Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson) Worcester.

A pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language online

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PRONOUNCING, EXPLANATORY, AND SYNONYMOUS



DICTIONAET



OP THE



ENGLISH LANGUAGE.



BY

JOSEPH E. WORCESTER, LL.D.



PHILADELPHIA:

J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY.





Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1855, by

JOSEPH E. WORCESTER,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.



'HirsTEPEOTYPER SANOPR INTERs'll^



PREFACE.



The Household Dictionary of Dr. Worcester, based upon the
well-known Academic Dictionary of the distinguished author, will be
found to contain in its extensive vocabulary some fifty thousand words
succinctly defined, the pronunciation of which is indicated with that
scrupulous accuracy for which Dr. Worcester's series of books have
ever been noted. An important feature has been given to the work
by bringing into view the principal synonymes of the language, — a fea-
ture which it is believed will be of essential service to the reader in
enabling him to understand the meaning and proper use of words. It
has been rendered as complete as its limits would permit, with respect
to all well-authorized English words, and also to all other words
concerning which an English reader most needs information as to their
orthography, pronunciation, or meaning. Thus, it comprises, in ad-
dition to the common words of the language, numerous technical terms
in the various arts and sciences, some words which are obsolete or
antiquated but are found in books that are much read, some which are
local or provincial, some which are peculiar to the United States, and
a large number of such words and phrases from foreign languages
as are often met with in English books.

The definitions are necessarily concise, but they will be found com-
prehensive and exact, and, in many instances, technical, obsolete, pro-
vincial, and American uses of words are pointed out and explained.

In adjusting the orthography of this Dictionary, attention has been
paid to usage, etymology, and analogy ; and the matter of pronuncia-
tion has been made a special object. A peculiar feature consists in
the exhibition of authorities respecting words of various, doubtful,
or disputed pronunciation ; and the work presents, in relation to this
class of words, the modes in which they are pronounced by all the most
eminent English orthoepists. With regard to the pronunciation of many
of the words about which orthoepists differ, the mode which, according
to the judgment of the author, is to be preferred has been indicated,
and other modes are given enclosed within brackets and supported by
their proper authority.



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Boston Public Library



'http://www.archive.org/details/pronouncingexplaOOworc



CONTENTS.



Abbreviations and Signs 40

Dictionary of the English Language 41

Common Christian Names, with their Signification 455

Abbreviations xtsed in "Writing and Printing 459

Signs of Planets, Aspects, Zodiac, etc 464

A Collection of Phrases and Quotations from the Latin, French,

Italian, and Spanish Languages 465

Principal Deities, Heroes, etc., in Greek and Eoman Fabulous

History 484



ABBREVIATIONS AND SIGNS.



GRAMMAR.

a. stands for Adjective.

ad, Adverb.

comp Comparative.

conj Conjunction.

i Imperfect Tense.

interj Interjection.

n Noun.

p Participle.

pp Participles.

.p. a. Participial Adjective.

pi Plural.

prep Preposition.

pron Pronoun.

sing. Singular.

superl Supetlative.

V. a Verb Active.

D. 71 Verb Neuter.



PRONUNCIATION.

S. stands for Sheridan.

W, Walker.

P Perry.

J. Jones.

E. Enfield.

F. Fulton and Knight

Ja Jameson.

K. Knowles.

Sm Smart

R Reid.

C. Craig.

Wb Webster.



ETYMOLOGY, &c.

'Ar. stands for Arabic.

£ng English, or England.

Fr. French.

Ger German.

Gr Greek.

Heb Hebrew,

It Italian.

L Latin.

Per Persian.

Port Portuguese.

Sax Saxon. •

Scot Scotch.

Sp Spanish,

Turk Turkish.

17. S. United States.



ARTS AND SCIENCES.

.4noi. stands for Anatomy.

Jlrch. Architecture.

Astrol. ...... Astrology.

Astron Astronomy.

Bot Botany.

Chem Chemistry.

Chron Chronology.

Conch Conchology.

Elec Electricity.

Ent Entomology.

Fort Fortification.

Geog Geography.

Oeol Geology.

Oeom Geometry.

Oram Grammar.

Her Heraldry.

Ich. ........ Ichthyology.

Law Law.

