Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A primary pronouncing dictionary of the English language : with vocabularies of classical, Scripture, and modern geographical names online

. (page 42 of 61)
Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA primary pronouncing dictionary of the English language : with vocabularies of classical, Scripture, and modern geographical names → online text (page 42 of 61)
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Ri'fle, V. a. to rob ; to pillage, plunder.

Ri'fle, 71. a gun with a grooved barrel.

Rl'fle-m?in, n. one armed with a rifle.

Rl'fler, n. a robber ; a plunderer.

Rift, n. a cleft ; a breach ; an opening.

Rig, V. a. to dress ; to fit with tackling.

Rlg'ging, 71. sails or tackling of a ship



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KIS



232



ROL



Right, (rit) a. fit ; proper ; true ; not

wrong; just; straight; not left.
Right, (rit) ad. properly ; justly ; truly.
Eight, (rit) n. conformity to rectitude ;

equity ; just claim ; privilege.
Right, (rit) V. a. to relieve from virrong ;

to rectify ; to make upright.
Right'an-gled, (rit'-) a. rectangular. .
Right'eous, (rl'chus) a. just ; upright.
Right'eous-ly, (rl'chus-le) ad. justly.
Rlght'eous-ness, (rl'chus-) n. justice.
Right'ful, (rit'ful) a. having right; just.
Eight'ful-ly, (rit'ful-le) ad. equitably.
Right'-hand-ed,a. using the right hand,
Rlght'ly, (rit'le) ad. properly ; justly.
Ri|'id, a. stiff; severe ; strict ; sharp.
Ri-gidT-ty, n. stiffness ; severity.
Ri^'id-iy, ad. severely; inflexibly.
Rig'id-ness, n. stiffness ; severity.
Rig'or, n. stiffness; severity; austerity.
Rig'or-ofis, a. severe ; stern ; harsh.
Rig'or-ous-ly, ad. severely ; sternly.
Rill, M. a small brook ; a streamlet.
Rim, n. a border ; a margin ; an edge.
Rime, n. hoar-frost : — a hole ; a chink.
Ri-m5se', or Rl'mous, a. full of chinks.
Rim 'pie, n. a wrinkle; a fold ; a ripple.
Rind, n. bark ; husk ; coat ; skin.
Ring, n. a circle ; a circle of metal : —

a chime ; the sound of bells, &c.
Ring, V. a. &. n. [i. rung or rang ; p.

rung ;] to strike bells, &:c. ; to sound.
Ring'-balt, n. a bolt with a ring.
Ring' dove, n. a kind of pigeon.
Ring'lead-er, n. head of a riotous body.
Ring'let, n. a small ring ; a curl.
Ring'worm, (-wUrm) n. circular letter.
Rinse, V. a. to wash ; to cleanse.
Rl'gt, n, uproar ; a tumult by a mob.
Rl'pt, V. n. to revel ; to raise an uproar.
Rl'ot-er, n. one who raises a riot.
Rl'ot-oiis, a. seditious ; turbulent.
Rl'ot-oiis-ly, ad. in a riotous manner.
Rip, V. a, to tear; to lacerate.
Ripe, a. mature ; finished ; complete.
Rl'pen, (rl'pn) v. n. to grow ripe.
Rl'pen, (ri'pn) v. a. to make ripe.
Ripe'ness, n. the state of being ripe.
Rlp'ple, V. n. to fret on the surface.
Rip'ple,n. fretting or agitation of water.
Rife, V. n. [i. rose ; p. risen ;] to get

up ; to arise ; to grow ; to ascend.
Rise, n. ascent; increase ; beginning.
Ri^'en, (riz'zn) p. from Rise.
Rif-i-bil'}-ty, n. quality of being risible.
Ri^'i-ble, a. exciting laugliter.
Rif'ing, 71. a getting up; insurrection.
Risk, n. hazard ; danger ; peril.



