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not but think you fhould go to Ireland, to qualify
yourfelf, and then return hither, when the chaos
will be jumbled into fome kind of order. If the
King keeps fome Tories in employment, the no-
tion of Whig and Tory will be loft ; but that of"
Court and Country will arife *. The Regency has
declared in favour of the Whigs in Ireland. I
believe Mr Thomas will ftand his ground. We
fhall be diflblved as foon as we have fettled the
Civil Lift. We have no appearance, that any at-
tempt will be formed by the Pretender.



ii, 1714.

I SWEAR I did not imagine, that you could
' have held out through two pages, even of
fmall paper, in fo grave a ftyle. Your ftate of
late paffages is right enough. I reflect upon
them with indignation, and fhall never forgive
myfelf, for having trufted fo long to fo much real
pride and aukward humility ; to an air of fuch,
familiar friendflaip, and a heart fo void of all

tendernefs ;

* This is a remarkable predi&ion, which we have feen ful-


tendernefs ; to fuch a temper of engrofilng bufi-
nefs and power, and fo perfect an incapacity to
manage one, with fuch a tyrannical difpofiticn to
abufe the other, Sec. *.

But enough of this, I cannot load him as
k , without fixing fool on myfelf.

For you I have a moft fincere and warm affec-
tion, and in every part of my life will fhew it.
Go into Ireland, fince it muft be fo, to fwear f ,
and come back into Britain to blefs me, and thofe
few friends, who will enjoy you.

Johannes Tonfor J brings you this. From
him you will hear what is doing. Adieu. Love
me, and love me the better, becaufe, after a
greater blow than moft men ever felt, I keep up
my fpirit ; am neither dejected at what has paffed,
nor apprehenfive of what is to come. Mea vir-
tute me involvo.



London y Jlugnjl; 12, 1714.

OUR Juftices fit feveral hours every day,
without affording us the leaft news. I
don't hear any thing they have dons worth men-

* He means Lord Oxford.

f That is, to take the oaths to the Government, on King
Georg3*s acceffion tp the throne.
\ John Barber.


tioning, except fome orders they have given about
the difpute in the city of Dublin. You may be
fure they are not fuch as will pleafe our friends ;
but I think you and I agreed in condemning thofe
proceedings in our own people. My Lord Darby
is made Lord Lieutenant of Lancafhire. That and
Hampfhire are the only vacant employments they
have filled up j I fuppofe under pretence of their
being maritime counties. If the Whigs had di-
rected the lift of Regents, Marlborough, Sunder-
land and Wharton, had not been left out. There
are five Tories too, that would not have been in.
Though they were a little whimfical for three or
four days about the fucceffion, they feemed to
recant, and own themfelves in an error by the
later votes. Every one of them approved the
peace, and were for the addrefs at the end of the
laft Seffion, that it was fafe, honourable, and ad-
vantageous. Confidering what minifters were
employed here by the Court of Hanover, and
that the King himfelf had little information but
what he received from them, I think his lift
fhews no ill difpofition to the Tories : And they
fay he is not apt to be hafty in removing the per-
fons he finds in employment. The bill is brought
in for granting him the old duties for the Civil
Lift. One Wikes, of Northampton, moved to
tack the place-bill to it ; but nobody feconded
him, and he was extremely laughed at. He hap-
pens unluckily to be a Tory.

Did you receive your papers laft poft ? The
firft copy is not yet left at St Dunftan's. Should



I fend to Barber for it in Lord Bolingbroke's
name ? I have writ to him to bring in his bill ; and
as foon as he comes, I will pay him. I fuppofe I
fliall fee him to-morrow. I wifli you a good
journey to Ireland. But if I hear Saturday's poft
comes into Wantage on Sunday, I may trouble
you again. Pray let me know when you land in
Ireland, that I may write to you, if any thing
happens worth while. I fhall be very impatient
for what you promife me from thence. I fhould
be very glad to hear from you while you are on
the road.

Lord Anglefey came to town laft Tuefday.
They are all here now, except Pembroke and
Strafford. Charles Eversfield is making his court
to the Dukes of Somerfet and Argyle : He de-
clares he will keep his place, if he can, and that
he will not ftir for Campion's election in the
county of SuiTex. Campion and he have had
fome high words upon that account. Lord Or-
ford told the Commiffioners of the Admiralty,
they were ignorant, negligent of their duty, and
wanted zeal for the King's fervice.


144 D E A N S W I F T's



MY DEAR FRIEND, Jtuguft 12, 1714.