Logic Logic.

Math Mathematics.

Mech Mechanics.

Med Medicine.

Min. Mineralogy.

Mus. Music.

Myth. ....... Mythology.

J^aut Nautical or Marine AfiFaira.

Opt Optics.

Omith Ornithology.

Phren. Phrenology.

Rhet Rhetoric.

Surg Surgery.

Theol. Theology.

Zo'dl Zoology.

Shak Shakspeare.



SIGNS.



* . . Prefixed to two or more words that come
under the same principle of pronunciation.

f . . Prefixed to words, or meanings of words, that
are obsolete or antiquated.

[R.] Denotes "rarely used."

^fCf" The figures occasionally annexed to the pro-
nouncing words refer to paragraphs in the
" Principles of Pronunciation.^'

3^ Words printed in Italics, in the Vocabulary, (as
calculus and naivcti,) are words which belong
to foreign langttages, and are not properly
Anglicized.

55° Words printed in Italics, in the definitions, de-
note a reference to such words fur a notice of
the synonymous words connected with them.
For example, in the definition of the word
abdicate, the word abandon is referred to for a
notice of the synonymes.



A



DICTIONARY



ENGLISH LANGUAGE.



ABA



A (pronounced ^ as a letter, but a. as a word.) The
; first letter of the alphabet, and a vowel : —
any ; one ; some ; each ; every. A is an article set
before nouns of the singular number ; as, a man,
a tree. It is also prefixed to nouns in the plural
number, when preceded by the adjectives /ew and

great many ; as, a few men, a great many men.
efore words beginning with a vowel, or a vowel
sound, it takes th'~ letter n after it, for the sake of
euphony ; as, an ox, an hour. (See the word An )
A is placed before a participle or participial noun,
and is considered as a contraction of at or on ; as,
To go a hunting. It is also used as a prefix to
many English words ; as, abed, asleep, aboard.

Xb, a prefix to words of Latin origin, signifyiug/rom.

ab'a-cIst, n. One who casts accounts.

^-bXck', ad. (JVauU) Noting the situation of the
sails when they are pressed against the masts.

tAB'A-coT, n. Cap of state onco used in England.

\ji-BA-c' TOR, n. [L.] One who steals cattle in
hords.

AB'A-cus,n. [L.] A bench ; a sideboard ; a count-
ing-table : — the uppermost member of a column.

/A.-BAFT',ad. (JSTaut.) Towards the stern of a vessel.

fA-BJ.l'SANCE (a-ba's9ns), 7i. A bow ; obeisance.

Ab-al'IEN-ate' (ab-al'yen-at), v. a. (Law.) To
transfer one's property to another ; to alienate.

AB-AL-inN-A'TIpN(ab-dl-yen-a's.hun),?(. The act
of abalienatmg ; transfer ; alienation.

j\-BAK'DON, V. a. To give up ; to quit ; to forsake ;
to desert ; to loavo ; to relinquish ; to resign ; to
renounce ; to abdicate ; to surrender : to forego.

Sijn. — Cad parents aJa;»rfoB their children ; men
abandon the unfortunate objects of their guilty pas-
sions ; men are abandoned by their friends ; they
abandon themselves to unlawful pleasures. — A
mariner abandons his vessel and cargo in a storm ;
wo abandon our houses and property to an invad-
ing army ; wo desert a post or station ; leave the
country ; forsake companions ; relinquish claims ;
quit business ; resign an office ; renounce a profes-
sion, or the world ; abdicate a throne ; surrender a
town ; surrender what we have in trust ; we aban-
don a measure or an enterprise ; forego a claim or
a pleasure.

;A-BAN'DpNED (?-ban'dund), p. a. Given up j for-
saken,- corrupted in tlie highest degree.

;\-BXN-coN-iiE', ?i. (Law.) One to whom some-
thing is abandoned.

A-bXn'd5N-5r, Tu One who abandons.



ABB



A-bXn'don-Kng, m. Act of leaving or forsaking^'

A-Ban'don-MENT, K. The act of abandoning. -,

tAB-AN-Nl"TipN (ab-an-ish'un), n. A banishment

t A-bAre', v. a. To make bare, uncover, disclose.