Risk, V. a. to hazard ; to put in danger.
Rite, n. a religious ceremony.
RTt'u-al, 0. relating to rites.
Rit'u-al, n. a book of religious rites.
Rit'u-al-ist, n. one skilled in the ritual.
Ri'val, 71. a competitor ; an antagonist.
Ri'val, a. standing in competition.
Ri'val, V. a. to strive to excel, emulate.
Rl'val-ry,7i competition; emulation.
Rive, V. a. & it. [i. rived ; p. riven ;] to

split ; to part asunder ; to cleave.
Riv'en, (rlv'vn) p. from Rive.
Riv'er, 71. a large current of water.
Riv'et, n. a fastening pin clinched.
Riv'et, V. ft. to fasten with rivets.
Siv'u-let, 71. a small river ; a brook.
Roach, (roch) n. a fresh-water fish.
Road, 71. a large way or passage; a path.
Road'stead,ji. place for ships at anchor.
Roam, V. n. to wander ; to ramble.
R6an,a.bay, sorrel, or black, with spots.
Roar, V. n. to make a loud noise.
Roar, 71. cry of a beast ; a loud noise.
Roast, V. a. to cook by the fire ; heat.
Roast, n. that which is roasted.
Rob, V. a. to take by force ; to plunder.
Rob'ber, n. one who robs ; a plunderer.
Rob'ber-y, 71. act of robbing ; theft.
Robe, n. a govA'n of state ; a dress.
Robe, V. a. to dress in a robe.
Rob'jn, 71. a common bird.
Ro-bust', a. strong ; sinev/y ; vigorous.
Roch'et, n. a surplice : — a fish.
Rock, 71. a great mass of stone.
Rock, V. a. & 7i. to move backwards

and forwards ; to reel.
Rock'et, n. an artificial firework.
Rock'i-ness, n. state of being rocky.
Rock'-salt, 7). common mineral salt.
Rock'y, a. full of rocks ; hard ; stony
Rod, n. a twig : — a perch ; 16^ feet.
Rode, i. & p. from Ride.
Ro'dent, a. gnawing, as an animal
R6d-o-mon-tade',?j. an empty blusteif.
K6d-o-mon-ta'dist, n. a boaster ; rodo-

montador. [boaster.

Rod-o-mon-ta'dor, n. one who blusters j
Roe, n. female of the hart : — spawn.
Roe'buck, n. a small species of deer.
Ro-ga'tion, n. litany ; supplication.
Rogue, (log) n. a knave ; a villain.
Rogu'er-y, (rSg'er-e) 71. villany. [gish.
Rogu'ish, (rsl'ishj a. knavish; wag-
Roil' V. a. to render turbid ; to disturb.
R5II, V. a. &. n. to move or turn in a

circle ; to revolve ; to inwrap.
Roll, n. act of rolling ; a mass made

round ; a roller ; register ; catalogue.



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ROS



233



ROY



Roll'er, 71. he or that which rolls ; a
thing turning on its axis ; a fillet.

Roiring-pin, 74. a round piece of wood.

Roll'ing-press, n. a press for copper-
plate printing.

Ro'nian, a. relating to Rome.

Ro-mance',n. a tale of wild adventures.

Ro-mance', v. n. to forge stories, <fcc.

Ro-man'cer, 7i. a writer of romances.

Ro'm^n-ist, n. a Roman Catholic.

R9-man'tic, a. relating to, or partaking
of, romance ; fantastic ; wild.

Ro'mish, a. relating to Rome.

Romp, V. a rude, awkward girl.

Romp, V. n. to play rudely.

Romp'ish, a. inclined to rude play.

Rood, n. the fourth part of an acre.

Roof, n. the cover of a house ; vault.

Roof, V. a. to cover with a roof.

Root'less,a. wanting a roofj uncovered.

Roof'let, n. a small roof or covering.

IRook, (rok or ruk) n. a bird ; a cheat.

|t!66k, V. a. & 7i. to cheat ; to plunder.

(Rook'er-y, n. a nursery of rooks.

Room, 71. space ; stead ; apartment.

Room'y, a. spacious ; large ; capacious.

Roost, n. that on which a bird rests.

Roost, V. n. to sleep as a bird ; to lodge.

Roost'er, n. one that roosts ; a cock.

