Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A new primary dictionary of the English language ... online

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the h is usually considered as silent.

Q is always followed by u, and qu has
commonly the sound of kw, as in queen, quill,
quart ; but in many words it has the sound
of k, as in etiquette, liquor, &c.

It has a jarring or trilling eflFect on the
tongue, and is never silent. It has a pecu-
liar influence both on the long and on the
short sound of the vowels. It has the effect,
under certain circumstances, to change the
short sound of a, as in man, into its Italian
sound, as in far, and the short sound of o, as
in not, into its broad sound, as in nor ; and it
has a corresponding effect on the short sound
of the other vowels.

S. The regular or genuine sound of s is its
sharp, sibilant, or hissing sound, like c soft,
as in son, this. It has also a flat or soft sound,
like that of the letter z, as in wise, his, aud



also sometimes in the prefix dit. S takes the
sound sh in words ending in sion preceded
by a consonant, as in diversion, passion, &c. ;
also in censure, fissure, nauseate, &c. S has
the sound of zh in the termination sto»
preceded by a vowel, as -in evasion, &c. ;
also in a number of words in which s is
preceded by an accented vowel, and fol-
lowed by the termination ure, as in meas-
ure, &c. ; also in several words ending in
sier, as brasier.

T, like s and c, is aspirated when it comes
immediately after the accent and is followed
by the vowels ia, ie, or io, taking the sound,
in these cases, of sh, as in partial, patient
nation, &c.

TJThas two sounds, — one voiceless, hard,
sharp, or aspirate, as in thin, think, earth,
breath, &c. ; the other flat, soft, or vocal, as
in this, the, then, breathe, &c.

V has only one sound, as in vale, vote.

PTat the beginning of words is a conso-
nant. It is silent before r, as in write, wren,
wrist, &c.

WH is sounded as it would naturally be if
the order of the letters were reversed, thus,
hw ; as, when, while, whip, pronounced hwen,
hwile, hwip. In some words the w is silent ;
as, who, whole, &c.

X is regularly sounded like ks; as, excel-
lent, execute, expect, fax. It has a flat or soft
sound, like gz, when the next syllable fol-
lowing begins with an accented vowel, as in
exalt, example, &c., and in exultation, exem-
plary, &c. Initial x sounds like z, as in
Xenopluyn, xylography. X is aspirated, and
takes the sound of ksh, in some words ; as,
fluxion, complexion, anxious, luxury.

T, consonant, has always the same sound.

Z has the same sound as flat or soft s. It
is aspirated, taking the sound of zh, in a few
words ; as, brazier, vizier, seizure, &c.



ORTHOGRAPHY.



Verbs of one syllable ending with a single
consonant, preceded by a single vowel (as
plan), and verbs of two or more syllables
ending in tbe same manner, and having the
accent on the last syllable (as regret), double
the final consonant of the verb on assuming
an additional syllable ; as, platt, planned ;
regret, regreUed. But if a diphthong pre-
cedes the last consonant (as in join), or the
accent is not on the last syllable (as in
suffer), the consonant is not doubled; as,
join, joined; suffer, suffered.

There is an exception to the last clause of
the preceding rule, with respect to most of
the verbs ending in the letter I, which, on
assuming an additional syllable are allowed,
by general usage, to double the ?, though
the accent is not on the last syllable ; as,
travel, travelling, travelled, traveller ; libd, libel-
ling, libelled, libeller, libellons.

The verb to bias commonly doubles the s
on assuming an additional syllable ; as, bias-
sing, biassed, biasser ; as also the verb to wor-
ship, in like manner, commonly doubles the
p; as, worship, worshipping, worshipped, wor-
shipper.

There is a growing tendency, however, to
omit the double I, p, and t, in such words as
traveler, worshiper, benefited, whenever possi-
ble, and this usage has the sanction of many
of the prominent recent lexicographers.

