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José Santos Zelaya.

The revolution of Nicaragua and the United States online

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see why a revolutionist boat should be freed.* He said: .I am not
wanting a revolutionist boat freed what I demand is the freedom of
action of an American Company. Yes, sir, but the boat was flying
a Nicaraguan flag and was bringing war material for the revolution,



- 37 -

consequently it was my duty and right to have it detained . He replied:
But the Government of Honduras in accordance with international
custom had no right to detain it, and besides, the treaty of Washington
forbids it; for in one of its clauses it is stated that in case of civil war
neither of the Governments may intervene either in favour of the Go-
vernment or the revolution, that is to say, they must be neutral and the
Government of Honduras, in detaining that steamer has committed a
fault for intervening in favour of the Government of Nicaragua. Yes
I replied if it had allowed it to pass free it would have been intervening
in favour of the revolution, for it is a ship of which they have great
need at present; and moreover those clauses that treat of the non-in-
tervention refer to armed intervention, that is, that they cannot lend
their army in favour of either the one or the other, but in no case does
it imply that they should prevent leaving their territory emigrants,
war materials, ships, etc., for that would amount to violating the fun-
damental principles of the treaty of Washington of which the object is
to preserve peace and prevent revolutions for the signatory Govern-
ments and strengthen the bonds of friendship and fellowship belween
them. Then he said: The fact is here in Central America the cus-
tom is not to observe treaties. I replied to him: Men are the same
all the world over; the fact is that as our countries are insignificant, in
size, the nations of Europe that make the laws see their faults through
a magnifying glass In such matters Austria, a cultivated and powerful
nation has acted in like manner, by recently violating a treaty. He
told me that there was no instance of international law authorising any
Government to detain in any of its ports ships belonging to either of
*the belligerents. I immediately said to him: My good friend wait a
moment, in this case where is the other belligerent party for I suppose
you do not wish me to believe that it is the revolutionist party since
your Government has not been willing to recognise the belligerency
of the revolution in spite of the repeated efforts of its partisans; and
if there is no international law that authorizes that, what grounds had
the United States for making their reclamation against England at
the time of the civil war in the affair of Alabama and on what grounds
did the Tribunal of Geneva pass judgment against England.* Then
he said to me thai many revolutions were just and that for that reason
treaty makers recognised the right pT~msurlr5Sion as a sacred right.
Yes, I answered, it is true; but the right of insurrection founded on
treachery is another matter: the former is a grand demonstration of



- 38 -

the value of the rights of a people, in the face of tyrants and the latter
is a crime that covers with shame and opprobrium its authors and for
this very reason it is even immoral to support and defend it. He in-
sisted upon telling me that the Government of Honduras had violated
its neutrality and that it was- not astonishing thet the neighbouring
(rovernments, the dike having been once broken, should rush over it.
I said to him: Then welcome be that moment if indeed it should ar-
rive that we may see things clearly; this indeed is an untenable si-
tuation and as to ourselves if it is true that we do not wish for com'-
plications, neither have we any. We ended our interwiew on the best
of terms and he ended by saying that he congratulated me on the skill
with which, I had been able to persuade General Davila, in all these
matters even so far as to keeping him blindly in favour of the Govern-
ment of Nicaragua. I replied: No, Mr. Brown; I have not influenced
President Davila in the matter; the truth is that he is an honourable
President and the cause of morals and right makes itself heard.
Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre Munoz.

***

Tegucigalpa, 3,30 p. m., Nov. 5. President Zelaya. Managua.
Minister of Relations cablegraphed to-day to Lazo Arriaga saying:
What Minister Brown says is inexact. Deny strongly news violation
^neutrality, what has been done is to detain revolutionist steamer Per-
y>laft that was carrying war materials for revolution and put in at Porte
Cortes to take up emigrants of Nicaragua in Honduras and this in agree-
ment with the treaty of Washington an internationel custom. There
are conclusive documents. Will write by post concerning all this.

This is exciting; it is evident that the capture of the small steamer
has made them smart and it is natural as it was going to Puerto Barrios to
take the war material that the Government of Guatemala had offered them.

Your loyal friend, //. Aguirre Munoz.



^Tegucigalpa, 8 p. in., Nov. 7. President Zelaya. Managua.
To-day Minister Brown sent again to Minister of Relations with his Se-
cretary Gibson to ask for the setting free of the ship, stating that he
sent ouce again as he did not wish to resort to extreme measures.