Root, 71. that part of the plant which
rests in the ground ; original.

Root, V. a. &. n. to take root ; to fix deep.

Root'ed, a. fixed by roots ; deep.

Root'let, n. a small root ; fibre of a root.

Rope, n. a large cord ; halter ; cable.

Rope'-dan-cer, 7^ a dancer on a rope.

Rope'-mak-er, n. one who makes ropes.

Eop'er-y, (rop'er-e) ; n. place where

Rope'wa.lk, (rop'wak) \ ropes are

Ro'pi-ness, 7i. viscosity. [made.

Ro'py, a. viscous ; glutinous.

Ro'?a-ry, n. a string or bunch of beads.

Ros'cjd, a. dewy; abounding with dew.

Ro^e, 71. a plant and flower.

Rose, i. from Rise.

R6'§e-ate, (ro'zhe-at) a. rosy ; fragrant.

Ro§e'-bug, n. an insect; a beetle.

Ro^e'ma-ry, 7i. a sweet-smelling plant.

R6'§et, n. a red color for painters.

Ro-fette', 71. an artificial rose.

Ro^e'-wa-ter, 71. water distilled from
roses.

Ro^e'wood, (roz'wud) n. a fine wood

Ro^'jn, 71. inspissated turpentine.

Ro'^i-ness, n. state of being rosy.

R5^'in-y, a. resembling rosin.

Ross, n. the outer, rough bark of trees.

Ros'tral, u. like the beak of a ship.



Ros'tnim, n. the beak of a bird, or of a

shij) : — a scaffold or pulpit.
Ro'^y, a. resembling a rose ; blooming.
Rot, V. to putrefy ; to make putrid.
Rot, 71. a distemper among sheep.
Ro'ta-ry, ) a. turning on its axis, as
Ro'ta-to-iT) ) '^ wheel ; whirling.
Ro-ta'tion, n. a turning round ; a turn.
R5te, 71. a mere repetition of words.
Rot'ten, (rot'tn) a. putrid ; not firm.
Rot'ten-ness, (rot'tn-nes) 71. putridness.
Ro-tund', a. rouinf; circular; spherical.
Ro-tun'di-ty, 71. roundness; sphericitJ^
Kouge, (rozli) n. red paint.
Rouge, (rozh) v. to paint with rouge.
Rough, (ruf ) a. not smooth ; harsh.
Rough'cist, (ruf'kast) v. a. to form 01

cast rudely.
Rough'cSst, (riSf'kast) n. a rude model.
Roiigh'draw, (ruf'driw) v. a. to trace.
Rough'en, (ruf'fn) v. a. to make rough.
Rough-hew, (riif 'hu or riif-hu') v. a. to

hew or form coarsely.
Rough'ly, (ruf'le) ad. with roughness.
Rough'ness, (ruf'nes) 71. ruggedness.
Roiigh'-shod, (riif shod) a. having the

feet shod with roughened shoes.
Round, a. circular; spherical; full.
Round, 7t. a circle ; a sphere ; course.
Round, ad. on all sides ; around.
Round, prep, on every side of; around.
Round, V. a. & n. to make or go round.
Round 'a-boiit, a. circuitous ; indirect.
Rbun'de-lay, n. a poem ; a song.
Rbund'ly, ad. in a round foim ; plainly.
Rbund'ness, n. rotundity ; openness.
Round '-rob-in, n. a petition or writing

signed bynames in a circle or ring.
Rou§e, V. to wake from rest ; to start.
Rout, 7t. a rabble : — evening party : —

the confusion of an army defeated.
Rout, V. a. to put into confusion. ;
Route, or Route, 71. a journey ; road ;

way ; passage ; course.
Rou-tine', (ro-ten') n. a course.
Rove, V. 71. to ramble : to range.
Rov'er, n. one who roves ; a wanderer.
Row, (ro)7i. a range of things; a rank.
Row, n. a riotous noise.
Row, (ro) V. to impel a vessel by oars.
Rbw'el, 71. the point of a spur ; a seton.
Rbw'el, V. a. to insert a rowel in.
Rb\v'en,7i. a second crop of grass.
Row'er, 71. one who manages an oar.
Rby'ai, a. kingly ; regal ; noble.
Rby'al, 7!. a kind of paper.
Rby'al-Ist, n. an adherent to royalty.
Rb^'al-ly, ad. as becomes a king.