AB-AR-Tic-v-LA'TipN, n. (Aiiat.) A movable ar-
ticulation ; diarthrosis.

A-BASE',u.a. Tohumble; to depress ; to bring low.

A-base'ment, n. Act of abasing ; humiliation ; de-
pression ; degradation ; debasement.

Syn. — Abasement is the passage downwards ;
baseness the state of being low. An act of humili-
ation or seK-abasement ; depression of spirits ; deg-
radation of rank ; debasement of the character, or
of coin.

A-BiSH', V. a. To make ashamed ; to confuse ; to
confound. It generally implies a sudden impres-
sion of shame, in a bad sense.

Syn. — Abash expresses more than confound, and
confound more than confuse. Shame abashes ; any
sudden or unaccountable thing confounds ; "while
bashfulness and a variety of emotions may tend
to confuse. Let the haughty be abashed ; the igno-
rant, the superstitious, and the wicked are often
confounded ; the modest, the diflident, and the weak
arc frequently confused.

A- BASH' ME NT, 71. Great shame J confusion.

A-BAT'A-BLE, 0. That may be abated.

A-BATE', V. a. To lessen ; to diminish ; to reduce ;
to remit. — (Law.) To put an end to ; to defeat.

A-BATE', V, n. To grow less ; to decrease ; to di-
minisli ; to lessen ; to subside.

Syn. — The storm abates ; pain, ardor, anger, and
passion abate ; a thing grows less, diminishes, or de-
creases in size or quantity ; numbers, days, or stores
decrease ; tumults and commotions subside ; fevers
intermit.

A-bate'ment, n. The act of abating : decrease.

A-eat'er, 71. Theperson or thing that abates.

AB'A-Tis(ah'^-nsora.b'A-X5'),7i. [Fr.] (Mil.) An
intrenchment formed by trees felled and laid to-
gether for a defence.

J\-BA'TQR,n. (Law.) One who abates ; one who,
without right, intrudes into a freehold.

Abb, tu The yam on a weaver's warp.

Ali' BA, n. A Syriac word, which signifies /a^Aer.

Xb'b.^-CY, 71. The rights and privileges of an abbot.

Ar-BA'TIAL. (fib-ba'shal), a. Relating to an abbey.

Xb' BE, 71. [Fr.] An abbot ; an ecclesiastical title,
without office or duty annexed.

Xb'bess, 71. The governess of an abbey or a nunnery.



A, E, I, O, ff, Y, long ; X, fi, 1 , 5, 0, ?, short ; A, E, I, p, V, V, oiscure.— fArE, FAR, fAsT, ALL; HfeiR, IIER;
UiErUSi'R; MOVE, NbR,s6N J BClL, BUR, rOlE.— ?, (^t, g, S()/l!; jE, £}, £,|, Aard; §asZj :^asgz: mr ;



ABH



42



ABO



Xb'bey, n. ; pi. Xb'bey^. A priory ; a monas-
tery ; a convent J a cloister: — a church attached
to a convent.

Syn. dbbey, priory, monastery, cloister, convent,

and nunnery are all used to denote religious houses,
common in Catholic countries. Abbey has been
used to denote a religious house of the highest
rank. Priories were formerly regarded as subordi-
Eate to abbeys ; but latterly there is generally
Ii'.tle or no difference. The propei idea of a clois-
ter is seclusion, and it may include devotees of
either sex. Monastery denotes solitude, and is
commonly appropriated to monks. A convent, of
which the leading idea is community, is the resi-
dence of monks or nuns. A nunnery is a house
for nuns or femalo devotees.

Xb'BQT, n. The chief of an abbey or convent.

Xb'bot-shTp, n The state or office of an abbot.

SBBREUroiR (ab-ru-vwor'), n. See Abreuvoir.

AB-BRe'vi-ATE [ab-brS've-at, W. J. F. Ja. K. Sm.
C. ; ab-br5'vyat, S. £. ; ab-brev'e-at, P.],D. a. To
shorten by contraction of parts ; to contract.

4^B-BRE-vi-a'tion, 71. Act of abbreviating ; con-
traction :-— the initial letter or lettorij of a word.

j^B-BRE'vi-A-TQR [sib-brS've-a-tor, Ja. K. Sm. JVb. ;
5ib-bre-ve-a'tor, JV. J. F. ; ab-brev-ya'tor, S. ,•
Eib-brev'e-a-tor, P.], n. One who abbreviates ;
abridger.

