Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A primary dictionary of the English language online

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Ton-kin'
Ton-nerre'
Ton-ne-win'ta
Ton'njng-en
Ton-quin' (-ken')



Toom-btid'dra
Topayos(t9-pi'y6s)
To-pe^kah
Tor-bay', or

Tor'bay
Tbr'gaLu, {or -gbu">
To-ri'no
Tdr'mes
Tor'ne-^
Tor'on-tal
Torquay (tbr-ke')
Torriglia (tor-rel'-
Tor-ris-dal' fya)
Tor-tS'la, or

Tbr'to-la
Tor-to'na
Tor-to'sa
Tor-tii'g|i
To-ta'na
Tot-ness', or

Tot'ness
Toul (tol)
Toulon' (to-long')
T6u-16u§e' (to-loz')
Touraine (to-ran')
Tour-na-ghaut'
Tour-nay'
Tours (tor, or torz)
Towcester (tbus'-

ter)
TiSf-al-gar', or '

Tra-fal'gar
Ti^j-an-op'9-li
Tra-lee'
Tr^-more'
Tra'ni

Tran-que-bar'
Ti^n-sy 1-va' ni-ai
Trap'a-ni
Ti^v-an-cbre'
Tiav'is

Traz-5s-moii'tes
Treb-i-§ond'
Tred'e-gar
Trel'sam
Trem'e-cen
Trem'j-ti
Tre-mont'
Treve§, {or tiSv)
Tre-vi'|i(tra-)[yo)
Treviglio (tra-vel'-
Tre-vi'§o (tra-)
Tri'ca-la
Tricli-j-nSp'o-ly
Trj-este'
Trinc-o-ma-lee'
Trin-j-dad'
Trin-o-ma-lee'
Trip'o-li
Trip'o-lis
Trip-o-liz'zai



Trol-haet't?i
Trond'hjem (-yem)
Trop'pau (-pbu)
Tros'achs
Trow'bridge
Troyes (trwa)
Truxillo (trfi-hel'-
Ts^her-kask' [yo)
Tsi-am'pa
Tu''?im
Tu'a-rick
Tu-at', (ortwat)
Tti-bac' [en)

Tubingen (tu'bmg-
Tu-cu-man'
Tu-d'e'la rtu-da'la)
Tu-ga-16o'
Tu-la're
Tfi'le

Tiil-ia-more'
Tulle'

Tum'bez (-bes)
Tun-gu-ra'gua
Tun'gu-se§, or
Tun-gu'se?
Tu'ni-cgi

Tuol'um-ne(tw81'-)
Turcoing (tur-

kwang')
Tur-cg-ma'nj-^
Tur'c9-manf
Tu'rfii, or Tu-rin'
Tur-kes-ten'
Tum-hbut'
Tu-ron'
Tur-sheez'
Tu-ru-chansk'
Tus-ca^loo'sa
Tus-c?-raw'sis
Tus-ca-r6'r§i
Tuy (twe)
Tver (ver)
Twee'dale
Tyne'mouth
Tyr'nau (ter'nbu)
Tyr'ol, or Ty-rcl'
Ty-r6ne'

U.

tr-be'da (-ba'-)
lO-cay-a'le (-la)
^'di-ne (-na)
Uist (Wist)
ui'ten-ha|e
ij'kraine, (or o-

kran')
t5'le-a-bbrg
tj-lie-te'a

Ulni (ulrn, or dim)
Cl§'wMer



380



MODERN GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.



Om'ba-gog

C'me-a

Om me-ra-poo'ra

tJ-po-ld'

tjp'sal, or yp-sa'Ia

iJp-sal-la'fa

u'ral, (or 6-ral')

ti-ralsk'

Vr-ba'nai

tir-bi'no

tJr-mi'a

ijr'se-ren

tJ-ru ffuay', (or

■ -gwi')
fl-ru-mJ'ah
1&'§e-dom [ang')
Csh'ant, (or tish-
l^s'ti-ug
u'tah
C'ta-was
u'trecht
iJ-tre'Va (-tra'-)
yt-tox'e-ter, (or

ux'e-ier)
Uwchlan(yuk'l^n)
fix-mal'
tfz-becks'
TJzes (6-zas')
tiz'nach (ots'nak)



y.



