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Augujl r, 1714,

WH O told you I was going to Bath I No
fuch thing. But poor Lord Oxford de-
fires I will go with him to Herefordshire ; and I
only expedt his anfwer, whether I fhall go there
before, or meet him hereabouts, or go to Wimple
(his fon's houfe) and fo with him down : And I
expedt to leave this place in two or three days,
one way or other. I will ftay with him till the
Parliament meets again, if he defires it. I am
not of your opinion about Lord Bolingbroke :
Perhaps he may get the ftaff; but I cannot rely
on his love to me. lie knew I had a mind to be
Hiftoriographcr, though I valued it not, but for
the public fervice ; yet it is gone to a worthless
VOL. XV. L rogue,

iZ2 D E A N S W I F T's

rogue, that nobody knows *. I am wrote to ear-
neftly by fomebody, to come to town, and join
with thofe people now in power ; but I will not
do it. Say nothing of this, but guefs the perfon.
I told Lord Oxford, I would go with him, when
he was out ; and now he begs it of me, 1 cannot
refufe him. I meddle not with his faults, as he
was a minifler of ftate ; but you know his per-
fonal kindnefs to me was exceffive. He diftin-
guifhed and chofe me above all other men, while
he was great ; and his letter to me, the other
day, was the moft moving imaginable. When I
am fixed any where, perhaps 1 may be fo graci-
ous to let you know ; but I will not promife.


* He prefented a Memorial to the Queen, on the isth of April
1714, humbly defiring her Majefty to appoint him Hiftoriogra-
pher; which does not fcem to agree with his declaration, in his
letter to Pope, dated loth January 1721, That " this place was
defignecl him ; but that as it was at the difpofal of a perfon who
had not the fmalleft fiiare of fleadinefs or fincerity, he difdained
to accept it." See the Memorial, in the volumes pu'olifhed by
Mr Deane Swift. See alfo Dr Aibuthnott's Letter of July 17,



MR DEAN! Wantage One <? Clock,

Augtift i, 1714.

AT twelve a clock Lord Bolingbroke's man
rid through Wantage, to call Mr Packer
to London, the Queen being dead. I am con-
founded at the melancholy news ; yet could not
forbear fending it to you. Your truly humble

fervant JO. BIRCH,

To the Reverend the Dean of
St Patrick's, Letcombe.



DEAR DEAN, ^''guft 3> 17M'

THE Earl of Oxford was removed on Tuef-
day ; the Queen died on Sunday. What
a world is this ? and how does fortune banter
us ? John Barber * tells me, you have fet your
face towards Ireland. Pray don't go. I am a-
L 2 gainft

* Afterwards Alderman, and chofen Lord Mayor in Septem-
ber 1732. In 1733, he diftinguiihed himfclf in the oppofitkm
to what was called the Excife Scheme.

124 DEANS W I F T's

gain ft it. But that is nothing ; John is againft
it. Ireland will be the fcene of fome diforder, at
leaft it will be the fcene of mortification to your
friends. Here every thing is quiet, and will con-
tinue fo. Befides which, as prosperity dwided,
misfortune may perhaps in fome degree unite us.
The Tories feem to refolve not to be crufhed ;
and that is enough to prevent them from being
fo. Pope has fent me a letter from Gay : Being
learned in geography, he took Binfield * to be
the ready way from Hanover to Whitehall.
Adieu. But come to London, if you ftay no
longer than a fortnight. Ever your's, dear Jo-
nathan, moft fincerely.

I have loft all by the death of the Queen, but
my fpirit ; and I proteft to you, I feel that in-
creafe upon me- The Whigs are a pack of Jaco-
bites : That fliall be the cry in a month, if you



Ttiefday, Augiift 3, 1714.

I AM overwhelmed with bufinefs, and there-
fore have only time to tell you, I received
your's of Auguft the firft, and think you fhould


* A village where Mr Pope's father lived, and whence feveral
of Mr Pope's letters were written. It is in Wmdfor-Foreft, and
lies in Berk (hire.


come to town, to fee how- the world goes : For
all old fchemes, defigns, projects, journies, Sec.
are broke, by this great event. We are all pro-
gnofticators. Every thing goes on with a'tranquil-
lity we durft not hope for. Earl Berkeley com-
mands the fleet. Lord Dorfet compliments the
King. The Duke of Bolton, Lord Lieutenant of
Southampton. Addifon, fecretary to the Regents..