^B-bre'vi-A-TO-ry, a. Shortening; contracting.

iA.B-BRE'vi-A-TORE,?i. Abbreviation; abridgment.

A, B, c. The alphabet ; a little book.

Xb'di-cXnt, a. Abdicating ; renouncing.

Xb'di-cant, 71. One who abdicates. Smart.

Xb'dj-cate, v. a. To resign ; to renounce ; to give
up a right ; to abandon : — tt. deprive of a right.

Xb'di-cate, v. 71. To resign an office.

Xb-DJ-ca'tion, n. Act of abdicating ; resignation.

Xb'DI-CA-TIVE [ab'de-ku-tiv, W, J. F. Ja. Sm. i gb-
dik'a-tiv, S. E. P.],'a. Abdicating.

fXB'Dl-TlVE, a. Having the power of hiding.

Xb'DI-to-ry, n. (Law.) A place to hide goods in.

;\B-do'men [ab-do'men, S. W. J. E. F. .Ja. K. Sm. ;
Eib-do'men or ab'do-men, P. fVb.], n. [L.] L. pi.
ab-dom' i-NA ; Eng. ab-d6'men§. The lower
venter or belly, between thr diaphragm and pelvis.

AB-d6m'i-nal, a. Relating to the abdomen.

AB-d6m'i-nal, n. One of an order of fishes.

.Ab-dom'tn-ous, a. Large-bellied ; abdominal.

Ab-DUCE', v. a. To draw from ; to separate.

Ab-du'cent, a. Drawing away; pulling back.

^B-DiJc'TlON, n. Act of abducing : — act of tak-
ing away a woman or other person by force.

;\B-Di5c'TpR, 71. [L.] A muscle that draws back.

A-BEAr'ance (a-bAr'9ns), n. (Law.) Behavior.

a-be-ce-da'ri AN, 71. A teacher or a learner of
the alphabet.

A-BiJD', ad. In bed or on the bed.

A-bele', n. The white poplar.

Ab-er'ratstce, 71. A deviation from right.

^B-er'ran-CY, 71. Same as aberrance.

fAB-i3R'RANT, a. Deviating from the right way.

Xb-er-ra'tiqn, 7t. The act of deviating ; error.

fAB-ER'RiNG, p. a. Going astray ; erring.

A-B13T', V. a. To set on ; to aid ; to encourage ;
to instigate, as in some criminal act.

f A-bet'ment, n. The act of abetting.

A-B)St'ter, 71. One who abets.

/^-Bet'tor, 71. (Law.) One who abets ; an ac-
complice.

Syn. — Abettors propose, set on foot, encourage ;
accessaries take a subordinate part, assist, aid,
help, further ; accomplices take an active part,
execute, complete, perfect.

/A-BEY'ance (a-ba'fins), n. (Law.) Reversion ;
expectation of possession hereafter.

fXB'GRE-GATE, V. a. To lead out of the flock.

iAb-hor', ?). a. To hate with acrimony ; to detest ;
to abominate ; to loathe.

Syn. — We abhor cruelty and inhumanity ; hate
pride and vice of all sorts ; hate an oppressor ;
abominate impiety, profaneness, and indecency ;



loathe the sigut of offensive objects, and whea

sick, food.
Ab-h6r'rence, 71. Act of abhorring ; detestation.
AB-H6R'RENT,a. Struck with abhorrence ; odious;

contrary to ; foreign ; inconsistent wi^h.
Ab-hor'rent-ly, ad. In an abhorrent manner.
Ab-hor'rer, 71. One who abhors ; a detester.
a' BfB, n. The first month of the Jewish year.

A-BIDE',D. 71. [i. ABODE ; p^. ABIDING, ABODE.] TO

stay in a place ; to dwell ; to reside ; to sojourn.

Syn. ilbide for a night ; stay a while ; sojourn

for a week or a month ; dwell in a house with
continuance ; reside in a street or a house for a
season.

A-BIDE', v. a. To wait for ; to support ; to suffer.

A-bId'er, n. One who abides in a place.