Most of the words in the English language
which end in ise, and almost all which end
in ize, are verbs ; the same verbs sometimes
end in ize and sometimes in ise. With regard
to this termination, the following rule is
generally, though not invariably, observed :

Verbs derived from Greek verbs ending in
i^w, and others formed after the sajxxe anal-
ogy, have the termination ize; as, agonize,
charaderixe ; but words derived from the
French prendre have the termination ise;
as, apprise, surprise, enterprise. The words
catechise or catechize, criticise or criticize, pair
ronise or patronize, recognise or recognize, are
more usually written ise.

There are a few verbs which are derived



from nouns ending in th hard or sharp, as in
thin, and which have e added to th, making
the sound of th soft or vocal, as in this. Such
are the following : from bath, bathe ; from
breath, breathe ; from cloth, dothe ; from loath,
loathe; from sheath, sheathe; from sooi}i,
soothe; from swaih, swathe; from wreath,
wreathe and inwrecdhe.

Verbs ending in ie change the ie into y on
adding ing ; as, die, dying; lie, lying; tie,
tying. Verbs ending with a single e omit the
e whea ing is added ; as, place, pladng ; rdate,
relating. The following words are excep-
tions : dye (to color), dyeing; hoe, hoeing;
shoe, shoeing; and when ing is added to the
verbs singe^ swinge, and tinge, the e is prop-
erly retained, as singeing, swingdng, tingeing,
in order to dlstingiiiBh these participlea
from singing, swingitig, and tinging. All
verbs ending in y, preceded by a conso-
nant, retain the y on adding ing ; as, spy,
spying ; deny, denying ; but vrhen ed is added
the y is changed into i ; as, spy, spied; deny,
denied ; and when s is a dded y is changed
into ie ; as, spy, ^ies ; deny, denies. Verba
ending in y preceded by another vowel, on
adding ing, ed, or s, do not change y into i,
as, dday, delaying, delayed, delays. The fol-
lowing words are exceptions : lay, laid; pay,
paid ; say, said ; stay, stayed or staid.

The greater part ot verbal nouns end in
er, as from advertise, advertiser ; but many of
them end in or, as from imitate, imitator;
from instruct, instructor ; and some are seen
in both forms, as visitor, visiter. The verbal
nouns from beg and lie are irr 3gularly formed
beggar and liar. From pedale the regular
verbal noun would be peddler; but the noun
is commonly written pedler, and sometimes
pedlar.

There is a class of words ending in tre, as
centre, mdre, &c., which are by some written
center, meter, &c. ; but the former mode vt
supported by the prevailing usage.

Derivative adjectives ending in able ai9
written without an e before a ; as, blamable,
movable, not blameable, moveable; except

9



10



ORTHOGRAPHY.



those of which the primitive word ends in
ce or ge ; in such the e is retained to soften
the preceding consonant ; as, peaceable,
changeable.

Compound words formed by prefixing a
word or a syllable to a monosyllable ending
in afl commonly retain the double I; as,
appall, befall, bethrall, downfall, forestall,
fuzzbaU, headstall, install, inlhraU, laystall,
miscall, overfall, recall, saveaU, thumbstall,
waleifaU, wvndfall ; but some of these words
are very often, if not more commonly, seen
with a single i ; as, appal, befal, beOiral, irtr
thral, &c.

A class of other compound words com-
monly retain the final double I which is
found in the simple words ; as, bridewell,
downhill, uphill, molehill, watermill, windmill,
handmiU. With respect to foretel, enrol, and
wnrol, or foretell, enroll, and wnroll, the
authorities and usage are divided.

Nouns of the singular number ending in
ey form their plural by adding s only to
the singular ; as, attorney, aUomeys ; money,
moneys; valley, valleys.

2fouiis ending in o, preceded by another



vowel, form their plural by the addition of
s; as, cameo, cameos; folio, folios; but if
the final o is preceded by a consonant the
plural is commonly formed by es ; as, cargo,
cargoes. There are some exceptions to the
latter clause of the above, and some words
are written indifferently with or without
the e.

There is a class of words which have in
their derivation a twofold origin from the
Latin and French languages, and are in-
differently written with the first syllable en
or in, the former being derived from the
French, and the latter from the Latin ; as,
for example, inquire or enquire, insure or en-
sure.