HONOURED SIR, -^ u g l ifl 3>

YOU may eafily imagine the concern we were
all in, at the fudden furprifc of the Queen's
death : I have hardly recovered it yet. Lord
Bolingbroke told me laft Friday, that he would
reconcile you to Lady Somerfet *, and then it
would be eafy to fet you right with the Queen,
and that you fliould be made eafy here, and not
L 3 g

* We are told in the life of Sxvift, prefixed to Bathurft's edi-
tion of his Wr.'ks, that before his acquaintance with Lord Ox-
ford, a bifhopric was intended for him by the Qncen ; but that
.Archbifbop Sharp, and ' a certain great Lady,' having mifre-
prefented his principles and charafter, her Majefiy- g^ve it to
another. The Duchefs of Someriet was this certain great Lady.
She \vas firfl: Lady of the bed-chamber, and Lady of the robes.
gee an account of her interpofing between her Majeily's favour
and the Dean, with her motive, in Vol. XIV. of Swift's Wotks^
Svo edition.

1.2/5 D E AN SWIFT's

go over. He faid twenty things in your favour,
and commanded me to bring you up, whatever
was the confequence. He faid further, he would
make clear work with them. But. all vanished in
a minute ; and he is now threatened and abufed
every day by the parry, who publicly rejoice, and
fwear, tjiey will turn out every Tory in England.

Inclofed, you have a letter from my Lord ; he
defires you will coine up, and be any where in-

TIxe Earl of Berkeley is to command the fleet
to fetch over the King, and the Duke of Argyll
is to go to Scotland. 1 fend you the lift of twen-
ty-five Kings f. Poor Lady Malham is almoft
dead with grief.

The Parliament meets to-morrow, which will
hinder me from coming down for three or four
days , but if you rcfolve to ftay in the country
farther, I will certainly come down : For I muft
needs fee you. Pray favour me with a line. I
am, Sir, your moft obedient humble fervnnt.
Pray corns; up.

When my Lord gave me the letter,
he faid, he hoped you would
come up, and help to fave the
Conftitution, which, with a lit-
tle good management, might be
kept in Tory hands.

} Ths Lords of the Regency.



Londm t Augttft 5, 1714.

I HAVE writ to Dawfon for a licence of
abfence for you j but you know you muft
take the oaths in Ireland within three months.
There are a great many here in the fame circum-
ftances ; and, in all probability, fome of them
will defire an Act of Parliament to have leave to
do it here. In that cafe, it will be no difficult
matter to have you ' included. Mr Lewis tells
me, he wrote to you to come up to town, and
I fee no reafon why you ihould not. All mat-
ters go on very quiet, and we are not apprehen-
flve of any difturbances. Stocks never rofe fo
much in fo few days. This is imputed to the
hatred of the Old Treafurer, and the popularity
of the new one. The Whigs were not in the
Council when he was recommended. Lord Bo-
lingbroke propofed it there, as well as to, the
Queen j and I hope they two are upon very
good terms, though Mr Lewis fcems pofitive of
the contrary. I never heard of any pique the
Duke had to him, but that he was to be chief
minifter : And that being at an end, why may
not they be reconciled ? The Dragon was thought
to fliew more joy upon proclaiming the King,
than was confident with the obligations he had


I Z 8 D E A N S W I F T's

received from . He was biffed all the way

by the mob, and fouie of them threw halters
into his coach. This was not the effect of party ;
for the Duke of Ormond was huz/:Vd through-
out the whole city, and was followed by a vaft
crowd to his own houfe, tho' he ufed all pofliole
endeavours to prevent it. There was an attempt
to affront v the Captain in the cavalcade, but it
did not fucceed j and though a few hiffed, the
acclamations immediately drowned the noife. Not
a fingle % man ihewed the leaft refpecl: to the Co-
lonel 5 and ,laft night my Lord Bingley * was
beaten, by mitlakc, coming out of his houfe. I
doubt he has difobliged bcth fides fo much, that
neither will ever own him ; and his enemies tell
ftories of him, that I iliall not believe till I find
you allow them.

The Lords Juftices made a fpeech to the Par-
liament to-day. If it comes out time enough, I
will fend it you ; but I hear it only contains their
proceedings upon the Queen's death ; that they
have yet received no directions fro'm the King ;
and to defire the Commons to continue the
funds, which are expired. I am told, our He-,
gents are already divided into four parties. The
greateft ufe they have made yet of their power>
is to appoint my Lord Berkeley to command the
fleet which is to bring over the King^ and to


* Who had been appointed ambafiador extraordinary to the
Court of Spain, in the room of Lord Lexington, in JDeceib<x.


