a penfion, if he will
K 3 work

* In Cacrmarthcnfliire, of -which county Mr Lewis was a na-
tive.

f William Bromley, Efq; Secretary of State.



ii 4 D E A N S W I F T's

work journey-work by the quarter. I have long
thought his parts accufed, and am more of that
opinion than ever. The new commiffion is not
yet named. Would not the world have roared
againft the Dragon for fuch a thing ? Mercurialis
entertained Stanhope, Craggs, Pulteney, and
Walpole. "What if the Dragon had done fo ?
The Duke of Somerfet dines to-day with the fra-
ternity, at Greenwich, with Withers. Nobody
goes out with the Dragon ; but many will fit very
loofe. Some fay, the new men will be Lexing-
ton, Wyndharn, Strangeways, Sir John Stone-
houfe, and Champion.



LETTER CCXXIV.

MR JOHN BARBER TO I5R SWIFT.

DE A R S i R , July 31, 1714. Pa/1 Six fit Night.

I A M heartily forry I fhould be the meiTenger
of fo ill news, as to tell you the Queen is
dead, or dying : If alive, 'tis faid, {he can't live
'till morning. You may eafily imagine the con-
fufion we are all in on this fad occafion. I had
let out y-efterday to wait on you, but for this fad
accident ; and lliould have brought letters from
Lord Bolingbroke, and Lady Mafliam, to have
prevented your going. Pray don't go, for I
will come to you when I fee how things ftand.
My Lord Shrewlbury is made Lord Treafurer,

and



CORRESPONDENCE. n s

rmd every thing is ready for the proclaiming the
Duke of Brunfwick King of England. The par-
liament will fit to-morrow, and chufe a new
fpeaker, for Sir Thomas * is in "Wales.

For God's fake don't go ; but either come to
London, or ftay till T come to you. 1 am, &c.



L E- T T E R CCXXV.

ERASMUS LEWIS, ESQJ TO DR SV/IFT.

Kenftngtony Saturday, July 31, 1714.
SIR, Six in the Evening.

AT the time I am writing, the breath is faid
to be in the Queen's noftrils \ but that is
all. No hope left of her recovery. Lord Ox-
ford is in Council ; fo are the Whigs. We ex-
pect the demife to-night. There is a profpect,
that the Eleclor will meet with no oppofition j
the French having no fleet, nor being able to put
one out foon. Lady Mafham did receive me
kindly. Poor woman, I heartily pity her. Now,
is not the Dragon born under a happy planet, to
be out of the fcrape ? Dr Arbuthnott thinks you
fliould come up. You will not wonder, if all
my country refolutions are in fufpence. Pray
come up, to fee ho\v things go.

LET-

* Hanmer.



Ii6 D E A N S WI F T'*

LETTER CCXXVI.

CHARLES FORD, ESQ.; TO DR SWIFT.

London, July 31, 1714. Three in the Afternoon:

I DON'T doubt but you have heard the Queen
is dead, and perhaps we may be fo unfor-
tunate before this comes to you ; but at prefent
{he is alive, and much better than could have
been expected. I am juft come from Kenfington,
where I have almoft fpent thefe two whole days.
I am in great hafte ; but, till dinner comes up, I
will write to you, and give you as full an account
as I can of her illnefs.

Her diforder began between eight and nine ye-
fterday morning. The doctors ordered her head
to be fhaved ; and, while it was doing, {he fell
into a fit of the convulfion, or, as they thought,
an apoplexy. This Lifted near two hours, and
{he was fpeechlefs, and (hewed little fign of life
during that time ; but {he came to herfelf upon
being blooded.