I THANK you for your kind letter, which is
very comfortable upon fuch a melancholy oc-
cafion. My dear Miftrefs's days were numbered
even in my imagination, and could not exceed
fuch certain limits, but of that fmall number a
great deal was cut off by, the laft troublefome
fcene of this contention among her fervants. 1
believe fleep was never more welcome to a weary
traveller, than death was to her ; only it furprifed
her too fuddenly, before fhe had figned her will ;
which no doubt her being involved in fo much
bufinefs, hindered her from finishing. It is un-
fortunate, that fhe had been perfuaded, as is fup-
pofed by Loundes, that it was neceflary to have
it under the Great Seal. I have figured to my-
felf all this melancholy fcene ; and even, if it
be pofllble, worfe than it has happened twenty
times j fo that I was prepared for it. My cafe is
not half fo deplorable as poor Lady Mafliam's,
and feveral of the Queen's fervants ; fome of
whom have no chance for their bread, but the
generolity of his prefent Majefty, which feveral
people, that know him, very much commend.
So far is plain from what has happened in public
affairs, that what one patfy affirmed of the fettle-


ment has proved true, that it was firm : That it
was in fome meafure an advantage to the Succef-
for, not to have been here, and fo obliged to de-
clare himfelf in feveral things, in which he is
now at liberty. And, indeed, never any prince
in this refpect came to the crown with greater
advantage. I can affure you the peaceable fcene
that now appears, is a difappointment to more
than one fet of the people.

I have an opportunity, calmly and philofophi-
cally to conflder that treafure of vilenefs and
bafenefs, that I always believe to be in the heart
of map ; and to behold them exert their info-
lence and bafenefs. Every new inftance, inftead
of furprulng and grieving me, as it does fome
of my friends, really diverts me, and in a man-
ner improves my theory : Though I think I
have not met with it in my own cafe, except
from one man -, and he was very far miftakenj
for to him I would not abate one grain of my
proud fpirit. Dear friend, the laft fentence of
your letter quite kills me. Never repeat that
melancholy tender word, that you will. endea-
vour to forget me. I am fure I never can forget
you, till I meet with (what is impoffible) another,
whofe converlation I can delight fo much in as
Dr Swift's ; and yet that is the fmalleft' thing
1 ought to value you for. That hearty fincere
friendship, that plain and open ingenuity in all
your commerce, is what I am fure I never can
nd in another man. I fhall \vanc often a faith-
VOL. XV. N ful

.T4-6 DEAN S W I F T's

ful monitor, one that would vindicate me behind
my back, and tell me my faults to my face. God
knows, I write this with tears in my eyes. Yet
do not be obftinate, but come up for a little time
to London ; and if you muft needs go, we may
concert a manner of correfpondence wherever
we are. I have a letter from' Gay, juft before
the Queen's death. Is he not a true poet, who
had not one of his own books to give to the
Princefs, that afked for one?



Augujl 12, 1714.

I HAD your letter laft poft ; and before you
can fend me another, I fliall fet out for Ire-
land. I muft go and take the oaths, and the
fooner the better. If you are in Ireland when
I am there, I fhall fee you very feldom. It is
not a place for any freedom ; but where every
thing is known in a week, and magnified a hun-
dred degrees. Thefe are rigorous laws, that
muft be pafTed through : But it is probable, we
may meet in London next winter ; or, if not,
leave all to fate, that feldom cares to humour
our inclinations. I fay all this out of the peifect
efteem and friendfhip I have for you. Thefe
public misfortunes have altered all my meafures,



and broke my fpirits. God Almighty blcfs you.
I (hall, I hope, be on horfeback in a day after
this comes to your hand. I would not anfvver
your queftions for a million, nor can I think of
them with any eafe of mind. Adieu.



Atigujl the iqtb, 1714. *

I SUPPOSE you expect news upon Craggs's
return from Hanover ; but I don't hear a
word more than what you have in the Lords
JulHces fpeech. Yefterday morning, after he
came, the Whigs 'looked dejected, am! our
friends very much pleafed , tho' I do not know
any reafon for ' i r .her, unlefe it was expected by
both fides, thai ne would have brought orders
for a!: It feems the Dragon's emertain-

merit \VAS on a Family account, upon the agree-
ment between Lord Harley and Lord Pelham ;
and only thofe, who were concerned in their-
affairs, were invited. But {lighter grounds would
have ferved to raife a {lory- at this time ; and it
was fufficient, that my Lord Townfhend and
Lord Cowper dined at his houfc. However, \ve
N 2 look

* On the back of this letter is the following note to the Dean:
" Memorandum, I left Letcombe, Au-guft iy, 1714, in order
" to go to Ireland."