39

Minister of Relations with instructions of President Davila, ans-
wered him; that as he had denounced to the Department of State that
the Government of Honduras had violated its neutrality, it was his
duty to address Minister Lazo for him to deal with the question direc-
tly with the Department of State since he was acting with hastiness arid
irreflection.

Yotir loyal friend, //. Aguirrc Munoz.

***

Tegucigalpa, 2,25 p. m. Nov. 7. President Zelaya. Managua.
Manuel Rivas reports from Ceira that he has reliable news to the effect
that ManueKsmo is active. Its principal emigrants are working actively
between Belice and New Orleans preparing war material and enlisting
men; that he thinks they will soon invade by the coast; but that he is
prepared. Jose Maria Valladares (mayor of Amapala) declares that the
emigration has not been general as they are waiting for the movement in
Nicaragua to prosper and adds that this movement has not prospered
because the combinations they had in the interior were lacking, in which
chiefs and employees of importance were implicated and because Estrada
Cabrera and the Americans did not afford the help on the scale in which
they had promised it; and besides because Zelaya is a man of energy
and will not let himself be caught napping. This revolution will be a
failure, but we await the immediate consequences; the disappointment
will immediately make them come over to us once more. These are the
exact words of the Indian Valladares.

Your loyal friend,//. Aguirre Munoz.



***



Tegucigalpa > 10 p. m. Nov. 8. President Zelaya. Managua.
The authorities on the frontier confirm to President Davila the news
which I gave him on Saturday as to movement of Salvador troops vhich
I received from other sources. Cesar Lagos who is at present in Ahua-
chapan telegraphed yesterday to President Davila, stating that he is
coming to the capital in order to be near the Government of Honduras,
as he thinks that the affairs of the revolution of Nicaragua may bring
about complications in Central America. I told President Davila to
ask Cesar on what he founded his belief. We shall see what his reply
will be.

Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre Munoz.*



40

Tegucigalpa, t p. in. Xov. 8. President Zelaya. Managua. The
day before yesterday, Mr. Brown addressed an official note to the Minis-
ter of Relations, asking again for the delivering up of the Perlas repea-
ting what he had ordered to be said verbally to h in: that he re; eated
his request because he wished to spare Honduras grave responsibilities
and himself the disappointment of having to resort to extreme measures.
Yerterda}-, Sunday, he asked in another note for the immediate reply to
the one of Salvador on the ground of its high importance. To-day the mi-
nister of Relations replied, alleging all the reasons the Government of
Honduras has both on the strength of the treaty of Washington and on
the grounds of international custom for not delivering up the steamer
and in conclusion states that his Minister at Washington in the future
will deal with that delicate question directly with the Scretary of
State.

Brown will become furious over this note; he who is extremely
proud presumptuous and irascible; for undoubtedly the hardestthing
that can be said to a foreign diplomat is: We cannot deal with you on that
matter but shall do so directly with your Government. I think that it
is most important that from anywhere outside Nicaragua a cable should
be sent to the jankedjjress to the effect that Philip Brown, Minister of
the United Sates to Honduras watches with more activity and enthus-
satin over the interest of Cabrera than those of his country no doubt the
payment he receives from the Government of Guatemala is greater; now
he is also an agent of the revolution of Nicaragua and he is reclaiming
from the Government of Honduras a revolutionist boat which the latter
has detained in accordance with international custom.

Juan Estrada and he are taking the steps necessary to their plans.

Your loyal friend, H. Aguirrc Muftoz.*



***



^Tegucigalpa, 11,23 a. m. Nov. 9. President Zelaya. Managua.
The verbal note I stated yesterday that Minister Brown sent on Sunday
was refused by the Minister of Foreign Relations from the employee of
the Legation who was told to bring it on a week day. This infuriated
Brown and yesterday he sent in a strong protest, stating that the non ac-
ceptance of a note dealing with so urgent a matter was in his opinion an
insult to the American Government. So far did that gentleman go be-
yond himself. On that day he told the Undersecretary of Relations that



41

the Dakota would come and fetch the Perlas by force if it were not yiel-
ded up peaceably. The Undersecretary replied: It is not astonishing;
po\verful nations, when right and justice are not on their side, resort
to force. The attitude of Brown is highly hostile to this Government
Every day he sends them a note with fresh exactions each time in more
imperious and bitter tones. Tell me if Hazera has reached Washing-
ton. It is necessary, urgent that he should be informed of Brown's con-
duct towards this Government that he may defend Honduras that through
fuliilling its duties towards itself and consequently towards ourselves
is in difficulties.