A-BlD'lNG, n. Continuance ; stay.

A-BfL'l-TY, 71. State of being able ; power to do
anything ; capacity : — pi. the faculties of the mind.
Syn. — Ability to discern, act, execute, mentally
or corporeally ; ingenuity of invention ; capacity to
understand, comprehend, retain ; talent for some
particular art, office, nr profession : faculty ot see-
ing, hearing, understanding, explaining ; power of
thinking, acting, &c. ; dexterity to elude a blow, to
handle an instrument ; skill in executing ; address
to conduct a negotiation. — He had great abilities,
and parts to discern.

lb in-V'ti-o (-Tsh-), [L.] From the beginning.

AB-iN-Ti3S'TATE, a. (Law.) Inheriting from one
who died without making a will.

AB'JECT, a. Mean; low; despicable; vile; base.

f AB' JECT, n. A base or vile person ; a wretch.

AB-ject'ED-NESS, n. The state of an abject.

Ab-jec'tion, 71. Want of spirit ; baseness.

Xb'ject-ly, ad. In an abject manner ; basely.

Xb'JECt-ness, n. Abjection ; meanness.

tAB-iu'Di-cAT-ED,y. a. Given by judgment, [is.]

Ab-ju-dj-ca'tion, 71. Rejection.

XB-JV-RA'TIpN,7^. Act of abjuring ; renunciation.

Ab-ju'ra-TO-ry, a. Relating to abjuration.

Ab-jOre', v. a. To renounce upon oath ; to aban-
don ; to retract or recant solemnly ; to revoke ;
to recall.

Ab-jur'er, 71. One who abjures or recants.

fAB-LXc'TATE, V. a. To wean from the breast.

XB-LAC-TA'TipN,7i. Act of weaning: — a method
of grafting by approach ; inarching.

Ab-la-que-a'tiqn (ab-la-kwe-a'shun), n. Act of
opening the ground about the roots of trees.

Ab-la'tion, 7z. Act of taking away. \_R.\

ab'la-tive, a. That takes away. — (Oram.) A

_ term applied to the sixth case of Latin nouns.

a'ble (a'bl), a. Having strong faculties, or great
strength ; having power or skill ; capable ; skilful.

a'ble-BOD-iED (a'bl-bod-id), a. Strong of body.

I^Xb'le-gate, v. a. To send abroad ; to depute.

a'ble-ness, 71. State of being able ; ability.

Xb'lep-sy, 71. Want of sight; blindness.

Xb'lu-ent, 71. That which washes clean.

Xb'LV-ent, a. Washing clean , purifying.

Ab-lu'tion (ab-lu'shyn),7i. Act of cleansing with

_ water ; act of washing : — a religious purificatioik

a'bly, ad. In an able manner ; with ability.

Xb-ne-ga'TIQN, 71. Denial ; renunciation.

Xb'ne-ga-tpr, n. One who denies or renounces.

Ab-nor'mal, a. Contrary to rule ; irregular.

A-board' (a-bord'), ad. On board ; in a ship.

A-b6de', n. Habitation ; dwelling ; stay.

A-bode', i. & p. Prom Abide.

f A-bode', v. a. To foreshow ; to bode. Shalt.

IA-bode'ment, n. A secret anticipation. Sliak.

fXB'Q-LETE, a. Old; out of use ; oli.-iolcte.

A-bol'ish, v. a. To annul ; to repeal ; to cancel.
Syn. — Institutions and customs are abolished ; a
contract or obligation, annulled ; laws, repealed or
abrogated; edicts or promises, revoked; debts, can-
celled.

A-Bol'ish-A-BLE, a. That may be abolished.

A-b6l'ish-er, n. One who abolishes.

A-Bol,' jsH-MiiNT, 71. Act of abolishing ; abolition.



it, E, I, o, u, Y, long; X, £, t 6, t5, $, short; A, ]E, I, q, v, y, obscure.— FkRV, FAR, fXst, Xll; h£ir,HER;



ABS



43



ABS



Jb-Q Lf'TlON (ab-o-Hsh'un), ?i. Act of abolish-
ing state of being abolislied ; destruction.

Xb-o-li"ti9N-i§m, n. The principles of the abo-
litionists.