look upon him as loft to our fide , and he has
certainly made advances .of civility to the Whigs,
which they have returned with the utmoft con-
tempt. I am told Difmal f begins to declare for
his old friends, and protefts he was really afraid
for the Proteftant fucceffion, which made him
aft in the manner he did. The foreign Peers are
-certainly deprived of their right of voting, by the
exprefs words of the Aft of Succeffion ; and it
appears it was the intention of the Legifl.uure at
that time, for Prince George of Denmark was
excepted by name ; but it is thought the Lords
will interpret it otherwife, when he comes to be
tried, They don't lofe the other privileges of
peerage ; and their pofterity born here, may lit
in the Houle. The lame claufe extends to the
Houfe of Commons ; and no foreigner can enjoy
any employment, civil or military. They may
be favourable to the Lords, who are all Whigs ;
but I doubt poor Duke Difney will lofe his regi-
ment. I fuppofe Barber has given you an ac-
count of Lord B 's pamphlet. If you and

he are not come to an eclairciflement upon it,
Ihall I fend to him for it ? I long for the other.
Yefterday the Commons voted, nan'we con. to
pay the Hanover troops, that cleferted us in
1712. To-day Sir William Wyndham, Cam-
pion, and two or three more, g.ive fome oppofi-
tion to it ; for which they are extremely blamed.
I think they had afted right, if they had fpoke

again ft

| The Earl of Nottingham.


againft it yefterday ; but it feems they were not
then in the houfe. They had not ftrength en-
ough to-day to come to a divifion.

Once more, I wifti you a good journey, and a
quick return ; and I hope you will find things
go better than you expect.



Hanover, Augtift the \6th y 1714.

YOU remember, I fuppofe, that I was to
write you abundance of letters from Ha-
nover ; but as one of the moft diftinguiuYmg
qualities of a politician is fecrecy, you muft not
expect from me any arcanas of ftate. There is
another thing that is neceiTary to eftablilh the
character of a politician; which is, to feem always
to be full of affairs of ftate ; to know the conful-
. tations of the Cabinet Council, when at the fame
time all his politics are collected from news-
papers. Which of thefe two caufes my fccivcy
is owing to, I leave you to determine. There is
yet one thing more, that is extremely nectffiry
for a foreign minifter, which he can no more be-
without, than an artizan without h ; s terms ;
I mean, the terms of his art. I call it an art or
fcience, becaufe I think the King of France hath
N 3 eftablifhed.

i 5 o DEAN S W I F T's

eftablifhed an .academy to inftruct the young Ma-
chiavillians of his country In the deep and pro-
found fcience of politics. To the end that I
might be qualified for an employment of this
nature, and not only be qualified myielf, but
(to fpeak in the ftiie of Sir John Falftaff) be the
caufe of qualifications in others, I have made it
my bufinefs to read memoirs, treaties, &c. and
as a dictionary of law terms is thought neceflary
for young beginners, fo I thought a dictionary
of terms of ftate would be no lefs ufeful for
young politicians. The terms of politics being
not fo numerous, as to fwell into a volume,
efpecially in time of peace, (for in time of war
all the terms of fortification are included), I
thought fit to' extract them in the fame manner,
for the benefit of young practitioners, as a famous
author hath compiled his learned treatife of the
law, allied the Doctor and Student. I have not
made any great progrefs in this piece ; but, how-
ever, I will juft give you a fpecimen of it, which
will make you in the fame manner a judge of the
defign and nature of this treatife.

Politician. What are the neceflary tools for a
Prince to work with ?

Student. Minifters of State/

Politician. What are the two great qualities of
a Minifter of State ?

Student. Secrecy and difpatch.

Politician. Into how many parts are the Mini-
fters of State divided ?



Student. Into two. Firft, Minifters of State
at home ; fecondty, Minifters of State abroad,
who are called Foreign Minifters.

Politician. Very right. Now, as I deflgn you
for the latter of thefe employments, 1 (hall wave
faying any thing of the firft of thefe. What are
the different degrees of Foreign Minifters ?

Snident. The different degrees of Foreign Mi-
nifters are as follow : ift, Plenipotentaries ; id,
AmbafTadors extraordinary ; 3d, Ambafiadors in
ordinary ; 4th, Envoys extroardinary ; jth, En-
voys in ordinary ; 6th, Refidents ; 7th, Confuls.
And, 8th, Secretaries.

Politician. How is a Foreign Minifter to be
known ?

Student. By his credentials.