As foon as fhe recovered, my Lord Boling-
broke went to her, and told her the Privy Coun-
cil was of opinion, it would be for the public
fervice to ha\e the Duke of Shrewfbury made
Lord Treafurer. She immediately confented, and
gave the ftafF into the Duke's hands. The great
feal was put to the patent by four o'clock. She
continued ill the whole day. la the evening I

' fpoke



CORRESPONDENCE. n 7

fpoke to Dr Arbuthnott, and he told me, he
did not think her diilemper was clefperate. Rad-
cliffe was Itnt for to Carfhalton about noon, by
order of Council 5 but faid he had taken phyfic,
and could not come. In all probability he had
fived her life, for I am told the late Lord Gower
had been often in the fame condition with the
gout in his head ; and Radcliffe kept him alive
many years after *. This moraiug, when i went

there

* In the account, that is given of Dr RadclhTe, in the Bio-
gvaphia iiritannica, it is faid, that the Queen was ftruck with
death the a3th of July : That Dr RadcJilfe's name was not
once mentioned, either by the Queen, or any Lord of the Coun-
cil ; only, that Lady Matham fent to him, without their know-
ledge, t*o hours before the Queen's death. In this letter from
Mr Fold to Dean Swift, which is dated the jlft of July, it is
Jaid, that the Qiieen's diiorder began between eight and nine the
morning before, which was the 3Oth ; and that about noon,
the fame day, RadclKTe was tent for by an order of Council.
Thefe accounts being contradictory, the reader will, probably,
want feme afliitaiicc to determine what were ths facts. As to
the time when the Qnecn was taken ill, Mr Ford's account is
mod likely to be true, as he was upon the fpot, and in a fitua-
tion which infured hi.n the bed intelligence. As to the lime
when the Doctor was fent for, the account iu the Biographia is
maniiefily falfe ; for if the Dotor had been fent for only two
hours before the Quten's death, which happened incontertibly
on the fiY(t of Augult, Mr 1'ord could not have mentioned the
fact on the 311! of July, when his letter was dated. Whether
R.ukliiFe was fent for i>y Lady Mafliam, or by order of Council, is
therefore the only point to be determined. That he was gene-
rally reported to have been lent for by order of Council, is cer-
tain ; but a letter is printed in the Biographia, faid to have been
written by the Doctor, to one of his friends, which, fuppoling
it to be genuine, will prove, that the Doftor maintained the

contrary.



ii8 DEANSWIF T's

there before nine, they told me fhe was juft ex-
piring. That account continued above three
hours } and a report was carried to town, that
(he was actually dead. She was not prayed for

even

contrary. On the fifth of Auguft, four days after the Queen's
death, a member of the Houfe of Commons, a friend of the
Doctor's, who was alfo a member, and one who always voted on
the fame fide, moved, that he might be fummoned to attend in
his place, in order to be cenfured for not attending on her Maje-
fty. Upon this occafion the Doiftor is faid to have written the
following letter to another of his. friends :

DEAR SIR, Carjkatton, Auguji 7, 1714.

T COULD not have thought, that fo old an acquaintance, and

A fo good a friend, as Sir J n always profefled himfelf,

would have made fuch a motion againft me. God knows my
will to do her Majefly any fervice, has ever got the (tart of my
ability ; and I have nothing that gives me greater anxiety and
trouble, than the death of that great and glorious Princefs. I
muft do that juftice to the phyficians that attended her in her
illnefs, from a fight of the method that was taken for her pre-
fervation by Dr Mead, as to declare nothing was omitted for her
prefervation ; but the people about her, the plagues of Egypt
fall on them ! put it out of the power of phyfic to be of any be-
nefit to her. I know the nature of attending crowned heads in
their laft moments, too well to be fond of watting upon them,
' without being fent for by a proper authority." You have
heard of pardons being figned for phyficians, before a Sovereign's
demife : However, ill as I was, \ would have went to the Queen
in a horfe-litter, had either " her Majefty, or thofe in commif-
fion next to her," commanded me fo to do. You may tell Sir