Xb-p-lT"tion-ist (ab-o-lTsh'un-ist), n. One who
favorsabolition, especially of slavery.

Xb-<?-Ma'sijm, ) 78. The lowest or fourth stomach

Xb-P-ma'sus, \ of a ruminating animal.

A b6m'i-na-ble, a. Hateful ; detestable ; odious.
Syn. — An abominable action ; a detestable (worse
than abominable) action ; an execrable tyrant j a
hateful vice ; an odious tax.

A-b6m'i-na-ble-ness, n. Hatefulness.

A-BOM'j-NA-BLY, ad. Hatefully ; detestably.

A-BOM'i-NATE, V. a. To hate utterly ; to detest
with strong aversion ; to execrate ; to abhor.

A-bom-i-na'tion, n. Hatred ; detestation ; the
object of hatred : — pollution ; defilement.

Xb Q-Rl(j'l-NAL, a. Original; primitive; pristine.

XB-o-RT(^'i-NAL, n. An original inhabitant.

^jB-p-JJ/jS'/-iV£4.' (ab-o-rij'e-nSz), 71. y/. [L.] The
earliest inhabitants of a country.

fA-BoRT', V. n. To miscarry in childbirth.

A-BOR'TION, 71. Miscarriage; untimely birth.

A-BOR'tive, a. Being brought forth before the due
time; immature: — failing or miscarrying.

A bor'tive-ly, arf. Imniaturely; untimely.

A-bor'tive-ness, 71. State of being abortive.

fA-BORT'MENT, 77. An untimely birth ; abortion.

A-bo(jnd', v. n. To be or have in great plenty.

A-BOUT', prep. Round; encircling; near; near
to ; concerning ; with regard to ; relating to.

A-BoOt', ad. Circularly ; nearly ; liere and there.

jA.-b6ve' (a-biiv'), prep. In a higher place; more
than ; higher than ; too high for ; beyond.

A-bove' (a-buv'), arf- Overhead ; in a higher place ;
in tlie regions of heaven : — before.

^-bove'-board (51-buv'bord), ad. Upon deck or
board ; in open sight : — without artifice or trick.

Ab-ra-ca-dab' RA, n. A Syrian deity : — a caba-
listic word ; a superstitious charm.

A-brade', v. a. To rub off; to waste by degrees.

A-BR a'^ion (a-bra'zhun), 71. Act of rubbing otf.

A-breast' (a-brest'), ad. Side by side.

fXB-RE-NUN ci-a'tiqn, 77. Renunciation.

fAB-REp'TlON, 71. The act of carrying away.

SBRBUVOlR(ja.b-ru-v\\''6x'),n. [Fr.] A watering-
place : — a joint between stones to be filled up
with mortar.

A-brTdcj^e', v. a. To make shorter in words ; to
contract ; to dimii.ish : — to deprive of.

A-brTd^t'er, 71. One who abridges ; a shortener.

A-BRID^'ment, n. Contraction of a work into a
smaller compass ; compendium ; epitome.

Syn. — Compendium, compend, and epitome are
used as nearly synonymous witli abridgment, and
are applied to performances which give a concise
view of some science or matter. Summary and
abstract are comprehensive abridgments ; as, a
summary of history ; an abstract of an act of Con-
gress. Synopsis denotes such an abridgment as
brings all the parts of a subject under one view.

A-BROAch' (a-broch'), v. a. To set abroach.

A-Br6ach', ad. In a posture for flowing out.

4i.-BROAD' (a-brawd', 4G), ad. Without confine-
ment ; widely ; at large ; from, home ; out of the
house ; in another country.

XB'RO-GATE,tj. a. To repeal ; to annul ; to abolish.

Xb-ro-ga'tion, 71. Act of abrogating ; repeal.

■f A-Br66d', ad. In the act of brooding.

AB-rOpt', a. Broken; craggy; unconnected: —
sudden ; without the proper or usual preparatives.

AB-rDp'tion, n. Violent and sudden separation.

Ab-rDpt'LV, ad. Hastily ; suddenly ; ruggedly.

Ab-rDpt'ness, 77. State of being abrupt.

Xb'scEss ^ab'ses), n. A tumor filled with pus.

Ab-scind' (?b-sind'), V. a. To cut off.