Certain chemical and medical terms ara
written indifferently with or without e it
the terminations ine or in, ide or id; as,
chlorine or chlorin, chloride or chlorid. But
many lexicographers and technical writers
prefer to omit the e.

The following words are generally written
without an e after g : abridgment, achnowl-
edgment, and judgment, though many care-
ful authorities write them with it.



CONTENTS.



PAGE

KEY TO THE SOUNDS OF MARKED LETTERS 3

REMARKS ON THE KEY 4

ORTHOGRAPHY 9

DICTIONARY OV THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 13

ABBREVIATIONS 342



1p¥



ABBEEVIATIONS.



a. stands for Adjective.

ad. .... Adverb.

comp. . . . Comparative,

con;. .... Conjunction.

». Imperfect TenBe.

intetj. . . . Interjection.

n Noun.

p Participle.

p. a Participial Adjective.



pi. stands for Plural.
prep. .... Preposition.

pron Pronoun.

sing Singular.

superl. . . . Superlative.

V Verb Active or

Neuter.

V. a Verb Active.

V. n Verb Neuter,



U



PRIMARY DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE.



ABODE




Abacus.



A (pronounced & as a letter, but a. as a word) .
Any ; one ; some ; each ; every. A is
an article set before nouns of the singu-
lar number which begin with a consonant
sound — as, a man, a tree.
A-. Latin prefix, a form of ab (as in avert)
or of ad (as in ascribe) : — Greek prefix, sig-
nifying without — as, acephalous : — Anglo-
Saxon prefix, signifying oh, from, of— as,
abed, adown, akin : or intensive force — as
athirst.
Ab-. Latin prefix, signifying from — as,
af)jure.

t-back', ad. Backwards : — by surprise.
b'a-cus, n. Counting table, or reckoning

frame : — level tablet

on the capital of a

column.
4.-blft', prep. & ad.

Toward the stem ;

behind,
.^•bin'dpn, v. a. To

give up entirely ; to forsake ; to renounce,
^.-ban'don (or a-b6n'd6n), n. Frank un-

constraint in manner,
i^-ban'doned (a-ban'dund),^. a. Forsaken :

— corrupt.
4-ban'don-ment, n. Act of abandoning;

desertion.
^.-base', V. a. To humble ; to bring low.
^.-base'ment, n. Humiliation ; degradation,
^-bash', V. a. To make ashamed.
4.-bate', v. a. To lessen ; to diminish : — to

put an end to. — 2, v. n. To grow less ; to

decrease,
.^-bate'ment, n. Decrease.
Ab'a-tis (ab'a-tis or ab'a-te'), n. Defence

formed by sharpened branches or by trees

felled and laid together.
Ab-at-toir (ab-a-twor'), n.

ter-house. ' >

Ab'bess, n. Governess of an abbey.
Ab'bey, n. Monastery or nunnery.
Ab'bot, n. Chief of an abbey.
4k.b-bre'vi-ate, v. a. To shorten ; to abridge.
Ab-bre-vi-a'tion, n. Conti-action ; part of

a word, &c., put for the whole.
4.b-bre'vi-a-top, «. One who abbreviates.



Public slaugh-



Ab'di-cate, v. a. To resign or renounce an
office or dignity.

Ab-di-ca'tion, n. Act of abdicating.

Ab-do'men, n. Lower cavity of the body.

^b-dom'i-nal, a. Relating to the abdomen.

4b-duct', v.'a. To carry away a person by
force or fraud.

4.b-duc'tion, n. Act of abducting.

.^-beam', ad. On the beam : — abreast.

4L-bed', ad. In or on the bed.

i-b-^-ra'tipn, n. Deviation from the right
path or way ; error.

^.-bet', V. a. To aid ; to instigate, as in
some crime.

4.-bey'ance (a-ba'ans), n. State of suspen-
sion or expectation ; temporary inactivity.

Ab-hor', V. a. To detest ; to loathe.

^.b-hor'rence, n. Repugnance ; detestation.

Ab-hor'rent, a. Odious : — contrary to.

-^-bide', V. n. [L & p- abode.] To stay in
a place ; to dwell ; to reside. — 2, v. a. To
wait for : — to support : — to tolerate.