Your loyal friend, //. Aguirre



Tegucigalpa, 8,10 a. m. Nov. 1). President Zelaya. Managua.
Picayune, Times Democrat and other papers of the United States deal
again seriously and enthusiastically with the establishing of a new Re-
public in Central America that shall bear the name of Atlantida un-
der the direction of General Juan Estrada. They state that it will com-
prise an extensive and fertile region situated on the Atlantic; that it
may have an independent existence and that General Estrada who is a
great statesman, will make of the new Republic an earthly paradise,
which they doubt not will be the Republic dreamt of by Plato.

Under date of 21st they publish a cablegram from Bluefields trans-
mitted thence by wire that states that a steamer has arrived from Puer- I
to Barrios with all kinds of war material sent to them by Estrada Ca-
brera and that has arrived safely and that the Government of Guatemala i
lends its decided and open support to the revolution.

Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre Munoz.

.*.

Tegucigalpa, 4 p. in. Nov. 20. President Zelaya. Managua.
Minister Lazo cabled to Minister of Relations Honduras saying that the
Department of State demands the liberty of the Perlas and that it is his
opinion that insistence should no longer be made.

Government of Honduras has done what is humanly possible to de-
tain the ship but it now thinks that all effort is useless and that the
only result obtainable would be to jeopardise the country and expose it



- 42 -

to mi outrage not by reason of the force of right, but by reason of the
right of force.

It also thinks that by freeing the ship through direct intervention
oi the American Government, it can no longer lend aid to the re-
volution.

The resolution to free it will be communicated directly to the De-
partment of State through Minister Lazo, ignoring Brown and his nego-
ciations, stating that such resolution has been arrived at solely through
the requirements of the Department of State addressed to the Minister of
Honduras at Washington.

Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre MuTioz.f)

*

# *

Tegucigalpa, 8 p. in. Nov. 17. President Zelaya. Managua.
Barahona sends word from Guatemala to Davila in a telegram of to-day's
date to make ready; that Salvador and Guatemala will invade him; that
he knows that the emigrants have left for the frontier.

^Consul of New Orleans tells Manuel Bonilla that he has received
from Guatemala a bill for 15.000 dollars gold.

Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre



Tegucigalpa, 12.30 p. m. Nov. 20. President Zelaya. Managua.
The execution of the two Americans which you told me of in your yes-
terday's telegram was only what law and justice demanded. It is high
time that the world should know that the fair-haired and blue-eyed
ones do not enjoy special privileges in our country and if they incur in
any fault thay must suffer the punishment demanded by our Code of
laws, without the slightest consideration. Those two executions are a
great lesson to the filibusters and a good example for the Governments
of Central America. To put a check on European covetousness the
Mexicans had to shoot Maximilian and we ourselves to put a check on
American greed we ought to shoot every American we find putting his
finger in our pie. The death of Lee Roy Cannon is a great triumph for
Central America. Cannon was brave, bold, intelligent and preposses-
sing, in a word he was the Walker of our time, with mor.j ambition and
still greater gifts than that ill-timed adventurer. They ought to have



- 43 -

shot him here a year ago and they did not do so because it was against
the laws of this country, but on the other hand the leniency with which
lie was treated coupled with his relapse is our best defence. This Go-
vernment pardoned him and even gave him funds for him to leave the
country on condition that he would not return to take part in our Cen-
tral American struggles; in spite of that, he repeatad the same offense;
it is therefore just that he suffered the fate he deserved.
Your loyal friend, //. Aguirre Mnnoz.

***

'Tegucigalpa, 11 a. in. Nov. 26. President Zelaya. Managua.
Newspapers of the United States, to embitter the public mind against
G-eneral Zelaya and Nicaragua relate certains atrocities that I take the
liberty to transcribe that you may see how far they carry their prejudi-
ce. They state that the forces of Nicaragua plunder, loot, put to the fire
and sword; that they have shot more than 500 persons on the mere fact
that they sympathise with the revolution and several papers state that
the moment has arrived for the intervention of the United States in order
to overthrow the monster Zelaya and put an end to the struggle. They
say that the steamer Dictator that was chartered by the Nicaraguan Go-
vernment was captured by the revolutionists and that a Norwegian ship
freeghted by Manuel Bonilla, left New Orleans with war materials and
emigrants fer Puerto Barrios, but that its real destination is Bluefields
that the Consul Altschul, was unable to prevent the departure although
he was aware of the fact, because it was consigned to a friendly Repu-
blic. It is the Minister of Salvador whose attacks are most bitter
against Hazera.

Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre Munoz.



