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A full catechism of the Catholic religion online

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A FULL CATECHISM

OF

The Catholic Religion,



TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN OF THE REV.
JOSEPH DEHARBE, S.J.,

BY THE /

REV. JOHN FANDER;



PRECEDED BY A SHORT HISTORT OF RELIGION

PROM THE

CREATION OF THE WORLD TO THE PRESENT TIME.

WITH (QUESTIONS FOB EXAMINATION

THE RIGHT REV. P. N. LYNCH, D.D.,
Bishop of Charleston.



New York :

THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCI}i;TYCO.,

9 Barclay Street.



1889.



THE KEV/
PUBLIC ]/'



Jmpnmatu



fLBMOX AND
nUD«M FOU^iDATiOlMS



■^JS^ CAEa WISEMAK



Westmon. 29 Jul. 1862.




Jmprimfltur.






New York, Febeuaky 19, 1876.



COPYRIGHTED BY L. IvEHOK. 1876.



OOFTEKTS.



PAOB

Translator's Preface, 1

Preface to American Edition, ... , .4

Explanation of Abbreviations and Marks, ... 5

HISTORY OF RELIGION.

I. History before Christ.

From Adam to Moses, ..... 7

From Moses to Christ, ..... 11

II. History of Christ, ...... 18

III. History after Christ.

From the Ascension of Christ to the Conversion of
Constantine, . . . . . . .24

From the Conversion of Constantine to the Rise of

Protestantism in the Sixteenth Century, . . 30

From the Rise of Protestantism in the Sixteenth

Century to Pope Pius IX 42

Concluding Remarks, ...... 56

Chronological Succession of the Popes, . . 61-66



CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE.
Introduction, 67

PART I.

On Faith.
Aoceptation, Object, and Rule of Faith, . . . 70\

ill \



IV CONTENTS.

Necessity of Faith, 77

Qualities of Faith, 79

On Uie Apostles' Creed.

First Article, 8^

On God, and His Attributes or Perfections, . . 82

On the Three Divine Persons, SO'

On the Creation and Government of the World, . 91

On the Angels, 94

On our First Parents and their Fall, .... 97

Second Article 102

Jesus Christ the promised Messias, .... 104

Jesus Christ, true God, ... . . , 108

Third Article, , . 112

Fourth Article, 115

Fifth Article, . . 118

Sixth Article, 121

Seventh Article, 122

Eighth Article, 125

Ninth Article, 12^

On the Church and the Form of her Government, . 128

On the Marks of the Church, 135

On the End of the Church, and on her Qualities re-
sulting from this End, 140

(1.) On the Infallibility of the Church, . . 140
(2.) On Salvation in the true Church of Christ

alone, ....... 145

On the Communion of Saints, 148

Tenth Article, 150

Eleventh Article, lol

Twelfth Article, 153



PART II.

On the CommandmenU.

On the Commandments in general, 158

On the Chief Commandment 158



of the Saints



On the Ijove of God, .

On the Love of our Neighbor, .

On Christian Self-Love,
On the Ten Commandments of God,

First Commandment of God,

On the Veneration and Invocation

Second Commandment of God,

Third Commandment of God, .

Fourth Commandment of God, .

Fifth Commandment of God,

Sixth Commandment of God,

Seventh Commandment of God,

Eighth Commandment of God,

Ninth and Tenth Commandments of God,
On the Six Commandments of the Church,

First Commandment of the Church,

Second Commandment of the Church,

Third, Fourth, and Fifth Commandments of the
Church,

Sixth Commandment of the Church,
On the Violation of the Commandments, or on Sm,

On Sin in general,

On the different Kinds of Sin, .
On Virtue and Christian Perfection,

On Virtue, ....

On Christian Perfection,



FAGB

159
161
166

168
169
174
179
183
185
193
197
199
203
207
209
210
214

218
220
220
220
223
228
228
232



PART III.

On the Means of Grace.

On Grace in general, 238

On the Grace of Assistance, 238

On the Grace of Sanctification or Justification, . 241

1. On the Sacraments, 245

Baptism, 248

Confirmation, 253

Holy Eucharist, 251



CONTENTS.



On the Real Presence of Christ in the Blessed
Sacrament,
On the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass,
On Holy Communion, .
Penance, ....
Examination of Conscience,
Contrition,

Resolution of Amendment,
Confession, .
Satisfaction,
Indul2:ences,
Extreme Unction,
Holy Order.
Matrimony,
On Sacramentals,
2. On Prayer,

On the Lord's Prayer,
On the Angelical Salutation,
On Religious Practices and Ceremonies in

and on sojie in particular,
Recapitulation,



GENERAL,



ao7

261
268
275
278
279
283
284
288
391
294
297
301
308
311
315
319

323
327



TEAlfSLATOR'S PREFACE.



The original of this Catechism was first published in
Germany in 1847, and met with such general favor that
in 1853 it had numbered twenty-one editions. It has
been approved by all the Archbishops and Bishops of
Bavaria, and by nearly all those of the other countries
in Germany, and by those of Switzerland. It has been
reprinted, with the approbation of Archbishop Purcell,
in the United States of America, and it has been intro-
duced into the German schools ; in a word, it has super-
seded nearly all the various German catechisms pre-
viously used in the dioceses of those countries, and is
now ahnost the only authorized and standard Catechism
of the whole German nation.