A-bid'ingr, a. Permanent ; continual.

4L-bil'i-t5:, n. Power ; capacity -.-—pi. facul-
ties of the mind.

Xb'ject, a. Mean ; low ; base : — hopeless. —
Ab'ject-ly;, ad. — Ab'ject-ness, n.

Xb-ju-i-a'tion, n. Renunciation.

Ab-jfire', v.'a. To renounce upon oath.

A.b'la-tive, a. Applied to the sixth case of
Latin nouns.

.^-blaze', ad. In a blaze ; on fire.

A'ble (a'bl), a. Having power or skill;
skilful.— A'bljr, ad.

A'ble-bod'ied (-bfid'id), a. Strong of body.

itb'le-gate, «. Messenger from the pope.

A-bl36m', ad. & a. In full bloom ; bloom-

■ ing.

Ab-lii'tion, n. Act of cleansing with water.

l.b'ne-g-ate, v. n. To deny ; to renounce.

Ab-ne-ea'tion, n. Denial ; renunciation.

Ab-n6rmal,*a. Contrary to rule ; irregular.

' — Ab-ndr-mal'i-tx, w. — .^b-nor'mal-lx,
ad.

.^.-board', ad. On board ; in a ship.— 2, prep,
On board of.

4.-bode', «. Habitation ; dwelling.— 2, t. A

' p. from abide.

1o
O



ABOLISH



14



ACCENT



^-bSl'ish, V. a. To annul ; to repeal ; to
destroy.

Ab-o-li"tion (ab-9-lx8h'un), n. Repeal ;
destruction.

JLb-o-li"tion-ist ^ab-9-li8h'un-Tst), n. One
wto favors abolition of slavery.

^-bom'i-na-ble, a. Hateful ; detestable. —
4.-bom'i-na-blx, ad.

^-bom'i-nate, v. a. To hate utterly ; to
detest ; to loathe.

4 - bom-i-na'tion, n. Detestation ; object
of hatred : — ^pollution.

Ab-o-ri§^i-ne§ (ab-o-rij'e-nez), n. pi. Earli-
est inhabitants of a country.

4L-bor'ti9n, n. Miscarriage ; empty result.

4.-b6r'tive, a. Immature : — unsuccessful.

4L-bo<ind', v. n. To be or have in plenty.

4.-bodt', prep. Round ; near : — relating to.
— 2, ad. Nearly ; here and there.

4.-b6ve' (a-biiv'), prep. In a higher place ;
more than. — 2, ad. Overhead ; in a
higher place.

4.-b6ve' -board (a-bHyTjord), ad. Without
artifice ; candidly.

^.-brade', v. To rub oif ; to w^aste.

4.b-ra'§ion (ab-ra'zhun), n. Act of rubbing
off ; friction ; place' abraded.

A-breast' (a-brest'), ad. Side by side.

4.-brid§'e', v. a. To make shorter in w^ords ;
to contract : — to deprive of.

^.-bridf 'ment, n. Work abridged ; com-
pendium.

4.-bro^d' (a-brawd'), ad. From home; in
another country : — wide of the mark.

Ab'ro-gate, v. a. To repeal ; to abolish ; to
cancel.

Ab-ro-ga'tion, n. Act of abrogating.

4.b-rupt', a. Broken : — precipitous : — un-
ceremonious, [abstract.

Abs-. Latin prefix, a form of ah — as,

Ab'scess ( ab'ses) , n. Cavity containing pus.

4.b-scind' (ab-sind'), v. a. To cut off.

4.b-sci§'§ion (ab-sizh'un), n. Act of cut-
ting off; state of being cut off.

^Lb-scond', V. n. To hide one's self; to dis-
appear.

Ab'sence, n. State or time of being absent :
— inattention.

Ab'sent, a. Not present : — inattentive.

tb-sent', V. a. To keep one's self away.
b-sen-t§e', n. One absent from his station.

Ab'sent-ly, ad. Inattentively.

Ab'sent-mind'^d, a. Deeply absorbed in
thought.

Ab'so-lnte, a. Unconditional : — perfect ;
real : — not limited : — despotic. — Ab'so-
Ivite-ly. ad. — Ab'ao-lute-n^ss, w.