Tegucigalpa, 3 p. m. Dec. 5. President Zelaya. Managua. The
American press continues to spread abroad news just as stupendous as
that which I have before communicated. From it and from what is here
stated, I am positivly certain that the Americans, the principal au-
thors of this revolution, are abetting it in all possible ways and now that
they see it lost wish to support it in a barefaced manner. Moreover
they affirm that Juan Estrada has coaxed the Government of Washing-
ton with a thousand promises to flatter their ambitions.

Your loyal friend, II, Aguirre



- 44 -

Tegucigalpa,!) p. m. Dec. 6. President Zelaya. Managua. News
has been received that to-day or ti> morrow Manuel Bonilla will invade
through Puerto Cortes and La Ceiva; they will also make an invasion
through Ocotepeque. Cesar Lagos says that during these last few days
emigrants from Honduras have disappeared into Salvador. It would seem
that they enter into the plan of assassinating Jose Maria Valladares at
Amapola. The invasion is supported by Estrada Cabrera and the United
States; it is all the same for ourselves. Taft and Estrada Cabrera
in ignominious cabal against these countries. Energetic measures
have been adopted and reinforcements have been sent to the points
threatened. To-day a state of siege will be declared. The Department
of State in a long cablegram inform the American Minister of the situa-
tion between the United States and Nicaragua in the harshest terms and
tell him that a movement has broken ont in the West and that there are
three risings: in Blueflelds Managua and Chinandega.
- >>Your loyal friend, H. Aguirre Muiioz.*



CABLEGRAMS FROM THE CONSUL OF NICARAGUA IN NEW YORK
D. Pio BOLANOS.

New York, 12 m. Oct. 29. President. Managua. Advices from
Bluefields state that JR-odolfo Espinosa accepted inimical Ministry in
Washington. Rebels propose dividing country to secure recognition.
Bolanos.v

***

New York, 12 in. Oct. 29. President. Managua. Situation Was-
hington very delicate. Coast in danger. Consider indispensable imme-
diate presence of active person. Press occupying my attention. Bo-
lauos.t

**

Brooklin, 1,18 p. in. Oct. 31. President. Managua. Espinosa
still remains al Washington. There are active negociations against
Zelaya. Obtained publication opinions favourable Government official
character. Cable advice from Washington informs departure troops to
favour revolution in Pacific proceeding from Salvador against Nicara-
gua . Bolanos,



- 45 -

Hew York, 11,35 Dec. G. President. Managua. Result battle of
Rama although favourable will not alter in the least your personal si-
tuation nor that of Nicaragua; should avoid that useless sacrifice. Advi-
sable entrust power to person inspiring confidence whole country. Bo-
lanos.

***

New York, 1,15 p. in. Dec. 7. President. Managua. Revolution
and this Government never accept Irias. Entrusting Power to Dolores
Estrada would prevent further bloodshedding and disembarking Ame-
ricans. Read note Knox to Rodriguez. Bolanos.



New York, 6,40 p. m. Dec. 17. President.- Managua. Conside-
red false nomination Madriz. Will never be recognised by this Govern-
ment nor those of Central America and will put an end to revolution.



CABLEGRAMS FROM CONSUL ALTSCHUL OF NICARAGUA
IN NEW ORLEANS.

New Orleans, 1 p. m. Oct. 13. President. Managua. What is
going on there? Papers publish news of revolution having broken out
on Atlantic Coast. Juan J. Estrada heads the movement. Please cable
information and instructions. Altschul.



***

New Orleans, 9 p. m. Oct. 17. President. Managua. Ship Die
tator arrived to-day. Mirence Lopez, Cornelio Martinez are prisoners on
board. They are principal leaders of movement Emiliano Chamorro,
Matuti and Ulises Ugarte. Revolution will try and take Castillo. San
Carlos, Acoyapa and the whole of Chontales, Santo Alea, commander
of Bluff. Fernandez, director of Customs. It is probable that Cabo de
Grace has not been taken. Entertain hopes that ships Bluefields Steam
ship & C. will not leave for some time. Charles Weinberger, help-
ing. Altschul.*



- 40 -

New Orleans, S,50 p. m. Oct. IS. President. Managua. Salva-
dor Castrillo has been appointed representative Washing-ton of revolu-
tionist party Towing ship Puerto Pet-las left for Puerto Barrios to take
on board two Maxim cannon. Information arrived direct from Blue-
fields. Shall notify to Secretary of State Washington that revolutionist
party has secured material from Emery Company.