This Catechism is founded on History ; not only on
the History of the Old and New Testament, but on the
History of Religion from the Creation of the world to
the present time. It clearly shows how our Faith ori-
ginated and spread, what blessings it produced, how it
confounded Infidelity and Heresy, and how it triumphed
over all sorts of obstacles and persecutions in every age
down to this day. It thus shows how the predictions of
the Prophets, and more especially those of the Eternal
Son of God, with regard to His Church, have been ful-
filled at all times ; thus clearly proving which one,
among the many societies that now claim Christ for
their Founder, is in reality His true Church, holding and
professing the True and Divine Religion established by
Him.



2 Translator s Preface.

In presenting this view, the Catechism carries out the
advice of St! Augustine, who admonishes catechists '■ to
give a brief account to the ignorant of the whole History
from the Creation to the present time of the Church,*
and to adduce the causes of the various events.' It is,
indeed, to be regretted that this advice of the great
Doctor has been so sadly neglected in later times !
Why are Protestants so much prejudiced against the
Catholic Church, and why is it so difficult to convert
them? It is because from infancy the minds of their
children have been impressed with a false view of the
History of their Religion — a Religion that dates only
from the beginning of the sixteenth century. W hy should
not Catholics with equal, and even greater, effect confirm
our children in their attachment to the Church, by
showing them how to trace her to the times of the Apos-
tles, and even to the Creation of the world ? Is it not,
then, of the greatest importance to teach them, together
with their catechism, the History of their Religion?
History is a safeguard against internal doubts, and a bul-
wark against all external attacks. He who has, by this
means, been fully strengthened in his conviction that the
Catholic Church is from God, and that she is the Only
True Church, cannot but love her and submit his intel-
lect to her doctrine and his heart to her precepts, and
thus remain all his lifetime faithful to her.

After this proof from History that the Catholic Reli-
gion is Dlvi)ie, the Catechism proper commences, and
teaches us that we must submit to its doctrine ; namely,
that we must, 1. Believe y^h^t the Church teaches; 2.
That we must also practise, that is, do the loiU of God;
and 3. That we can neither believe nor do the will of
God without His grace, which we receive by means of
the Sacraments and of Prayer. This division is not
only dictated by reason, but it embraces also every par-
ticular part of the Christian Doctrine ; for instance : as
Sin is the voluntai-y breaking of the Commandments, and
Virtue the opposite of sin, these two heads belong to

* Usque ad pru?sentiii tempora Ecclesiae (De Catechis. Rudi-
bus, c. 3 and G'.



Translator's Preface. 3

the Second Part. It is, moreover, the only way in
which the Catechism should be learnt ; for a child can-
not even go to Confession, unless he be instructed in the
First and Second Part ; namely, upon the Creed, the
Commandments of God and the Church, Sin, and
Virtue. Finally, it is the easiest division of all ; and a
child, with the help of a teacher, may get, in less than a
quarter of an hour, such a clear view of all the general
and particular parts of the Christian Doctrine that he
will never forget them in after-life. But as there is a
logical connection between the general parts, so there is
also a connection between the questions and answers
throughout each particular treatise. One question and
answer leads to the following question and answer, and
these again to the next, and thus the whole treatise
forms, as it were, one coherent conversation. Certainly,
these are not to be considered as unimportant advanta-
ges in a catechism of this character.

The dogmatical and moral explanation of the Chris-
tian Doctrine itself is comprehensive and plain, and is
adapted to the present wants of youth, being proved in
full from Holy Scripture, Tradition, and the General
Councils. It is at the same time controversial, inas-
much as the objections made against it by Infidels, Here-
tics, and Innovators are solidly refuted; and, therefore,
it may justly be called a full Catechism of the Catholic
Religion.

This Catechism, however, is not intended so much for
Children and for Elementary Schools as for Colleges, for
Teachers, and for Private Instruction. There are two
Abridgments of it for Schools, with the same wording,
and made by the author himself, which have been
equally approved of throughout all Germany.

The '■ Short History of Religion from the Crea-
tion OF the World to the Present Time,' which
stands at the head of the Catechism, was edited with a
great many alterations and additions by the Rev. Dr.
Fergusson in 1854. The translator, who was in no
way responsible for those changes, has now carefully re-
vised his first translation, and most faithfully expressed



4 Translator 5 Preface.

in it the sense of the original text. Here and there,
however, he has made a few, but very short, additions,
which he has either translated or compiled from writers
of highly approved authority.

Octave of St. Stephen, January 2.



FIFTH AMEPJCAN EDITION.

In preparing this new Edition of De Harhe^s Fun
Catechism, the text of the English translation, used in
the former editions, has been retained. But it has been
thought w^ell to introduce here and there changes in the
phraseology, in order to accommodate the questions and
answers to our American forms of expression, more fa-
miliar to young pupils, and perhaps more readily un-
derstood by them. Some few passages in the notes, re-
ferring to usages or to discipline known in Germany, but
unknown in the United States, have been omitted as
unnecessary. On the other hand, two or three points
omitted by the learned author have been introduced,
on account of their appropriateness or special impor-
tance in this country. In a few instances the author's
meaning has been made clearer by adding a ^ew words.
In all this the editor only follows the example of the
learned author himself, who in his life-time was accus-
tomed to introduce such changes or improvements in the
suocessive German editions of his valuable work.



EXPLANATION



OF THE ABBREVIATIONS AND MARKS USED IN THE
SHORT HISTORY OF RELIGION.






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