Ab-80-lu tion, n. Forgiveness; acquittal.

Ab'sp-lii-tism, w. Despotic government.

4.b-f81ve' (ab-zOlv'), v. a. To free from
guilt, or from contract ; to acquit ; to clear.

4.b-sorb', V. a. To imbibe ; to swallow up :
— to engross.

^.b-sorb'ent, n. Medicine that favors ab-
sorption ; substance that absorbs. — 2. a.
Tending to absorb.



^.b-sorp'ti^n, n. Act of absorbing ; state of
being absorbed : — engrossment of mind.

Ab-stain', v. n. To refrain ; to forbear.

4.b-ste'mi-ous, a. Sparing : — temperate in
food, '&c. — 4.b-ste'mi-ous-lx. ad. — ^b-
ste'mi-ous-ness, n.

4.b-sten'ti9n, ) n. Act or practice of ab-

Ab'sti-nence, J staining.

Ab'sti-nent, a. Using abstinence ; abstemi-
ous.'

4.b-stract', v. a. To take from : — to sum-
marize.

Ab'stract, a. Greneral ; not particular. — .2, n.
Abridgment ; epitome. — Ab'stract-lxi ad.

4Lb-stract'ed, p. a. Separated ; purloined :
— absent in mind.

Ab-strac'tion, «. Act of abstracting ; sep-
aration : — inattention.

^.b-struse', a. Difficult to be understood ;
not plain. — j^b-struse'lx, ad. — ^.b-struse'-
ness, n.

.^b-siird', a. Contrary to manifest truth ;
preposterous ; ridiculous. — Ab-siird'i-tj:,
i^b-siird'ness, «. — .^b-sUrd'lx, ad,

4.-bfin' dance, n. Great plenty ; exuberance.

4-bun'dant, a. Plentiful ; ample. — ^.-bun'-
dant-lv, ad.

4.-bii§e' (a-buz'), v. a. To make an ill use
of : — to violate : — to maltreat : — to revile.

4.-buse' (a-biis'), n. Ill use : — maltreat-
ment : — rude reproach.

.i^-bii'sive, a. Insolent ; insulting ; reproach-
ful. — ^.-bu'sive-ljr, ad.

A-biit', V. n. To end at ; to border upon.

A-but'ment, n. That which abuts : — sup-
port for the end of an arch, &c.

A-biSt'tal, n. Butting or boundary of land.

A-by§m' (a-bizm'), n. Abyss.

4-by§'malj "I a. Of or like an abyss; im-

j?L-byss'ai, J mensely deep ; fathomless.

^.-byss', n. Great depth, of water or space ;
depth without bottom.

Ac-. Latin prefix, a form of ad — as, accede.

.^-ca'ci-a (a-ka'she-a), n. Genus of thorny
leguminous trees,' yielding gum ai-abic
and catechu : — astringent drug.

Ac-a-dem'ic, a. Relating to an academy or
university, or to the philosophy of Plato.
— 2, n. Academician : — academic philos-
opher : — student in an academy.

Ac-a-dem'i-cal, a. Relating to an academy.

Ac-a-de-mi"cian (ak-a-de-mish'an), n.
Member of ah academy.

^-cad'e-my, n. Society for the promotion
of some " art or science : — seminary of
learning ; grammar school.

4L-can'thus, n. Spiny plant : — ornament de-
rived from its leaf.

^.c-cede' (ak-sed'), v. n. To be added to;
to come to : — to comply with ; to agree.

4c-cel'er-ate, v. To move or cause to move
faster.

Ac-cel-er-a'tipn, n. Increase of speed.

Ac'c?nt. «. Modulation of the voice in
speaking : — stress of voice on a syllable :
— mark to indicate modulation.



ACCENT



16



ACID



"j V. a. To express thb accent
Ac-cent'i-ate, j —to emphasize.



^.c-cSnt',



^.c-cent-A-a'tion, n. Act or method of
placing the accent.

4lc-cept', V. a. To receive : — to agree to : —
to promise to pay : — to believe.