Vai'g^ts
Valais (vi-la')
Val'daijor Val'dai
Valdepenas (val-

de-pan'yas)
Val-div'i-Ei
Valence (valans')
Vfii-len'ci-a (she-)
Va-len-ci-a'na
Valenciennes (vSll-

an-se-en')
Va-len'ti-a (-she-a)
Val-Ia-do-lid'
Vallejo (val-ya'ho)
Val-lom-bro'sa
Valois (val-wa')
Val-pa-rai's6
Val'te-llne
Val-tel-li'na
Van-c6u'ver
Van-da 'li-a
Van Die'men
Van-i-ko'ro
Vannes (van)
Va-ri'nas
Vas-^r-he'ly
Vas-il-i-pot'a-mo
VUs'sai-b6r-9Ugh
Vas-sy' (-sS')



Vau-clu§e' (vo-
Vaud (v6) [kluz')
Vau-dreuil' (v6-

di-61')
Veglia (vel'ya)
Ve-lay'

Ve'Iez, (or va'leth)
Ve-ll'no,

Vel-le'tri (-la'tre)
Vel-lore''
Venaissin (ven-as-

sang')
Ve-nan'go( nSng' )
Vendee (v'tin da')
Vendome (v'aa-

d5ra')
Ven-e-zue'la, (or

-zwa'-)
Ven'ice
Ven-ioo'
Ve'rgi Cruz', (or

va'ra-krus')
Ve'ra Paz'
Ve-ra'gua
Ver-cel'li(-chel'le)
Ver-dun'

Ver-genne§' [ho)
Vermejo (ver-ma'-
Ver-mil'ion
Ve-ro'na
Versailles'
Ver-setz' (-sets')
Verviers (ver've-a)
Ve-|6ul' (ve-z6i')
Ve-su'vt-ua'
Ve-vay'
Vi'-a'na
Vi'b'drg
Vj-cen'za, (or ve-

chen'za)
Vigh (vek)
Vicks'biirg
Vi-din'
Vi-enne'
Vi'g5
V}-laine'
Vil-lach'

Vil'la^Re-al' (-ra-)
Vil'la Ri'ca
Ville-fran^he'
Ville-neuve'
Vil-lette'
Vil-v6or'den
Vin-cenne§'
VInd'hya (-ya)
Vintimiglia (vin-

te-mSl'ya)
Vi'que (Ve'ka)
Vire (ver)
V}-se'u (ve-sa'S),
or VJ'se^fi (sa-)



Vis'tu-la

Vi-tepsk'

Vj-ter'bo

Vitre (vetr)

Vi-tim'

Vit-t5'ri-a

Viviers (viv'e-a)

Viz-^i-^p-si-tam'

Vlad-i-mir'

Vo'gels-berg

Voghera (vo-gu'ra)

Voiron(v\va rong')

Vol-hyn'i-a

Vol-tur'n5

Vor-arl'berg

Vor'o-netz (-nets)

Vosges (vozh)

Vu'ko-var

Vu ox'en

w.

Waag (wag)

Waal (wal)

Wa'bash

WSi'day

Wad'y

Wa'grara

Wait'zen (-sen)

Wal-ah'mutte

Wal'che-ren

Wal'deck '

Wal-den'se^

Wal'do-bSr-ough

Wal-la'chi-a

wai'ia-Wai'i^

Wal'len-stadt

(-Stat)
Wal'ling-fbrd
Wal'sall
WEilt'ham (Eng.)
Wai'thani (U. S.)
W^n-chbw'
Wandf'worth

(wonz'wUrth)
Wan-ga'ra
Wan-lock-head'
Wap-si-pin'e-con
War'si-dein (wor'-)
War'as-din (wor'-)
War'min-ster
War'ren (wor'ren)
War'wjch, (or

wor'ik)
Wash'ing-ton

(wosh'ing-ton)
Wash-i-ti' (wosh-

e-taw')
Wash'te-n^w

(wosh'-)
WSl-ter-ee'



W§.'ter-loo
Wa-ter-vliet'
Wilu-ke'gan
Wau'ke-sha
Wavertree ( wsL'tre)
Wavre (wa'vr)
Wear'mouth
Wednes'bu-ry