Bluefields Steamship C. declares in favour of President Zelaya;
they will not send ship for some time to Atlantic Coast. They must be
without provisions. Am keeping a watch over landing places. Endea-
vouring to obtain delay in payment of Emery affair. Papers have pu-
blished that Washington favours the cause of Juan Estrada. Altschul.*



New Orleans, 1,25 p. in. Oct. 24. President. Managua. Just
come from meeting Taft, he would not grant me interview sent me to
Secretary of State.

Friend will try and secure interview for me. New Orleans it is ho-
ped will arrive next week.

Here it is publicly stated that Washington favours the cause of
Juan Estrada, it will nevertheless remain neutral as long as revolution
"docs not triumph. It is also said that Atlantic Coast will be made in-
dependent Republic. Am keeping eye ou Belanger. Altschul.*



**

New Orleans, 8,45 a. in. Oct. 26. President. Managua. I have
heard from trustworthy source that price of thousand Remingtons and
three hundred boxes of cartridges inquired about. Salvador Chaniorro
Panama have a-i order from Juan J. Estrada to ship war material. Ga-
soline revolution has waited with Christmas war material proceeding
from President Cabrera in merchant ship Pacific Mail 14 inst. Juan
J. Estrada has been advancing in Chontales. Susman has been appoin-
ted Consul of Nicaragua at New Orleans; naturally he will not obtain
licence. Altschul.

***

New Orleans, 3,40 p. m. Oct. 27. President. Managua. Impor-
tant to take note of appointment of American Minister in Costa Ricn, fills



- 4? -

Ministry of Guatemala as I know from trustworthy source that Was-
hington has authorized him to accept post which shows that a perfect
understanding exists against Nicaragua. Altschul.*

***

New Orleans, 5,40 p. in. Oct. 27. President. Managua. Unders-
tand I. Hazera has been appointed. Corea warned Belanger forwarded
to-day gasoline Port Cortes to tow ship Puerto Perlas that is boutid for
Puerto Barrios to bring war material.

News confirmed of appointment of American Minister Merry as Mi-
nister Guatema'a of Estrada Cabrera.

It is affirmed that Manuel Bonilla has been appointed consul general
to revolutionist party in Belize. Altschul.*



New Orleans, 4 p. m. Nov. 2. President. Managua. Merchant
vessel Imperator arrived to-day. Jacobo Weinberger sends word town
of Cabo de Gracia has been taken by revolutionists Enrique Espinosa,
Cupertino Herrera, ten ki.led. Vergara in Chile killed telegraph clerk.
Schooner ^Adelaida_^s carrying war materials for revolution. From Li-
mon Nicaraguan emigrants have arrived to join revolution amongt
whom: Fornos Diaz, Subiria, Perez Pacheco, and ten more Leopoldo Ro-
sales acts as revolutionist representative in Guatemala. AltschuL*



* #

New Orleans, 3 p. in. Nov. 6. President. Managua. Adolfo Diaz
cabled via Guatemala asking urgently for thousand rifles and 300.000
cartridges. Altschul.*

***

New Orleans. 1,25 Nov. 7. President. Managua. Keep a sharp
eye on Jersan Saenz who it is assured is proceeding from Guatemala and
Salvador with orders to try a militafy coup on garrison Chinandega.
AltschuL*

***



- 48 -

Xew Orleans, 8 a. in. Nov. 8. President. Managua. Difficult to
SOP ure steamer Yulu as Emery failing in his contract has delivered it up
to Estrada whom he favours. Altschul.

***

New Orleans, 7 p. m. Nov. 9. President. Managua. Guatemala
advises Bluefields cargo not yet been paid. End October I will send Bo-
cas large quantity cartridges, also men. From Blnefields Diaz answered
will try to hold out till arrival of ship. Altschul.



***



New Orleans, 7,41 Nov. 9. President. Managua. Last week
Guatemala offered to send war material to Bluenelds. Altschul.*



New Orleans, 5,30 p. m. Nov. 10. President. Managua. Have
obtained exact copies of telegrams Bluenelds and Guatemala yesterday.
If you feel confident I will^rward copies to Isidoro Hazera that he may
treat of matter with Taft. Guatemala occupies Bocas as port of tran-
sit. Altschul.



>**



New Orleans, 5 p. m. Nov. 11. President. Managua. Advise
President Davila watch Atlantic Coast, especially Ceiva as Estrada Ca-
brera intends sending invading expedition. Altschul.



***



New Orleans, 1,85 p. m. Nov. 11. President. Managua. Manuel
Bonilla arrived bringing with him bills from Guatemala to the amount


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Online LibraryJosé Santos ZelayaThe revolution of Nicaragua and the United States → online text (page 4 of 15)