^c-cept'a-ble, a. Likely to be accepted ;
vpelcome ; pleasing. — Ac-cept-a-bil'i-tx,
4Lc-cept'a-ble-ness, n. — ^.c-cept'a-blx, ad.

4LC-c5pt'ance, n- Favorable reception :—
agreement to terms :— the writing of the
name on a bill of exchange as a promise
to pay ; bill so accepted.

Ac-cep-ta'tipn, n. Exception :— approval :
— received "meaning of a word.

.^c-cgss', 1 n. Approach ; admission :— addi-

Ac'cess, j tion ; increase.

Ac'ces-sa-rx, «• Contributing to a crime ;
assisting :— additional. — 2, w. One who
contributes to a crime without assisting in
the actual perpetration ; accomplice.

4c-ces'si-ble, a. Easy of access.

4LC-ces'sion (ak-sesh'un), n. Act of coming
to : — augmentation ; increase.

Ac'c^s-so-rx, a. & n. Accessary.

Ac'ci-dence,' n. Book containing the first
rudiments of grammar.

Ac'ci-dent, n. Unessential property or qual-
ity" : — unexpected event ; mishap.

Ac-ci-den'tal, a. Happening by accident,
unexpectedly, or without design : — non-
essential.

4.c-claim', v. n. To give applause. — 2, v. a.
To applaud : — to proclaim. — 3, n. Accla-
mation.

Ac-cla-ma'tion, n. Shout of applause,
choice, or assent.

.^c-cli'mate, \v. a. To inure to a new

.^c-cli'ma-tize, J climate.

Ac-cli-ma'tion, \n. Process of be-

Ac-cli-mat-i-za'tion, J coming acclimated.

^LC-cliv'i-tj:, n. 'steepness reckoned up-
ward :— ascent of a hill.

Ac-co-lade', n. Blow used in conferring
knighthood.

.^c-com'mo-date, v. a. To adapt ; to fit ;

• to adjust : — to serve : — to furnish.

4-C-com'm9-dat-ingr, p. a. Obliging : — af-
fording accommodation.

^-c-com-mo-da'tion, n. Provision of con-
veniences : — fitness ; adjustment : — kind-
ness.

j$.c-c6m'pa-ni-ment, n. That which attends
a thing or person.

4^c-cSm'pa-nist, n. One who performs an
accompanying part in music.

^.c-cSm'pai-njr (ak-kiim'pa-ne), v. o. To
attend ;*to go with ; to be with.

Ac-com'plice, n. Partner in a crime.

4'C-com'plish, v. a. To complete ; to fulfil ;
to bring'about.

Ac-com'plished (ak-k6m'plisht), p. a.
Finished ; complete : — refined ; polished.

^-c-cSm'plish-ment, n. Completion : — or-
nament of mind or taste. [ant.

4LC-oompt'gint ( ak-ko tint' ant), n. Account-



4.c-cord', V. a. To award ; to grant. — 2, v. n.
To agree ; to harmonize.— -3, n. Agree-
ment ; union.

^.c-cord'ance, n. Agreement ; conformity.

4Lc-cord'ant, a. Agreeing ; corresponding.

Ac-cord'ing-lx, ad. Agreeably : — in due
course*

Ac-cbrd'ing t8, prep. In accordance with.

4tc-cor'di-on, n. Small musical wind in-
strument, with keys and bellows.

4.c-cost', V. a. To speak to ; to address.

4.c-cofint', n. Computation ; bill : — narra-
tive : — sake : — importance. — 2, v. a. To
esteem ; to compute. — 3, v. n. To reckon ;
to give an account : — to give a reason.

.^c-cofint'ai-ble, a. Liable to be called to
account"; responsible : — that can be ac-
counted for. — 4.c-cbunt-ai-bil'i-tx, -^c-
cbflnt'a-ble-nSss, n.

4.c-coflnt'g.nt, n. One skilled in accounts.

4.c-c8u'tre (ak-k6'tur), v. a. To equip.

4.c-c8u'tre-ment (ak-ko'tur-ment), n.
Dress ; outfit ; ornaments.