(wenz'ber-e)
Wednesfield

(wenz'feld)
Weich'sd-burg
Wei'hiar
Weln'heim
Wels'sen-bourg
Weis'sen-fels
Wemyss (weraz)
Wen'do-ver
Weo'bley (wo'ble)
Wer-ni-|e-r6'de
Wert'heim
Wes'ter-as
Wes'ter-wald
West'man-land
West-mSath'
West'min-ster
West'more-land
West-plia'li-ai
Wet-te-va'vi-a
Wexio (wek'sho)
Wey (wa)
Wey'er [mutll)
Wey 'mouth (wa'-
Whai'ley
Whid'ah
Wie-licz'ka (we-

'lich'ka)
Wie'sel-biirg
Wie'^en
Wig'an
Wilkes'Mr-re
Wil-lam'mette
Wil'ming-ton
Wil'na
Win'ander-mere,

or Win'der-mere
Win'chel-sga
Win'ches-ter [zor)
Wind'^or (win'-
Win-ne-ba'go
Win'nj'-peg
Winnipiseogee

(win-e-pe-

siw'ke)
Wis-ba'den, or

Wis'ba-den
Wi§'beach (yftzJ-

bich)
Wit'ien-stein
With 'am
Wit'ten-b6rg



MODERN GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.



381



Wo-a-h66'

Wo'burn

Wolfenbuttel

(wol'fen-but'-
Woll'stein [tel)
Wol-ve r-hamp'ton

(w'ul-)
Wol'ver-ley

(wul'-)
Woolwich (wul'ij)
Woon-sock'et
VVooton (wut'tn)
Worcester (wus'-

ter) [ted)

Worstead (wors'-
Wotton-uiider-

Edge (w6-tn-

un'drij)
Wor'thing (wUr'-)
Wrag'by (rag'be)
Wrex'ham (rex'-

am)
Wiir'tem-berg
WUrzburg (wUrts'-
Wy-an-dot' [burg)
Wy'bdrg
Wy'combe (wi'-

kprn), or Wyc'-

ombe (wik'um)
Wy-6'ming

X.

Xa-id'pa (ha-la'pa)
Xauxa (hbu'ha)
Xe'i4-9i (ze'-)



Xenil (ha-iiel')
Xeres (lia-res')
Xi-co'co (ze-ko'ko)
Xi'mo (ze'mo)
Xin-gu' (shln-gii')
Xi-x6'na (he-ho'-)
Xo'a (siio'a)
Xo-chi-inil'co (lio)
XulTa (zul'la)
Xuxuy (liu like')

Y.

Yak'e-ma

Ya-koutsk'

Yal-a bu'sha

Ya-mas'ka

Yam-pa-ra'es

Yang-tcheou'

Yang'tse-ki-ang'

Ya'ni-na

Ya-o^tche6u'

Ya-qui' (ya-ke'),or

Y-a'qui (-ke)
YaV-kund'
Yar'o-slaf
Yar'rj-ba

Ya-z66' [burg

Ye-kat-e-ri'nen-
Ye-kat-e ri'no grad
Ye-kat-e-ri ' no -slji v
Yem'en, or

Ye'men
Yen-i-ka'le (-la)
Yen-i-sei, (or yen-



Yen-i-seisk', {or
yen-e-sa'isk)

Yeo'vil

Yeth'olm (-om)

Yeyd (yad) "

Yougliall (yo'awl,
or j'awl)

Youghiogeny (yok-
e-ga'ne)

Ypres (5'pr)

Yp-si-kn'ti

Ys'sel (js'sel)

Ys'tadt (is'tat)

Ytli'an (itli'?,n)

Yucatan'

Yun-nan'

Yu-ru'pa

Ytiz-gat'

Yv-er-dun'

Yvetot (ev-to')

z.

Zaab (zab)

Zaan-dam'

Za'a-ra, or Z^-a'ra

Zac-a-lu'ia

Zac-a-te'c^is (-ta.'-)

Za-gilb'

Za-ire'

Zam-beze'

Za-mo'ra (th^t-)

Zam-pa'la

Zan gue-bar'

Zan'te '

Zan-Z}-bar'



Zea'land

Ze-bid'

Ze-bu'

Ze|'e-din

Zei'lii (za'la)

Zei-tun' (za-tun')

Zeitz (tslts)

Zel'le (tsel'la)

Zerbst (tserpst)

Zi'a

Zie -gen-hay n'

Xtse-)
Zim-ba'o
Zirk'uitz (tsirk'-

nits)
Zittau (tsit'tbu)
Zlock'zow
Zna'ym, or Znaym
Zoll'ver-eln
Zou-wan'
Zuf-fer-a-bad'
Zug (tsug)
Zu'li-a (su'-)
Zul'pich (fsul'ptk)
Zuni (zun'ye)
Zu'rich
Zut'phen
Ziiy'der Zee'
Zweibrlicken

(tswi'bruk-

ken)
Zwel'ien-dam
Zwick'au (tswik'~
Zvvoll (tswol) [du)
Zwbr'nik
Zyt'9-mierf



ABBEEYIATIONS.