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RUM



234



RYE



Roy'al-ty, n. office or state of a king.
Rub, V. to scour ; to wipe ; to polish.
Rub, n. friction ; collision ; difficulty,
Rub'ber, n. he or that which rubs.
RQb'bish, n. ruins ; fragments.
Ru'lii-cund, a. inclining to redness.
Ru'bjed, (ru'bid) a, like a ruby.
Ru'ble, n. a Russian silver coin.
Ru'bric, n. the order of the liturgy.
Ru'bri-c|l, a. placed in the rubrics.
Ru'bri-cate, v. a. to mark with red.
Ru'by, n. a precious stone of red color.
Ruc-ta'tion, 71. act of belching wind.
Rud'der, n. tlie instrument by which a

ship is steered.
Rud'dj-ness, n. quality of being ruddy.
Rud'dy, a. pale red ; florid.
Rude, a, rough; coarse; harsh; uncivil.
RQde'ly, ad. in a rude manner.
Rude'ness, n. quality of being rude.
Ru'di-ment, v. a first principle.
Ru-di-ment'al, a. relating to rudiments.
Rue, V. a. to grieve for ; to be sorry for.
Rue, n. a plant or herb.
Rue'ful, a. mournful ; woful.
Ruff, n. a puckered linen ornament.
Ruffian, (rufyan) n. a brutal fellow.
Riiff'ian, (riif'yan) a. brutal ; vile.
Ruffle, V. a. to disorder ; to plait.
Ruffle, V. n. to grow rough ; to flutter.
Ruffle, n. fine cloth ruffled : — a jar.
Rug, n. a coarse, nappy, woollen cloth.
Rug'f ed, a. rough ; uneven ; harsh.
Rug'f ed-ly, ad. in a rugged manner.
Rug'ged-ness, n. roughness ; rudeness.
Ru'in, n. destruction ; overthrow : —

remains of buildings, cities, &c.
Ru'in, V. a. to demolish ; to destroy.
Ru'in-ous, a. fallen to ruin ; pernicious.
Rti'in-ous-ly, ad. in a ruinous manner.
Rul'a-ble, a. that may be ruled.
Rule, n. government ; a standvd ; a

canon ; a mode : — an instrument.
Rule, V. a. to govern ; to manage.
Rule, V. n. to have power or command.
Rul'er, n. one who rules ; a governor :

— an instrument ; a rule.
Rum, n. a spirit distilled from molasses.
Rum'ble, v. n. to make a hoarse noise.
Rum'bling,?j.a hoarse, continued noise.
Ru'mj nant, a. chewing the cud.
Ru'mj-nate, v. to chew the cud, muse.
Ru-mi-na'tion, n. act of ruminating.
Rum'ma|e, v. to search ; to examine.



Rurn'mage, n. a search ; a bustle.

Ru'mor, n. a flying report ; fame.

Ru'mor, v. a. to report ; to circulate.

Riimp, n. end of the backbone.

Rum'ple, n. a wrinkle ; a rude plait.

Riim'ple, v. a. to wrinkle.

Riin, V. n. [i. ran; p. run;] to mov«
swiftly ; to flee ; to flow ; to melt.

Run, V. a, to pierce ; to fuse, smuggle.

Run, n. act of running ; flow ; way ; fi-
nal result : — a small stream; a runlet.

Run'a-gate, n. a fugitive ; renegade.

Riin'?i-way, n. a fugitive.

Riin'dle, n. a round ; a step of a ladder.

Riing, i. & p. from Ring:

Run'let, n. a cask : — a small stream.

Run'rier, n. he or that which runs.

Run'net, n. a substance in a calPs stom-
ach, used to change milk to curds ;
rennet.

Riant, n. a small, stunted animal.