make the Duke of Bolton Lord Lieutenant of

I fend you a gazette f, though I am afhamed
to have it feen. I had writ a great deal more
of the Chaeen's illnefs, an account of her birth,
&c. but I could not find out Mr Lewis, and
had nobody to confult with, and therefore chofe
rather to fay too little, than any thing I doubted
might be improper. Yefterday the Duke of
Marlborough made his public entry through the
city : Firft, came, about two hundred horfemen,
three in a row ; then a company of train-bands,
with drums, &c. his own chariot with himfelf j
then his Duchefs, followed by fixteen coaches
with fix horfes, and between thirty and forty with
two horfes. There was no great mob when he
paffed thro' the Pall-Mail, but there was in the
city ; and he was hifled by more than huzza'd.
At Temple -bar, I am aiTured, the noife of hifl-
ing was loudeft, tho' they had prepared their
friends to receive him, and the gathering of
others was only accidental. You may guefs how
great a favourite he is, by fome old ftories of his

behaviour at the camp, when was there,

and afterwards at Hanover ; and by the (hare
he and his family have in the regency. But, to
be fure, this difcreet action will endear him more
than any fubject in England. We had bonefires,
&c. at night. From the lift of the Lords Ju-
ftices, and fome other things, we imagine to

f He was gazetteer.

130 D E A N S W I F T's

ourfelves there will not be many changes, but
that the vacancies for fome time will be filled up
with Whigs.

What I blotted out in my laft, was fomething
that p.ified between the Captain and Barber, re-
lating to you. After I had writ, they told me
all letters would be opened, which made me blot
put that paflage. Barber fays, he gave you fome-
account of it, though not a full one. I really
believe Lord Bolingbroke was very fincere in the
profeffions he made of you, and he could have
done any thing. No miriifter was ever in that
height of favour; and Lady Mafham was, at
leaft, in as much credit, as (he had been in any
time of her life. But thefe are melancholy re-
flections. Pray fend me your poem *, Hoc erat,
&c. or bring it up yourfelf. Barber told me,
he had been feveral hours with the Captain, 'Up-
on a thing that fhould have come out, but was
now at an end f . He did not tell what it was ;
and I would not alk many queftions, for fear of
giving him fufpicion.


* This poem is an imitation of part of the Sixth Satire of the
Second Book of Horace, and is printed in Vol. VI. of Bathurft's
8vo edition of if 54, p. 55.

I often uifh'd, that I had clear,
For life, fix hundred pounds a-year, &c.
f Free thoughts.



S I R, Whitehall, Augiifl 7, 1714.

IT is true you have nothing to do here ; but
what have you to do any where elfe, till you
go to Ireland, where you muft indeed be before
three months end, in order to qualify yourfelf ?
The law requires it, as much as if your deanry
was but now conferred upon you.

Ai-buthnott is removed to Chelfea, and will
fettle there. The town fills every moment. We
are as full in the Houfe of Commons, as at any
time. We are gaping and ftaring, to fee who is
to rule us. The Whigs think, they fhall engrofs
all. We think, we fhall have our fhare. In the
mean time, we have no divifion, at Council, or in
Parliament. I ~ fent twice to Kenfington, to en-
quire after Lady Maftiam's health. Next week
I will go to fee her, and will keep up my ac-
quaintance, in all events, if fhe thinks fit. I
will flay here till our commiffion is either renew-
ed to us, or given to another. I am your's, &c.


i 3 * D E A N S W I F T's



MADAM, ditguft 7, 1714.

IH A D the honour of a letter from your
Ladyftiip a week ago ; and, the day after,
came the unfox'tunate news of the Queen's death,
which made it altogether unfeafonable, as per-
haps it may be ftill, to give your Ladyfhip this
kind of trouble. Although my concern be as
great as that of any other good fubjedt, for the
lofs of fo excellent a Princefs ; yet I can afTure
you, Madam, it is little to what I fuffer upon
your Ladyfhip's particular account. As you
excel in the feveral duties of a tender mother, a
true friend, and a loving wife, fo you have been
the beft and moft faithful fervant to your Mi-
ftrefs, that ever any Sovereign had. And alt ho*
you have not been rewarded fuitable to your
merits, I doubt not but God will make it up .to
you in another life, and to your children and
pofterity in this. I cannot go about to comfort
your Ladyfliip in your great affliction, otherwife
than by begging you to make ufe of your own
/ piety, and your own wifdom, of both which you
have fo .great a fliare. You are no longer a
fervant ; but you are flill a wife, a mother, and
a friend ; and you are bound in confcience to
take care of your health, in order to acquit
i yourfelf


yourfeif of thefe duties, as well as you did of the
other, which is now at an end.

I pray God to fupport your Ladyfhip, under
fo great a fhare of load, in this general calamity :
And remain, with the greateft refpect and truth,
Madam, Your Ladyfhip's

Moft obedient, and

Moft obliged fervant.