A. A S. (jlcademim Ameri-
canm Socius.) Fellow of
the American Academy.

A. B. (^Artium. Baccalaure-
us.) Bachelor of Arts.

A. B. C. F. M . American
Board of Commissioners
for Foreign Missions.

Abp. Archbishop.

A. B. S. American Bible
Society. [fore Christ.

A. C. (^Ante Christum.) Be-

A. C. S. American Colo-
nization Society.

A. D. {Aano Dumini.) In
the Year of our Lord.

Ad., or Adv. Adverb.

Ad lib. {Ad libitum.) At
pleasure. [age ; aged.

^t., or JE.. {^tatis.) Of

A.&F.B.S. American and
Foreign Bible Society

A. H. M.S. American Home
Missionary Society.

Al-., or Ala. Alabama.

A. M. (Artium Magister.)
Master of Arts.

A. M. {Ante Meridiem.)
Before noon, [quantity.

Ana. {Medicine.) In like

Anat. Anatomy.

Ang. Sax. Anglo-Saxon.

Anon. Anonymous.

Ant.jOrAntiq. Antiquities.

A. O. S. S. {Americana Ori-
entalis Societatis Socius.)
Member of the American
Oriental Society.

Ar., or Arab. Arabic.

Arch. Architecture.

Arith. Arithmetic.

Ark. Arkansas.

A. R. S. S. {Antiquariorum

RegixB Societatis Socius.)

Fellow of the Royal

. Society of Antiquaries.

A. S. S. U. American
Sunday School Union.

Astrol. Astrology.

Astron. Astronomy.

A. T. S. American Tract
Society. — American
Temperance Society.

A. U. A. American Uni-
tarian Association.

A. U. C. {Anno Urbis Con-
ditm.) In the Year from
the Building of the City

Aug. August. [(Rome).



B. A. Bachelor of Arts.
Bart., or Bt. Baronet.
B. C. Before Christ. [Law.
B. C. L. Bachelor ot Civil
B. D. Bachelor of Divinity.
Bd. Bound.

B. L. {Baccalaureus Le-
gum.) Bachelor df Laws,

B. M. {Baccalaureus Medi-
cince.) Bachelor of Medi-

Bot. Botany. [cine.

Bp. Bishop.

Brit. Britain. — British.

C. {Centum.) A hundred.
— Cent. — Congress.

Cal. California. — Calends.

C. A. S. Fellow of the
Connecticut Academy.

C. C. P. Court of Com-
mon Pleas.

C. E. Civil Engineer. —
Canada East, [hundred.

Cent., or Ct. {Centum.) A

C. H. Court-House.

Cons., or Const. Constable.

Chem. Chemistry.

Chron. Chronicles.

C. J. Chief Justice.

Co. County. — Company.

Col. Colonel. — Colossians,

Coll. College.— Collector.

Con. {Contra.) Against,
or in opposition.

Conch. Conchology.

Con. Cr. Contra Credit.

Cong., or C. Congress.

Conn., or Ct. Connecticut.

Cor. Corinthians.

C. P. Common Pleas.— ^
Court of Probate.

Cr. Credit. — Creditor.

Crim. Con. Criminal Con-
versation, or Adultery.

Crystal. Crystallography.

C. S. {Custos Sigilli.)
Keeper of the Seal. —
Court of Sessions.

Ct. Cent. — Count. — Court.

C. W. Canada West.
Cwt. Hundred-weight.

D.jor A,{Denarius.)Veway .
Dan. Daniel. — Danish.

D. C. District of Columbia.
D. C. L. Doctor of Civil

Law.
D. D. {Divinitatis Doctor)
Doctor of Divinity.



Dec. December.

Del. Delaware Delegate.