Ru-pee', n. an East Indian coin, of the
value of about 55 cents. [nia.

Rupt'yre, (riipt'yur) n. a breach ; a her-

RQpt'ure, v. a. to break ; to burst.

Ru'ral, a. relating to the country.

Riish, n. a plant ; any thing worthless.

Rush, V. n. to move with violence.

Riisb, n. a violent motion or course.

Riish'light, (-lit) n. a rush-candle.

Riish'y, a. abounding with rushes.

Riisk, n. a light cake ; hard bread.

Russ, n. a Russian. — a. Russian.

Rijs'set, a. reddishly-brown ; gray.

Riist, n. a reddish crust on iron, &c.

Riis'tic, n. an inhabitant of the country.

Riis'tic, ) a. relating to the country j

Rus'ti-c?l, ) rural ; plain ; rude.

Rus'ti-cate, v. n. to reside in the coun-
try, [country.

Rus'ti-cate, v. a. to banish into the

Riis-ti-ca'tion, n. act of rusticating.

Rus-ti9'}-ty, n. rustic manners.

Rust'i-ness, n. the state of being rusty.

Rus'tie, (riis'sl) v. n. to make a low
rattle, as with leaves.

Rust'y, a. covered with rust ; impaired.

Rut, 71. the track of a wheel.

Riit, V. n. to cry or lust, as a deer.

Ru'ta-ba'ga, n. the Swedish turnip.

Ruth'less, a. cruel ; pitiless ; barbarous.

Riit'ty, a. full of ruts ; cut by wheels.

Rye, (rl) n. an esculent grain or bread-
corn.



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SAG



235



SAL



s.



SA-Ba'OTH, or SAB'A-OTH, n. ar-
mies'; hosts.

Sab'bath, n. the day of rest ; Sunday.

Sab-bat'ic, ) a. belonging to the Sab-

S^b-bat'i-cal, \ bath.

Sa'ble, 71. a quadruped ; a dark fur.

Sa'ble, a. of the color of sable ; dark.

Sa'bre, (sa'ber) n. a kind of sword.

Sac'cha-rlne, or Sac'chj-rlne, a. hav-
ing the qualities of^sugar ; sweet.

Sac'gha-roid, ) a. resembling a loaf

Sac-^ha-rold'^l, ) of sugar.

Sac-er-do'tal, a. relating to priests.

Sa'chem, n. chief of an Indian tribe.

Sack, n. a bag : — pillage of a town.

Sack, V. a. to pillage ; to plunder.

Sack'but, n. a kind of trumpet.

Sack'cloth, n. cloth for sacks, [supper.

Sac'ra-ment, n. the eucharist, or Lord's

Sac-ra-ment'al, a. pertaining to a sacra-
ment.

Sa'cred, a. holy ; divine ; consecrat-ed.

Sa'cred-ly, ad. inviolably ; religiously.

Sa'cred-ness, n. state of being sacred.

Sa-crif'ic, a. used in sacrifice.

Sac'ri-f ice, (sak're-f iz) v. a. to offer to
Heaven ; to devote, [made to God.

Sac'ri-f Ice, (sak're-f iz) n. an offering

Sac-ri-fi"cial, (sak-re-f ish'^1) a. relat-
ing to sacrifices. [cred.

Sac'rj-Ie^e, n. a violation of things sa-

Sac-ri-le'gious, (sak-re-le'jus) a. relat-
ing to sacrilege.

Sac-ri-le'fious-ly, ad. with sacrilege.

Sac'rjs-ty, n. vestry-room of a church.

Sad, fit sorrowful ; gloomy ; grave.

Sad'den, (sad'dn) v. a. to make sad.

Sad'dle, n. a seat for a horse's back.

Sad'dle, v. a. to cover with a saddle.

Sad'dler, n. one who makes saddles.

Sad'dle-ry, n. manufacture of saddles.

Sad'du-cee, n. one of a Jewish sect.

Sad'ly, ad. sorrowfully ; mournfully.

Sad'ness, n. state of being sad.

Safe,ai free from danger; secure; trusty.