Politician. When, are a Foreign Minifter's cre-
dentials to be delivered ?

Student. Upon his firft admiflion into the
prefence of the Prince, to whom he is fent,
otherwife called his firft audience.

Politician. How many kinds of audiences are
there ?

Student. Two, which are called, a public au-
dience, and a private audience.

Politician. What fhould a Foreign Minifter's
behaviour be, when he has his firft audience ?

Student. He fhould bow profoundly, fpeak
deliberately, and wear both fides of his long peri-
wig before.


i 5 2 D E A N S W I FT's

By thefe few queftions and anfwers, you may-
be able to make fome judgment of the ulefulnefs
of this politic treatife. Wicqnefort, it is true,
can never be fufficiendy admired for his elaborate
treat ife of the conduct of an ambaflador in all his
negociations : But I defign this only as a com-
pendium, or the Ambaflador's Manual, or Vade-

I have wrote fo far of this letter, and do not
know who to fend it to ; but I have now deter-
mined to fend it, either to Dr Arbuthnott, or
the Dean of St Patrick's, or to both. My Lord
Clarendon is very much approved of at Court ;
and 1 believe is not diflatisfied with his reception.
We have not much variety of diverfions : What
we did yefterday, and to-day, we fhall do to-
morrow ; which is to go to Court, and walk in
the gardens at Herenhaufen. If I write any
more, my letter will be juft like my diverfions,
the fame thing over and over again. So, Sirs,
your moft obliged, humble fervant,

J. G A Y.

I would have writ this letter over again, but I
Lad not time. Correct all erratas.




MY LORD, Dublin , Sept. 14, 171.).

I HOPE your Lordfliip, who were always fo
kind to me while you were a fervant, will
not forget me now in your greatntfs. I give you
this caution, becaufe I really believe you will be
apt to be exalted in your new ftation of retirement,
which was the only honourable poft that thofe
who gave it you were capable of conferring.
And, as in other employments, 'the circumftances
with which they are given, are fometimes faid to
be equally valuable with the gift itfelf, fo it was
in your cafe. The fealing up your office, and
cfpechlly without any direction, from the King,
discovered fuch fentiments of you in fuch per-
fons, as would make any honsft man proud to
fhare them.

I muft be fo free- to tell you, that this new of-
fice of retirement will be harder for you to keep,
than that of Secretary : And you lie under one
great difadvantage, beficles your bjing too young ;
that, whereas none but knaves and fools tie fire to
deprive you of your former poft, all the honeft
men in England will be for putting you out of this.

I go on in writing, though"! know not how to
fend you my letter. If 1 were lure it would be
opened by the fealers of your office, I would fill


154 D E A N S W I F T's

it with fome terms of art, that they would better
deferve than relifh.

It is a point of wifdom too hard for me, not to
look back with vexation upon paft management.
Divines tell us often from their pulpits, that half
the pains which fome men take to be damned,
would have compalTed their falvation : This, I
am fure, was extremely our cafe. I know not
what motions your Lordfhip intends ; but if I fee
the old Whig meafures taken in the next elections,
and that the Court, the Bank, Eaft-India, and
South Sea, acl: ftrenuoufly, and procure a majo-
rity, I {hall lie down, and beg of Jupiter to
heave the cart out of the dirt.

I would give all I am worth, for the fake of
my country, that you had left your mantle with
fome body in the Houfe of Commons, or that a
dozen honeft men among them had only fo many
ihreds of it. And fo having difpatched all our
friends in England, off flies a fplinter, and knocks
two governors of Ireland dead. I remember, we
never had leifure to think of that kingdom. The
poor de?.tl Queen is ufed like the giant Longaron
in Rabelais. Pantagruel took Longaron by the
heels, and made him his weapon to kill twenty
other giants ; then flung him over a river in the
town, and killed two ducks and an old cat. I
could talk very wifely to you, but you would re-
gard me not. 1 bid you, non defperare de repulli-
cn ; and fay, that res nolttnt diu nude adminijlrari.
But I will cut all fhort, and allure you, that if



you do not fave us, I will not be at the pains of
racking my invention to guefs how we lhali be
faved ; and yet I have read Polybius.

They tell me you have a very good crop of
wheat, but the barley is bad. Hay will certainly
be dear, unlefs we have an open Winter. I hope
you found your hounds in good condition, and
that Bright has not made a ftirrup-leather of your

I imagine you now fmoaking with your hum-
drum fquire, (I forgot his name), who can go
home at midnight, and open a dozen gates when
he is drunk.