Den. Denmark.

Dep., or Dept. Department.

Dep. Deputy.

Dept., or Dpt. Deponent.

Deut. Deuteronomy.

D.G. {Dei Gratict.) By the

Grace of God.
D. M. Doctor of Music.
Do. {Ditto.) The same.
Dols., or $. Dollars.
Doz. Dozen. [phy.

D, P. Doctor of Philoso-
Dr. Doctor. — Debtor. —
Dut. Dutch. [Dram.
Dwt. Pennyweight.

E. East.— Earl.— Eagle.
Eccl. Ecclesiastes.

Ed. Edition.— Editor.
E. E. Errors excepted.
E. G., or e. g. {Exempli
Oratid..) For example.
E. I. East Indies, [pany.
E. I. C. East India Com-
Elec. Electricity.
E. Lon. East Longitude.
Ency. Encyclopaedia.
E. N. E. East-north-east.
Eng. England. — English.
Ent. Entomology. [im.
Eph. Ephesians. — Epnra-

E. S. E. East-south-east.
Esq., or Esqr. Esquire.
E.T. English Translation.
Et al. {Et alii.) And others.
Etc., or &c. {Et ccBtera.)

And others ; and so forth.
Ex. Example. — Exodus.
Exod. Exodus.
Ezek. Ezekiel.

Fahr. Fahrenheit.
F.A.S. Fellow of the So-
ciety of Arts.
Feb. February.

F. E. S. Fellow of the
Entomological Society.

F. G. S. Fellow of the
Geological Society.

Fig. Figure. — Figurative.

Fl., Flor., or Fa. Florida.

Fl. Flemish. [Florin.

Fl., or fl. Flourished

F. L. S. Fellow of the
Linnaean Society.

Fo., or Fol. Folio.

Fort. Fortification.
(.382)



ABBREVIATIONS.



383



Fr. France. — French.

F. R. A. S. Fellow of the
Royal Astronomical So-
ciety.

F. R. G. S. Fellow of the
Royal Geographical So-
ciety. [Royal Society.

F. R. S. Fellow of the

F. R. S. E. Fellow of the
Royal Society, Edin-
burgh.

F. R. S. L. Fellow of the
Royal Society of Litera-
ture.

F. S. A. Fellow of the
Society of Antiquaries.
— Fellow of the Society
of Arts.

Ft. Foot, or Feet.— Fort.

Ga., or Geo. Georgia.
Gal. Galatians. — Gallon.

G. B. Great Britain.
Gen. General. — Genesis.
Gent. Gentleman.

Geo. George. — Georgia.
Geog. Geography.
Geol. Geology.
Geom. Geometry.
Ger. German. — Germany.
Gov. Governor.
Gr. Greek. — Grains.

H., h., or hr. Hour.

Heb. Hebrews. — Hebrew.

H. E. I. C. Honorable East
India Company.

Her. Heraldry.

Herp. Herpetology.

Hf. bd. Half-bound.

Hhd. HofiShead.

H. M. S. His, or Her, Maj-
esty's Ship, or Service.

Hon. Honorable.

Hort. Horticulture.

H. P. Half-pay. [atives.

H. R. House of Represent-

H. R. H. His, or Her,
Royal Highness.

H. S. S. Fellow of the
Historical Society.

Hund. Hundred.

la. Indiana.

lb., or lojd. {Ibidem.) Jn

the same place.
Icel. Iceland — Icelandic.
Ich. Ichthyology.
Id. {Idem.) The same. [is.
I. e., or i. e. {Id est.) That
I. H. S. {Jesus Hominum



Salvator.) Jesus the Sav-
iour of Men.
111. Illinois. [known.
Incog. {I!icognito.) Un-
Ind. India. — Indiana.
Infin. Infinitive, [place.
In loc. {In loco.) In the
Inst. Instant, or Of the
lo. Iowa, [present month.
I. O. O. F. Independent
Order of Odd Fellows.
Isa. Isaiah. [tense.

I. t., or imp. t. Imperfect
It. Italy. — Italian. — Italic.

J. Judge.

J. A. Judge Advocate.

Jan. January. [Law.

J. C. D. Doctor of Civil

J. D. {.Inrum Doctor.)
Doctor of Laws.

J. H. S. {Jesus Hominum
Salvator.) Jesus the Sav-
iour of Men.

J. P. Justice of the Peace.

J. Prob. Judge of Probate.

Jr., or Jun. Junior.