Safe, n. a place of safety.

Safe-con'duct, n. a warrant to pass.

Safe'guard, (saf'gard) n. a defence.

Safe'ly, ad. in a safe manner, [curity.

Safe'ty, n. freedom from danger; se-

Saf'fron (saf furn or saf'run) n. a plant
with a yellow flower.

S&g, V. n. to sink down; to settle.



Sa-ga'cious, (sJi-ga'shus) a. discerning
acute ; sage ; wise ; judicious.

Sa-ga'cious-ly, ad. with sagacity.

Sa-ga^'i-ty, n. discernment ; acuteness.

Sag'a-more, n. chief of an Indian tribe.

Sa|e, a. wise; grave; judicious, [plant.

Sa|e, 71. a wise man : — an herb of

Sage'ly, ad. wisely ; sagaciously.

Sa|'it-tal, a. belonging to an arrow.

Sa^-it-ta'ri-us, n. the Archer; one of
the 12 signs of the zodiac.

Sa'go, n. a nutritious substance ex-
tracted from the pith of a species of

Said, (sed) i. &, p. from Say. [palm-tree.

Sail, n. an expanded sheet; a ship.

Sail, V. a. &, n. to pass or move by sails.

Sail'-cloth, n. cloth used for sails.

Sail'er, n. a ship or vessel that sails.

Sail'ing, n. act of one who sails.

Sail'-loft,n.place where sails are made.

Sail'-mak-er, 71. one who makes sails.

Sail'or, n. a seaman ; a mariner.

Sail'yard, ti. a pole to extend a sail.

Saint, 71. a person eminent for piety.

Saint'gd, a. holy ; pious ; virtuous.

Saint'ly, a. like a saint ; religious.

Sake, 71. final cause ; end ; account.

Sal'a-ble, a. that may be sold.

Sal'ad, n. food composed of raw herbs.

Sal'a-man-der, n. a species of lizard
fabled to live in fire. [services.

Sal'j-ry, n. a periodical payment fof

Sale, n, act of selling ; vent ; market.

Sal-e-ra'tus, 7i. sort of refined pearlash.

Sale|'man, 71. one employed in selling.

Sa'li-ent, a. leaping ; bounding.

Sal'i-f i-a-ble, a, that may be salified

Sal'i-fy, V. a. to change into salt.

Sa-line', a. consisting of salt ; briny.

Sa-line', 7i. a repository of salt; a salt*
spring.

Sa-li'va, n. any thing spit up ; spittle.

Sa-li'val, a. relating to saliva ; salivary.

Sal'i-va-ry, a. relating to saliva or spit-
tle. _ [saliva.

Sal'i-vate, v. a. to produce a flow of

Sal-i-va'tion, ti. act of salivating.

Sal'low, 71. a tree of the willow genus,

Sal'low, a. sickly ; yellow ; pale.

Sal'low-ness. n. yellowness ; paleness.

Sal'ly, 71. a quick egress ; a frolic.

Sal'ly, V. n. to issue out. [are made.

Sal'Iy-port, 7;. a gate at which sallies



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SAN



236



SAT



SSLl-ma-gun'di, n. a mixture of meat,
herrings, oil, vinegar, onions, &c.

Sal'mon, (sam'un) n. a fish,

Sa-lo6n', n. a spacious hall or room.

S5.lt, ?!. a substance used for seasoning.

Ssllt, V. a. to season with salt.

Sal-ta'tion, n. act of leaping ; a beat.

Salt'cel-lar, n. a table vessel for salt.

Silt'ern, n. a place for making salt.

Salt'ish, a. somewhat salt. [found.

Salt'-mTne, n. a place where salt is

Salt'ness, n. state of being salt. [salt.

Salt-pe'tre, (-ter) n. nitre ; a mineral

Ssilt'-rheum, n. a disease in the slvin.

S9.-Iu'bri-ous, a. healthful ; wholesome.

Sa-lii'bri-ty, n. wholesomeness.

Sal'u-ta-ry, a. healthful ; beneficial.

Sal-u-ta'tion, n. the act of saluting.