I beg your Lordfhip, not to afk me to lend you
any money. If you will come and live at the
deanry, and furnilh up an apartment, I will find
you in victuals and drink, which is more than
ever you got by the Court : And, as proud as
you are, I hope to fee you accept a part of this
offer before I die.

The take this country ! It has, in three

weeks, fpoilt two as good fixpenny pamphlets, as
ever a proclamation was ifiued out againft. And
fince we talk of that, there will not be ******* -j-.
I fhall be cured of loving England, as the fellow
\v:it, of his ague, by getting himfelf whipt thro'
the town.

I wo :ld retire too if I could ; but my country-
feat, where I have an acre of ground, is gone


f Here are two or three words in the manufcript totally erafed
and illegible.

I 5 6 D E A N S W I F T's

to ruin. The wall of my own apartment is fallen
down, and I want mud to rebuild it, and ftraw
to thatch it. Befides, a fpiteful neighbour has
feized on fix foot of ground, carried off my
trees, and fpoiled my grove. All this is literally
true, and I have not fortitude enough to go and
fee thofe devaftations.

But in return, I live a country-life in town, fee
no body, and go every day once to prayers ; and
hope, in a few months, to grow as ftupid as the
prefent fituation of affairs will require.

Well, after all, parfons are not fuch bad com-
pany, efpecially when they are under fubjection ;
and I let none but fuch come near me.

However, pray God forgive them, by whofe
indolence, neglect, or want of friendfhip, I am
reduced to live, with twenty leagues of fait-
watcr between your Lordfhip and me, &c.



PEAR BROTHER, October 19, 1714.

EVEN in affliction your letter made me me-
lancholy, and communicated fome of the
fpleen which you had when you wrote it, and
made me forfeit fome of my reputation of chear-
fulnefs and temper under affliction. However, I
have fo many fubjects amongft my friends and
i fellow-


fellow-fcrvants to be grieved for, that I can eafi-
ly turn it of myfelf with credit. The Qtieen's
poor fervants are like fo many poor orphans,
expofed in the very ftreets : And thofe, whofe
part obligations of gratitude and honour ought to
have engaged them to have reprefented their cafe,
pafs by them like fo many abandoned creatures,
without the poffibility of ever being able to make
the leaft return for a favour, , which has added to
my theory of human virtue.

I wifh I did not only haunt you in the obliging
and affectionate fenfe you are pleafed to exprefs
it, but were perfonally prefent with you ; and
I think it were hardly in the power of fortune,
not to make fome minutes pleafant. I dine with
my Lord and Lady Mafliam to-day, where we
will, as ufually, remember you.

You have read ere this time, the hillory of the
White Staff*, which .is either contrived by an
enemy, or by himfelf, to bring clown vengeance ;
and I have told fome of his nermft friends fo. All
the Dragon can fay, will not give him one fingle
friend amongft the whole party ; and therefore,

* A pa.nphL-t written by Mr Daniel dc Foe,
in 1714, iti-Svo, in tv.o paics undei

lliftory of the ' , unc j er

the conuut of r.hably

liave happened, if ter Jiaj iV,." Soon after the

publication of it, came out, in 8v O) " A D^tefiion of the Sophi-
ftry ana Tilijticsof the pamphlet, u-.'Jlku, The ?icret Hiitory
- t' - White , into the Stag's con -

duft in the late management, ; . tipjllarly with rcfpect to the
Proteflant juccefiion."

158 D E A N S W I F T's

I even wonder at him, which you will fay Is a
ft range thing. The very great perfon of all *
can hardly fpeak of him with patience. The
Conde acts like a man of fpirit, makes up to the

k , and talks to him, and would have acted

with more fenfe than any of them, could he have
had any body to have acted along with him ; nos
tiumerus fumitS) &c. The man you fpeak of, is
juft as you defcribe ; fo I beg pardon. Shedwell
fays, he will have my place at CheHea. Garth
told me, his merit was giving intelligence about
his miftrefs's health. I defired he would do me
the favour to fay, that I valued myfelf upon
quite the contrary; and I hoped to live to fee
the day, when his Majefty would value me the
more for it too. I have not feen any thing as
yet, to make me recant a certain inconvenient
opinion I have, that one cannot pay too dear for
peace of mind.

Poor philofopher Berkeley has now the idea f
of health, which was very hard to produce in
him ; for he had an idea of a ftrange fever upon
.him, fo ftrong, that it was very hard to deftroy
it by introducing 'a contrary one. Poor Gay is
much where he was, only out of the J Duchefs's
family and fervice. He has fome confidence in
the Princefs and Countefs of Picbourgh ; I wifli

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