XB'sciss (iib'sis), 71. Same as abscvisa.

JlB-ScTs' SA,n.; pi. AJi-.'iC/s' s.Ji. [L.] (Oeom.)
A segment cut off from a straight line.

i\B-scl§'§IpN (fib-sizh'un) [ab-slzli'un, JV. J. F.



Ja. K. Sm. ,' ab-sTsh'un, S. P.], 71., Act of cutting
off ; state of being cut off.

Ab-sc6nd', v. n. To hide one's self; to disappear.

Ab-sc6nd'er, n. One who absconds.

Xb'sence,77. State of being absent: — inattention.

Xb'sent, a. Not present : — inattentive in mind.
Syn. — Absent friends. A man is absent, ab-
stracted, or inattentive in mind, when his mind 13
occupied on some subject not connected with the
company present.

Ab-sent'j^t;. a. To keep away ; to withdraw.

ab-sen-tee', 71. One absent from his statioiu

Xb-sen-tee'i^M, 71. State of beuig absent.

AB-siiNT'ER, n. One wlio absents himself.

fAB-SENT'MENT, 71. The State of being absent.

Ab-sIn'THI-^n, a. Of the nature of wormwood.

Ab-sin'thi-at-ed, p. a. Containing wormwood

JiB-siN' TUi-UM,n. [L.l Wormwood.

jAB-sIST', V. n. To stand off; to leave off.

Xb'sq-lute, a. Unconditional; not relative: —
not limited ; despotic : — positive ; peremptory.

Syn.^ Absolute or uncmiditioiial promise; abso-
lute or unlimited space : — absolute sovereign ; des-
potic power; arbitrary n\ea.sures : — positive good
or fact ; peremptory refusal.

Xb'so-lOte-ly, ad. Completely ; unconditionally.

Xb'so-lOte-ness, 77. Completeness ; despotism.

AB-sp-Lu'Tl9N,77. The act of absolving ; acquittal.

AB'so-LU-Ti§M, 77. Absolute government.

AB-SOL'y-TO-RY [ab-sol'u-tur-y, W. J. E. F. Ja.
Sm.; ab'so-lu-to-re, S. P.], a. That absolves.

AB-s6l'va-to-ry, a. Relating to pardon; for-
giving.

Ab-§6l,ve' (ab-zolv'), v. a. To free from guilt,
or from an engagement ; to acquit ; to clear.

Syn. — Absolved from sin by the mercy of God ;
acquitted of a charge by men.

Ab-s6lv'er, 71. One who absolves.

f AB'sp-NOus, a. Unmusical : — contrary to reason,

AB-sorb', jj. a. To imbibe ; to swallow np.

Ab-s6bb'a-ble, a. That may be absorbed.

Ab-sorb'ent, 71. Medicine that dries up.

Ab-sobb'ent, a. Having the power of absorbing,

Ab-sorpt', jj. Swallowed up ; absorbed.

Ab-s6rp'tipn, n. Act of absorbing, swallowing,
sucking up, or engrossing.

Ab-sorp'tive, a. Having power to absorb.

Ab-stain', v. n. To keep from ; to forbear.

Ab-ste'mi-pCs, a. Abstinent; temperate; sober.
Syn. — A man may be temperate and sober, yet
not abstemious or abstinent.

AB-STE'Mi-otJs-LY, od. Temperately; soberly.

AB-STE'Mi-oiJS-Niss, 77. Abstinence.

fAB-STEN'TipN, 77. The act of restraining.

Ab-sterge', v. a. To cleanse by wiping ; to wipe.

Ab-ster'9ENT, o. Having a cleansing quality.

f AB-STi3RSE', V. a. To cleanse ; to absterge.

a'b-ster'sion, 71. The act of cleansing.

Ab-ster'sive, a. Having the quality of cleansing.

Xb'sti-nence, 77. Forbearance of necessary food.
Syn. — In abstinence and abstemiousness there is
self-denial ; in temperance and sobriety, wisdom
and decorum.

Xb'sti-nent, a. Using abstinence ; abstemious.



Online LibraryJoseph E. (Joseph Emerson) WorcesterA pronouncing, explanatory, and synonymous dictionary of the English language → online text (page 1 of 127)