4.c-cred'it, v. a. To give credit to : — to send
with credentials.

.^c-cre'tion, n. External growth.

■^.c-criie', V. n. To accede ; to be added : —
to arise, as profits.

^.c-ciim'ben-cj:, w. State of being reclining.

4c-ciim'bent, a. Leaning up to ; reclining.

^.c-cii'mA-late, v. To heap up ; to collect ;
to increase.

.^c-cu-mA-la'tion, n. Acquired mass.

Ac-cii'mii-lsi-tive, a. Accumulating.

Ac'cA-rate, a. Exact ; correct ; precise ;
without error. — Ac'cA-ra-cx, Ac'cA-rgite-
ness, n. — Ac'cA-rate-lj:, ad.

.^c-ciirse', v. a. To" doom ; to curse.

Ac-ciirs'ed {or ak-kiirst'), p. a. Cursed ;
execrable.

Ac-cft-§a'tion, n. That of which one is
accused ; "charge ; censure.

.^tc-cu'ga-tive, a. Accusing : — applied to the
objective case of Greek and Latin nouns.

4Lc-cii§e', V. a. To charge with a crime ; to
impeach ; to censure. [iarize.

Ac-cus'tom, V. a. To habituate ; to famil-

Ace (as) J n. Unit on cards or dice ; one : —
very near.

.^-cer'bi-tjr, n. Sour taste : — severity of
temper or language. [gar.

A-cet'ic, a. Having the properties of vine-

A-cet'jj-lene, n. Colorless gas which burns
with a brilliant light.

Aphe (ak), n. Continued pain. — 2, v. n.
To be in continued pain.

4L-chieve', v. a. To perform : — ^to gain.

.^-chieve'ment, n. Act of achieving ; per<
formance ; accomplishment : — great or
heroic deed.

Aph'ing (ak'ing),w. Pain ; uneasiness. — 2,
p. a. Painful ; distressing.

A?h-ro-mat'ic, a. Not showing color.

Ac'id (as'id)", a. Sour, like vinegar.— 2, «.
Sour substance. — A-cid'i-tjC) 4.$'id-n.8sS|
n. Sourness.



ACIDIFY



16



ADIEU



J^-ctd'i-ff, V. a. To convert into acid.

4.-cid'ii-late, v. a. To make slightly acid.

^-cid'A-lous, a. Somewhat sour.

^.c-knowl'edfe (ak-n61'ej), v. a. To own
the knowledge of : — to confess : — to admit
the truth of : — to confess to receiving.

4LC-knowl'edi - ment, ji. Act of acknowl-
edging ; confession : — gratitude.

Ac'me, n. Highest point ; culmination.

Ac'ne", n. Pustule on the face : — pustulous
skin disease.

Ac'o-lyte, n. Server in the church.

Ac'o-nite, n. Poisonous herb, and a drug
derived from it.

A'com, n. Seed or fruit of the oak.

^.-coiis'tic, a. Relating to hearing or to
sound.

^-cbus'tics, n. pi. Science of sound.

^.c-quaiiit', v. a. To make familiar with ;
to inform. — 2, a. Acquainted.

4LC-quaint'ance, n. Familiarity with; knowl-
edge of :— person or persons well known.

4.c-quaint'ed, a. Familiar with.

Ac-qui-esce' (ak-we-es'), y. n. To concur
in, or remain satisfied with ; to comply.

Xc-qui-es'cence, n. Compliance ; assent.

Ae-qui-es'cent, a. Easy ; submitting.

.^c-quire', v. a. To gain ; to get ; to earn.

tc-quire'ment, n. That which is acquired.
c-qui-§i"tion (ak-we-zish'un), n. Act of

acquiring ; thing acquired.
^c-qui§'i-tive, a. Disposed to acquire. —

4.c-qui§'i-tive-ness, n.
^.c-quit', V. a. To set free : — to absolve : —

to settle, as a debt : — to perform one's part.
4.c-quit'tal, n. Deliverance from the charge

of an offence.
4Lo-quit'tance, n. Discharge from a debt ;

receipt in token of acquittance.



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA new primary dictionary of the English language ... → online text (page 2 of 67)