Kan. Kansas.
K. C. King's Council.
Ken., or Ky. Kentucky.
Kingd., or Km. Kingdom.
Knt., Kt., or K. Knight.

L. Lord. — Lady Latin.

L., or Lib. {Liber.) Book.
L., Lib., lb., or ft. {Libra.)

Pound in weight, [ling.
h.,l., or £. Pound ster-
La., or Lou. Louisiana.
Lat. Latitude. — Latin.
L. C. Lord Chancellor. —

Lower Canada.
L. C, or 1. c. {Loco citato.)

In the place cited.
L. C. J. Lord Chief Jus-
Ld., or L. Lord. [tice.
L. I. Long Island.
Lieut., or Lt. Lieutenant.
Lieut. Gen. Lieutenant-

General. [Governor.
Lieut. Gov. Lieutenant-
LL. B. {Legum Bdccalaure-

us.) Bachelor of Laws.
LL. D. {Legum Doctor.)

Doctor of Laws.
Lon., orLong. Longitude.
Lou., or La. Louisiana.
Low L. Low Latin.
L. S. {Locus Sigilli.) Place

of the Seal.



M. Marquis, — Masculine.
— Monsieur, Sir, or Mis-
ter. — Month. — Minute.
— Mile Married.

M. {Mille.) A thousand.

M. A. Master of Arts.

Ma., or Minn. Minnesota.

Man. Manege, or Horse-
manship, [setts.

Mass., or Ms. Massachu-

Math. Mathematics.

Matt. Matthew.

M. B. {Medicince Baccalau-
reu^s.) Bachelor of Medi-
cine, [gress.

M. C. Member of Con-

M. D. {MedicincB Doctor.)
Doctor of Medicine.

Md. Maryland.

Me. Maine. [pal.

M. E. Methodist Episco-

Mem. Memorandum.

Messrs., or MM. {Mes-
sieurs.) Gentlemen.

Meteor. Meteorology.

Meth. Methodist.

M. H. S. Massachusetts
Historical Society. -

Mich. Michigan.

Min. Mineralogy.

Miss., or Mi. Mississippi.

M. M. S. S. Member of
the Massachusetts Med-
ical Society.

Mo. Missouri. — Month.

M. P. Member of Parlia-
ment.

Mr. Mister, or Master.

3J. R. A. S. Member of the
Royal Asiatic Society.

M. R. I. Member of the
Royal Institution.

M. R. I. A. Member of the
Royal Irish Academy.

Mrs. Mistress.

M. R. S.L. Member of the
Royal Society of Liter-
ature.

M. S. {Memorice- Sacrum.)
Sacred to the Memory.

MS. Manuscript.

MSS. Manuscripts.

Mus. Music. — Museum.

Mus. D. Doctor of Music.

Myth. Mythology.

N. North. — Number.
N. A. North America.
Nat.Hist. Natural History.
Nat. Phil. Natural Philos-
Naut. NauUcal. [ophy.



>M



ABBREVIATIONS.



N. B. (J\rota bene.) Mark
well ; take notice.

N. C. North Carolina.

N. E. New England.—
North-east.

Neb. Nebraska.

Nem. con. (JVemine contra-
dicente.) No one contra-
dicting ; unanimously.

Nem. diss. {JVemine dissen-
tiente.) No one dissent-
ing 5 unanimously.

N. H. New Hampshire.

N. J. New Jersey, [itude.

N.Lat. , or N .L. North Lat-

N. N. E. North-north-east.

N.N. ^^ .North-north-west.

No. (JVumero.) Number.

Non pros. (J\ron prosequi-
tur.) He does not prose-

Nov. November, [cute.

N. S. New Style (after

N. S. Nova Scotia. [1752).

N. T. New Testament.

N. W. North-west.

N. Y. New York.

N. Y. H. S. New York
Historical Society.

O. Ohio. — Oxygen, [died.
Ob. {Ohiit.) He, or she,
Obj. Objection. — Objec-
Obt. Obedient. [tive.
Oct. October.
O. F. Odd Fellows.
Or. Oregon.
Ornith. Ornithology.
O.S.01dStyle(beforel752).
O, T. Old Testament.