Sa-iate', V. a. to greet ; to hail ; to kiss.

Sa-lute', n. a salutation ; a greeting.

Sal-va-biFj-tyj"' state of being salvable.

Sal'va-ble, a. that may be saved.

Sal'vage, n. a reward for saving goods.

Sal-va'tion, n. deliverance from death.

Salve, (siv or salv) n. an ointment.

Sal'ver, n. plate to present any thing on.

Sal'vo, 71. a reservation ; excuse.

Same, a. identical ; not different.

Same'ness, n. state of being the same.

Sa'mi-el, n. a wind. See Simoom.

Sam'iet, n. a little salmon.

Samp, w. food made of maize broken.

Sam'phire, n. a plant used for pickle.

Sam'ple, n. a part shown ; a specimen.

Sam'pler, n. a pattern of needlework.

San'si-ble, a. curable ; remediable.

San'a-tive, ) a, tending to cure ; heal-

San'a-to-ryj \ ing ; relating to health.

Sanc-ti-fi-ca'tion, n. act of sanctifying.

Sanc'ti-f I-er, n. one who sanctifies.

Sanc'ti-f y, ». a. to make holy, purify.

Sanc-tj-mo'ni-ofis, a. appearing holy.

Sanc'tj-mo-ny, n. holiness ; sanctity.

Sanc'tion,7i. confirmation ; ratification.

Sanc'tion, v. a. to confirm ; to authorize.

Sanc'ti-ty, re. holiness ; purity.

Sanct'u-a-ry, (sangkt'yu-a-re) n. a holy
place ; a temple ; a sacred asylum.

Sand, re. fine particles of stone.

Sand, V. a. to sprinkle with sand.

San'dal, n. a sort of slipper or shoe.

San'dal-wood, (-wud) re. an aromatic

Sand'-eel, ??. a kind of eel. [wood.

Sand'i-ness, re. state of being sandy.

Sand'stone, n. a species of freestone.

Sand'wich, 71. two slices of bread with
a slice of meat between them.

Sand'y, a. abounding with sand.



Sane, a. sound in mind ; not insane.

Sang, i. from Sing.

Sang-froid, (sang'frwa') n. coolness

San-guif 'er-oiis, a. conveying blood.

San'gui-fy, v. re. to produce blood

San'gui-na-ry, a. cruel ; bloody.

San'gujne, (sang'gvvin) a. red ; full of
blood: — ardent; confident.

San'guine-Iy, ad. confidently.

San-guin'e-ous, a. full of blood. [Jewa.

Sdn'he-drlm, n, chief council of the

Sa'ni-e§, n. thin matter from a sore.

Sa'ni-ous, a. relating to sanies ; serous.

San'i-ty, n. soundness of mind.

Sank, i. from Sink. (Obsolescent.)

San'scrit, re. ancient language of India.

Sap, n. the vital juice of plants.

Sap, V. a. to undermine ; to subvert.

Sap'id, a. tasteful ; palatable ; savory.

Sa'pj-ence, re. wisdom ; knowledge.

Sa'pi-ent, a. wise ; sage ; sagacious.

Sap'iess, a. wanting sap ; dry; husky.

Sap'ling, re. a young tree.

Sap-o-na'ceous, (-na'shus) a. soapy.

Sa-pon'i-f y, v. a. to convert into soap.

Sa'por, 71. taste ; relish.

Sap-o-rif 'jc, a. producing taste.

Sap'phjc, (saf 'fjk) a. denoting a kind
of verse invented by Sappho.

Sap'[)hir>', (saffir) n. a precious stone.

S'ip'phir-ine, (saf'fir-In) a. made of sap-
phire ; re^sembling sapphire.

Sap'py, a. abounding in sap ; juicy.

Sap'-rot, re. a disease of timber ; dry-rot.

Sar'a-band, re. a Spanish dance.

Sax-a-cen^ic,o. relating to the Saracens.

Sar'ca^m, re. a keen reproach ; a taunt.

Sar-cas'tjc, ) a. relating to sarcasm j

Sar-c'as'ti-cal, \ keen ; severe.