J n as much, and aflure him, from me, that his zeal for

her Majefty will not excufe his ill ufage of a fiiend, who has
drank many a hundred bottles with him : And cannot, even
after this breach of a good underftanding, that ever was preferv-
ed between us, but have a very goad efteem for him. I muft alfo

defiro



CORRESPONDENCE. 11$

even at her own chapel at St James's ; and, what
is more infamous, ftocks arofe three per cent, up-
on it in the city. Before I came away, ihe had
recovered a warmth in her breaft and one of her
arms j and all the Doctors agreed, fhe would in

all

defire you to thank Tom Chapman for his fpeech in my behalf,
fince I hear it is the firft he ever made, which is taken more
kindly ; and to acquaint him, that I fhould be glad to fee him
at Carfhalton, fince I fear (for fo the gout tells me) that we
fhall never more fit in the Houfe of Commons together. I am,
&c. JOHNRADCL.IFFE.

But whatever credit may now be paid to this letter, or how-
ever it may now be thought to juftify the Doctor's refufal to at-
tend her Majefty, he became, at that time, fo much the objeft of
popular refentment, that he was apprehenfive of being aiTaffi-
nated ; as appears by the following letter, directed to Dr Mead,
at Child's coffee-houfe, in St Paul's Church-yard :

DEAR SIR, Cbarjbalton, Augufl 3, 1714.

1G1VE you and your brother many thanks for the favour
you intend me to-morrow : And if there is any other friend,
that will be agreeable to you, he (hall meet with a hearty well-
come from me. Dinner (hall be on the table by two, when you
may be fure to find me ready to wait upon you. Nor (hall I be
at any other time from home ; becaufe I have received feveral
letters, which threaten me with being pulled to pieces, if ever I
come to London. After fuch menaces as tbefe, 'tis eafy to ima-
gine, that the converfation of two fuchj very good friends, is not
only extremely defirable, but the enjoyment of it will be a great
happinefs and fatisfaction to him, who is, &c.

JOHN RADCLIFFE.

RadclifFe died on the firft of November the fame year, having
furvived the Queen juft three months; and it is faid, that the
dread he had of the populace, and the want of company in the
country-village, which he did not dare to leave, fhortened his
life. He was jufl fixty-four years old.



lao DEANS W.I F T's

all probability hold out till to-morrow ; except
Mead, who pronounced, feveral hours before,
Ihe could not live two minutes, and feems uneafy
it did not happen fo. I did not care to talk
much to Arbuthnott, becaufe I heard him cau-
tious in his anfwers to other people ; but, by his
manner, I fancy he does not yet abfolutely de-
fpair. The Council fat yefterday all day and
night, taking it by turns to go out and refrefh
themfelves. They have now adjourned upon
what the Doclors faid, till five. Laft night the
Speaker and my Lord Chief Juftice Parker were
fent for, and the troops from Flanders. This
morning the Hanoverian envoy was ordered to
attend with the black box *, and the heraulds to
be in i-eadinefs to proclaim the new King. Some
of the Whigs were at the Council yefterday, but
not one failed to-day ; and moft of the members
of that party, in each Houfe, are already come
to town. If any change happens before the poft
goes out, I will fend you word in a poftfcript ;
and you may conclude her alive, if you hear no
more from me, and have no better authority
than poft-letters to inform you of the contrary.
For God's fake don't think of removing from,
the place where you are, till matters are a little
fettled. Ireland is the laft retreat you ought to
think of ; but you can never be better than you
are now, till we fee how things go.

i I

* Containing the instrument nominating the perfons, in num-
ber thirteen, to be added as Lords Jullices to the feven great
officers ef the realm.



C ORPvESPONDENCE. m

I had your's with the printed pamphlet, as well
as the other, and fhould have fent it away to-
morrow. Pray let me hear from you.

Have you had all mine ? I have failed you but
one poft (I think it was the laft) for a fortnight,
or more.

Eleven at Night.

The Queen is fomething better, and the Coun-
cil again adjourned till eight in the morning.



LETTER CCXXVII.

DR SWIFT TO MISS VANHOMRIGH.



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