I moft heartily thank your Ladyfhip, for the
favourable expreffions and intentions in your
letter, written at a time when you were at the
height of favour and power.



MY LORD, -AugnJ} 7, 1714.

IH A D your's of the third ; and our country-
poft is fo ordered, that I could acknow-
ledge it no fooner. It is true, my Lord, the
events of five days laft week, might furnifh mo-
rals for another volume of Seneca. As to my
Lord Oxford, I told him freely my opinion, be-
fore I left the town, that he ought to refign at
the end of the Seflion. I faid the fame thing
often to your Lordfhip, and my Lady Mafham,
altho' you feemed to think otherwife, for fome
reafons ; and faid fo to him one afternoon, when


I met you there with my Lord Chancellor. But,
I remember, one of the laft nights I faw him, (it
was at Lady Mafham's lodgings) I faid to him,
that, upon the foot your Lordfhip and he then
were, it was impoffible you could ferve together
two months ; and I think I was juft a week out in
my calculation. I am only forry, that it was not a
refignation, rather than a removal ; becaufe the
perfonal kindnefs and diftinction I always re-
ceived from his Lordfhip and you, gave me fuch
a love for you both, (if you great men will allow-
that exp'reffion in a little one), that I refolved to
preferve it entire, however you differed between
vourfelves ; and in this I did, for Tome time, fol-
low your commands and example. I impute it
more to the candour of each of you, than to my
own conducT: ; that having been, for two years,
almoft the only man who went between you, I
never obferved the leaft alteration in either of
your countenances towards me. I will fwear for
no man's fincerity, much lefs for that of a mini-
fter of ftate : But this much I have faid, where-
ever it was proper, that your Lordfhip's propofals
were always the faireft in the world, and I faith-
fully delivered them as I was empowered : And
although I am no very ikilful man at intrigue,
yet I durft forfeit my head, that, if the cafe were
mine, I could either have agreed with you, or
put you dans votre tort. When I faw all reconci-
liation impracticable, I thought to fit retire j and
was refolved, for fome reafous, (not to be men-


tioned at this diftance), to have nothing to do
with whoever was to be laft in. For, either I
fhould not be needed, or not be made ufe of.
And let the cafe be what it would, I had rather
be out of the way. All I pretended was, to fpeak
my thoughts freely, to reprefent perfons and
things without any mingle of my own intereft and
paflions, and fometimes, to make ufe of an evil
inftrument which was like to coft me dear, even
from thofe for whofe fervice it was employed. I
did believe there would be no further occafion for
me, upon any of thofe accounts. Befldes, I had
fo ill an opinion of the Queen's health, that I was
confident you had not a quarter of time left for
the work you had to do ; having let flip the op-
portunity of cultivating thofe dilpofitions {he had
got after her ficknefs at Windfor. I never left
preffing my Lord Oxford with the utmoft ear-
neftnefs, (and perhaps more than became me)
that we might be put in fuch a condition, as not
to lie at mercy on this great event. And ! am
your Lordfhip's witnels, that you have nothing
to anfwer for in that matter. I will, for once,
talk in my trade, and tell you that I never faw
any thing more refemble our proceedings, than a
man of fourfcore, or in a deep confumption, go-
ing on in his fins, although his phyfician a flu red
him he could not live a week. Thofe wonderful
refinements, of keeping men in expectation, and
not letting your friends be too ftrong, might be
proper in their fcafon. Sec! mine non erat his locus.
M 2 Befides,

i 3 <5 DEAN S W 1 F T's

Befides, you kept your bread and butter till it
was too dale for any body to care for it. Thus
your machine, of four years modelling, is dalli-
ed to pieces in a moment : And, as well by the
choice of the Regents, as by their proceedings,
I do not find there is any intention of manag-
ing you in the leaft. The whole nineteen confift
either of the higheft party-men, or (which migh-
tily mends the matter) of fuch who left us upon
the fubjecl of the peace, and affected jealoufies a-
bout the fucceffion. It might reafonably be expec-
ted, that this quiet poffeffion might convince the
Succeflbr of the good difpofitions of the Church-
party towards him ; and I ever thought there
was a mighty failure ibmewhere or other, that
this could not have been done in the Queen's life.