Sar-ciis'ti-cal-ly, ad. with sarcasm.

Sarce'net, re. a fine, thin-woven silk.

Sar-coph'a-gous, a. feeding on flesh.

Sar-coph'a-gus, 71. sort of stone coffin.

Sar'di-us, 71. a precious stone.

Sar-do'ni-an, ) a. forced or feigned, as

Sar-don'ic, ) applied to laughter.

Sar'do-nyx, re. a precious stone.

Sar-sa-pa-ril'la, re. a medicinal plant.

Sslsh, re. a silk belt : — a window-

Sas'sa-fras, re. an aromatic tree, [frame.

Sat, i. &. p. from Sit.

Sa'tan, n. the devil.

Sa-tan'ic, or Sa-tan'j-cal, a. devilish.

Satch'el, 7i. a bag used by schoolboys.

Sate, V. a. to satiate ; to glut ; to pall.

Sat'el-lite, re. a small planet revolving
round a larger; a follower. [glut.

Sa'ti-ate, (sa'she-at) v. a. to fill ; to



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237



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Ba'ti-aite, (sa'she-at) a. full to satiety.

Bai-tl'e-ty, n. fulness beyond desire.

Bat'jn, 71. a soft, close, and sliining silk.

Skt-i-nel', n. a woollen stuff.

Sa'tire, Sat'ire, or Sat'jre, n. a poem
censuring vice, folly, &c. ; ridicule.

Sa-tir'ic, j a. belonging to satire ;

S^ir't-cal, \ severe ; sarcastic, [ner.

Sa-tTr'i-c^l-ly, ad. in a satirical man-

Sat'ir-ist, one who writes satires.

Sat'ir-ize,i;.'"a. to censure, as in a satire.

Sat-js-fac'tion, n. act of satisfying;
gratification ; recompense.

Sat-is-f ac'to-rj-ly, ad. so as to satisfj'.

Sat-is-f ac'to-rj', a. giving satisfaction.

Sat'is-f y, v. a. to content ; to please ;
to satiate ; to recompense, convince.

Sii'trap, v. a Persian governor.

Sat'u-ra-ble, a. that may be saturated.

Sat'u-rate, v. a. to impregnate fuliy.

Sat-u-ra'tion, n. act of saturating.

Sat'ur-day, n. the last day of the week.

Sat'urn, 7i. a heathen deity : — a planet.

Sat-ur-na'li-an, a. sportive; loose.

Sat'ur-nine, a. gloomy ; grave ; sad.

Sa'tyr, or Sat'yr, n. a sylvan god. [food.

Sauce, n. something to give relish to

Sauce'box, n. a saucy fellow.

Sauce'pan, re. a small pan for sauce.

Sau'cer, 7j. a small platter for a teacup.

Sau'ey, a. insolent ; impudent; rude.

IjSaun'ter, or Saun'ter, v. n. to loiter.

||Saun'rer-er, n. a rambler; an idler.

Sau'ri-an, n. a kind of reptile ; lizard.

Sau'sage,re. a roll of seasoned minced
meat enclosed in a skin.

Sav'a-ble, a. capable of being saved.

Sav'a*e, a. cruel ; barbarous; wild.

Sav'g*e, n. a man wholly uncivilized.

Sav'age-ness, n. barbarousness ; cruel-

Sav'a*e-ry, v. cruelty ; barbarity, [ty.

Sa-van'na, 7i. an open meadow, [spare.

Save, V. a. to preserve ; to rescue; to

Sav'in, n. a plant ; a species of juni-

Sav'ing, a. frugal ; parsimonious, [per.

Sav'ing, prtp. with exception of.

Sav'ing, n. any thing saved.

Sav'ior, or Sav'iour, (sav'yur) n. one
who saves ; the Redeemer of man-
kind, [isk.

Sa'vor, 71. a scent; odor; taste; rel-

Sa'vor, V. to like ; to taste or smell.



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA primary pronouncing dictionary of the English language : with vocabularies of classical, Scripture, and modern geographical names → online text (page 42 of 61)