P., or p. Page.— Partici-
ple.— Pole.— Pint.
Pa. jOrPenn. Pennsylvania.
Payt. Payment.
P.E. Protestant Episcopal.
Per an. {Per annum.) By

the Year.
Per cent. {Per centum.)

By the Hundred.
Ph. D., or P. D. (Philoso-
phic Doctor.) Doctor of
Philosophy.
Phren. Phrenology.
P. H. S. Pennsylvania

Historical Society.
P. M. (Post Meridiem.)

Afternoon.
P. M. Postmaster, [eral.
P. M. G. Postmaster-Gen-
P. O. Post-Office.
Pres. Present. — President.



Prof. Professor.

Pro tern. (Pro tempore.)

For the time.
Prox. (Proximo.) Next, o/-

Of the next month.
P. R. S. President of the

Royal Society.
P. S. (Post Scriptiim.)

Postscript. — Privy Seal.
Ps. Psalm, or Psalms.
Pwt. Pennyweight.

Q,. C. dueen's Council.

Q,.D., or q.d . (Quasi dicat.)
As if h« should say. [is.

a. E. (Quod est.) Which

CI. E. D. (Quod erat de-
monstrandum.) Which
was to be demonstrated.

Q.U., Qy., or q. (Qum-e.)
Query. [Which see.

Q,.V., orq. V. (Quodvide.)

R. A. Royal Academy. —

Royal Artillery.
R. E. Royal Engineers.
Rev. Reverend. — Revela-
Rhet. Rhetoric. [tion.
R. I. Rhode Island.
R. N. Royal Na^^. [page.
Ro. (Recto.) Right-hand
Rom. Cath. Roman Cath-
R. R. Railroad. [olic.
Rt. Hon. Right Honorable.
Rt. Rev. Right Reverend.

S. South Shilling.

S. A. South America.

S. A. S. (Societatis Anti-
guariorum Socms.) Fel-
low of the Society of
Antiquaries.

S. C. South Carolina.

Scil., or Sc. (Scilicet.) To
wit.

Scot. Scotland. — Scotch.

S. E. South-east.

Sen, Senior. — Senator.

Sep., or Sept. September.

Servt. Servant.

Sh., or S. Shilling.

S. H. S. (Societatis Histo-
ries Socius.) Fellow of
the Historical Society.

Sing. Singular. [Court.

S. J. C. Supreme Judicial

S. Lat. South Latitude.

Sp. Spain. — Spanish.

S. P. A. S. Member of
the American Philo-
sophical Society.



S. S. E. South-south-east.

S.S.W. South-south-west.

St. Saint,— Street.

S. T. D. (Sacrai Theologia
Doctor.) Doctor of Di-
vinity.

Ster., or Stg. Sterling.

S. T. P. (SacroB TlieologvB
Professor.) Professor of
Theology.

Surg. Surgeon. — Surgery.

S. W. South-west.

Sw. Sv^eden Swedish.

Switz. Switzerland.

T. E. Topograpliical En-
gineers.

Tenn. Tennessee.

Tex. Texas.

Text. Rec. ( Textus Recep-
tus.) Received Text.

Theol. Theology.

Thess. Thessalonians.

Tim. Timothy.

Turk. Turkey.— Turkish.

U. C. Upper Canada.
Ult. (Ultimo.) Last, or

Of the last month.
U. S. United States.
U. S. A. United States

Army. [Navy.

U. S. N. United States
U. T. Utah Territory.

V. Verb. — Verse.

V.,Vi., orVid. ( Vide.ySep.

V.,orvs.( Versus. )Ag!'.inst.

Va. Virginia.

V. A., orv. a. Verb Active.

V. D. M. ( Verbi Dei Min-
ister.) Minister of God's
Word.

Vis., or V. Viscount.

Viz. ( Videlicet.) To wit.
— Namely.

V. N., or V. n. Verb Neuter.

V. P. Vice-President.

Vs,,07'V.( Versus.) Against.

Vt. Vermont.

W. Welsh.— West.
W. I. West Indies.
Wis., orWisc. Wisconsin.
W. Lon. West Lono;itude.
W.N.W.West-north-west.
W.S.W.West-south-west.
W. T. Washington Terri-
Wt. Weight. [tory.

Zool. Zoology.



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Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA primary dictionary of the English language → online text (page 66 of 66)