But this is too much for what is part ; and

yet, whoever obfervecl and difliked the caufes,
hath fome title to quarrel with the effects. As to
what is to come, your Lordlhip is in the prime
of your years, plein dss efprits qui fourmjfent les ef-
peranccs ; and you are now again to at that part
(though in another aflembly), which you former-
ly difcharged fo much to your own honour, and
the advantage of your caule. You fet out with
the wind and tide agrvinft you ; yet, at Lift, ar-
rived at your port, from whence you are now
driven back into open fea again. But, not to in-
volve myfelf in an allegory, I doubt, whether, af-
ter this difappointment, you can go on with the
fame vigour you did in your more early youth.



Experience, which has added to your wifdorn,
has lefiened your refolution. You are now a Ge-
neral, who, after many victories, hath loft a bat-
tle, and have not the fame confidence in yourfelf
er your troops. Your fellow-labourers have ei-
ther made their fortunes, or are paft them, or

will go over to feek them on the other fide.

Yet, after all, and to refume a little courage : To
be at the head of the Church-intereft, is no mean
ftation ; and that, as I take it, is now in yonr
Lord (hip's power. In order to which, I could
heartily wiih for that union you mention ; be-
caufe, I need not tell you, that fome are more
dextrous at pulling down their enemies, than, &c.
We have certainly more heads and hands than-.
our adverfaries ; but, it muft be confeffed, they
have fh-onger fhoulders, and better hearts. I on-
ly doubt my friends, the rabble, are at leaft
grown trimmers ; and that, fetting up the cry of
Trade and Wool, againft Sacheverel and the
Church, hath cooled their zeal. I take it for
granted, there will be a new Parliament againft
Winter ; and, if they will retain me on the other
fide, as their counfellor, I will engage them a
majority. But, fince it is impofiible I may not
be fo far in their good graces, if your Lordfhip
thinks my fervice may be of any ufe in this new
world, I will be ready to attend you by the be-
ginning of Winter. For the misfortune is, that
I muft go to Ireland to take the oaths, which I
never reflected on, till I had notice from ibma
M 3 friends-


friends in London. And the fooner I go the bet-
ter, to prevent accidents ; for I would not wil-
lingly want a favour at prefent. I think to fet
out in a few days, but not before your Lordfhip's
commands and inftrucSlions may reach me.

I cannot conclude, without offering my hum-
bleft thanks and acknowledgments, for your
Lorclihip's kind intentions towards me, (if this
accident had not happened), of which I received

fome general hints. 1 pray God direft your

Lorcifnlp : And I defire you will believe me to

be, what I am, with the utmoft truth and refpect,

Your Lordfhip's moft obedient, &c.



SIR, Whitehall, Auguft 10, 1714.

I NEVER differed from you, in my opinion,
Jn any point fo much, as in your propofal
to accommodate matters between the Dragon and
his quondam friends. I will venture to go fo far
with you, as to fay he contributed to his own dif-
grace, by his petkefTes, more than they did, or
ever had it in their power to do. But lince they
\vould acimit of no terms of accommodation,
when he offered to ferve them in their own way,
I had rather fee his dead carcafe, than that he
fliould now tamely fubmit to thofe, who have




loaded him with all the obloquy malice could
fuggeft, and tongues utter. Have not Charteris *,
Brinfden f , and all the runners, been employed
to call him dog, villain, fot, and worthlefs ? And
fhall he, after this, join them ? To what end ? I

have great tendernefs for Lady J, and think

her beft way is to retire, and enjoy the comforts
of a domeftic life. But fure the earth has not
produced fuch monfters as Mercurialis ||, and his
companion $, and the prelate ^[. The laft openly
avows, he never had obligations to the Dragon ;
loads him with ten thoufand crimes, though his
greateft, in reality, was preferring him. But, to
come out of this rant ; What fhould they be
friends for ? Cut bono ? Are we in a dream ? Is
the Queen alive again ? Can the Lady * hereafter
make any figure, but be a perfona muta in a dra-
ma ? If the Dragon declares againft the Man of
Mercury, he may flrike in with the tertium quid t
that will probably arife; but with him he can never


* The celebrated Colonel Charteris, whofe character and epi-
taph may be found in the works of Mr Pope. "

f He is faid, by Mr Boycr, Political Stale, vol. iii. for January
1711-12^, p. Ji, to have been an oculift, and a private agent of
Lord Bolingbroke ; and to have been employed by the Govern-
ment, in January 1711-12, to attend on Prince Eugene, when
his HiEhnefs arrived in England, in the beginning of that month.

| Mafliam.

|| Lord jJolingbroke.

Probably the Lord Chancellor Harcourt.

<f The Bilhop of Rodieikr.

* Lady Malham.

i 4 o D E A N S W I F T's

be otherwife than fpurned and hated. The natu-
ral refult of this, is, That however 1 may, for my
private fatisfactton, deilre to fee you here, I can-

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